Minor Land Carriers. Unsung Heroes Part of 2

Bridgehead supply Small land went, so to speak, in several queues. At first the necessary cargoes were delivered to Gelendzhik, where the Novorossiysk naval base was located. They came here almost the only way: by sea from Sochi and Tuapse. During one of these convoys in history entered the sea hunter SKA-065, accompanying low-speed transporter "Achilleon". Enough large transport forces were included in these convoys. On NLMB on this route lay the task of ensuring their wiring with anti-mine, anti-submarine and anti-aircraft cover in its area of ​​responsibility.

After the arrival of cargo in Gelendzhik, they either immediately after transshipment operations again went by sea to Malaya Zemlya, more precisely, to the Myskhako area, or were transported by road to Kabardinki, from which they followed the same course on the water surface. And this is where the Tyulkin Fleet enters the arena, mostly from the ULBM.

Alas, this small for its scale, but the proud and great fleet of its affairs is often the subject of ridicule from some specific historians and home-grown experts. Even the most in Russian affectionately ironic name is sometimes neglected. At the same time, the “Dunkirk miracle”, especially after the picture of Christopher Nolan, is set as an example, some laudatory speeches are sent to the touching British yachtsmen and fishermen who rushed to save the drafting army. Enchanting fiasco with a stampede of the Anglo-Saxons who abandoned everything in the world - heroism, methodical work, which ended with the liberation of Novorossiysk - failure. Well, yes Nolan with them.

Minor Land Carriers. Unsung Heroes Part of 2
Example of a landing from a mobilized ship (not Black Sea Fleet, Northern Fleet)

The basis of the transport ships carrying cargo to the coast of Malaya Zemlya was various schooners, barges, once-peaceful passenger pleasure boats, motorbots, which we will discuss separately, and, of course, fishing seiners. The latter just gave it the fleet name. Not so load-lifting and slow-moving, but less noticeable for the enemy, they did not depend so much on the mooring place (they could moor at improvised wooden marinas without threatening to smash them overboard) and unloaded faster. In addition, neither the Black Sea Fleet command nor the NLMB command had a special exit, because there were practically no specialized boats for solving transportation problems.

"Mackerel". The model is made by Novorossiysk modeller Valentin Shikin

One of the most famous representatives of this unusual fleet in all senses is the KTSchT-606 cut-mine sweeper. Behind these in military cold abbreviations lies a small fishing seiner "Mackerel". This fisherman with a wooden hull went down in history thanks to the tireless initiator of the use of rocket artillery in the fleet, George Ternovsky. He ensured that PC installations were mounted on the deck of the former seiner, which he used with the support of the legendary Kunikovsky landing force. Later, a modest laborer seiner worked as a military transport worker, like his brothers. "Modest" work? But how expensive it is!


The next in “fame in narrow circles” is KTSCH-605, the same as “Mackerel”, the fishing proletarian. This Seiner, who barely 6 units and possessed, of course, a wooden case, had the fate to participate directly in the landing, which is why he is known now. Leonid Sobolev, a writer and military leader, glancing at such a “Tyulkin fleet,” said: “Awesome collection of waterfowl brave babies!”

Alas, there are almost no photos of those not at all war-laborers of war. Only the names or dry board numbers remained, but these hard workers were in dire need. During the swell of the sea in 3-4, almost any convoy was attempting to equip points with precisely seiners and schooners. They were quite nautical, and at the same time the stony pebbled shallow water for them did not represent such a serious danger. But convoys of small ships marched towards Malaya Zemlya almost every day, and therefore the losses were great.

For example, almost at the end of March 43-th KTSH-601 went on his “routine” campaign in the direction of Myskhako. The excitement of the sea was acceptable. The former fishing motor sailing schooner Krapivnitsky, mobilized in 1941 year as a boat trawler, was able to sneak into the place of discharge. But the storm intensified. Despite the accelerated unloading, the surf threw the minesweeper ashore. To pull the schooner, which was not so difficult, given the small displacement, just did not have time. The Germans, who had been hated by this landing before the rattle, who did not want to be drowned in the sea, instantly covered KTSCH-601 with artillery fire.

Myskhako shore (photo of the author)

Seiners and schooners, united in battalion minesweepers' divisions, were undermined by mines, killed under enemy air raids and destroyed by enemy artillery. Their difficult fate was shared by other fellow proletarian origin. One of these brothers was the tug "Simeiz" with a tonnage of 172 tonnes and a speed of 10 knots. Built in 1900 in the German suburb of Bremen, Fegezak, the tug, in its nearly half a century history, served directly according to its specialization, was repeatedly mobilized, even as a cannon boat, but certainly returned to peaceful work.

In 1941, the tug was mobilized again. Already in August, under fierce fire from the German artillery, the Simeiz brought out of the occupied Nikolayev squadron Ognevoy, which was in an unfinished state.

Soon the tug was thrown onto military shipments in the Azov-Black Sea basin, so in the end he became one of the daring "kids" who delivered cargo and supplies to Malaya Zemlya. Unlike many of his comrades, “Simeiz” spent quite a long time “playing with fire”, coming to the burning bridgehead regularly. But 5 April 1943, in the days of one of the fiercest battles on Little Earth, fate turned out to be evil to the old tugboat. Having sailed to Myskhako, Simeiz hurried to Gelendzhik during the first glimpses of dawn, but he hit the enemy’s minefield and quickly sank at a depth of 47 meters, becoming a grave for 8 people.

Tug "Simeiz"

Even less lucky more than a month before at the end of February 43 th towboat "Mius". The Dutchman at the place of construction, “Mius”, had a displacement of 122 tons and was completely “green” compared to Simeiz, he was barely knocked down by 13 years. The tug on that fateful February day managed to moor under enemy fire and unload at Myshako, but when returning to Gelendzhik ran into German Schnellboots, catching a torpedo in the port side. According to another version, the enemy’s artillery had a hand in the destruction of Mius. Anyway, about 10 people died, and the tug itself now lies in the area of ​​the Sudzhuk spit at a depth of 45 meters.

Not all, of course, once peaceful ships went to the bottom. Some have survived those fiery days. Their names are erased over time, and many are completely unknown, because you will not attach a reward to a tug or a fishing boat. For example, the tug "Alupka" with a displacement of 195 tons and a speed of about 9 nodes was built in England in the 1902 year. As well as many of his fellows, the tug, previously bearing the name "Mstislav the Remote," repeatedly mobilized into the navy during his career.

In July, the 1941-th "Alupka" was again mobilized and entered into the structure of the water craft for the protection of the Novorossiysk naval base. Naturally, the re-tug was just around the corner. Already at the beginning of the 43, the Alupka joined the ranks of the Tyulkin fleet, which supplies the land of the Middle Ages. Already during the war years, when the battles went to the West, the tug was removed from the list of the Navy at the end of 44, as it became part of the Black Sea Shipping Company. In 60's, he went for scrap, ending his life peacefully and in his bed, so to speak.

In the next part we will consider the "aristocrats" of the small fleet of that time.

To be continued ...
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  1. +17
    1 June 2018 07: 30
    I like to read about technology, especially about ships and ships.
    And the "small fleet" from the galley eras is our chip
  2. +3
    1 June 2018 08: 15
    I remember the big wreck in the area of ​​the former Rybzavod, right near the shore. The boys dived and pulled out heaps of ammunition and other ammunition. Another skeleton is still located, rusting at Myskhako. And besides, he himself saw at the bottom near the “Island” from the side of Aleksino at a depth of 6-7 meters the blurry remains of a small vessel — small depth bombs from it and other iron trash ... I wonder what kind of ship it was?
  3. +1
    1 June 2018 11: 05
    Respect to the author for the article .. hi
  4. +1
    1 June 2018 13: 16
    The wind, I swallowed your story right away and only read it again, wasting attention: 'during one of these convoys the sea hunter SKA065 went down in history, accompanying the slow-moving transport Akhilon, but what kind of story? I have something spinning in my head: it seems like the transport was attacked by a torpedo and the SKA closed the transport with itself, or maybe I'm confused?
    Wind, please tell us about the most famous exploits of these modest hard workers and SKA-65, otherwise I’m trying to remember and nothing good comes out
    1. +1
      1 June 2018 15: 28
      "Midge" which became a mosquito for the Nazis: the feat of SKA-065
      VO March 15, 2018
    2. +1
      1 June 2018 15: 58
      Here you have already indicated one of my materials, I can still recommend -
      "The last pier of the cannon ship" Red Georgia ";
      "Heavy" Cargo ": the death and the search for the minesweeper T-403"