Military Review

The most expensive helmets. Part six. Helmets of Alexander Nevsky

It is not necessary to think that rare and very expensive helmets were found and are only found abroad. And it’s all the more stupid to consider in their findings a diminution of our Russian culture. Well, there was no Roman culture on our lands, the Romans did not reach here. Therefore, in our archaeological finds there are no Roman helmets, even the most tasteless ones. They reached England, and France reached. And here, again, they were not behind the Rhine, so a clear boundary of finds is fixed - the Rhine river - and here the Romans, and here - the "wild Germans". But after the baptism of Russia, its spiritual development went in a single channel of European civilization, the same swords from Europe appeared, but, of course, their local products, which were no worse than Western and Scandinavian ones. And just the helmet of Prince Yaroslav Vsevolodovich is one of these products. This is an old Russian helmet, which is dated to the second half of the XII - or the first half of the XIII century. He is in Armory chamber of the Moscow Kremlin.

Good suits for Russian warriors were in the film "Alexander Nevsky"!

According to the typology of the Russian scientist A.N. Kirpichnikov belongs to type IV. He noted that the helmet of Yaroslav Vsevolodovich is one of the first finds with which "the study of not only weapons, but also of Russian antiquities began."

The most expensive helmets. Part six. Helmets of Alexander Nevsky

A copy of the helmet of Yaroslav Vsevolodovich. (GMM, original in the Kremlin Armory in Moscow)

Well, they found him quite by accident, and for quite some time. It happened so that a peasant woman A. Larionov from the village of Lykova, located near the town of Yuryev-Podolsky in the autumn of 1808, “being in a bush for plucking nuts, saw something luminous near the nut bush”. It was a helmet that lay on top of the chain mail, and both she and the helmet itself rusted strongly. The peasant woman carried his find to the village elder, who saw a holy image on the helmet and handed it over to the bishop. He, in turn, sent him to Alexander I himself, and he gave it to the president of the Academy of Arts, A.N. Oleninu.

A.N. Olenin. He first studied the helmet, which is now officially called the “helmet from Lykovo” ...

He began to study the helmet and suggested that the helmet along with the chain mail belonged to Yaroslav Vsevolodovich and were hidden by him during the flight from the battle of Lipits in 1216. He found the name Theodore on the helmet, and this was the name of Prince Yaroslav, given to him at baptism. And Olenin suggested that both the chain mail and the prince took off the helmet so that they would not interfere with his escape. After all, we know from the Laurentian Chronicle that when Prince Yaroslav was defeated, he fled to Pereyaslavl, where he arrived only on the fifth horse, and drove four horses along the road. His brother Yuri, too, hurried to escape from the battlefield so that he arrived at Vladimir only on the fourth horse, and the chronicle emphasized that he was "in the first shirt, lining and tying out." That is, in one underwear, poor fellow, rode up, in such was fear.

Unfortunately, the helmet’s crown has been preserved in a very poor condition - in the form of only two large fragments, because of which it is impossible to determine its exact shape and construction. It is believed that she had a shape close to ellipsoid.

A drawing from a pre-revolutionary book about Russian antiquities ...

Outside, the surface of the helmet was covered with silver leaf and gilded silver lining, with chased images of the image of the Almighty, as well as of Saints George, St. Basil and Theodore. The head plate carried on itself the image of the image of the Archangel Michael and the inscription: “By the Archangel Michael, help your servant Theodore”. The edge of the helmet is decorated with a gilded border, covered with ornaments.

In general, we can talk about the high artistic skills of the manufacturers of this helmet, their technical skills and good taste. In its design, pre-revolutionary Russian historians saw Norman motifs, while the Soviet preferred to compare them with the white-stone carvings of the temples of Vladimir-Suzdal land. Historian B.A. Kolchin believed that the slam of the helmet was solid-forged and made of iron or low-carbon steel by means of stamping, followed by a hammer, and this is different from other similar products of this time. The helmet’s half mask for some reason closes a part of an inscription made around the perimeter of the icon, which suggests that at first it was not there, but was added later.

According to A.N. Kirpichnikova, this helmet was altered at least three times and that he had masters even before Prince Yaroslav. And at first he could not have any decorations. Then silver patches were riveted to it. And only after that to him was added his top and a half mask.

Historian K.A. Zhukov notes that the helmet did not have lower eye openings. But, in his opinion, the helmet was not subjected to alteration, and immediately it was done with a half mask. The author of the article "Helmet of Prince Yaroslav Vsevolodovich" N.V. Chebotarev points to the place where his forehead icon fits with the half mask, and notes that for some reason it closes a part of the inscription framing the icon, which, in general, should not be.

His drawing, made in pre-revolutionary time.

After all, if one master did the helmet and, so to speak, at a time, there is no doubt that then the inscription on the icon would correspond to its location. But it could be that the half-mask from the helmet was temporarily removed to fix the icon on it, as if it was not measured in size, and then “by tradition” to hope “at random”, they decided that ... “it will come down”.

For some reason, Alexander has two helmets in the film. And he wears them during the action SIMULTANEOUSLY. The difference is that on the second one a half mask with a pointed nose is attached! So to say, he has a “more combat look”.

In any case, the shape of this helmet with head icon and a half mask is reflected in art. It was just such a helmet (and in two versions!) That the director Sergei Eisenstein set up his hero on the head in the Alexander Nevsky feature film. The sets of postcards depicting Prince Alexander in this helmet were printed in thousands of copies, so it is not surprising that for a long time everyone thought that the “cinema helmet” was modeled after the real thing, although in reality this was not at all the case.

Turkish helmet beginning of the XVII century. from the Metropolitan Museum in New York. Notice how much he looks like Old Russian helmets. It is clear that this is not due to the fact that the “Rus-Orda-Ataman Empire” (namely “Atamanskaya”, because “atamans”, that is, “military leaders”, that is, princes / kagans are atamans!). Just this form is rational, that's all. Even Assyrians had such helmets, and that they, too, are Slavs? And then a visor, an arrowhead, which could be raised up and down, a headphone, was added to such helmets, and it turned out ... an “erichon hat” or as this helmet was called in the West - “oriental burginot” (burgonet).

Western European burgonet in oriental style. Late 16th century Made in Augsburg. Weight 1976 (Metropolitan Museum, New York)

The second helmet, attributed again to Alexander Nevsky, is also an exhibit of the Kremlin Armory, and not just an exhibit, but one of the most famous and famous!

Officially, it is called “Erikhon Hat of Tsar Mikhail Fedorovich” - that is, that very Mikhail Romanov, who just became the founder of the ... the royal house of the Romanovs. And why is he considered the helmet of the faithful Prince Alexander Yaroslavich? Just in the XIX century, there was a legend that the helmet of Tsar Michael is a remake of the helmet of Alexander Nevsky. That's all!

Where this legend comes from is not entirely clear. In any case, when the Great Emblem of the Russian Empire was approved in 1857, his coat of arms was crowned with the image of “the helmet of Prince Alexander”.

However, it is clear that this helmet could not be done in Russia in the XIII century. However, it was finally possible to prove that it was made at the beginning of the seventeenth century only after the Great Patriotic War, when the appropriate technologies appeared in the hands of historians. That is all that somehow connects this helmet with the name of Alexander Nevsky is just a legend and no more.

Well, about what this helmet is all the same, the candidate outlined in detail historical Sciences S. Akhmedov in the article "Helmet by Nikita Davydov". In his opinion, this helmet is made in the Eastern tradition, although, along with the Arabic inscription, it also has Orthodox symbols. By the way, there are very similar helmets in the collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York and it is known for sure that they are ... from Turkey!

In “The Antiquities of the Russian State, published by the Highest Command” (1853), from which the lithograph given here is taken, is the following translation of 13-th Ayat 61 Sura: “Help from God and near victory and build [it] good to the faithful ". 61 Sura is called Sura Al-Saff ("Rows"). Sura is revealed in Medina. It consists of 14 Ayat. At the very beginning of Sura it is said that Allah is glorified both in heaven and on earth. And what pleases him, so that all those who believe in him come together and become like one hand. In it, Musa and Isa stigmatize the sons of Israel, declare them stubborn infidels and accuse them of wanting to put out the light of Allah’s faith. In the same surah, Allah promises to make his religion above all others, even if it is not to the liking of the pagan polytheists. At the very end of Sura, believers are called upon to fight for faith in Allah, to protect his religion, so that they sacrifice their property and even their lives. And as an example, the apostles, who were followers of Isa, the son of Mary.
13 Ayat:
وَأُخْرَىٰ تُحِبُّونَهَا ۖ نَصْرٌ مِنَ اللَّهِ وَفَتْحٌ قَرِيبٌ ۗ وَبَشِّرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ
One of the translations of this verse looks like this:
“There will still be what you love: help from Allah and a close victory. Give the good news to the believers! ”;
“And another thing that you love: help from Allah and a close victory. And rejoice the believers! ";
“And for you, O believers, another grace that you love: help from Allah and a close victory, the blessing of which you will enjoy. Rejoice, O Muhammad, who believe in this recompense! ”
And the question is, how could the Russian master Nikita Davydov make such a helmet (approximately in 1621 year), and even being Orthodox, write on it in Arabic: “Rejoice the faithful with a promise of help from Allah and a quick victory”?

The entry and expenditure book of the Armory Order of 18 December 1621 contains the following entry: “The state’s salary of the Armory’s order to the self-made master Nikita Davydov Polarshina (the enumeration of fabrics to be given to the master follows), and the sovereign advised him that he and the crowns, and the target, and the science of gold. " That is, he trimmed with gold a kind of helmet, given to him for decoration, and for that he received from the sovereign a fee in kind.

Slam drawings from the book "The Antiquities of the Russian State, published by the Highest Command" (1853). Then they filed information about the cultural values ​​of the Russian empire! Front view, rear.

Side view.

That is, not Nikita Davydov himself did it, but only decorated it. And it was necessary to decorate it, because, as it was a clear gift to the king from the East. It is possible that the gift directly from the sovereign, which can not be accepted. But how to wear it if you are an Orthodox king, and quotations from the Koran are written on the helmet. Eastern ruler hurt rejection of his gift can not be. But the subjects ... they are ... Grishka Otrepyev was recognized as an impostor because he didn’t sleep after dinner, didn’t like to go to the bathhouse, and even said such a shame - “he loved fried veal”. And then there are the words from the book "filthy" on the head of the king ... The Orthodox people simply do not understand this, they will also raise a rebellion.

Decorations made by notching.

That is why Nikita Danilov was invited to bring this helmet into a “usable form”. So on the nasal arrow of the helmet was a miniature figure of the archangel Michael from colored enamels. On the dome, the master, with the help of a notch "filled in" the golden crowns, and at the very top, that is, on the top, strengthened the golden cross. True, he did not survive, but it is known that he was.

Inside view.

And this, by the way, is not the first time that weapons from the East have found new owners in Russia. The saber of Mstislavsky (his helmet, by the way, is also eastern, Turkish!), Minin and Pozharsky, kept in the same Armory and containing Eastern stamps and inscriptions in Arabic script, came from the East to Russia.

P.S. That's how interesting it is in life. I wrote this material on the order of one of the regular readers of VO. But in the process, I ran into a number of “interesting moments” that formed the basis for the continuation of the topic, so ...

To be continued ...
Articles from this series:
The most expensive helmets. Helmet Crosby Garrett. Part one
The most expensive helmets. Part two. Helmet Hallathon
The most expensive helmets. Helmet of Gisborough. Part three
The most expensive helmets. Helmet Meskalamdug, the hero of the blessed country. Part four
The most expensive helmets. Part Five Benti Grange Helmet
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  1. Cat
    Cat April 28 2018 06: 03
    Dear Vyacheslav Olegovich, while there are no words, only emotions !!!!!!!!!!
    Therefore, while pure plagiarism, I think Nikolai (NF-68) will forgive me a sinner ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ !!!!!

    Thank you!!!!!!!!
    1. kalibr
      April 28 2018 07: 21
      Good morning Vladislav! It's just that I always try to keep my promises. As our ancestors said: "Keeping your word, do not give stronger!" And the topic itself is very interesting. In principle, if our country were richer, there might have been the appearance of books: "The most famous helmets of the world", "The most famous swords" ... "Castles" ... But so far, publishers agree only on "The most famous tanks", airplanes and ships.
      1. Cat
        Cat April 28 2018 08: 06
        Well dare the trouble began !!!
        By the way, I learned about you by writing out an application for TM in the magazine Tanko-Master in childhood. God bless me, from the article about the German self-propelled gun "Ferdenand" which is up to the heap and "Eliphant".
        What was my surprise when, having bought an encyclopedia about tanks in the 2000s, I again read the familiar story about the models of tanks that you made on the occasion of the 70th anniversary of either Lenin or the October Revolution in the introduction.
        But what was my joy when, on the only site I visit, I was lucky for the third time to “encounter” you as an author of articles and an interlocutor !!!
        Thank you sincerely for today's article !!! In other matters, as well as for others.
        Regards, Your Cat!
        1. kalibr
          April 28 2018 08: 32
          On the occasion of the 110th anniversary of his birth at the All-Union Toy Competition, sitting in his village of Pokrovo-Berezovka ... It was something ... drawings from TM. And what about the tracks? I bought a planet rover, took it off, gave it a shape “like on a tank”. Under it, I plotted the projections along the cells. Then he made everything out of polystyrene, and pasted it over with thin sheet brass, having minted rivets from the inside ... So he got into the medalists ...
          1. 3x3zsave
            3x3zsave April 28 2018 20: 45
            Great work!
    BRONEVIK April 28 2018 08: 26
    And why are these helmets expensive, estimated?
    1. kalibr
      April 28 2018 08: 33
      Well, I can’t answer you this question. But since they are in the Kremlin’s Armory, then ... clearly not cheap. These are essentially national treasures!
      1. Cat
        Cat April 28 2018 09: 41
        They are invaluable to you and me, since they are our story!
        By the way, Vyacheslav Olegovich began to write a cycle about expensive foreign finds sold for tower money from auctions. Today's article was written by the Author at my request. So the title of the series of articles remains, and the cost of domestic helmets is simply invaluable !!!
    2. 3x3zsave
      3x3zsave April 28 2018 20: 44
      Excuse me, but do you measure everything in life in "candy wrappers"? “After all, the matter is not in money, and not in the number of women ...” (B. Grebenshchikov)
    3. Weyland
      Weyland April 29 2018 14: 02
      Quote: BRONEVIK
      And why are these helmets expensive, estimated?

      Well, princes didn’t usually have the habit of wearing cheap clothes. And when it comes to weapons and armor, the quality of which your precious life depends on ... Given the then technology for manufacturing iron, the so-called refined steel was many times more expensive than ordinary, but more or less reliable weapons and armor could only be made from it! For reference: the Milanese carapace “held” a musket bullet from 100 steps, and the consumer goods “schisezenpancer” made its way “at times” with both a sword and a peasant ax — but the Milan carapace was 30-35 times more expensive. Similarly, the sword of Ulfbercht’s work cost 1000 dinars (4,25 kg of red, that is, not worth its weight in gold, but three times more expensive), but bent into a semicircle and chopped armor - and the sword of "mass production" cost only 3 dinars, but: "Kjartan delivered terrible blows, but the sword was no good. He had to throw him to the ground all the time and straighten the blade with his foot ...".
  3. Begemot
    Begemot April 28 2018 08: 48
    and it’s known for sure that they are ... from Turkey!
    This is just nothing surprising, as well as this
    weapons from the East found new owners in Russia
    because in the territory of modern Turkey there is a hotbed of the most ancient iron production. It is iron. there, before others, they learned to melt suitable for further processing and process iron.
    1. Weyland
      Weyland April 29 2018 14: 33
      Quote: Begemot
      in the territory of modern Turkey there is a hotbed of the most ancient iron production.

      More precisely - in Turkish Armenia, and the tradition has not been interrupted for 4000 years! The inventors of iron technology - the Khalibs - were already assimilated by the Armenians by the time of Plutarch, and it was the descendants of the Khalibs - the Amsheni Armenians (they are Hemsheels) who were the best armourers of the Ottoman Empire. Most Hamshens converted to Islam (so quotes from the Koran on the helmet could be engraved by its direct manufacturer), so their genocide 1915-22 did not affect - and many of them still live in the same places and work with metal
  4. Cheldon
    Cheldon April 28 2018 08: 55
    Very interesting. Thanks to the author! hi
  5. Trilobite Master
    Trilobite Master April 28 2018 10: 40
    In my opinion a very good article, thanks to the author. It is even interesting how they will pervert it within the framework of the new faith and other historical confessions. smile After the author’s attacks on the Assyrians, who, it turns out, are not Slavs and the Ataman Empire, the article gains public response.
    I foresee something like
    The author, under the guise of rusty pieces of iron, distorts the history of the Great Scytho-Russian Empire (VSRI) and tries to deprive us of the well-earned past greatness

    Well, colleagues, wait? laughing
  6. Operator
    Operator April 28 2018 11: 33
    "But after the baptism of Rus, its spiritual development went in a single channel of European civilization," - the development of the Slavs always went in the general trend of development of European civilization (suddenly):

    - Until 862, the development went on in a tribal channel (as well as among Europeans' Germans and Celts);
    - after the 862 year in the state channel (ahead of the Scandinavians and Poles);
    - after the 988 year in line with the Christian religion (the baptism of a small part of Poland took place in the 966 year, but the Polish Christian community was almost completely cut out by the pagans in the 1035-37 years, after which the inhabitants of Poland had to be baptized again; most of the Scandinavians were pagans for a long time - in the capital Sweden, the main pagan temple was destroyed only after 1060 year).

    Do not confuse South European Roman / Byzantine civilization with North European German-Slavic-Scandinavian civilization. Civilization became a single European only after the baptism of Lithuania in the 1387 year (400 years after Russia).
  7. Curious
    Curious April 28 2018 11: 35
    Yes, Vyacheslav Olegovich! So you fell a victim to fraudsters who are called official historians. Moreover, they act as sophisticated. It seems that Alexander Nevsky’s helmet was examined from all sides, an entry was found in the “State account order account”, the absence of the name of master Davydov was established. In a word - oriental work. But the Arabic inscription itself was not carefully examined! And the devil, as you know, is in the details!
    And only a real scientist Chudinov, a leading specialist in a certain (invented by himself, since official science refused this) ancient Russian script, a man who established that the inhabitants of the North American continent spoke and, of course, wrote in Russian 80 years ago, this inscription examined, conducted an epigraphic study. And what did he see? See for yourself.

    That is, there are no Arabic writings there. It’s just that the Russian master stylized Russian into Arabic. The inscriptions MIM OF YARA TEMPLE, YARA BIRTH, YAR TEMPLE, MOSCOW, YAR TEMPLE WORLD, YAR MARA TEMPLE say that this is a ritual helmet for escort to the afterlife Vedic world. And it was made in Moscow, in the temple of Yar Roda, and belonged to mime Yar. Whether Alexander Nevsky was a mime of Yar is still unknown, but not impossible. Academician Chudinov is working on this issue.
    Thus, the highest helmet manufacturing culture, the ability to write inscriptions in Arabic so that they could be read in Russian, shows that the Vedists had a higher culture than Catholics who lived with them at the same time. And under the slogan "fight against pagan superstitions" by Christians, these obedient servants of the Masters of the West, the previous higher Vedic material and spiritual culture was destroyed.
    1. kalibr
      April 28 2018 12: 26
      I'm just killed by a 19,05 caliber bullet from a Brown Bess musket right through! Dumbfounded by a Turkish mace from the Armory and in addition chopped himself up by Nepalese kukri. And, by the way, now I understand the meaning of the song: "Oh, coachman, drive to Yar ...."
      1. peta locksmith
        peta locksmith April 29 2018 18: 51
        "Yar" is the name of several famous restaurants in Moscow of the XNUMXth - early XNUMXth centuries.

        On the first day of January 1826, in Moscow "a restaurant was opened with a dining and dinner table, all sorts of grape wines and liquors, desserts, coffee and tea at very reasonable prices." The owner of this “restaurant” with the hotel was the Frenchman Tranquil Yard

        Then the surname Yard was reduced to Yar

        to go to Yar - this is not to go to some place, but to go to Yar (Yard) - that is, to go to Vasya, Petya, Kolya - or to Yar (Yard)

        Romance "Hey driver, drive to Yar" first performer Yuri Morfessi Music by A. Yuriev Lyrics by B. Andrzhievsky
        In the romance, the words HEY, BOXER, GONI-KA TO "YAR" What is so sad ... Take a guitar, Sing a song about love. Or it’s better to go to the Yar. To warm up the blood with champagne ... Hey, coachman, drive to the Yar, etc.
      2. voyaka uh
        voyaka uh 2 May 2018 22: 53
        Once upon a time, a picture of an old stone slab with inscriptions in an unknown unencrypted language walked on the Internet. The Vedists engaged in decryption and received a detailed text about the ancient battle. But someone noticed that if you put the plate upside down, you get a simple Yiddish text: "such an honest craftsman lived and praised God and died, and is buried, the date is the first half of the 19th century." yes
    2. Trilobite Master
      Trilobite Master April 28 2018 14: 01
      Quote: Curious
      The inscriptions of the MIM TEMPLE OF YAR, KIND OF YAR TEMPLE OF YAR, MOSCOW, THE WORLD OF TEMPLE OF YAR, TEMPLE OF YAR MARA say that it is a ritual helmet for escorting to the afterlife Vedic world. And it was made in Moscow, in the temple of Yar Rod, and belonged to the mime of Yar. Whether Alexander Nevsky was the mime of Yar is still unknown, but not excluded.

      It is necessary to warn. wassat
      No, I certainly know that the full name and title of Rurik were actually the following: Rarog Ivan Imanuilovich Sokolov-Sineusov, Haraoh Yara, the Emperor and commander-in-chief of the air forces of Russia (this was the name for planet Earth), dead and resurrected, holy and godlike, buried in the sky (on Mars, if anyone knows). I also know that European Christianity is a distorted true teaching of Rurikarianism. But to like this ... wassat
      Viktor Nikolayevich, dear, did you feel like Chudinov, how dashing the wind? Personally, I have not specifically began to search for revelations of freaks from history on him. At that time I was happy, but now the world will never be the same for me ... So Vyacheslav Olegovich understood the meaning of the song about the driver, and I felt the depth and wisdom of the saying “many knowledge - many sorrows” on my unhappy skin.
      1. Curious
        Curious April 28 2018 15: 11
        Do you remember the immortal creation of Ilf and Petrov's "Golden Calf"? "" And only one market of a special category of crooks, calling themselves the children of Lieutenant Schmidt, is in a chaotic state. Anarchy was tearing apart the corporation of the lieutenant’s children, and they could not derive from their profession those benefits which she undoubtedly could bring.
        Strange as it may seem, the corporation of traditional historians, which was never monolithic, simply could not stand the blow of perestroika and glasnost and fell into the same chaotic state as the corporation of unholy false offspring of a heroic revolutionary.
        Moreover, by the beginning of the 90s, among scientists, including historians, a large number of all kinds of astral entities had accumulated, which were nobody in history, but they well felt the historical moment and what benefits the history could bring, if used correctly.
        There was a need for reforms, since official science mercilessly stifled any commercial undertakings in the form of the latest revolutionary discoveries and prevented it from being fruitfully put into bins, robbing gullible fellow citizens.
        And here, for the happiness of the controversial figures from history, mineralogical scientists led by Dmitry Mineev established the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences. I can’t call Mineev Balaganov, since the RANS was conceived as a place where mineralogists could easily communicate on the subject of various pebbles. I don’t know how this idea fell prey to blackjack lovers and whores from science, but RANS very quickly turned into “raspberries” for various ambiguously evaluated personalities. On this "raspberry" I found Chudinov, quite by accident, by clicking on some link in the search I don’t remember what.
        1. Mikado
          Mikado April 28 2018 16: 27
          by the way, I’ll join Michael! It is necessary to warn. In the morning I looked, I almost got hurt by my mind. No, I understand that you have a day off, Caliber too, but the first thought was already poured by both! drinks
  8. Andy
    Andy April 28 2018 13: 09
    interesting. let's see what will happen in the second part. :)
    1. kalibr
      April 28 2018 14: 18
      You won’t even guess! But it will be interesting, I promise!
      1. Andy
        Andy April 28 2018 14: 51
        Vyacheslav, but would you like to make an article (s) about Russian armor? Options for chain mail and more. on the internet either full slag or written frankly boring.
        1. Mikado
          Mikado April 28 2018 16: 25
          You see, Andrey, and you all: "Not for VO, not for VO!" wink drinks
          Vyacheslav, but would you like to make an article (s) about Russian armor?

          EMNIP, Vyacheslav Olegovich already wrote cycles on Russian armor and weapons in both the 16th and 17th. But for some reason I’m sure that he will write! yes
          1. Andy
            Andy April 28 2018 16: 53
            I do not criticize all articles. and not out of spite :) apparently about the Russian armor missed. but western yes, there was an article.
            1. Mikado
              Mikado April 28 2018 17: 11
              he will write, do not hesitate. hi The esteemed Caliber is generally distinguished by a great variety in creativity. By the way, it's really expensive! soldier Why? It is necessary to write about what the soul lies to, otherwise creativity is not creativity, and articles that are uninteresting will come out as if from a stick. No. And without inspiration, as you know, you won’t even spend the night with a girl! request wink
            2. kalibr
              April 28 2018 17: 20
              It’s easy to write in Western languages. Right now I have a Leeds Museum website open. I’m crawling through the archive, downloading pictures based on “public domain”, text for each artifact ... if something is “wrong” - a request to the museum and permission to use it. But I can’t imagine, for example, how I will photograph chain mail in my Penza Museum of Local Lore. I do not wish the evil enemy to carry out this "operation"!
        2. kalibr
          April 28 2018 17: 16
          But read the continuation of this article and find out why it is ... difficult. That is, I can write something, but there are moments that do not allow this topic to be developed in a sufficient way. Back in Soviet times there was an excellent article "On the history of plate armor in Russia." historian Medvedev in the journal "Soviet Archeology", there was an article by Kirpichnikov about helmets ... I would also find about chain mail, but ... there is.
  9. Weyland
    Weyland April 29 2018 13: 44
    It is possible that the gift is directly from the sovereign, which cannot but be accepted. But how to wear it, if you are an Orthodox tsar, and quotes from the Koran are written on the helmet.
    Given that it is no coincidence that the quote is from Sura 61, where “Musa (= Moses) and Isa (= Jesus) brand the sons of Israel (= the sons of Israel, that is, Jews), declare them stubborn infidels and accuse that they want to extinguish the light of the faith of Allah. In the same surah, Allah promises to make his religion higher than everyone else, even if it does not appeal to pagan polytheists. so that they sacrifice both their property and even life, and the apostles who are the followers of Isa, son of Mariam (Jesus. son of Mary). "
    It is possible that the helmet was made as a gift to the Christian sovereign, and the cited Sura was chosen quite purposefully as a reminder that Muslims also revere Moses and Jesus Christ and this creates, so to speak, a "platform for negotiations"
  10. Weyland
    Weyland April 29 2018 13: 50
    It's just that this form is rational, that's all. Even the Assyrians had such helmets, and that they are also Slavs?

    And before the Assyrians, the Hittites wore them, from whom the Assyrians and Urartians borrowed them. Yes, and the "hedge" (crown of Upper Egypt) has a similar shape.
    1. Mikado
      Mikado April 29 2018 21: 19
      yes, the form seems to be super-rational. Even the Mongolian helmets were similar, just more flattened. soldier
  11. Alex
    Alex 1 May 2018 21: 49
    However, there is another opinion that the helmet from under Yuryev-Polsky never belonged to Alexander Nevsky. If you consider this question in the second part, then I temporarily shut up.