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Germans change attitudes towards refugees
The head of the Ministry of Internal Affairs proposed the German government to take a number of radical measures against migrants. Seehofer, in particular, considered it possible not to let in the territory of the country of refugees who do not have with him an identity card, as well as those people whom the German authorities had previously refused to grant asylum.
In Seehoffer’s strategy, there is a point of denying asylum to persons whose entry into the European Union has been registered in other countries of the community. And most importantly - the Minister insists on strengthening the borders of Germany and the immediate expulsion of all migrants who have already been denied asylum in Germany.
The initiative of the head of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, in fact, puts an end to the long-term migration policy of the German Chancellor. In response, Merkel did not find anything better than just disrupting the presentation of Masterplan Migration. The minister and the chancellor, who had preceded her for many hours of negotiations, did not lead to an acceptable compromise.
Details of this difficult meeting for politicians were not disclosed. Only Merkel’s insistent demand to avoid unilateral solutions to the migration problem went to public space, since “the national legislation of the Federal Republic of Germany must not contradict agreements reached with other EU members”.
Merkel pledged to reach a pan-European agreement on this issue at an EU summit scheduled for 28 in June. Seehofer accepted the condition, but put forward an ultimatum to the Chancellor: if after two weeks his strategy on migrants is not adopted, the Bavarian Christian-Social Union will leave the united parliamentary faction with the Christian Democratic Union, headed by Chancellor Angela Merkel.
The dispute between two high officials led to a political crisis in Germany. The prospect of the collapse of the already fragile structure of the coalition government, and with it the early parliamentary elections, with the most unpredictable consequences.
Horst Seehofer is the undoubted political heavyweight of Germany, whose opinion Angela Merkel is forced to reckon with. For many years he has headed the Bavarian CSU, which makes up a single faction in the Bundestag together with the “sister” CDU. In addition, for the past ten years, Seehofer has been Prime Minister of Germany’s richest federal state, Bavaria.
It was through Bavaria in 2015-2016 that a large number of refugees came to the Federal Republic of Germany. Came from the south, through Italy. Therefore, now that the new Italian government has changed Rome’s policy towards migrants (refuses to accept refugees, blocks its ports for ships with illegal immigrants, etc.), Seehofer sensed the growing tension of an old problem and began to take its measures.
Especially since Horst Seehofer saw the full extent of this problem from the height of the seat of the head of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, which was openly suppressed by the media close to the ruling cabinet. Chancellor Merkel's “hospitable multiculturalism” turned to Germany for the rise in crime and violence from migrants, the heyday of corruption.
As the Spanish newspaper ABC writes with reference to Interpol, several hundred accounts have been revealed on social networks through which real German passports were issued to the euro for 500 refugees. The scale of this scam is unclear to the end. The police for the entire year 2016 counted 554 cases of "issuing passports for illegal remuneration."
Meanwhile, according to the newspaper, only in one “Bremen office for work with foreigners was approved the issuance of 1200 passports to persons who did not meet the established requirements, but the officials turned a blind eye to this for an additional fee.”
To this should be added dozens of high-profile cases of murder and rape committed by migrants in Germany, and it will become clear that the German public sentiment towards refugees has changed dramatically. A survey of the French Institute of Applied Sciences INSA, commissioned by the German tabloid Bild, showed: 86% of the country's population are ready to deport disagreeable migrants today, and 65% of respondents believe that they need to close the state’s borders for refugees.
Minister Seehofer’s ultimatum and Germans’s accumulated discontent Chancellor Merkel took it quite seriously and hurried to Brussels to discuss migration issues with EU leaders. Angela Merkel’s authority was enough for EU leaders to appoint an extraordinary emergency refugee summit on Sunday, July 24.
Then everything did not go according to the plan of the German Chancellor. First, the leaders of the Visegrad Four countries (Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary) decided to refuse to participate in this event. They have long been annoyed by the attempts of Old Europe to shift the problem of refugees to one and all. The Visegrad people considered this painful topic “in fire order” inappropriate, and the summit format was “unacceptable”.
Ultimately, the refusers had already accumulated 12. Representatives of only EU countries 16 responded to the call of Angela Merkel. As a result, the emergency meeting in Brussels on refugees has become a consultative meeting. The rules of such negotiations do not imply admission of special documents binding on all EU members. So even before the start of the summit, its failure was indicated.
Secondly, even without a formal reception of the final document, the participants in the meeting could not work out a common, agreed solution to the refugee problem. This time Italy gave a loud voice. Her Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte offered his summit a ten-point plan.
Conte’s plan was very different from the proposals of the German Minister Seehofer. In contrast to the Germans, the Italian prime minister demanded to abandon the Dublin Agreement. This is one of the basic documents of the European Union. In the now distant 1990, in the Irish capital, the EU countries agreed on the principles for accepting asylum seekers.
The Dublin Convention was then repeatedly edited and supplemented, but its main principle remained unchanged: the EU country in which he made the first entry is responsible for the refugee. In the new reality, when the main migration went through not the richest countries of the community (Greece, Italy, Spain), they found themselves in an extremely difficult situation.
Giuseppe Conte strongly disagrees. He believes: “Everyone who enters Italy will find himself in Europe” and insists on the introduction of quotas for economic migrants for each country of the European community. If the state refuses to accept them, it should sharply reduce funding from the EU budget.
Hot controversy at the emergency summit was caused by another Conte offer - to place special points for receiving migrants in all countries of the European community, and not only in Italy and Spain. Among the participants of the meeting there were no hunters to take on such a burden.
Thus, the plan of Giuseppe Conte did not lead to an agreement at the meeting in Brussels, but only brought an additional split into the long unfriendly European ranks and intensified the crisis in relations between the leaders of the EU countries. Angela Merkel, who felt the failure of her venture with the summit, it remains only to declare the "desire to find a pan-European solution to all possible topics."
In this stories There is one sad conclusion for the Germans. The word of their chancellor for European leaders has ceased to be binding. It seems that in European capitals they have already written off Angela Merkel and are awaiting the imminent resignation of her government. On all it is visible: ahead the European Union waits for a new strip of political instability.
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