Arctic all-terrain vehicle KamAZ "Arctic"
At the exhibition, a huge blue all-terrain vehicle weighing about 17 tons, with a ground clearance of more than 670 mm, created a real sensation and attracted the attention of ordinary visitors and specialists. There is nothing surprising. The most famous producer of diesel trucks in Russia from Naberezhnye Chelny has its own scientific and technical center (STC), which is working on the design of modern vehicles, but for the KamAZ, the presented Arctic all-terrain vehicle is a completely new line of work. Previously, all-terrain vehicles under the brand KAMAZ have not yet been produced. With its appearance and the functionality incorporated in it, the new car is quite different from other promising developments of the Russian auto giant.
The Arctic is currently attracting more and more attention. Four years ago, the Russian leadership announced the All-Russian project “Social and economic development of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2020”. The program becomes even more relevant if the fate that approximately 20 percent of Russian territory is located beyond the Arctic Circle. The main objective of the program is the development of economic and social spheres of life in the region. In addition, this program involves the expansion of the scientific and technical base of the region through the creation and implementation of advanced technologies. In this regard, there is a need for high-quality and reliable car that could work even in harsh Arctic conditions, coping with its tasks in the winter period. The presented Arctic KamAZ-Arctic all-terrain vehicle will be of interest to at least EMERCOM employees, medical workers, as well as researchers and pioneers, the machine may be of interest to scientists and geologists. We should not exclude the fact that over time this development may be of interest to the military and representatives of various Russian law enforcement agencies.
The KamAZ-Arctic is an environmentally safe all-terrain vehicle designed to transport people and goods in the Arctic zones of Siberia and the Far East. An articulated frame was used in the car - it was developed in two versions: with wheel formulas 6х6 and 8х8. An all-terrain vehicle with a wheel formula 6х6 has already been built. It is equipped with huge low-pressure tires, each weighing a quarter of a ton. In essence, this is a snow and swamp vehicle that can be effectively used in the vast expanses of our country.
Presented in 2017, the all-terrain vehicle works on the classic KAMAZ engine V8 and is equipped with a manual gearbox. The certification of the novelty will pass as a snow and swamp vehicle. From the point of view of its design, this is a completely new development; KAMAZ has never created anything like this before. To work in the Arctic and the Far North, a new car must meet very stringent requirements. It should operate at ambient temperatures of minus 50-60 degrees Celsius. To move in conditions of complete lack of roads: not only on snow cover, but also in conditions of weakly bearing soils, in conditions of spring thaw, to work on winter roads. According to Sergey Nazarenko, the chief designer of the innovation KamAZ innovation cars, the key feature of the new all-terrain vehicle is the articulated frame: the car makes a turn not at the expense of its wheels, but at the expense of the “breaking” frame. This decision was dictated by the large dimensions of the wheels used: they are very wide in the arctic all-terrain vehicle and do not provide enough resources for normal turning.
Another important feature of the new products from Naberezhnye Chelny are very wide tires. With the help of such tires, the problem of the car’s ability to pass in special climatic conditions and on unstable soils: tundra, wetlands, snow snow (dense coarse snow) is successfully solved. The tires installed on the all-terrain vehicle can be of two sizes: 700 mm width (“Dimension” version) and width more than 1000 mm (“Oversize” version). The use of the “Dimension” version allows the arctic all-terrain vehicle to meet the allowed traffic regulations, which in turn allows the KAMAZ novelty to move freely on public roads, the all-terrain vehicle can reach speeds of up to 50 km / h. At the same time, the “Oversize” variant with wide tires is designed to move on soils with low bearing capacity. The ground clearance of the KAMAZ-Arctic all-terrain vehicle - 677 mm is also impressive. According to Nazarenko, thanks to the listed qualities, the novelty can be used as an “alfamobile” - a vehicle that will lead the movement of a convoy of other cars, leading ordinary cross-country trucks. The load capacity of the new northern giant is estimated at 13 tons.
One of the features of the Arctic all-terrain vehicle is the presence of a full-fledged comfortable residential compartment, designed to accommodate three people. Inside the residential module there are beds, a gasoline generator, electric inverters, drinking water supply, a kitchen with a hob and microwave oven, a toilet and even a shower. Also inside there is a TV, satellite phone. The design of the residential module was carried out by SKB MAMI specialists. The specialists of this company managed to fully combine the utilitarian properties of the all-terrain vehicle with a rather stylish appearance and well-thought-out ergonomics that meets all the criteria for a comfortable and autonomous stay in a residential module. You can get into the module by a special folding ladder. The residential module of the Arctic KamAZ-Arctic all-terrain vehicle, which will be officially certified as a snow and swamp vehicle, is a full-fledged living space in which you can live or wait for help in the most severe climatic conditions for at least three days. “At least three days, or rather a week or even more,” said Sergey Nazarenko, chief designer of the innovation KamAZ SEC. Additionally, air conditioners are provided in the residential module to help isolate its inhabitants from the northern “beast”: mosquitoes, midges and nasal debris.
In the summer of 2018, the new Arctic KamAZ-Arctic all-terrain vehicle will reappear at various exhibitions, and in the second half of summer it will go to the cold regions of our country. In addition to Yakutia, a car is waiting in Yamal. The second all-terrain vehicle with a wheel formula 8х8 will be ready by the end of this year. It is already known that he will receive the P6 power unit (this is a new KAMAZ six-cylinder in-line engine, created in cooperation with the German company Liebherr and closely approached the best foreign analogues), the new K5 cabin and an automatic gearbox.
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