1. Comment: "The author does not understand the essence of the subject under discussion."
Answer: It can be argued that the author, since 1985, working as the head of the research institute sector aviation systems, for 20 years collaborated with the OKB im. Tupolev and dealt with issues of scientific support of the onboard defense complex. Therefore, the material presented in the article should be taken as first-hand.
2. “It’s not true that the B-160a bomber was used as a prototype for the Tu-1.”
The author even had to expand the section “History creation, to avoid such comments. In the USSR, never hesitated to borrow anything from the enemy. As an example, the following pairs can be cited: F-111 - Su-24, F-15 - Su-27, B-1a - Tu-160. In this case, of course, no one meant that someone received a complete set of documents. For example, for the Su-27, the general F-15 scheme was used with its own processing - the air intakes were moved from under the wings under the bottom and the wing was located below. When developing the Tu-160 to the scheme of a similar B-1a, they came only in the third version of the layout. The only case of a full copy - (B-29 - Tu-4) was made on the direct instructions of Stalin. KB Mikoyan, Ilyushin, Yakovlev, Myasishchev, Beriev used their own development.
3. “The Tu-160 could well strike one of the North Canadian Dew line radars and go deep into Canada.”
The Dew line consists of unattended radars and serves as a burglar alarm, that is, it should only report the fact of the start of the attack and the indicative location of the breakthrough. The destruction of one of the radar is such a fact. Further, fighters and AWACS AWACS aircraft are being raised from internal airfields of Canada. A pair of F-15C fighters with PTB can meet the Tu-160 and detect them using their own radar. The detection range of a “heavy bomber” target for the F-15 is 400 km. The width of the strip viewed during the flight of a pair of fighters reaches 600-700 km. That is, to cover the entire northern border of Canada will require only five pairs of F-15C. The detection range of heavy bombers with an AWACS aircraft is 700-800 km. According to his target designation, fighters can take targets for tracking at a distance of 500 km. The AMRAAM rocket launch range is 150 km, so one fighter can hit several targets, even when they are flying in heavily dispersed formations. Therefore, the penetration of the T-160 into the depths of the territory of Canada will not solve any strategic tasks, but will only lead to the senseless death of our pilots.
4. "It is possible to increase the power of the EW complex and use the disposable ransferable interference transmitters."
The Tu-160 is equipped with the EIB complex “Baikal”, which was developed in the 80-ies. At that time, omnidirectional antennas were used, radiating interference in all directions. The power of such interference was barely enough to cover the aircraft even then. In modern conditions, this complex has become completely ineffective. Given the increased EPR of the Tu-160, to hide it in modern conditions, the energy potential of the new complex will be ten times greater than that of Baikal. This will require the use of large size antennas based on the HEADLIGHTS. Such a complex of increased power will require a completely new and expensive development, and it will be very difficult to place it on an airplane due to the large dimensions of the antennas.
One-time interference transmitters have too little power to cover a target with such a large ESR. In addition, due to the flow of incoming air, they very quickly lag behind the aircraft. In order to derail the ZUR targeting, the transmitter must act on its hc for at least 3 seconds, that is, for Tu-160, the use of one-time interference transmitters is not effective.
5. "It is necessary to resume production in order to replace the outgoing old aircraft."
In the US, no one is going to resume production of B-52 or B-1b, they must reach its natural wear and tear and be written off. It is also necessary to do with the Tu-160. If, in accordance with the plans of the Ministry of Defense, the release of the Tu-160 will last until 2035 of the year, then they will be operated up to the 2070 of the year, and maybe even later. At this time, air defense equipment will develop so much that the Tu-160 will not have the slightest chance of survival. Therefore, it is necessary to completely abandon the CA or start the production of the PAK DA on the model of the American B-2.
6. “After the first nuclear strike, the enemy’s air defense system will be in such a destroyed state that our planes will be able to deliver any kind of strikes.”
If the retaliatory strike on the territory of the United States is so strong that even the DEW line located at 70 ° N is broken, then no further use of TU-160 will be required, since the United States will suffer the required unacceptable damage. To inflict such damage, it is sufficient to use less than 10% of the XBUM ICBMs that we have. Americans are so urbanized that any destruction of the infrastructure will lead the country to chaos. For example, if you do not even hit the cities, and destroy the transformer fields of several distribution centers of electricity, then life in the country will stop. Rats and epidemics will complete the job.
However, one should not expect that if such damage is caused to the United States, our territory will remain intact. It is enough to strike at Moscow, as life in the country will also be paralyzed, since we have all the transport communications, communications, management systems tied to Moscow. Moscow’s missile defense system can intercept enemy ICBM units. It will not be effective against a massive strike, since the very first high-altitude nuclear explosion paralyzes the radar. The explosion forms an ionized cloud of such size that other targets behind it are not visible. It should also be borne in mind that too much impact on the US will cause the effect of a global nuclear winter. For our northern country, the consequences will be much worse than for the USA. As a result, it is better to agree that the CA will be used for non-nuclear conflicts.
It should also be borne in mind that the United States developed the concept of "limited nuclear war", according to which the retaliatory strike is dealt with the same number of ICBMs as they were attacked.
I have to recall a quote from Einstein’s letter to President Truman: “I don’t know how weapons there will be a third world war, but the fourth - with sticks and stones. ”
7. "Due to the coatings, it is possible to repeatedly reduce the EPR of the aircraft."
Coatings are of two types: thin and thick. Thin coatings are rarely used, as they are designed to suppress reflections of one narrow wavelength range of an irradiating radar. Thick coatings are designed to absorb a wide range of waves. Such coatings should provide a smooth change in the properties of the medium. We must not allow drastic changes in the dielectric and magnetic properties at the interface between the coating and the surrounding air. Therefore, coatings are made multi-layered: the inner layer is made highly absorbent, and the closer to the outer layer, the weaker the absorption. As a result, the coating becomes thick and, accordingly, heavy. Most often, such coatings are used on ships.
On airplanes, most of the inconspicuousness is ensured by the correct choice of form, that is, the aircraft must be in shape as close as possible to a flat surface. In order for the junction points of different flat surfaces not to reflect radio waves, absorbing coatings are applied to the junction points. Coating is a complex technological task, since they must withstand both high vibration levels and high velocities of air flow in a wide range of temperatures. On airplanes of old structures, it is extremely difficult to reduce the EPR in this way. For example, to reduce reflections from engine compressors, they should be covered with a sufficiently thick layer of absorbing material. In the case of chipping off at least one piece of this material, vibrations occur that can lead to an engine accident. To carry out such work and test the aircraft in all operating conditions will be very expensive, and the weight of the aircraft will increase markedly, which will reduce the maximum combat load. The E-B-1B was able to be reduced to values less than 10 м2 due to the fact that the reduction of the EPR air intakes and other bright points was carried out in the design process. To achieve the same results for the Tu-160 will be extremely difficult.
8. "The task of the Tu-160 is to reach the launch lines of cruise missiles and intercept it in this case is impossible."
It is too dangerous to reach the US coast across the Atlantic because of the presence of a radar station in Greenland, Scotland, Norway, and so on. Sea areas cover shipborne radar, while AWACS aircraft are added during the period of danger.
It is even more difficult to reach the launch lines across the Pacific Ocean, since we do not have the corresponding home-based airfields in the Far East and Kamchatka. Preparation of the Tu-160 for flight requires a large number of qualified personnel. Before starting, use up to 15 service vehicles. The runway must be thoroughly swept and the airfield must be at least first class. Flying towards Korea, Japan, Indonesia will naturally be impossible due to the presence of air defense in these areas. The airfield will have to be located, for example, in Kamchatka, although even in this case the distance to the US borders will be more than 5 thousand km. Kamchatka and Sakhalin are not the best place for an airfield, as they can be hit by enemy ships and submarines. Another disadvantage of such airfields is difficult weather conditions - typhoons and heavy snowfall. Even if it is possible to approach the US coast at a distance of 1000 km and launch X-101 missiles, the flight conditions of these missiles will be unfavorable. Above the sea, there are no hills and terrain behind which the X-101 hides from detection by ground-based radar. Therefore, balloon radars from 3 km can detect X-101 at a distance of 200 km. It follows that the safest route is the route through the Arctic Ocean, where the Tu-160 can fly 73 ° N. Consequently, the areas of application of TU-160 are limited to the desert waters of the world ocean.
9. "It is possible to develop new equipment, in particular, to use the integral lining of the aircraft."
The integral casing in 90-s was understood to be some military fantasies that the aircraft casing could turn into a solid antenna that receives both radio waves of all bands and IR radiation. There were no such radio receivers either then or now. It is impossible to alter the aircraft's casing so that a lot of holes are made in it because the plane will collapse.
10. "Demonstrating our military power is cheaper with the help of planes, not ships."
A few years ago we made a demonstration of our military power. For example, a pair of Tu-160 flew to our friend Hugo Chavez. Of course, the flight itself is interesting, but the report did not indicate that all instances of our CA’s penetration into the North Atlantic took place when accompanied by NATO fighters. Accordingly, such a demonstration of the flag is possible only in peacetime. There were cases when the Tu-95 flew near US destroyers, but some of our generals advertise the most impressive case. They stated that when our Su-24 flew over the destroyer Donald Cook in the Black Sea, the destroyer left for Turkey, where with fear the team and quit. Destroyer radars could not detect the Su-24 due to the fact that they were suppressed by the Khibiny electronic warfare complex.
Nothing but the ignorance of the speakers, it does not indicate. Any radar specialist knows that the EW complex is the better to suppress the radar, the longer the distance from the radar to the aircraft. That is, there is a certain minimum distance R min, as it is approached to which the quality of suppression of the radar by the EW complex becomes worse and worse and at distances less than R min, the radar freely detects the target. For the case of suppression with the help of electronic warfare "Khibiny" radar "Donald Cook" R min is clearly not less than 100 km. This is explained not only by the high power of the radar, but also by the fact that the Su-24 was developed more than 40 years ago and has a high ESR. Therefore, statements that the aircraft could not be found on the destroyer are simply ridiculous for specialists. In addition, on the destroyers set ZAK "Vulcan Falans", the rate of which 100 rds / sec. Such complexes are called cutters (like our AK-630). When the aircraft approaches a distance of less than one kilometer, the line cuts the plane into parts. Therefore, we should be glad that the Americans have not lost their nerves and the command to open fire has not been received.
The only harm that the Su-24 could have done to the destroyer is that when flying at a very low altitude (about 10 m) above the destroyer superstructure, you can turn on the Su-24 radar and direct the beam to the superstructure. In this case, it is possible that high-sensitivity radio intelligence receivers will burn out.
Therefore, it is much cheaper to display a flag with the help of ships, since the ship’s flag is visible even when it is anchored and does not consume fuel, and the aircraft’s flag is only in flight.
The Ministry of Defense claims that the upgraded Tu-160М2 will have a 60% efficiency greater than the Tu-160. No justification for this statement is not given. It is interesting to learn how improving the cockpit cockpit interfaces, replacing the navigation complex and other auxiliary equipment will increase the effectiveness of attacking enemy aircraft carrier groups ... The enormous cost of the Tu-160М2 program will ultimately lead to the disruption of the surface ship construction program. The HPV 2011-2020's. ship building will be performed on 50% only. Thus, airplanes that are able to participate only in the third world war will be built instead of the ships we need both in peacetime and in local wars.