Military Review

Autographs of war, or the bitter taste of victory

32
The other day we celebrated the 73 anniversary of the victory in World War II. Every year, the “holiday with tears in their eyes” solemnly takes place in vast expanses, where once there were fierce battles for life and death. Always remember those who gave their lives and health for the sake of victory. One for all. And at the price our fathers and grandfathers did not stand. The lands of our Motherland and many other countries are saturated with the blood of Soviet soldiers. Only during the liberation of Europe from fascism killed more than 1 million of our soldiers, sergeants and officers. Many were injured and seriously injured, which caused their disability.


Autographs of war, or the bitter taste of victory


However, after the battles died down and the restoration of a peaceful life began, gradually, not immediately, the irritation of the authorities and the inhabitants who did not know the front-line life due to the large number of people crippled by the war began to appear. Somehow they did not fit into the new look of the reviving cities.

They were recalled, of course, but not often, usually by the holiday of victory, about their material distress, poor health care and the absence of acceptable conditions for normal life. But even on such holidays, military disabled winners felt uncomfortable. Bitter was the taste of their victory. Those who lost a family, their loved ones in the war, lost their housing and working capacity to support themselves in decent conditions especially suffered. Lonely disabled people were forced to beg, look for any feasible part time job for them. From such a savory life, many have leaned on the "bitter" in order to at least forget a little and return to their imaginary prosperous life for a moment.

There were also many who did not want to become a burden for the family in the difficult post-war years. They preferred to beg themselves, not condemning their presence to the poor situation of their loved ones. And, probably, they repeatedly recalled the words of wishes from the song about the wires to the war: if death, then instantaneous, if the wounds are small.

Autographs of war as a reminder of the price of victory

“Autographs of War” - this is how the national artist of the Russian Federation Gennady Dobrov called his cycle of portrait drawings of war invalids These black and white portraits, skillfully executed in pencil, convey the mixed feelings of anguish, heartache and positive expectations of war-torn people. Many of them are depicted with awards for feats of arms. The fate of each of them is an individual disaster of universal scale and an ordinary statistical fact at the same time.



Who just isn’t on these drawings of disabled veterans made in different places of the country! Here are artillerymen, infantrymen, scouts, partisans, and pilots. Each with several orders and medals. And all of them brought the fate of war with the bitter share of a disabled person. The cruel autograph left the war on their lives. And somehow it becomes uneasy when you look at the drawing of a “samovar” (disabled person without arms and legs) with a young face and piercing eyes of his wide-open eyes. Nobody knew who he was. The artist and his drawing, therefore, called "Unknown." So he lived 29 years on Valaam unknown to anyone. And physically disabled physician could not tell about himself. True, among the locals there is, most likely, a beautiful legend that his relatives traced him, who in 1994 found the only monument to the disabled hero on the island.



They recognized in him the pilot of the Hero of the Soviet Union, Junior Lieutenant Grigory Andreyevich Voloshin. He hit the front at the end of 1944 of the year. And in January 1945 of the year, saving his commander in aerial combat, rammed a German fighter. He himself was severely injured - he lost his arms and legs, he lost his hearing and speech. And all this for 3 weeks before its 23 anniversary. Most likely, his commanders reasoned this way - even if he survives, it will only be a burden to his relatives. And if the “funeral” comes, then at least they will receive a pension. So he became officially considered dead, and in fact almost a decade 3 lived in a disabled house on Valaam. The legend is beautiful and believable.

Disabled war veterans were the most disadvantaged. Their total number is still not known. It is officially considered that during the war years more than 3 million 798 thousand people were demobilized due to injury and illness. Of these, 2 million 576 thousand people were recognized as war invalids. This is about two thirds of the number of commissioned troops. However, in our opinion, these indicators need to be clarified. It is known that at the end of 1945, there were more than 1 million 30 thousand sick and wounded in hospitals. But how many of them were later demobilized for health reasons and how many were recognized as military invalids — such information was not published.

It is not entirely clear whether among military disabled people, those from 1 million 38 thousand officers demobilized from 1941 to 1945 for health reasons are taken into account. According to the above ratio (commissioned / disabled), perhaps about 700 thousand officers could be recognized as disabled with varying degrees of disability.

It should be borne in mind that later the right to receive a pension of a war invalid was used by the militia, partisans, former prisoners of war and some other categories of people who were seriously injured or injured during hostilities or in the line of duty. Thus, the total number of military invalids, in our opinion, can significantly exceed the previously published figures.

Special attention at public expense

As the historian of special services A. Volkhin noted, since 1943, disabled people have returned to the rear regions of the country, especially in rural areas, from the front. The security agencies began to systematically receive information on the growth of tensions associated with the adaptation of military invalids to new living conditions for them. Disorder, hunger, disease, indifference and abuse of local authorities - all this caused mass irritation and discontent of the disabled. Unfortunately, there were also data on the presence of traitors and agents of German intelligence among people with disabilities.

In this regard, work among war invalids was conducted in two directions: 1) informing Party and Soviet bodies about shortcomings in employment and rendering assistance to people with disabilities; 2) identifying the organizers of anti-Soviet activities, traitors and agents of enemy intelligence agencies. According to A. Volkhin, hundreds of war veterans were taken to operational records by the NKGB, especially from among those who, under suspicious circumstances, returned from German captivity. Psychological traumas received in a combat situation and during battles in environments, being in captivity and physical inadequacy hardened the handicapped and knocked out from the usual life rut. Some of them were thrown to the side of life. Persons with disabilities speculated, drunk, hooligans in public places, and some of them joined the criminals.

Since under socialism there could not have been the poor “by definition”, since the beginning of the 1950-s the government has tightened measures against the poor. In February, the USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs reported 1954 to Malenkov G.V. and NS Khrushchev, pursuant to the 23 decree of July 1951 “On measures to combat antisocial, parasitic elements” for the period from 1951 to 1953, almost 450 thousand beggars were detained. Among them, 70% or approximately 315 thousand people were war and labor invalids. It was noted that even in the conditions of Moscow and Leningrad, no more than 2 – 3% of the number of detained beggars were employed or placed in the homes of disabled and elderly people.

It was believed that in the Soviet Union there should not have been poor and destitute, so for the bureaucratic communication on this issue, it was necessary to introduce the concept of “needy”. But as a poor person you call it, income will not add to him. Surprisingly, even inside the repressive system they understood that the whole thing was not so much the poorest disabled person as the unfavorable external environment. In this regard, the Interior Ministry has proposed not only to punish, but also to solve pressing social problems.

The country was sorely lacking in homes for the disabled and elderly. It was noted that from 35 of such houses, the construction of which, by decision of the government was supposed to be completed in 1952, at the beginning of 1954, only 4 homes for the disabled and the elderly were put into operation. At the same time, it was proposed to increase pensions and benefits to citizens who have lost their working capacity, as well as to lonely elderly citizens who did not have means of subsistence. The unfavorable situation was particularly acute at major railway junctions and in large cities, including the capital. So, for example, in April 1954, the secretary of the party CIM E. Furtseva reported N.S. Khrushchev on the measures taken to combat begging in Moscow. “Among those engaged in begging,” she said, “there is a significant group of elderly and disabled people, many of them shy away from the assistance provided in finding employment and sending them to the homes of disabled people.” Apparently, it was not sweet to live in the homes of people with disabilities.

Out of sight, problem less

Those who were lonely and in need of care more often came to such homes for people with disabilities. There were also those who voluntarily wrote a statement in order not to be a burden for relatives and friends in the hungry post-war period. Those who were detained for begging, vagrancy or drunkenness came here. Most of them had military awards and were once brave defenders of the motherland. But their military destiny so ordered that the victorious front-line soldiers had to live out their life on government grubs in closed establishments.

Until now, periodically on the Internet there is information about a special operation of the bodies to "clean up" cities from antisocial elements and mendicants with disabilities, conducted in the early 1950-s. It is alleged that night raids and raids were organized, after which the disabled were loaded into teplushki and sent to settlements and to boarding homes. At the same time, the authors and participants of the forums refer to the fate of their relatives, acquaintances or neighbors, cite everyday memories and stories of people who considered themselves to be witnesses of those gloomy events. It seems that we are talking about the events in the fight against poverty in major cities. In small towns and in the countryside, judging by the available information, no such measures were taken against disabled people. However, the problem from this did not become less.

Information is available on the Internet about the number of war invalids, which are 4 times the official data. However, no documentary and statistical evidence or references to archived data are provided. Therefore, neither confirm nor deny, for example, the data in articles and forums on the Internet for more than 9 million war invalids who lost limbs (arms, legs), including more than 85 thousand disabled people without arms and legs (“samovars”) seems possible. Provides information about another 1 million 500 thousand disabled with other war injuries and injuries. In our opinion, the question of the number of military invalids needs additional study in order to establish the truth.

At the same time there are other issues. Where in the war-torn country were there so many accommodations suitable for disabled people? Some of them were monasteries. But even approximately, assuming that an average 1000 person is located in each invalid home, and taking into account that only half of the 2 million 576 thousand disabled people were placed there, then it took about 1250 premises in combination with medical complexes and consumer services. If we take into account the unofficial data on the number of war invalids, the need for such premises will increase to 5 000, not counting the auxiliary buildings. But as we remember, the state set the task of building only 1952 disabled houses by the year of 35. So where, then, were war veteran war veterans placed?

Special ointment on Valaam. Legends and profits

The home of the disabled of war and labor on the island of Valaam, on Lake Ladoga, was established according to the decree of the Armed Forces of the Karelian-Finnish SSR in 1950. To accommodate disabled people used the building and premises of the monastery. Initially, 770 disabled people and 177 people were taken there. the staff. However, as documents confirm, normal conditions for living and treatment of people crippled by war were not created there. There was a shortage of the most necessary things - medicines, bed linen, health workers, and much more. It was only in 1952 that electricity appeared there. A small hospital was opened on the island. The number of people with disabilities in the specials ranged from 500 to 1500 people. On average, there were always about 1000 people with disabilities behind its walls, of which about 800 were “samovars”. In total, the boarding school for war invalids employed aroundNUMX service personnel. It should be noted that several other monasteries in Solovki were also “redeveloped” as invalid houses, although “on hearing” most often mentioned is the one that was on the island of Valaam.

In 1984, all monastery lands and buildings were returned to the ROC. The disabled house was transferred to another place. In the summer of 2011, Patriarch Kirill of Moscow and All Russia consecrated a memorial to Valaam in memory of World War II veterans who had lived in the orphanage for more than thirty years and found their last refuge on the island. The memorial includes the Poklonny cross and seven black granite slabs, on which all 54 surnames are carved. At the same time, according to local residents, there are about two thousand nameless graves in the old cemetery of the island. Most people with disabilities died at the age of 30-40.

They recalled the war invalids who spent their days in the boarding school and in the central press. Journalists even conducted their investigations. Something managed to find out, find some documents. Even an exemplary list of about 200 surnames of people with disabilities has been compiled. The rest disappeared unknown. As the old-timers of Valaam recalled, nobody visited the disabled and did not look for them. And they themselves had already got used to their bitter share and were not ready for another life.

To be continued ...
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  1. 3x3zsave
    3x3zsave 13 May 2018 06: 11
    +12
    Very useful article! In our country, traditionally, honoring the memory of the fallen and honoring the living, they forget about those who are "half" ...
    1. Dmitry Konoplev
      Dmitry Konoplev 5 June 2018 08: 15
      0
      You are not quite right to eat those who care about such people, and there are few of them. But they are.
  2. LeonidL
    LeonidL 13 May 2018 06: 46
    +12
    I will give another example. My late father-in-law near Stalingrad, commanding the batteries of 76-mm divisional cannons, was covered with a bomb explosion along with the personnel at the NP, bombarded with logs and earth, heavily shell-shocked. They dug him alive alone. Then the hospital, in the hospital from the medical staff who helped and captured the Germans, was caught typhoid, then relapsing ... as a result, the military medical commission recognized the invalid, issued a certificate. He broke the certificate and returned to his regiment, reached Berlin, was discharged in the 46th. All my life I was tormented by the consequences of a concussion, but I categorically refused to restore my disability certificate, saying that my arms and legs were safe.
  3. Basil50
    Basil50 13 May 2018 06: 56
    +18
    The author gathered rumors and what * eyewitnesses * told him.
    And I remember people with disabilities on the streets, and even myself had to go to such a house for people with disabilities. All sorts of people were there, but there were no criminals there, next to the front-line soldiers, and there was no one nearby. It was hard to look at them and they understood this, as they also understood that they consciously sacrificed themselves and their health for all of us.
    It is impossible to sew either arms and legs or remove the effects of shell shock, even today it is impossible. And today's HEROES - defenders of RUSSIA also suffer. Defending us, they give their lives and health and also become dependent on the arbitrariness of small souls.
  4. Olgovich
    Olgovich 13 May 2018 07: 13
    +8
    About their financial distress, poor medical care and the absence of acceptable conditions for a normal life, they remembered, of course, but not often

    The mockery was the regular calls of the uncle who had lost his leg to the commission to confirm the disability group: as if it would grow back. Initially, his own sister, my grandmother, pulled him out after the wound: he provided, and looked after, and he lived with her, and provided education for him .. And she succeeded! He lived a worthy life: and worked as a master at vocational schools for decades and was a master at all hands, and created a beautiful family.
    for the period from 1951 to 1953, almost 450 thousand beggars were detained. Among them, 70% or approximately 315 thousand people were disabled war and labor.

    Terrible figures are witnesses of the "concern" of the authorities for their defenders ...
    It was noted that out of 35 such houses, the construction of which was to be completed by decision of the government in 1952, at the beginning of 1954 only 4 houses for the disabled and elderly were put into operation

    And this is for millions of people with disabilities! hmm ...
    In our opinion, the issue of the number of military invalids needs additional study in order to establish the truth.

    Why is power so she was only afraid truthsthat even a total figure has not been published?
    So where then war-maimed war veterans were stationed?
    The answer is obvious.
    The memorial includes a bow of worship and seven black granite slabs on which are carved total 54 namesand. At the same time, according to local residents, there are about two thousand nameless burials in the old cemetery of the island. Most disabled people died between the ages of 30-40.

    How so: thousands lived there, died and ... perished unknown ?! What kind of power? There are no words ....

    Thanks to the author for the bitter truth. You should know it!.
    These people protected us ...
    1. 3x3zsave
      3x3zsave 13 May 2018 08: 15
      +3
      The authorities here are only to blame for the fact that at the beginning of the reign, the traditional family way of life collapsed without offering anything in return.
      1. Olgovich
        Olgovich 13 May 2018 11: 10
        +7
        Quote: 3x3zsave
        The power here is only to blame for the fact that at the beginning of the reign ruined the traditional family way without offering anything in return.

        It goes without saying.
        But the charity of the disabled war is the holy duty of the state.
        And the main burden of caring for them took on families of people with disabilities. In addition to his uncle without a leg, he also knew a neighbor without a hand; his family also loved and groomed him. Uncle from St. Petersburg, shell-shocked, his wife dragged him all his life - they lived together a difficult, but quite full and dignified life.
        But not everyone was lucky with this ....
        1. voyaka uh
          voyaka uh 14 May 2018 13: 14
          +2
          This topic is so scary that I don’t want to talk.
          My grandmother was a surgeon on a military train in WWII.
          she told my mother something, and she told me.
          In the complete absence of antibiotics, continuous amputations were performed.
          with infections. No one wondered what would happen to these people.
          after the war. Relatives refused most of the legless, armless ones.
          None of the organizations dealt with them, and if they did, it was so cruel that they would have been better not touched at all ... In short, 10-15 years after the war
          most of these veterans, full disabled (and there were at least a million) were no longer alive.
          1. Olgovich
            Olgovich 14 May 2018 14: 31
            +1
            Quote: voyaka uh
            Relatives refused most of the legless, armless ones.

            From families of relatives and acquaintances I don’t know this, in literature, yes, I read, probably, and it was so ...
            Quote: voyaka uh
            None of the organizations dealt with them, and if they did, it was so cruel that they would have been better not touched at all ... In short, 10-15 years after the war
            most of these veterans, full disabled (and there were at least a million) were no longer alive.

            That is yes. Hunger, cold, disease .....
          2. Reptiloid
            Reptiloid 19 May 2018 10: 35
            0
            Earlier, to the article by Sophia Milyutinskaya Warrior, someone wrote that his grandmother was a nurse and told, told .... And now, the increase is a doctor. Or several grandmothers-doctors, who all amputated without anesthesia and about mountains of arms and legs, as in the comments to Sophia’s article, and all these grandmothers told me. In fact, I was looking for an article not for Sofya, the author cannot be remembered, about the invalid teacher ... .. Until I found her.
            1. voyaka uh
              voyaka uh 19 May 2018 22: 26
              +1
              It's true. I was sure that she was a head nurse. But most recently, my mother confirmed that she (her mother) was a certified doctor. I even asked: "Was she a doctor, or did she have a doctor’s diploma?" And he received an answer that she had a doctor’s diploma.
              My grandmother died of cancer two years before my birth, and I heard her stories in an abridged retelling of my mother. They forever turned me away from the desire to become a doctor.
              And I repeat: the fate of complete disabled amputees is one of the worst stories after the war. More terrible than all the gulags.
        2. Vladimir 5
          Vladimir 5 15 May 2018 23: 42
          0
          The author does not say, since 1948, people with disabilities disappeared from the streets of the cities, because there was a government decree to send people with disabilities to specialized homes for rehabilitation and treatment. Only in a strange way, over the course of several years, most of these gathered disabled people died ?! For a long time, even at the beginning of the 60s, pseudo-invalids still struggled across the cars and stations, but they were half-criminals. most of those who have not been to the front ...
          1. voyaka uh
            voyaka uh 19 May 2018 22: 32
            +1
            They quickly died, since in fact no specialized houses for rehabilitation and treatment did not exist in nature. Balaam is an exception. They were brought in fact to the colony without the right to leave. And without medical care.
          2. 73petia
            73petia 24 May 2018 23: 21
            0
            I was born ten years after the end of the war. And in the sixties already thought a little. There were a lot of people with disabilities. I mean the disabled war. And one-armed (I don’t remember armless), and one-legged, and legless. And much burned, and shell-shocked (shook strongly, they themselves could not even be). I never heard anyone talking about people with disabilities who were taken to some kind of boarding schools. All lived according to their families. Well, some drank heavily. My grandfather had no legs. His brother-in-law (the husband of his grandmother’s sister) was also without a leg. My uncle was also disabled. He is an artilleryman and, at a close break, a piece of bone was knocked out of his right hand. Doctors somehow blinded the hand fused. Only the curve was shorter. My father had an uncle without fingers on his left hand. The neighbor was without a leg, and away the neighbor was shell-shocked greatly. These were definitely invalids of the Second World War. Grandfather and his brother-in-law were given invalids. First three-wheeled SMZ S 1L, but these I hardly remember the little one was still. Then there was an SMZ S 3A, and even he had an SMZ S 3D. The truth is not a long 3 year maybe. He drove a little hard for him. In short, everyone they knew from their families lived and didn’t take anyone to boarding schools. And they all died in families too. Grandfather died in 1977. Uncle in 1986.
    2. motorized rifle
      motorized rifle 13 May 2018 15: 24
      +12
      The mockery was the regular calls of the uncle who had lost his leg to the commission to confirm the disability group: as if it would grow back.


      How would it be softer to answer you, I believe that you are not disabled, and therefore call the annual msec a mockery, but if you think that a disabled person without a leg, for example, was called to see if his leg had grown, then you are mistaken, and fatally. First you need to go through all the main doctors, and for the women also a gynecologist, pass all the tests, and only then you will be allowed to the commission. Have you ever gone to a proctologist for example, or to an ENT specialist? That is how people are arranged, it doesn’t hurt, why go to the doctors. And the disabled person is even worse, he has an allergy from doctors, but he needs them, more precisely, and how to make him visit them? Only in this way, otherwise he will not go to either an endocrinologist or an ophthalmologist, is the idea clear? Previously, I also thought that they were bullied, but when my own disabled person appeared in the family, I changed my mind and by the way, the procedure for preparing for the commission takes more than a month, but then a complete examination of the health of the disabled person is carried out. So dear, this is the case. And you immediately: bullying ... will grow ..
      1. Olgovich
        Olgovich 14 May 2018 06: 27
        +1
        Quote: motorized infantryman
        For a long time, for example, proctologist went?

        I hope you go to him often yes
        Quote: motorized infantryman
        by this and call annual msec bullying,

        I didn’t call, but front-line uncle and his companions. It's not my business to judge, but they had the right. And they said. Do you catch the difference?
        And it was impossible not to go. And for some, disability groups changed.
        So then, dear comrade ...
  5. Huumi
    Huumi 13 May 2018 07: 13
    +2
    The author raised this topic ... We look forward to continuing ..
  6. Cheldon
    Cheldon 13 May 2018 09: 00
    +6
    “And it’s not my fault, citizens, that I didn’t lie wet in the ground” (from the epic “Eternal Call”)
    1. alstr
      alstr 13 May 2018 12: 11
      +7
      Or like Vysotsky:
      "I’m completely and forever guilty of those
      With whom to meet today, I would consider it an honor.
      And while we are alive to the end flew,
      Memory burns us and torments our conscience - from whom? Who has it "
  7. Sugar Honeyovich
    Sugar Honeyovich 13 May 2018 09: 00
    +4
    Good eyewitness testimony: https://leon-rumata.livejournal.com/305427.html
  8. tasha
    tasha 13 May 2018 09: 36
    +2
    Any war leaves behind crippled bodies and souls. Everyone needs to remember this ...

    In a war-ravaged country, the Soviet government applied not only repressive methods to war invalids. Both employment and benefits were approved by relevant regulations. I hope the author will write about this in the sequel ....
    1. Mikhail3
      Mikhail3 13 May 2018 14: 24
      +5
      Employment, benefits ... All this was. A lot of people burned by the war, and so, plus disability, generally could not fit into ordinary life. No matter how you rehabilitate them. But that was not what always amazed me.
      As a child, I thought - well, how so? We are launching people into space, we are building giant factories and making amazing, amazing high-tech products of many industries. And what are these prostheses in general ?! What is this wild squalor? Where are the wheelchairs? That's what always struck me.
      It seems that none of the engineers was at all puzzled by anything that could at least somehow make life easier for people with disabilities. That is, such a task was simply not posed to anyone. Perhaps a couple of samples of some sort were lying somewhere. Maybe someone somewhere invented something. But this is somewhere, someone ...
      Your will, and all this always seemed to me a betrayal ...
      1. Bersaglieri
        Bersaglieri 13 May 2018 20: 50
        +3
        Strollers, ramps, wide belts, low-floor buses .... everything appeared only in the last 10 years,
        yes ...
      2. tasha
        tasha 14 May 2018 04: 23
        +5
        I'm talking about the one-sidedness of the article ... My grandfather, for example, got Zaporozhets .. True in the 1980 year ..., one-room apartment in 1984 ..

        Why are you surprised? When an official receives special rations, is served in a special hospital, drives in a special car, rests in a special sanatorium, and brings medicines from abroad - will he get high-quality prostheses? Remember the old joke about Brezhnev and vodka with a cap? How much money was sent to support different regimes and parties that declared their intention to follow the path of building socialism ... Perhaps everyone would have enough for imported strollers ...

        And one of the disadvantages of a planned economy is the rigidity of production ...
  9. hhhhhhh
    hhhhhhh 13 May 2018 09: 50
    +8
    The causal relationship is incorrect. It was not the Soviet regime that was to blame for the poor situation of the war invalids, but the civilized Europe, which attacked the USSR. Europe crippled people and Europe destroyed most of the USSR economy, which had to be restored.
    1. Tomato
      Tomato 13 May 2018 23: 15
      +3
      You're right. Europeans are ungrateful scum. When England fought with Germany, the Soviet Union immediately began to help England. Ships with weapons, equipment, raw materials, fuel, food went to England in a continuous stream. The Northern Fleet guarded and accompanied these caravans. All cooperation with Germany was terminated.
      Anyway, if Churchill had not agreed with Hitler on the division of Poland, Hitler would not have attacked England.
      These European scum just thought of themselves. We are not like that. Stalin was sick for the whole world.
  10. rJIiOK
    rJIiOK 13 May 2018 11: 44
    +13
    The author reposted the liberal lie, as if the veterans were hidden from sight, and they were forgotten.
    Firstly, the relatives often found the veterans, and they went home. Secondly, nobody forgot or lost them.
    I will later find an article on this topic, and post on VO.
  11. alstr
    alstr 13 May 2018 12: 09
    +3
    In fact, the question is not only about the disabled, but just about the war veterans who have often been in a hurry.
    Let's recall the partisans or the same children, participants in the war (the same Jung Solovetsky school was recognized by WWII veterans only in the 80s).
    And think about what were the children who fought (even had rewards) then sits down again at their desks? Here, involuntarily, I immediately recall Vasek Trubachev, where the entire third volume is devoted to this (which, incidentally, is usually not read).

    The attitude of the war veterans themselves towards their comrades was also different. For example, my grandmother was faced with the fact that very often women front-line soldiers were considered excuse me as prostitutes. Although often it was they who pulled them out of the battlefield or fought on an equal basis with men (it’s enough to recall only the anti-aircraft gunners at Stalingrad).
    This even slipped into the films (“Aty-bats”, for example, where the lieutenant’s daughter says that her grandmother did not recognize her, because she believed that her mother was a permanent resident).

    As for the disabled, unfortunately, immediately after the war, the country did not have the resources for their normal rehabilitation. And then medicine did not allow this. Alas.
    My grandmother’s first husband (my grandfather) was also disabled, but died shortly after the war. And how many died before the deadline (in 40-50 years) even of relatively healthy veterans?
  12. Aviator_
    Aviator_ 13 May 2018 18: 03
    +9
    The article, of course, is problematic, but the first drawing of the People’s Artist of the Russian Federation Gennady Dobrov shows a disabled person awarded the medal "50 years of the USSR Armed Forces" (resolutions of the Presidium of the USSR Armed Forces from 22 02 1968 and from 19 12 1969), as well as a memorial sign "25 years of Victory" (1970 g). That is, the disabled veteran depicted has nothing to do with the text of the article about all forgotten and abandoned disabled people.
  13. Alexander Greene
    Alexander Greene 14 May 2018 00: 20
    +6
    The article is another stone in the garden of our Soviet Motherland. Ah, how cruelly the Soviet state dealt with the war invalids.
    After the war, there really were a lot of people with disabilities on the streets of the cities, they begged, struggled, drank the collected money, and after drinking, often rowdy, fought among themselves, beat their wives, children. The injured psyche demanded an exit.
    Many did not have anyone, some lost their families, others were lost in evacuation, they were searched for, relatives were sought, those who had no relatives were attached to the homes of people with disabilities.
    But not everyone wanted to stay there, many liked the "freedom" - you can go wherever you want, you can drink, go for walks, do nothing, a tramp or, as they call it now, a homeless life dragged on.
    Of course, this could not continue for a long time, and the disabled were removed from the city streets to the homes of the disabled. And there, the “cruel” Soviet state made them work, but only loafers can think so. Working people know that longing is boring without work, so they treated their souls with labor, organized cooperatives at small houses of people with disabilities, small enterprises of local industry, where even the blind made brushes, containers, and assembled switches.
    I found those times, we, as pioneers, went to the homes of disabled people with patronage concerts. Everywhere was clean, well-groomed, they were fed well too, and disabled people treated us to fruits and sweets.
    The country did everything for them that its capabilities at that time could allow. Of course, it was not possible to immediately provide all the disabled with everything necessary, but as soon as they recovered from the devastation, they began to produce three-wheeled strollers with manual transmission, two-seater micro-cars, popularly called invalids.
    PS Is it really better for people with disabilities to wander around, spend the night in the open air, without any medical help?
    1. alstr
      alstr 14 May 2018 11: 57
      +1
      Let's look a little bit.
      The first thing to understand is that we are talking about different periods and the care for the disabled and them was different.
      Immediately after the war, the country received a huge number of disabled people. Immediately there was no opportunity to equip them, because it was necessary to restore the country.
      In addition, I remind you that in the western regions of Ukraine, the Baltic states, partially Belarus and the Caucasus, there was a sweep of gangs of formations. This mopping-up ended definitively only in the mid-50s (in the main resistance, until the beginning of the 50s-5 years, the remnants finished off).
      Here it must be understood that many people with disabilities did not want to return to their families, so as not to be a burden on them (this, incidentally, has been described more than once in thin literature). Someone really addicted to homeless life. And someone just got drunk.

      In fact, the state was able to begin to deal with human problems left from the Second World War only after 15-20 years. It was at this time (the beginning of the 60s) that work was begun to perpetuate memory, care for veterans and invalids of the war, i.e. when in general terms the economy has recovered. And the same houses of the disabled appeared.

      And what we already remember - this refers to the 70s and 80s, when the care for veterans was already more organized and formalized.

      Those. what is said in the article is true (veterans are abandoned), but what users say (there was concern) is also true. The difference is only when. Immediately after the war, the fact is that the disabled survived as best they could. But with the rebuilding of the country, care for the disabled has steadily increased.
    2. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 18 May 2018 21: 26
      0
      Maybe about a year and a half ago there was an article about disabled WWII. There was an example of how a person achieved a lot in society, despite the mutilation. It's a shame that the opportunities were different for residents of large cities or distant settlements. But it was for the healthy.