Military Review

The destruction of the Polish army in the Battle of Korsun

40
370 years ago, in May 1648, Russian and Crimean troops under the command of Bogdan Khmelnitsky destroyed the Polish army of the crown hetman Potocki near Korsun.


Before the battle

At a time when the Polish squad was destroyed in the Yellow Waters by the Cossacks of Khmelnitsky, Nikolai Pototsky, a coronet hetman of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, stood with an army near Cherkasy. Knowing nothing about the defeat of their avant-garde, the Polish army slowly moved south to secure the supposed victory of the young Potocki.

The promotion was very slow and interspersed with feasts and booze. Yes, and how to go quickly, when it is difficult to budge. It seemed that they were not going to war, for a holiday. Each tycoon and sir came to the camp not only with their banners (detachments, detachments), but also with numerous servants, carts. Here there were stocks of food, wine, and dishes, and clothing, and carpets. It seemed no one thought about the war. Revels were held daily, pans boiled before each other in wealth, past exploits. Yes, and with whom to fight something? With flakes, slaves, hicks? And they are the mind, pride and power of the Commonwealth. The army of Poland was one of the most powerful in Europe. Therefore, time flew by unnoticed; no one worried about how many days had passed, and there was no rumor about the young Potocki’s detachment. Feasted and walked day and night.

3 May 1648 passed Chigirin slowly. Before the Yellow Waters, there were more than one hundred versts, and there was no news from the forward detachment. After the usual disputes, they decided to send reconnaissance units around and prepare positions for artillery. Soon, the camp had terrible news of the death of the vanguard. She was brought by a wounded soldier who managed to escape. At first they didn’t believe him, they didn’t want to believe in the defeat of the Polish troops against the “beggars. And when they realized that it was true, the Polish camp was confused. They learned that Khmelnitsky is already close with countless troops and a Tatar horde, the fugitive assures. The confusion of the Poles was increased by the behavior of Potocki Sr., he was in anger, he broke and smashed everything that came under his arm, and got drunk before feeling insensitive.

The military council decided to go for the enemy. The Polish army moved to Korsun and White Church. 10 May arrived under Korsun and took a vantage point. Polish camp stood on a small hill. On three sides he was surrounded by earthen ramparts, which, at the insistence of Kalinovsky, were poured by soldiers, and also dug deep trenches. On the fourth side, the camp was defended by the Ros River. On the shafts put guns. The Polish army numbered more than 20 thousand people with 40 guns (according to other sources - about 14 thousand people).

Meanwhile, the Cossacks were going to meet the enemy. After the victory under the Yellow Waters, Bogdan Khmelnitsky gathered a military council. At the Rada, everyone was unanimous - immediately go to the army of Potocki. Khmelnitsky conducted a reorganization of the greatly grown troops. The army consisted of 15 - 17 thousand Cossacks and 4 thousand Tatars (according to other data - 18 - 19 thousand Cossacks, 6 thousand or even more Tatars). Bogdan divided the artillery into three batteries, headed by Sych, Ganzha and Vernigor. Sulima was appointed the general train. Zaporizhzhya Cossacks led the cat Nebab. All registrants and other soldiers who had gone over to the side of the rebels were divided into six regiments - Chigirinsky, Cherkassky, Korsunsky, Kanevsky, Belotserkovsky and Pereyaslavsky. Krivonos, Bohun, Czarnota, Nechai, Mazyr and Veshnyak were appointed colonels. The new general captain was appointed Teteria.

The destruction of the Polish army in the Battle of Korsun

Julius Cossac. Meeting Tugay Bey and Khmelnitsky near Korsun

Bits

14 (24) May 1648, Khmelnitsky sent forward the regiment of Krivonos and part of the Crimeans with the order to detain the enemy before the arrival of the main forces of the Cossack army. In the evening, the regiment under the command of Krivonos was beyond Ros, in the rear of Potocki. Under Steblev, a mile to the west of Korsun, the Cossacks zagatili river Ros, to facilitate access to the Polish camp.

The 15 (25) of May under Korsun appeared the main forces of the rebels. They settled down to the south of the Poles on the banks of the Ros River, engulfing an enemy camp located on the right bank of the river and taking up a position to the south. There was so much dust that the Poles thought that there were at least a hundred thousand enemies, and there were only fifteen thousand of them. The leading Polish detachment — the dragoons recruited from the population of Little Russia — were transferred to Bogdan here too, they did not want to fight with their own. The Polish army began to lose heart. But the Poles were on strong positions, had strong artillery, and decided to defend themselves. The Tatars tried to attack the enemy on the move, but were repelled by coordinated artillery fire.

Khmelnitsky arranged his regiments in a semicircle and pretended that he wanted to attack the Poles with all his might. However, the assault on well-fortified positions with a strong army led to great losses, or even defeat (the forces were approximately equal). Therefore, Bogdan was looking for a way to destroy the entire Polish army without great losses for his own. One clever and courageous Cossack Nikita Galagan, ready for anything, he instructed to make his way around the Polish camp so that he would be noticed and grabbed. He was taught to speak during interrogation. At the same time, the ambush squad was strengthened, guns were set up in convenient places, the road was dug over by moats, and they were set aside to catch the retreating enemy under the cover of the forest. Khmelnitsky military trick failed. During the raids Galagan was captured and brought to the Polish commanders. In the custom of that time, they began to torture him with fire, interrogating about the number of Cossacks and Tatars. “I don’t know our bills,” he said, “but as you will find out, с with every hour they arrive, and the Tatar are fifty thousand; Soon Khan himself with the Horde will be here ... ". And without that, the Poles were already in great anxiety, but now they have come to a complete confusion, fearing not only the great strength of the Cossacks and the Tatars, but also a possible siege and famine.

Disputes began among the lords. Many believed that it was necessary to retreat as quickly as possible, until the enemy received reinforcements. Kalinowski offered to continue fighting in a well-fortified camp. But the majority, which Pototsky himself supported, was in favor of the retreat. Getman Pototsky decided not to accept the battle, but to retreat and join up with the troops of tycoon Vishnevetsky, from whom the messenger arrived. He reported that 6-th. Vishnevetsky detachment goes to meet Potocki.

On the night of 16 (26) in May, intelligence reported to Khmelnitsky about the preparation of the Poles for retreat. Dodge Cossacks failed. On the same night, this news was confirmed by the Cossack intelligence officer Samoyla Zarudny, who served as the conductor of the Polish troops. 16 (26) May, before dawn, the Poles marched along the Bohuslav road. The pans did not abandon their huge wagon train to go light, the pans' carts with all kinds of goods, carts with supplies, horses and guns, were guarded by infantry. Polish cavalry was in the forefront and covered the rear. Khmelnitsky gave the Poles a few miles to pass calmly, then his cavalry began to rapidly raid enemies: Cossacks fired shots from rifles, the Tatars fired clouds of arrows and then quickly flew back. Thus, the Cossacks and Tatars tired the Poles with constant alarm from the flanks and rear. A few miles away the Poles passed, fighting off their enemies, and finally, already tired, they entered the fateful forest. They hoped that it would be easier in the forest. There the light cavalry of the Tatars and Cossacks lost its advantages.

However, the forest was no better. The Cossacks had already prepared for the attack and shot the enemy with cannons of muskets and self-mates. Then Khmelnitsky ordered to hit the Polish wagon train from the rear and the Cossacks repulsed many carts. But the main trouble was waiting for the Poles at the end of the grove. Here the road went steeply down the valley and then climbed the mountain. In this valley, which the villagers called the Steep Beam (Curved Beam or Pea Dubrava), the Cossacks dug a deep ditch, made abutments and rubble. The Poles, not suspecting anything, began to descend into the valley. When the moat was noticed, it was too late. Carts and guns rolled into the ditch. “Stop, stop!” - the front ones shouted back, but they shouted in vain: a significant part of the carts were already on the way down, the horses could not contain their weight, and everything was rolling into the ditch. Other drivers tried to escape in the side, but there were also pits and ravines. In addition, from the opposite mountain, the Cossacks beat the Poles with cannons, and from the rear, the Cossacks and Tatars of Tugay Bey were pressing in with all their might. As a result, the Poles turned out to be swamped to the left, to the right, steep slopes, and to the front, with a moat and rubble. Expand the artillery to the battle because of the narrowness and disorder did not work, the narrowness did not allow the rearguard cavalry banners to turn around either.

In the report to the king about the Korsun battle it was noted: “At the entrance to the swampy grove many carts loaded and turned over; Tatars and Cossacks ran up to them. Ours fired from shot-guns and muskets; they are enemies, from both sides attacked us hard blow. Tabor entered this oak grove, like a sack, he could not move further, because the roads were dug up and blocked. Behind the camp, the Tatars were squeezed by the whole weight, the Cossacks inflicted great damage in front and from the sides, using the arranged trenches. Our bravely fought ... but, having fallen into the trap, they could not overcome the superior enemy forces. "

Pototsky ordered cavalry, which could not fight in the equestrian ranks, dismount and take up muskets. But the Polish cavalrymen, not accustomed to foot combat, did not even manage to form themselves in battle formation. Cossacks crushed them. A panic began, numerous Polish servants ran. For some time, only the center reflected attacks. But soon he collapsed. Part of the head forces of the Polish army led by Prince Koretsky was able to break through and flee, throwing carts and the main forces. As a result, the Polish army fell into complete frustration and confusion. It was not the battle that began, but the slaughter. The Poles tried to escape, who in the forest, who in the swamp. Cossacks and Tatars shot, chopped, stabbed the dispersed Polish army. Many were captivated. It was a complete rout. Most of the soldiers of the Polish army died. 80 noble grandees were taken prisoner, along with both hetmans Potocki and Kalinowski, 127 officers, 8520 accomplices. Cossacks seized a wagon train, 41 gun, a lot of firearms and cold weapons, military supplies and various goods. Crimean cavalry pursued fugitives over 30 km. Of all the troops, only 1,5 thousands of people were saved from captivity and death.

Pototsky himself, seeing that the matter was lost, was sitting in his carriage, did not do anything, and many other gentlemen did the same. All of them were brought to the Cossack camp. “You see, Pototsky,” said Khmelnitsky, “as God arranged: you went to take me into bondage, but you yourself got into it!” “Clap,” exclaimed Pototsky, “what will you pay for the glorious Tatar knighthood?” It defeated me, not you with your predatory bastard! ”“ You, ”answered Khmelnitsky,“ you, who call me slam, and others like you! ”By decision, they were pleased both the hetman and the most distinguished gentlemen, as well as several thousand prisoners were given to the Tatars. Moreover, the Cossacks shared rich booty with them.



Results

18 (28) May Khmelnitsky spoke to the Cossack Rada (Korsunskaya Rada). Getman spoke about the need to continue the struggle for liberation, to organize a strong army in order to confront a strong enemy. Cossacks supported Bogdan. They unanimously spoke out against the world with the pans and supported his idea of ​​unification with Russia. That is, the very beginning of the war of liberation Khmelnitsky and his comrades clearly set the main goals - an irreconcilable struggle against Polish domination and the reunification of the people of Western and Southern Russia and Russia.

May 22 Khmelnitsky became under the White Church. The people solemnly met the Polish winners. Thus, the Cossacks, with the support of the Crimeans in a decisive battle, completely destroyed the Polish army assembled to eliminate the uprising. Poland lost the army in the Ukraine. Vyshnevetsky and other tycoons, having learned of the defeat of the crown troops under Korsun, did not begin to tempt fate and retreated to their estates or went farther still, to the lands of Crown Poland. The Polish authorities were at a loss. In addition, a few days before the Battle of Korsun, King Vladislav IV died. Poland lost control of Little Russia and lost the monarch. This strengthened the position of the rebels. The news of the terrible defeat of the Poles quickly spread throughout the lands of the Commonwealth and became a signal for the uprising of the broad masses of the peasants, Cossacks and philistinism. Throughout Western and Southern Russia begins a peasant, popular war. Even in such a remote area as Galicia. Khmelnitsky rebels receive massive popular support. The masses, who have been accumulating hatred for oppressors for centuries, are given the opportunity to throw it out. The massacre of Polish gentry, wealthy citizens, Catholic clergy and Jews began (Jews, like usurers, tax collectors and managers of Polish estates, were among the hated oppressors and social parasites). And Poland finds itself in a precarious situation of the imperial, fraught with the struggle of the magnate parties and the internecine war.
Author:
Articles from this series:
National Liberation War of Bohdan Khmelnytsky

370 years ago, the national liberation war of the Russian people against the Polish invaders began
As the Poles pursued a policy of genocide of the Russian population who did not want to live in slavery
"The Russian land will rise, it has never risen as never before"
"There is no other way how to break the Poles with the power and fear of death"
The defeat of the Poles under the Yellow Waters
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  1. Korsar4
    Korsar4 18 May 2018 06: 09
    +2
    If the story of misinformation is not a legend, then a brilliant move. And the lack of intelligence is “Worse Than a Crime.” Uncertainty in their abilities does not lead to good.
    1. Bar1
      Bar1 18 May 2018 08: 20
      +3
      Judging by this story, Pototsky was a mediocre commander, and they still can’t bring drunkenness to good. In any case, Khmelnitsky who created such an efficient army can only be congratulated. disunited, as the traditions of the slaves say, certainly worth a lot. If that were true.
      1. svp67
        svp67 18 May 2018 09: 12
        +2
        Quote: Bar1
        Judging by this story, Potocki was a mediocre commander, and even constant drunkenness is not brought to good.

        TOO MUCH. He always failed the Poles and the Catholicized Litvins and Ruthenians who fought in the army of the Commonwealth.
        Quote: Bar1
        In any case, Khmelnitsky who created such an efficient army can only be congratulated

        Not quite right. He was not a bad commander, but without Tatar help he did not succeed. Since it was precisely the active actions of the Tatar cavalry that did not allow the Poles to use their main striking force - cavalry, especially heavy, that is, "hussar". As soon as the Tatars were gone, the Khmelnitsky army was defeated precisely from the blows of the Polish cavalry
        1. Bar1
          Bar1 18 May 2018 09: 15
          0
          Quote: svp67
          He was not a bad commander, but without Tatar help he did not succeed. Since it was precisely the active actions of the Tatar cavalry that did not allow the Poles to use their main striking force - cavalry, especially heavy, that is, "hussar". As soon as the Tatars were gone, the Khmelnitsky army was defeated precisely from the blows of the Polish cavalry


          belittle the achievements of Khmelnitsky? In general, Khmelnitsky had not only infantry, but horse-drawn Cossacks, and these troops were no worse than the Tatar cavalry.
          1. svp67
            svp67 18 May 2018 09: 55
            +1
            Quote: Bar1
            In general, Khmelnitsky had not only infantry, but horse-drawn Cossacks, and these troops were no worse than the Tatar cavalry.

            Alas, but worse. At least in numbers. And the preparation wished for the best. At that time, there was nothing better than light Tatar cavalry ...
          2. Weyland
            Weyland 18 May 2018 22: 53
            +5
            Quote: Bar1
            In general, Khmelnitsky had not only infantry, but horse-drawn Cossacks, and these troops were no worse than the Tatar cavalry.

            Cossacks became famous as cavalrymen 100 years later, and in those years they were famous as the best infantry in the world: "a thousand hussars can easily disperse 10 thousand Cossack cavalry, but a thousand foot Cossacks can beat off the attack of 10 thousand Polish infantry!" (opinion of Polish authors of those times). The secret is simple: it was the Cossacks who first came up with the idea of ​​digging in the defense, rather than reloading muskets under enemy fire
    2. demo
      demo 18 May 2018 16: 13
      +11
      Khmelnitsky’s military cunning was a success. During a sortie Galagan was captured and brought to the Polish commanders. It was customary to torture him with fire, interrogating about the number of Cossacks and Tatars.
      This is what kind of self-sacrifice one must possess, so that knowing what will happen to you, voluntarily climb into the mouth of a lion?
      This is how you need to hate the enemy to make such a decision?
      I bow my head in front of this Warrior.
      1. Bo Yari
        Bo Yari 7 July 2018 07: 22
        0
        If I am not mistaken to him at the scene of the battle, a monument is erected under Korsun. Real hero.
    3. Vend
      Vend 22 May 2018 09: 35
      +1
      And the monuments to Bogdan Khmelnitsky still in Ukraine not demolished? laughing
  2. andrewkor
    andrewkor 18 May 2018 07: 27
    0
    What kind of Khmelnitsky is there, he’s not for Independence, but for an alliance with Russia. Here Bandera is a patriot, even blundered against Hitler, as they say in Russian talk shows!
    1. svp67
      svp67 18 May 2018 10: 02
      +3
      Quote: andrewkor
      What kind of Khmelnitsky is there, he’s not for Independence, but for an alliance with Russia

      Alas, it was his FORCED step. In the fight against Poland, it simply became clear that it was not possible to win on its own and the question was who to take as allies, and in that reality it meant whose tributary it became, Tatar or Russian. He chose the Moscow state, nevertheless relatives. But the next hetman, Ivan Vygovsky, made an alliance with the Poles. And hetman Doroshenko generally went under the Turks ....
      1. NG inform
        NG inform 19 May 2018 01: 18
        +1
        Well, Vygovsky himself was a Pole. Malorosy hated him so fiercely that they destroyed all his relatives and his supporters.
      2. Dr. Hub
        Dr. Hub 2 June 2018 07: 43
        0
        In a word, historical girls of easy virtue. And now it's all their fault
    2. Bo Yari
      Bo Yari 7 July 2018 07: 23
      -3
      Khmelnitsky was just for self-determination. and he got it. Moscow just violated the contract and that's it
  3. sib.ataman
    sib.ataman 18 May 2018 07: 41
    +4
    A good lesson for the clumsy Haml! And Khmelnitsky handsome! I calculated everything correctly: both the general dissatisfaction with the Panas, which guaranteed universal support, and the arrogant behavior of the Panov took into account! And most importantly, he very wisely determined the tactics of the battle! Using military cunning and the terrain he adapted for his needs, and with quick attacks he exhausted the enemy and sowed panic in his ranks! Krasava! You will not say anything! It was not for nothing that the IVS ordered an order in his honor, albeit at the suggestion of Perlmuter! GDP needs to be revived! This is a symbol of friendship and unity!
    And cool in the whole story, this is a military union of Krymchaks and Cossacks! We living and future generations as a warning! It is necessary to be friends, and not muzzle each other!
    1. Cherkashin Ivan
      Cherkashin Ivan 18 May 2018 11: 49
      +1
      Khmelnitsky, with all due respect to his talents, was just looking deeper and a softer straw. He could remain a vassal of the Polish king, could go hand in hand with the Sultan, or at worst to the Crimean Khan.
      And for some reason I don’t like the battle brotherhood of Cossacks and Crimean Tatars paid for by a hunter from Orthodox slaves. And you?
      1. Dr. Hub
        Dr. Hub 2 June 2018 07: 44
        0
        And who by and large is not looking deeper and softer? Life makes
  4. sib.ataman
    sib.ataman 18 May 2018 07: 42
    +1
    Quote: andrewkor
    What kind of Khmelnitsky is there, he’s not for Independence, but for an alliance with Russia. Here Bandera is a patriot, even blundered against Hitler, as they say in Russian talk shows!


    FI!
    1. andrewkor
      andrewkor 18 May 2018 09: 55
      0
      Yes, I'm joking, I'm joking!
    2. andrewkor
      andrewkor 18 May 2018 10: 18
      0
      You can hear these words every day from the first Russian TV channels!
  5. Curious
    Curious 18 May 2018 10: 47
    0
    Interestingly, before digging the Black Sea, Samsonov will come?
    1. Antares
      Antares 18 May 2018 21: 34
      0
      Quote: Curious
      Interestingly, before digging the Black Sea, Samsonov will come?

      Do you want him to reveal a terrible secret - what the Russians dug up all the same (or whatever-super-Russians, super-Russians, proto-Russians ..)
      Hops have already been privatized. They gave citizenship so to speak. And the goal was handed to him.
      It's funny I already wrote about the fact that the best will undoubtedly be taken away. But Mazepa, for example, will be left as a warning. And so it turns out Khmelnitsky-Russian. But Mazepa is Ukrainian.
      I have the most questions, when will Mazepa become Russian ...
      1. Curious
        Curious 18 May 2018 21: 43
        0
        On the one hand, it’s funny, but on the other, articles with such content are placed in the “History” section. And then articles are published against the falsification of history. And these people forbid someone to pick their nose?
        1. Antares
          Antares 19 May 2018 20: 47
          0
          Quote: Curious
          And these people forbid someone to pick their nose?

          The expression "WE and they" is familiar?
          I’ll even say more, it is also condemned by other countries, setting as an example
  6. DimanC
    DimanC 18 May 2018 13: 07
    0
    We have already seen something like this. Century so first AD Only this time there was no one to shout "Var, return the legions!"
  7. Meshcheryak
    Meshcheryak 18 May 2018 14: 46
    +2
    And I will say many thanks to the author for publishing articles about our glorious past! According to my family legend, my ancestor Fyodor Zarutsky participated in the Borovitsky hundreds of the Chigirinsky regiment, it was interesting to know the details!
  8. Monarchist
    Monarchist 18 May 2018 16: 55
    0
    Quote: svp67
    Quote: andrewkor
    What kind of Khmelnitsky is there, he’s not for Independence, but for an alliance with Russia

    Alas, it was his FORCED step. In the fight against Poland, it simply became clear that it was not possible to win on its own and the question was who to take as allies, and in that reality it meant whose tributary it became, Tatar or Russian. He chose the Moscow state, nevertheless relatives. But the next hetman, Ivan Vygovsky, made an alliance with the Poles. And hetman Doroshenko generally went under the Turks ....

    There were such quirks among hetmans. I won’t say anything about Vyayovsky, but there were songs about Doroshenko among the people. So he was popular among the people?
    1. Weyland
      Weyland 18 May 2018 22: 56
      0
      Quote: Monarchist
      I won’t say anything about Vyayovsky, but there were songs about Doroshenko among the people. So he was popular among the people?

      And about Khmelnitsky were: "But the body of that Bogdan Persian Kul did not pass!" precisely because
      Quote: Cherkashin Ivan
      battle brotherhood of Cossacks and Crimean Tatars paid by a donor from Orthodox slaves

  9. Monarchist
    Monarchist 18 May 2018 16: 57
    +2
    Quote: Curious
    Interestingly, before digging the Black Sea, Samsonov will come?

    We will live and see
  10. Monarchist
    Monarchist 18 May 2018 17: 08
    0
    Quote: Cherkashin Ivan
    Khmelnitsky, with all due respect to his talents, was just looking deeper and a softer straw. He could remain a vassal of the Polish king, could go hand in hand with the Sultan, or at worst to the Crimean Khan.
    And for some reason I don’t like the battle brotherhood of Cossacks and Crimean Tatars paid for by a hunter from Orthodox slaves. And you?

    "Fighting brotherhood of leaders and Crimean Tatars" what for the brotherhood, when the Tatars sent for money. As for the honey, at that time there were peculiar notions of ethics and morality: the traditions of honoring courage and nobility were still strong, but at the same time sales to slavery were commonplace
  11. Monarchist
    Monarchist 18 May 2018 17: 35
    0
    After two producers of any stories, I get the impression that Khmelnitsky is a cunning leader. I downloaded Kostomarov "Bogdan Khmelnitsky", but still have not reached my hands to read, and therefore I judge by what I read.
    The author writes: "Sulima was appointed general offender .... Teterya was appointed the new general Yesul," and what does the general wagon-chief of the rear of the army mean? What about the general esaul? I come from the Cossacks, but I have no idea what these positions are equal to. Probably, many are perplexed about these posts, but among the Poles: the native hetman, the royal hetman?
    1. Antares
      Antares 18 May 2018 21: 45
      +2
      Quote: Monarchist
      general convoy

      The general convoy is the second after the hetman. He was in charge of artillery, supplying troops with food and weapons, and took the position of punishment hetman (acting in the event of absence, death, deposition of the hetman). He supervised the construction of fortified camps and, as usual, became their commandant. Often took command of a separate Cossack corps. His responsibilities also included the compilation of the Cossack registry.
      Quote: Monarchist
      The author writes: "Sulima was appointed general offensive.

      However, this is not on the list.
      Ivan Chornota hetmanuvannya Bogdan Khmelnitsky.
      ? —1650.11.—? Ivan Volevach getmanuvannya Bogdan Khmelnitsky.
      ? —1650-1654.5 Fedir Box hetmanuvannya Bogdan Khmelnitsky.
      1654.5. — 1655.10.—? Timіs Nosach getmanuvannya Bogdan Khmelnitsky.
      1655-1656 Ivan Volevach hetmanuvannya Bogdan Khmelnitsky.
      ? —1656—1657.11.—? Timish Nosach

      Quote: Monarchist
      general esaul

      General Yesaul - two General Yesaul were assistants to the hetman: they helped to compile the Cossack registry, considered appeals that came from regimental and hundreds of courts, complaints and proposals from elders; monitored the observance of legality, customs and traditions in the army, conducted exercises and reviews of the troops, maintained order at the General Military Council. In wartime, hetman performed special orders, could command a certain part of the army, lead a group of parliamentarians during negotiations with the enemy command.
      Teteri is also not on the list of Russian Wikis.
  12. Senior seaman
    Senior seaman 18 May 2018 20: 47
    +1
    By decision, both hetmans and the most notable pans, as well as several thousand prisoners, were given to the Tatars.

    I admire the author. It’s so beautiful and veiled to explain that Christians paid for slavery by the Christians sold for slavery :)) Moreover, the magnates redeemed from it quite quickly, but the ordinary went to galleys and slave markets
    1. Cossack 471
      Cossack 471 18 May 2018 21: 04
      0
      There were also so-called "gutuvnye troops" - essentially unarmed and almost naked Cossacks. who during the battle both dressed and armed
      1. Bar1
        Bar1 18 May 2018 21: 34
        0
        Quote: Cossack 471
        There were also so-called "gutuvnye troops" - essentially unarmed and almost naked Cossacks. who during the battle both dressed and armed

        Jews in their epics have such a concept -galut is the expulsion of Jews from their homes. So can the Galutenian Cossacks persecute Jewish goyim from Galut?
        By the way, the Galutven Cossacks are not the poorest of hunger, but has a different meaning.
  13. Weyland
    Weyland 18 May 2018 22: 48
    0
    “Clap,” exclaimed Pototsky, “how will you pay the glorious Tatar knighthood?” It defeated me, not you with your robber scum! ”
    “Thee,” answered Khmelnitsky, “thee, who calls me a clap, and like you!”

    That is, Khmelnytsky’s arrogance was not enough to deny Pototsky’s rightness ... laughing
    1. Korsar4
      Korsar4 19 May 2018 00: 43
      0
      “The vanquished is always wrong - there is no one to justify him” (Arrangement from Stratagem).
    2. Antares
      Antares 19 May 2018 20: 54
      +1
      Quote: Weyland
      That is, Khmelnitsky’s arrogance was not enough to deny Pototsky’s rightness.

      There is the merit of Hops that he organized everything (even the Tatars)
      Well, put yourself in the place of the pan. You were defeated by yesterday’s subjects, whom you despise. You began to respect them sharply? So Pan Pototsky clutches at the Tatars, attributing to them the main success. Well, he went to the "winners".
      Remembering the film with Fire and Sword, Dudek — he tried to minimize the fact of Polish ambition — showed the scene only how he treated the Cossack and Polish ambassadors (the first to count, and the second he released Hmel did not touch) -
      These were My ambassadors! (Vishnevetsky)!
      In his film, Ukrainians look morally better.
      And in the beginning I’ll pay attention everything was more civilized - an exchange, a ransom ... and then what started ... We bought it in order to kill everyone. They killed everyone in their path.
  14. tiaman.76
    tiaman.76 19 May 2018 01: 28
    0
    ok so hit the zaznantsam
  15. naidas
    naidas 20 May 2018 17: 20
    +2
    The most interesting Cossacks were friends with the Crimea against Poland and all three became part of Russia.