More recently, this was not the case. Here is the experience of the Great Patriotic War. Restoring the habitual way of life, involving the population of the areas of our country that were liberated from the Nazis in productive work was one of the most important tasks of the Soviet government. In the summer of 1943, about three weeks after the liberation of Rostov-on-Don from the fascists, a meeting of the regional party and economic activists was held, at which questions of viticulture and winemaking were discussed. The fighting was still on the line of the Mius-front, and the workers of collective and state farms began demining agricultural land, filling trenches and trenches, dismantling bunkers and other things, without which everyday work turns into a feat. The war left millions of mines in our land. Army sappers did a great job of clearing the land of explosive objects, but ordinary Soviet people “cleaned” them. In the Krasnodar Territory, special Komsomol brigades were organized, trained in short-term courses. The account of mines withdrawn by them went on hundreds of thousands. There were dead and maimed - it is such a difficult matter. At the Sauk-Dere State Farm (Krymsky District, Krasnodar Territory), during the war time, the director himself plowed land on the tractor, which was still full of deadly metal. For which he shabbypalized reprimand on the party line. Spared people, and did not spare himself.
Years passed, so they write in the novels. Now it is difficult to imagine that the “effective owner” got behind the wheel of a tractor and drove to raise the plan under the vineyard to a conditionally cleared minefield. And now there are no Komsomol activists. But there are mines. All over the world, where warfare of any intensity is being waged, both opposing parties to the conflict maneuver the land with mines. From time to time, the UN reports new statistics: they say, in 64 countries of the world, at least 110 millions of anti-personnel mines, plus anti-tank mines, and explosive items disguised as ordinary ones are scattered around the surface of the earth. It is reported that minefields are often arranged chaotically, without making plans that both government troops and combatants can hold minefields on the same site. And more than 25 thousands of people per year perish, including children, in the world. And how many livestock lives on mines - no one cares at all before that. Although animal rights societies would have long been concerned. Experts are anxious to note that, on the one hand, the world annually destroys up to 200 thousands of mines, and on the other, up to 2 millions of new ones are established over the same period of time. People who are aware of everything around the world say that an ordinary anti-personnel mine costs in production not much more than three euros, and many thousands are kept in military warehouses. And they say that control over these warehouses is very conditional. Military warehouses in hot spots have a nasty feature - burn and explode from time to time. In these deadly fires, a huge amount of ammunition, which by its nature is dangerous for the population, disappears without burning down.
It cannot be said that the world community does not notice this problem. He notices, discusses and even allocates very significant sums for work on demining. Again, knowledgeable people say that the UN pays 100 dollars and more for demining a single explosive object, and in some places that are particularly uncomfortable for living, the cost of destroying one mine reaches 300 dollars.
For such money, there are many who want to poke around in a minefield, be it located at the end of the world! American, British, Italian, domestic companies push each other away from this pie. In the course are intrigue, bribes, insolent flattery and sexual seduction of the customer. Just to grab a fat order. It is enough to open the nearest source of knowledge (the Internet) and type in the search line “Survey and cleaning of explosive objects”, as you will immediately find several dozens of organizations that are ready under the Federal Law 21 of December 1994 of the year №68-ФЗ "О to protect the population and territories from natural and man-made emergencies "for a bribe in rubles or currency:
• a detailed technical survey of hazardous areas already known or suspected as such;
• determination of the outer perimeter of the hazardous area and the possible type of GP, their condition, the degree of danger of GP and the possible depth of occurrence;
• carrying out explanatory work among the population on safety measures and rules of conduct when detecting explosive objects;
• search and destruction of explosive objects.
Some offices also report that the experience of mine clearance in the North Caucasus, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, Libya allows specialists to work without templates, competently simulate various situations and successfully solve assigned tasks. At the request of the customer, they are ready to fly to any part of the world and conduct only engineering reconnaissance followed by a report and recommendations for clearing the territory from VOPs. A separate group of demineers has the ability to work in a submerged position and engage in demining of water areas, ports, inspect ships and civilian vessels in a submerged position in order to detect attached mines, etc. explosive devices): detect, identify, extract and destroy. "
All of them have licenses issued by state bodies, authorized for that, possess equipment and people capable of feat. Humanitarian demining is what it is called.
Everything is fine in theory, but you need to keep your ears open. For it is reported that the Anglo-American non-profit organization HALO Trust under the guise of demining mines areas of the gray zone in the Donbass, as well as areas occupied by the APU. This was reported in the Center for Public Relations (CEC) Ministry of Internal Affairs of the LPR.
This organization worked in Syria, Georgia, and Iraq and mainly trained local residents to take pictures and, as participants in these programs tell, to lay mines. Thehalotrust instagram is filled with tinsel pictures of happy residents of Syria and other countries leading a wonderful life on the ruins of civilization.
It seems to me that the demining of the Donetsk land should be taken into their own hands by the republics of Donbass. For it is impossible to trust such a question to the official authorities of Ukraine. They can't be trusted at all. At the negotiations of the Minsk format, it is necessary to raise this issue, which is undoubtedly humanitarian and universally recognized. Just as important as the exchange of prisoners and the issue of withdrawing heavy equipment from the points of contact. This somehow diversifies the agenda of the negotiations. Let the sponsors of the peace process selflessly help robots for demining, biosensors, hydraulic presses, all-terrain vehicles with induction mine detectors, new generation radars. The world has accumulated enough technical forces and means to prevent Komsomol volunteers from picking explosive objects with their bare hands. The farmer must safely plow his land, and the shepherd must tend his flock. The land must be given to children and grandchildren clean!