Military Review

In the Russian Federation, a hybrid reactor is being created

28
Until the end of this year, scientists of the Kurchatov Institute have promised to assemble a hybrid reactor that combines the principles of thermonuclear and nuclear energy, reports TASS.


In the Russian Federation, a hybrid reactor is being created


Hybrid TOKAMAK is now called T-15MD. This is a big installation, at the end of the year we have to assemble it on the site of the old T-15 in this building (Kurchatov Institute). That we have dismantled, build a new one on its foundation,
said the head of the Kurchatov thermonuclear energy and plasma technology complex, Peter Khvostenko.

He also said that "a physical launch of the new installation is scheduled for 2020 year."

The institute said that "a hybrid reactor combines the principles of thermonuclear and nuclear energy, and unlike a nuclear reactor, it will work on thorium," which is cheaper than uranium raw materials.

Experts also noted that "unlike a fusion reactor, in a hybrid reactor, ultrahigh temperatures are not needed for energy."

The newspaper reminds that the Russian Federation, the EU countries, China and the USA are building the International Experimental Thermonuclear Reactor (ITER) in France, based on the TOKAMAK facility. It is considered the most promising device for the implementation of controlled thermonuclear fusion. The goal of the project is to demonstrate that thermonuclear energy can be used on an industrial scale.

Russian organizations are responsible for the production of 25 systems. The first plasma on ITER is planned to be obtained in 2025 year.
Photos used:
https://geektimes.com
28 comments
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  1. evil partisan
    evil partisan 15 May 2018 13: 00
    +4
    Very interesting! Where to read about this hybrid reactor? Who is in the know? Thanks in advance!
    1. NEXUS
      NEXUS 15 May 2018 13: 05
      +18
      Quote: wicked partisan
      Very interesting! Where to read about this hybrid reactor? Who is in the know? Thanks in advance!

      HYBRID THERMONUCLEAR REACTOR - a developed type of thermonuclear reactor, in which the energy will be used not only for the synthesis of light nuclei (usually deuterium and tritium), but also for fission. Blanket G. t. consists of two zones. In the 1st zone, fissile substances (uranium or thorium), in the 2nd zone, lithium-containing substances for the reproduction of tritium burnt in the plasma.
      Thermonuclear neutrons produced in a plasma with an energy of 14,1 MeV penetrate through the first wall into a blanket with fissile materials. When 238U is placed in this zone, neutrons are absorbed in it with the formation of 839Pu; if 232Th is placed in this zone, 233U is formed. At the same time, an energy of approximately 140 MeV per thermonuclear neutron is released in the blanket. T. about., In G. t. you can get about 6 times more energy than in "pure", ceteris paribus.
      Due to the multiple increase in thermonuclear power by the uranium blanket for G. t. it is not necessary to achieve a self-sustaining fusion reaction in the plasma and it is possible to reduce the neutron load on the first wall of the reactor as compared to a “clean” fusion reactor. As a result, the solution of many problems of the construction of G. t.

      hi
      1. evil partisan
        evil partisan 15 May 2018 13: 09
        +3
        Thank you! hi
        Do you have literature / articles on this topic? I’m already too lazy to look request ... Star became lazy ... recourse
        I have a fee! wink
        1. NEXUS
          NEXUS 15 May 2018 13: 30
          +5
          Quote: Angry Guerrilla
          Is there any more about the physics of the process?

          https://www.popmech.ru/science/12621-zvezdy-na-ze
          mle-termoyad /
          Read here. hi
    2. san4es
      san4es 15 May 2018 13: 07
      +16
      Quote: wicked partisan
      ... Where to read about this hybrid reactor?

      hi
      https://tnenergy.livejournal.com/98304.html
      January 20, 2016 using the new fast CMOS camera type Photron Mini UX100 recorded the first color video discharges tokamak COMPASS. In ohmicky plazmatech hotspots with divertorovou configurations and deuterium as a working gas, a video was shown about 1-000 frames per second for the formation of a plasma column, its formation and replenishment of circulating gas, as well as the interaction of plasma with the wall, leading to the creation of letících dust particles throughout tokamak vacuum chamber
      1. evil partisan
        evil partisan 15 May 2018 13: 12
        +7
        A bewitching sight! Thank! hi
      2. Chertt
        Chertt 15 May 2018 13: 31
        +7
        Whatever the "green" and "blue" would say, and the future lies with the Atomic and Thermonuclear Energy.
        1. Every
          Every 15 May 2018 14: 33
          +3
          Quote: Chertt
          Whatever the "green" and "blue" would say, and the future lies with the Atomic and Thermonuclear Energy.

          I support with both hands. All of these alternative energy sources are complete nonsense. Maybe they can provide a home with energy. What about the factory? Iron and Steel Works?
          It’s good that they are trying to “curb” thermonuclear energy. More economical than atomic and more productive.
  2. Е2 - Е4
    Е2 - Е4 15 May 2018 13: 03
    +5
    Since Russia is the undisputed leader in nuclear energy, I am sure that there are also larger-scale ongoing projects which are still silent
  3. net0103net
    net0103net 15 May 2018 13: 07
    +3
    This is very good news!
  4. ANCIENT
    ANCIENT 15 May 2018 13: 15
    0
    Further more is a hybrid nuclear thermo-ammunition? ? belay How to combine incompatible? ?? belay Tales, or an unsuccessful joke.
    1. siberalt
      siberalt 15 May 2018 13: 24
      +1
      Is it a joke that an activated nuclear weapon is uncontrollable? belay
    2. d ^ Amir
      d ^ Amir 15 May 2018 13: 26
      +3
      engine next .... engine .... for a spaceship
      1. Ivan Tarava
        Ivan Tarava 15 May 2018 13: 40
        +1
        Shaw do you want to fade away from us?
        1. d ^ Amir
          d ^ Amir 15 May 2018 13: 44
          +1
          from you??? still not ..... but a helmet for phasington would not hurt .... as far as possible and at maximum speed ....
    3. forty-eighth
      forty-eighth 15 May 2018 14: 26
      +2
      All the charges that we call “thermonuclear” are now hybrid in fact. A nuclear explosion creates the temperature necessary for nuclear fusion, then a thermonuclear reaction occurs.
    4. dauria
      dauria 15 May 2018 14: 26
      +2
      Further more is a hybrid nuclear thermo-ammunition? ? belay How to combine incompatible? ?? belay Tales, or an unsuccessful joke.


      Surprise, but they are all hybrid, except for the first purely atomic fission. To start the synthesis of a hydrogen bomb, an "ordinary atomic fuse" is used on fission. Then they came up with a “third” shell of natural uranium 238, which adds power according to a simple scheme of conversion from neutrons. I almost forgot the very first part of the "hybrid" - an ordinary explosive that brings together the subcritical masses of an "atomic" fuse. laughing
      1. voyaka uh
        voyaka uh 16 May 2018 10: 24
        0
        If they manage instead of the "usual atomic fuse"
        apply an electric "explosion" (blow up a supercapacitor),
        then the bomb will be clean. Neither uranium nor plutonium will be needed at all.
    5. Every
      Every 15 May 2018 14: 35
      0
      Quote: ANCIENT
      Further more is a hybrid nuclear thermo-ammunition? ? belay How to combine incompatible? ?? belay Tales, or an unsuccessful joke.

      Actually, now all WMDs are nuclear and not nuclear. If I’m not mistaken, the atomic charge is a “fuse” for nuclear weapons.
    6. Akuzenka
      Akuzenka 15 May 2018 14: 35
      0
      Actually, a nuclear reaction initiates a thermonuclear reaction in an ammunition. Read before you write something. Sakharov himself came up with this! Hypocrite.
  5. Ivan Tarava
    Ivan Tarava 15 May 2018 13: 39
    +3
    It is very pleasing. Nuclear industry is our strong point.
  6. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 15 May 2018 14: 23
    0
    It is very interesting! If you can do industrial
    thorium reactors, it will be great good .
    And then these uranium - all potential "Chernobyl"
  7. Kostadinov
    Kostadinov 15 May 2018 14: 34
    +1
    839Pu

    239 Pu
  8. Ural resident
    Ural resident 15 May 2018 15: 18
    0
    It is probably not quite rightly called here - while in its pure form, thermonuclear energy has not yet been curbed. These are just theories of the future.
    1. Ace Tambourine
      Ace Tambourine 15 May 2018 15: 38
      0
      The only thing left is to figure out how to keep the reaction at 5-6 million degrees away from the walls of the reactor ...
      1. voyaka uh
        voyaka uh 16 May 2018 10: 20
        0
        Americans in the Berkeley lab try
        do it with the help of thousands of lasers from different sides (in a circle).
        Until we get to the minute or something, what’s considered cool, so
        as before, the reaction lasted only a split second.
        1. Every
          Every 16 May 2018 11: 40
          0
          Quote: voyaka uh
          Americans in the Berkeley lab try
          do it with the help of thousands of lasers from different sides (in a circle).
          Until we get to the minute or something, what’s considered cool, so
          as before, the reaction lasted only a split second.

          We are trying to keep a heated substance with the help of an electromagnetic field (if I'm not mistaken)
  9. Abram
    Abram 15 May 2018 23: 19
    0
    it is not clear why the Russian Federation ITER in France. Firstly, they can throw it out of the project, and secondly, in the future, it’s a cross on hydrocarbons as a source of energy. No, I fully support this common work, for the benefit of all Mankind, but this cooperation is too strange, in the realities of current politics