The National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute" 12 of April of this year celebrated its 75 anniversary, and on September 29 of last year 60 celebrated its anniversary of the Mayak production in the Chelyabinsk region.

There is a close connection between these events. Three quarters of a century ago, the Soviet Atomic Project was launched in the secret Laboratory No. XXUMX of the USSR Academy of Sciences, within the framework of which one of the most important tasks of ensuring the military security of the Soviet Union, and then Russia, was created. weapon.

Perhaps we, contemporaries of this tremendous work, still do not fully represent its significance for our country. But the fact that this event allows us not only to live in a sovereign state, but also to live in general, is an indisputable fact. It is also indisputable that the creation of nuclear weapons gave impetus to the development of the nuclear industry in the USSR, both its military and civilian components, led to the construction of enterprises now included in the state corporation Rosatom.

One of them, the production association "Mayak", is today leading in the weapons complex of Russia. Production of "Beacon" is widely known both in our country and abroad. These are reactor, radiochemical, chemical-metallurgical, radioisotope and instrument-making production.

But the plant has another “glory” - it became the predecessor of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. True, the sources of radiation were different: in Chernobyl - a nuclear power reactor, at Mayak - a tank with radioactive waste.

The place where this first major nuclear catastrophe took place was classified for a long time, it didn’t even have an official name, and the event itself over the years of silence was overgrown with rumors. To many, this accident is known as “Kyshtym”, after the name of the small town of Kyshtym in the north of the Chelyabinsk region, not far from Ozyorsk, the previously extremely secret Chelyabinsk-65.

Those who have been to these places will agree that it is difficult to imagine a more “unsuitable” place for such a disaster. The beauty around is amazing: the mountains covered with pine forest, springs, rivers and many lakes connected by channels. I happened to be not far from Ozersk, in the small town of Kasli, famous for its artistic cast iron. On the outskirts of the city, on the banks of the Irtyash lake, there are dacha townspeople, and on the opposite shore - Ozersk. Its high-rise buildings are clearly visible from the side of Kasley. The plant itself is located in 25 kilometers from the city.

The veil of secrecy over such objects was opened in our country only in 90-s, when the decree of the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation on the extension of the law “On social protection of citizens exposed to radiation from the Chernobyl disaster to the special risk units” was issued. This resolution also affected direct participants in the elimination of radiation accidents at nuclear facilities. They began to be called "liquidators."

With one of them, Major General of the internal troops in retirement, Sergey Georgievich Selivyorstov, I happened to meet and write down his memoirs about the “Kyshtym accident”. I think the eyewitness story of the tragic events, the beginning of which was laid on 29 September 1957, will be interesting to many today. Unfortunately, its relevance in our time does not decrease, but, on the contrary, increases.

Sergey Georgievich was born and grew up in the city of Ust-Katav, famous in Russia for its trams and participation in the project of the Buran spacecraft being returned. Ust-Katavsky car-building plant gave many indigenous Ustkatavts and visiting specialists a “start in life”. At first Seliverstov went this way: “I grew up in a younger family, and when my father died, I remained in the house the only“ peasant ”. By this time he had finished only seven classes and wanted to study further, but it was necessary to feed the family. I went to the factory, mastered the profession of electrician. At the same time, he entered the evening department of the mechanical technical school and soon began working as a designer. I liked work, I always dreamed of becoming an engineer and was sure that my dream would come true. ”

Sergey Seliverstov was sure: his future was tightly connected with the plant, but fate decided otherwise. In 1952, he was drafted into the army: “In March, a special appeal to the state security forces was announced. We were sent to Western Ukraine to eliminate the gangs of nationalist Bendera. The situation there was very difficult, there were real battles, although the war was over. ” Seliverstov in these battles did not have to participate. He was selected among many Urals for the service in the Ministry of State Security of Ukraine: “I got into the Governmental regiment. The service was calm, but one day my life changed dramatically. ”

Sergei Seliverstov unexpectedly summoned to the authorities and offered to enter the military school, where they needed cadets who had time to serve in the army. Sergey Georgievich approached “in all respects”: he had work experience, excellent characteristics, graduated from a technical school. But a problem arose: “I wanted to be an engineer, I didn’t attract a military career, so I categorically refused. At first they tried to persuade me, and then they said simply: “So it is necessary. I had to agree. ”

Invitation to the Lubyanka

Soon, Ustkatavets Sergey Seliverstov was accepted to study at the Saratov Military School of the Interior Forces of the Ministry of State Security: “I, having already had military service experience, immediately after entering the school, was appointed the squad leader. I studied, like many cadets, excellent. Soon he received recommendations and was accepted into the party. Then membership of the Communist Party was a prerequisite for further successful promotion. And after three years we were given the rank of lieutenants. ”

After graduation, graduates were given leave, and Sergey Georgievich spent it in Ust-Katav. Only one circumstance surprised and worried the young lieutenant: unlike his comrades, he did not receive a distribution: “I wondered for a long time what that would mean, but I could not understand anything.” After the holidays, Sergei Georgievich was ordered to arrive in Moscow, at the Lubyanka: “I remember going to Lubyanka with apprehension. At that time, very few people came to the institution of their own accord. Why called? Unclear. But my military business: ordered to arrive - arrived. And they say to me: “You will serve in Moscow”. Of course, I was confused.

The young lieutenant, a graduate of a military school was offered to become secretary of the OBON Komsomol organization, a separate special-purpose battalion that protected the Central Committee of the party. To the great surprise of the Moscow authorities, Seliverstov decisively refused this position, explaining his refusal as follows: "I am not a political worker, I graduated from a command school, I want to serve in my specialty." Then he was given three days to think, threatening in case of disagreement to send somewhere in the "dark". Three days later, Seliverstov again came to the Lubyanka: “I say:“ Send me wherever you want, I am a Uralets student, I am not afraid of difficulties ”. They gave me an appointment in Chelyabinsk. “Well, I think it scared me. Chelyabinsk is almost home! If I knew then ... "

In fact, Sergey Georgievich was sent to "Sorokovka" or Chelyabinsk-40. So before 1966, Ozersk was called. Then the city became Chelyabinsk-65, and only in 1994, received the modern name. Until the terrible autumn of 1957, there was very little time left: “I did not hear anything about Sorokovka then, so I went there with a calm soul. Served, of course, not in the city itself. Had to be on duty at the industrial site, which was located in 25 kilometers from Chelyabinsk-40. ”

"Industrial site" - so briefly called the radiochemical plant for the production of weapons-grade plutonium. Only those who were directly engaged in production or provided protection for a highly classified facility knew that what was being produced at this plant: “At the Industrial Site, natural uranium-235 was enriched, purified, and received liquid plutonium. The whole process was extremely harmful and dangerous. Of course, measures to protect personnel were taken, but then it was little known how radiation affects people. I will give you an example. On duty, I often had to meet with Academician Kurchatov. So, he never changed clothes in the sanitary inspection room, although we reminded him of this. Wave his hand, and the whole conversation! And we could not force it. In general, Igor Vasilyevich was a very modest man: he prohibited him from being guarded, accompanied, and greeted everyone by the hand. Often he gave his wages to young physicists who worked with him. ” Igor Vasilyevich Kurchatov died before reaching the 60 years. The number of X-rays received by people while working at the industrial site and during military service at this facility, according to Sergey Georgievich, nobody then measured and counted. As Seliversters says, for a long time it was impossible to obtain a certificate of radiation sickness at all. She was given out only to those who had few weeks left to live.

29 September 1957 of the year at the chemical plant "Mayak" an explosion occurred in an underground repository of radioactive waste production. As it turned out later, due to non-compliance with their storage technology. The explosion was not too powerful, but the radioactive cloud covered a large area. Residents of "Sorokovka" then saved only the fact that the wind carried off emissions products away from the city. The waste was mainly radioactive cesium and strontium. “On Sunday, September 29 1957, my chief Platon Afinasyevich Sinebryukhov, after much persuasion, released me to the city for one day,” Seliverstov recalls. “I went to Sorokovka.” It saved my life. It was on this terrible day that an accident occurred, the scale of the consequences of which then no one could even imagine. Platon Afanasyevich Sinebryukhov soon died due to a large dose of radiation received during the accident, and Captain Vasiliev, who was on duty at the facility at that time, was also killed. Many died later. I was later in Ozersk, as they now call "Fortikovka", went there to visit. At this time, of all my colleagues in this city, only one survived - Nikolai Ivanovich Konnov. The rest was gone.

Only in 1994, Selivorstov was given a certificate of a participant in the aftermath of the accident at the Mayak production association and radioactive waste discharges into the Techa River. This was done after his repeated demands and requests to the archives: he accidentally found out that a closed government decree had been issued on the privileges laid down by the liquidators. “If I didn’t make a noise myself, no one would have remembered me. After the terrible events of 1957, a moratorium on 30 years was declared: you could neither tell nor write about the accident, ”says Sergey Georgievich.

The inhabitants of “Sorokovka were really lucky then: a radioactive cloud passed by the city, but numerous villages, over which, by the will of the wind, had passed its path, were doomed. “After the accident at Mayak, Minister of Medium Machine Building Mikhail Georgievich Pervukhin arrived to reassure the population. But there was no panic: we did not know what all this could threaten. We guessed later, when irradiated people began to die, and we began to eliminate the consequences, ”Seliverstov recalls. - Everything happened in a nightmare, it seemed unreal. Residents of the infected villages were forced to completely strip and wash, took away all their clothes, gave out new ones. Houses were bulldozed, leveled them to the ground. All the cattle were driven into the pits and shot. It was terrible, but there was no other way out. By this time came the trains with prefabricated panel houses. Before the onset of winter, they were gathered in “clean” territories, resettled the injured, and each was given out 15 thousand rubles each. ”

Now the level of radiation in the river Techa is about four x-rays per hour. This is a lot, but residents of villages located on its banks continue to take water from the river, fish, and graze cattle on the banks. But as time goes on, it gradually erases terrible events from memory, and they become the past, history. People affected during the accident were resettled to many localities: so they became less noticeable. And when the irradiated were ill and died, it did not affect the prosperous statistics. Many, very many, radiation was reminded of itself only a few years later.

On Mayak, Seliverstov served from 1954 to 1962 for a year and decided to continue his studies - to enroll in a law school, but the medical board "rejected" him. As it turned out, due to a lack of white blood cells in the blood. This was the result of increased doses of radiation. He was accepted to study after all - to the military-political academy. V.I. Lenin. Four years of study have gone unnoticed. In the third year, Sergei Georgievich was given the rank of major, and after graduation, he was again assigned to the Urals, where he was engaged in the protection of all closed facilities of the Chelyabinsk region.

In 1974, Seliverstova was unexpectedly summoned for him to Moscow, to Minister of the Interior N. Shelokov. He received a new appointment - the post of deputy commander of the unit - the head of the political department of the division, in Gorky (now Nizhny Novgorod). In addition, Seliverststov learned from Schelokov that another rank (colonel) was given to him ahead of time: “I arrived in Gorky. The division commander there was then Nikolai Semenovich Orlov, a Karelian by nationality, a front-line soldier, a very experienced and knowledgeable man with a difficult character. He immediately stated: "It is difficult to work with me." And I answer: "I am a Uralets citizen, I saw everything, I am not afraid of difficulties." In the beginning - exactly, “sparks were cut out”, it was the case. But then nothing worked together. ”

Here, in Gorky, in 1976, Sergey Georgievich was awarded the Order of the Red Star: “Of course, I didn’t perform feats, but I worked very hard. Soon Deputy Minister of the Interior - Lieutenant-General Yuri Mikhailovich Churbanov arrived in Gorky. He offered me to serve in Moscow, in one of the departments of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. At first, I refused: the appointment of an unknown colonel from the periphery to no one in the capital would have pleased anyone, but Churbanov still managed to defend my candidacy. In the ministry, I was engaged in personnel work. In my jurisdiction were all political workers of the internal troops of the Soviet Union, graduates of academies. We can say we were friends with Yury Mikhailovich Churbanov, we went on business trips together. I often met then with Interior Minister Nikolai Anisimovich Shchelokov. ”

The further life of Sergey Georgievich was no less rich in events. He was soon sent to guard the "construction of the century" - BAM, then he was appointed deputy commander of the Western Military District for political affairs, was elected delegate to the XXVI CPSU Congress, was given the rank of major general.

Last year, 60 celebrated its anniversary from the day of the Mayak accident. The results are so far disappointing: 60 years is too short a period for the consequences of a radioactive explosion, which left a terrible mark on the Ural land, to be completely overcome. Witnesses who survived those tragic days are getting smaller. And the more valuable for us are the memories of eyewitnesses to this disaster. Sergey Georgievich Seliverstov turned out to be one of those who "fell out of life" in 1957 year. So fate decreed.
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  1. +2
    18 May 2018 06: 27
    Early kids got "atomic" matches. Look how much grief brought only a peaceful atom!
    1. +2
      18 May 2018 07: 31
      I drove 15-16 years ago, through Karabash, Kyshtym to Miass ... you could make fantastic films about other planets, a depressing sight, dead trees, colorful puddles ... tin.
      1. +5
        18 May 2018 09: 34
        Quote: Andrey Yurievich
        through Karabash, Kyshtym on Miass ... one could make fantastic films about other planets, a depressing sight, dead trees, colorful puddles ... tin

        This is not that Kyshtym, that is the city of Ozersk. And in the dead land there from metallurgical production, copper was smelted there so ...
      2. +7
        18 May 2018 10: 11
        Quote: Andrey Yurievich
        I drove 15-16 years ago, through Karabash, Kyshtym to Miass ... you could make fantastic films about other planets, a depressing sight, dead trees, colorful puddles ... tin.

        Last year you would drive through September-October when the plant threw out radioactive ruthenium.
        And the "high" state commission dumped everything on ... a satellite. But Roshydromet accurately identified the source of the release.

        So in 2017, not only Chelyabinsk, but also the western regions got it - welcome to the world of radioactive emissions ...
        1. +2
          18 May 2018 14: 08
          What are you saying? Nonsense!
          They said - a satellite, then you need to believe that the satellite!
        2. +5
          18 May 2018 16: 27
          By the way, the trees near Karabash are from cyanides in gold mining. Radiation has nothing to do with it. And I’ve been with the Mayak in friends since 57, when our city was covered by the VURSOM, and then at 83 we stood with the party’s base (seismo) 4 km south of Kyshtym, the background level was off the scale. When they returned to Moscow, they looked at us as people from "the other world". There is also something to remember. And 57 began a plague of people from onko. First a neighbor, and then my relatives, grandfather, mother ...
  2. +3
    18 May 2018 06: 33
    Eternal memory to all victims. Until now, a large number of offspring are dying of leukemia. Not by hearsay, I know a lot about the consequences; my father then went through practice there. He was saved by a business trip to Dubna, and his friends played volleyball this wicked Sunday when he fell away from the industrial zone. We examined the outbreak (fungus) with curiosity, then everything in turn .... Still crossing the bridge over Techa, everything told by eyewitnesses pops up.
  3. +2
    18 May 2018 06: 53
    it’s hard to imagine a more “inappropriate” place for such a disaster.

    Yes, nature is really beautiful there! But it is the presence of mountains and tall forests that provide the most suitable conditions for such hazardous industries. There is practically no wind and all emissions remain in place. There is another city here - Karabash, around the Karabash copper-smelting plant a lunar landscape ... Ecology is what industrial centers have to pay.
  4. +7
    18 May 2018 08: 24
    the cynicism of the situation is that there were 4 (four !!!) Chernobyls in terms of the number of radionuclides, and no one wanted and do not want to equate the status of liquidators and territory with Chernobyl even after the collapse of the USSR!
    1. +3
      18 May 2018 16: 33
      I didn’t even try, but try to prove it. that on the shores of Karachai drove profile. Mekhkolonna, whose bulldozers leveled villages and cut soil, no matter how hard they tried to register, no way to a legal address, people were in a clean area, and the aliens probably carried the aliens
  5. +1
    18 May 2018 09: 36
    Well, it’s good that these heroes were recognized by the liquidators, but what about the others. At the same Beloyarsk nuclear power plant there were several accidents in the elimination of the consequences of which a lot of people were injured, and when will they be counted among the "liquidators"?
  6. 0
    18 May 2018 10: 06
    Perhaps we, contemporaries of this huge work, do not yet fully understand its significance for our country. But the fact that this event allows us not only to live in a sovereign state, but also to live in general, is an indisputable fact.

    Question to the author - how many US countries have been wiped out by nuclear weapons?
    Well, North Korea is shallow and no one touched it during the years of the collapse of the USSR, when no one could stand up for it.
  7. +3
    18 May 2018 10: 31
    People who were injured during the accident were resettled in many settlements: this way they became less noticeable. And when the irradiated were sick and dying, this did not affect the successful statistics.

    I was in such a village where the settlers were evicted from the EURT.
    1982 - there was only one old man in the whole village - the rest of the houses were abandoned - most died or left. After 5 years, this village was leveled with bulldozers - no one was left.

    Now the radiation level in the Techa River is about four x-rays per hour. This is a lot, but residents of villages located along its banks continue to take water from the river, fish, graze cattle on the banks.

    The radioactivity of the Techa River is a separate crime against the people. Techa flows from Lake. Karachay, where for many years the Manyak plant dumped highly radioactive waste and about 20000 people lived downstream.
  8. +3
    18 May 2018 10: 49
    Um ... I’ve served there for several years. We all had ID-11 dose meters. But I would not say that there is a radioactive hell. Rather, the opposite. Karabash, yes ... It’s completely wounded, but this is due to the copper-electrolyte production. Karachay fell asleep. I don’t know ... The consequences were not very felt.
    1. +2
      18 May 2018 11: 07
      Have you been to the burial ground? Or were they on duty on the perimeter?
      My mechanics worked on servicing bulldozers in the area of ​​the repository - the level of soil pollution is high - Atomstroy customer.
      They planned to bury the equipment there.
      1. +4
        18 May 2018 12: 47
        Yes, it was everywhere. Well, I say, served. They didn’t ask us much. There is more than one burial ground. Yes, and there were a lot of accidents of different sizes. Everything was poured into the Techinsky swamp. I’m a plumber, the waters of this infected pumped sea. But the water is not active, it is simply infected. The emulsion is suspended-cesium-oxides ... Yes, it was a long time ago, but then there were no tantrums about the victims. All were evicted when the line. More than half of the ban came under the protection of the Sorokovka perimeter, almost a whole division of explosives guarded there. Of the unusual, I remember that in Tatysh and Ulagach there was a curve with a curved spine, but locals caught it. The equipment that went into the ban on work was immediately written off. So no wonder. There is a lot of scrap metal.
  9. +2
    18 May 2018 10: 53
    About 5 years ago, mechanics serviced equipment that worked on land restoration just at the burial ground at Mayak.
    One wanted to wash his hands in a puddle - they stopped him in time, the level of radiation is high. All equipment will remain in the same place - the level of radiation is too high.

    In connection with the drying and dusting of the shores of Lake Karatchay, there was a secondary pollution of the territory of the region.
    Currently, the lake is filled up, but due to the fact that the water level in it periodically changes - this is a headache for millennia.
    Radioactive waste gradually spreads through the lens of groundwater at great depths.

    A total of 120 million Ku of radioactive waste was accumulated in the bowels of the lake. This is almost 2,5 times more than released into the environment as a result of the 1986 Chernobyl disaster. And Karachay is the most radioactive lake in the world.

    Its radionuclides will be dangerous for hundreds of thousands of years, almost always. After the beginning of the active exploitation of Karachai as a storage of liquid radioactive waste under the lake, a lens formed. For some reason, the press service of the company kept silent about this. The underground lens is larger in size than the lake itself, it is millions of cubic meters of hazardous waste. And the main problem of Karachai is groundwater pollution with access through the right bypass channel to the Techa River.

    They started to fill the lake in the middle of the last century, from 1969, two years after the wind dispersal of radionuclides from the shores of this Karachai. Then this was a very serious accident, several thousand square kilometers were repeatedly polluted. And backfilling of the lake can only prevent a possible repetition of the tornado of 1967. And how much taxpayer money was spent during this time, I don’t know, even who knows, except the Lord God. Tens of billions of rubles were allocated from the latest program, “Ensuring Nuclear and Radiation Safety for 2008 and for the Period Until 2015”.

    Andrey Talevlin
    1. 0
      18 May 2018 18: 27
      Accident at Kalinin NPP in 2011
  10. +12
    18 May 2018 19: 58
    "" At the Industrial Site, natural uranium-235 was enriched, refined, and liquid plutonium was obtained. "
    This could write only a victim of the exam.
    No matter how much you enrich or clean uranium-235, you won’t get plutonium-239, much less liquid.
    I inform the author of an incredible scientific fact that to convert uranium 235 into plutonium 239, you need a nuclear reactor.
    What happens in a uranium 235 reactor is neither enrichment nor purification.
    Also unbelievable news, plutonium -239, it is metal and its melting point is somewhere around 635 C.
    Removing, processing and storing plutonium 239 in liquid form can only be done by the author ...... of the article.
    I see only one purpose of writing this article, once again slandering the history of the USSR and people who did not spare themselves worked for Mayak HC to protect their country.
    Why not describe the following incident to the author:
    "September 11, 1957. USA, Denver, Rocky Flats Plutonium Manufacturing Plant
    The first of three major fires occurred at the Rocky Flats plutonium production facility, located 27 kilometers from the city of Denver. The fire started as a result of the ignition of metallic plutonium in the glove box. Through the ventilation system, the fire spread to the entire factory building. The firefighters' attempt to suppress it with carbon dioxide failed.
    Pipe ventilation filters burned to trap plutonium aerosols. A cloud of radioactive smoke rose to a height of 160 feet. Firefighters used water to extinguish. 30 thousand gallons of it with unfiltered radioactive impurities fell into the local sewer. The fire lasted about 13 hours. The amount of plutonium disposed of is not known exactly. According to various estimates, it ranged from 14 to 250 kilograms. A few days later, although many of the plant’s buildings were heavily polluted, plutonium production continued. "
    Up to 250 kg of plutonium was released into the atmosphere in the United States in a few days, now it is clear why there are so many idiots among Americans.
    Or here is another fact:
    From 1945 to 1999 60 accidents with the occurrence of a self-sustaining chain reaction (SCR) are described in the world: in the USA - 33, the USSR / Russia -19, Canada - 2 and one each - in England, Argentina, Belgium, France, Yugoslavia, Japan.
    As usual, Americans are ahead of the rest.
    1. +5
      19 May 2018 11: 16
      I completely agree with you, the phrase about reprocessing "235 uranium into liquid plutonium" also seemed wild to me. Victim of the exam.
  11. 0
    18 May 2018 20: 06
    Yes, conscripts, that in Chernobyl, which in 1957 was lucky, probably the most. My mother's cousin just served urgent in 1957, received the status of a liquidator in the mid-90s for the tragedy on the land of Chelyabinsk ... I would also remember about peaceful atomic explosions. Because of their radioactive muck, water spilled, count, throughout the territory of the Russian Federation, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan. In my native Arkhangelsk region, the last peaceful nuclear explosion was conducted in the USSR. Which of my acquaintances I will not ask about him - no one heard anything ...
    1. +1
      19 May 2018 17: 50
      And my father took part in the elimination of the consequences of both Kyshtym and Chernobyl ... In the first case, the conscript was cordoned off, and in the second, civilian, demolished villages were buried and buried in a 10-kilometer zone ...
    2. +1
      20 May 2018 11: 15
      And how did water pour out from peaceful atomic explosions, a cavern from the explosion is sintered, a monolith is obtained, through such a crust neither water nor radiation will penetrate or exit. There are few radiation from thermonuclear explosions, and 95% of the elements are short-lived.
  12. +2
    19 May 2018 00: 33
    And how to perceive this material? Under socialism, they didn’t really like to remember the really tragic moments of history, but now - all for the money! Who will rake all this, who will finance the lives of people, and what kind of life it is, this is a disaster!
    At the same time, there will always be personalities glorifying the feat of the people and at the same time someone will dishonor us on these facts. There are no people in the government who really understand the problem, so we wander around until about, this is really huge money.
    That's all over, there is no money and fame on such projects.
    The life of people in their own hands ...................................... these are very short hands
    1. 0
      19 May 2018 10: 44
      I must say a big thank you to the leadership of the USSR for all this - and now Russia will spend a lot of money to clean up all these burial grounds and pollution of decay products.
  13. +1
    20 May 2018 22: 18
    Well yes. And the SCR is called "Cherenkov radiation." We worked - and we work, but we have jambs happen. Only we work so that nuclear energy is plowed and built in the country. Compare with the USA? The last reactor has been built for 30 years! From France? There 20. And these are the leaders, except for Russia no longer be called! We live, work. Yes, sometimes we get, and the first
  14. 0
    20 May 2018 22: 21
    Yes, and the author - he mixed up the Mayak and the Mayat several times
    In general, he still has a lot to learn. For example Rogov 5
  15. 0
    22 May 2018 20: 29
    Vadim237, dear, environmentalists about the Perm Canal (it was created by three ground explosions or lies) they say, basically, abusively. About Kumzhevoy in the NAO questions and mats carts and a small cart. Although the geographers began to call permafrost not eternal, but perennial, the properties of perennial ice did not change - it melted during nuclear explosions, saying. Sometimes quickly - turning into steam.

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