Rhodesian chuck for battle
In some other states, the fate of shotguns was different. For example, in the USA, which undoubtedly belongs to the palm in the use of smoothbore as a combat and police weapon, sheriffs used shotguns with shortened trunks with might and main long before John Moses Browning created a series of his remarkable rapid-fire rifles. By the way, they could be found in some police departments of this country in the 60 years of the last century.
Today, combat shotguns are the most common weapon after police pistols in the United States. Despite the fact that the cops themselves, judging by the polls, most of them prefer submachine guns or assault carbines to shotguns, the authorities try to equip them with smooth-bore guns, referring to the fact that the kind of policeman with a carbine irritates the population and that the assault weapons require more high level of professionalism. To this it must be added that the pump-action shotguns, which are in service with most police departments, are much cheaper than most submachine guns and assault carbines.
Even despite the fact that in recent years, US police departments have purchased a large number of army assault rifles and carbines on military sales, a smooth-bore weapon continues to occupy a prominent place in the arsenals of American law enforcement officers. There are shotguns and armed with Canadian and British police, they are widely distributed in Latin America.
They came out of a hunting niche in Russia, becoming a legitimate weapon of self-defense and armament of employees of private security firms. And even found limited use in the system of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.
In favor of the use of combat rifles they say the following features:
• the charge of a large fraction allows you to hit the enemy in an urbanized area without the fear that the projectile, breaking through the wall covering, could hit third parties;
• the range of the projectile, and, accordingly, the destruction of smooth-bore weapons is much lower than that of rifled weapons, which also makes its use more preferable in settlements where there is a high risk of destruction from a stray bullet;
• A wide range of ammunition (including non-lethal) and special projectiles can be used in a smooth-bore weapon for kicking doors and throwing “cats”;
• combat shotguns in the short range make it possible to create a density of fire comparable to that of an automatic weapon;
• Lead bullets and shotguns have a significantly lower possibility of rebounding than rifled shell bullets;
• to destroy the elements of a car engine, you can use special ammunition (the so-called "karstop").
However, there is a smoothbone and a number of restrictions, even in the self-defense-police-niche. Traditionally used for these purposes, 12 caliber has a powerful "energy", in some cases, excessive, and somewhat complicating the rate of fire from a pump-action shotgun, especially for the not-too-experienced shooter.
In addition, at ultrashort combat distances, at which the lion’s share of all fire contacts of self-defenders, security guards and policemen takes place, the main advantage of the grapeshot or large fraction remains undisclosed - it flies to 15 meters almost as a bullet, in a dense sheaf. That is, contrary to common misconception, shooting “in the direction of” will most likely be shooting past.
To solve these problems, a special type of ammunition was invented - the so-called Rhodesian cartridge. It is equipped in a special way - the weight of the projectile and the weight of gunpowder in comparison with the standard ones is reduced by at least half. Instead of the usual wad or wad-container, a projectile is separated from the powder only by a thick, usually kapron or polyethylene gasket with a thickness of 2-3 mm, and the projectile itself consists of different-sized cartridges. Four X-NUMX mm cartographic boxes are laid down, and on top there are seven X-NUMX-mm cartilage boxes. For his equipment, as a rule, quick-burning and sharp powder are used.
Such an arrangement of the projectile ensures its maximum dispersion after exiting the barrel, since larger and heavier ratchets break up a bundle of smaller canister. In the network you can find a legend about the origin of this cartridge, according to which it was invented by "white hunters" for shooting short-circuited in the Rhodesian jungle. When fired, a small canister or large fraction ejected from the barrel first cuts off branches and vines, clearing the path of the large canister.
However, this version, from the point of view of ballistics, seems doubtful, and for Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe), the bush is more characteristic than jungle.
Most likely, this cartridge was invented for firing at the enemy at ultrashort distances offhand or from the hip, without careful targeting, for which there is simply no time.
It is also important that the return from such a cartridge is almost two times lower than from conventional 12 ammunition of caliber, which allows you to make several shots in a row without significant removal of the gun from the aiming line.
This is of particular importance for the shooting of "cruisers" - pump pistols with pistol grip instead of the butt, or the edges, which in some countries are not considered a criminal weapon.
Another very important point is the length of the Rhodesian cartridge, which, due to the characteristics of the equipment, is 32-40 mm. That allows you to charge in the podstvolny shop "pump" 8-10, and even more rounds.
All this makes this cartridge very popular with police and private security guards in the United States and several other countries. In the US market, the Rhodesian “Minishells” cartridges of the Mexican company “Aguila” are very popular; they are sealed with an “asterisk”, 32 mm long, with the weight of the projectile 19 grams.
It should be noted that such cartridges are usually not suitable for use in semi-automatic rifles and require specific reloading techniques in some “pumps”: smoother forerunners.
In our country, such cartridges are equipped independently by some enthusiasts. On sale they will not meet, and it is difficult to assume that they are in great demand. The policemen and guards are armed with completely different weapons, and as for self-defense, practice shows that most often there is just one shot. After that, the self-defense problems begin a completely different order.
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