Military Review

DK cementnikov. Novorossiysk war monument dies of vandalism and indifference

The culture center of cement workers in Novorossiysk began to be erected at the end of the 30-s of the last century between the Proletary and October factories. In the city at that time more than five thousand people worked precisely at cement factories, therefore the state was concerned about the cultural leisure of such a large group of proletarians. According to the official website of the administration of Novorossiysk, the architect of the Palace of Culture was the famous Russian, and later the Soviet architect Alexey Viktorovich Schusev. If these data are correct, then this object, given Shchusev’s reputation and talent, is not just a cultural heritage monument, but also a monument of architectural art.

DK cementnikov. Novorossiysk war monument dies of vandalism and indifference

Construction site of cement workers before the war

DK was built in monolithic reinforced concrete and refers to the architectural direction of constructivism. The object itself was supposed to be made not just a theater stage, but a real center of gravity for the cultural life of the cement industry workers in Novorossiysk. Thus, the construction went on in two stages. The theater part was already ready in the summer of 1941, and in the second stage they planned to place a lecture hall, rooms for organizing various circles and even a gym. But this was not destined to be realized.

According to various sources, the theatrical part of the Palace of cement workers planned to open on Sunday 22 June 1941 of the year. But the day that in history the city was supposed to enter as a celebration of culture and art, entered the history of the Fatherland as the day of the beginning of the great war.

After the protracted bombing of the city and the port infrastructure, the war, in the face of the Wehrmacht, and not just the Luftwaffe, entered Novorossiysk in September 1942 of the year. DK cementnikom soon turned out to be the scene of the most brutal battles, the front line often passed right through the building itself, which passed from hand to hand. During the year of the fighting, a very modern building by the standards of those years was almost completely destroyed.

In 50-s, it was decided not to restore the Palace of Culture, but also not to demolish it, but to make it a monument that by its existence would most vividly describe the hell of steel and fire that came to our homeland in the Great Patriotic War.

However, sadly, what the Nazis and their European allies did not, time and illiterate vandals, which include lovers of autographs over the bottles of alcohol drunk before, did.

For example, last year a monument to the resilience and courage of our ancestors was defiled by paint by some fans of the swastika. Also on the territory of the monument you can regularly find beer and vodka bottles, syringes and used condoms. Illiterate lumpen, whose manners can only be called swine, are not afraid of even the extremely dilapidated state of the monument. But in 2004, a tragedy has already occurred on the territory of the Palace of Culture - a child died.

In this case, the building is actively involved in the life of the city. Rituals of memory and meetings of veterans are regularly held there, which are dated to be significant for our country and for Novorossiysk dates - June 22, September 16 (City Liberation Day), February 4 (the beginning of the Land Force Landing), etc. The very same monument by presidential decree in 1995, received federal status.

Oddly enough, it is this high status that can play a very ambiguous role in the fate of the monument. Local media regularly report on the condition of the facility. For example, more than 10 years ago, an engineering survey pointed out the critical state of a monument. Due to the wind load, and the recreation center stands at the foot of the mountain range, on top of which the very “boron” is born, the effects of the marine environment and temperature drops invariable reinforced concrete slabs fly down along with columns, beams and ceilings. However, the federal status of the facility does not allow local authorities to independently decide on any actions in the emergency territory.

The last cry for help was an appeal to a member of the Federation Council from the Krasnodar Territory, Vladimir Beketov, in the hope of helping to advance the issue with the restoration of a historically significant monument not only for Novorossiysk, but for all Russians. The question is so acute that usually officials who do not particularly value responsibility take the initiative to convert the monument into municipal property. The piquancy of this tragic situation gives the fact that the municipal authorities, as I wrote in one of the previous materials, planned to buy a sundial at the price of 10,5 million rubles, which should be a “new landmark”.

However, I don’t want to be unfounded, so I suggest that the reader, with his own eyes, assess the condition of the cement-culture centers.

Here is the facade of the building. Pay attention to the upper part of the facade, it has long collapsed and the shells of the Great Patriotic War have nothing to do with it - time is inexorable. Also from this point you can see the riot of self-provided greens.

The columns seem to hold on to honest words.

The wounded body of the DC allows us to imagine the density of the fire that had passed the storm over this building in 1942-43.

Carefully pass inside, desperately peering into the reinforced concrete floors overhead. They look very dilapidated, and a persistent feeling is created that if you step under them, they will fall on your head.

Everywhere overhead hanging fittings. As soon as I tried to climb higher, the old staircase "sighed" slightly and spoke with the rustle of crumbling concrete crumb. Therefore, I reasonably left the "talkative" alone.

In the very center of the DC, not some lilac or wild rose bushes grow, but real trees themselves. I had to literally wade through the whole thickets, behind which the stage and theater hall were already lost. And some plants even began to “capture” the upper floors. How “positively” the roots of the plants act on the body of an already fairly shabby building can be represented quite clearly.

Still, there is hope that the building can be saved. Just not to be late. But it is sad not only that the DC was brought to such a form, but also from the behavior of our compatriots. And I mean not only vandals, but also citizens of another kind. I mean those who are periodically outraged by the very existence of such memorable complexes. After all, these monuments require a person to behave not like in a doorway or tavern, but somewhat more restrained, educated with a certain amount of self-control. Some even indulge in philosophizing, saying that the ancestors did not fight for it, so that we would turn everything into monuments. And someone with characteristic servility nods toward the West. True, they somehow forget that, for example, in France, the ruins of the whole city of Oradour-sur-Glane were left for the edification of posterity. There are regularly guided tours for young people, and the town will not occur to anyone to demolish. In Spain, there is also a whole city-museum of the civil war - Belchite. Something like that…

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  1. parusnik
    parusnik 23 May 2018 07: 50
    The object itself was supposed to be made not just a theatrical stage, but a real center of attraction for the cultural life of workers in the cement industry of Novorossiysk.
    ... How insidiously "bloody, totalitarian regime" cared for cultural activities ...
    However, at the same time they somehow forget that, for example, in France, the ruins of the whole city of Oradour-sur-Glan have been left to the descendants as a warning. There are regularly held excursions for young people, and the town does not occur to anyone to tear down. Spain also has a whole city-museum of civil war - Belchite.
    ... That’s the thing. We’re dragging out all the muck from the West, but really good, we don’t use it, we just nod, that's how they are ...
    1. Chertt
      Chertt 23 May 2018 12: 28
      I do not want to catch up with the negative, but in Russia, they really are ugly to historical monuments. I can tell by the example of Kaliningrad and Poland. In what condition are the architectural monuments, medieval-chivalrous and later. This is not comparable. Well-groomed, carefully guarded on the Polish side, and after 50 km overgrown ruins on the Russian.
      1. maxim947
        maxim947 23 May 2018 14: 21
        I do not want to seem callous, but some strange monument, what is particularly architectural in it? some coffin, IMHO. To take it to hell and build something demanded by the same modern recreation center, there are enough monuments in Novorossiysk and moreover they are well-groomed. There the whole city is a monument.
        1. Heterocapsa
          Heterocapsa 23 May 2018 14: 40
          I agree. And in a new place you can hang a plaque. And as if a symbol would be that the house of culture was reborn.
    2. siberalt
      siberalt 23 May 2018 15: 36
      It is necessary to send patriots from the State Duma from Moscow, let the monument be restored. feel You can rotate a hundred people for three months. For a year and manage. Funds from the local budget will be allocated to the leaders.
  2. slavaseven
    slavaseven 23 May 2018 09: 15
    Even in this state it looks majestic and beautiful.
  3. Snail N9
    Snail N9 23 May 2018 10: 32
    I have always been pinned by the so-called open-air museums - where the one presented slowly falls apart under the influence of weather conditions and time. World practice shows the only way to preserve historical monuments is to put them in closed rooms with a microclimate. The Chinese are already building huge hangars in order to preserve their historical monuments .... and in Russia .... "under the open sky" - that means no need to spend money on anything that officials need, but let everything fall apart and rot. .
  4. Lexa-149
    Lexa-149 23 May 2018 12: 19
    As soon as the sign “PROTECTED BY THE STATE” appears on the monument, the monument begins to decline immediately, and, over time, it turns into something that no longer makes sense to restore.
  5. Rey_ka
    Rey_ka 23 May 2018 12: 27
    Demolish and put the shopping center so vital to the residents of Novorossiysk
    1. Snail N9
      Snail N9 23 May 2018 12: 56
      Is it on Novores and set up a shopping center? There is one road and continuous traffic jams, especially at rush hour. Enough shopping centers and so- "Magnets" family than do not like? in addition, there is a “Carousel” and “Crossroads” and so on. It’s from grocery ones, while “shoshmatnye” like Moscow have already spread to half a city, and on the contrary the “Brigade” a shopping center has been built and there are such on every market ” centers. " Where is more?
      1. Heterocapsa
        Heterocapsa 23 May 2018 14: 37
        Why, there’s a monument. If the construction of interchanges on Sheskharis was frozen under the federal program. To be honest, in my opinion, leaving the whole building to nothing. It’s better to make a park with a monument. You can leave the tank just next to it. Well, there’s a wagon shot in the road is also a monument. But a very large building takes up a lot of space, it’s better to ennoble it and install a monument in the park. You can leave a part of a small building and restore it. This is purely my opinion. It’s just that our city was completely destroyed twice. We didn’t leave all the buildings in ruins and leave them dead city ​​monument from the city
        1. Topgun
          Topgun 23 May 2018 17: 53
          no plate can convey the atmosphere, IMHO all sorts of castles and castles retain at least nature also acts on them ...
          although it’s easier of course to demolish and make a plate 30x30 cm, what is steamed? then everything was given ...
  6. Normal ok
    Normal ok 23 May 2018 19: 24
    For example, last year a monument to the fortitude and courage of our ancestors was desecrated by some swastika fans.

    None other than ukrofashisty infiltrated.
  7. a housewife
    a housewife 25 May 2018 00: 40
    To all supporters of demolition - maybe Pavlov’s house, too, to tear down? Brest fortress? Why are they? By the way, it is not a monument, of course, but it’s interesting - is the cottage at the Water Station still standing in the form of ruins? Or did they also build something useful? But there, in my memory, people still lived. What a beautiful house it was! Useful, useful ... yes, I remembered - how was the theater built there? And haven’t the construction workers begun to build a cementing center for the third time? So what? Here are all kinds of shopping centers - yes, it is necessary !!! Come to yourself, people!
    1. Heterocapsa
      Heterocapsa 26 May 2018 15: 36
      Golitsyna’s cottage seemed to be still alive. But there, too, graffiti, rubbish, the building was already in ruin. It’s not clear what her future was there, they were building the Black Sea base. They could even demolish it.
      1. a housewife
        a housewife 27 May 2018 00: 24
        It’s a pity, such a beauty was ...
    2. SEER
      SEER 3 June 2018 16: 35
      Quote: housewife
      To all proponents of demolition - maybe the house of Pavlov, too, to tear down?
      Is it a residential building? ego end wall element of the ensemble "Pavlov’s House". and so all the time he is a residential building.
      maybe to some "supporters leave as is" first at least google, and only then write angry tirades?
      1. a housewife
        a housewife 4 June 2018 00: 12
        And I'll write! What is wrong with Pavlov’s house? This is a residential building, but a memorial wall was made from the end? Or is the house demolished, and in its place is a shopping center, movie theater, interchange, fountain, market? Or is it closer to the monument? At the site of the cement house, do something similar at least. It must be a memorial. There is a monument, there is a recreation center, there is a tank on a pedestal. This is already a complex, and its central part is being destroyed. "Leave it as it is" - does it let it crumble further? Don't you really understand?