Military Review

Anniversary of the great Comandante, doctor and romance

Behind football passion and the drama with odious pension reform unfolded on their background, the 90 anniversary of a man who has become one of the symbols of the twentieth century, and indeed the present century, Ernesto Che Guevara, was almost missed. However, some media have managed, remembering about a round date, pour mud over the legendary Comandante ...

Ernesto Guevara de la Serna was born on June 14 of the year 1928 in Argentina, in the city of Rosario. He lived a short life - just 39 years, but his biography contained a lot of travel, events, sufferings, struggles and victories.

It must be said that Ernesto's parents were very progressive people. The father is an architect, the mother is the heiress of a plantation mate in the province of Misiones. But from this province, the family (before Ernesto was born) had to flee to Rosario, because other planters were opposed to the spouses. And the reason for this is the fact that the future father Che Guevara paid the workers wages in cash, while other planters calculated with products. However, soon after the birth of Ernesto, the family returned, but not for long, because the boy had to be transported to an area with a more healing climate, Cordoba, because of asthma.

In the family, in addition to him, there were two more girls and two boys. Parents were able to ensure that all received higher education. And the family came into conflict with the Argentine government. The reason is the war in Spain. The parents of the future Comandante helped the Relief Committee of Republican Spain, were friends with one of the prominent Spanish Republicans, who after the defeat went to Argentina. And President Juan Peron was on good terms with the fascists. Ernesto's mother was even arrested for participating in demonstrations against Peron.

All this could not but influence the views of the boy. And when he was 11 years old, he first became interested in Cuba. This happened on the basis of Ernesto’s fascination with chess, when Cuban chess player Capablanca arrived in Argentina.

Ernesto read a lot - first adventure literature, then the works of Marx, Engels, Lenin, Kropotkin, Bakunin. He loved poetry - read Baudelaire and Verlaine in French. A lot of sports, despite his serious illness. He chose one of the most humane professions - a doctor.

In his youth, he fell in love with the daughter of one of the wealthiest planters, but ... At the same time, he was obsessed with the idea of ​​treating people with leprosy. For this, he left his dreams of a beloved and, after passing the exams, along with his friend, Dr. Alberto Granado, who was also worried about the treatment of lepers, went on a journey through Latin America. The journey began on December 29 on 1951, when young people went to Chile on a motorcycle. Their goal was to visit leprosariums. Often they had to earn money on all sorts of hard work in order to have the means to continue the journey, and sometimes they went "hares". In Colombia, friends went to jail for a “suspicious look,” but the police chief was a football fan, and when he found out that they were from Argentina, he released them, in return asking to train the local football team. When the team won one of the competitions, fans bought Ernesto and Alberto Bogota tickets. In Colombia, where there was a civil war, they were again imprisoned. Freed them with the condition that they leave the country. The journey was full of adventures. In the end, Alberto remained in Venezuela, and Ernesto returned to his homeland, in Buenos Aires.

After graduation, he again went to Latin America. I met a lot with peasants and workers, saw their poverty, their work, their burden. All this reinforced his left-wing convictions. In Guatemala, he met with Cubans - supporters of Fidel Castro. And when forces from Honduras invaded Guatemala, he was asked to join the militia and made the list of “dangerous communists”. The Ambassador of Argentina warned him that he was in danger of liquidation, and offered asylum in the embassy building, and then helped to get to Mexico City.

Ernesto later worked in Mexico City as a doctor when two Cubans came to him. He was acquainted with one of them in Guatemala. They told him about Fidel Castro’s attack on the Moncada barracks. After that, Che first met Raoul and then Fidel Castro. This meeting turned out to be fateful. They were preparing an expedition to Cuba.

In June 1956, Mexican policemen arrested Fidel and Che, as well as several other comrades. It turned out that a provocateur had penetrated their ranks. However, a month later Fidel was released, but he had to postpone his campaign to Cuba until Che Guevara was released (who stayed in prison for 57 days). And then there was the famous expedition on the Granma, in which Che and Fidel survived by a miracle, the guerrilla struggle, the Cuban revolution and its victory. Moreover, it should be noted that Che had more difficulty on the roads of this struggle than others: asthma prevented.

1 January 1959, the Cuban dictator Batista was overthrown and fled the country. Fidel Castro came to power, and Che was one of his closest associates. However, it was then that he took this name for himself: Major Che Guevara.

But it was difficult for him to conduct his activities in offices, as director of the National Bank of Cuba - he was not created for a quiet and peaceful life.

In 1960, Che Guevara visited other socialist countries, including the Soviet Union. He was one of those who welcomed the 7 demonstration in November of the same year, standing on the podium of the Mausoleum.

Here is another trait to the portrait: when in Cuba food ration cards had to be entered, he insisted that he be given the same amount of products as ordinary people. He personally cut cane, worked at construction sites, unloaded steamships, and then spoke at the UN General Assembly with an anti-American speech.

In the spring of 1965, Che Guevara unexpectedly took off all his authority and left Cuba. The reason for this was the fact that he did not work in the ministerial offices. He said goodbye to the children, leaving them a letter: "Your father was a man who acted according to his views and, undoubtedly, lived according to his convictions." And Fidel Castro said that his help is required in other countries of the world.

At first he tried to support the uprising in the Congo. But there the struggle did not work out. He then wrote that it was impossible to win with such allies who were not distinguished by discipline and dedication.

After that, Che secretly returned to Cuba to prepare for a revolution in Latin America. And in November, 1966 of the year ended up in Bolivia, where the guerrilla struggle of the Bolivian communists was fought. The guerrillas were so dangerous for the leadership of this country that it appealed to the CIA for help. As CIA agent Philip Agee later claimed, there was no man who was more afraid at that time than Che Guevara. A reward of 4200 dollars was awarded for his head.

His last fight took place on 8 on October 1967 of the year in Quebrada del Juro. Comandante was injured and his bullet was damaged. weapon. So he was captured wounded and unarmed. But even in this state, he saw the wounded Bolivian soldiers and offered to give them medical aid. The officer did not allow it.

They tried to interrogate him, but he refused to answer officers' questions. Even being tied up, hit one of them for trying to humiliate. Before his death, October 9, a local girl, Julia Cortes, a schoolteacher, snuck up to him. In the last hours of his life, he said that the school was in poor condition, while officials drove expensive cars. “That’s why we are fighting against this,” he told a young woman. On the same day he was executed, although at first it was planned that he would be tried. The executioners, however, were afraid that the whole world would follow the process, and this would draw attention to Cuba and to the ideas for which Comandante had fought.

Then local peasants said that after the execution he looked like Jesus Christ. Che became a legend far beyond Cuba. His image is still found on numerous T-shirts, signs, souvenirs. Is it good or bad? On the one hand, a person who fought against capitalism was made a “well-selling” image. On the other hand, people do not care, remembering him, cannot fail to recall his ideas.

And someone is still afraid of this image. Unfortunately, for the 90 anniversary of Che, the publication published a vile “Red Beast” opus, in which the commander was accused of cruelty and even that he had “smelled bad” (that is how much they had come down!). But slander cannot do its dirty deed - most commentators have expressed their disagreement with the opus. And this is significant. Years will pass, and very few people will remember And the image of the legendary Latin American revolutionary will remain immortal.

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  1. Vard
    Vard 18 June 2018 15: 29
    It smelled bad ... A man always doesn’t smell very good ... But office plankton smells good ... But honestly the most expensive ... These are not men ...
    1. Grandfather
      Grandfather 18 June 2018 17: 35
      how Russia needs its Che ... but alas, ah.
      1. Maki Avellevich
        Maki Avellevich 18 June 2018 22: 30
        Quote: Dead Day
        how Russia needs its Che ... but alas, ah.

        The European Championship was no more no less a restless adventurer.
        Was seeking adventure for him, running the state? it's boring, let Fidel, he loves this thing.
        how will this photogenic half-bandit help Russia?
        1. nesvobodnye
          nesvobodnye 19 June 2018 11: 49
          how will this photogenic half-bandit help Russia?

          Not Russia, but Israel. It's time for you to clean up for a long time.
      2. cost
        cost 20 June 2018 09: 50
        ... Now you are looking for a red banner with a fiery wind ... (Tol Miriam "Che Guevara")

        Like it or not, and his name has become a legend
    2. Raphael_83
      Raphael_83 18 June 2018 19: 39
      Quote: Vard
      But office plankton smells good ... But honestly the most expensive ... It's not men ...

      From the entire tribe of office corporate slaves, I fully agree with your position, no matter how humiliating it is for us. (sarcasm) winked However, a fair amount of truth is present in your assessment. Yes
      1. Vard
        Vard 18 June 2018 19: 57
        It was like that ... Transneft ... That’s where slavery is ... A working day of twelve ... thirteen hours ... on a day off ... no money or time off ... in terms of an hourly payment, the cleaner earned more. ..
        1. nesvobodnye
          nesvobodnye 19 June 2018 11: 50
          A few of my acquaintances about Transneft speak exactly like you.
  2. forty-eighth
    forty-eighth 18 June 2018 15: 37
    We learned to love you
    from the heights of the bereavement.
    You fell fearless as a soldier
    so death bowed before life.

    You are in the land of Santa Clara
    and where do we get warm now?
    The hot heart has cooled
    Commander Che Guevara!

    Now you're a fiery wind
    You will find the red banner.
    Our Ernesto is with us again!
    Your love has become light!

    And your heart is not silent
    and your blood has not cooled.
    Revolution wings
    for the right battle revealed.

    Where are you waiting for us all with a smile
    with a loss you will reconcile us.
    And there you shake hands with us.
    So until Eternity, our commander!

    And here in concrete blocks
    our Sierra Maestra.
    And we sing your songs
    Commander Che Guevara!

    (Tol Miriam "Che Guevara")
    One of the best Russian songs about the commandant. Very piercing. This is a replay of Hasta siempre, with adapted translation.
    1. Freeman
      Freeman 18 June 2018 17: 51
      forty-eighth (Dima) Today, 15:37
      One of the best Russian songs about the commandant. Very piercing. This is a replay of Hasta siempre, with adapted translation.

  3. Gnefredov
    Gnefredov 18 June 2018 15: 45
    I had the honor of communicating with a person who knows Che Guevara personally (this is still in the early eighties). There is nothing in common with real reality in that garbage article from Lenta! But such custom-made articles form young people's ideas about history. This is bad, very bad.
    1. japs
      japs 18 June 2018 17: 02
      Friends, we all know very well what and who specifically pours scum and rubbish on Soviet history, the heroes of those years. This is an attempt to form a generation of narrow-minded hamsters that will walk in formation and look only where they point.
      A lot of examples ... At least one - the neighboring Outskirts ...
      1. your1970
        your1970 21 June 2018 12: 12
        Quote: japs
        what and who specifically pours scum and scum on Soviet history, the heroes of those years.
        - to put it mildly - where did you see the SOVIET story next to Che Guevara? The USSR never supported Che - even illegally, did not supply weapons / money, did not send advisers ....
        Strange? He arrived, stood on the podium and that's all ....
        The USSR gave money / weapons / advisers to such scumbags African / Asian - and here DID NOT GIVE ANYTHING.
        Suggestive, not?
    2. Ingvar 72
      Ingvar 72 18 June 2018 17: 03
      So retell the words of an eyewitness. request
      1. Grandfather
        Grandfather 18 June 2018 17: 36
        Quote: Ingvar 72
        So retell the words of an eyewitness. request

        yes, yes ... wait, sir. Yes
  4. Freeman
    Freeman 18 June 2018 18: 05
    Years will pass ... And the image of the legendary Latin American revolutionary will remain immortal.

    In the image of Heroes - we want to see a reflection of ourselves ...
    Some leave, others
    Remain for centuries
    Who am I a careless little brook
    Or a deep river?

    What will the son say in years
    When he himself is already gray-haired
    What will be remembered about me
    And who will follow me?

    God give me strength
    To come up worthy
    To your line ...

  5. Gnefredov
    Gnefredov 18 June 2018 18: 57
    Quote: Ingvar 72
    So retell the words of an eyewitness. request

    Yes, actually there is nothing to retell. German Titov (astronaut number two) told me a lot about Cuba (I was still young then laughing ) Since I have the source (and about Fidel, incl.), It’s so easy to stir up my mind. And it’s not easy, either.
    The whole era was. Well ... what to tell that? Scraps of rust memories? I do not want. Well, if you tell, then you need to write some decent material, and if there is no material, then what is the meaning of great people, to disturb (even if they are in the next world), partial memories ...
  6. Raphael_83
    Raphael_83 18 June 2018 19: 40
    On the topic of the article: Commander Che deserves to be called the “last romantic of the Revolution,” for at the time when the elder Castro was engaged in small-town politics and friendship with the Soviets, and the younger was much more shameful affairs (and again, probably not without the support of the Soviets, though and it has never been proved) our hero really carried the idea of ​​the oppressed (whether objectively, or as he himself understood it - this is no longer important) and, unlike many of the rrevolutionaries who were sitting on civilian life, he himself experienced all the hardships and deprivations of campaigns, guerrilla warfare, fought alongside his comrades-in-arms and comrades, which by definition deserves respect.
    1. sxfRipper
      sxfRipper 19 June 2018 05: 25
      Che was trying to engage in a stupid export of revolution - here and there ... But even without any Marxism it is known that if the girl doesn’t catch fire, it’s too early to take off her dress ©
  7. Gnefredov
    Gnefredov 18 June 2018 20: 14
    Quote: japs
    Friends, we all know very well what and who specifically pours scum and rubbish on Soviet history, the heroes of those years. This is an attempt to form a generation of narrow-minded hamsters that will walk in formation and look only where they point.
    A lot of examples ... At least one - the neighboring Outskirts ...

    I am pleased to shake your hand.
  8. alekc73
    alekc73 18 June 2018 20: 19
    Che Guevara is a red rag for today's globalists. Ideas do not die .....
    1. cost
      cost 20 June 2018 09: 55
      Che guevaras come and go, and Fidel remains. That is life. She needs builders, not demolition
  9. Xander
    Xander 18 June 2018 23: 11
    And what is so mean in the article of the tape? By and large, the facts are presented there, and from various sources.

    Well, yes, he was a rebel, a good orator and a ringleader, but by and large he didn’t take part, he didn’t have enough health, he didn’t fight, he didn’t show heroism, he controlled tortures and executions. And he did it cruelly with claims to justice, equality and so on. And as soon as the opportunity appeared to really change something, he immediately began to sing that the office wasn’t for him and drove on, cut for the sake of cutting. And do not need these tales about the fact that he himself almost unloaded wagons with reeds, the family was well-off and the child grew up Spoiled sadist adventurer. Under such criteria, the romantics-revolutionaries and Khatab with Bin-Laden can easily fall, and that, also from wealthy families, are also supposedly revolutionaries who fought for justice, fighting against imperialism and colonialism.

    Why sing the freaks of different stripes? Just shit of different sorts.
    1. Galleon
      Galleon 19 June 2018 09: 59
      How many vicious words are addressed to the revolutionary. Because not a Jew? Well, scold us also Parvus, Sverdlov, Trotsky (forgot their real names)? There, be healthy what list ... Also
      rebels and good ringleaders
      led torture and executions with claims to justice, equality, etc.

      Your comment is not perceived as an independent judgment, it comes from a "corporate", or rather, national ethics.
      1. Xander
        Xander 19 June 2018 11: 02
        What an eerie bias. As they say, the highest level of discussion is when the opponent argues, tries to challenge using facts, and the main thing is that the case is all about the topic. Well, the lowest is shouting "Here you are a Jew, such and such, and therefore I am right!"

        Sail on the Galleon hi
    2. A. Privalov
      A. Privalov 19 June 2018 10: 35
      That's right!
      Although Che Guevara was the head of the prosecution authorities, many people became victims of executions without any legal proceedings whatsoever.
      The few demonstrative processes that nevertheless took place were a frank farce that terrified and disgusted all observers, even among the most ardent supporters of the revolution.
      The aforementioned Edwin Tetlow began to strongly doubt the veracity of his lofty expressions, having seen how guilty verdicts and death sentences are conveyed by conveyor lines, almost mechanically.
      All legal guarantees against the accused were canceled. "Partisan law." The investigative conclusion was considered irrefutable proof of the crime; the lawyer simply acknowledged the charges, but asked the government to show generosity and mitigate the punishment.
      Che Guevara instructed the judges: “There should be no red tape with legal proceedings. This is a revolution, the evidence is secondary. We must act by conviction. They are all - a gang of criminals and murderers. In addition, it should be remembered that there is an Appeals Tribunal. " The Appeals Tribunal, chaired by Che himself, did not cancel a single (!) Sentence.
  10. stroybat ZABVO
    stroybat ZABVO 19 June 2018 02: 03
    The journey began on December 29, 1951, when young people went to Chile on a motorcycle.

    Well, on the motorcycle, it’s really loud! This strument, even did not look like a moped .... Rather large with a motor.

    Victoria para siempre !!! Viva Che !!!
  11. Vard
    Vard 19 June 2018 04: 49
    Most of all, worms do not like romantics .. they can not be bought, intimidated or even used in their disgusting affairs ...
  12. sxfRipper
    sxfRipper 19 June 2018 05: 21
    the image of the legendary Latin American revolutionary will remain immortal.
    Among some purely concrete marginals, it is possible. No need to make an icon out of Che. He has never been to her. But there is a huge commercial empire, to the fullest using its image!
  13. The comment was deleted.
  14. hound
    hound 19 June 2018 12: 02
    And it seems to me that the eternal revolutionaries are just creatures. A revolution is impossible without blood, but when the revolution wins, THEORETICALLY you can try to build a happier society. But the revolutionaries are not interested, they are like adrenaline addicts. Therefore, if a person constantly needs blood to die around and so on, then he is not a scum. And if someone believes that for the happiness of thousands you can sacrifice at least a dozen lives, then let him start with himself and put a bullet in his dumb head.
    1. lukewarm
      lukewarm 20 June 2018 09: 38
      Do not worry you so. The revolution is such a thing that when it wins, it deals with its most odious creators. This time. In our thoroughly corrupt and pragmatic time, juvenile drugs and LGBT people have not remained the same and have not created new ideas that people would follow. Indeed, without the teachings and ideas that have seized the masses, this very “revolutionary” of yours is simply a terrorist. And “ryvalyutsyya”, when they put instead of a thieving condom through and through a corrupt oligarch, is also a coup d'etat, because the social system does not change. So do not worry - the bullets are fired at the head, and the commandant is NOT and IS NOT EXPECTED. You can exhale.
  15. iouris
    iouris 19 June 2018 13: 28
    There is a myth about romance, but there is evidence of Che's pathological inclinations, and the truth lies not in the middle. In short, historical objective research is needed, scientific work that can be discussed.
  16. free
    free 19 June 2018 19: 38
    One of the greatest revolutionary figures.
  17. lukewarm
    lukewarm 20 June 2018 09: 30
    In the last hours of his life, he said that the school is in poor condition, while officials drive expensive cars. “This is why we are fighting against this,” he said.

    And we vote for it. They are "patriots" !!!!
  18. Signaller
    Signaller 20 June 2018 20: 41
    Good start. but ended badly. Somewhere. for some independence. Question from the studio, what ?? Yes, from this American. We still can’t ignore this dependence. And he wanted with a gun. Well, as usual, an American bulldozer ran over him. (Exaggerated). But now, the banner of victory over the Americans ..
    As Lenin said, "We will go the other way." So let's go.
    1. ver_
      ver_ 21 June 2018 08: 15
      ... walk in Jewish ways - only Jews can ..
    2. lukewarm
      lukewarm 21 June 2018 09: 42
      Quote: Signaller
      As Lenin said, "We will go the other way." So let's go.

      There is a way for the state, but there is a personal choice of a particular person. Che did it and paid for it himself, but it is difficult to name our current path and path. Someone once told us where we are going and what we are building? On the contrary, it is called a chimera and is deleted from the constitution. We go with the flow and pretend that we control it. And then there was a time of the rise of the "red" idea, the successes of socialism, the struggle for the independence of the former colonies. Naturally, it might have seemed that victory was near.
      1. Signaller
        Signaller 21 June 2018 11: 19
        Not okay. He was a simple man who sensed the taste of killing,. command people, humiliate and the sweetness of owning guns in their hands. Like Colt said, "Equalizer." The goals of justice? Yes, maybe there is. But their goals .. and for each chela they are different. Everything else is romantic nonsense. Barry.
  19. Signaller
    Signaller 21 June 2018 11: 11
    Like a FETCH, yes. And as a "fighter for justice," a complete zero. We had such a sea after Afghanistan. Sick on the head wrestlers
  20. Igoresha
    Igoresha 21 June 2018 15: 40
    Give such a romance only the will ...
  21. Catfish
    Catfish 22 June 2018 20: 51
    Quote: Maki Avellevich
    Quote: Dead Day
    how Russia needs its Che ... but alas, ah.

    The European Championship was no more no less a restless adventurer.
    Was seeking adventure for him, running the state? it's boring, let Fidel, he loves this thing.
    how will this photogenic half-bandit help Russia?

    Yes, we here at home will figure out who we need. Do you call Che a "half-gangster"? You, an Israeli, whose one-eyed minister of defense was simply an outspoken bandit, for which you shook a term in a British prison. Fear your own god and do not make people laugh. laughing
    1. borberd
      borberd 2 July 2018 09: 33
      "Winded the term" for "illegal" in the opinion of the British, possession of weapons. If the British applied this article to everyone, then all Arabs and Bedouins would be in prison. But the shavers very selectively applied this only to fighters of Jewish self-defense units. So who exactly he was not, this is a bandit. Although the black blindfold gave him a pirate look.

      Che is not a bandit, he is a bandit and a sadist.