Military Review

As Russian officers, the soldiers were outsmarted. Knapsack

48
Cases of bygone days, the stories of olden times ...


Probably, it is not a secret to anyone that pofigism of a soldier, that is, the ability to bravely overcome all the burdens and deprivations of military service, is no less a cornerstone in the army’s foundation than, say, understanding goals and objectives.

Moreover, it can be said that from the very beginning of time, when the army only appeared, in terms of the attitude of commanders and fighters, little has changed.

I am sure that even in the legions of ancient Rome, ancient sergeants in the same way drove the ancient soldiers. And they threw them scorpions in tunics, untied girths at horses, and so on.

Just without this in any way, judging by the millennia stories. A soldier is an organism that does not care much, because it is precisely because of this remarkable property that a soldier survives and wins.

But the main thing for whom the soldier doesn’t care, is the bosses (see above).

Who served, will not lie. That’s how any normal soldier will look at his direct and immediate superiors at any time. As a source, either nudyatiny, or as a threat to the prospects of digging from here to lunch.

And basically the soldier comes out the winner in everyday life. It is a fact. For inexhaustible his pofigizm and fantasy.

In particular - the Russian soldier.

But the story today is about one moment when the officers won the battle. Of course, the fight - not a campaign, but nonetheless. I want to show the case when the officers ingenuity defeated the soldiers.

Charter The Bible of any army, because without it nowhere. The charter is a fundamental document, which clearly and explicitly explains what, how and in what sequence a soldier is obliged to do if something happens.

The main problem in the 19 century was that the charter had to be printed on paper. And this really was a huge problem.

No, everything was fine with the paper in Russia. Released. And the statutes were printed on paper. But it turns out that they printed a little.

If you look at the charter from the point of view of the soldier, that the charter is a very useful thing. Not in terms of information, but in terms of paper. It can be smoked!

The tobacco content in the RIA was quite decent: 20 grams of fringe per day. And what is a smoke break for a soldier, I think it is not necessary to explain.

Charters began to end quickly.

Generally, they talk about those times, in many memoirs it was noted that the Russian soldier is able to tempt anything. Regardless of the possible consequences, corporal punishment, the guardhouse and other “pleasures”, the statutes turned into smoke so swiftly that the command understood that something had to be done.

The result is this:



Cotton scarf size 60 x 60 cm, in the center - the text of the rules of assembly and disassembly of the rifle, listing its main parts. Drawn drawings and text by stuffing.



Along the hem (edge) of the headscarf - printed images of scenes of soldiers' lives and military exploits:

























Who came up with such a move?

The magazine "Russian disabled" (in principle, the equivalent of "Military Review" in those years) in the 11 number from 14 in January 1884 of the year told that the lieutenant of the Life Guards of the Egersky regiment Kutepov and the second lieutenant of the same regiment Makarov developed a sketch of the "soldiers' handkerchiefs "(neck or neck, not said), which contracted to produce" well-known Danilovskaya manufactory ".

The idea, in fact, was not new. Similar scarves existed in other armies, appearing at about the same time.



As Russian officers, the soldiers were outsmarted. Knapsack


In RIA shawls settled down. Strange as it may seem for those times, but the initiative “took off”. First, the handkerchiefs could not be smoked. Secondly, the "paper" (as they called cotton) thing was not cheap thing. A soldier was allowed to take a handkerchief during demobilization.

About these shawls can be found even in the literature. Lieutenant A.I. Kuprin in "Military Stories" writes:

“Finally, with a sin in half, the recruit manages to repeat the words of the corporal. Lemaschak feels tired. He wipes his face and neck with a calico, on which the assembly and disassembly of the rifle are printed, and silently walks back and forth along the windows. The recruits still sit motionless, stretching his arms along the knees, and watching, turning their heads, behind the figure of his teacher. "

Scarves were released in huge editions. Millionth. Two types: with rifle Berdan and Mosin rifle. Plus, a very entertaining reading on the border. In principle, a sort of crib with a rifle, charter, and even a bit of entertaining reading.

The main thing here is to be literate.

Plus kind of like a piece of hygiene.

It is clear that the scarf could be lime, drink, exchange, but ... An interesting piece of history.


Soldier's knapsack scarf sample 1870 year. Exhibited at the Museum of Domestic Military History (p. Padikovo, Moscow region).
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  1. Amurets
    Amurets 15 May 2018 05: 26
    +13
    It is clear that the scarf could be lime, drink, exchange, but ... An interesting piece of history.

    Really interesting. I did not know about such scarves. The fact that there was a problem with smoking paper, I know, but to solve the problem this way is witty.
  2. Reptiloid
    Reptiloid 15 May 2018 05: 27
    +9
    Thanks for the story. Interesting post. The soldier’s headscarf has taken root. The question arises of the literacy of the soldiers, although the images were on the headscarf.
    1. Michael_Zverev
      Michael_Zverev 17 May 2018 18: 35
      0
      In the tsarist army, illiterate soldiers were taught to read and write.
  3. dedBoroded
    dedBoroded 15 May 2018 05: 30
    +4
    Today, charters and instructions can be issued in the form of comics.
    1. MPN
      MPN 15 May 2018 19: 02
      +5
      Quote: dedBoroded
      Today, charters and instructions can be issued in the form of comics.

      On YouTube, place ...
    2. Michael_Zverev
      Michael_Zverev 20 May 2018 15: 28
      0
      We already issued instructions for the M-16 in the form of comics during the Vietnam War, and during the WWII to the Libererator pistol.
  4. 3x3zsave
    3x3zsave 15 May 2018 06: 25
    +5
    Good article! Novel, more often like that!
  5. kvs207
    kvs207 15 May 2018 06: 41
    +3
    Quote: Reptiloid
    The question arises about the literacy of the soldiers, although the images were on a headscarf.

    The then army was mainly illiterate and recruits, taught the statutes and other knowledge needed for a soldier with a voice. However, Unther, not far, in this regard, left them.
    1. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 15 May 2018 07: 23
      +3
      Quote: kvs207
      The then army was mainly illiterate and recruits, taught the statutes and other knowledge needed for a soldier with a voice. However, and unther, not far ....
      ---- assumed. then the trick is doubly, maybe someone slowly began to read, using a scarf!
    2. Gopnik
      Gopnik 15 May 2018 12: 15
      +3
      The "then" concept is extensible. The literacy situation was changing quite quickly, and the 1870s and 1900s, in this matter, as they say, are "two big differences." In addition, then in the army the soldiers were taught to read and write, shawls, I think, greatly contributed to this, because you can smoke not only the charter, but also the textbook
  6. Korsar4
    Korsar4 15 May 2018 06: 50
    +4
    A good note is from the idea to the manner of presentation.
    1. 3x3zsave
      3x3zsave 15 May 2018 07: 11
      +4
      The manner of presentation, presentation of the material is the most Skomorokhovskaya, by the way. From the first lines, I did not doubt authorship.
      1. Vladimir 5
        Vladimir 5 15 May 2018 12: 32
        +5
        The statement of generalization about the disagreement between the soldiers and the command, especially the non-commissioned officer, looks strange. Mockery of soldiers and retaliatory actions occur only in armies with a forced recruitment of soldiers who do not always want to serve soundly. And to say so about the army of the Romans and other Greeks, from ancient times to today, is an indicator of not knowing history. Where the kits are voluntary, there is a different service, and as a result, relationships. According to this, the author needs to understand more about military topics ...
  7. Monarchist
    Monarchist 15 May 2018 07: 15
    +5
    I read it in one breath. Thanks for the story. I wonder how long the shawls were in the army? Ignatiev’s book: Fifty Years in Service does not mention such a scarf. Zhukov in his memoirs has never once mentioned such a scarf. Denikin told in detail what was supposed to be for the soldiers, but did not recall such a scarf.
    I have a question - a sentence: to tell about the contentment of the soldiers of the main armies of that time. In my opinion, even then there was a kind of borrowing and imitation.
    1. Roman Skomorokhov
      15 May 2018 08: 25
      +3
      This is an earlier period, 1870 and beyond. Actually, Denikin could not remember, because he could not catch. But the fact that there were a lot of these scarves, has survived to this day.

      Quote: Monarchist
      I have a question - a sentence: to tell about the contentment of the soldiers of the main armies of that time. In my opinion, even then there was a kind of borrowing and imitation.


      This is such a huge and extensive topic ... We are trying, but it’s like a trench for a tank with a small sapper shovel.
      1. Amurets
        Amurets 15 May 2018 09: 50
        +4
        Quote: Banshee
        This is such a huge and extensive topic ... We are trying, but it’s like a trench for a tank with a small sapper shovel.

        Yes, I agree. This is a topic like Grandma give me some water to drink, otherwise I want to eat so much that there is no place to spend the night. But this is an army joke. But in fact and seriously, it is necessary to bring a bunch of sources into one work, including Y. Gashek and his brave soldier Schweik. There, albeit in fragments, how the catering of the Austro-Hungarian army was organized. Yes, and in VO it was like first in Finnish, and then in the Second World War food was organized in the Red Army and it seems in the Wehrmacht. And many books from the Everyday Life series. I would especially like to note the collection "Gen. of the Russian Army of the 18th-early XNUMXth century", author-compiler Karpushchenko.
      2. Michael_Zverev
        Michael_Zverev 15 May 2018 16: 57
        +5
        Quote: Banshee
        This is an earlier period, 1870 onwards. Actually, Denikin might not have remembered, because he might not have caught it.
        The mention of the Mosin rifle on one of the scarf variants means that at least until the second half of the 1890s such scarves existed.
  8. Monarchist
    Monarchist 15 May 2018 07: 18
    +4
    Quote: dedBoroded
    Today, charters and instructions can be issued in the form of comics.

    Want to say that today's soldiers are so stupid that only comics are able to perceive? Although in this, there is something
  9. hohol95
    hohol95 15 May 2018 08: 11
    +7

    Soldier shawl, Italy, with detailed pictures of the interior of the 1887 Vetterli-Vitali rifle. Of course, the faces of the crowned persons, insignia and other information useful to the fighter.
    The drawing is applied in two colors: black and red. Manufacturer: some signor factory from Milan.
  10. hohol95
    hohol95 15 May 2018 08: 16
    +6
    Shown in the penultimate photo is a scarf from France -
    Dimensions: 80x70 cm.
    A handkerchief-military instruction is a rectangular piece of textile with a printed pattern so that the soldier has the opportunity to access the right information at any time. In 1872, after the introduction of universal conscription in France, most of the drafted soldiers were illiterate. Revising the training methods of soldiers, the commander of the Rouen garrison, Captain Perrinon, proposed the idea of ​​using scarves as a teaching aid and received a patent for this invention in 1875.
    No. 3 is considered the rarest of the entire series of handkerchiefs instructions, numbering only 10 numbers, adopted in France by the circular of Minister of Defense Farre of November 29, 1880 and were abolished by a circular of March 2, 1909. Each number of scarves was devoted to a separate topic or subject of armament: revolver, nozzle, artillery, etc.
  11. Olgovich
    Olgovich 15 May 2018 08: 51
    +4
    Invented by a bright head!
  12. nivander
    nivander 15 May 2018 09: 24
    +18
    in 1991, replenishment came to my engineering company in the form of 42 Uzbeks - people are not simple, prone to the emergence of a herd mind. In addition, they completely forgot the great and mighty Russian language and remembered that they were muslim 80 level-quoting two lines from the Koran \ Sheriat \ Tarrakata made them great ulama. Every morning they taught in Kolin and prayed together on a flagpole with a green banner (battalion for routine maintenance). I put up with this disgrace exactly three days then came up and said "People you insult Allah - do not forget people" . And he went .... 42 stomachs stomped after me, wanting to know the details. "Comrade Senior Lieutenant, let me address - what are we doing wrong" ----- "Mambetaliev, you still didn’t understand the ear in Russian yesterday, but then there’s zero accent and such deep knowledge in the charter, which suggests five on NVP "" ---- in response to heavy silence sniffing and beloved Uzbek game - hide behind Aziz Dostum-- "Okay Orochi - you didn’t choose the right direction - and you don’t correctly bow. There’s a special author , St. Sergeant Merzuyev will blame everything for you "---- Six months later, the company took an honorable 3rd place in the BiP
    1. beeper
      beeper 15 May 2018 12: 15
      +4
      I liked your story, Comrade Nivasander, but especially the presentation style! smile good
      Best regards hi
    2. Serg65
      Serg65 15 May 2018 12: 18
      +9
      Quote: nivasander
      in 1991 year, replenishment in the form of 42 Uzbeks came to my engineering company

      laughing A familiar picture! Only in my case there were three Uzbeks and a com.otd, the foreman of the 2 article, with the task (under the threat of delayed DMB), he managed until the evening, in the evening the holy trinity read Onegin in the original without accent!
    3. Curious
      Curious 15 May 2018 12: 32
      +8
      “In 1984, a replenishment of 30 Turkmen came to our motorized rifle battalion - the people are not simple, prone to the emergence of a herd mind. In addition, they completely forgot the great and mighty Russian language and remembered that they were faithful Muslims and pork was sharply contraindicated for them. Patience with they lasted for three days. "
      Anyone who has gone through the Soviet Army can, in one way or another, present his very similar story. East is a delicate matter.
  13. Curious
    Curious 15 May 2018 11: 48
    +8

    German soldier scarf. Apparently released in the late 1880s, as it contains instructions for the complete disassembly of the Mauser 1888.
    1. Curious
      Curious 15 May 2018 11: 54
      +7

      A similar French shawl. Yes, and the same age, apparently, since the Fusil Modèle 1886 rifle is presented
      1. hohol95
        hohol95 15 May 2018 12: 11
        +4
        In 1872, after the introduction of universal conscription in France, most of the drafted soldiers were illiterate. Revising the training methods of soldiers, the commander of the Rouen garrison, Captain Perrinon, proposed the idea of ​​using scarves as a teaching aid and received a patent for this invention in 1875.
  14. Weyland
    Weyland 15 May 2018 12: 07
    +12
    - Father, why do Catholics in churches have organ music, but among us Orthodox, only choral singing?
    - A singing talent, my son is a gift of God! You won’t drink it! But an organ, for example, can even be drunk ...
  15. beeper
    beeper 15 May 2018 12: 11
    +4
    Tremendous Thanks to the Author of the Article! good
    I read it with great interest! Chesslovo, did not know about such "registered" scarfs! request
    Best regards hi
  16. Gopnik
    Gopnik 15 May 2018 12: 12
    +2
    Interesting. Thank. Did not know
  17. Altona
    Altona 15 May 2018 12: 37
    +2
    In my opinion, if you make reprint editions of such scarves, it will sell well. Everything only rests on the issue of price. Can I make a Russian, German, or French publication, or what else? Roman, you basically threw a commercial idea to those who are engaged in fabrics.
    1. Curious
      Curious 15 May 2018 13: 13
      +3
      And they have long been made and sold. Go to a site like International military antiques and for $ 10-12 buy yourself such a scarf. There, for a long time people on the thirst for militarism have been making money. An exact copy of Panzerfaust is $ 225.
  18. bubalik
    bubalik 15 May 2018 13: 39
    +5
    ,,, with instructions for Martin-Henry rifle ,,,

    ,,,, with instructions for rifle lee metford
  19. Altona
    Altona 15 May 2018 13: 55
    +2
    Quote: Curious
    And they have long been made and sold. Go to a site like International military antiques and for $ 10-12 buy yourself such a scarf.

    ---------------------------------
    Thank you, of course, and the price is small, but I’m unlikely to buy on this site. And why not make a modern one with a Kalashnikov assault rifle, for example?
  20. realist
    realist 15 May 2018 15: 25
    +2
    Quote: Curious
    “In 1984, a replenishment of 30 Turkmen came to our motorized rifle battalion - the people are not simple, prone to the emergence of a herd mind. In addition, they completely forgot the great and mighty Russian language and remembered that they were faithful Muslims and pork was sharply contraindicated for them. Patience with they lasted for three days. "
    Anyone who has gone through the Soviet Army can, in one way or another, present his very similar story. East is a delicate matter.

    1986, Cherepovets, construction battalion - many who were, Tajiks, Uzbeks, Kyrgyz, Karakalpaks, Turkmens. Oh, and they entertained us with their knowledge: the capital of our country, Almalyk!
    But no one, including people from the Caucasus, prayed ..
    1. Curious
      Curious 15 May 2018 16: 18
      +1
      So I wrote not about prayer, but about pork. Nobody thought about prayers in those years.
      1. realist
        realist 15 May 2018 18: 54
        +1
        just remembered the events of the days of the past, it is important not the action but the fact of manifestation ......
  21. bubalik
    bubalik 15 May 2018 16: 10
    +2
    that the lieutenant of the Life Guards of the Egersky regiment, Kutepov, and the second lieutenant of the same regiment, Makarov, developed a sketch of the decoration of "soldiers' shawls"

    The idea, in fact, was not new. Similar scarves existed in other armies, appearing at about the same time.

    ,,,In the 1872 year, after the failure of the 1870 war of the year, universal conscription was introduced for all male French citizens. Special attention began to be paid to the training of soldiers. The military department of France made a very original decision. Special instruction handkerchiefs were developed, on which explanatory diagrams were applied to help the soldiers learn how to use weapons, provide first aid for injuries and basic tactics.
    29 November 1880 of the year was issued a scarf - military instruction №1 "Disassembly and assembly of a revolver model 1873 of the year." Scarf No. 1 is a square of red matter of size 70 × 70 cm, in which the center shows instructions for disassembling and assembling a revolver of the model 1873 of the year and the explosion is a diagram of the weapon. The contour of the scarf lined 20 images with explanatory text describing the action of soldiers in various military situations.



    https://topwar.ru/88004-francuzskiy-revolver-cham
    elot-delvigne-obrazca-1873-goda.html from 19.12.2015.
  22. kvs207
    kvs207 15 May 2018 17: 01
    +3
    Quote: Curious
    “In 1984, a replenishment of 30 Turkmen came to our motorized rifle battalion - the people are not simple, prone to the emergence of a herd mind. In addition, they completely forgot the great and mighty Russian language and remembered that they were faithful Muslims and pork was sharply contraindicated for them. Patience with they lasted for three days. "
    Anyone who has gone through the Soviet Army can, in one way or another, present his very similar story. East is a delicate matter.


    In 1986, being a sergeant, he went to Karakalpakia for a young recruiting for the construction battalions of our UIR. 4 - 5 out of 70 people spoke Russian well in our carriage. They fed them Romanian pork stew, from which everyone turned up their noses, such as faith does not allow. However, on the 3rd day of the journey, they began to gobble up this stew, already crackling behind their ears. And those who got into our unit, then, very much respected fat)))
  23. Glory1974
    Glory1974 15 May 2018 20: 27
    +3
    Anyone who has gone through the Soviet Army can, in one way or another, present his very similar story. East is a delicate matter.

    And here we have one resident of Central Asia who managed to go big in the urinal. He lived somewhere in a distant village. and then they took him to the army, brought him to the unit. He asked where the toilet was, went in, climbed onto the urinal. grabbed the pipes and somehow he did it. laughing
    the company officer on duty when he saw was in shock.
    1. Curious
      Curious 15 May 2018 22: 18
      +2
      And in our training of three sergeants in the platoon, two were Uzbeks. Both with higher education. One philologist, a second teacher of labor and drawing. So they are the twins of the Erkenovs, Karachais, called chocks. From the side it was pretty comical.
      1. Captain45
        Captain45 16 May 2018 20: 31
        +1
        Quote: Curious
        One philologist, a second teacher of labor and drawing. So they are the twins of the Erkenovs, Karachais, called chocks. From the side it was pretty comical.

        A similar situation, the company sergeant-Uzbek from Samarkand on duty to an Uzbek fighter from the village- "Ty bee-eater ... (hereinafter unprinted), you go here, ram!" laughing
  24. Altona
    Altona 16 May 2018 10: 30
    0
    Quote: Curious
    And in our training of three sergeants in the platoon, two were Uzbeks. Both with higher education. One philologist, a second teacher of labor and drawing. So they are the twins of the Erkenovs, Karachais, called chocks. From the side it was pretty comical.

    ------------------------------------
    The funny thing is that when I served, we had both Ukrainians and Turkmens in the control battalion at the same time. By the way, the Turkmens worked in a telegraph and printed quite quickly (apparently they teach in the high-speed printing training). Turkmen alone was a radio operator, even a sergeant, by the way the language is very expressive and similar to Chuvash and Tatar.
    1. Curious
      Curious 16 May 2018 21: 09
      +1
      "The funny thing is that when I served, we had both Ukrainians and Turkmens in the control battalion at the same time."
      Do you think the simultaneous stay of Ukrainians and Turkmens in the battalion is something unusual? We had more than twenty nationalities in the battalion at the same time - and nothing.
  25. Captain45
    Captain45 16 May 2018 20: 33
    +1
    In general, a good notion - he put his handkerchief in his pocket, he doesn’t take up much space and the weight is small, and everything you need is right at hand by the charter. By the way, I don’t remember where I read it, but the Germans in WWII printed cards on silk for saboteurs, so that identifiers for the sent Gestapo agents could be easily hidden. I read about certificates from I. Vergasov in Crimean Notebooks.
  26. Altona
    Altona 16 May 2018 21: 13
    0
    Quote: Curious
    Do you think the simultaneous stay of Ukrainians and Turkmens in the battalion is something unusual? We had more than twenty nationalities in the battalion at the same time - and nothing.

    -------------------------------------
    No, in fact there were much more nationalities. The Armenian Manvilyan and a couple of Armenians, the Pole Yundzil, the Azerbaijani Magomedov (who were taught on the transmitting language using barbaric methods), there were Moldovans, Russians of course from all over Russia — Vladimir, Yaroslavl. Lithuanian coders, Latvian Matsas. I just don’t even remember everyone.
  27. Michael_Zverev
    Michael_Zverev 17 May 2018 18: 37
    0
    By the way, print look what a clear, high-quality thing.