Military Review

The award system of the Soviet Army

23

The award system of the Soviet Army is represented as of 1988 year. It differs from the previous ones only in that it includes awards that appeared after 1970, and the location of the awards was slightly changed (horizontally instead of oblique). In general, it has changed little since the days of the Great Patriotic War.

The award system of the Soviet Army

It should be noted:
1. In the USSR, only the insignia that was established by the Supreme Council (SC) of the USSR and which is awarded by the Decree of the Presidium of the USSR Armed Forces or orders of some ministries (MO, MIA, KGB), were assigned to the awards on behalf of the USSR Armed Forces.
2. Awards are divided into orders and medals. The Order is considered a higher award than a medal and the Order is awarded only by Decree of the Presidium of the USSR Armed Forces on the basis of individual applications submitted to the awarding person (Prize List, Representation). Most medals are awarded by decree of the Presidium of the USSR Armed Forces or by order of some ministries (MO, MIA, KGB) on the basis of lists submitted to the USSR Armed Forces.
3. Many orders can be awarded not only by people, but also by organizations, cities, regions, and republics.
Medals are awarded only to people. Citizenship of the person being awarded does not matter.
4. The statute of each award identifies feats or merit for which a person can be awarded one award or another, and many of the awards can be divided into military (combat) and civilian. The main criterion is a man accomplishing the feat or his merit. Although, in order to be eligible for awarding some awards, you must be a soldier, hold a certain position, have a certain rank, and be in military service in a certain period.
5. If the award has several degrees, then reward some of them only sequentially, starting with the lowest and no more than one award of each degree.
Awards that have two or three degrees are not awarded sequentially, but depending on the position held.
This primarily concerns the orders of Suvorov, Bogdan Khmelnitsky, Kutuzov.
If the award does not have a degree, then the same award can be awarded several times. This mainly applies to orders. Most medals can be awarded only once.
6. Orders are of two types - wearable on the block (1) and worn without a block (2). The medals all have pads (3).

The pad is a metal plate of pentagonal shape, covered with a cloth ribbon of colors assigned to this award. At the bottom of the pad there is a hole through which the ring is passed, to which the reward is suspended. On the reverse side of the pad has a pin for attaching the award to the clothes. Individual medals may have a different shape.
7. So-called awards can be worn instead of the awards themselves.

When to wear the awards themselves, and when to wear strips and whether to wear them at all, the awarded person decides on civilian clothes, and wearing on a military uniform is strictly regulated.
8. All rewards are distributed by their seniority. The seniority of an award is determined by its statute. The higher the deeds or merit of the reward, the higher reward he can be rewarded.

As of 1988, the seniority of awards was as follows (the oldest award is at the top of the list, the youngest at the bottom. Only some images are shown.):
1. The order of Lenin;

2. Order of the October Revolution;
3. Order of the Red Banner;

4. Order of Suvorov I degree

5. Order of Ushakov I degree;

6. Order of Kutuzov I degree;

7. Order of Nakhimov I degree;

8. Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky I degree;

9. Order of Suvorov, II degree;
10. Order Ushakov II degree;
11. Order of Kutuzov II degree;
12. Order of Nakhimov II degree;
13. Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky II degree;
14. Order of Suvorov III degree;
15. Order of Kutuzov III degree;
16. Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky III degree
17. Order of Alexander Nevsky;

18. Order of the Patriotic War, I degree

19. Order of the Patriotic War, II degree;
20. Order of the Red Banner of Labor;
21. Order of Friendship of Peoples;
22. Order of the Red Star;

23. Order "For Service to the Motherland in the Armed Forces of the USSR" I degree;
24. Order "For Service to the Homeland in the Armed Forces 2SSR" II degree;
25. Order "For Service to the Motherland in the Armed Forces 2SSR" III degree;
26. Order of Honor;
27. Order “For personal courage”;
28. Order of Glory I degree;

29. Order of Glory II;
30. Order of Glory III;
31. Order of Labor Glory I degree
32. Order of Labor Glory II degree;
33. Order of Labor Glory III degree;
34. Medal of Honor";

35. Ushakov's Medal;
36. Medal "For Military Merit";
37. Medal of Nakhimov;
38. Medal "For Labor Valor";
39. Medal "For Labor Difference";
40. Medal "For Valiant Labor (For Military Valor). In commemoration of the 100 anniversary of the birth of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin";
41. Medal "Partisan of the Patriotic War" I degree;
42. Medal "Partisan of the Patriotic War" II degree;
43. Medal "For the difference in the protection of the state border of the USSR";
44. Medal "For distinction in military service" I degree;
45. Medal "For distinction in military service" II degree;
46. Medal "For Excellent Service for the Protection of Public Order";
47. Medal "For courage in the fire";
48. Medal "For the rescue of the drowning";
49. Medal "For the Defense of Leningrad";
50. Medal "For the Defense of Moscow";
51. Medal "For the Defense of Odessa";
52. Medal "For the Defense of Sevastopol";
53. Medal "For the Defense of Stalingrad";
54. Medal "For the Defense of Kiev";
55. Medal "For the Defense of the Caucasus";
56. Medal "For the Defense of the Soviet Arctic";
57. Medal "For the victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945.";
58. Medal “Twenty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945”;
59. Medal “Thirty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945”;
60. Medal “Forty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945”; 61.Medal "For the victory over Japan";
62. Medal "For the capture of Budapest";
63. Medal "For the capture of Koenigsberg";
64. Medal "For the capture of Vienna"
65. Medal "For the capture of Berlin";
66. Medal "For the liberation of Belgrade";
67. Medal "For the Liberation of Warsaw";
68. Medal "For the Liberation of Prague";
69. Medal "For Valiant Labor in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945";
70. Medal "Veteran Labor";
71. Medal "Veteran of the Armed Forces of the USSR";
72. Medal "For the strengthening of the military community";
73. Medal "For the restoration of enterprises of the iron and steel industry of the South";
74. Medal "For the restoration of the coal mines of Donbass";
75. Medal "For the development of virgin lands";
76. Medal "For the construction of the Baikal-Amur Mainline";
77. Medal "For the transformation of the Nonchernozem region of the RSFSR";
78. Medal "For the exploitation of mineral resources and the development of the oil and gas complex in Western Siberia";
79. Medal "XX years of the Red Army";
80. Medal “30 years of the Soviet Army and Fleet";
81. Medal "40 years of the Armed Forces of the USSR";
82. Medal "50 years of the Armed Forces of the USSR";
83. Medal "60 years of the Armed Forces of the USSR";
84. Medal "70 years of the Armed Forces of the USSR";
85. Medal "50 years of the Soviet police";
86. Medal "In memory of Moscow's 800 anniversary";
87. Medal "In memory of the 250 anniversary of Leningrad";
88. Medal "In memory of Kiev's 1500 anniversary";
89. Medal "For impeccable service" I degree;
90. Medal "For impeccable service" II degree;
91. Medal "For impeccable service" III degree.

The issues of wearing awards, the procedure for placing them on military clothes were strictly regulated by Section V of the Rules for Wearing Military Uniforms by Servicemen of the Soviet Army and Navy, approved by Order of the USSR Ministry of Defense No. 250 of March 4. This section is called "Wearing orders, medals of the USSR, medal ribbons and ribbons of medals on the slats and other insignia on military uniforms".


The figure shows the placement of awards worn on pads on a double-breasted uniform (1) (generals and naval officers), on a single-breasted officer's uniform (2), on a soldier's uniform (3) and sailor uniform (4). Non-award signs are shown in gray.

Foreign awards are worn below the Soviet, which can be clearly seen on the double-breasted uniform (1). On the left side of the chest, those foreign awards are worn that have something like a pad or are hung on ribbons. There are no restrictions on wearing foreign awards. They can be worn even if the serviceman does not have a single Soviet award, or they do not meet Soviet standards. No permits for wearing foreign awards are required.

The figure shows the placement of awards on the right side of the chest. Breastplates, besides those listed above, are worn below orders, and if a soldier does not have such orders, then breastplates are worn at the place of orders. Foreign awards that do not have pads or ribbons are also worn on the right side of the chest below the Soviet orders, but above the breastplates.



The figure shows the placement of the slats on a double-breasted tunic (generals and naval officers) (1), on an officer’s jacket (2), on a sealed uniform jacket (3), on a sailor uniform (4) and on a closed everyday soldier uniform (5).



The Soviet award system was not without flaws:

- it was necessary to wear all awards that sometimes turned the order bearer into a real “iconostasis”;
- the establishment of medals that were unknown to whom and for what to award (800 years of Moscow, 250 years of Leningrad, 1500 years of Kiev, 100 years from the birth of Lenin);
-replacement by Khrushchev of awarding servicemen with service orders for the service "For Impeccable Service" medals, for which the country's top leaders expressed their disregard for heavy and dangerous military work.

The modern award system of Russia is a wild, illiterate mixture of converted awards from tsarist Russia with the Soviet award system. Absolutely ridiculous in the XXI century look on modern clothing, the Old Testament sash ribbons over the shoulder, the order on the chains and on the neck. They are puzzled by the hasty replacement of the red ribbon with the three-colored Hero star, hastily turned into the medal "For Courage" and the Order of Friendship. The award system of the new Russia turned out to be neither a successor of the old Russian premium traditions, nor a worthy successor of the Soviet traditions.

Note:
The award system of the most "democratic, most free" country in the world is more stringent to foreign awards.
The AR 670-1 Army Management has categorically determined which countries and which awards the American soldier is entitled to wear, and if he does not have American awards, he has no right to wear a single foreign award. Of course Soviet Union in this very small list of countries not specified.
And General Eisenhower put on the Soviet Order of "Victory" also had no right.
And the American pilots who overtook aircraft in the USSR, the American navy men of polar convoys also can not wear Soviet awards, even on civilian clothes.
Battle awards of the Soviet Union (Russia, studio "Wings of Russia", 2 series) 2011 year

Director: Konstantin POLYAKOV

The film will tell about all the awards of the Soviet Union, as well as reveal previously unknown pages. storiesrelated to orders and medals.

You will learn how the Soviet award system worked, how ordinary citizens and leaders of the country treated orders and medals.
The offscreen text is read by Alexander Klyukvin.

By decree of the Central Executive Committee on September 16, 1918 was established the first Soviet order - the Order of the Red Banner of the RSFSR. The decree said: "This insignia is awarded to all citizens of the Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic, who have shown particular courage and courage in direct combat activities."



Author:
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  1. Dust
    Dust 17 May 2012 09: 01
    +7
    The modern award system of Russia is a wild, illiterate mixture of converted awards from tsarist Russia with the Soviet award system. Absolutely ridiculous in the XXI century look on modern clothing, the Old Testament sash ribbons over the shoulder, the order on the chains and on the neck. They are puzzled by the hasty replacement of the red ribbon with the three-colored Hero star, hastily turned into the medal "For Courage" and the Order of Friendship. The award system of the new Russia turned out to be neither a successor of the old Russian premium traditions, nor a worthy successor of the Soviet traditions.
    Very accurately said!
    The article as a whole is correct, but apparently they hurried up with the placement - they got a bit messed up with the drawings, it would be necessary to correct, there is still roughness in the text ...
    As for the medals, which are supposedly incomprehensible for what - there was a pretty accurate description of who is entitled to the medal of the 800th anniversary of Moscow, for example, the rest from the list - but there was a hitch that the medal could not be taken! It was necessary to pay for the medal, so my grandfather at one time refused to be awarded, I then urged him to apply again, but I could not get him to get it, and he was already weak, go to court ...
    1. postman
      17 May 2012 20: 13
      +1
      Quote: Dust
      but apparently hurried with the placement
      .
      Hey. We were in no hurry. In the "cache" hung for almost a week.
      Flushed whitespace rules.
      Part of the photo was helped by "topwar" (thanks to them).
      WHAT PICTURES ARE CONFUSED?
      I will be grateful, most interesting.
      1. Dust
        Dust 19 May 2012 17: 37
        0
        The orders of Suvorov are repeated at the very beginning instead of Ushakov, then it was not necessary to place all degrees at once, if then the text mentions each degree separately ...
        Then the exchange had doubts that this is how seniority awards go - wrote this before he began to check ...
  2. borisst64
    borisst64 17 May 2012 10: 06
    0
    The Order "For Service to the Homeland in the Armed Forces of the USSR" is awarded in peacetime and, according to the statute, is higher than the military Order of Glory. Is this really right?
  3. Trevis
    Trevis 17 May 2012 10: 13
    +5
    Thanks, interesting article!
  4. Prometey
    Prometey 17 May 2012 11: 00
    +2
    But wasn't the Star of the hero the highest award? And they have not yet said about the Order of Victory, which was made in piece copies.
    1. Vyalik
      Vyalik 17 May 2012 14: 04
      0
      The highest award is the Order of Lenin, and the Hero of the USSR Medal was awarded to it.
      1. lewerlin53rus
        lewerlin53rus 17 May 2012 18: 35
        +1
        And not vice versa? The Order of Lenin was awarded to the Hero Star, which was awarded and as such for individual merits.
        1. Gamdlislyam
          Gamdlislyam 17 May 2012 19: 09
          +2
          The title was awarded Hero of the Soviet Union, with the awarding of the Order of Lenin and the Gold Star medal.
          The title was first established by the Decree of the Central Executive Committee of the USSR of April 16, 1934, an additional insignia for the Hero of the Soviet Union - the Gold Star medal - was established by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of August 1, 1939. Until August 1939, only the Order of Lenin and the Diploma on awarding the title of GSS were awarded.
          The Order of Lenin was the highest order in the USSR. The Order of Victory was the highest military order.
  5. 416sd
    416sd 17 May 2012 11: 01
    +7
    Thanks to the author!
  6. Georg iv
    Georg iv 17 May 2012 11: 04
    +5
    The article is good especially after the article about false veterans. Distinguishing is now easier.
    1. Captain Vrungel
      Captain Vrungel 17 May 2012 14: 23
      +5
      But in Ukraine it is easy to determine who has been awarded since 1991. The higher the reward, the more "not a very good person" from the company of those living in power. The people of Ukraine should be awarded with the commemorative sign "Outlived Kravchuk", "Outlived Kuchma", "Outlived Yushchenko", "And I will survive Yanukovych." When I look at the iconostasis of Ukrainian generals on holidays, I understand why the fat belly sticks out like that. It turns out that the awards on the skinny chest will not go astray. According to the number of awards, Zhukov is resting. They are already catching up with Brezhnev. And this is sitting in an office or in the country with a completely collapsed army. Why should Ukrainian awards be appreciated?
      1. Tirpitz
        Tirpitz 17 May 2012 16: 06
        +3
        In, at the very point, I wanted to write the same. + to you. And also in Ukraine, everyone was in peacekeeping missions for at least some time received the status of a participant in hostilities. You can understand the soldiers and officers, they should. But we have such a politician Vladimir Litvin, it turned out he is also a participant in the war in Kosovo. When they made a fuss about it, it turned out that he was coming there to the Ukrainian contingent with a check, and after 3 hours he flew away. But already a participant in the hostilities.
      2. postman
        17 May 2012 20: 18
        0
        Quote: Captain Vrungel
        But in Ukraine we define

        Hi,
        By the way, the article was taken from Ukrainian sources (Kiev)
        according to the article by Veremeev Yuri Grigoryevich
        Born in 1947. Russian.
        Officer of the engineering troops, lieutenant colonel, length of service 26 years.
        He served in the Baltic states, in the Far East, in Czechoslovakia, in the Urals and elsewhere. He was a commander, staff officer, teacher.
        1327 neutralized and destroyed explosive objects (aerial bombs, shells, mines, land mines). Liquidator of the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant (1988). Author of the books "Attention, Mines!" and "Mines yesterday, today, tomorrow".
  7. vostok
    vostok 17 May 2012 11: 20
    +3
    In the USSR, they carefully checked whom to award with what award and for what feat, but now there is no control. What can we say if our former militants go with the stars of heroes and orders of courage.
    1. serge348
      serge348 6 June 2012 00: 51
      0
      My friend "earned" two wounds and two medals for three business trips to Chechnya. And the staff from Moscow flew in for a week to hang out and eat vodka in a "combat situation". Those were awarded orders.
  8. bazilio
    bazilio 17 May 2012 11: 55
    +7
    About orders and medals is interesting, but the article is not complete. Personally, I would like to know what award and for what they give out, preferably with examples
    1. Gamdlislyam
      Gamdlislyam 17 May 2012 19: 19
      0
      Each Order and medal in the USSR (and in the Russian Empire) had statuses, where it was registered according to points, who was awarded and for what.
      You can read it on Wikipedia, or just google "Order status xxx".
  9. AK-74-1
    AK-74-1 17 May 2012 12: 50
    +2
    Very interesting article. Thanks to the author.
  10. Krasnodar
    Krasnodar 17 May 2012 14: 32
    0
    It is very strange that full holders of the Order of Glory (the lowest in the hierarchy) are equated in the Hero of the Soviet Union and Russia. We must raise the status of the order! At least over "For Service ..."!
    1. lewerlin53rus
      lewerlin53rus 17 May 2012 18: 47
      +3
      This hierarchy is relatively relative. The Order of Glory is the Soviet successor to the St. George Cross of the tsarist army. They even have the same ribbon, the well-known St. George ribbon. This is a purely soldier's award, in contrast to the tsarist Order of St. George. And as far as I remember, the St. George Cross and the Order of Glory were always awarded to ordinary soldiers, not officers. And only during military operations. And among the military it was always considered very, very prestigious, because for no reason they awarded it to anyone.
      1. TRex
        TRex 18 May 2012 06: 43
        +1
        By status, the holder of the Order of Glory of three degrees was equal in privileges and payments to the Hero of the Soviet Union. These orders were awarded only to ordinary, sergeant and sergeant officers. So - it is worth a lot.
        It would be interesting to know how many of these gentlemen survived? And in the stands of real front-line soldiers, 10 - 15 percent, the rest - "mummers".
  11. 755962
    755962 17 May 2012 16: 36
    0
    About orders and medals is interesting, but the article is not complete. It is advisable to emphasize the statute of the order. for what specifically reward.
    1. postman
      17 May 2012 20: 05
      0
      Quote: 755962
      About orders and medals

      Unfortunately, everything will not fit.
      This is a decent volume.
  12. volcano
    volcano 17 May 2012 16: 45
    0
    About the illiteracy of the current award system did not understand.
    Dear Author, how do you want to remove, let's say, Soviet orders and medals from awards if hundreds of thousands of people wear them? Remove these awards and people are deprived of both benefits and the country's proper respect for themselves. Tell me, would you be pleased if you accomplished a feat, you were awarded, and ten years later this award was canceled? It turns out they spat on you and your memory. As for the rest, in my opinion it is obvious that the award system of Russia will gradually return to the Tsarist awards. I can give you an example. The highest award of the Russian Federation, the Order of St. Andrew the First-Called, the Order of Courage has been replaced by the St. George Cross with swords, etc. I am not engaged in heraldry, but in my opinion the trend is evident. And to be honest, I'm glad of that. The basis should be the awards that have been awarded to our heroes and prominent figures for centuries. Of course, awards of the Soviet period should take a worthy place among them (although the issue is complicated here by communist symbols, with which not everyone is in friendship), but I think a special commission would figure it out. IN GENERAL, THE ISSUE OF STATE AWARDS AS AN ELEMENT OF GOSSYMBOLS IS ESSENTIAL IN OUR COUNTRY. The whole world is funny about our anthems, flags, coats of arms, etc. How much can you change? It is necessary to choose once and for all and fix these symbols of the State in the Constitution as a separate article, without the right to make amendments. You can do the same with state awards. BY THE AUTHOR, NOT ALL AWARDS GIVEN BY THE MOE OR MIA ARE STATE. And not all of them. THEY ARE CALLED DEPARTMENTAL.
    1. Brother Sarych
      Brother Sarych 17 May 2012 19: 40
      +2
      Does anyone say that it is necessary to remove the Soviet awards? That is not the question!
      Modern Russian awards are simply masterpieces of bad taste - what is the replacement of Soviet stars with crosses!
      Of course, very many of these awards already got blood and sweat at that time, and it’s a shame to read such things, but we won’t cheat - this is ugliness! Plus, almost every district has appropriated the right to issue their own tsatskis to themselves - this is generally complete lawlessness!
      There was an order of Suvorov in due time - leave it as it was and you cannot touch it! The same can be said of other old orders! And leave the Soviet order of Alexander Nevsky alone! And the profile of Zhukov on the cross in general looks blasphemous!
    2. postman
      17 May 2012 20: 04
      +1
      Quote: volkan
      Dear Author, how do you want to remove Soviet orders from awards?

      Hey.
      I have never suggested this at all.
      (In the same way, I have a negative attitude to numerous renaming, etc. Tsaritsyn-Stalingrad-Volgograd, and other examples. Although Leningrad is in St. Petersburg, yes I support it. The reason is a symbol)
      Soviet awards must remain (indefinitely). And the benefits of Ypres.
      Equate status to modern Russia (in importance)
      It was about systematization.
      The restoration of Russian awards should have taken place with the appropriate "adaptation" to the modern uniform, to the realities of today.
      That was what was being discussed!


      Quote: volkan
      By the way, for the author, not all awards issued by the Ministry of Internal Affairs or the Ministry of Internal Affairs are state. And far from all. They are called departmental.

      Nobody argues. But the title of the article was not "The reward system of the USSR", but ".... SA"!
  13. SectoR
    SectoR 17 May 2012 17: 01
    0
    Finally I found out what kind of rectangular little things, and what they specifically mean - these pads. Thanks for the info)))

    Order of Ushakov I and II degree
  14. Panzer UA
    Panzer UA 17 May 2012 17: 30
    +1
    Quote: bazilio
    bazilio Today, 11:55 5 
    About orders and medals is interesting, but the article is not complete. Personally, I would like to know what award and for what they give out, preferably with examples

    Watch the video there everything is described with examples
  15. Owl
    Owl 17 May 2012 18: 18
    +4
    In addition to the imperfection of the Russian reward system, there is also a wild system of "power" to reward "everyone and everyone." The shepherd will be made a Hero of Russia, and sportsmen and cultural workers will be awarded the Order of Courage. The recent awards personally stunned me: NGSH Makarov is the "closed" Hero of Russia (for recognizing the threat from Iran and the DPRK and therefore for "the possibility of striking them"), the masterpiece is the awarding of the Humpbacked Order (probably for the collapse and destruction of the USSR). Personally, I myself know the "price" of the state. awards (sweat and very often, blood, one's own and "someone else's"), awards are not given to "the right people", with her award policy the "power" of the LADY showed her location and her attitude to the People, it turned out that this power is the power of traitors, the occupation power ... let's look at the actions of the "eternal president" of Russia.
    1. 1Andrei
      1Andrei 30 March 2017 15: 36
      0
      In addition to the imperfection of the Russian award system .............. A good start in words. And then, you are not just FILIN, YOU ARE FILIN-WOODEN. PS. About the hunchback, I agree with you, but do not touch the General Staff ... Do not mind your topic.
  16. 8 company
    8 company 17 May 2012 19: 14
    +1
    The system has developed in such a way that the staffs present for awards and do not forget themselves. It was during the Great Patriotic War and the Afghan War. For example, I read the memoirs of a veteran, how they were allocated some sets of GCC ranks for crossing the Dnieper and half went to the headquarters, and not to those who actually crossed the Dnieper under fire. I don’t even want to remember about Afghan: specialists are hammering caravan after caravan, they will be given a couple of orders, the rest goes to headquarters. Even the specialist who captured the first "Stinger" was not given a Hero, although they swore it. In my opinion, it was more or less fairly awarded during the First World War, in any case, much more honestly than in Soviet times.
    1. postman
      17 May 2012 20: 29
      +1
      Quote: Company 8
      Well, they don’t forget themselves

      Right. My grandfather did so.
      They gave the 2nd for courage, and the Order of Glory was "squeezed" by the staff.
      Only in 1983 they sent again.
      And in 1985 we already buried him ....
  17. alt_r
    alt_r 18 May 2012 06: 38
    +1
    Thank you, very informative post.
  18. Vova
    Vova 25 May 2012 00: 44
    0
    Article 5 (minus the truth), and koment 8 company - I completely agree +
  19. Bugor
    Bugor 27 June 2012 12: 52
    0
    Thanks to the author for the article. Let incomplete. But, anyway, you need to know what and how. Here I am wondering: during the war they changed the order of wearing orders, and on this they caught a man who was preparing an assassination attempt on Stalin. Moreover, ordinary boys were caught at the checkpoint. Where can I read about it ???
  20. Kostya pedestrian
    Kostya pedestrian 25 July 2014 21: 05
    0
    Yet Lenin was right. He gave people knowledge, and gave the opportunity not to the "chosen ones", but to the people to understand the essence of things.

    Only people who are not afraid of competition do this. And therefore not from this world.

    Indeed, capitalism is built on competition, for which many thanks to him.

    Therefore, that Karl "Swedish", that Frederick "Spanish" scissors, and comrades Lenin-Stalin-Zhukov, always a place at the window, opposite the Virgin in the corner.


    Although the awards described in the article do not remind us of better times, they clearly make it clear who is who.

    And now they were concocting all sorts of nonsense, the first-called and other ....

    PieS: just don't load me, that thanks to the "faithful" you got the Crimea back. We took the Crimea, according to the law, in a showdown.

    PieS2: Polevoy understands who Komsomoltsev fell asleep in the mines? We are not even Orthodox Pagans; We believe the life-giving Cross, it’s so easy not to write us off. Be ready!
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