Military Review

American aircraft carriers killed hundreds of their sailors

47
The official version of the death of the Russian nuclear submarine "Kursk" was called an explosion of torpedoes 65-76 "Kit", which submariners were supposed to use in exercises. The official report on the tragedy, which was ready in 2002, said that in 11 hours 28 minutes 26 seconds, an 65-76 "Kit" torpedo exploded in the torpedo tube No. 4 of the Kursk. The cause of the explosion was the leakage of the components of the torpedo fuel (hydrogen peroxide). Two minutes later, a fire that occurred after the first explosion caused the detonation of the remaining torpedoes in the first compartment of the boat. The second explosion caused the destruction of several of the front compartments of the submarine, the boat sank, all 118 officers and sailors aboard the Kursk died.


This version looks quite convincing, such torpedoes were considered unsafe before the crash with the Kursk boat, there was a statistics of incidents with their participation. After the death of the APCS K-141 "Kursk", this torpedo was removed from service as unreliable.

It is worth noting that the detonation of ammunition on navy often became the cause of severe fires and destruction, which led to human casualties. Strong fires in the 1960s nearly destroyed several U.S. Navy carriers, including the pride of the U.S. Navy - the world's first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier USS Enterprise, killing hundreds of their crew members in total. Americans don’t like to remember this, but you won’t erase words from a song.

To ensure that the combat units are deadly weaponswhich all modern ships and submarines are armed with, in no case did not receive mechanical damage and did not heat up, try to constantly monitor. However, only one defect or fatal coincidence of circumstances, an accident, can cause a catastrophe that turns around human victims. So, 26 of October 1966 of the year on board the US aircraft carrier USS Oriskany, which was launched as early as 1945, someone from the crew accidentally lit a false flare, was taken aback and, panicking, dropped it. Instead of just throwing the hand flare overboard, the sailor threw the hand flare into the drawer that held the other hand flares and the flares. The entire contents of the locker instantly flashed. The fire that started in the nose of the hangar deck of an aircraft carrier caused the death of 44 people, among whom were many experienced pilots who were veterans of the Vietnam War.

USS Oriskany aircraft carrier

The ship was seriously damaged and went to the Philippines for repair, and then to the USA. Repair work was completed only on 23 March 1967 of the year. In July, the 1967 of the year, the aircraft carrier was again used by the Americans to provide air cover for their troops operating in Vietnam. True, now USS Oriskany also had to assist another American aircraft carrier - USS Forrestal, on board of which there was also a terrible fire, even more destructive and with even greater losses among the crew members. At the same time, American warships broke down and did not receive serious damage due to any opposition from the enemy.

Now the fire on the aircraft carrier "Forrestol" is called one of the most significant incidents that have occurred with US aircraft carriers over the entire period of their service in the fleet. The strongest fire broke out aboard the July 29 1967 aircraft carrier. As a result of this incident, 134 people died, another 161 person received injuries of varying severity. Material damage to the ship amounted to 72 million dollars (more than half a billion dollars equivalent to 2008 a year), and this is still without the cost destroyed by the fire, as well as the aircraft dropped by the crew. After the fire, the 21 aircraft was deleted from the naval register.

According to the official conclusion of the commission, the cause of the fire on board the USS Forrestal aircraft carrier was the spontaneous launch of a 127 mm uncontrolled aviation Mk 32 “Zuni” missiles due to an accidental power surge in the circuit of one of the F-4 Phantom fighter-bombers standing on deck. The aircraft, like many other cars on the deck, was prepared for air strikes across Vietnam. This launch of a rocket launched a chain reaction, which almost led to the death of the entire aircraft carrier. In the course of this incident, the future American politician John McCain, who escaped with only shrapnel wounds, could die.

The carrier, on which McCain served as a pilot, was named after the first US Secretary of Defense, James Forrestal. For the fifth day, he was on combat watch off the coast of Vietnam in the Gulf of Tonkin. In the morning, the pilots and equipment prepared the planes for the second sortie. In total, 7 of the Phantom fighters, 12 of Skyhawk attack aircraft and 2 of the Vigilant reconnaissance aircraft were to take part in it. They were all on the flight deck.

American aircraft carriers killed hundreds of their sailors
Fire on USS Forrestal aircraft carrier

In 10: 53 local time 29 July 1967 of the launch of one of the "Phantoms" spontaneously launched an unguided rocket "Zuni". She did not explode, hitting the target. Perhaps the incident would not have turned into a tragedy if the rocket had not landed in the Skyhawk outboard fuel tank. The tank pulled away from the wing of the aircraft, and the fuel that spilled onto the deck instantly flared. The fuel tanks of other aircraft began to explode from overheating, the deck of the aircraft carrier covered the flames, clouds of thick black smoke appeared above it. After a few more minutes, the bombs began to burst aboard the ship.

The first in 1,5 minutes after the start of the fire was an old-fashioned bomb AN-M65, which fell from the suspension of one of the aircraft. The explosion completely destroyed the aircraft, and also left a hole in the deck. Scattered by fragments at the time of the explosion, the fire brigade working on the flight deck, in which only three people survived, was all injured. The shards also pierced the tanks of two more nearby combat vehicles.

A total of 9 aircraft bombs exploded on the deck of the Forrestal aircraft carrier, including the old AN-M8 bombs with Composition B explosives (an explosive that is a flowable mixture of hexogen and trinitrotoluene) and just one new bomb that detonated with a close ruptured AN-M65. In the future, this explosive was replaced by a more fireproof. Bombs struck several holes in the flight deck through which burning aviation fuel began to penetrate inside the ship — into the flight hangar and into the crew’s living quarters.

Fire on USS Forrestal aircraft carrier


The fire on the flight deck was localized in 12: 15, in the interior of the ship - to 13: 42. It turned out to completely extinguish the fire only by the 4 clock the very next morning. After the fire, the aircraft carrier looked as if it had survived a fierce battle, although the fire brigade began to extinguish the fire immediately. In this case, the pilots themselves pushed the surviving aircraft overboard, and also sent ammunition into the sea, which were on the flight deck of the ship. As a result, the 21 aircraft was lost, and 42 vehicles were seriously damaged. The fire demonstrated that on the flight deck it was necessary to have heavy armored forklifts, since the efforts of the crew were not sufficiently effective in trying to throw burning aircraft overboard. The aircraft carrier was permanently out of order and was under repair until April 8 1968. After the fire, the ship received a scornful nickname Fire Stall - Fire Stall, which beaten the real name of the aircraft carrier.

Both incidents described above occurred with American aircraft carriers that were directly involved in the Vietnam War. However, the third major accident occurred on a ship that did not participate in the battles at that time and did not even come close to the theater of military operations. This is the first atomic carrier in the world - USS Enterprise, which cruised 1969 in January to 70 nautical miles south-west of Pearl Harbor. The carrier was on the exercises, along with him were also the missile cruiser USS Bainbridge and the destroyer USS Rodgers. All three ships were at the exercises, but the fighting began for them earlier than they had planned.

The disaster occurred on the morning of January 14, 1969, at about 8: 15 local time. After the first batch of aircraft went into the sky, the second wave was preparing to fly. On deck, there were 15 airplanes, including the F-4 Phantom fighter jets, A-6 and A-7 fighter attack planes, Ka-3 tanker aircraft and Grumman E-2 Hawkeye Airliner aircraft. All aircraft were lost (the value of each of them was estimated at 5-7 million dollars).

As in the case of "Forrestol", the cause of the disaster was NAR "Zuni". This time the spontaneous explosion of the NAR Mk 32 "Zuni" warhead. Later, the commission concluded that the explosion occurred due to overheating of the missile warhead. Overheating was caused by a rather long impact on the rocket of a jet stream from the engine of another fighter-bomber F-4J "Phantom II", who was on the flight deck and was also preparing for departure. A powerful explosion of a rocket, the explosive of which on 60 percent consisted of RDX and 40 percent of TNT, destroyed the Phantom fuel tank, after which JP-5 jet fuel poured onto the deck. Soon three more fighters were burning, and the first victims of the fire were the pilot of the fighter-bomber and two technicians who prepared the car for departure.

Fire on USS Enterprise aircraft carrier


After that, three more spontaneous launches of the NAR “Zuni” occurred, and then the Mark 82 aerial bomb exploded aboard the aircraft carrier, which made a hole in its deck with a radius of 2,5 meters and the fire penetrated three decks down. As eyewitnesses later recalled, shrapnel flew all over the deck of an aircraft carrier, all the stocks of fire extinguishing foam, like fire hoses, were destroyed by an explosion. People were dying on fire on deck. Every minute the situation only worsened. Because of the fire, the stand was detonated at once with three Mark 82 bombs. This explosion caused the appearance of a six-meter hole in the deck. The fire, meanwhile, was transferred to the Ka-3 tanker, and thousands of liters of aviation fuel were burning. In this case, the flame and smoke almost paralyzed the process of controlling the vessel.

In total, 18 explosions were noted on board the aircraft carrier, each of which could be attributed to direct hits of bombs or missiles. In many respects, the aircraft carrier was saved by the fact that its captain Kent Lee deployed the vessel so that the wind began to blow smoke from the deck and superstructure, providing a good overview from the navigating bridge. The sailors again dropped into the sea planes and ammunition stored on the deck. This was an extremely risky exercise, but the team simply had no other choice. The destroyer USS Rodgers also helped the injured ship very in time. He risked himself next to the aircraft carrier at risk, using all available means to extinguish it.

The sailors managed to locate the fire on the deck of the aircraft carrier 40 minutes after the first explosion. It was possible to completely extinguish the fire only by 12 clock local time. In total, the fire and explosions of ammunition on board took the lives of 28 people, the injured were much more - 343 people. The ship was seriously damaged and departed for repairs at the docks, the cost of repairs was estimated at 126 million dollars (in 1969 prices of the year). Read more...

Emergency teams are fighting for the survivability of USS Enterprise


After a series of such disasters, which claimed more than two hundred lives, the Americans drew certain conclusions aimed at preventing similar situations and increasing fire safety on ships. For example, manufacturers of missiles and bombs began to make them more resistant to high temperatures. On aircraft carriers began to mount special deck irrigation systems. More attention was paid to the training of ships' crews in safety regulations and behavior in extreme situations.

Information sources:
https://utro.ru/army/2018/04/06/1356597.shtml
https://www.gazeta.ru/science/2017/07/29_a_10810124.shtml
https://masterok.livejournal.com/2440773.html
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  1. Vard
    Vard April 11 2018 05: 31
    +6
    And after this, they say that our aircraft carrier is bad ... Everything is known in comparison ...
  2. Molot1979
    Molot1979 April 11 2018 06: 42
    +10
    Set the serial numbers of the Zuni missiles and present both to the title of Hero of the Soviet Union!
    1. gattus
      gattus April 11 2018 07: 09
      +12
      Not rockets, but McCain. It was his fault that everything happened. But, because he comes from an influential admiral's family, he was long and carefully barred. And "he is not to blame." Even filmed a film-investigation of the disaster, tailored to the official version.
      1. EvilLion
        EvilLion April 11 2018 08: 35
        +2
        How everyone loves to remember McCain ... He was there, sort of like, and was not on the plane.
        1. gattus
          gattus April 11 2018 08: 49
          +6
          McCain at that time was sitting on the plane from which the rocket launched. He was getting ready to fly.
          1. dzuar saubarag
            dzuar saubarag April 11 2018 12: 31
            +5
            Yes, just such a version is persistently disseminated by his detractors))) However, given his talents, which he noted during his studies and further during the service, this version sounds believable. If this is true, then John Sidney McCain III was uniquely shone by the Star of the Hero. The first of April could have been joked by laying out supposedly secret documents on assigning a high award to our hero))))
          2. Alber
            Alber April 11 2018 14: 17
            +1
            Quote: gattus
            McCain at that time was sitting on the plane from which the rocket launched. He was getting ready to fly.

            We also had enough jambs ...
            1. 11 black
              11 black 11 May 2018 09: 37
              0
              Quote: Alber
              We also had enough jambs ...

              On our aircraft carriers, thank God, this has never happened before.
              Yaks fell to the decks, but nothing comparable was for sure
          3. Alexey RA
            Alexey RA April 11 2018 19: 21
            +9
            Quote: gattus
            McCain at that time was sitting on the plane from which the rocket launched. He was getting ready to fly.

            McCain was sitting on a plane, standing next to and slightly ahead of the one that hit the NAR.
            And yet - McCain piloted the Skyhawk. And the rocket flew in from the Phantom, standing in a row opposite.
            The deck crew and gunsmiths are guilty of the incident.
            Some connected the cables immediately when suspending the NAR units, in the parking lot, and not before launching the aircraft, on the catapult - they reduced the preparation time for departure in violation of the instructions. The instruction was written not just like that - when parking on deck AB in the on-board network of deck vehicles of those times, current pulses “sufficient” to launch missiles “walked”. And the only way to avoid premature launch was not to connect the PU cables to the on-board network until the last - until the moment the aircraft was placed on the catapult.
            The second - took the old-style bombs, stored for 15 years in the tropics, often in the open. Moreover, the survivability division was not informed about this. As a result, firefighters who extinguished burning fuel were sure that a new model of bomb was suspended on the plane, which they had 10 minutes between the start of the fire and detonation.
            1. KVIRTU
              KVIRTU April 16 2018 23: 05
              +1
              Explanatory commentary. I’ll fix it a bit: they hung missiles according to the regulations at the parking spot. There were no violations. But when switching from external to on-board power supply of the aircraft (the engine is started, the power cable is disconnected and the ground is removed) the same surges and impulses arose.
  3. Snakebyte
    Snakebyte April 11 2018 07: 54
    +16
    The USSR Navy also had a number of cases of fires on ships, in one case this led to the death of the ship.
    Accidents and catastrophes of submarines in general are dragging a whole book.
    What now, to call the Soviet ships the killers of their sailors?
    1. 11 black
      11 black 11 May 2018 09: 41
      +1
      Quote: Snakebyte
      The USSR Navy also had a number of cases of fires on ships, in one case this led to the death of the ship.
      Accidents and catastrophes of submarines in general are dragging a whole book.
      What now, to call the Soviet ships the killers of their sailors?

      Do not idealize the US Navy.
  4. X Y Z
    X Y Z April 11 2018 08: 27
    +1
    Interestingly, there was an article earlier that said that it was McCain himself who pressed something there and started ... Then he had to lubricate him for a long time. Where is the truth?
  5. Vlad09
    Vlad09 April 11 2018 09: 40
    +11
    The article is not written by a very competent person. Calling a warship a ship is the height of ignorance. In addition, the aircraft carrier has only flight decks, and not a single flight. I didn’t read the whole article, apparently it was written through and through by a civilian who does not speak marine terminology.
    1. Orionvit
      Orionvit April 11 2018 14: 21
      +7
      Quote: Vlad09
      I didn’t read the whole article, apparently it was written through and through by a civilian who does not speak marine terminology.

      Clearly, the terminology is not the same, so it’s not worth reading. Maybe the facts are doubtful? Oh yes, you didn’t read it.
      1. MadCat
        MadCat April 11 2018 19: 52
        +1
        Quote: Orionvit
        Quote: Vlad09
        I didn’t read the whole article, apparently it was written through and through by a civilian who does not speak marine terminology.

        Clearly, the terminology is not the same, so it’s not worth reading. Maybe the facts are doubtful? Oh yes, you didn’t read it.

        if we list all the facts of the catastrophes of the Soviet fleet in abbreviated form, then it will pull in war and peace in volume, and so what? Fleet to dissolve and write off all ashore?
        1. 11 black
          11 black 11 May 2018 09: 43
          0
          Quote: MadCat
          if we list all the facts of the catastrophes of the Soviet fleet in abbreviated form, then it will pull in war and peace in volume, and so what?

          Do not distort - the American "record" has not yet been broken. They once killed six destroyers in exercises at a time - six! hi
      2. Alexey RA
        Alexey RA April 12 2018 09: 42
        0
        Quote: Orionvit
        Clearly, the terminology is not the same, so it’s not worth reading. Maybe the facts are doubtful?

        If a person is mistaken in one thing - this raises doubts about everything that he writes.
        If the clock struck thirteen times, then this not only means that the thirteenth strike was incorrect - it raises doubts about the fidelity of each of the first twelve strokes.

        In addition, the same selection can be given for the fleet and ships of any country.
        1. Orionvit
          Orionvit April 12 2018 12: 26
          +6
          Quote: Alexey RA
          If a person is mistaken in one thing - this raises doubts about everything that he writes.

          Please do not confuse terminology with factology. On the facts stated in the article, there are no complaints, they have long been known. Moreover, in many cases documentaries were even shot. However, Comrade Vlad09, seeing a certain discrepancy with the terms “generally accepted in the Navy” (in his words), was so outraged that “he couldn’t even eat”. I didn’t read the article, but I immediately made an angry comment in which I accused the author of incompetence. You need to be more modest.
          In addition, the same selection can be given for the fleet and ships of any country.
          In this case, the conversation was specifically about the US Navy, as the largest and most powerful in the world. A fleet of Czechoslovakia or Luxembourg is of no interest to anyone.
  6. BAI
    BAI April 11 2018 10: 06
    +7
    18 explosions were noted, each of which could be attributed to direct hits by air bombs or missiles.

    Moral - a single carrier rocket cannot be destroyed. Even two.
    1. gattus
      gattus April 11 2018 10: 33
      +4
      There were rockets on the planes there air-to-surface.
      And when, for example, will the X-101 also fly into an aircraft carrier about morality?
      1. BAI
        BAI April 11 2018 13: 12
        +3
        Same:
        1.
        Total on the deck of the aircraft carrier "Forrestal" exploded 9 air bombs, including 8 bombs of the old model AN-M65 with the Composition B explosive (an explosive that is a fluid mixture of hexogen and trinitrotoluene) and just one new bomb, which detonated at close break AN-M65.

        2.
        marked 18 explosions, each of which could be attributed to direct hits of air bombs or rockets.
  7. dzuar saubarag
    dzuar saubarag April 11 2018 12: 35
    +9
    An interesting story is presented with the aircraft carrier Enterprise. We must pay tribute to the professionalism of Captain Kent Lee and the crew of the destroyer Rogers. Such an adversary must be respected.
  8. Fedorov
    Fedorov April 11 2018 12: 45
    +9
    After the death of the K-141 Kursk APRK, this torpedo was withdrawn from service as unreliable.

    Nothing of the kind, it was even modified and it is in service. The old one was chasing the wake for 50 km, there is evidence that it was brought to 100. She has a bigger gauge, and with a nuclear head is present. Otherwise what? half of the crew in the scrap? I have a friend, a former commander of a mine-torpedo group. so he swears oathly that peroxide itself does not detonate, but a volumetric fire is easy. So with Kursk is not at all transparent.
    1. BAI
      BAI April 11 2018 13: 15
      +6
      Kursk is not at all transparent.

      I would say there is a very dark story.
    2. ZVO
      ZVO April 11 2018 20: 26
      0
      Quote: Fedorov
      After the death of the K-141 Kursk APRK, this torpedo was withdrawn from service as unreliable.

      Nothing of the kind, it was even modified and it is in service. The old one was chasing the wake for 50 km, there is evidence that it was brought to 100. She has a bigger gauge, and with a nuclear head is present. Otherwise what? half of the crew in the scrap? I have a friend, a former commander of a mine-torpedo group. so he swears oathly that peroxide itself does not detonate, but a volumetric fire is easy. So with Kursk is not at all transparent.


      Let your mine detonator re-read chemistry textbooks again ...
      Detonates and how ...
      1. KVIRTU
        KVIRTU April 16 2018 23: 18
        0
        You would explain: "hydrogen peroxide is an insensitive explosive, since it is enough to dilute it with 15% water to make it unable to detonate"
  9. Andrei from Chelyabinsk
    Andrei from Chelyabinsk April 11 2018 13: 25
    +3
    Submarines claimed the lives of not even hundreds - thousands of people. The same goes for battleships.
    1. Simargl
      Simargl April 11 2018 14: 04
      +4
      On the ground, combat losses can be in the ratio from 1: 1 to 1:10 (dead to the wounded), and in the navy, in battles, and 1000: 1 is a common thing.
    2. Vedzmin
      Vedzmin April 14 2018 21: 14
      0
      In terms of disasters, not related to hostilities? Or death in battle?
  10. Kokarev Mikhail
    Kokarev Mikhail April 11 2018 14: 22
    +2
    Compare the end of the 60s with 2000m - not beautiful. It is good that their flaws were not counted from the birth of Christ.
  11. John Steinpreiss
    John Steinpreiss April 11 2018 14: 28
    +2
    * At the moment this is the most relevant topic ?? I am more concerned about the dying dollar exchange rate. Here is an indicator of stability and quality, and ALL the rest is blah blah, blah. I mean they will rub you in order to hide reality and truth.
    1. pacific
      pacific April 13 2018 06: 18
      +3
      Quote: John Steinpreiss
      * At the moment this is the most relevant topic ?? I'm more concerned about the dying dollar exchange rate ....

      So this is the section "Armament", subsection "Fleet". What to complain about the fact that the articles here are just about the fleet?
      You, dear, are breaking into a strange monastery with your charter.
      I’ll tell you a secret: in the "tree" of the site there is also a section "History" - so there are articles about Ancient Egypt. And, which is characteristic - they also do not reflect the theme of "mindеdollar bill. "
      The mess, however. negative
  12. smaug78
    smaug78 April 11 2018 15: 04
    +2
    Here I, as a citizen of Russia, care about my people. And when they try to answer our problems: “And in America the blacks are lynched,” you can immediately see the Trotskyist.
    1. Conserp
      Conserp April 11 2018 20: 36
      +3
      Trotskyite is immediately evident by denial in the vulgar form of the principle "everything is relative", to translate arrows.

      Trotsky is immediately visible in you.
      1. smaug78
        smaug78 April 12 2018 20: 43
        +1
        For God's sake, let the Trotskyist. But you're funny. you don’t even understand what you are writing, as they say, you look at the training manual, but there are no brains))))
  13. wicked pinnochio
    wicked pinnochio April 11 2018 19: 39
    +3
    and where is the death of this McCain, or doesn’t God need the devil?
  14. Vladimir1155
    Vladimir1155 April 11 2018 20: 09
    0
    AB is corrupt because it is complex large and vulnerable
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    2. Sverdlov
      Sverdlov April 11 2018 22: 09
      +3
      This is from the series - “if you want to live, you’ll not get so hot”, no matter how it sounds.
      Why are sailors so close-knit, commanding people? Simply, if that, everyone is dying.
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    4. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA April 12 2018 09: 57
      +3
      Quote: ZVO
      Maybe among the idiots there will be honest and say: yes, I was wrong when I wrote about that. that they are cowards and without courage ....

      Voice in the wilderness. smile
      Useless. Recently, in the comments to another article, they already stated that they did not believe that the Americans once repaired something under fire - they say they are cowards, they have no military spirit. After the photo from the same “Forrestal”, where the deck crew pulls the PTB and bombs from burning cars (completely fueled and with suspended bombs and missiles) - silence.
      The worst thing is that there was already an example of such a capricious attitude towards the Americans. They say that effeminate Yankees do not know how to fight for real - they are not fighters, and after the first defeats they will ask for peace. It all ended for those who thought it was so sad - they still disentangle.
  16. bone1
    bone1 April 11 2018 21: 41
    +2
    What is the meaning of the article? On AB people died, hand over for scrapping and will you be happy? Aircraft, too, happen to fall, to refuse them too or not to fly?
  17. Evgeny Goncharov
    Evgeny Goncharov April 12 2018 18: 37
    +1
    > Americans don't like to remember this

    Where did Serezhenka Yuferev get it from? They never forgot about it there, the Damage Control in the American Navy is well-written and in Russian, the author would be familiar with it.
  18. Vladimir Kuzmenko
    Vladimir Kuzmenko April 14 2018 21: 22
    0
    Undoubtedly, everything described above is very informative and interesting. But it doesn’t explain the death of the Kursk in any way. Delirium about the detonated torpedo and detonation of the ammunition is designed for whom? For old women at the entrance? And about the fire that caused the explosion?
    What to hold all for idiots?
  19. dvaposto
    dvaposto April 15 2018 16: 33
    0
    hint? with a LOT OF PROBABILITY, a fire will begin on the aircraft carrier. will they bring buckwheat in napalm oil? and who is to blame? did you know did you know .....
  20. Xscorpion
    Xscorpion April 15 2018 19: 29
    +1
    Quote: BAI
    Same:
    1.
    Total on the deck of the aircraft carrier "Forrestal" exploded 9 air bombs, including 8 bombs of the old model AN-M65 with the Composition B explosive (an explosive that is a fluid mixture of hexogen and trinitrotoluene) and just one new bomb, which detonated at close break AN-M65.

    2.
    marked 18 explosions, each of which could be attributed to direct hits of air bombs or rockets.


    1.According to the level of the article and the author's literacy, one can judge by a bunch of blunders. In the AN-M65 bombs, not Composition B was used, but TNT or Amatol. And Composition B is not a fluid mixture, but the usual mixed explosive from RDX and TNT, bound either with wax or calcium silicate. On the wiki, simply inept translators are sitting, and cannot correctly translate the word "Composition".
    2. There is a very big difference between a bomb detonation that fell from a height and one that exploded on a deck. In the second case, in the first case it does not penetrate the deck, and in the second its detonation does not occur in the mode that was originally laid in it , respectively, the power of the explosion may differ significantly. I suspect that at first the bombs did not explode at all, but at first they were destroyed, the explosives partially lost their properties due to temperature, partially burned, partially it was carried by the shock wave to a distance, and then the remnants of the explosives Take the usual RGD-5 and explode it in a regular way, and throw the other into a fire, of course with a screw in. The explosion power in the second case will be much lower. TNT will first melt inside, and when the detonator, which is designed for pressed TNT, detonates from heating , then its capacity is not enough to undermine effectively molten (molten) TNT, and it will not detonate in full, most of it will simply burn like ordinary coal.
  21. Sergey Rudov
    Sergey Rudov April 15 2018 19: 32
    +2
    The official version of the Kursk’s death does not correspond to reality. After lifting the severed bow, a dent could be seen inside a two-meter diameter. These frames were belatedly deleted. All officers of the Northern Fleet know that Peter 1 stood for several days near the surfaced emergency buoy of an American boat, with with the help of which they reported to the Pentagon about the incident. The CIA director personally flew to Moscow and as a result the official version was adopted. Why couldn’t this be framed as an emergency collision? Would they have drawn up an act and America seedlings would pay the cost of the lost boats and compensation for the bereaved families of submariners.
    1. Grigory b
      Grigory b April 15 2018 20: 01
      +2
      what emergency collision, what detonation is the bbw, why is the hole in the area of ​​the first compartment after the Kursk rise the main question nobody answered? If the torpedo exploded in the TA, it would rip out the TA’s nose cover and not the stern one. From the official version I believe only one that the Kursk nuclear submarine is dead.
  22. chief.matros
    chief.matros April 19 2018 01: 10
    +2
    The Kursk nuclear submarine was destroyed by an American torpedo, configured to hit the combat compartment with torpedoes or missiles, on our submarines they (missile and torpedo compartments) are placed almost identically on all projects, as the Americans noticed. Just a day (after the incident), the US Secretary of Defense secretly arrived in Russia, now remember how long it has been for the US Secretary of Defense to come to the USSR or Russia? After his visit to Russia, a transfer of several billion dollars was made, free of charge, did American capital give such gifts to anyone and someday? And they hung noodles on our ears about detonation and fire, and drowned the sailors so that they would never tell the truth to anyone. Our ships and submarines are designed in such a way that even if the bow and stern of either the ship or the submarine are lost at the same time, they will remain operational. Where did such knowledge come from? He himself served in the Navy and I know firsthand what the struggle for survivability and ability of our warships is.
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