Military Review

Montserrat. Monastery on the split mountain

41
Post a story about Montserrat need ... with "target designation." That is, it is located only 50 kilometers to the north-west of Barcelona, ​​and since the roads are excellent there, it is in fact very close. If you translate this name from the Catalan language, it will mean "split (or sawn) mountain", and if you look at it from afar, you can quite agree with it, although it seems to someone that it is "a lot of sugar heads, ”and even“ damn fingers ”sticking out of the ground. Or "fingers of angels"? This is someone like that!



Montserrat from afar ...

By itself, this array is quite small: only 10 kilometers long and five wide. Its height is not more than 1236 meters. So here, too, there are no special preferences for other mountains in Montserrat. And yet, this place is one of the most visited in the world. Why?


The monastery complex and the road leading to it.

The reasons are called three, and each of them matters. And so all together and even more so.

Let's start with the first: here at the height of 725 meters above sea level there is the monastery of Montserrat, owned by Benedictine monks, and its basilica keeps the unique Catholic shrine - the Black Madonna. The second reason is simpler, but no less significant - this is the amazing beauty of the local limestone rocks, which were admired and admired by artists, poets, and simply lovers of the species.


Map of the monastery with all its buildings.

The third reason is that "Catalonia is not Spain!" And here we have it, and you have not. And if so, then “this” must be seen, otherwise what kind of Catalan are you ?!

Montserrat. Monastery on the split mountain

Three-track narrow gauge railway going to the monastery itself.

Legally, Catalonia is one of the 17 major provinces of Spain. And each such province enjoys certain political rights: it has its own flag, its own government, and the population is allowed to speak its native language. Legal proceedings and documentation are conducted in two languages ​​- local and Spanish. That's just the Catalans all this does not suit, and they want complete independence. The desire for it is manifested in Catalonia in everything: the names of streets, cities and railway stations here are written and announced aloud in the Catalan language. Catalan flags are hung on 80% of the balconies in the cities of Catalonia (this does not mean that Spanish is hung on the remaining 20% ... they are simply not there!). The inscriptions on the walls and transformer booths are visible: “Catalonia is not Spain” and then it’s very bad about the police ...


The cable car station.

It is curious that in Spain, where 75% of the population are Catholic, it is in Catalonia that atheists are the most. In the local cities, especially the small ones, the closed temples no longer surprise anyone, and serving them is a holiday for local believers who are going there as an ad, as if to a club.


Museum (left).

Montserrat is only one of the very few Benedictine monasteries still preserved in Catalonia. But he owns the Black Madonna, and Catalonia itself owns the Costa Brava, which received the blue flag of UNESCO. In addition, Catalonia contributes to the budget of Spain up to 25% of all its total government revenues, so the Catalans believe that they give more to Spain than they receive from it! And they want the opposite, and they very much want it. And the one who wants something should appeal to the Black Madonna ... Here are the Catalans and climb this mountain to ask for the freedom of the whole Catalan people ... well, ask for little things for yourself personally.


Here you can clearly see where that is located here ...

There are a lot of legends about how Montserrat appeared. Just as the legends associated with finding the figure of the Madonna, which some unknown shepherds found in one of the caves on the mountain. They wanted to tear it down, but it turned out to be so heavy, though small in size, that the local bishop took it as a sign and decided to build its temple right on the mountain.


The view from above on the monastery complex is amazing.

So it was all or not, but the real person about whom we know that he founded the monastery on the mountain was Abbot Olib (971-1046). The Benedictine monks built the first basilica there, and when it was consecrated, the statue of the Madonna “agreed” to leave her cave and move to a more appropriate place for her.

Even then, Madonna’s face and hands were of a dark color, but the Baby in her lap and the sphere in her right hand, which could be touched to fulfill her cherished desire, was not yet at that time. Both the baby and this sphere were made only in the XVIII century. But why is it dark? Was it really Madonna was a black woman? Negretta - “little black”, as the Catalans call it, owes its appearance to antiquity. Then, in pre-Gothic time, the Christian basilicas were small, with low arches. And it is clear that in such premises soot from candles all subjects covered with a thick layer. But if gold can be washed from gold and silver, then it is eaten tightly into porous wood. So, over time, the wooden parts of this sculpture and acquired its own characteristic dark color.


Basilica View inside.

This place played a special role in the fate of one very famous person. His name was Ignatius de Loyola (1491-1556). And he was in his youth and lecherous and revelers, and a drunkard, and perhaps the most true atheist. But when he was 30 years old, he was badly injured during the siege of Pamplona. Once in bed, he began to read spiritual literature out of boredom and ... this brought peace to his soul. Loyola had this effect so that he went to holy places and first of all decided to visit Montserrat. And there, standing in front of the statue of the Virgin, he spiritually saw the light, grasped the truth and began to fight against the burgeoning disbelief.


Ceiling.

However, neither the intercession of the heavens nor the sanctity of the place saved the monastery when, in 1811, it was destroyed by French soldiers. What for? It’s just that Napoleon believed that the holy grail — the cup of Christ — was hidden on Montserrat and, by the way, decided, like Hitler afterwards, to seize this relic, hoping that it would protect it. I did not know, by the way, this fact from the life of Napoleon, and he fell heavily in my eyes. Well, one had to be so stupid, by God ... Fortunately, the monks hid the statue of Madonna in a safe place, and the godless French did not find it!


Organ.

For a long time, Spain did not have the strength or the money to restore the monastery, and it began only in 1844. It began, but continued with the donations of the Catalans and the collections of the Benedictine monks for almost 100 years. And what is interesting is that when General Franco came to power in the country in 1936, he banned all internal cultural differences in the country, including all languages ​​except Spanish. But only in the walls of the restored cathedral of Montserrat, the service, the weddings, the funeral services, and the baptism - everything was done in the native Catalan language. And nothing even Franco could not do about it.

By the way, it is believed that his shrine, the Black Madonna, continues to fulfill the cherished desires of all who refer to it, regardless of whether they believe or not, or simply come here as tourists.


"Flight into Egypt." Stained glass window.

As for the way to see all this with my own eyes and check the power of the Madonna - this is to go to Spain, to Barcelona, ​​and go on an excursion in the monastery of Montserrat. If an organized tour seems too expensive, you can go there even by train. And you can get to the top by a special mountain train, by cable car or just on foot.


"Birth of Christ." Another stained glass window.

In Spain, electric trains are not quite ordinary. Until Barcelona, ​​they go on the surface of the earth, and almost silently, but on the way to the city they dive underground and turn into ... subway trains and vice versa. Here and to Montserrat from the Barcelona-Plaça Espanya station is the R5 Barcelona-Manresa line, by which you have to go to Monistrol de Montserrat station (flashes in the car and the display and announcer is announced at the foot of Montserrat mountain). In time, it will take 1 an hour, 10 minutes. The narrow-gauge Cremallera de Montserra train goes to the mountain from here, and even to the monastery itself, and while you ride it, you can see a lot of interesting things. On average, trains from Barcelona and the narrow gauge train run every hour, so in any case you will not be late.


These electric trains run along all branches in Barcelona and its surroundings.

You can take the same train to Aeri de Montserrat station, and from there climb up the Aeri de Montserrat cable car directly to the monastery in just 5 minutes.


To protect against falling stones in the most dangerous places hang nets.

Funiculars on Montserrat are not even one, but two: Funicular de Sant Joan and Funicular de Santa Cova. The first is the coolest funicular in Spain. It goes to the very top, from where the walking routes through the Montserrat park start. The second one can get to the Holy Cave, where, according to legend, the statue of the Black Madonna was found.


In the museum. Objects of the cult of high artistic merit.

In the cathedral, everyone approaches her statue in a queue and touches her hand. It’s impossible to stand and hold on to it for a long time - a special worker is on duty nearby and he hurries too religious or slow. The statue of Madonna is behind the bulletproof glass, but in it a cutout is made just for her hand. The people holding her hand say they felt the divine energy emanating from her. But this is someone like that. Someone to the touch is just a cool tree, but when you look at it, you unwittingly imagine the millions of people passing by it and the millions of consciousnesses that came into contact with this tree. And it seems to be unwittingly - “What if something is there!” And the lips themselves whisper - “Give me ... to my loved ones, to all people ...!” Although, probably, you should ask for the opposite ...


Here it is - "Black Madonna"! Ask and it will be given you according to your faith!
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  1. Cat
    Cat April 25 2018 05: 28
    +8
    What you can’t take away from Vyacheslav Olegovich is the ability to describe the place in such a way that it seems as if you yourself were there, looked, touched ....
    Thank you very much!
    1. Bar1
      Bar1 April 25 2018 07: 12
      +3
      in appearance, the monastery building is by no means ancient, the architecture is quite ordinary and reminds a monastery on Mount Athos. Simonopetra Monastery.

      1. Trilobite Master
        Trilobite Master April 25 2018 11: 04
        +4
        Quote: Bar1
        in appearance the building of the monastery is not ancient,

        In 1811, the monastery was set on fire and destroyed by Napoleon's troops. From the original buildings of the monastery, only the Romanesque portal of the cathedral and the remains of the Gothic cloister have survived.
        Quote from wiki.
        Simonopetra Monastery
        suffered from numerous fires (in 1570, 1622 and 1891). For this reason, repeatedly rebuilt.
        Also from wiki.
        It's simple.
  2. 3x3zsave
    3x3zsave April 25 2018 06: 17
    +4
    It seemed to me that all the rites and services in Catholicism are conducted in Latin. Did you mean the sermons?
    1. kalibr
      April 25 2018 08: 24
      +3
      I myself did not hear what information I received, I reproduced that word for word.
      1. 3x3zsave
        3x3zsave April 25 2018 21: 16
        +5
        I received the same information from the guide in Figueiros. According to her, Dali was the only person who was allowed to speak his native dialect in the presence of a caudillo. I doubt very much that the Galician Franco generally understood the semi-French "Catalana".
    2. Curious
      Curious April 25 2018 09: 46
      +5
      The Second Vatican Council - the 1962st Ecumenical Council of the Catholic Church, opened at the initiative of Pope John XXIII in 1965 and lasting until 4, the cathedral closed already under Pope Paul VI. The council adopted a number of important documents related to church life - 9 constitutions, 3 decrees and XNUMX declarations.
      One of the adopted constitutions and the most important is the Sacrosanctum Concilium. Full name is the Sacrosanctum Concilium Constitution for the Holy Liturgy. Approved by Pope Paul VI on December 4, 1963, after it was approved at the council. For the final version of the constitution, 2 participants in the council spoke in favor, 147 against.
      36 - I. the article contains a revolutionary provision for the Roman rite - despite the proclamation that the Latin language should be preserved as the main language in Latin rites, the use of local languages ​​is allowed "primarily in readings and teachings, in some prayers and chants." It is worth noting that although only limited use of local languages ​​is supposed here, the post-conciliar requests of bishop conferences for mass in national languages ​​and the reciprocal permits of Rome led to the fact that by the time the new missal was released in 1970, there were no parts left in the mass that the priest was would have to commit in latin.
      Currently, most masses are performed in national languages, although in some places masses are sometimes performed, or regularly, in Latin.
      In preparing the commentary, he used Wikipedia.
  3. Andy
    Andy April 25 2018 07: 00
    +2
    not a military review, but a club of travelers. How does this relate to the theme of the site? then about the monastery then about the werewolf and Little Red Riding Hood ... was not your article?
    1. Cat
      Cat April 25 2018 10: 14
      +8
      You can think of it as a club of history travelers!
      By the way, Tour Kheirdal and Yuri Senkevich proved history to their travels, so see wider !!!
      1. Andy
        Andy April 25 2018 10: 37
        -1
        I am not against such articles, but not on this site. because of this, the volume and number of articles of the core is reduced.
        1. Curious
          Curious April 25 2018 13: 05
          +7
          Dear, give examples of truncated specialized articles! Or do you mean those articles of a completely cave content about "protomegaskyphorus"? Or do authors of the Gervais level with Petrushevsky stand in line on the site? Here, even the appearance of an article by the Shirokorad compiler is an event. Or maybe your article on military-historical topics was cut down?
          1. Andy
            Andy April 25 2018 13: 26
            -1
            hurt the feelings of ren-tv fans? no material on the topic and do not write. the most disgusting thing is that a thing that has gone into the past will repeatedly pop up on the main page. it’s a pity that minus the author does not stick.
            1. Curious
              Curious April 25 2018 14: 18
              +7
              My dear, you would deign instead of an indistinct hissing to essentially answer the question. If there is nothing to answer in essence - and do not write.
              1. Andy
                Andy April 25 2018 14: 27
                -1
                type the history section and see that articles related to the army or people wearing epaulettes are pushed aside by this "masterpiece" of the army that does not belong to any side. I said it 10 times, but it didn’t get to you. Does this not allow the brain maidan or religion?
                1. Curious
                  Curious April 25 2018 14: 38
                  +7
                  So rudeness flooded. Sir, yes you need a psychologist, fight with your own complexes, and not hang on the Internet. You can answer not to work, anyway from you nothing worthy of attention is expected. Good luck!
                2. Mikado
                  Mikado April 25 2018 15: 05
                  +8
                  Andrey, let me support the esteemed Curios. "To each his own". The site is full of other articles on the topics you need. There is nothing wrong with your liking other topics. But many people like these, and there’s nothing wrong with that either, because to each his own. hi
                  because of this, the volume and number of specialized articles is being cut.

                  I am not enthusiastic recently even from articles "profile". hi Viktor Nikolaevich is right - even the appearance of Shirokorad is an event.
                  1. Andy
                    Andy April 25 2018 21: 39
                    0
                    I agree with you that the article is not bad but off topic. and the question was raised until there were werewolves and others on the VO ... even the "works" of alternative historians are more respected than werewolves with red caps. but since the support group in the form of curiosity arrived in time and to fulfill it. answered the same rudeness
                    1. Mikado
                      Mikado April 25 2018 22: 28
                      +6
                      even the "works" of alternative historians are more respected than werewolves with red caps

                      how to tell you, Andrey .. I personally caught some authors on the site on the fact that they quoted Wikipedia word for word. Is it professionalism? No, you can use any sources, but .. on one condition! You must rewrite it in your own words. But users are happy and applaud. I don’t want to talk about some sections of VO, because they have slipped into the category "You won’t believe Theresa May farted towards Russia! Let's discuss it!“Stupidity is obvious? Naturally! But the authors write, users jump for happiness, throw slogans at each other, one hurray is more patriotic than the other, they say,“ Ah, let's hit them with a vigorous bomb! ”(And none of them, naturally, with a warm I won’t go to war.) Stupidity? Once again, naturally. But articles collect clicks, and authors collect money regularly. hi This is precisely the problem of the site at the moment, and many have already noticed it.
                      but just in time a support group in the form of a curios

                      for "ispolit" - a fat plus! good on the topic of articles .. Last year one of the most beautiful cycles about the "three-ruler" was published.
                      https://topwar.ru/115871-rovesnica-germanskogo-ma
                      uzera-rossiyskaya-vintovka-1891-goda-voprosy-i-ot
                      vety-pochemu-zhe-ee-pristrelivali-so-shtykom-glav
                      a-pervaya.html
                      Wrote V.O. Shpakovsky. And Curios (Victor Nikolayevich, in our opinion) wrote a great addition to the cycle.
                      https://topwar.ru/115871-rovesnica-germanskogo-ma
                      uzera-rossiyskaya-vintovka-1891-goda-voprosy-i-ot
                      vety-pochemu-zhe-ee-pristrelivali-so-shtykom-glav
                      a-pervaya.html
                      There was another person who took part in this - I took photos in the archives of the Artillery Museum ....
                      In general, the people gathered here are good, but the topics .. You know, different, but it’s always interesting to discuss! drinks even if not directly about the war! For example, for me, for the last article in general, a massacre was organized on the forum! laughing drinks laughing
        2. Trilobite Master
          Trilobite Master April 25 2018 15: 35
          +7
          Quote: Andy
          I am not against such articles, but not on this site. because of this, the volume and number of articles of the core is reduced.

          Honestly, so much spam is posted daily on the site that VO Shpakovsky’s articles sometimes seem to be just a breath of fresh air. I, in fact, would cut some authors, but no one would go for it, because tons of negative feedback from readers, rightly outraged by the lack of respect that the authors mentioned demonstrate in relation to them, considering them to be unintelligent, give an appropriate number of clicks.
          In the article under discussion, there is more history than in all Russian "super-ethnos" with the "masters of the West" put together for the entire period of their "existence."
          1. Mikado
            Mikado April 25 2018 16: 45
            +7
            Mikhail .. You voiced what many people have been thinking for themselves for a long time .. I subscribe to every word. hi With respect, Nicholai drinks
            1. Trilobite Master
              Trilobite Master April 25 2018 17: 50
              +7
              Nikolai, welcome. smile hi
              Nothing to do. The days when the media brought and directed, shaping the public consciousness, have sunk into oblivion. Demand creates supply, you can not help it. Here, Vyacheslav Olegovich, though he tries, writes, but the people still do not like it. smile
              1. Cat
                Cat April 25 2018 19: 38
                +8
                Ah yes Victor Nikolaevich! Ah well done!
                Soon I’ll start to get used to it, then our brotherhood is recorded in a sect, then in the inquisitors, now the fans of Ren-Tiwi have realized!
                By the way, the last time I watched this channel was 5 or 6 years, I don’t remember .... But I know for sure that, in principle, Viktor Nikolayevich rarely watches television!
                Dear Andy, do not waste time, sign up with our staff psychologist Nikolai (Mikado)! He will work with you, you look and be more tolerant of others. We ask that in a divine and high quality!
                Now Andrei (Andy) is addressing you. In being, there are two qualitatively comprehensive sciences: philosophy and history!
                If simple. The first teaches to think, the second - not to repeat mistakes!
                Ultimately, in the works of Vyacheslav Olegovich, we get the opportunity to do the first and second. But it is especially valuable in the articles of the Author that he always accompanies his articles. So we have the opportunity to clarify, criticize, etc. And we are doing all this so that we get not only knowledge but also sincere pleasure!
                Moreover, sometimes the value of comments is comparable to the article itself !!!
                Sincerely, Kitty!
                1. Andy
                  Andy April 25 2018 21: 32
                  -1
                  Dear Kotische, comments do not always have to be laudatory. about the criticism of the author, see above, he could not explain HOW does this relate to military topics. not fortification, not a battlefield, nothing ... but for some advice from your text you can also get a counter advice - go somewhere
                  Regards, Andy
                2. 3x3zsave
                  3x3zsave April 26 2018 22: 04
                  +1
                  This is when we were recorded in the inquisitors? What didn’t they tell me? Next time, say that Anton is the first in line and is ready for the stigma of the “executioner of the proto-Arians” (“the pizzotmilens burned personally) !!!
              2. Mikado
                Mikado April 25 2018 22: 34
                +4
                Although Vyacheslav Olegovich is trying, he writes, but the people still do not like it.

                well, there’s one for everyone, Mikhail request and Vyacheslav Olegovich .. he knows how to choose topics about which no one wrote! good
                1. ruskih
                  ruskih April 26 2018 09: 50
                  +5
                  ... well, here to each his own ...

                  I want to join the opinion of Nicholas. love
                  It’s good to have a cup of coffee in the morning to travel to such places on the site, enjoying good, easy narration and wonderful views. Everyone understands that it is impossible to squeeze all the information into a small volume of an article. The article itself is always just the beginning, but comments are already a field for your information. You can always add something of your own. Everyone benefits from this. If you want to criticize - yes, please, no one forbids. But you can do it differently. You can tell a bunch of negativity to the author and going to hurt those who comment, without bringing into the conversation, not a grain of new information. And you can criticize informationally, the example of Viktor Nikolaevich is always before your eyes. And criticism, and always interesting information. It is a pleasure to read. And the monastery ... is how else to look. Religious wars have not been canceled. And Catalonia is the oldest outpost of Christian Spain, bordering on “Arab” Spain. And it’s also interesting why in 1811 Napoleon’s troops with such hatred destroyed this monastery, was it because the godless or something else? ....
                  Civil War (1936-1939). The monastery was closed. Of the 278 priests killed by Republican forces in Catalonia, 22 were monks of the monastery ....
                  During the reign of Franco, the monastery was a refuge for scientists, politicians, students. And a few miles down the road, Franco's people often awaited them. The monastery itself in these years played an important role in preserving the identity of local residents. ...
                  The cable car ... in the years 1936-1940 - during the Civil War - the funicular was used only to transport the wounded to the hospital, which was in the monastery. By the time the armed conflict ended, the state of the cableway was deplorable, but then it was restored ... ..
                  And what did Himler look for when visiting a monastery or is it a legend? ...
                  1. 3x3zsave
                    3x3zsave April 26 2018 22: 28
                    +2
                    "Bravo, first horn!" "The Adventures of Major Zvyagin" (M. Weller)
  4. kalibr
    April 25 2018 08: 23
    +6
    Quote: Andy
    about the werewolf and the little red riding hood ... wasn’t your article?

    Good attitude! In the culture of different nations, and above all religion, the root of the solution of many political and military issues. And about the article ... wasn’t it signed, who is the author? I always sign my materials and they "hang" on the profile.
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. The comment was deleted.
  5. Curious
    Curious April 25 2018 14: 14
    +4
    “However, neither the intercession of heaven, nor the sanctity of the place saved the monastery when the French soldiers destroyed it in 1811. Why? Why, it’s just that Napoleon believed that the Holy Grail - the cup of Christ - was hidden in Montserrat and decided, by the way, like Hitler to take possession this relic, hoping that she would protect him. By the way, I didn’t know this fact from the life of Napoleon, and he fell heavily in my eyes. Well, I had to be so stupid, by God ... "
    Vyacheslav Olegovich, do not rush to overthrow Napoleon from your pedestal. The version that Napoleon was looking for in the monastery of the Grail is obviously the notion of a local guide. She does not stand up to criticism.
    First, Napoleon found the Grail in 1805, of which he was sure. The alleged Grail, the Sacred Chalice, was in the Cathedral of St. Lorenzo in the Italian city of Genoa. This is a hexagonal diskos made of emerald green glass. According to legend, this discos was found in 1100 in the city of Caesarea in Palestine, a descendant from Genoa, a crusader named Guillermo Embriaco. He presented the relic to his hometown, as he was sure that it was from this cup that Christ drank during the Last Supper, Capturing Genoa during his Italian campaign. Bonaparte brought the relic with him to Paris. In 1816, she returned to Italy, but on the way she broke into nine parts, one of which has not yet been found. Subsequently, the Holy Cup was carefully restored and mounted on a metal frame.
    Therefore, there was no need for Napoleon to search for the Grail in 1811.
    Secondly, the idea that the "Holy Grail can be kept in the" wonderful castle of Monsalvat in the Pyrenees "was fluently voiced for the first time in Richard Wagner's opera Parsifal, which premiered in Bayreuth in 1882, 60 years after Napoleon's death.
    And the third - the monastery does not appear among the likely locations of this relic. There is a French Montsegur, from Spain - Leon and Valencia. So they tried to discredit Napoleon undeservedly.
    1. kalibr
      April 25 2018 17: 18
      +4
      Yes, guides listen sometimes ... not worth it!
  6. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh April 25 2018 14: 45
    +4
    The place and the monastery are really amazing.
    For a couple of "sugar heads", low (where not required
    no equipment) I climbed, climbed, not too lazy.
    From there, really, the view is unforgettable. I even remembered
    more than the monastery itself.
    And there is a beautiful trail around the entire monastery and in the park.
    1. stone
      stone April 26 2018 16: 59
      +3
      Yes, a great place. Also was there and climbed! They also bought great honey there!
  7. NF68
    NF68 April 25 2018 16: 45
    +5
    Interesting article.
    1. Cat
      Cat April 25 2018 19: 40
      +5
      Dear Nikolay, where is +++++++++++?
      Sincerely Your Cat!
      1. NF68
        NF68 April 26 2018 16: 08
        +2
        Quote: Kotischa
        Dear Nikolay, where is +++++++++++?
        Sincerely Your Cat!


        +++++++++++ and more ++++++++++
  8. kalibr
    April 26 2018 18: 34
    +3
    Quote: ruskih
    And what did Himler look for when visiting a monastery or is it a legend? ...

    Sorry, but I don’t know. Didn't even hear about it!
    1. Mikado
      Mikado April 26 2018 20: 23
      +3
      I have a book. "The Holy Grail and the Third Reich." So, there it was written about how the Nazis looked for artifacts. And that Otto Ran (the scientist who had the SS title) kept crawling around Montsegur, and then ... he killed himself! The book could be interesting, but .. Vyacheslav Olegovich, it is impossible to read! The dull text hurts! request even the best material cannot be perceived if it is written in an uninteresting language! soldier
      1. kalibr
        April 26 2018 22: 19
        +3
        That is why I, dear Nikolai, do not like the magazine "Archeology of the Russian Federation". I recommend it myself, but I don’t like it ... As if the authors of the articles specifically set out to cause people to dislike the subject ...
        1. Mikado
          Mikado April 26 2018 23: 06
          +1
          You see, Vyacheslav Olegovich, my opinion is that any material balances on a fragile edge between sincerity and interest. Consider several authors, for example. Valentin Pikul wrote very lively, interesting, but from a historical point of view he is a layman. I have his favorite book, “To Each His Own,” about Moreau and the Napoleonic Wars. Not only did he lie a lot there, but a number of scenes were torn from Rakovsky’s novel “Kutuzov” (for example, about Alexander I, who was traveling with a Jewish escort on a barrel on Austerlitz's eve), but in some scenes he contradicts his the same "Paris for three hours"! But he wrote .. beautifully!
          And the most disgusting example is the infamous Suvorov rezun. This creature, unworthy of being called a man, dealt a blow to domestic history and the idea of ​​it with such strength that we still will not wash off! Dunduk, loser, homosexual - and the books "wrote" such that you read and believe, despite the fact that there is completely a lie! Personally, I suspect that his "books" were not written by this nonsense, but by serious uncles from intelligence - it was written too nicely, with knowledge of psychology ..
          In general, beautifully filed a lie, 80% will believe much more often than half the truth, and a formal official language in addition! hi
          1. 3x3zsave
            3x3zsave April 26 2018 23: 52
            +3
            “So, dear colleagues, let me summarize all of the above. Modern preschool education is no longer able to completely encompass the contingent with the creativity of Soviet authors, because the corrupting influence of the West, in the person of the notorious Pareto Law, makes 20% of the audience think:
            "Who vomited a bear’s paw,
            Throwing a hare in the rain
            Tannin threw the ball into the river,
            Did the goby break the board?
            Everyone knows who,
            This is Agnia Barto! "
            (Excerpt from the transcript of the scientific and practical conference of the leaders of preschool educational institutions)
          2. kalibr
            April 27 2018 07: 52
            +2
            Your comment, dear Nikolai, you can insert one into one into the book "Public Opinion Management Technologies". But as always there is a flip side. Beautiful lies at first admirable. But then, when a person understands what is happening - even more sharp indignation and rejection. For example, I read only one book Rezina. The very first. And immediately I got to check ... and I have not read any other books. Pikul read more. But something bothered me ... I went to check ... and also stopped reading. But who else bought their books! So everything returns to the vulgar level of "dough." So they lost one potential buyer. Then ... many more. That is, life, like history, is a pendulum. You can’t swing it much!