Military Review

Artashes Geghamyan: Alternative to the Eurasian Union for the CIS countries - loss of sovereignty

Artashes Geghamyan: Alternative to the Eurasian Union for the CIS countries - loss of sovereigntyThe implementation of the idea of ​​forming the Eurasian Union, without exaggeration, can be argued, is the most important condition for the preservation of the sovereignty of the CIS countries. This is not an exaggeration. To confirm this conclusion, let us analyze what events took place in the world, especially in the region of the Greater Middle East, over the past few years.

So, 10 February 2007, the President of the Russian Federation, Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin, delivered a speech at the Munich Security Policy Conference. It happens rarely when the public speech of the head of state becomes a major political event and goes far beyond the framework of one country. Moreover, when it becomes the event of the year, moreover, when its fundamental principles predetermined the content of the foreign policy doctrine of the Russian Federation for at least the next decade. Such a definition is fully applicable to the speech of the President of Russia.

Let us recall some key points of this presentation: “for the modern world, a unipolar model is not only unacceptable but impossible at all; the entire system of law of one state, first of all, of course, the United States, has crossed its national borders in all spheres: in economics and in politics, and in the humanitarian sphere is imposed on other states; one hand is given "charitable assistance", and the other is not only conserving economic backwardness, but also is gathering profits; we have come to the crucial moment when us seriously think about the architecture of global security. " These fundamental assessments of the leader of Russia actually actualize the idea of ​​forming a new integration format in the post-Soviet space. But, I think, it makes sense to turn in some detail to those disastrous consequences for world development that are fraught with the preservation of a unipolar model of the world.

In its significance, the first destructive consequence of the unipolar world was the global financial crisis of 2008-2009. It is noteworthy that Russian economists Mikhail Khazin and Andrei Kobyakov warned about his offensive back in 2003 in the book "The Decline of the Dollar Empire and the End of Pax Americana" and also in 2006, New York University Economics Professor Nuriel Rubini. It seems that there is no need to disclose in detail all the causes of the global financial crisis, this is a topic for another analysis. However, it is indisputable that one of the main reasons was the undivided and uncontrolled monopoly of the Federal Reserve System (FRS) of the United States to issue the US dollar, which, in accordance with the Bretton Woods agreements 1944, along with gold became one of the world money.

The privileged position of the dollar as the world reserve currency was further strengthened with the transition to the modern Jamaican international monetary system. So, in the 1970-ies the Bretton Woods monetary system was reorganized. And the world moved to the Jamaican international monetary system, based on the model of free currency conversion, which is characterized by constant fluctuations in exchange rates. Other main features and principles of the Jamaican system could be: the official abolition of the gold standard and gold parities (the pegging of currencies to gold for both domestic and international operations was removed), the recorded demonetization of gold (central banks are allowed to sell and buy gold as ordinary goods at market prices) and others. This has allowed the United States 37 in recent years (meaning before the beginning of the global crisis 2008-2009) to live beyond its means, that is, to a large extent at the expense of the rest of the world.

Thus, in confirmation of this conclusion, it is enough to note that the federal budget deficit of the leading global economy, the United States, for the 2011-2012 fiscal year will amount to 1,28 trillion dollars (8,5% of GDP) versus 1,29 trillion dollars (8,9% of GDP) a year earlier. Such figures are given in the forecast of the Congressional Budget Office. At the same time, this department expects that over the next 10 years (up to 2021 year), the aggregate budget deficit figure will shrink to 3,49 trillion dollars.

According to experts, in conditions when the USA produces about 22% of global GDP, domestically they consume from 35% to 40% of world GDP. But after all, someone has to pay for this? Indeed, for this, unsecured consumption, the rest of the world, which gives the US its goods in exchange for unsecured goods and services dollars, owes it. Suffice to say that in 2011, the United States imported goods and services for 2 trillion 314 billion dollars, while exporting 1 trillion 511 billion dollars. That is, the trade deficit was in the amount of 803 billion dollars and in fact was paid for by the rest of the world. At the same time, if all countries that voluntarily “embedded” their economies in the mechanism of maintaining and ensuring the purchasing power of the dollar had the right to control the issue of the dollar, then no global financial and economic crisis would occur. At the same time, the real dollar mass would correspond to the real volume of goods and services that would be produced in the USA.

However, in the conditions of a unipolar world, when "the entire system of law ... the United States has stepped over its national borders in all spheres", the Fed "gets the right" to issue dollars that are provided by the economy of the whole world. For this purpose, the Federal Reserve System was created, functioning on the basis of the Act of December 23 of 1913 of the year. Recall that the Fed is in the possession of 12 privately owned shareholder banks, the so-called "federal" banks, and, I repeat, it was created to realize one main goal, namely, to subordinate US domestic and foreign policy to achieve the monopoly position of the US dollar in global financial system as the main global reserve currency. Currently, there is a global financial system, in which overproduction of the dollar is exclusively in the jurisdiction of the Fed, and the dollar is the only product manufactured in the United States, and the best product in the world. In terms of profitability from its implementation, it surpasses any other types of making money. It was said and written a lot about the sad consequences for the world economy that the monopoly position of the dollar in the global financial system had had, and therefore we confine ourselves to the above.

Now consider the causes of the financial and economic crisis that engulfed in 2008-2009. EU countries, in addition to those mentioned above. One of the main causes of the European crisis, it seems, lies in the loss of competitiveness of the economies of several eurozone countries, as well as in the imbalance of production and consumption, when consumption in the EU countries began to exceed the production of goods and services. This state of affairs has taken place over the course of many pre-crisis years. It should be noted that this imbalance persisted after the introduction of the single European currency and the creation of the eurozone. The circulation of the single European currency in the eurozone countries led to the fact that labor costs per unit of production, for example, in Greece and several other countries of southern Europe, increased significantly, and their growth rate outpaced the growth rate of labor productivity, which led to release of non-competitive products. This happened under conditions of a significant reduction in the discount rate of crediting. At the same time, the cheapness of loans allowed the governments of these countries to attract as much money on financial markets as was necessary to maintain high consumer demand of the population of their countries, which was not provided with relevant assets.

If earlier, before the creation of the eurozone, each state independently solved the problem of increasing the competitiveness of goods and services produced, for example, by changing the exchange rate, changing bank interest rates and other fiscal measures within one country, then in the conditions of 17 of the eurozone countries, this approach was impossible . The locomotives of the European economy, Germany and France, which initiated the transition to a single European currency, which, according to their calculations, would guarantee the sales of products manufactured in these countries in 2008-2009. faced with the fact of a significant decline in consumer demand in most EU countries. This was largely due to the fact that in the pre-crisis years, the costs of EU countries, including eurozone countries, grew steadily, outpacing the growth rate of production of goods and services. To preserve the standard of living of their citizens, the governments of the eurozone countries had to constantly borrow large financial assets. And when it became clear that it was no longer possible to borrow in the amounts that are necessary to compensate for budget deficits and payment balances, then the corresponding financial institutions began to issue European government bonds. Part of Western European banks bought these securities, but over time it became clear that the growth rate of gross domestic product in the eurozone countries is so low that it does not allow them to cover these domestic bonds-loans. This led to a significant increase in the state external debt of the European Union, which exceeded that of the United States. Thus, according to the CIA reference book, the European Union’s external debt according to 30 in June 2010 amounted to 13 trillion 720 billion dollars or 89,1% to GDP, similar to the United States, respectively 13 trillion 980 billion dollars or 92,9% to GDP.

With such a colossal state foreign debt, as well as a huge state budget deficit, it’s natural that both the US and the EU countries will do everything to shift it to the rest of the world. They will succeed in those countries where their currencies - the dollar, to a greater extent, and the euro - to a lesser extent, act as world reserve currencies. After all, it is no secret that, before the global financial crisis, the euro, however, slowly but nonetheless won the second position as the world reserve currency. Apparently, this fact was of no small importance for whipping up the European financial and economic crisis by the US financial institutions. However, this is a topic for separate analysis.

Summarizing a similar, very disappointing picture that has developed in the global financial system, you can learn some lessons. The main lesson of the global financial and economic crisis 2008-2009, I think, is that: the global financial and economic system, which operates under conditions where the main world reserve currency is the US dollar and, to a much lesser extent, the euro, will also be subject to periodic shocks in the future, and in the near future. We have the right to make such a statement, since even today the policy of the US financial authorities has not undergone significant changes after the global financial crisis, and the former monetary policy of this state, as we well remember, was the main cause of the global financial crisis.

Such a prospect for the development of a global crisis of the world economy and finance, against the background of incessant bloodshed and tensions in the Greater Middle East, dictate a new agenda for states with large developing economies, as well as for most countries of the world. The most urgent task is to ensure national security and preserve the sovereignty of each of the states, and create conditions for dynamic development. It seems that in the current circumstances, the idea of ​​forming a new integration format of the CIS member states and the formation of the Eurasian Union is of undeniable importance. That is, a confederative union of states with a single political, economic, military, customs, humanitarian, and cultural space that is supposed to be created on the basis of the union of Kazakhstan, Russia and Belarus and the corresponding sectoral close integration structures of the CIS - EurAsEC, SES, CSTO, and the Customs Union. An alternative to the idea of ​​the participation of the CIS countries in the emerging Eurasian Union is the road leading to the gradual loss of sovereignty.

Subscribe to our Telegram channel, regularly additional information about the special operation in Ukraine, a large amount of information, videos, something that does not fall on the site:

Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. tronin.maxim
    tronin.maxim 1 May 2012 06: 15
    Very correct article! The Eurasian Union is vital. This will give economic stability, the sovereignty of the countries of the community and the main calm of citizens. The reality today is that the world survives strong, otherwise it will become, at best, a raw materials appendage of the United States, whose gluttony has no borders!
    1. Winter
      Winter 1 May 2012 08: 06
      There is not much time left for discussion, as it seems! Most likely in a year we won’t recognize the world we lived in. Sadly, we will have to say goodbye to the twentieth century!
      1. Churchill
        Churchill 1 May 2012 09: 17
        If you recall the story, the 19th century was destroyed by the first volleys of 1914! The analogy suggests itself!
        1. Sergh
          Sergh 1 May 2012 10: 37
          Yes, here is a fresh dock. movie, good viewing! There are 4 parts. I remember everything yesterday, word-for-word is all true, God forbid!
          We will succeed!
          1. Sergh
            Sergh 1 May 2012 11: 14
            Quote: Sergh
            Yes, here is a fresh dock. movie, good viewing! There are 4 parts.

            I beg your pardon, I ran in:

    2. Redpartyzan
      Redpartyzan 1 May 2012 09: 28
      After reading the article, the question of the advisability of storing the reserve fund in dollar terms becomes even more incomprehensible! What for? We just toss firewood into the firebox of the world’s depressing dollar system.
      1. Alexander Romanov
        Alexander Romanov 1 May 2012 09: 59
        Equivalent is calculated in dollars, but dollar stocks themselves are significantly reduced.
        1. admiral
          admiral 1 May 2012 10: 10
          You need to buy gold, gold! While there is no hype and prices are acceptable.
          1. escobar
            escobar 1 May 2012 11: 09
            And it’s better to buy up land and spend greenfund on the return of powerful enterprises to the bosom of the state.
          2. El13
            El13 1 May 2012 11: 31
            Quote: Admiral
            You need to buy gold, gold! While there is no hype and prices are acceptable

            This is done ...
            1. marshes
              marshes 1 May 2012 12: 10
              In addition to gold, it is not bad to restore agriculture, while the "paper" is worth something. Gold is not something we will buy, but we will buy food for metal stupidity.
              1. El13
                El13 1 May 2012 16: 12
                Quote: marshes
                ... not bad and restore agriculture ...

                And this is done ... I look around and quietly rejoice, they do not raise noise and what they need to do, one question ... will we have time?
                1. marshes
                  marshes 1 May 2012 16: 43
                  Why look around?
                  It’s necessary to work! They sowed the harvest in the autumn, realized it, the state owed it to the peasants and shepherds, in difficult years they fed the people
                  After all, people engaged in this work were not held in high esteem among the urban population.
                  At the expense of time, let’s succeed, some who will die for a long time.
                  Now China is already starting to invest in agriculture. Tajikistan, is investing in fertile irrigated land.
                  God told you Russians! We Kazakhstanis have not big problems with this, with watering.
          3. Gocha kurashvili
            Gocha kurashvili 1 May 2012 12: 36
            We need to increase the rate of armament. Arm potential allies. Redhead will be taken away if there is nothing to answer in the teeth.
          4. Ross
            Ross 3 May 2012 22: 57
            Here are the guys from the Fed and buy gold. And what they cannot buy on their own paper, they simply withdraw. Through such "guys" like Hitler.
  2. Odinplys
    Odinplys 1 May 2012 06: 58
    The whole system of law of one state, primarily, of course, the United States, has stepped over its national borders in all spheres: in the economy, and in politics, and in the humanitarian sphere is imposed on other states; "charitable aid" is distributed with one hand, while the other not only conserves economic backwardness, but also collects profits; we have come to a turning point when we must seriously think about the entire architecture of global security "

    And yet it would be more correct to say ... The whole system of law of fascist Zionism ...
    So the people of the United States ... is an instrument ... of Nazi Zionism ... It's time to even name their names out loud ...
    1. nokki
      nokki 1 May 2012 08: 06
      Fascists are "side-by-side". Freemasonry and Zionism are the main enemies of the Russian people. Fascism is camouflage. Translation of arrows. We must look into the essence!
      1. admiral
        admiral 1 May 2012 10: 12
        We have all this evil spirits called in one word - liberals! The fifth column, the fifth wheel in the cart, the fifth leg of the dog and 22 toes!
      2. sichevik
        sichevik 1 May 2012 12: 50
        In my opinion, Freemasonry and Zionism gave rise to fascism.
  3. sergo0000
    sergo0000 1 May 2012 08: 24
    The article is about the loss of sovereignty, in finding countries in the Customs Union! But personally, I don’t think that following common economic rules will greatly affect their independence. Take the same EU, the currency is the same, each country has its own laws! It’s easier to resist threats together! Europe understood this, unlike us for a long time. Although it is not known who needs this more, we or the republics!
    1. Odinplys
      Odinplys 1 May 2012 11: 09
      Quote: sergo0000
      ours! Together it’s easier to resist threats! Europe understood this, unlike us for a long time. Although it is not known who needs this more, we or the republics!

      Of course, the Republics need this more ... it's time to throw off unnecessary ambitions ... trying to bargain for Russia great benefits ...
      Our strength is in Oneness with Russia ... to develop uniform laws .... introduce the Russian ruble on the territory of the customs union ... And of course, Russia should be at the head of the Union ... and I don’t understand what is shameful here ...
      Or we together ... or each individually torn ... Zionist jackals ... which by the way Russia is not threatened ... if there are worthy leaders ... and nuclear weapons ...
      1. sergo0000
        sergo0000 1 May 2012 18: 32
        That's right, only from this infection that you are talking about, nuclear weapons are useless! angry
  4. Ascetic
    Ascetic 1 May 2012 08: 58
    Russia is already in the Customs Union with Kazakhstan and Belarus, and has also been trying for a long time to include Ukraine in the common economic space
    At the recent EurAsEC summit in Moscow, countries belonging to the Customs Union, as well as other Central Asian states agreed to complete the work on the proposed Eurasian Union treaty by 2015
    Against the background of the completion of the expansion of Euro-Atlantic institutions to the East and the priority attitude of China to Southeast Asia, Russia feels that it has the opportunity to consolidate the "new" Eurasia.
    “Instead of“ dividing ”the territory of the former Soviet Union into European and Asian“ spheres of influence ”, Russia can once again rise in the world arena as a power, creating a new bloc of states that can become a counterbalance to the European Union in the West, as well as Asia under the leadership of China - in the East "

    Nicholas Gvozdev article "The New Russian Empire"
    The regional economic order led by Russia will make the ruble a regional currency, and the Russian language will actually remain the language of business in the region, allowing greater horizontal and vertical integration, especially between Russian, Kazakh, Ukrainian and Belarusian firms

    “The implementation of the idea of ​​the Eurasian Union is the main point of Putin’s plan to unite the attempts of the former Soviet republics to strengthen Russia's position in geopolitical competition with the United States, the EU and China. The appointment of the deadline for the creation of the Eurasian Union in 2015 is probably due to Moscow’s confidence that by that time the United States will again turn its attention to Eurasia, since then Washington will already be freed from its obligations on Iraq and significantly reduce the number of forces in Afghanistan, and a series of color revolutions in the Arab world will already pass.
    Therefore, by 2015, Washington will have the military and diplomatic capabilities in order to turn its attention to the Eurasian region. In addition, by that time, the US in Central Europe will have ready missile defense bases. ”

    Therefore, it seems that Putin is interested in presenting the fait accompli to the world: while Europe is busy with its own economic problems, the United States remains embroiled in conflicts in the Middle East, and China is focused on internal transformation, it will implement its plan to create the Eurasian Union,
    But everything is not so simple. Many Eurasian countries want closer relations with Russia and would be interested in the benefits that the Russian Federation can offer. In particular, this is inexpensive energy and the ability to "export" their surplus labor to Russia - in order to reduce stress at home, and to benefit from a constant stream of remittances. But at the same time Russia's neighbors are not eager to part with sovereignty.
    Although President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko continues to depend heavily on Russia, this does not diminish his enthusiasm for promoting structures within the Eurasian Union that would firmly defend national sovereignty. The Eurosceptics from the neighboring European Union were given a lot of reasons for him and other Eurasian leaders: the weak countries of the region cannot solve many economic problems, because they do not have their own currency and cannot fully regulate monetary policy.
    Lukashenko’s Eurasian skepticism is tacitly shared by other leaders in the region. They are ready to make certain concessions to Russia, but not ready to give up so hard-won independence. From my side, Russia does not want to become the Eurasian equivalent of Germany - a regional checkbook, which is the guarantor of the integration process and pays the bills of smaller states.
    Therefore, while Putin has done only the easiest part of the matter: he expressed his desire to create a Eurasian Union. However, achieving the result can be a much more difficult task than he expected. Moreover, according to many experts, integration in Eurasia is in principle more difficult than in Europe: fears are too great about the revival of the USSR with the hegemony of Moscow. This is the main "trick" or stereotype by which opponents of the revival of the integration of post-Soviet countries and the transformation of Russia are beating hard.
    first a leading regional power, and then through the common Eurases market to one of the world centers of power along with the USA, China and the EU
    1. sergo0000
      sergo0000 1 May 2012 09: 21
      Thank you Stanislav! Very useful information!
    2. Churchill
      Churchill 1 May 2012 09: 24
      The main thing is to unite Russia, Kazakhstan, Belarus and Ukraine, while the rest so far will only interfere.
      1. Odinplys
        Odinplys 1 May 2012 11: 15
        Quote: Churchill
        The main thing is to unite Russia, Kazakhstan, Belarus and Ukraine, while the rest so far will only interfere.

        At this stage, yes .... but pulling everything ... where do they go from a submarine ...
      2. alatau_09
        alatau_09 1 May 2012 11: 57
        The article is sober, "black and white", without shadows as well as the choice itself "either-or", without "and" ...
        In the event of an error - "History will judge" - it will not work ..., For some, it simply "will not be" ...

        economic - yes, geopolitical - no ...

        There are enough "submarines", there are also China, Turkey, the Americans through their puppets like the Saud and others - evil is many-sided ...

        The visit of the President of the PRC to Poland is very indicative, draw conclusions ...

        As for the Union under construction, no matter what abbreviation it is, each state should be stingy with something for the sake of a larger and more future one, otherwise none of them will survive alone, there will simply be agony, short or long in time ...

        All not shy of the concept - COMRADE, congratulations on the May Holidays!
        We will! drinks
        1. marshes
          marshes 1 May 2012 12: 15
          I accidentally saw somewhere remittances from Russia to Kazakhstan and vice versa, for 2011.
          From Russia, somewhere around 0,5 billion.
          From Kazakhstan to Russia 0.9 billion.
          1. warrior
            warrior 1 May 2012 12: 51
            Your information is not very accurate. Here are the statistics of the RF PER. If the trade turnover of the Russian Federation with Kazakhstan in 2010 was 7.5 billion US dollars, then most likely it cannot fall to one and a half billion in 2011.

            Foreign trade of the Republic of Kazakhstan with the Russian Federation in January-June 2010
            In January-June 2010, Kazakhstan’s foreign economic relations developed against the backdrop of a recovery in the global economy, higher world prices for Kazakhstani export products and an increase in industrial production of the republic, which positively affected the volume of export, import and commodity circulation of the republic.

            According to the Customs Control Committee of the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Kazakhstan, according to the results of the first half of 2010, the foreign trade turnover of Kazakhstan with Russia amounted to 7758,8 million US dollars and increased by 41,2% compared to the same period last year. Kazakhstani exports to Russia increased significantly to a volume of $ 2704,3 million (an increase of 77,7%), imports amounted to $ 5054,5 million (an increase of 27,2%). The trade balance is negative.

            Commodity turnover of the Republic of Kazakhstan with the Russian Federation (January - June 2010)

            million US dollars
            November 2007, XNUMX

            January June
            November 2008, XNUMX

            January June
            November 2009, XNUMX

            January June
            November 2010, XNUMX

            January June
            November 2010, XNUMX

            by 2009 in%
            Specific gravity in%

            November 2007, XNUMX
            November 2008, XNUMX
            November 2009, XNUMX
            November 2010, XNUMX





            It should be noted that, despite the increasing competition and expansion of the geography of foreign trade of Kazakhstan, Russia continues to maintain its position as the main trading partner of Kazakhstan.

            Russia ranks first among the countries of the world in the total turnover of Kazakhstan (18,2%), first place (39,0%) among the exporting countries to Kazakhstan and third place (9,1%) among the importing countries of Kazakhstan products after China (16,0%) and Italy (15,1%).

            The share of Russia in the total turnover of Kazakhstan in January-June 2010 compared with January-June 2009 increased by 0,1 percentage points and amounted to 18,2%.

            However, it should be noted that over the past 6 years there has been a certain decrease in the share of Russia in the total volume of Kazakhstan's foreign trade from 24,8% in January-June 2004 to 18,2% in January-June 2010, which, first of all, in the opinion of the Trade Representation, it is explained by the insufficiently high activity of Russian business on the Kazakhstani market, yielding its traditional product niches, primarily to Chinese business.

            In the reporting period, there was a sharp increase in exports to Russia and imports from Russia, which is associated both with rising prices for Kazakhstani export goods and with an increase in their physical volumes.

            The bulk of Kazakhstan's exports to Russia in January-June 2010 in value terms continues to be raw materials, as well as metals and metal products.

            The share of mineral products in Kazakhstan's exports to Russia amounted to 54,0%, metals and products from them - 22,2%.

            Other basic positions include products of the chemical and related industries - 16,8%, machinery, equipment, vehicles, instruments and apparatus - 3,2%, animal and vegetable products, food products - 1,6%.

            In the first half of this year, the share of exports of mineral products to Russia in Kazakhstan's total exports of mineral products amounted to 6,4%, metals and metal products - 16,1%, cars and vehicles - 31,3%, animal and vegetable products - 4,9%.

            In value terms, the most significant part of Kazakhstani exports to Russia in January-June 2010 was occupied by such products as: inorganic chemistry products - 437,2 million US dollars, iron ores and concentrates - 424,6 million US dollars, gas condensate - 300,1 million US dollars, coal - 283,3 million US dollars, flat iron products - 251,0 million US dollars, aluminum oxide - 198,1 million US dollars, natural gas - 134,7 million US dollars.

            The highest growth rates in Kazakhstan's export to Russia in value terms in January-June 2010 compared to January-June 2009 were shown by such products as: unprocessed lead - 15 times, copper waste and scrap - 606,5%, rice - 604,6 , 239,6%, ferrous metal products - 237,1%, iron ores and concentrates - 227,9%, chromium ores and concentrates - 214,3%, gas condensate - 215,8%, flat-rolled products from iron - XNUMX %

            In the structure of Kazakhstani imports from Russia, the main share falls on mineral products - 36,4%, machinery, equipment, vehicles, devices and apparatus - 16,8%, metals and products from them - 15,8%, animal and vegetable products , food products - 10,0%, products of the chemical and related industries - 10,9%.

            In the first half of this year, the share of imports from Russia of mineral products in Kazakhstan's total imports of mineral products amounted to 88,2%, metals and products from them - 46,8%, cars and vehicles - 17,9%, animal and vegetable products - 37,9%.

            According to the valuation, the most significant part in Russian exports to the Republic of Kazakhstan in January-June 2010 was occupied by such goods as: oil and gas condensate - $ 1186,1 million, oil products from bitumen materials - $ 299,5 million. US, gasoline - 152,5 million US dollars, rods of iron - 140,6 million US dollars, pipes from ferrous metals - 122,5 million US dollars, diesel fuel - 82,5 million US dollars , coke and semi-coke - 68,8 million US dollars, natural gas - 64,2 million US dollars, products from ferrous metals for railway and tram tracks - 50,8 million US dollars.

            The highest growth rates in Kazakhstani imports from Russia in value terms in the reporting period compared to January-June 2009 were shown by such products as: cane or beet sugar - 187 times (since April 1, 2010, a ban on quantitative restrictions on import was lifted in Kazakhstan white sugar in the framework of the Decree of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated August 6, 2009 No. 1186 “On the introduction of quantitative restrictions on the import of certain types of goods”), ferrous metal products for railway and tram tracks - 286,0%, screws, bolts - 215,1 , 205,8%, coke and semi-coke - 203,8%, oil and gas condensate - 188,8%, bottles, bottles - 176,1%, aluminum products - 167,5%, conductors, cables - XNUMX%.

            As a result of a significant excess of import growth over export, the negative balance of trade balance between Kazakhstan and Russia remains. So, if in January-June 2004 this indicator was equal to minus 814,8 million dollars, in January-June 2005 - minus 1334,0 million dollars, in January-June 2006 - minus 1994,2 million US dollars, in January-June 2007 - minus 2981,8 million US dollars, in January-June 2008 - minus 3473,6 million US dollars, then in January-June 2009 - minus 2450,6 , $ 2010 million, in January-June 2350,2 - minus $ 2009 million. A decrease in the absolute value of the balance for 2010-XNUMX indicates a higher growth rate of exports compared with the growth rate of imports.

            Official statistics for January-June 2010 indicate an increase in economic activity in all sectors of the economy, with the exception of the financial sector and construction, which continue to experience difficulties.

            In terms of GDP growth for the first half of 2010, Kazakhstan became the leader among the CIS countries.

            At a meeting of the Government of the republic on July 27, 2010, dedicated to the results of the country's socio-economic development in the first half of the current year, the results of the first half of the year were announced, in particular, inflation amounted to 4,4% (3,9% for the same period last year), GDP growth - 8,0%. By the end of the year, the Government of the republic forecasts GDP growth at 4,0%, and inflation at 6,8%.

            In his speech, Minister of Economic Development and Trade of the Republic of Kazakhstan Zh.S. Aytzhanova, assessing the state of the economy of the republic, said that "the results of the first half of the year allow us to talk about the exit of the economy of Kazakhstan on the growth path."
            1. marshes
              marshes 1 May 2012 12: 55
              I wrote about money transfers of individuals, according to Russia.
              1. warrior
                warrior 1 May 2012 13: 01
                Sorry, I did not understand this from your text. Here is the export scheme of Kazakhstan according to their official sources.
              2. warrior
                warrior 1 May 2012 13: 22
                I apologize, I did not understand that some translations of private individuals. Below are the statistics of export of Kazakhstan.
                According to the customs statistics of Kazakhstan, 10 major countries of buyers of Kazakhstani products in 2011

                $ 14,7 billion

                $ 13,8 billion

                6,6 billion $

                $ 6,0 billion

                $ 2,3 billion

                $ 2.4 billion

                $ 2,6 billion

                $ 3,6 billion

                $ 4,3 billion

                $ 4,5 billion

                Trade Policy Development Center JSC
  5. Tersky
    Tersky 1 May 2012 09: 27
    Good afternoon, Stanislav! Well, firstly, on May Day! Secondly, thanks for the comment. Everything fell into place.
    Quote: Ascetic
    the fears of the revival of the USSR with the hegemony of Moscow are too great. This is the main "trick" or stereotype by which opponents of the revival of the integration of post-Soviet countries and the transformation of Russia are beating hard.
    This is what really is the stumbling block in the creation of the union.
    1. admiral
      admiral 1 May 2012 10: 16
      It is necessary to transfer the capital somewhere to Vyatka and terrible slogans will immediately fade! In order to nightmare people with Vyatka's hegemony, it will take about 20 years, and during this time you can recreate the Empire!
      1. Marat
        Marat 1 May 2012 11: 02
        So Nazarbayev proposed to locate the supranational bureaucratic structures of the Eurasian Union in Astana. What are the advantages - I think - Firstly, the enemies will not be able to carry on propaganda about the "new Kremlin empire" - since Kazakhstan has acquired the image of a completely peaceful country.
        Secondly, the flight time of the Kyrgyz Republic is longer - from the border further - and from the Moscow orange liberals - the government will be much safer from all the instruments of "democracy"
        1. El13
          El13 1 May 2012 11: 39
          The idea is not bad, but Moscow will never agree to this, a more real alternative is the capital in Siberia, from scratch.
          1. alatau_09
            alatau_09 1 May 2012 12: 10
            the issue has been resolved long ago:
            the judiciary in Minsk, economic - Astana, political - Moscow.
            1- fair;
            2 - safe;
            3 - the main thing - a mosquito nose will not tarnish!
            1. olegyurjewitch
              olegyurjewitch 1 May 2012 14: 26
              Quote: alatau_09
              political - Moscow.

              With our tolerance? I’m lagging around however.
            2. El13
              El13 1 May 2012 16: 17
              Here in Peter and then the COP to transport the whole problem was, it is within the same state ... such a howl was raised. And here it is so stretched in space that is already concentrated ... not real, you need a very tough will, but you need an objective one besides it, which is not there, except for hypothetical justice and security (whatever you say, but there is no immediate danger - no one will rock ) The idea is very good, especially since Nazarbayev has already been implemented (well done, what can I say), but I do not believe in its implementation ... unfortunately.
  6. PSih2097
    PSih2097 1 May 2012 09: 55
    in my opinion, you need to move away from pieces of paper (dollar and euro), which already cost nothing (up to 10%, and then 89% and 92%) and switch to the gold (or any analogue) standard and only after that organize an alliance,
  7. Ridder
    Ridder 1 May 2012 11: 07
    Well, in principle, this has long been known. It is enough to look at events in the CIS countries: Kazakhstan; recent unrest in Zhanaozen, then throughout Kazakhstan there was no power outage; she was afraid of widening unrest. The future of Kazakhstan is still vague, Nazarbayev, Nursultan Abishevich is located between Moscow, Beijing and Washington, and can’t choose anyone more accurately (whoever gives the most money will be his friend). And in the rest of the CIS countries is not better. We need to drop all prejudices, insults. And create the One and Indestructible State of Russia (RUSSIA), either an association or Death !!!
    1. marshes
      marshes 1 May 2012 12: 21
      RidderThe future of Kazakhstan is still foggy
      For the people, yes, for the authorities, no, we like to do everything "quietly".
      1. Ridder
        Ridder 1 May 2012 13: 36
        Yes, I myself was born in Kazakhstan in East Kazakhstan city RIDDER as well as you know the whole situation in the country.
        1. marshes
          marshes 1 May 2012 14: 09
          I know.
          You probably know that there are a lot of "Muscovites" in power, people who graduated from Russian (Soviet) universities.
          Look at the composition of directors of which Russian enterprises.
          Look at our Constitution - who is the second person in the state. In one of the posts I expressed my opinion ... So you do not worry! Everything will be as it should, we are friends with the head.
          The flight from Kazakhstan of part of the population is not caused by trust and fear, but I assure that some of those who left are returning. Example: the small business I work for, six Russian citizens, were accepted at the request of their father's colleagues (sons and daughters) - according to BLAT! yes
    2. olegyurjewitch
      olegyurjewitch 1 May 2012 14: 31
      Quote: Ridder
      The future of Kazakhstan is still foggy

      Nothing is foggy. So far, Kazakhstan is the most reliable ally and partner of Russia from the entire post-Soviet space, and it doesn’t make money from us.
  8. warrior
    warrior 1 May 2012 12: 04
    I do not quite understand why Belarus is considered part of the Eurasian Union, when it is essentially an appendage of the EU. For 2011-2013 Belarus will receive a billion dollars a year from Russia, the so-called. anti-crisis fund of the Eurasian Economic Community. The export of Belarus to the European Union increased from 6 beats. euro in 2010 by 12 beat. Euro in 2011. With that trend until the year 13, the main trading partner of Belarus will not be Russia and the UIS but the EU.
    1. Gocha kurashvili
      Gocha kurashvili 1 May 2012 12: 45
      So it was millennia, I do not think that something will change in a year!
    2. marshes
      marshes 1 May 2012 13: 00
      From the creation of the Customs Union, Belarus has benefited the most. Over 3 years, it increased exports to Kazakhstan by 15%, and to Russia by 20%. The share of Russian goods on the Belarusian market, on the contrary, decreased by 1,5%. These figures were published by the Eurasian Economic Commission. Exports of the countries of the Customs Union beyond its borders grew by a third, but the share of commodities in it also increased

      Read in full:
  9. Cadet787
    Cadet787 1 May 2012 12: 47
    To date, the independent CIS countries, if they want to be such, have no other alternative than to become members of the Eurasian Union. Analyzing the latest events in the world, the Arab spring, the threat of intervention in Syria, Iran, and even the events in Ukraine are clearly visible to someone’s ears, Mr. Yanukovych needs to run to Moscow and persuade him to take. To all the leaders of the CIS countries and not only, stop the parade of sovereignty, otherwise you will wake up one day and don’t know where you are. To survive in the conditions of Western expansion, you need to unite in the Eurasian Union. In unity is our strength. And whoever does not understand this will lead his peoples into slavery.
    1. marshes
      marshes 1 May 2012 13: 08
      It remains the case with Ukraine, while some industry exists, otherwise there is not enough money for everyone to restore. The old man kept it.
      But what about my southern neighbors, I have a question?
  10. Oleg0705
    Oleg0705 1 May 2012 13: 03
    Congratulate with the May 1st!
    Day of smiles and spring!
    May they always bring happiness
    The singing of birds and all the flowers!

    May the lilac be fragrant
    Under your window always
    It reminds of spring
    Holiday of Peace and Labor!
  11. Oleg0705
    Oleg0705 1 May 2012 13: 04
    Congratulate with the May 1st!
    Day of smiles and spring!
    May they always bring happiness
    The singing of birds and all the flowers!

    May the lilac be fragrant
    Under your window always
    It reminds of spring
    Holiday of Peace and Labor!
  12. Kievan
    Kievan 1 May 2012 13: 23
    An alternative to the idea of ​​CIS countries participating in the emerging Eurasian Union is the road leading to a gradual loss of sovereignty.

    Yeah, the member states of the EAC do not transfer their sovereignty to the national authority with the decisive vote of the Russian Federation and this, of course, is not a loss of sovereignty. The author clearly considers everyone but himself as idiots who are not able to add two plus two and therefore writes three. They have spies, we have scouts ...
    Quote: Ascetic
    fears are too great about the revival of the USSR with the hegemony of Moscow.

    The fears are too great that this is just a screen for the purchase by the oligarchs of the Russian Federation of tasty property in the CIS.
    It is too obvious that lifelong presidents will not transfer their power to Moscow, then why all these dances with a tambourine.
    No sane right system in the CIS, which could regulate and judge disputes both between countries and between companies - no. So there is no common foundation.
    EAC is now like a running model of a tank with a turret covered with tarpaulin, and there may be anything and a new Armata platform and an empty tank tower that no one was planning to build.
    1. warrior
      warrior 1 May 2012 13: 40
      You are completely right. This is either a speculative undertaking or a political one. It is far from the economy. Look at the Kazakhstan export plate for 2011, which I posted above. The main export of Kazakhstan to China, EU countries and related countries is Switzerland and Turkey. As they say in Bulgaria - friendship is friendship and cheese costs money.
      1. marshes
        marshes 1 May 2012 14: 13
        And what can Bulgaria offer Kazakhstan? Oil pumping?
        Here the Romanians are glad that we are slowly buying them up.
        1. warrior
          warrior 1 May 2012 14: 27
          Here is the statistics of the Kazakh-Bulgarian export / import
          Bulgaria's export - medicines and equipment - medical, lifting, etc.
          1. marshes
            marshes 1 May 2012 14: 47
            So the question is, the trade is on. Of course, the volumes are small. Here, build a nuclear power plant, uranium from Kazakhstan will probably be in the assemblies.
            How is the Burgas-Alexandropulis pipeline? Oil will probably go from the Caspian, so the Ust Luga was filled with oil, and the Poles were worried.
            Do you seem to have visa-free entry with us?
            True, I prefer Goa or OEA in the winter I go, in the summer I prefer to OR.
            May Day celebrate? Then Happy Holiday!
            1. warrior
              warrior 1 May 2012 16: 02
              Happy holiday. Volumes are nothing but will grow. It is unlikely that they will build a new nuclear power plant, but they started to design a new one - the one that Rosatom had ordered. At the expense of uranium - in Bulgaria there are many uranium finds. While they are canned, but we'll see how things go. The Burgas-Alexondrupolis pipeline is likely to be on. It passes through the tourist zone of the Black Sea region and the reserve zone, and even through land and especially grapes. These industries are already working well and people are protesting, eco-disasters are feared. So come to us, it’s not dirty, which is why we are so rich and happy.
              1. marshes
                marshes 1 May 2012 16: 22
                The question is, how much money to take with you? When is it better to go, are there any excursions along the sea?
                1. warrior
                  warrior 1 May 2012 16: 57
                  Some kind of ... fuck from the Bulgarian Ministry of Economy raised visa prices from 35 to 57 euros for adults and from 0 to 22 euros for children. This also applies to Russia and Kazakhstan. In other EU countries, visa prices are 35 euros per adult. For the rest, look here
                  There are many different tours, including wine, archaeological, spa, and what may come to mind. Especially fashionable for the Russians - they come on a feribot with their cars and then disperse around the country. Not expensive, and the country is small, here you are not Kazakhstan. laughing
                  1. marshes
                    marshes 1 May 2012 17: 19
                    In Kazakhstan, prices come out more expensive than a week off, the second in Turkey.
                    Last year, I ordered tickets to my local resort for my parents, and they will go in July. No wink
                    The cost of about 3000 raccoons killed (90% of our dollars), two weeks.
                    1. warrior
                      warrior 1 May 2012 17: 31
                      It depends on what you are used to. It is possible at these prices, although mostly lower.
                      1. marshes
                        marshes 1 May 2012 18: 00
                        You see, our service is not high, everything can be said to be new!
                        The loans that our businessmen take, they are at a large percentage and short, but you need to repay the money.
                        The interest is 11-15 in dollars or 20-24 in tenge, now it is also possible in yuan.
                      2. warrior
                        warrior 1 May 2012 18: 27
                        In yuan, do not try. Our in yuan do not understand, not so advanced. They will see, they can also call the police, they say, distributes fake money. laughing
                      3. marshes
                        marshes 1 May 2012 19: 00
                        Yuan is probably your future, I don’t know in what currency your European businessmen are credited in China?
                      4. warrior
                        warrior 1 May 2012 19: 25
                        Most likely they accept Euro. Here are the statistics in short:
                        EU goods exports to China 2011: € 136.2 billion (+ 20% on 2010)
                        EU goods imports from China 2011: € 292.1 billion (+ 3% on 2010)
                        Trade in services
                        EU services exports to China 2010: € 20.2 billion
                        EU services imports from China 2010: € 16.3 billion
                        Foreign direct investment
                        EU inward investment to China 2010: € 4.9 billion
                        China inward investment to EU 2010: € 0.9 billion
                        If you want to see in more detail the structure of the EU trade, incl. China, here -
                        Let's hope that this is not our future. Let's see how Marx’s PDA understands. And I don’t like the Uyghur problem in any way. All the same, Ugurs are relatives to us, albeit distant.
    2. Cadet787
      Cadet787 1 May 2012 15: 03
      EU countries also delegated part of their sovereignty to supranational bodies, well, the principles of relations in the Eurasian Union will still have to be worked out jointly.
      1. warrior
        warrior 1 May 2012 15: 46
        Dear, I ask you not to explain to others what you yourself do not understand. The EU is an excitement friendship. The creation contract is an agreement from Lisboa. The EU has an executive director - the chairman of the euro commissions. The board of directors is the council of prime ministers of 27 countries. And the general meeting of shareholders is the European Parliament. There is no delegation of sovereignty. What is agreed will become EU law. If someone does not fulfill the agreed - they’ll draw it up. That's all.
  13. taseka
    taseka 1 May 2012 14: 00
    It’s easy to break one arrow, but the beam is impossible!
  14. kasper
    kasper 1 May 2012 14: 47
    The Union is necessary for the further development of the CIS countries.
  15. Victor
    Victor 1 May 2012 14: 50
    There is no alternative to the confederal structure of the post-Soviet space. What Stalin laid down in the form of cooperation of various industries in the territories of the union republics now plays into the hands of strengthening the Eurasian Economic Union. Under the USSR, cooperation in the types of production in industry and agriculture reached 95%. An example of this is the development of light industry in the Ivanovo region, when textile industries were loaded with tolling raw materials (cotton) from the republics of Central Asia (mainly Uzbekistan and Tajikistan). It is this principle that today pushes the countries of the post-Soviet space towards each other, even if their leadership often does not really want it. The economy is tough and objective. The understanding that the wrapper-dollar is an element of siphoning off real goods and resources from dollar-dependent countries is increasingly being realized even by die-hard leaders of ersatz-independent states. Entering EuroZes is a real opportunity to conduct balanced trade, without jumping out of the "pants" of its own GDP, slowly, but really stimulating its own economy, honestly. And the Fed, with its emissions of dollars, for underdeveloped economies, is tantamount to another dose for a drug addict. Temporarily prettier, and then again "breaking" and the search for a new dose, with retribution through the real product of its own economy. Let independent princes and bai think. It is up to them to decide whether to live and get rich, or die under dollar buzz.
  16. marshes
    marshes 1 May 2012 15: 15
    Question: I'm a new person, please explain what gray epaulettes mean?
    1. Churchill
      Churchill 1 May 2012 16: 07
      Quote: marshes

      Question: I'm a new person, please explain what gray epaulettes mean?

      Liberal! ... and so on ...
    2. Marat
      Marat 1 May 2012 16: 07
      Hello Bolot! As I understand it, when the comments are minus, then the rating falls - when it goes into minus - then the shoulder straps turn gray - with an increase in negative points, the "career is reversed" begins - you can grow to skulls with crosses, etc.
      T e gray epaulets mean that most of the comments of this author are minus. Given the generally correct - patriotic attitude of most visitors - as a rule - gray epaulettes most often mean liberals, proponents, Freemasons, frank Natsiks, fascists, democrats and other destructive and hostile elements
      1. marshes
        marshes 1 May 2012 16: 18
        Thank you Marat, and Churchill for the explanation.
        Happy May 1!
      2. warrior
        warrior 1 May 2012 16: 41
        At the expense of chasing - for fun - creatively invented. And if all through, only shoulder straps were given to me - shoulder straps of a reserve officer of the Bulgarian army. All other "shoulder straps" site moderators can put themselves .. well, you understand.
        1. marshes
          marshes 1 May 2012 17: 02
          My first shoulder straps were that Mom sewed on a green shirt. wink
          And the real ones were when I went to the local Suvorov school, and then the others were ...
          1. warrior
            warrior 1 May 2012 17: 22
            Wow. Although I started badly. At the beginning of 80, the uniform of one of the grandmother's brothers was put on as a boy. The uniform was the ceremonial lieutenant of the cavalry guards of EV Boris III. So in a uniform went to neighbors to dance. I noticed the party secretary of the district and off. Almost forced to pass the museum. Mom reprimanded at work, they deprived me of desserts for a week. At school, prevention was carried out. They sent a pioneer leader to clarify the anti-communist sins of the Bulgarian tsarist army. Although the pioneer leader was so, wow. wink
            1. marshes
              marshes 1 May 2012 17: 40
              About shoulder straps, my great-grandfather was a strange Cossack, although he was a Muslim. There were truth people who remembered this and remembered them in their 30s, but my grandfather fought and was commissified, in 1942 he lost his right kidney near Minsk.
              So I, KAZAKH, are from a family of regular military personnel.
              1. warrior
                warrior 1 May 2012 18: 23
                So it was in vain that I spread about wine tours.
                I don't see anything strange. Once I took away a strange order from an amateur. Then they found out that this is the St. George "cross" for the muesulman. And in the war of 1878, when Russian troops came to Bulgaria, some of them went to the mosque to pray, which surprised the Orthodox Bulgarians a lot. Yes prodedov and communists, this is a saga. Apparently, we, the gold diggers, agreed. I have the honor! yes
                1. marshes
                  marshes 1 May 2012 18: 35
                  Wine tours!
                  At the expense of Islam, I am Soviet, and father and grandfathers.
                  I was in the Mosque once in my life, and then after the hospital ...
                  And in Almaty I live. There are probably more Churches in the city than Mosques, probably the Kazakhs are the most tolerant people, in difficult times they accepted a lot of people, of course there are "" -fixes.
                  I have the honor!
                  1. marshes
                    marshes 1 May 2012 18: 47
                    Gubaidulla Genghis Khan (Sultan Haji Gubaidulla Dzhanger-oglu Prince Genghis Khan) (May 6, 1840, Khan Headquarters, Bukeevskaya Horde - February 28, 1909, Yalta) - military leader of the Russian army, son of the khan of the Bukeev horde Zhangir, grandson of Bukei-khan, ching. Ethnic Kazakh. Member of the Russian-Turkish war of 1877-1878. The founder of the Russian communications troops. General of the cavalry.
                    “General-Prince Genghis Khan,” as they called him in the Russian imperial encirclement, was the head of the telegraphs of the Army, and served as head of the telegraph department of the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs. Then he headed the department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs on the issues of the Kazakh (then Kyrgyz) people and was the emperor’s personal adviser on Asian issues [1] [2]. Gubaidulla Zhangirov was directly involved in drafting a regulation on elections to the first State Duma of Russia. According to this provision, the Kazakhs for the first time received the right to elect representatives of their people into it.
                    In the last year of his life, his wife was a hereditary noblewoman, actress Theodosia Velinskaya (1858–1931) (two months after her husband’s death she received the name Genghis Khan), the famous first performer of the Snegurochka party in the opera Snegurochka by N. A. Rimsky-Korsakova.
                    In the Moscow Kremlin, a surname is carved on the white marble wall in the St. George Hall.
                    He was buried in the Muslim cemetery "Derikoy" near Yalta.
                    This is due to the service of the Kazakhs in the sovereign service, and then some began to forget some.
                  2. warrior
                    warrior 1 May 2012 18: 50
                    Do not be angry with you. There is nothing wrong with Islam, mosques and the Koran. I myself am Orthodox, but at school, the Qur'an passed. Of course, I will not agitate you, but I myself believe that entering the temples and reading the Holy books is a good thing.
                    We, the Bulgarians, are also tolerant people, well, at least we are trying to be such. And as for the correction, as they say in Bulgaria, there is work for the entire Chinese people. Good luck to you.
                    1. marshes
                      marshes 1 May 2012 19: 05
                      Honestly far from religions!
  17. vladimir64ss
    vladimir64ss 1 May 2012 16: 46
    Yes, we can’t get away from each other. All a happy holiday.
    KAZAKHSTAN 1 May 2012 18: 46
    Happy holiday to all! The other day I happened to see the film project VENERA The author of the economic project assures us that you can refuse money at all! No banks, no police, and therefore no crime is brilliant! Modern technologies have gone so far that all processes can be automated ... a person will simply get what he needs, the working day will be reduced at times machines will do the main job ... The modern economy is built on profit and therefore wars will never stop .. economy tomorrow will be based on an amazing balance of all aggregate production and services
    1. vladimir64ss
      vladimir64ss 1 May 2012 20: 04
      Quote: KAZAKHSTAN
      It was conducted to see the film project VENERA author of the economic project assures us that you can refuse money at all!

      This is the beard idea. Saint-Simon wrote about this. --------------- In general, with all his teachings about society, S. linked his name with the first stage of the evolution of positivism, and the views expressed by him in recent years regarding the working class made him the founder of socialism. 1825
  19. Vasilii
    Vasilii 1 May 2012 19: 15
    Union, union ... Hooray ... The Germans and the French no longer want to feed the Greeks and all other Albanians! Do you want to feed Tajiks, Kyrgyz, and others? Feed now - in the union you will feed an order of magnitude more and still defend, please!
  20. them
    them 2 May 2012 00: 05
    By the way, Stalin did not sign the Bretton Woods Agreement of 1944. The USSR was calculated in rubles, the cat was provided with gold. This line of our sovereignty passed Amer Khrushchev.
  21. Magadan
    Magadan 2 May 2012 05: 23
    And it is noteworthy that the article was written by a CAUCASUS. So, not all Caucasians of Kuyram-Bayran on Red Square are satisfied, but, first of all, they care about a single state and understand that we are strength together.

    Quote: Vasilii
    Do you want to feed Tajiks, Kyrgyz, and others? Feed now - in the union you will feed an order of magnitude more and still defend, please!

    Strange, for some reason in the Union we kind of "fed" them, but all together for some reason had a higher standard of living than now. Interestingly straight. And the power of the united Russian Empire, that the USSR with the current Russian Federation, is even ridiculous to compare. So, your reasoning and philosophizing is one thing, but the result and facts are quite another.
    1. marshes
      marshes 2 May 2012 11: 32
      And it is noteworthy that the article was written by a CAUCASUS. So far from all Caucasians Kuyram Bayran
      He is an Armenian and does not celebrate Kurban Bayram.
  22. Dok-stavros
    Dok-stavros 2 May 2012 19: 00
    And it is noteworthy that the article was written by a CAUCASIAN. He is not a Caucasian.

    There are undeniable truths, the main of which is that the homeland of the Armenian people is the Armenian Highlands. It was here, on the Armenian Highlands, that it was formed, created its rich distinctive culture, and continues to live and build the Armenian people.

    It is very simple to find the Armenian Highlands on the map, it borders: in the east, with the Iranian plateau, in the west with the Anatolian plateau, in the north with the Kura River valley, in the south with northern Mesopotamia. All the so-called toponyms, such as “Lesser Caucasus” and “Transcaucasia”, are terms artificially coined by the Soviet government. They were invented by those who at one time illegally transferred the originally Armenian territories with the Armenian majority of the population to third countries. They were invented in order to deprive the Armenian side of any grounds for restoring justice in the future, and to strengthen the territorial appetites of Armenia’s neighbors. They did the job and undersigned it.

    The term "Transcaucasia" does not mean the Caucasus, but what is after the Caucasus, just like the term "outside the city," does not mean what is inside the city, but what is outside it. Given that the Caucasus is part of Russia, Abkhazia, South Ossetia, Georgia and Azerbaijan, these countries are Caucasus-forming countries, and the term "Transcaucasia" was coined exclusively for Armenia. The Soviet government could not recognize Artsakh, Javakhk and Nakhichevan as part of the Armenian Highlands, and even the highest peak of the Armenian SSR - Mount Aragats, attributed to the Caucasus! If the Soviet regime recognized the toponym Armenian Highlands for the Armenian SSR, it would thereby show the essence of the anti-Armenian policy it has been pursuing over the years. Therefore, all sorts of “small caucuses” were invented, etc. Thus, for a long time, the concept of “Caucasian homeland” was inspired to Armenians.

    Soviet times are a thing of the past, but Soviet cartographic policy continues to live. In Russia, Armenia continues to be annexed to the Caucasus, and Armenians to "persons of Caucasian nationality."
  23. Tokmag
    Tokmag 5 May 2012 14: 11
    There is no doubt Geghamyan is special, but I do not like the showdown of economists, they usually pass by the point. 1) The dollar ruled with the consent of the world powers, because without it it would be worse, they would gnaw each other like spiders in a bank. 2) The crisis was called the crisis of "Trust" and immediately scored, but in vain. Vit America is also a rogue and cheated, that's why there is a crisis. 3) In the age of the Internet, the humanitarian and cultural space is already there, without the EurAsEC, the economic-military-political space can take place, if they do not cheat. Wait and see.....