Stories about weapons. Anti-aircraft gun KS-19
The story begins with the famous 1945 events of the year, namely the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The results of the bombing could not fail to make a proper impression on the Soviet leadership. Plus, the Americans had a B-36 plane that was able to fly 11 000 kilometers at an altitude of 15 kilometers.
The situation “must do something” at its best.
Lev Veniaminovich Lyulyev, Chief Designer of the Sverdlovsk Machine-Building Design Bureau (SMKB) Novator, Sverdlovsk Region, twice Hero of Socialist Labor, became the one who solved the problem of protecting the country's airspace.
An experimental series of four KS-19 was made, at the factory number 8 in September 1947 of the year and passed the factory tests in the same month. According to the results of military tests, the KS-19 was recommended for use.
The Soviet Army 100-mm anti-aircraft gun model 1947 g. (KS-19) was adopted in March 1948 g.
The KS-19 provided combat against air targets that had a speed of up to 1200 km / h and a height of up to 15 km. All elements of the complex in a combat position were interconnected by an electrically conductive connection.
Aiming the gun to the preemption point was carried out with a GAZ-100 hydropower actuator from PUAZO. But in the event of damage to the drives or control cables, manual targeting is possible.
The following operations were fully mechanized in the KS-19 cannon: installation of the fuse, filling in the cartridge, closing the bolt, firing the shot, opening the bolt and extracting the sleeve.
Modes of firing:
13 shots per minute 1;
45 shots in 5 minutes;
110 shots in 60 minutes;
160 shots for 120 minutes.
Attacking the next target with a readjustment of guidance angles is possible no less than in 2,5 minutes.
For automatic remote targeting in azimuth and elevation angle of eight or less KS-19 guns and automatic entry of values into AUV, the GSP-100M system was used to install a fuse according to PUAZO data.
The power supply was an SSE-AO power station, which produces three-phase current with voltage 23- / 133 V and frequency 50 Hz.
Also, the KS-19 complex included the CON-4 gun-tracking radar.
The SON-4 was a two-axle towed van, on the roof of which a rotating antenna with a diameter of 1,8 m was mounted with an asymmetrical rotation of the radiator. Had three modes of operation:
- all-round view for target detection and monitoring of the air situation using the circular view indicator;
- manual antenna control for detecting targets in the sector before switching to automatic tracking and for rough determination of coordinates;
- automatic tracking of the target by angular coordinates for accurate determination of the azimuth and angle together in automatic mode and slant range.
The barrel of the gun consists of a pipe, breech, coupling, lining with a basting, muzzle brake and nut.
The shutter is vertical wedge semi-automatic.
The cradle is molded; it has a clip with three holes in the front: one as a cylinder for a rollback brake - an idler, two for roll up brake cylinders.
The mechanism for changing the length of the rollback assembled on the right side of the cradle.
The rammer is hydropneumatic. Before the first shot, the rammer is cocked manually using a winch, then the mailing is done at the expense of the recoil energy.
The lifting mechanism has one toothed sector attached to the cradle. The lifting mechanism operates on hydraulic drive and manually.
Spring balancing mechanism.
The machine is a welded structure consisting of a cast base, right and left cheeks, reinforced stiffener, front and rear connection.
KZU-16 platform is four-axle, torsion suspension. Trolleybus type wheels with a GC tire.
Caliber - 100 mm
The initial speed of the distance grenade O-415 - 900 m / s
The weight of the projectile O-415 - 15,6 kg
Charge weight NDT-3 18 / 1 - kg 5,5
The height of the projectile reach (with an elevation angle 85 °):
- for a grenade with an AP-21 fuse - km 15,4
- for a grenade with a BM-45 fuse (on the fuse) - 14,9 km
- for grenades with fuses VM-30, VM-30-L and VM-30-L1 (on the fuse) - 12,7 km
Horizon reach is about 21 km
Rate of Fire - 14-15 shots per minute
The elevation angle of elevation is from —3 ° to + 85 °
Limits of azimuth guidance:
- without VKU - ± 720 °
- with VKU - unlimited
The transition time from the traveling position to the combat position and back without driving or removing the openers (with a trained calculation) is about 5 min
The weight of the gun in the combat position - 9350 kg
The weight of the gun in the stowed position - 9460 kg ± 2%
Allowable travel speeds:
- on asphalt roads - no more than 35 km / h
- on country and cobbled roads - no more than 20 km / h
- on the territory without roads - no more than 10 km / h
Number of gun crew numbers - 7 people
The cooling time of the barrel - 1-1,5 min
The time from the command to cool the barrel to the readiness of the gun to open fire is 3-4 min (if there is ice in the tank, about 6 min)
From 1948 to 1955, the 10 151 KS-19 cannon was manufactured.
Currently, the KS-19 anti-aircraft complex is in service with a number of countries, mainly in Africa and the Middle East, and is also used by the avalanche services for the precautionary descent of avalanches, as well as for dispersing hail clouds.
The KS-19 anti-aircraft systems took part in all modern conflicts in Africa and the Middle East, however 100% of the evidence of downed aircraft is not available.
Subscribe and stay up to date with the latest news and the most important events of the day.