As a result, the regiment commander Mikhailov stopped the attacks at Rubezhnoye and began to retreat to Ovchinnikov (8 km north of Rubezhnoye). Cossack cavalry stubbornly pursued him.
At about 10, the regiment reached Ovchinnikov, where he took a ring defensive position and spent the night. Cossacks all night long were pressing on all sides. But when it began to get light, the cavalry of the enemy began to gradually withdraw to Rubezhniy. Razintsy moved behind it and approached the 8 distance to the 1000 clock. M. Mikhailov passed the command “in hostility” along the chain. Razintsy, who had not eaten hot food for two days and had not slept, cheerfully accepted the team and ran to the attack. But under the well-aimed fire of the enemy, the razintsy had to lie down and from all 30 machine guns opened fire. When the fire of the Cossacks weakened, foot intelligence on its own initiative rushed into hostility. Behind her rose the whole chain of the regiment. Shouts of “Hurray”, moans of the wounded, indiscriminate shooting from both sides did not allow the commanders of the companies to control the movement of people. Groups of attackers broke into the trenches of the Cossacks. The enemy slowly retreated to the village.
The cavalry more than once rushed from the east to attack - but deep snow prevented the equestrian step, and the red machine-gunners calmly fought off the attacks. The battle in the village lasted until 12 hours. As a result, the Cossacks with large losses went to Uralsk. The losses of the Razinsky regiment during these two days are about 200 people killed, wounded and frostbite.
On January 21, Mikhailov, highlighting one battalion and foot reconnaissance under the command of his assistant Petrovsky, sent this detachment to occupy the village of Dyakov.
At about 14, the detachment occupied the village and settled there for the night. On January 10, Mikhailov, leaving two equestrian reconnaissance and one battalion in Rubezhnoye, with the second battalion, moved to Diacov, and the commander of the forward detachment, Petrovsky, in the evening with the battle, took Darinsky.
At this time, the advanced detachment of Ryazantsev arrived, sent to 21 on January 9th to help the 218 th Razinsky regiment. He also spent the night in Darya.
On January 23, the commander of the 1 Brigade ordered the capture of the Urals.
Time and. The commander of the 217 regiment, Panitsky, with two battalions, a team of foot reconnaissance men and four guns, had to come out of Chuvash in 5 hours and occupy Novy.
The commander of the 25 Cavalry Regiment, Surov, was ordered to simultaneously depart from the Chuvash Regiment along with the 217 Regiment and take the New One together with him.
The 218 th regiment was to occupy Trekinsky, leaving the 2 companies with 6 machine guns at Rubezhnoye until the point was taken up. At about 9 hours, the 217 th rifle regiment and the 25 th cavalry regiment approached the village of Novy. Opponent opened artillery fire. The chain of the 217 regiment moved forward briskly, as it heard heavy artillery fire from the left in the Trekinsky area. It was with the battle that the 218 th regiment advanced - from Daryinsky through Gnilovsky to Trekinsky. The chain of Pugachevs, spoiled by victories in December-January, did not pay attention to the heavy machine-gun fire of the Cossacks and went forward almost without any excesses. When approaching the 300 - 500 distance, the Cossack infantry began to move in groups to the south, to Uralsk. Around 11 hours Pugachev occupied New. The 25 Cavalry Regiment tried to pursue, but with the fire of the Cossacks its movement was stopped and he returned. After a hard fight at the hut. Gnilovsky was busy around 13-hours hut. Trekinsky. Large forces of the Cossacks quickly moved in the direction of Uralsk. Losses in the shelves of the 1 Brigade - about 70 people, the enemy - are unknown. After the occupation of these farms, before the command of the 1 brigade, the question arose: do you want to take Uralsk, according to the order of the commander, on January 25 or to take it on 24? At that time, an order was received from the commander of the 1 Brigade of the 22 Division, where it was said that the brigade had occupied the Kolpakov cordon, and on January 24 the Cordon of the Derkulsky and Women's Skit should occupy. This made the command of the 1 Brigade make a decision to attack Uralsk not on 25, but on the morning of January 24. At this time, arrived at the headquarters of the 1-th brigade nachdiv-25 Voskanov, who agreed with the capture of Uralsk 24-th January. The decision was also made by the fact that the Ural command was expecting an attack by Uralsk on January 25 — intercepting the order of the 4 army.
G. K. Voskanov
As a result, the Ural command removed from the site of the red 22 th rifle division, from the troops of General Akutin, 1 th, 2 th, 3 th and 4 th Ural Cossack regiments, which by the evening of 24 January were to connect with 5-m and 6-m Ural Cossack regiments in the area of the meat factory "Refrigerator" (7 km north-east of Uralsk), forming a shock group. All the infantry, i.e., the Semenovskaya and Krasnorechenskaya brigades, the volunteer Cossack rifle brigades, consisting of old Cossacks, were to occupy two lines of trenches - in 2 - 3 km to the north of the railway station, and to defend Uralsk from the north, and 10 and 11-Ural Cossack regiments - from the side of the stingray. The 13, 16 and 8 Ural Cossack regiments were supposed to cover the right flank of the infantry, as well as the concentrating equestrian group (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6) Ural Cossack regiments). The Ural command entrusted the task to this horse group: to strike the 1 brigade in the left flank at the moment when the regiments, having occupied the trenches, were drawn into the city, press them to the r. Chagan and destroy.
The defense plan can be considered good - in particular, the creation of the best battle regiments from the Ural Cossack "guard", the shock cavalry group. But the Urals command did not take into account, firstly, deep snow, as a result of which the 1, 2, 3 and 4 regiments did not arrive in Uralsk on January 24, and second, the 1 25 brigade th division attacked Uralsk not on January 25, but early on January 24 in the morning.
Thus, a coherent cossack plan was destroyed. At the headquarters of the 1 Brigade of the 25 Division, the whole evening was spent in meetings and disputes over the development of an attack plan for Uralsk. By the 23-m clock, the plan was developed and sent out in parts. It came down to the following:
1) All parts are from New and Trekinsky exactly at 6 on January 24 on Uralsk.
2) The 217 th regiment advances on Uralsk with two battalions from the north, and one battalion located in Trekinsky, along the route, from the north-east.
3) The 25 th cavalry regiment moves in conjunction with the 217 regiment and covers its right flank.
4) The 218 regiment with attached XMNUMX regiment mounted reconnaissance stands out from Trekinsky, moves along the Ural River and attacks Uralsk from the east,
5) The 1 Brigade of the 22 Division, consisting of the 190 and 191 Rifle Regiments and the 22 Garybaldian Cavalry Regiment, stands out from the Kolpakov cordon and the Hut. Breeze.
Thus, the plan of command of the 1 Brigade of the 25 Rifle Division provided for an attack by the 218 regiment in the “Refrigerator” area - which operates from the east with its right flank.
In 6 hours 30 minutes 24 January, all parts of the brigade acted.
In the space between the rivers Ural and Chagan there were many Cossack patrols - who, noticing the movement of the Pugachevsky regiment, opened rifle and machine-gun fire. And the 217-th regiment had to crumble straight from the column into a chain - and advance in deep snow with a fight to the south, to Uralsk.
The 218 th Razinsky regiment also performed 6 minutes from Trekinsky 30 hours south to the south, and sent a foot reconnaissance and one battalion commanded by Petrovsky from the east to the Refrigerator plant on the Ural River. The regiment commander Mikhailov himself with the remaining two battalions and two cavalry reconnaissance groups moved even south of the Petrovsky detachment - directly from the east to Uralsk. For the same reasons as Pugachevsky, the Razinsky regiment had to turn around in a chain and move south along the r. Ural, and then turn its left flank to the west, leading two cavalry recon groups (near 200 Sabers) with a ledge behind the left flank.
Cultural education of 25 sd in 1919
Despite the deep snow, the Pugachev regiment advanced very quickly. In the chain as ordinary soldiers went with rifles in the hands of the chief of the 25 th Infantry Division Voskanov, the commissioner of the brigade Gorbachev and BP. and. D. Kombriga-1 Plyasunkov. Their example was followed by the entire command personnel of the Pugachev regiment. The chain of the Pugachevsky regiment was in 800-m from the first line of the Cossack trenches, who fired strong rifle-and-machine-gun and artillery fire. Almost every minute wounded and killed fell.
Starting-25 Voskanov, seeing that there was no wire in front of the enemy’s trenches (which he was greatly afraid of), gave the command: “Follow me, to attack the trenches”. At this time, the commander of the 1-th artillery battalion Sorokin suffered accurate fire from Cossack armored trains at the trenches. In some places, Pugachevs could see how shells ripped apart enemy fighters. This is even more encouraging Pugachev. When the fighters saw Voskanov himself, running ahead with a rifle at the ready and screaming “Hurray!”, They rushed forward.
Plyasunkov with the commissioner of the brigade Gorbachev, being on the left flank of these two battalions, with a handful of orderlies, in horse formation, rushed to the attack. In the eyes of the regiment, they slipped through the first line of trenches, hacking down the Cossack infantry, mainly old bearded men. They flew at the enemy's battery, which was located between two lines of trenches, with some of the guns already withdrawn and galloping off the second line. Plyasunkov and Gorbachev managed to seize one gun and open fire from it. In some places the Cossacks took a bayonet battle, but most ran to the second line of the trenches. Voskanov was wounded in the arm and was out of action.
Time and. The commander of the regiment Panitsky, being close to the chief, gave the command: “Forward, attack the second line of trenches,” and rushed forward with a rifle in his hands. Behind him moved foot intelligence. Behind the pedestrian reconnaissance, the entire infantry continued moving, albeit in an “indescribable” order. There were shouts of wounded Cossacks, who were punctured by the rear red fighters with bayonets - especially the old bearded men, as the latter did not surrender and, even the wounded, continued firing at the rear of the Pugachev people.
During the seizure of the second line of the trenches, he was mortally wounded by a bullet in the stomach. and. D. commander of the regiment Panitsky. Around 10 hours Pugachev on the shoulders of the running occupied the station Uralsk. At the same time, the 25 th Cavalry Regiment of Surov went along the valley of the Chagan River and broke into the city. The chain of the Pugachev regiment continued to move forward.
At about 12 hours, two battalions of the Pugachev regiment were in the city, where indiscriminate shooting took place. Red artillery changed positions.
The battalion of Ryazantsev was delayed to master the two armored trains of the Cossacks. At this time, instead of fighting the 5 Razinsky regiment, the 218 th Ural regiment rushed from the Kholodilnik plant to attack the left flank of the Pugachev regiment - in the direction of the Novy settlement. But the Pugachev flank was at st. Uralsk - and the blow fell on different wagons and Sorokin 6 guns, which at that time were moving to the railway station.
Sorokin withdrew from the front and opened fire "on the canister."
The battalion commander Ryazantsev, having taken command of the Pugachev regiment, urged his chain to turn the front north. Having done this, he immediately rushed with the battalion to the rescue of his artillery. But the 1 convoy, which saw the attack, flew in panic into the city of Uralsk and reported on the attack of the Cossacks to the Pugachevs who were in the city. There was some confusion, but time. and. The commander of the Plyasunkov brigade, who was in these two battalions, gave the command: "Back to the station."
By this time, Sorokin and BP. and. D. regiment commander Ryazantsev managed to repel White's attack. As a matter of fact, there was nothing to repel, since the 5-th Ural regiment went on the attack not on manpower, but on a wagon train - and when it left the sphere of artillery fire, it galloped south of the settlement Novy, on the right bank of the r. Chagan, and there dissipated.
At this time, the 218 regiment was engaged in a stubborn battle on the eastern outskirts of Uralsk, especially in the area of the Kholodilnik plant — with the 5, 6 and 13 regiments. Several times a detachment of the 218 regiment of Petrovsky rushed to the attack at the Kholodilnik plant, but the Cossack counterattack was thrown back. Around 11 hours, seeing his helplessness, he went on the defensive and asked his regiment commander Mikhailov to assist.
At the same time, Mikhailov with two battalions successfully, but also with a stubborn battle, moved forward, crowding the 16, 8 and Semenovsky Cossack regiments. Some of his companies have already reached the eastern outskirts of Uralsk - however, due to the critical position of their detachment at the Kholodilnik plant, one battalion was sent to strike from the south to the rear of the Cossacks, who stubbornly held on the Kholodilnik plant.
It was then that the commander of the 5-Ural regiment, seeing this movement, took off his regiment and went on the attack allegedly in the flank and rear of the Pugachev people. In fact, he simply left, as his section was left flank. The 6 and 13 regiments began to retreat into the city.
At about 14 hours, the whole city passed into the hands of the 1 th brigade of the 25 th rifle division. From the eastern and southern sides were posted outposts. By 16-ti hours began to enter the city regiments 1-th brigade 22-th rifle division. The Cossacks part of their forces retreated to Kruglozerny, and partly to the village of Barbastau. Losses in parts of the brigade of the 25 division in the official report are mentioned by a common phrase - at least 200 people were killed and wounded. On the enemy side, the losses were huge; taken to 100 prisoners and many machine guns.
Summing up the operation, it should be noted that the horse Cossack regiments, exhausted by the twelve-day battles, could not, despite their numerical superiority, keep Uralsk - because deep snow prevented them from maneuvering on the battlefield and, in particular, leading attacks in the equestrian system ( and they were not sufficiently prepared for foot combat).
The snow and heavy winter roads prevented the Urals command from transferring their best regiments in time to the moment of a decisive battle near Uralsk. More importantly, it was delayed with the transfer of these four regiments, relying on the orders of the 4 Army, according to which the capture of Uralsk was scheduled for January 25. But the command of the 25 Infantry Division took the initiative - and this confused the maps of the White Guard Cossack Command.