Military Review

Football match in besieged Leningrad

6 May 1942 was decided to hold a football match at the Dynamo stadium in besieged Leningrad.

Two months after the start of World War II, in August 1941, the Germans launched a powerful offensive on Leningrad. The fascists planned to seize Leningrad, and after that launch a huge offensive of troops on Moscow. Then people stood shoulder to shoulder to protect their hometown. And it did not matter: you are an adult or a child - the war concerned everyone.

Having failed at the walls of Leningrad, the fascists decided to strangle the city with hunger. By the end of August, the fascists managed to cut the Moscow-Leningrad railway. 8 September 1941, the fascist ring around Leningrad was closed by land. The blockade has begun. At the beginning of the blockade, about 2,5 million people remained in the city, of which 400 were thousands of children.

But every day they became less and less. The city was left without electricity, food supplies, but the people of Leningrad continued to fight and work. During the blockade, only 640 000 people died from starvation in Leningrad and even more 17 000 people died from bombs and shells.

Since the end of November, the 1941 of the year has been operated by the ice Ladoga highway - the legendary Road of Life, along which bread was being brought. The fascists ruthlessly bombed it. For many people, this road was the last. But people did not lose heart. The blockade of all rallied together.

In order not to lose fortitude and support others, people wrote poetry, painted pictures and composed music.

Football match in besieged LeningradIn the besieged Leningrad, the composer Shostakovich creates the 7-th Leningrad Symphony, which became the symbol of the resurrection of Leningrad and resistance to the enemy.

In April, German planes 1942 scattered leaflets above our parts: “Leningrad is the city of the dead. We do not take it yet, because we are afraid of a deadly epidemic. We have wiped this city from the face of the earth. ”

It’s hard to say who remembered about football first, but the 6 of May 1942, the Leningrad Executive Committee decided to hold a football match at the Dynamo stadium. Thus, in the besieged Leningrad 31 in May, a football match was held between the teams of Dynamo and the Leningrad Metal Plant. The game, which took place in May at Dynamo Stadium, refuted the arguments of enemy propaganda. Leningrad lived and even played football!

It was not easy to recruit 22 man. For this match, former players were recalled from the front line. The footballers understood that they would make Leningraders happy with their game and show the whole country that Leningrad is alive.

The Dynamo team was almost entirely made up of footballers playing for this club before the war, while the factory team was heterogeneous - those who could play and who were strong enough to play football played because the hungry residents of Leningrad barely enough to just move around.

Not all athletes were able to enter the field. Too much exhaustion prevented them from taking part in the game. With great difficulty, the midfielder of “Zenith” A. Mishuk, who was discharged from the hospital after the severe stage of dystrophy, could play. The first ball, taken by him in the game on his head, knocked him off his feet.
The field of the Dynamo stadium was “plowed up” by bombers. It was impossible to play on it. Played on the reserve field of the stadium. The townspeople did not warn about the match. Fans were wounded from a nearby hospital.

The match consisted of two shortened times for 30 minutes. The meeting was held without replacements. The second half of the players spent under the bombing. How could exhausted and exhausted players to spend on the field all this time, no one knows.

At first, the slow movement across the field of these people was little reminiscent of a sports competition. If a football player fell - to stand up himself was not strong. The spectators, as in the pre-war years, encouraged the players. Gradually, the game improved. They didn’t sit down on the grass, they knew they wouldn’t be able to rise. After the match, the players left the field in an embrace, so it was easier to go. The match in the besieged city was not easy. It was a feat!

The fact of the match in the besieged city did not go unnoticed by either ours or the Germans. He caused a huge resonance throughout the country, so raised the spirit of the inhabitants of the city.

27 January 1944, the Soviet troops of the Leningrad and Volkhov fronts broke through the blockade ring. The longest and most monstrous blockade in the world storieswhich lasted xnumx days and nights.

Leningrad survived and won! A memorial plaque to these truly iron people was installed at the Dynamo stadium only in 1991 year. It depicts silhouettes of football players and inscribed the words: “Here, at the Dynamo stadium, on the most difficult days of the 31 blockade on May 1942, the Leningrad Dynamo players held a historic blockade match with the Metal Plant team”. Later matches in the besieged city of Leningrad became regular.
Everyone knew - the city lives!

The editorial board of Voenniy Obozreniye urgently needs a proofreader. Requirements: impeccable knowledge of the Russian language, diligence, discipline. Contact: [email protected]

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  1. instant-23
    instant-23 6 May 2012 09: 06 New
    Indeed, in their conditions it was a real feat. This can be compared with the holding of a parade in Moscow in November 1941.
    1. 755962
      755962 6 May 2012 17: 39 New
      Raising the moral and fighting spirit of Soviet citizens was no less important than the direct extermination of the Nazis.
  2. patriot2
    patriot2 6 May 2012 09: 08 New
    Eternal Glory to the defenders of Leningrad, who showed courage and willpower in a football game, is a real feat in a besieged hungry city.
    And the match report is a shock for the fascists! laughing
  3. AK-74-1
    AK-74-1 6 May 2012 09: 49 New
    About such events, you need to make films that will educate our descendants.
    1. Vyalik
      Vyalik 6 May 2012 14: 39 New
      The first time I learned about this match was from the movie "Blow, Another Blow". I was 12 years old and the film made a huge impression on us boys. Now this film would probably be silenced, but we liked it very much. It is very difficult to break the spirit of the people, almost impossible. One nation cannot be defeated.
      1. lotus04
        lotus04 7 May 2012 17: 43 New
        As I recall, there is a film about how in a concentration camp ours played a match with the Germans and won.
  4. lewerlin53rus
    lewerlin53rus 6 May 2012 10: 01 New
    A people capable of such acts is invincible! Such people can only be killed, but broken, forced to surrender to the mercy of the victors, never! That is why the Soviet people survived and won. During the war, everyone in his place performed his feat, be it in the trenches on the front line, behind enemy lines, in besieged Leningrad, hospitals, in the rear, producing everything necessary for the army, despite the hunger and cold. And the memory of these people who saved our country should remain clean for centuries. We, the heirs, must not allow oblivion of the feat, nor the blackening and discrediting of the names of those who gave their lives for our Motherland !!
  5. SectoR
    SectoR 6 May 2012 10: 27 New
    The first time I hear about the game, thanks for the information, to the author. Well done guys, they revived the population of the city with their game, and spat in the face of the enemy !!!
    But there was a kind of game with the Nazis, where the team, not being afraid of the consequences, beat the Germans ...
    1. Basilevs
      Basilevs 6 May 2012 11: 30 New
      In some kind of concentration camp, in my opinion. The team was then shot.
      1. smile
        smile 6 May 2012 15: 34 New
        Kiev, Kiev Dynamo. 1942 year. What are you guys? Even if you didn’t know before, so recently a scandal erupted - Our recent film about this game was shot, starring Bezrukov. I don’t know if he came to our rental, but Bandera wanted to ban his rental in Ukraine. Failed.
        1. Vadim555
          Vadim555 6 May 2012 16: 41 New
          Quote: smile
          Kiev, Kiev Dynamo. 1942 year.

          One of the brightest events in the history of Kiev football was the victory of the city’s football players in a match with a team of German occupiers in August 1942.

  6. SectoR
    SectoR 6 May 2012 16: 39 New
    These were Nikolai Klimenko, Igor Kuzmenko, Nikolay Korotkikh, Mikhail Goncharenko, Viktor Sukharev, Nikolai Trusevich, Vladimir Balakin, Mikhail Melnik, Mikhail Putistin, Mikhail Sviridovsky.

    June 21, “Start” - the Hungarian garrison team - 6: 2.
    July 5 “Start” - Romanian national team - 11: 0.
    July 12 “Start” - a team of military railway workers - 9: 1.
    July 17 “Start” - the military team “PGS” - 6: 0.
    July 19 "Start" - "MSG.Wal." (Hungary) - 5: 1.
    July 26 “Start” - “MSG.Wal.” - 3: 2.

    and two more games that won too ... and then yes ...
    Maybe they would have collected an article about it, the topic is interesting, many people know, but most only heard it somehow, and the details were forgotten
  7. suharev-52
    suharev-52 6 May 2012 20: 32 New
    Yes! There were people at this time
    Not that the current tribe
    Heroes! Not you.

    A low bow and eternal memory To both players and all residents of the besieged Leningrad. Sincerely.
    APASUS 6 May 2012 22: 38 New
    The feat is that they took to the field these days!
  9. Odinplys
    Odinplys 7 May 2012 23: 18 New
    The times of "perestroika" ... the Russia-Germany match is taking place ... ours are blowing ...
    Older people communicate on the podium ...
    One to the other ... even during the occupation of Kiev ... we won the hungry sick ... ashamed ...
    Another answers ... Ohhh ... then in the 42nd ... Coach was different ...

    It was a real feat ... as if playing predicted victory ...
    Yes .... such a trainer as Stalin ... and Russia will go