Military Review

The trial of the fascist oligarchs

20



"... 12 years imprisonment with confiscation." And the hall exploded with an alarming roar!

Nobody admitted his guilt. The last of the 27 convicts in the case of the accomplices of the Third Reich was released in 1952 year. Alfried Krupp came out even earlier, in 1951. The third most important defendant, the owner of the industrial empire, Friedrich Flick, was released in 1950 year.

* * *


After the end of the great Nuremberg trials, which ended with the condemnation of the Reich top leadership, the Nuremberg trials of smaller scale over the other accomplices of the regime began. The greatest number of military tribunals took place in the American zone of occupation, where, during the 12 processes, the actions of representatives of all spheres of German society were consistently evaluated. Nazi executioners (7 death sentences) were convicted. Then the trial of the judges. In April, 1947, the time has come for a response for representatives of big business.

The trial of Flick (from April to December 1947).
The process of the case of “IG Farben” (from August 1947 to July 1948).
Krupp trial (from December 1947 to July 1948).

For those who still do not know what these names and surnames represented. Flick and Krupp - heavy industry, metallurgy, major arms manufacturers for the Third Reich. Intexen-Gemeinschaft (Community of Interest) “Farben” is a legendary cartel, the largest scientific center of its era, an association of six German chemical companies. Angels and evil geniuses, those who invented the method of obtaining synthetic oil and gas for mass murder “Cyclone-B”.

The fact that the majority of the accused have a NSDAP membership card, direct cooperation with the fascist regime, the fulfillment of Wehrmacht’s military orders and other obvious things were not taken into consideration as charges.

All questions of the tribunal were related to the actions of business representatives in the occupied territories. The actions were no different. If modern magnates are forced to somehow reckon with legislation, labor standards and salary payments to employees, imagine how, under conditions of absolute absolute power, they “blew off the roof” of the fascist oligarchy and top managers who owned hundreds of enterprises in the occupied territories.

The criminal cases included, as they say now, raider seizures, criminal property seizure and the use of bonded labor by millions of concentration camp prisoners.

German “der Ordnung” (order) turned out to be hell of hell. No autonomy for “subsidiary nations”, no illusions of rights and freedoms. The single requirement is submission to the German masters. For failure to comply with plans - repression to the full extent of wartime. For defects, sand in the bearings and other signs of sabotage, the Germans could put the entire work shift into expense.

Otherwise, everything was fine, everyone was happy with everything, “they drank Bavarian beer” and “went on Mercedes”.

Despite the differences in the methods of “privatization” and organizational aspects that had their own characteristics for each of the occupied territories, the overall scheme looked obvious. After the end of hostilities and the capitulation of the country, the entire industrial infrastructure passed under the control of the German military administration. A large “division” began, during which what was not part of the state concern “Hermann Goering” was distributed among private entities. The rigidity of the approaches increased in the direction from west to east.

The key difference in the situation with the Soviet Union was that he did not give up and continued to fight fascism. The continued fighting along with the severe destruction of infrastructure in the occupied territories of the USSR made the “investment climate” extremely unattractive for the German “partners”. Only a limited number of mining companies acted on the territory of our country, along with the banal looting of the remaining infrastructure. Peaceful idyll was complemented by endless hijacking of “Ostarbeiters” to work in Germany.

After reviewing the contents of the cases of the fascist industrialists, you are probably ready to make a definite verdict: find the defendants guilty of all the charges and sentence the moral monsters to the highest degree. The least they deserve.

Historians rightly believe that it was hardly worth carrying out separate processes for them. The scale and severity of the crimes committed made Flick and Krupp worthy to sit on the same bench with the other defendants of the great Nuremberg Tribunal. But.

Justice in historical science - the concept is unknown. Especially when it comes to such prominent figures who had close ties with the political and business elite of all Western countries.

Raven crow ...

Friedrich Flick was sentenced to 7 years in prison, of which he spent only three years in captivity.

After parole, Flick immediately revived his empire, and by 1960 the year reappeared in the top lines of the list of the richest people in Germany. Flick never admitted his guilt and refused to pay any compensation to prisoners of war and prisoners of concentration camps, whose bonded labor was used in his factories throughout the war.

The Soviet Union expressed indignation about the unacceptable softness of sentences and regularly put forward demands for the extradition of war criminals. Of course, all this was only a means of ideological struggle. As for the Soviet zone, there were no large-scale trials of fascist criminals.

First, there was no one to judge. Aware of the irreconcilable fury of the Soviet side, the key figures of German politics and big business preferred to run to the West in advance and surrender to the hands of the allies. Secondly, the USSR had no time to deal with formalities, it was necessary to rebuild the country and settle issues on reparations. Accidentally scoundrels were immediately sent to the loop by the decision of a military tribunal.

We return to the Nuremberg process over the German industrialists.

Elder Krupp was released from the tribunal for health reasons. Back in 1941, old Gustav was completely out of his mind and was forced to transfer control to his son, Alfried Krupp.

The trial of the fascist oligarchs


Son got his legitimate 12 years with confiscation. By decision of the Tribunal, Krupp was forced to sell all his enterprises, and to pay the proceeds from the sale in the form of compensation to the victims. However, the execution of the harsh sentence was interrupted by an unexpected circumstance: there was not a single buyer for the dilapidated workshops and the enterprises that were neglected.

At the beginning of 1951, at the personal request of the High Commissioner of the American Occupation Zone, Alfried Krupp was released early and returned to managing his plants.

Today, at the beginning of the twenty-first century, the Krupp empire continues its history in the form of Europe’s largest industrial concern “TyssenKrupp AG”.

Worst of all was the chemical cartel IG Farben. The American military tribunal concluded that World War II would have been impossible without its activities. Heinrich Butefish (IG Farben’s manager) and Heinrich Gateeneu (IG Farben’s official representative, also an SS officer) financed Hitler’s rise to power with the expectation of government support for synthetic fuel manufacturers. Subsequently, to expand scientific projects, the fascists created an experimental base for the company Farben - the Auschwitz concentration camp.

14 April, 1941 G, in Ludwigshafan, Otto Armbrust, a representative of IG Farben, responsible for the Auschwitz project, told his colleagues: “Our new friendship with the SS is a blessing. We have taken all necessary measures to integrate concentration camps in favor of our enterprise.».


The pharmaceutical departments of IG Farben used the victims of concentration camps as experimental subjects in deadly human experiments.

“These criminals from IG Farben, and not Nazi fanatics, are the main war criminals. If their crimes are not brought into the world, and they themselves will not be punished, they will pose a much greater threat to the future world than Hitler if he remained alive. And if their guilt is not made public, they will bring even more harm to future generations. ”

(From the speech of the official US prosecutor at the Nuremberg trial.)

At the trial in the IG Farben case, the company's “top managers” were tried. The main criminals did not repent of anything and were able to avoid serious punishment. Having received the minimum time, they returned to the management of a large business.

However, the ominous shadow of Nazism fell on the names of those who had nothing to do with savvy experiences, financial frauds and chemical warfare agents.

Arthur von Weinberg, Carl Bosch (his discovery is currently feeding a third of the world's population) and other brilliant scientists of 1920's. Their names were known to contemporaries like today's Ilon Mask.

In view of their advanced age, many of the founders of Farben did not see the start of the war. And the relations of the scientists themselves with the Nazis remained, to put it mildly, cool. For example, Weinberg died for an obvious reason in the Theresienstadt ghetto concentration camp.

Despite this, the names of the founders of IG Farben, along with the desecrated name of their company, were brought to shame and deleted from the pages of history. Together with the little-known names of company executives who held positions of responsibility in the era of fascism.

The “community of interest” was liquidated by the decision of the tribunal, and pronouncing the name IG Farben became shameful in the society of decent people.

Organizationally, the Community immediately split into six of its original components (and a number of smaller entities). You probably know some of these names: BASF, Bayer, AGFA. The turnover of these companies is currently 20 times the turnover of the sinister IG Farben.



In the formal aspect, the liquidation of IG Farben took a little longer than the members of the tribunal assumed. Over the years 70 in Frankfurt am Main, there is an annual meeting of the IG Farben community. The descendants of war criminals are still trying to resolve the financial and legal issues that have arisen during the division of the company. According to tradition, a vile event is accompanied by the speeches of anti-fascists and participants in organizations commemorating the victims of the Holocaust.

Epilogue

Not experiencing a single drop of sympathy for fascist henchmen and bastards who drowned half the world in blood, I note that the wording "oligarch" does not exactly correspond to the industrialists of the Third Reich. Flick, Krupp and IG Farben did not plunder the bowels of their own country, and their super-profits were due to a high degree of product processing.

When changing policies, the accumulated industrial potential became the main hope for the future of the country. As a result, already at the beginning of the 1950's. industrial production in the war-ruined Germany exceeded the figures of the pre-war level.

Evil geniuses were, without exaggeration, progressors for all mankind, and the whole world used their inventions.

As for ethical issues, this is a well-known situation, and there is nothing to discuss there. For 300% profit, the capitalist will sell the rope on which he will be hung (K. Marx). In my opinion, the meaning of the story with Krupp and IG Farben is this: we should not allow a situation in which big business gets uncontrolled power.
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  1. Uncle lee
    Uncle lee 4 May 2018 05: 53
    +2
    a situation in which big business gains uncontrolled power should not be allowed.
    these words, but to God’s ears!
    1. Ingvar 72
      Ingvar 72 4 May 2018 06: 14
      +4
      Industrialists are not really responsible for wars; true customers of wars are bankers. Henry Ford describes everything in more detail.
      1. Per se.
        Per se. 4 May 2018 06: 58
        +6
        Quote: Ingvar 72
        true customers of wars are bankers.
        More precisely, the two most influential clans of the world ghouls, like the Rothschilds and the Rockefellers. “The real knot of contradictions between these two global clans are the two world wars of the 20th century. And in both cases they were unleashed by the Rockefellers, and it was they who reaped the fruits of success, ”writes Vladimir Pavlenko, doctor of political sciences, full member of the Academy of Geopolitical Problems. As long as they rule the world, nothing good shines for mankind, but they rule, as Nathan Rothschild said, “Who controls the release of money, controls the government ... No matter what puppet sits on the throne in the British Empire. The person who controls the release of money in Britain controls the British Empire, I control the release of money in Britain ... " Capitalism in their face has become an absolute evil capable of any crime, and the main positive of the capitalist system, competition, is increasingly becoming fiction, with the disappearance of the world pole of socialism as a competitor system and the strengthening of transnational monopolies on a planetary scale.
        1. NordOst16
          NordOst16 4 May 2018 23: 30
          -1
          Communism, socialism are also not sugar, and the troubles brought for their own people no less. But capitalism was more viable
      2. Pre-cat
        Pre-cat 4 May 2018 07: 03
        +3
        Capitalists cannot be divided into good industrialists and bad bankers. The logic of developing big capital inevitably leads to conflict. Moreover, now banking and industrial capital have grown together.
  2. 210ox
    210ox 4 May 2018 06: 04
    +2
    That's right .. Raven is a crow ...
  3. midshipman
    midshipman 4 May 2018 13: 08
    +1
    Thanks Alexey. It is instructive for many. It is a pity that they did not show how the United States financed, gave orders to these German owners in industry. And during the war of 1941-1944, all of Europe worked for them.
  4. Sotskiy
    Sotskiy 4 May 2018 13: 14
    +2
    Despite the differences in the methods of “privatization” and organizational aspects that had their own characteristics for each of the occupied territories, the overall scheme looked obvious. After the end of hostilities and the capitulation of the country, the entire industrial infrastructure passed under the control of the German military administration. A large “division” began, during which what was not part of the state concern “Hermann Goering” was distributed among private entities. The rigidity of the approaches increased in the direction from west to east.

    I read and immediately there is an association with the new occupation authorities, the surrender by the Tagged Union of Mutual Economic Assistance to strategic opponents and with 90s in all republics of the former Union, torn to shreds contrary to the opinion of the peoples of the USSR. Yes! And as the "bright" face of a new era - Red Tolik how could it be without him, with: "Well, millions of 30 will not fit!" and Alkasha Yeltsin with his "Take" freedom "how much you take!"
    An oxymoron or a direct analogy with capitalist fascism?
    1. Tomato
      Tomato 4 May 2018 15: 26
      +2
      Oxymoron - your conclusions. In the countries of Eastern Europe they threw proteges of Moscow. Let me remind you that Ceausescu was shot back in 1989. All sent far away and the Warsaw Pact and CMEA. If the withdrawal of troops had not begun, they would have been declared occupying, blocking all movements and activities.
      And what did Gorbachev have to do? To start a war with the whole of Europe, when the economy is in full swing, there are empty shelves in stores. And the government seeks loans in the West for the purchase of food.
      Do not talk about an alternative.
      1. Sotskiy
        Sotskiy 4 May 2018 15: 42
        +2
        Quote: Tomatoes
        Do not tell us about the alternative. Everyone sent far away and the Warsaw Pact and SEV Ceausescu were shot as far back as the 1989 year.

        Maybe you tell in detail how it happened, and not a set of phrases: "because there was nothing to eat at Mechen." At the same time, this is exactly what was chewed for you in documentaries about the end of Gorbachev’s term, but apparently it didn’t come to that.
        [
        And the government seeks loans in the West for the purchase of food

        Nothing beguiled? Maybe it was already with the "effective reformers" 90's?
        1. Tomato
          Tomato 4 May 2018 17: 23
          0
          I never confuse anything. It’s time to learn:
          “The situation changed dramatically after the death of the head of the Soviet state, L.I. Brezhnev, in November 1982. A sharp jump in debt occurred in 1984. More than $ 15 billion was borrowed on the foreign market. External debt amounted to 5% of GNP. In 1986, the amount foreign loans exceeded $ 30 billion, and external debt reached $ 1989 billion (50% of GNP) in 8. Another $ 30 billion of debt was accumulated by the Union in 1988-1991, when the West provided the USSR with a number of many billion loans. October 28, 1991, "
          http://back-in-ussr.com/2015/12/vneshniy-dolg-str
          any-sovetov.html
          Grbachev’s policy was called “political concessions on loans”.
          And the first one. You offer some alternative version of the story. Here is his voice.
          I think, in those conditions, nothing else could be done. Although the troops came out with dignity, and did not drive kicks.
          1. Sotskiy
            Sotskiy 4 May 2018 19: 29
            0
            Quote: Tomatoes
            in November 1982 the head of the Soviet state L.I. Brezhnev. In 1984, there was a sharp jump in debt. More than $ 15 billion was borrowed on the foreign market. External debt already amounted to 5% of GNP. In 1986 the amount of external loans exceeded $ 30 billion, and in 1989 the external debt reached $ 50 billion (8% of GNP).

            According to the World Bank:



            And now the Russian Federation.
            [i] At the end of the 2018 year, external debt will reach 15,7% of GDP, which is significantly below the critical line of 20% Over the 9 months of the 2017 year, this indicator increased by almost 5% and exceeded the mark of 537 billion dollars. About 10% of the debt falls on government bodies, which in January-September they increased their debt by 12,5 billion dollars. The reverse trend is observed in the banking sector, whose representatives reduced debt by 12 billion for the same period. Moreover, the share of other sectors of the economy reached 66,3%, experts say. Next year, the authorities will continue to increase external debt, which is recorded in the draft budget. The limit level of public debt for the next year was fixed at the turn of 71 billion dollars, which is almost 20 billion higher than the current year.
            Now the ratio of external debt to GDP of the USSR with 1981-1991 was equal to 3,6%
            and the ratio of debt to GDP of the Russian Federation 2017 is equal to 15,7%
            In your opinion, if 3,6% of external debt is already a catastrophe and there was nothing left to do but give in to the “partners” of the USSR, then what should the RF do with 15,7%? According to your "conclusions", should it simply fall apart as an economic entity that did not materialize?
            So, I think that in those conditions it could have been different, unlike you. It was necessary within the ruling class to neutralize a certain part of the figures who believed that "... in those conditions, nothing else could be done ..."
            1. Tomato
              Tomato 4 May 2018 20: 45
              0
              Do you speak Russian? I said - the USSR under Gorbachev took loans in the West. No one has yet proposed stabilizing alternatives. Why all these "ratios"? Moreover, loans are not the main argument that troops would have to withdraw anyway.
              1. Sotskiy
                Sotskiy 4 May 2018 23: 39
                +1
                Quote: Tomatoes
                I said - the USSR under Gorbachev took loans in the West.

                And under Gorbachev, "perestroika" and "glasnost" began, with "economic reforms" and changes in the management system, which subsequently led to terrible excesses such as the Prohibition and the legalization of the shadow mafia like the Cotton Case, and subsequently of these legalized "respected" people, to the conception of a new class called "oligarchy", which made itself felt in all colors already under Yeltsin. It was not his project of a “common European home” that led the Central European countries, at the first gusts of the changed "wind" from the Gorbachevsky side of the USSR, to begin to change their course towards the West, which resulted in the pogroms of demonstrators in the GDR 1989 of the year, and as a result - the collapse of the ATS and CMEA, as well as your constantly quoted "withdrawal of troops"? All his results of "effective" transformations did not lead to an increase in borrowing from cap.states judging by the schedules? Or the more he took loans in the West, the more effective was your economic policy? If so, then this is according to Nabiulina: "Pensioners are poor because they do not know how to save."
                1. Tomato
                  Tomato 5 May 2018 09: 15
                  0
                  Schizophasia?
                  1. Sotskiy
                    Sotskiy 5 May 2018 09: 55
                    +1
                    Quote: Tomatoes
                    Schizophasia?

                    A psychiatrist or so, passed by, but grabbed the "tops"?
  5. Archikah
    Archikah 4 May 2018 15: 01
    +1
    Well, and as usual - an article listing, already sore mouth, myths and legends about the Second World War. No one - has long been known "Cyclone" was not poisoned. Further more. It is sad - on the eve of May 9 - again propaganda and myth-making.
  6. dgonni
    dgonni 4 May 2018 15: 32
    +1
    In fact, the industrialists simply did not prevent Ilozievich from building his Reich. And the process of them in fact was purely nominal. Because the SS was engaged in the supply of labor, and they simply performed. Their labor issues were a critical element. What is an indisputable fact. Well, at the first trial where Goering was tried with a compass, Stalin Molotov should have been sitting well, and others like them. For without them there would have been no war.
  7. Shelest2000
    Shelest2000 4 May 2018 18: 31
    0
    Despite the differences in the methods of “privatization” and organizational aspects that had their own characteristics for each of the occupied territories, the overall scheme looked obvious. After the end of hostilities and the capitulation of the country, the entire industrial infrastructure passed under the control of the German military administration. A large “division” began, during which what was not part of the state concern “Hermann Goering” was distributed among private entities. The rigidity of the approaches increased in the direction from west to east.

    Everything, as we have from the 90s to this day ... (((
  8. Rolex
    Rolex 4 May 2018 21: 31
    +3
    These were pawns in the big game. The real culprits and those responsible were sitting (then) and now they are sitting overseas in AI and counting coins while all of Europe burned (then) and in oppa today. Opel, which produced tanks for the 3rd Reich, belonged to General Motors (Jay Morgan), General Electric owned Siemens and AEG controlled by Rockefeller Standard Oil out of the way helped the same IG Farben to create synthetic fuel. By the way, IG Farben was created in 1926 by Wall Street !!! Ford, too, did not lag behind his fellow tribesmen, and was even even awarded by the Nazis. Bendix Aviation, which gave Bosch starter technology for the production of aircraft and diesel engines. Dupont! Alcoa! Dow Camical! ...........

    Without the capital provided by Wall Street, IG Firben would not have existed, and Hitler and World War II as a whole would almost certainly not have been. Germany would not have come to war in 1939 without Farben, which in the interval 27-39 years. grew three thanks to the financial support of National City Bank in the form of loans in the amount of 30 million dollars.
    100% German synthetic rubber, 95% toxic gas (Cyclone B and others) for concentration camps, 90% plastics, 88% magnesium, 84% explosives, 70% gunpowder, 46% jet fuel, 40% synthetic gasoline, etc. etc. IG Farben produced it.

    Wall Street (represented by Dupont, Morgan, Rockefeller and other freaks of the corporate empire) ...... the main culprit of all this mess. And these, the mouse mouse, as indicated above, are small mongrels.

    Then the very same Morgan, Dupont, Rockefellers and other biomass began to build the cities and countries they had destroyed! Bomb and build! That's all! So you can formulate the whole essence of these greedy freaks!