Military Review

Siberian Army of the Great War, or Seven facts about the Siberian shooters. H. 2

Fact No. 4. The command personnel of the Siberian rifle units and formations was, as a rule, on top.

Let us dwell only on some of its representatives.

Among the corps commanders, we would like to mention the commander of the 3 Sibac General of Infantry E. E. Radkevich. In the asset of the comcor - the victory in the First August operation 1914, the salvation of the 10 army from destruction in the Second August operation 1915, successful actions in the Vilna operation in September 1915 (in one of the promising articles, we will definitely dwell on the actions of one of the best com-corps of the Russian army).

E. A. Radkevich.

As well as commanders of the SibAk – 2 general from the infantry A.V. Sychevsky (in 1914 - May 1915) and the SibAk-1 general from the cavalry MM Pleshkov (1914 - July 1917).

A.V. Sychevsky.

M.M. Pleshkov.

And among the commanders - Lieutenant-General M. A. Folbaum (October 24 - September 29 1915 - Head of the 3 ssd), Lieutenant-General K. R. Dovbor-Musnitsky (in 1914 - January 1917, the Head 14- ssd), Lieutenant General P.A. Andreeva (in 1914 - October 1915, the head of 13 th ssd).

M.A. Folbaum.

K.R. Dovbor-Musnitsky.

Siberian Army of the Great War, or Seven facts about the Siberian shooters. H. 2

P. A. Andreev.

And the head of 5 Siberian, Lieutenant-General A. A. Taube became the Knight of St. George weapons for successful defense on r. Ravke with 04. 12. 1914 g. - 02. 01. 1915 g. - and was in the battle line and was contused. The aggressive attacks of the enemy were repulsed, and the positions were saved. At the head of the entrusted division, the general fought against Gerardov, Prasnysh, Novogeorgievsk, and Holm.

A. A. Taube.

The regimental commanders and officers were brilliant - in addition to showing high professional qualities, personal valor and self-sacrifice.

The commander of the 14 Siberian Regiment, Colonel Iosif Nikolaevich Khuramovich [Getz V. Death in brotherly embrace // Sentry. Brussels. May 1962. No. 432 (5). C. 17.] was killed by a shell break.

For the battle under the Groytsy Order of St. George 3 degree 30. 01. 1915 was awarded the commander of the 16 Siberian Rifle - Colonel Stanislav Rozansky, who attacked the Germans with the last surviving 50 arrows. The colonel died from the wounds of 7 in October 1914.

S.M. Rozhansky.

The commanders of the 20 and 16 of the Siberian regiments, Colonels D. M. Mikhailov and K. K. Bork, distinguished themselves during the Second Prasnysh operation. During the latter, “The difficult and demanding task of the 2 Siberian Corps was crowned with success thanks to the outstanding valor and energy of commanders: the division chiefs Lieutenant General Krause and Taube, then the regimental commanders, especially 14 Siberian Colonel Dovbor-Musnitsky and 19- th Siberian Colonel Kushelevsky. Both colonels were out of action, wounded. ”[RGVIA. F. 2279. Op. 1. d. 245. L. 43.].

We wrote about the commander of the 43 Siberian Regiment, Colonel A. A. Berezina, who fell under Soldaus, (see Special circumstances. Part of 1).

And you can continue.

We will reproduce only 2 orders characterizing the courage and military professionalism of one of the Siberian shooters - mounted reconnaissance.

1) By the troops of the 2 Army of the Western Front dated 13 in May 1916, No. 127.
“Based on paragraph 2 Art. 415 provisions for the field control of troops in wartime and Art. Art. 25 and 121 of the Statute of the Imperial Military Order of the Holy Great Martyr and Victorious George and the St. George's Arms attributed to him, who had particularly brilliant feats of courage and bravery and was awarded the Duma - awarded the Order of St. George IV. 1916. May 13 of the day Head of the 37 equestrian reconnaissance team of the Siberian rifle regiment, 4 of the Uhlan Kharkov regiment, lieutenant von Richter Vladimir.

2) From the Order No. 56 of January 30 1916 on the 10 of the Siberian Rifle Division. “The head of the 37 equestrian reconnaissance team of the Siberian Rifle Regiment, 4 of the Uhlan Kharkov Regiment, Lieutenant Von Richter Vladimir, is presented by me to the award of the Order of St. George IV, Art. on the basis of pp pp. 9, 19, 24 and 26 of the St. George Statute ... one of the most important tasks, besides checking the forces and location of the enemy, was to find out what the work of the Germans on the shore of Lake Naroch is, how much their barrage across the lake. ... Lieutenant Richter moved from the village of Ready and penetrated into the rear of the enemy. As a result: a) in an environment of exceptional difficulty and the same danger, he made reconnaissance of the enemy’s fortifications and obstacles arranged in front of him and passes through them, deep in the enemy’s rear, b) the first one broke into the fortifications and thus drew others behind him , explosions destroyed the dugout, the fortification and its defenders; 25 Germans killed, the rest taken prisoner and brought into our position, d) being seriously wounded and threatened by the strongest enemy, refused to surrender, took part until the last moment in the conduct of the battle, brought out of it in a timely manner all people like 4's seriously injured and 3-x easily and did not leave the enemy trophies. ... the assignment was executed under the most difficult conditions, sealed with blood and, being quite successful, brought undoubted benefit in studying the enemy and exterminating part of his forces and means. The very departure from the place where the enemy was beaten: first he took the prisoners, then he brought out all his wounded and the last was taken out, holding his rifle, Lieutenant Richter. The retreat continued under enemy fire from 3 hours of the night until 8 hours of the morning. All this makes lieutenant von Richter’s foray into a future example for tactics books in the future. ”

One can also recall the exploits of Ya. T. Sergeev, lieutenant colonel of 21 Siberian (see On horseback - on guns), and many other officers and lower ranks.

Look at the faces of the officers and soldiers of the Siberian infantry units - only some of the heroes of the Great War.

5 fact. Documents about the exploits of the Siberian shooters paint outstanding paintings.

So, in the pouring rain, the commander of 30 Siberian Colonel M. V. Izhitsky moved the regiment into a bayonet attack. The attack also infused the neighboring parts. And 30-th Siberian, silently and unceasingly, like an avalanche, moved toward the goal - and almost unhindered: as if on cue, the Germans cleared the road to the regiment, firing into the air and hurriedly departing. Obviously, the very appearance of the regiment going on the attack was so impressive that the enemy did not run the risk of encountering breasts with Russians. T. o. without a shot, the regiment passed to the settlements of Stocky - and even the Germans abandoned the village suitable for stubborn defense. In 20 hours without a single shot, the regiment returned Stocks, and the ring was opened.

And the September 19, even under the fear of death, in no case could it be possible to retreat before the Germans, who were bursting together with all their might. And the valiant regiment led by his brave commander carried out the order. 3-th day, almost sleeping arrows step by step, retreating in the rain of shrapnel, bursting over the treetops. The faint of heart could not stand this hell and rushed through the forest like mad. The officers grabbed them by the collars and, shaking them, they brought to life. By personal example, stopping the retreat and organizing his companies, MV Izhitsky acted astride.

He decided to throw everything that was at hand into the bayonet attack. The words of the commanders, heartily, inspired the fighters, and the 3 battalion harmoniously moved forward - and the forest was announced with a powerful “Hurray”. The enemy did not expect such a turn, and the nearest resistance line of the Germans was raised to bayonets - only a few Germans managed to escape. But other lines of the bayonet strike did not take at all - and “like hares scared by dogs, they ran away from the Siberian shooters who were striving for them with a hurricane.” The 3 th battalion supported the 1 th and 4 th - and the attack became a general [[Kodinets A. Decree. cit].

Documents we have at our disposal - for example, the ZhDD of the 18 Siberian Rifle Regiment

or materials from the funds of the Trophy Commission

they allow you to see (even if fragmentary) - how effectively and bravely the Siberians acted.

So, the loss of parts of 18-th SSU in battle [RGVIA. F. 3352. Op. 1. L. 2] July 4 1915 was 365 people. Moreover, the regiment kept under enemy artillery fire, literally burying entire units in the trenches as in graves - but, letting the Germans in, the Siberians mowed down the enemy with machine gun fire and went into bayonet attacks - which the enemy could not withstand. In that battle in a bayonet attack, Ensign Kruglyshkin died and staff captain Konovalov was wounded (remaining in the ranks). The bayonet attack allowed the 2 company of the Absheron regiment, previously captured by the Germans, to be released.

And in the battle of Prasnysh 10 - 15 February 1915, during the 14 offensive, the 3 machine gun and up to a thousand prisoners were captured. They distinguished themselves: staff captain Semenov, Lieutenant Colonel Boreysh, Lieutenant Kozin, Ensign Vakhtrame, Second Lieutenant Kucherov [RGVIA. F. 16180. D. 63. L. 1]. 10 July of the same year in places. Piask regiment was captured 3 machine gun and 9-gun howitzer battery. The guns were disabled - the battery was left with the locks removed. In this case, Captain Kochisov, Lieutenant Colonel Boreysh and Lieutenant Tkhostov distinguished themselves [Ibid.].

The list can be very long. And we will certainly pay attention to the feats of units and formations of the Russian army, as well as its ranks.

6 fact. The qualities of the Siberian shooters were highly valued by both their own and the enemy.

For example, officer G. F. Tanutorov recalled: “I saw our Siberian regiments passing along the Uyazdov alley. The crowd enthusiastically greeted them, threw cigarettes to the soldiers. What good fellows are these Siberians ”[Tanutorov F.F. Light and shadows of the Caucasus. From Tiflis to Paris. M., 2000. C. 171.]. Another source noted that when the Russian regiment was in position, the Germans put up 2 sentries, and as soon as they learned that the Siberian had approached, they put out 20 [Serebrennikov I. I. Undergoing fate blows. Diary 1914-18's. Irkutsk, 2008. C. 206]. And if some Russian soldier from the trench “for cheerfulness” babakhat more often, then the Siberian shooter beats rarely and accurately ”[Turkul A.V. Drozdovtsy on fire. Munich, 1948. C. 10.].

The Austrian brochure of the Informative Department of the High Command in January 1917 reported on the “great combat experience”, “combat trials” and “high combat reputation” of the overwhelming majority of Siberian rifle divisions [Grinev G. Evaluation of the Austrians of Russian troops to the beginning of 1917. // Military Story. No. 128. C. 17.].

And G. Blumentrit, who was a lieutenant of the 1914 th (71 th Thuringian) infantry regiment in 3, recalled that after the first attacks on the Russian front, the Germans quickly realized that they were confronted with completely different soldiers than the Belgians and French - more harsh, with more strong determination and fighting spirit. And even among them, the "Siberian Corps" and "Asian troops" were "much harder" [].

7 fact. Siberian rifle units spawned their own particular folklore.

We will cite only a few poems of Siberian officers.

These texts are given in the works of the commander of 6-th SPC, Colonel V. I. Seifulin.

And, of course, one cannot but remember the famous March of Siberian Riflemen, which was released in 1915.

March of the Siberian shooters. 1915

Thus, in general, all Siberian infantry units confirmed and multiplied the brilliant reputation earned back in the Russian-Japanese. And Russia can be proud of such troops.

Articles from this series:
Siberian Army of the Great War, or 7 facts about Siberian arrows. H. 1

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  1. Mar.Tirah
    Mar.Tirah 16 June 2018 04: 46
    Not long ago I only found out that “Along the valleys and on the hills” is a redone tune “The March of Siberian Riflemen.” Like the USSR’s anthem, converted to the anthem of modern Russia, it was used for political purposes. Thanks to the author for publishing the history of our state .. I always look with fascination on old photos. The more historical.
    1. 210ox
      210ox 16 June 2018 06: 56
      Yes, Oleg .. "Only the gray hat is famously knocked on the back of a beard ... Siberians are going into a formidable cloud .." Thanks for the article. I noticed that there were many officers with German roots in the Imperial Russian Army. They fought not for fear but for conscience. His Motherland ..
      Quote: Mar. Tira
      Not long ago I only found out that “Along the valleys and on the hills” is a redone tune “The March of Siberian Riflemen.” Like the USSR’s anthem, converted to the anthem of modern Russia, it was used for political purposes. Thanks to the author for publishing the history of our state .. I always look with fascination on old photos. The more historical.
      1. Mar.Tirah
        Mar.Tirah 16 June 2018 08: 26
        Greetings to Dima! I also noticed that among the devoted, selfless defenders of Russia there were many people with non-Russian surnames. So the whole thing was not in nationality, but in upbringing, worldview. By the way, the Soviet Army also had a lot of people of other nationalities. Well and the habitat (harsh Siberia) also made itself felt, tempered a person physically. There is no time to rebel, go out to the square now. You need to survive and work hard physically. What can we say about those times. Therefore, their faces are so harsh, and figures to robust.
        1. tasha
          tasha 16 June 2018 14: 16
          Maybe the attitude to the word was different? Oath, honor ...
      2. Royalist
        Royalist 16 June 2018 16: 00
        OKV, I myself noticed that among the officers there were many with German surnames. Lieutenant von Richter really liked me. It would be generally fun if among the German officers, against the 37th regiment, there were Richters too.
        1. Adjutant
          Adjutant 16 June 2018 16: 30
          Kill me, I don’t remember where, but there was a gorgeous article about Russian Germans.
          Already Russified (and the Germans, after all, are almost instantly milking) - but faithfully serving Russia. Moreover - entire service dynasties, and almost since the time of Peter.
          So the Russian Richter may be more Russian than the German Richter - German wink
          1. Albatroz
            Albatroz 16 June 2018 16: 40
            Especially many Russian "Germans" lived in the Baltic states, Poland and the western provinces of Russia
            1. Paranoid50
              Paranoid50 17 June 2018 01: 44
              Quote: Albatroz
              Especially many Russian "Germans" lived in the Baltic states, Poland and the western provinces of Russia

              Volga region. The 154th SD, in which my grandfather fought, was formed in Ulyanovsk. In addition to the Russians, Tatars, Chuvashs, Mordovians, the division also included about 600 Volga Germans, in particular, the NS division was Lt. Col. B.G. Weintraub. The division received baptism of fire on 13.07.1941 in Belarus (battles for Zhlobin and Rogachev) ... The battle path of the 154th Infantry (from March 1943 - the 47th Guards) ended in Berlin.
  2. tasha
    tasha 16 June 2018 06: 35
    Thanks to the author for interesting material. I can only add that the Trans-Baikal Cossack Brigade, among which the Buryats, who were assigned to the Cossack estate, served and fought among the 2 Siberian Army Corps, among others. For example, Ayur Rinchinovich Sakiyaev is a full St. George cavalier, a scorer of the 4th Transbaikal Cossack battery ...
  3. Russian jacket
    Russian jacket 16 June 2018 06: 53
    Thank you, informative and interesting .... hi
  4. Adjutant
    Adjutant 16 June 2018 07: 28
    Moreover, even among them, the Siberian Corps and the Asian Forces were "much harder"

    By Asian troops, as I understand it, we mean the Turkestan corps
    Our homeland was lucky for such troops good
  5. Olgovich
    Olgovich 16 June 2018 07: 45
    Look at the faces of the officers and soldiers of the Siberian infantry units - only some of the heroes of the Great War.

    How wonderful our ancestors were!
    Huge respect to them for their military work and the deepest bow hi
    1. tasha
      tasha 16 June 2018 13: 29
      I agree with you. Only now they also made a revolution ..

      Here is a quote from the book of M.V. Shilovsky mentioned by me
      “During the war, representatives of various officer groups, primarily personnel and wartime, gradually realized the need for a radical change in the situation in the country in order to achieve victory. Their creed was expressed by the Siberian, Lieutenant Colonel A. N. Pepelyaev, who declared:“ ... My banner in the German war was - the victory and greatness of Russia. For this, I did not spare my life, but the reality turned out to be different; battle regiments were dumbly dying, melting new replenishment, the army did not receive ammunition and shells ... The question arose: who is to blame? the government is not capable of organizing the defense of the country. Therefore, like most officers, I calmly met the February Revolution and the abdication of Nikolai Romanov from the throne. "

      I mean what, in fact .. I read your comments with interest, even sometimes trying to argue. Only you are extremely categorical in your judgments .. Your conviction sometimes borders on paranoia, do not be angry .. But is it necessary?

      Something I have a mood, pacified, pacified .. Here is a viral song for you
      and photos of fighters of the 5 Siberian Rifle Regiment from the same book. On the left, which one is hit ...
      1. Olgovich
        Olgovich 17 June 2018 07: 00
        Quote: tasha
        I agree with you. Only now they also made a revolution ..

        Lying, they were neither in St. Petersburg nor in Moscow in the tragic days of October.
        Quote: tasha
        I read your comments with interest, sometimes even try to argue. Only you already extremely categorical in his judgment ..

        I do not think so. And your assessment is very “interesting” to me, yes. lol I note only that comments, according to the Rules, serve to discuss the topic of the article, and not personal assessments.
        Quote: tasha
        Conviction your sometimes with paranoia borders

        No one is more convinced of the paranoia of others, like a sick person himself. This is a known rule. Think about it yes
        Quote: tasha
        Something in my mood is pacified-pacified.

        That's it: what I'm talking about ... lol
        1. tasha
          tasha 17 June 2018 07: 06
          Who voluntarily confesses something? Bad dumb .. winked
          Look on the Internet for collections of questions and answers by Fedor Lisitsin. Learn a lot of new and interesting ...
          1. Olgovich
            Olgovich 17 June 2018 07: 15
            Quote: tasha
            Who is voluntary confessessomething? Bad dumb

            Duc to me and unnecessarily yes
            Quote: tasha
            Look on the Internet for collections of questions and answers by Fedor Lisitsin. Learn a lot of new and interesting ...

            This is
            HANDETS came to any DotA
            -can be interesting? No.
            Not for me.... No.
            1. tasha
              tasha 17 June 2018 07: 22
              Lisitsyn's style is peculiar, but there is a lot of knowledge. It will not be worse.
              1. Olgovich
                Olgovich 17 June 2018 07: 45
                Quote: tasha
                Lisitsyn's style is peculiar, but also a lot of knowledge. .

                And who does not have them? yes
                1. tasha
                  tasha 17 June 2018 08: 01
                  I have no doubt in your knowledge. There will be more...
  6. kan123
    kan123 16 June 2018 09: 57
    The Russian army completely screwed up - they didn’t have enough weapons in the Crimean war - rifled at the British fired for a thousand, and so on - they only ran courage - the Napoleonic war - Kutuzov didn’t even try to fight - and it was Suvorov’s - the attacking chief - it never crossed his mind , to set up such an army, against Bonaparte - and also the 1st World War, the Japanese War - the army of the kings surrendered everything that was possible. All victories began with the reorganization of society - the dissolution of the army, and the formation of a new army - the Red Army. Such things need to be understood - it would be logical to write about the seven divisions that came near Moscow in 1941 - they made an absolute advantage, against the Wehrmacht. The Germans went cold, they were beaten by Siberians in sheepskin coats, by the face, "you have not seen winter yet."
    1. Serg65
      Serg65 16 June 2018 10: 26
      Quote: kan123
      Such things need to be understood - it would be logical to write about the seven divisions that came near Moscow in 1941

      Right! And besides, the history of Russia began in October 17 th !!!!!!!
    2. Royalist
      Royalist 16 June 2018 16: 31
      Kan, I categorically disagree with you: 1) "Kutuzov did not even try to fight," yeah, he calmly dozed himself as Tolstoy wrote, and Napoleon walked back and forth. In the Second World War, Stalin liked how Kutuzov dozed and created the order of his name. 2) Carefully read Tarle about the Crimean War and think: why the Paris Treaty, like then Portsmouth, was quite liberal. So RA inspired respect?
      3) Kuropatkin’s indecision saved the Japanese from OJ. It is known that the question of the appointment of Field Marshal Gurko as the commander in chief was considered. If this happened, then the OW would have ended with the opposite result. And so for the Japanese, a karachun was approaching.
      Regarding PMV, the site has a lot of materials by Samsonov and the author which indicate that not everything is so simple
      1. Siberian 63
        Siberian 63 16 June 2018 19: 36
        Yes, he had read the homicidal libels of Troitsky about Kutuzov, or worse than that, had seen enough TV op.
  7. Albatroz
    Albatroz 16 June 2018 10: 43
    On behalf of the Siberians and descendants of the latter (I hope everyone else) - ATP for an interesting article.
    Such facts need to be known, remembered and honored.
  8. soldier
    soldier 16 June 2018 12: 12
    It turns out that the Siberians at least twice saved the capital of Russia - Warsaw (the 3rd capital of the empire) in 1914 and Moscow (the 1st capital of the USSR) in 1941. It is very interesting.
    The third time (during the Civil War) they did not reach Moscow.
    But God loves the Trinity - maybe even for the third time the Siberians will save some of the 2 remaining capitals (Moscow, St. Petersburg), unless of course Warsaw is again made our third capital laughing
  9. tasha
    tasha 16 June 2018 13: 00
    To everyone who is interested in this topic, I recommend the book by M.V. Shilovsky "The First World War of the 1914-1918 and Siberia."
  10. OAV09081974
    16 June 2018 14: 07
    I would like to recommend the work of my friend and colleague of Irkutsk professor Pavel Novikov to all interested in the topic of the participation of Siberians in WWI:
    "Siberian army corps in the First World War", as well as "Divisions from Irkutsk in the battles of the First World War" (in the latter case it is 7 and 12). Detailed, high-quality, informative.
    Best regards hi
    1. Gopnik
      Gopnik 19 June 2018 14: 13
      And where can I get them?
      1. OAV09081974
        19 June 2018 17: 10
        You can type in google:
        Pavel Novikov Siberian army corps in the First World War. She even in pdfk is, and is downloaded.
        Yes, and the second as well. Pavel Novikov Divisions from Irkutsk in the battles of the First World War
        1. Gopnik
          Gopnik 20 June 2018 13: 47
          Thank you very much!
  11. Royalist
    Royalist 16 June 2018 16: 56
    The author, thank you for the work and photos. I liked: Nesterovich, from the 25th Siberian Regiment, - a kind of tired hard worker. And Colonel Alekseev, the commander of the 44th Siberian military school, looks like an expert-wise teacher or stupid doctor. He would have a pince-nez: "our friend, what hurts you?
  12. Siberian 63
    Siberian 63 16 June 2018 19: 32
    This is the texture ... heroes, not we .........
  13. Siberian 63
    Siberian 63 16 June 2018 19: 44
  14. Sloboda0
    Sloboda0 18 June 2018 09: 47
    A bunch of faces with painfully familiar features and not one ... of the same, who are then great “commanders and commanders” and which like the deceased are either good or impossible to mention even in the bustle.