Military Review

Rifles by countries and continents. Part of 17. Erik Eklunda automatic rifle

20
Last time we stopped at a relatively “ancient” Norwegian rifle, after first describing the later samples of the Swedish army’s rifles ... So, we can say that because of the “fluctuations of the information field”, our “time machine” throws it there, then here. And then there was Maxim’s machine guns, which, incidentally, was also engaged in rifles ... But in this case, what’s important is that, around the year 1890, several famous gunsmiths like Hiram Maxim, John Moses Browning and von Mannlicher decided that there comes a time for so-called automatic rifles. And an automatic rifle is primarily a self-loading rifle. In appearance, and the overall design, size and weight, it looks like an ordinary rifle with manual loading. But it only shoots much more often than usual! However, the military around the world at that time were not interested in self-loading rifles. They were pleased with the five-shot magazine rifles, which were durable and reliable. They wanted the soldiers to save ammunition, and not to burn in white light, like a lot of money!



Swedish automatic rifle Ag m / 42B 6,5x55 mm. Pay attention to the gas compensator holes on the trunk, to the front sight. (Army Museum, Stockholm)

Nevertheless, automatic rifles began to be developed, and during the First World War, attempts were made to arm them with infantry in France and Russia.


German rifle Automatgevär M1943. (Army Museum, Stockholm)

In Sweden, interest in a semi-automatic rifle awoke only in 1938. Initially, several designers led by Eric Walberg tried to convert conventional rifles into semi-automatic ones. But it turned out that nothing will come of it. An interesting project came from the Finnish captain Pelo. He offered a rifle with recoil barrel in its short course. This system is very reliable, but heavy due to the design features.

But Ag m / 42, designed by Eric Eklund from AB CJ Ljungmans Verkstäder in Malmö around 1941 of the year and accepted into mass production at Carl Gustafs Stads Gevärsfaktori in Eskilstuna in 1942, turned out to be weaponsthat ... the Swedish military liked. And for the Swedish army they were made about 30 000 units. In general, a bit, while the Swedish rifle’s standard rifle remained a 6,5-mm m / 96 Mauser.


An early type of ribbing on the cover of an Ag m / 42 rifle receiver.

The Norwegian “police forces” who studied in Sweden during World War II also received Ag m / 42s and brought them to Norway after the German occupation units surrendered to the Allies in 1945. These rifles until a later version Ag m / 42B (and later appeared such) were not modified.

This work was carried out in the period from 1953 to 1956 year, and the recycled rifles were designated Ag m / 42B. This sample received a stainless steel gas tube, two characteristic handles on the receiver's lid, new stores and a new ramrod. The Ag m / 42B rifle in the middle of the 1960s, in turn, was replaced by AK4 (a G3 rifle received from Heckler & Koch).

At the beginning of the 1950-s, a license for the production of Ag m / 42B was sold to Egypt, as a result of which the Hakim rifle was released, which used the 7,92 × 57 mm Mauser cartridge. Sweden also sold factory equipment to Egypt, so Hakim was manufactured on the same machines as the Swedish rifle. In the end, “Hakim” was converted into a carbine under the Soviet cartridge 7,62 × 39 mm, which was called “Rashid”.


Such amusing “horns” appeared on the Ag m / 42В modification.

TTX rifle: caliber - 6,5 mm; barrel length - 1217 mm; barrel length - 637 mm; number of rifling barrels - 6; weight - 4,1 kg; magazine capacity - 10 cartridges 6,5х55 mm; sighting range - 700 m.


From top to bottom: Ag m / 42В, “Hakim” and “Rashid”, on which a completely normal shutter handle has already appeared.

Well, now consider this rifle a little more. Very original and interesting sample. To begin with, the Swedish army weapon always had a certain originality, primarily relating, as noted in one of the preceding materials, to shooting accuracy. Actually, they somehow did not want to create their own weapons, so the Swedish army was armed with Mauser rifles and Nagant's revolvers. Mauser rifles and Nagan's revolvers were taken into service ... Much, even in what they already did, they borrowed. For example, in the Ag m / 42 rifle they used a number of ideas from our SVT-38, which interested them in the most obvious way. But at the same time, the Swedes did not plan to re-equip their army with fully automatic rifles: the main weapons of the infantry were still Mauser rifles. The bayonet on Ag m / 42, by the way, was used from the same “Swedish Mauser”.


Cover instructions on how to handle the Ag m / 42B rifle and how to handle it.

Rifles by countries and continents. Part of 17. Erik Eklunda automatic rifle

And here about how to use the fuse, fasten the bayonet and all the necessary accessories.

As for the originality and differences of Ag m / 42 from the CBT, in Lyngman (this is also called the rifle by the name of the company where its creator worked), the first of these is: the rifle does not have a gas piston. As in М16, and МАС49, powder gases are simply discharged from the barrel through the tube to the front part of the bolt, and they press on it, throwing it back. As it turned out later, this only worsened the accuracy of the rifle fight, which began to fall as the barrel heated up when fired. The lack of a gas regulator has led to the fact that the rifle has become sensitive to the quality of the cartridges.


Diagram of a gas engine rifle Ag m / 42.

Interestingly, in the detachable magazine to the Ag m / 42В rifle, they put not one, but just two locks of the magazine, both in the front and in the back. Working with them is not very convenient. Therefore, it is easier to charge the rifle from the holder, alternately inserting them one by one on top. Why Eklund did just that is hard to say. In addition, the rifle comes with just one magazine. So it is better not to lose it under any circumstances. Although ... well, what the Swedes were greedy? Well done at least ... two!


Above the opening of the chamber is clearly visible pipe from which the powder gases flow.

Since the cartridge for the flangeless rifle, in this respect it is more convenient than our ABC-36 and CBT. But it is very difficult to put it into action. Rather, not difficult, but you need to know how to do it. Intuitively charge and shoot Ag m / 42V will not work!


That's how the rifle is charged from the holder. Cartridges without welts, this, of course, is very convenient in all respects.

The fact is that in order to charge it, you need to take the conical protrusions on the cover of the receiver and push it forward until it stops, although usually it is customary to move all the moving parts in the weapon during the loading process! Cover the receiver at the same time engages with the bolt carrier. Now the bolt band, that is, the frame with the lid, should be fed back. Now you can fill the magazine with cartridges from the clips, or insert the already filled one at the bottom and move the bolt group back and forth a little. As a result, the cover with the slide frame will be disengaged, and the return spring will send it forward. The cartridge is sent, the barrel bore is locked by tilting the back of the bolt down, and the lid remains behind. Only now the rifle can be considered ready to fire.


Shop Ag m / 42 rifle.

Such a clearly sophisticated design requires considerable practice and is supposedly intended to prevent its use if it is in the hands of the enemy. Of course, it can be said that the weapons of the opposite side are usually studied in advance, but in this case it is clearly not enough to “study” such a non-trivial mechanism. There will need to be constant training, so as not to forget in battle, that where and in what sequence to move!


Shop Ag m / 42V rifle.

Many shooters say that the gas stream from the gas tube gets into the face when firing, and this is somewhat annoying. It is very distracting when aiming and unusual, sticking to the side "horns" on the cover of the receiver of this rifle.


Device for shooting blank cartridges, screwed on the barrel.

True, the recoil when shooting is small, as well as tossing the muzzle of the barrel, since the rifle's mass is significant and its balance is good. The sight, calibrated from 100 to 700 m, is convenient with 100 m pitch. So, in general, you can shoot from this rifle and hit the target, but you need to adapt to it well, otherwise you can get hurt with it ...

To be continued ...
Author:
Articles from this series:
Rifles by countries and continents. "And then push the cartridge with your finger ..." (Part of 16)
Rifles by countries and continents. Rifles heirs of the Vikings. Continued (part of 15)
Rifles by countries and continents. Viking Heirs Rifles (part 14)
Rifles by countries and continents. Mauser from Radom and Mauser Verguero (part 13)
Rifles, palm trees and dictators. Mausera Central America and the Caribbean Islands (Rifles by countries and continents - 12)
Rifles by countries and continents. Part of 11. Like a ross rifle, I almost became Huot's machine gun.
The same "Spencer." Rifles by country and continent - 10
Rifles for South America (Rifles by countries and continents - 9)
Rifles - the heiress of revolver guns (Rifles by countries and continents - 8)
Great Gun Drama USA (Rifles by Countries and Continents - 7)
Great Gun Drama USA (Rifles by Countries and Continents - 6)
Great Gun Drama USA (Rifles by Countries and Continents - 5)
Great Gun Drama USA (Rifles by Countries and Continents - 4)
Great Gun Drama USA (Rifles by Countries and Continents - 3)
Great Gun Drama USA (Rifles by Countries and Continents - 2)
Rifle for Simo Hyahuya (continuation of the theme “Rifles by countries and continents” - 1)
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  1. hohol95
    hohol95 14 June 2018 16: 11 New
    +1
    Dear Vyacheslav Olegovich! And do you have any "accidentally" information on these very -
    Norwegian "police forces"
    ?
    It is clear that they belonged to the organization of Quisling and ordinary policemen were called HIRDS.
    But maybe you have more advanced information?
    1. Curious
      Curious 14 June 2018 18: 48 New
      +3
      The Norwegian police troops in Sweden (Norwegian police troops) had nothing to do with the paramilitary organization of the Norwegian National Socialist Party National Unity Vidkun Quisling, which was called Hird, in principle, since they formed from the Norwegian refugees in Sweden who in Sweden escaped from this very Quisling. And they prepared them precisely in order to free from Norway from the Germans and nationalists.
      The literature on them is only in Swedish or Norwegian. You can watch the English-language Wikipedia.
      1. hohol95
        hohol95 14 June 2018 19: 10 New
        +1
        It is a pity that it is not in RUSSIAN ... Then another question - in what year did these "refugees begin to liberate Norway"?
        1. Mikado
          Mikado 14 June 2018 20: 30 New
          +6
          Then another question - in what year did these “refugees begin to liberate Norway”?

          Muscovites swore oaths to Norway (the very word moderation will not miss) under the command of Meretskov. I once saw footage of the chronicle when the “released Norwegians” leave the tunnels, where they were hiding when ours arrived. Norwegian men go - in good suits, in hats ... If they lived so well under Hitler, and by no means were they going to free themselves (the French, at least, raised the Paris uprising), then ... And now they’re making series about how we occupied them! angry
          on rifles:
          Interestingly, in the detachable magazine to the Ag m / 42В rifle, they put not one, but just two locks of the magazine, both in the front and in the back. Working with them is not very convenient. Therefore, it is easier to charge the rifle from the holder, alternately inserting them one by one on top. Why Eklund did just that is hard to say. In addition, the rifle comes with just one magazine. So it is better not to lose it under any circumstances. Although ... well, what the Swedes were greedy? Well done at least ... two!

          There weren’t enough pennies! laughing joke. Either make a carbine with an integral store, like Simonov, or with detachable, mass-produced. Indeed, some kind of stupidity .. or .. redneck? request
          without knowing the internal structure of the first two rifles, externally they can be mistaken for the German G.41 and G.43.
          Vyacheslav Olegovich, I bow! hi
        2. Curious
          Curious 14 June 2018 21: 28 New
          +3
          In November 1944, the liberation of Finnmark was part of the troops of the Karelian Front of Meretskov. To be honest, I see no reason to be derogatory towards these people.
          1. hohol95
            hohol95 14 June 2018 23: 15 New
            +1
            Wikipedia
            On October 27, the 31st Corps entered Nautsi from the east, and the 127th Light Rifle Corps - from the north.
            Retreating to Kirkenes, the enemy on an ever-increasing scale used various barriers and made all kinds of damage on the roads. The path to Kirkenes was mined, and the suspension bridge over the fjord was blown up.
            Yar fjord was forced on amphibians and fishing boats. The Norwegian patriots, who went to sea on two motobots, helped the fighters a lot. They saved the crews of the damaged amphibians and, despite the shelling, transported them to the other side. When then, during the crossing of the Elvenes Fjord, it was necessary to start all over again and the 14th Division was directing an airborne crossing on rafts, the locals again supported the Soviet army. So did the Beck Fjord.
            At 9 a.m. on October 25, advanced units of the Red Army entered the Norwegian city of Kirkenes.

            It’s just that their “struggle” is poorly illuminated! Or this same fight began at the same time as the Soviet offensive in 1944! And before that, they were good in the caves due to British food parcels!
            As in one story or story about the Great Patriotic War - to the question of what a person did under the occupiers, he answered - I PLAYED ON THE HORNOR ...
            And in battle, he got cold and ... He became a bugler in the division ...
            1. Curious
              Curious 15 June 2018 00: 35 New
              +3
              Yes, it is normally lit. And it began already in the fall of 1940. And the Norwegian "Rota Linge" in 1943 blew up a heavy water plant in 1943 in Ryukan. And its own “rail war” in Norway was, in March 1945, the only railway line connecting the southern part of Norway with the northern one was blown up in more than 1000 places.
              By the way, if you were in Norway, you could evaluate how suitable the area is for partisan action.
              And besides grocery parcels, the British to the Norwegian partisans dropped almost 1945 containers with weapons and explosives from January to May 8000 alone.
              And just hiding in the adits you need to have courage, because the Germans shot for sabotage.
              1. akunin
                akunin 15 June 2018 15: 16 New
                0
                "valiant" Norwegians
                https://www.runivers.ru/doc/d2.php?CENTER_ELEMENT
                _ID = 150993
                1. Curious
                  Curious 15 June 2018 15: 45 New
                  0
                  Is that all you know about this issue?
                  1. akunin
                    akunin 15 June 2018 16: 17 New
                    0
                    if I don’t confuse, there was still an appeal from the Queen of Norway to her subjects, where she (from England) called on her beloved ones not to come into conflict with the occupation authorities, and even if they took her to the Wehrmacht, honestly fulfill her military duty (transferred close to the text , I looked at the "discovery") as you see Ragnar does not smell like a boatman (something like that). And at the expense of the "heavy water" plant, the action was organized and sponsored by English intelligence (the same discovery told and showed reconstruction). I haven’t been to Norway, evaluate I can not.
                    1. Curious
                      Curious 15 June 2018 21: 53 New
                      0
                      No, well, since you looked at Discovery, then what can I object to here. Here, as they say, there is nothing to cover, this is a fundamental source. I really was in Norway, just in those places where the plant was blown up, but it's hard to object to your Discovery.
                      1. akunin
                        akunin 16 June 2018 10: 24 New
                        0
                        Dear, you don’t need to be clever and make a messiah of yourself, and the “Discovery” source is completely trustworthy.
                        Quote: Curious
                        No, well, since you looked at Discovery, then what can I object to here. Here, as they say, there is nothing to cover, this is a fundamental source. I really was in Norway, just in those places where the plant was blown up, but it's hard to object to your Discovery.
                        , and I was in Turkey, but this does not mean that I participated in the Battle of Halipolli. Books, like films, are the work of human hands and mind.
  2. polpot
    polpot 14 June 2018 18: 30 New
    +1
    Thanks for the article, the design with a pine forest, taken from few successful systems, only the masterpiece obviously did not work
  3. Curious
    Curious 14 June 2018 19: 08 New
    +2
    "Therefore, it is easier to charge the rifle from the cage, alternately inserting them one after the other on top. Why Eklund did just that is hard to say."
    Probably got this idea from Tokarev. Indeed, the SVT 38 provides for loading from standard clips of the Mosin rifle, for which purpose guides for clips are made in the cover of the receiver. And in the sniper version, the scope bracket is designed so that it is possible to charge it with their clips.
    1. polpot
      polpot 14 June 2018 20: 40 New
      +3
      It was on ABC and then on SCS
  4. Curious
    Curious 14 June 2018 19: 29 New
    +1
    The rifle Ag m / 42B and is now in service.

    In the early 1960s, in Sweden, Bofors created the Pansarvärnspjäs 1110 recoilless anti-tank gun. It is equipped with an optical sight and a sighting machine gun (pictured above on the barrel). This is nothing like the Ag m / 42B with automatic firing.
    In Sweden, the gun is already on conservation, but is in service with the Baltic Limitrophs and Iraq.
    1. Mikado
      Mikado 14 June 2018 20: 33 New
      +4
      In Sweden, the gun is already on conservation, but is in service with the Baltic Limitrophs and Iraq.

      I want to quote a phrase from my favorite movie, “The Balzaminov’s Marriage”: "You don’t have a dime! So, after all, everything is a gain to you, no matter what!" laughing I'm talking about limitrophs and others .... negative
  5. Catfish
    Catfish 15 June 2018 04: 04 New
    +3
    Quote: Curious
    "Therefore, it is easier to charge the rifle from the cage, alternately inserting them one after the other on top. Why Eklund did just that is hard to say."
    Probably got this idea from Tokarev. Indeed, the SVT 38 provides for loading from standard clips of the Mosin rifle, for which purpose guides for clips are made in the cover of the receiver. And in the sniper version, the scope bracket is designed so that it is possible to charge it with their clips.


    Good morning. wink

    And why did Tokarev, haven't all the “bolts” of that time been charged in this way before? Or did you mean self-loading rifles? hi
    1. Curious
      Curious 15 June 2018 07: 25 New
      +1
      It is self-loading rifles with a removable magazine.
  6. Curious
    Curious 16 June 2018 15: 22 New
    0
    akunin,
    The Messiah is the deliverer, unexpectedly bringing salvation from something. Dear, I didn’t either save or save anyone, even more so - unexpectedly, and even more so. The salvation of drowning people is the work of the drowning people themselves. Discovery to help you.