Evgeny Filippovich Ivanovsky was born on March 7 1918 of the year in a small village Cherey, located in the Mogilev province (today it is part of the Chashniki district of the Vitebsk region of the Republic of Belarus). He came from a simple peasant family. In 1925, the family of the future Soviet commander moved to live at Krasny Liman station (in the future he became an honorary resident of the city), located today in the Donetsk region, here Yevgeny Ivanovsky’s father worked on the railway. Here, Eugene was educated after graduating from the station-ten school. After graduation from 1935, he worked as a duty technician at the station radio center.
The following year he was called up for military service in the ranks of the Red Army. Then his military career begins. In 1938, Evgeny Ivanovsky graduated from the Saratov Armored School. After graduation, commanded a platoon of lungs tanks T-26 in parts of the Moscow military district. In 1939, the young lieutenant Ivanovsky took part in operations to incorporate Western Belarus and Ukraine into the USSR. It can be said that this was his first military campaign. His second campaign was the war with Finland, he took a direct part in the Soviet-Finnish war of 1939-40. During the war, he served under another famous Soviet tanker Dmitry Lelyushenko, who at that time was the commander of the 39th separate light tank brigade. For the courage shown in the battles on the Karelian Isthmus, Evgeny Filippovich Ivanovsky received his first military award - the Order of the Red Star.
Political information with crews of T-26 tanks and a landing force before an offensive on the Karelian Isthmus 1940.
In the summer of 1940, Ivanovsky was sent to study at the Military Academy of Mechanization and Motorization of the Red Army named after JV Stalin. The beginning of the Great Patriotic War, the young officer met the senior lieutenant, a student of the command department of the above academy. At the front, he was in the midst of the Moscow battle. Having started the war as a senior lieutenant, he finished it already in the rank of colonel (he received the rank in 26 years), commander of the 62 Guards Lublin heavy tank regiment.
In October 1941, after an accelerated graduation from the academy, Yevgeny Ivanovsky was sent to the front. He began the Great Patriotic War as the chief of staff of a separate tank battalion as part of the 5 Army on the Western Front. He took direct part in defensive and offensive battles during the battle for Moscow. In December, 1941 was appointed commander of his tank battalion, then he joined the ranks of the CPSU (b). He distinguished himself during the liberation from the Nazi invaders of the city of Mozhaisk. Co-workers later noted that the 23-year-old chief of staff of the 27 tank battalion was exemplary in tactical terms and was a damn bold man.
Three months later he was already a major. In March, 1942 of the year received a new assignment - deputy chief of staff of the emerging 199-th tank brigade. In the same month, he was appointed head of the intelligence department of the 2 tank corps, which was formed in Gorky (today Nizhny Novgorod). Since July, 1942 was at the front and participated in the battles as part of the Bryansk Front. In August 1942, the 2 tank corps was deployed at Stalingrad, where it fought north of the city for two months. From December 1942, he participated in the operation to defeat the German fascist troops near Stalingrad, took part in the subsequent attack on the middle Don. He distinguished himself during the battles for the liberation of the cities of Millerovo and Voroshilovgrad (today Lugansk).
Column of Soviet tanks EC-2 on the road in East Prussia
In the summer of 1943, as part of the troops of the Voronezh Front, Yevgeny Ivanovsky took part in the Battle of Kursk and in the Battle of the Dnieper. From July of the same year he was the head of the operations department of the 2 tank corps. In September, 1943 of the year for mass heroism, which was shown by the personnel of the formation and excellent actions in the offensive, the corps received the Guards banner and became known as the 8 Guards Tank Corps.
In the summer of 1944, the corps distinguished itself again, but already during the Belorussian offensive operation, acting as part of the 2nd Tank Army of the 1st Belorussian Front. From October 1944 until the end of World War II, Yevgeny Filippovich was the commander of the 62nd Tank Regiment as part of the 8th Guards Tank Corps (before that, from July 1943 to October 1944, he was the head of the corps operations department). Successfully commanded a tank regiment during the East Prussian and subsequent East Pomeranian offensive operations of the Soviet troops. Particularly distinguished himself during the assault on the cities of Stargrad and Gdynia. After the war, the rapid storming of Gdynia by Ivanovsky's tankmen will forever be included in textbooks on military art, in particular, Dr. historical Sciences, Professor Mikhail Strelets.
During the Great Patriotic War, Yevgeny Ivanovich Ivanovich managed to take part in almost all major and iconic battles. He also managed to seriously move up the career ladder. In 24, he was already a lieutenant colonel, and in 26 years he became a colonel. He proved himself not only tactically competent and well trained, but also a brave officer. During the war years he was awarded five military orders. At the same time, the title of Hero of the Soviet Union for courage and bravery shown in the struggle against the German fascist invaders during the Great Patriotic War, Yevgeny Ivanovsky was already in peacetime - February 21 1985. When awarding, among other things, his skillful command of the troops in the post-war period was listed, as well as successes in improving their combat readiness.
Army General Yevgeny Filippovich Ivanovsky
In the postwar years during 20 years he held high positions in the Belarusian and Far Eastern military districts. In 1958, he graduated from the Military Academy of the General Staff. Since June, 1968, commanded the troops of the Moscow Military District. Since August 1955 of the year - Major General of the tank forces, since April 1962 of the year - Lieutenant-General, since October 1967 of the year - Colonel General. After the Moscow Military District, he was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany (GSVG). He held this position for 8 years and several months, setting a record that can not be beaten. Leading the GSVG, in 1972, Yevgeny Ivanovsky reached the top of his military career, at the age of 54 years he was given the rank of army general. At the same time, in the 1970-80-ies, Ivanovsky was one of the youngest army generals in the ranks of the Soviet armed forces.
GSVG was a formidable military power and was always on the edge of a possible confrontation with the NATO countries. The main task of the group of troops was to protect the western frontiers of the USSR from external threats and crush any adversary. To this end, GSVG was equipped with the most modern and sophisticated models of weapons and military equipment. The group of Soviet troops in Germany was a real testing ground for many of the newest weapons, as well as a real field academy for soldiers and commanders of the Soviet Army. In the middle of the 1980s, the group was armed with 7700 tanks, of which 5700 was in service with the 11 tank and 8 motorized rifle divisions, and about two thousand tanks were in separate (training) tank regiments, in reserve and under repair. Among the units and units of the 139 Group were Guards, 127 wore various honorary titles, and 214 were awarded orders.
GSVG belonged to the first strategic echelon (it could be attributed to covering forces). In the event of a war, the military units of the group commanded by Ivanovsky were the first to take the blow of a potential enemy, which was the NATO countries. Having held the line of the border, they had to ensure the mobilization of all the Armed Forces of the Soviet Union, as well as the armed forces of the Warsaw Pact member states.
Commander-in-Chief of the GSVG, General of the Army I. F. Ivanovsky (left), Minister of Defense of the GDR H. Hoffman, head of the GDR Erich Honecker. Berlin, October 27 1980.
GSVG always called the forge of personnel. Many future ministers of defense of the USSR and the CIS countries, chiefs of the General Staff, commanders and most of the marshals, generals and senior officers of the Soviet Union, and then Russia and the CIS countries passed through service in East Germany. In the GSVG war readiness has always been constant and checked around the clock. The fact that here was basically the most modern weapons is confirmed by the fact that on 19 November 1990 of the 4,1 thousands of tanks that were in service with the group, more than three thousand vehicles were new Soviet T-80B tanks.
Evgeny Filippovich Ivanovsky headed GSVG until November 25 1980. In December, 1980, he returned to his native Belarus, until 1985, he commanded the troops of the Belarusian Military District. From 5 February 1985 was the Commander-in-Chief of the Land Forces of the USSR, Deputy Minister of Defense of the country. Since January 4, 1989 has been part of the group of general inspectors of the USSR Ministry of Defense. He lived in Moscow. He died in the capital of 22 on November 1991 of the year at the age of 73 years, before reaching the collapse of a country that he faithfully served throughout his life. He was buried in Moscow at the Novodevichy cemetery.
According to people who knew Yevgeny Filippovich well, the main feature that defined his whole life was an all-consuming devotion to the chosen case. The general did not think of himself outside the army, he lived in her cares, grieved at failures and rejoiced at the victories and growth of her power. Today, the name of the hero is carved in gold letters in the Hall of Fame of the Victory Museum in Moscow. In Minsk, a memorial plaque in his honor was erected on the building of the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Belarus. In the cities of Vitebsk, Slutsk and Volgograd, the streets were named after Yevgeny Filippovich Ivanovsky.
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