"We stand ahead of England and France." 10 facts about the children of the heroic warriors of the Russian army of the Great War
1 fact. Heroism and self-sacrifice of the soldiers of the Russian army, increased losses in the conditions of the modern war set a serious problem for the state - to take care of the children of the heroes who fell for their Motherland. In the ranks of the mass national multimillion army fought with the enemy, and young people, and the fathers of numerous families.
2 fact. The state tried to help the families of heroes - soldiers and officers. As the source notes: “this is the duty of the state, which has never, in any war, been fulfilled so conscientiously, sacredly, as it is now.” But monetary assistance was not enough - all the more so since it is not known “how it will be used by the near and dear heroes of the war”.
3 fact. And then in Moscow under the Committee of the Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna the Department for the Guardianship of the Children of Warriors is created. He was engaged in the upbringing and provision of children without parents.
4 fact. Who were the pets of the Department? First, the children of warriors who fell in the battle for the Motherland. Secondly, children, the fate of whose parents is unknown - for example, the father went missing or was captured, and the mother perished during the "refugee" or during the bombing.
5 fact. A nursery and a kindergarten were created for the smallest children in Moscow. In a manger turned one of the estates near Moscow. Representatives of the higher Moscow aristocracy - replacing mothers to orphans - became nannies. In these institutions, a regime was set up, “which, perhaps, the children of people of the most solid wealth” do not know.
6 fact. Schools and a workshop were created for the older children of the hero warriors.
7 fact. Not only warrior children studied at schools, but also “peaceful” children, as well as children who managed to attend the army as volunteers and even deserved military awards. Children under the age of 16 were not allowed into the army, but there were a lot of such volunteers in the latter. They began to be seconded to Moscow and given to these schools - with the prospect of continuing education at the expense of the state. So, at the beginning of 1916, of the recent 70 patrolled only by the Moscow Committee, the recent juvenile 10 volunteers had already been trained in gymnasiums, and several more at the Komissarovsky and Stroganov School of Fine Arts. And many children were in preparation.
8 fact. Workshops have been set up for girls and boys who love craft. The girls sewed gift bags for the wounded, and the boys bound books.
9 fact. The central institutions established in Moscow that care for children began to serve the whole of Russia.
10 fact. As the source noted, in the sense of providing children of warriors, "as it turns out now, we are ahead of even England and France."
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