Military Review

Will Russia take the Balkans into its own hands?

33
The Balkans have always been one of the most important points of confrontation between Russia and the West. In an effort to prevent Russia from entering the Balkans, and therefore to the Mediterranean, the West went to a variety of actions and tricks, from diplomatic intrigues to bloody wars. In the 18th-19th centuries, counteracting the growing Russian influence in the Balkans, England and France even supported the Ottoman Empire, which oppressed the Christian peoples of the peninsula. Even religious considerations faded into the background in front of geopolitical and economic interests. Centuries have passed, but nothing has changed. American analysts still believe that it is in the Balkans that one of the most important lines of confrontation between Russia and the West passes.


Senior Researcher at the Institute of International Relations in Prague, Mark Galeotti, for example, believes that Russia is now considering the Balkans as a battlefield in its “political war”. But Western analysts are too optimistic. In fact, Russia over the past decades has suffered a very serious defeat in the Balkans. Actually, despite all the efforts that the Russian Empire was making, even at the beginning of the twentieth century, Russia's positions in the Balkans were very fragile. Even the "bulgar-Bulgarians", ruled by monarchs from the German dynasty, in both world wars opposed Russia - on the side of Germany and Austria-Hungary. Only Serbia has always been the only truly reliable ally of Russia in the Balkans. Actually, this alignment of forces is maintained at the present time.

Will Russia take the Balkans into its own hands?


Historically, the West feared the spread of Russian influence, firstly, on Slavic, and secondly, on the Orthodox population of the Balkans. From the point of view of the West, Serbs, Bulgarians and Greeks were always considered the most “unreliable”, and Albanians, Romanians, and Croats were the most resistant to Russian influence. The first and second - due to the fact that they do not belong to the Slavic peoples, and the third - due to the fact that they profess Catholicism, and their “cultural code” was historically formed under the influence of Western Europe, first of all - the German world.

It is worth noting that even after the end of the Second World War, the Soviet Union did not manage to achieve complete control over the Balkan Peninsula. In Greece, the communists did not succeed in winning the civil war of the end of 1940, and Stalin’s unwillingness to get involved in a conflict with great powers played a major role in their defeat. In Albania and Yugoslavia, local regimes demonstrated complete political independence from Moscow, and the Yugoslav leader Josip Broz Tito chose the path of introducing market components into the socialist model, while the Albanian leader Enver Hoxha, on the contrary, followed the path of ultra-Stalinism and isolation from the outside world. Romania, although it was part of the Warsaw bloc, was also characterized by excessive independence of foreign and domestic policy in comparison with other countries of the socialist camp. The full extent of Soviet influence extended only to Bulgaria, which the people even called another Soviet republic.

The collapse of the Soviet Union made its own adjustments to the Balkan policy. Romania reoriented to the West instantly, Albania has never been friends with Russia, and there’s nothing to say about unrecognized Kosovo. In Bulgaria, as in the first half of the twentieth century, the pro-Western elites came to power, who chose the anti-Russian course while maintaining a friendly attitude towards Russia on the part of ordinary people. This is what characterizes the situation in Bulgaria: the tops are against friendship with Russia, the lower classes are for friendship with Russia. Yugoslavia ceased to exist as a single state, and Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina immediately found themselves in the list of states that are rather negatively disposed towards Russia. This is not surprising, since Croatia and Slovenia belong to the world of Western Christian culture, and in Bosnia and Herzegovina the Bosnian Muslim population is predominantly oriented towards Turkey and, again, to the West.

The fate of the united Yugoslavia, Serbia, Montenegro and Macedonia, itself was ordered by the fate itself to hold on to Russia. All these countries are inhabited by Slavs who profess Orthodoxy. Historically, Russia has always had very good relations with Serbia and Montenegro. What was the result?

Montenegro as a sovereign state appeared in 2006 year, due to the collapse of the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro. This alliance systematically collapsed internal forces, primarily Montenegrin, headed by the West. The main task of these forces was to withdraw Montenegro as a country with access to the Adriatic Sea, from the influence of Russia. Since in the West they are well aware that Russia will always have a very large influence on Serbia, they were very much afraid of the possibility of Russia using the exit to the Adriatic Sea through the union state of Serbia and Montenegro.



Using the usual tactics of the collapse of uncomfortable states, the West managed to achieve the proclamation of the political independence of Montenegro in 2006. Interestingly, in the 2008 year, as soon as Kosovo declared its independence, Montenegro was among the countries that recognized it. Thus, Montenegro, shared with the Serbs history, an Orthodox country, went against its own interests and defiantly supported the formation of another Albanian state in the Balkans. In an effort to finally gain a foothold in Montenegro, the USA in 2017 organized the entry of Montenegro into the North Atlantic Alliance.

The Montenegrin political elite, making a decision on the country's accession to NATO, not only worked out the US dividends. She was also concerned about the preservation of the possibility of her own domination in the country, which required the existence of guarantees against returning to a common political space with Serbia. It is interesting that Montenegro, defiantly distancing itself from Russia, absorbs considerable Russian investments. In terms of the investments of Russian companies and individuals, Montenegro only slightly lags behind Serbia. At the same time, the Montenegrin authorities have recently been building all sorts of obstacles for Russian investors, fearing an increase in the share of Russian capital in the country's economy. Naturally, such an economic policy of the Montenegrin leadership is determined not only and not so much by its own considerations, as by pressure from the United States.

A typical example of anti-Russian provocation with the goal of squeezing Russia out of the Balkans is the story of an alleged attempt at a coup d'etat in Montenegro, which was allegedly scheduled for October 16, 2016 of the year - the day of elections to the Montenegrin Assembly. In February 2017, the Montenegrin authorities accused Russia of involvement in the preparation of a coup. According to the Montenegrin authorities, the purpose of the coup was to prevent the country's entry into NATO, and the coup was to be carried out by representatives of the Serbian opposition forces under the leadership of representatives of the Russian military intelligence.

Naturally, Russia rejected any accusations of involvement in the preparation of a coup, but the United States immediately rushed to join the accusations against Russia. In early August, 2017, the vice president of the United States, Mike Pence, visited Montenegro, expressing his full support for the position of the Montenegrin authorities. Montenegro joined the anti-Russian sanctions - again, to its detriment, since Russian investors are investing heavily in the country's economy, and Montenegrin resorts are very popular among Russian tourists.

Another Slavic Orthodox country in the Balkans is Macedonia, with which Russia has a fairly good relationship. Interestingly, Macedonia, unlike Montenegro, did not impose sanctions against Russia. In Macedonia, as in Serbia, there are big problems with the Albanian population.

When at the end of the 1990s, during the war in Kosovo, a significant number of Kosovo Albanians fled to Macedonia, local Albanians soon began to put forward demands for autonomy. Things reached armed clashes in March-August 2001, when the Albanian National Liberation Army launched a guerrilla war against the Macedonian government. Albanians were only able to calm down with the help of NATO, but the risk of exacerbation of inter-ethnic tensions persists in the country. Macedonia, being a poor and problem country, is not part of the European Union and NATO, although it participates in partnership programs.

Perhaps the most Russia-friendly Balkan state is currently Serbia. Russia and Serbia have very long friendly and allied relations. For the majority of Serbs, Russia is a big and strong “elder brother”, which remains the only hope in confrontation with hostile neighbors - Albanians, Bosnian Muslims, Croats. Even the modern Serbian government is forced to take into account public opinion in the country, therefore Serbia is one of the few European countries that has refrained from anti-Russian sanctions, which causes a sharply negative reaction both in Washington and in Brussels.



The European Union is trying to lure Serbia into a “European partnership,” however, President Alexander Vucic himself has repeatedly said that Serbia has chosen the European path of development. At the same time, the Serbian leadership is not going to aggravate political and economic relations with Russia and is unlikely to go in the foreseeable future. This is not surprising, since Russia is the largest trading partner of Serbia, ranking fourth in exports and third in imports. At the same time, the economic ties between Russia and Serbia could be even more active if it were not for Serbia’s lack of access to the sea. Now Serbia has to use the Montenegrin port of Bar to deliver goods to Russia. Perhaps Serbia is currently the only Balkan state, in relation to which it is possible to argue about the presence of Russian influence.

Greece is another Balkan country, with which Russia has a long and difficult history of relations. The Russian Empire at one time had a great support to the Greek people in the struggle for political independence from the Ottoman Empire. Cultural ties developed between Russia and Greece, however, both in the 19th and 20th centuries. The West, represented by England, and then the USA, did everything possible to prevent the strengthening of Russian influence in Greece. Both in the interwar and postwar periods, the Soviet Union had very tense relations with Greece, which was due to the anti-communist character of the Greek regimes, and then to Greece’s membership in NATO. As in Bulgaria, in Greece, many ordinary people sympathize with Russia, which cannot be said about the representatives of the political elite.



Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras in 2017 supported European unity regarding sanctions against Russia, albeit with a “diplomatic” clause stating that sanctions should not be a punishment for Russia. Prior to this, Greek Prime Minister Advisor Dimitrios Velanis stated that in reality Greece is against anti-Russian sanctions, but she simply has nowhere to go, since other issues need to be addressed in the European Union, of which Greece is a member. And indeed it is. The economic situation in the country is very difficult, after the Arab spring and the aggravation of armed conflicts in the Middle East and North Africa, Greece faced an influx of Arab-African migrants. All these issues require a speedy solution, but Athens themselves have no money for that. We have to ask for money from the European Union, which means we have to adhere to the foreign policy course that Brussels dictates.

If we talk about regional politics, here, too, Greece has big problems and it is precisely in this direction that there are great opportunities for cooperation with Russia. Greece has traditionally opposed Albanian nationalism that is growing in the Balkans, on the other hand it has an eternal smoldering conflict with neighboring Turkey. Despite the fact that both countries are part of the North Atlantic Alliance, the relations between them are very tense and, at small, do not reach open armed confrontation. That would be where Russia will turn around, acting as an intercessor for the Greek brothers, but Athens chooses its own way, looking back at Brussels, not at Moscow.

Thus, it must be admitted that in the 1990-s, Russia was literally ousted from the Balkan Peninsula. If Moscow has a chance to return to the “big Balkan policy,” it will not happen soon and only in the general context of strengthening Russia's position in the world.
Author:
Photos used:
jedan-nula.com, https://regnum.ru
33 comments
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  1. Andrey Yuryevich
    Andrey Yuryevich April 25 2018 05: 46
    +12
    Will Russia take the Balkans into its own hands?
    gee .... to take myself in hand ....
    1. Monster_Fat
      Monster_Fat April 25 2018 07: 03
      +5
      to take myself in hand ....

      The main thing is not to be confused with: "impose" .... winked
      1. Basil50
        Basil50 April 25 2018 09: 02
        +4
        I completely agree. As soon as the Balkan pryncesses and pryntsy entrenched themselves near the royal throne, the song about * bros * and so on became popular.
        Anything different happened with the Russian emigrants between the WWII and WWII in Yugoslavia, many memories of those who tasted this * brotherhood * remained.
        The way the Yugoslavs fought during WWII also has a lot to remember.
        After WWII, at the request of Tito, SOVIET specialists were sent to restore what the Austrians-Bulgarians-Germans and Serbs-Croats-Bosnians destroyed. Tito wanted to win something from the neighbors and demanded that Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin provide the RED ARMY for this. When he was refused then ALL SOVIET specialists in Yugoslavia were destroyed in the most atrocious ways.
        The Yugoslavs, under the leadership of the British and Americans, took part in all the coups that were launched not only in Europe.
        Won even Milosevic noted in the requirements for RUSSIA, and when Yeltsin dared to refuse so what was just said and done.
        And today it turns out that RUSSIA needs something for the Serbs.
        1. credo
          credo April 25 2018 11: 36
          +2
          Quote: Vasily50
          And today it turns out that RUSSIA needs something for the Serbs.

          Do not go too far - no one claims that Russia owes anything to the Serbs. This is just your fantasy.
          1. KaPToC
            KaPToC April 25 2018 21: 59
            +2
            Quote: credo
            Do not go too far - no one claims that Russia owes anything to the Serbs.

            Yes you read that article?
            "Russia and Serbia are linked by long friendly and allied relations!"
            When did our countries manage to conclude an alliance treaty?
        2. Vladimir 5
          Vladimir 5 April 25 2018 18: 17
          +3
          Russia has always been unlucky with the rulers, both emperors, general secretaries, and the current unknowingly named government, (to call it, the censor is banned) ... First, Emperor N-1, saved the Hapsburg throne from the collapse in 1848 of the RIA military intervention., then he called himself a fool for this act. With the collapse of the Habsburg Austrian Empire, patronage of the Balkan Slavs would have passed to Russia. . Further, the Bolsheviks of the USSR only scared the Balkan Slavic monarchies, pushing the Germans and the Anglo-Saxons into the hands ... After WWII, the Stalinist regime was not a gift to the entire "socialist camp" and suffered as strong, not to mention others ... About Khrushchev and the subsequent reign of the USSR, just sliding into a confrontation with all the other friends, starting from China. Today’s government, it’s not at all clear that one supported president and the anti-people all government ... - without a rudder and sails, the board looks like. All politics is frank manipulation of gas and oil with a complete lack of strategy. For example, Ukraine was dragged by the United States for decades, and what the Russian government was doing, billions of hydrocarbons counted and hid money in the United States ... Further, after a radical change in the policy of Ukraine, the Girkina-shooters “patriots without brains” start a war in Ukraine, and drag out her, according to the ideas of various marmot scammers, for years, but this is a self-made enmity against CENTURIES with fraternal neighboring people !!! ... Put things in order at home, otherwise only worse ...
    2. siberalt
      siberalt April 25 2018 09: 19
      +12
      Should someone feed again? As soon as Russia declares interest in the Balkans, wars happen, and even world wars. Yes, only Odessa and Ukraine, Moldova and Belarus are no longer ours. Maybe at least we will take our liberoid government in our hands and put things in order in our Basic Law? belay
  2. Egoza
    Egoza April 25 2018 07: 43
    +9
    In Greece, the Communists failed to win the civil war of the late 1940-s, and in many ways the reluctance of Stalin played a role in their defeat.

    And he did it right! First of all, he thought of his country !!! What I wish the current leadership of the Russian Federation.
    1. credo
      credo April 25 2018 11: 42
      +2
      Quote: Egoza
      In Greece, the Communists failed to win the civil war of the late 1940-s, and in many ways the reluctance of Stalin played a role in their defeat.

      And he did it right! First of all, he thought of his country !!! What I wish the current leadership of the Russian Federation.

      He simply understood that the forces of the USSR, including the military, were not unlimited, and based on this he chose priorities.
  3. New Year day
    New Year day April 25 2018 08: 37
    +5
    what to fantasize about the Balkans! Around Russia, the former "allies" are repainted. Ukraine - it is not clear when and how to end, Kazakhstan - looked at America. Armenia and Azerbaijan are ready to mate.
    1. Pax tecum
      Pax tecum April 25 2018 11: 59
      +3
      The author concludes:
      Thus, one cannot fail to admit that in the 1990 years, Russia was literally ousted from the Balkan Peninsula.

      During the civil war in the Former Yugoslavia, UN peacekeeping forces were deployed to Croatia and Bosnia, including and Russian battalions (Rusbats) in their composition. Serbs met them with flowers and songs, as in 1999 during a march from Bosnia to Kosovo. Since 1995, Russia has already operated as a separate brigade of airborne forces of a two-battalion structure with support units.
      Russians from the UN forces in Former Yugoslavia (Operation UNPROFOR) were recovered in 1997, and the Airborne Forces brigade was withdrawn from Bosnia and Kosmet (Kosovo and Metohija) in 2003, if I am not mistaken.
      Question: WHY? If the Serbs wanted and allowed Russia to stay on a permanent basis, with an increase in staff.
      Americans out wanted toremained, although the Serbs did not want this. Now you can’t get them from the Balkans right away. Several bases in Bosnia and the largest in Europe in Kosovo, which is no longer Serbian at all.
      Again, the question: How was the “early” Putin better than the “late” Yeltsin? And, even the law was signed by him, in the framework of the Partnership for Peace, with NATO, which somehow miraculously "evaporated" from open and official sources. Well, okay, the post-Yeltsin circle played a role, Westerners-liberals.
      The question remains open: why was it necessary to remove our combat bases?
      As a result, they came out easily, only now no one will let them go back.
      This is something like the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany, the operational and strategic formation of the Armed Forces of the USSR, which was withdrawn at the beginning of the 1990's, having completely lost its parity of forces. The Americans, again, entrenched. And, if we had this powerful grouping in the center of Europe and half of Germany (GDR) and the alignment of forces would have been different, it is not yet known who would dictate to whom.
      If Moscow has a chance to return to the “big Balkan policy”, then this will not happen soon and only in the general context of strengthening Russia's position in the world.

      Here I completely agree with the author.
      The current leaders of Russia are not of that formation people ... It is enough to recall how the Kremlin feverishly strangled Novorossia, fearing the strengthening of the Russians and the emergence of a new center, the much-needed Russian world.
      There are Westerners in the Kremlin, and the guarantor, by his own admission, is a convinced liberal ... That's it.
  4. pytar
    pytar April 25 2018 08: 56
    +8
    There is hardly any in Europe, another such region, which is so predisposed to Russian influence. It is a fact. And while the Balkans are the place where Russia's policy is defeated. The author is right that all the great forces fought for influence over the Balkans. Why all the same Russia having undoubted advantages loses?
    The reason is largely rooted in the strategic mistakes that Russia itself has made and allows. Instead of presenting a geopolitical project to the Bolkan peoples, taking into account the interests of these countries and their ethnic borders, Russia has always played the map "ours and yours". She got involved in helping the Serbian great-power plans, thus setting the rest against herself. Even traditionally, the Russophile Bulgarians could not reconcile themselves with such a policy of Russia, which clearly worked to their detriment. As a result, Russia lost all. Now the Bolkanov dominates the West, and the European project in the form of the EU, turns out to be very attractive for a reason that gives solutions to many contradictions existing for centuries in the Balkans. Russia is trying to return, working together with Turkey and putting back on the old templates. Such an approach has already proved its inefficiency, since in essence there is an attempt to block division between the Balkan countries. The peoples of the Bolkanov were tired of wars and bloodshed. They need peace and creation. Therefore, the current policy of Russia is failing.
    1. credo
      credo April 25 2018 12: 00
      +3
      Quote: pytar
      There is hardly any in Europe, another such region, which is so predisposed to Russian influence. It is a fact. And while the Balkans are the place where Russia's policy is defeated. The author is right that all the great forces fought for influence over the Balkans. Why all the same Russia having undoubted advantages loses?
      The reason is largely rooted in the strategic mistakes that Russia itself has made and allows. Instead of presenting a geopolitical project to the Bolkan peoples, taking into account the interests of these countries and their ethnic borders, Russia has always played the map "ours and yours". She got involved in helping the Serbian great-power plans, thus setting the rest against herself. Even traditionally, the Russophile Bulgarians could not reconcile themselves with such a policy of Russia, which clearly worked to their detriment. As a result, Russia lost all. Now the Bolkanov dominates the West, and the European project in the form of the EU, turns out to be very attractive for a reason that gives solutions to many contradictions existing for centuries in the Balkans. Russia is trying to return, working together with Turkey and putting back on the old templates. Such an approach has already proved its inefficiency, since in essence there is an attempt to block division between the Balkan countries. The peoples of the Bolkanov were tired of wars and bloodshed. They need peace and creation. Therefore, the current policy of Russia is failing.

      Your speech lacks specifics, but instead contains cliches that are now crammed with the entire Bulgarian press. Instead of blaming Russia for working with Turkey, you at least bother to remember why your native government refused to Russia to lay a gas pipeline through Bulgaria to the EU countries. Maybe then the logic will appear in your reasoning.
      I don’t know how old you are, but if you ask those Bulgarians who managed to live in socialist Bulgaria, they will tell you about what Bulgaria actually found and lost after the collapse of CMEA, the USSR and socialist Bulgaria itself. And now, some young Bulgarian “politicians” in their reasoning have reached the point that they regret that the Russian Empire freed Bulgaria from the Ottoman yoke and life in slavery was not so bad for the Bulgarians.
      So, since Bulgaria has now become "a real free and prosperous country of an attractive EU project," you are free to even join the friendly family of the Turkish Republic at the same time, spat upon your ancestors and soldiers of the Russian Empire, who fought for the freedom of the Bulgarians in the 19th century.
      1. pytar
        pytar April 25 2018 13: 00
        +2
        Your speech lacks specifics, and instead, clichés are collected that the whole Bulgarian press is crammed with.

        Just with the cliché full in Russian. Your judgment on the UP itself is one of them!
        Instead of blaming Russia for working with Turkey ..

        No one reproaches. Interests are determined by politics.
        ... why your native government refused to Russia to lay a gas pipeline through Bulgaria to the EU countries

        Can you show at least one official document / not from the Russian / in support of this hardening?
        I do not know how old you are, but if you ask those Bulgarians that you managed to live in socialist Bulgaria, they will tell you ...

        I grow in the respectable one in which people tell young people how it was. Attitude to the past is determined by the personal experience and experiences of a particular person. Anyway, there is no socialism for a long time and Bulgaria was not the initiator of the ego of destruction. request
        And now, some of the young Bulgarian "politicians" in their arguments ... that the Russian Empire liberated Bulgaria from the Ottoman yoke and life in slavery was not so bad for the Bulgarians.

        Probably there are 2-3 so big on the head. Or paid marginals. They do not represent anyone. It is in Russia that otkadato dig such strange persons, about whom in Bulgaria, no one heard! belay
        So since Bulgaria has now become "a truly free and prosperous country of an attractive EU project" ...

        In the article, the sweat that we write indicates that almost all the Balkan countries are members or are going to become members of the EU. According to you, they are all fools, and one you all understand one thing ?! What is the alternative?
        ... You are free even now to join the friendly family of the Turkish Republic while spitting on their ancestors and soldiers of the Russian Empire who fought for the freedom of the Bulgarians in the 19 century.

        The threat from Turkey has always been and will be. Moreover, for the majority of the Bolcan countries. And no one spits Russian soldiers. You are there to stir up their heads with such nonsense. negative I do not understand why you specifically clung to the Bulgarians with your reproaches? Attacking Montenegrins are attacking, tomorrow they will attack Serbs too! Strange ... For the Bolcan countries it is very important, it will solve its interstate problems and it will go away! The EU gives such an opportunity without dividing them into warring pacts! Do you have any alternatives? Does Russia have a competitive project?
        1. dSK
          dSK April 25 2018 22: 40
          0
          Quote: pytar
          EU gives such an opportunity

          Yes, they will "fatten" free cheese, not you, but your ministers and deputies. The task is completed, all Balkan countries in НАТО (Serbia is being squeezed out). The new "colonies" are controlled by the States, England helps, she has a lot of experience. Modern "ingenious" colonizers control without whips and shackles, for this there are twitter and facebook with a total "wiretap". And if anyone is not happy, those US marines from their bases "neutralize."
          1. pytar
            pytar April 26 2018 10: 18
            +1
            Let it be fattened with free cheese, not you, but your ministers and deputies.

            In something you are right. But after all such tactics were conducted by Russia too! Created the lobby, these took bribes and nodded from the head ... "yes, yes .." Toka "lobisty", kept their "conscientiously" earned money in Western banks ... Accordingly, you realize that if your money is in my trezor then they are no longer yours ... wink
            New "colonies" are ruled by the States, England helps, she has a lot of experience.

            At Bolkanov, the United States has a serial military presence in Kossovo. Britons are their sub-classrooms. Politically and economically, it rules the EU. We must frankly admit that the EU project is attractive and it has no alternative yet. Because it solves the problem with the borders, because of which all the wars in the Bolkans have been ordered.
            Modern "smart" colonizers manage without whips and shackles, for this there are tweeters and facebook with all-out "audition."

            Well, the west has tweeters and facebooks, Russia has about. and vk with all the similar "attributes" laughing
            And if anyone is unhappy, the United States marines from their bases will "neutralize."

            You are probably an adult person and you know that Russia has its own "green little men", no less effective, and then more ... laughing
      2. alatanas
        alatanas April 25 2018 14: 33
        +4
        "what Bulgaria lost after the collapse of the CMEA"
        As if Bulgaria were asked during the collapse of the CMEA, etc. For this, the demand for "balabol" (HMS) and for "drunkards" (EBN) needs to be sought.
  5. steelmaker
    steelmaker April 25 2018 09: 45
    +3
    Putin can only click his finger and the Balkans would have been ours for a long time. Only for some reason he does not want. Do not pull economically!
    1. shura7782
      shura7782 April 25 2018 10: 22
      +3
      Quote: steel maker
      Putin only click a finger .............

      He would click in our economy so that he would raise it.
  6. ventel
    ventel April 25 2018 10: 12
    0
    The author about Macedonia generally misinterpreted, well, he doesn’t want to admit that Tsar Boris asked Pan Kuchma to help Macedonia with arms and the West pressed him.
    1. alatanas
      alatanas April 25 2018 11: 16
      +1
      Tsar Boris asked Pan Kuchma


      Tsar Boris III died in the year 1943, and Bulgaria from the day 1947 is still a republic.
      1. ventel
        ventel April 25 2018 13: 30
        0
        Sorry, I didn’t mean the Bulgarian king.
        1. alatanas
          alatanas April 25 2018 14: 28
          0
          Got it, it's about EBN. Then everything is in place.
  7. turbris
    turbris April 25 2018 10: 18
    +2
    We do not need to extend our political influence to the Balkans, but to Ukraine, where we suffered the most sensitive political defeat, while Ukraine is under the protectorate of the United States and controlled by the Bandera leadership, Russia cannot feel relatively safe.
  8. Junanhai
    Junanhai April 25 2018 10: 33
    +10
    Was recently in Bulgaria for business. Although I am not Russian, I crawl the Russian language without problems. Before the trip I thought what language I would understand in Bulgaria there ?! It turned out to be in vain worried! I stayed in this country for more than six months and had no problems in common in Russian! Everyone with whom I met or know or understand Russian. Vesde there were people who, as they learned that the "Russian came", wanted to help. At the same time they helped and financially, refusing to accept the money in response. For them, everyone who is Russian-speaking is a Russian person! And they are very friendly to us! Few such countries in the world remain, unfortunately. I don’t know what’s happening with their policies, but the Bulgarians are generally Russophile people. As for the Macedonians, they are essentially also Bulgarians. They speak the Bulgarian dialect spoken by the whole of southwestern Bulgaria. A young nation with an obscure future. Likely through time they will unite with the Bulgarians. I suppose so. As for the Serbs, the former and in Serbia saw that they, too, treat Russia and the Russians very well! Moreover, the Serbs are very close to the Bulgarians in terms of language and mentality of the people. In comparison with the Bulgarians, the Serbs are too nationalistic, as it seemed to me. Bulgarians are much more restrained in this regard. They don’t have such aggression and arrogance as the Serbs. I don’t know how it was before, but now the Bulgarians and Serbs are quite normal to each other. It may have been in conflict before, but now this is not observed. They say that all the contradictions were due to that Macedonia, where the population was Bulgarian for centuries, but the Serbs occupied it in wars and tried to serbize the Macedonian Bulgarians. I personally believe that if Russia approaches reasonably and carefully these two Slavic peoples, it will be able to regain influence in the Balkans.
  9. Livonetc
    Livonetc April 25 2018 10: 55
    +4
    Develop your own education, science, healthcare, economy and the army.
    The rest will stick.
    Just have time to pick out the unnecessary.
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  11. NF68
    NF68 April 25 2018 15: 37
    +1
    Unreliable these "Balkan brothers". Just a little shout at them from overseas, so these brothers wagged their tails.
  12. Volgograd Anarchist
    Volgograd Anarchist April 25 2018 15: 54
    +2
    No take the Balkans now it's the EU
    1. NF68
      NF68 April 25 2018 16: 14
      0
      Quote: Volgograd Anarchist
      No take the Balkans now it's the EU


      Or maybe they will take it as cheap hard workers.
  13. Baby sitter
    Baby sitter April 25 2018 22: 54
    0
    such "friends" - for x .... and to the museum!
  14. iouris
    iouris April 25 2018 23: 46
    0
    This is not about life. This is quasiunaphantasy, surrealism. But if you paid for this article, then of course ....
  15. Severski
    Severski April 27 2018 22: 04
    +1
    Quote: KaPToC
    Quote: Severski
    Your logic is iron. After the USSR took Bessarabia from Romania, for some reason the Romanians had to fight against Germany and with the Russians.

    So do not pretend to be our friends, you are enemies.

    But whose fault? And then people complain that everything is against them.

    Quote: Severski
    then the Russians why they concluded a secret protocol on the division of the sw-influence with the Germans

    Probably because the USSR entered into such an agreement with the third Reich LAST from all countries?

    All countries have concluded non-aggression treaties. A secret agreement on the division of the influence, only the USSR.

    Quote: Severski
    The military was not sent. No military action was conducted.

    However, the Bulgarian economy worked diligently on the Wehrmacht, as did the Romanian and the rest of Europe.


    I can add, not only Bulgarian and Romanian, but also Swedish, Brazilian, Argentinean and others.
  16. Old warrior
    Old warrior 6 May 2018 10: 41
    +2
    Russia would pick up MYSELF ...