Military Review

The Caspian flotilla is relocated from Astrakhan to Kaspiysk. Why?

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On Monday, April 2, it became known that the Caspian flotilla will be completely transferred from Astrakhan, where it is currently based, to Dagestan in the city of Kaspiysk. The Minister of Defense of Russia Sergey Shoigu spoke about this during the meeting. Experts note that this decision is directly related to the desire to increase the mobility of the main forces of the flotilla. The military felt that the ships of the association now have too long access to the Caspian Sea from Astrakhan.


According to Rossiyskaya Gazeta, work is actively under way in Dagestan aimed at creating a housing barracks fund, a military hospital and other infrastructure facilities necessary for the accommodation of crews of ships of the Caspian Flotilla. Also, work began on the construction of hydraulic structures and moorings. The new fleet base will be located in the satellite city of the Dagestan capital - Kaspiysk. All work on the redeployment of the forces of the Caspian Flotilla to the new base will go synchronously. In addition, the union will continue to receive new types of weapons and military equipment.

According to Shoigu, a very large construction project takes place in Kaspiysk: moorings, piers, service points, and housing. At the same time, he noted that the number of servicemen and officers of the Caspian Flotilla will increase multiply. Sergei Shoigu did not say anything about the reasons for the decision and the timing of the implementation of the move. At the same time, the Department of Information and Mass Communications of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation also refrained from commenting on this matter.

Local authorities are happy with this decision of the Russian Ministry of Defense. The Deputy Chairman of the Government of the Republic of Dagestan, Ramazan Jafarov, noted that the relocation of the flotilla to Kaspiysk would be of strategic importance for the social and economic development of the republic: the emergence of a new infrastructure, a solution to the issue of employment. In addition to the construction of military facilities, issues of social development will be resolved: the construction of schools and kindergartens, housing construction - all this is planned to be included in the comprehensive program for the development of Dagestan and the program for the integrated development of Russian single-industry towns.


The Caspian Flotilla is the oldest operational association of the Russian Navy. It was created back in 1722 by Emperor Peter I. Today, the flotilla has various surface ships, search and rescue vessels, parts of coastal forces, Aviation, as well as parts of special, rear and technical support. The main tasks of the flotilla are: ensuring the state and national interests of Russia in the Caspian region and countering terrorism. The flotilla includes more than 70 warships and auxiliary vessels for various purposes, including two patrol (missile) ships of Project 11661K Gepard (Tatarstan and Dagestan), three small missile ships of Project 21631 Buyan-M ( Grad Sviyazhsk, Veliky Ustyug and Uglich), as well as three small artillery ships of project 21630 Buyan (Astrakhan, Volgodonsk, Makhachkala) and other vessels (including artillery, missile, chartered boats, landing ships, tugboats). According to Russian Minister of Defense Sergei Shoigu, the share of new ships and boats in the Caspian flotilla has been raised to 85 percent, he said this at the end of 2015.

Reasons for moving

Representatives of the Ministry of Defense of Russia announced the beginning of the construction of a military port in Kaspiysk in the fall of 2017. It is planned that the first stage of construction of base sites for ships of the Caspian Flotilla will be completed in 2019. Ruslan Tsalikov, First Deputy Minister of Defense of Russia, announced this in September last year. Advisor to the Chief of the General Staff, Admiral Igor Kasatonov, who in 1991-1992 led the Black Sea Fleet, in an interview with RBC journalists noted that the translation of the flotilla would not be a quick process. According to him, the decision to move from Astrakhan to Kaspiysk is dictated by the problem of the location of the current fleet base. “Astrakhan is located in 100 kilometers from the Caspian Sea, well, what kind of a naval base is this, if you have to go 6 hours more along the river? In addition, in winter, the river just freezes, and in the summer months it becomes shallow - you can’t even get out at all, ”explained the decision to move the base Igor Kasatonov.

Among the probable reasons for the move, there was also a drop in the level of the Caspian Sea in its northern part predicted by some specialists. This would complicate the operation here of relatively large rocket ships of the Caspian Flotilla, the 11661 and 21631 projects. If you do not take into account the failed transfer of the main forces of the Black Sea Fleet of Russia from Sevastopol to Novorossiysk, then from the 1990-ies this is the first case of changing the main basing point of the flotilla. At the same time, the need to move the Black Sea Fleet disappeared by itself after the annexation of the Crimean Peninsula to Russia in 2014.

Astrakhan became the main base of the Caspian flotilla relatively recently and was forced only after the collapse of the Soviet Union, when the flotilla was divided between the Caspian countries of the CIS (Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan), at the same time the Russian part had to be relocated from Baku to Dagestan and Astrakhan. According to Sergei Shoigu, the transfer of the flotilla to the Dagestan Caspian "is a serious component of security in the region." A retired admiral and former commander of the Black Sea Fleet Viktor Kravchenko noted that the transfer of the flotilla will make it possible to form a "powerful fist" in the Caspian Sea. “All the forces of the flotilla will be concentrated in one place, and it will no longer depend on weather conditions,” said Kravchenko.

The Caspian flotilla is relocated from Astrakhan to Kaspiysk. Why?

With the fact that the transfer of the base of the flotilla is connected with taking climate considerations into account, the military expert Colonel Mikhail Khodaryon agrees. According to him, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Caspian flotilla was redeployed to a completely unprepared place for this. It did not take into account the fact that the Volga delta, as well as the northern part of the Caspian Sea, are freezing. At the same time, ships and vessels of the Caspian flotilla are small and not reinforced class. In principle, in extreme cold they simply risk not leaving their base, Mikhail Khodarenok noted in an interview with RBC. According to the military expert, some point of basing in Astrakhan will still be saved.

With the fact that Astrakhan is inconvenient for basing the fleet, I agree with Viktor Murakhovsky, the chief editor of the journal Arsenal of the Fatherland. According to him, the Volga delta not only freezes during the winter months, it also has to maintain fairways, as the depths in this place are small, as well as very complex hydrological conditions. In addition, Astrakhan is going to develop a commercial port of the Caspian region, and this, in theory, may also affect the operational readiness of the military, said Viktor Murakhovsky.

According to the military expert, in Dagestan there was already a basing station for the flotilla. Yes, and in terms of its location, this republic is better. In Kaspiysk, the conditions for the operational use of the fleet are significantly improved. In particular, the exit of ships to patrol territorial waters becomes easier, said Murakhovsky. According to the editor-in-chief of the magazine Arsenal of the Fatherland, funds for the construction of new facilities and infrastructure have been incorporated into the state armaments program.

The Caspian flotilla is very important for the Russian Federation both from a military strategic and geopolitical point of view, Admiral Igor Kasatonov said in an interview with RBC. “There is no doubt about it. Despite the fact that the Caspian Sea is closed, it also allows solving strategic tasks in conflicts such as, for example, what is happening in Syria, ”the admiral noted. During the Syrian campaign, Russian naval seamen made several launches of Caliber cruise missiles at targets of the Islamic State grouping banned in Russia precisely from the Caspian Sea. A number of experts even believe that today the Caspian Flotilla is one of the most combat-ready alliances of the fleet.


Colonel Andrei Payusov, an independent military expert, believes that internal political events, for example, the recent change of leadership in Dagestan, the flotilla redeployment is in no way connected. According to Payusov, the redeployment of the Caspian flotilla was discussed under the former Russian defense minister, Anatoly Serdyukov, and corresponds to the accepted plans for the construction of the Navy before the 2020 year. “Climate, navigation, logistics and economics play a major role in the transfer of the main base of the flotilla. In addition, territorially, the ships will now be located closer to the areas of operational deployment, ”the military expert said. Andrei Payusov reminded that among the main tasks of the Caspian flotilla is to ensure the safety of navigation, fishing, and oil production.

It is assumed that some acute reaction from the heads of the Caspian countries in connection with the transfer of the base of the Caspian Flotilla from Astrakhan to Kaspiysk will not follow, as the relocation of the main base of the union does not violate the existing agreements. At the same time, in the autumn of 2018, at the summit of the heads of the Caspian states, which will be held in Astana, it is planned to sign the Convention on the Legal Status of the Caspian Sea (this document is being prepared for about 20 years). At the end of 2017, Grigory Krasnov, Deputy Foreign Minister of Russia, in an interview with Kommersant, said that the principle of dividing the Caspian was already agreed, refusing to go into the details of the agreement.

Information sources:
https://www.rbc.ru/politics/02/04/2018/5ac204939a79472f9efd74f7
https://rg.ru/2018/04/04/reg-ufo/kak-budet-obustroena-baza-kaspijskoj-flotilii-v-dagestane.html
https://www.kommersant.ru/doc/3592253
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  1. Vard
    Vard April 5 2018 05: 49
    +1
    Maybe this is good ... But the environment is unlikely to allow you to sleep peacefully ..
  2. Kot_Kuzya
    Kot_Kuzya April 5 2018 07: 17
    +6
    “Astrakhan is located 100 kilometers from the Caspian Sea, well, what kind of naval base is this if you have to go along the river for another 6 hours. In addition, in the winter the river just freezes, and in the summer months it becomes shallow - you don’t need to go out at all, ”Igor Kasatonov explained the decision to relocate the base.

    No more explanation is needed. In 1992, Dagestan was too restless, which is why the fleet was transferred from Baku to Astrakhan. It is surprising in general that 10 years ago the fleet was not transferred to Kaspiysk.
    1. Rey_ka
      Rey_ka April 6 2018 12: 22
      0
      As there Kosoy said from the "gentlemen of fortune" - buy a card! Caspian Flotilla Marine Corps Base Based in Kaspiysk
    2. Mihail28
      Mihail28 April 12 2018 00: 14
      0
      In fact, the flotilla from Baku was transferred to Astrakhan not because Dagestan was not calm, but because the Soviet Union collapsed and Baku became a foreign state. Therefore, they transferred from Baku.
      1. Kot_Kuzya
        Kot_Kuzya April 12 2018 14: 24
        0
        Was Kaspiysk outside the Russian Federation in 1992?
        1. Mihail28
          Mihail28 April 12 2018 19: 31
          0
          The Caspian flotilla was transferred not from Kaspiysk, but from Baku. If suddenly you are not in the know. And in Kaspiysk there was a base of ekranoplanes. The ekranoplan program was curtailed in the same years at the beginning of the 90s, during the collapse of the USSR.
          1. Kot_Kuzya
            Kot_Kuzya April 12 2018 21: 01
            0
            That is, according to your logic, the ekranoplanes, like Kaspiysk, were OUT of the zone of the Russian Federation, so the whole Caspian flotilla was transferred to Astrakhan?
  3. Nikolaevich I
    Nikolaevich I April 5 2018 07: 18
    +8
    I “heard” rumors that Astrakhan was “in shock” ... after all, many of them were provided with work at the facilities of the Caspian flotilla.
    1. Vitas
      Vitas April 5 2018 09: 48
      +2
      Of course, many civilian service units. And here it is ...
      1. Vadim237
        Vadim237 April 5 2018 10: 04
        +1
        The main thing is how much money the MO will spend on this and how many people will be left without work in Astrakhan.
        1. Nikolaevich I
          Nikolaevich I April 5 2018 10: 50
          +9
          Quote: Vadim237
          The main thing is how much money the MO will spend on this and how many people will be left without work in Astrakhan

          There is a "vague suspicion" that the "question" of financing the doug has a place in the decision of the "transfer"! Every year "more and more" and in connection with recent Dagestan events, giving money to Dagestan "just like that" is becoming more and more "inconvenient." Moreover, dissatisfaction with Russian freeloaders is gradually growing in the Russian people (albeit slowly)! And the Caspian flotilla in Dagestan is also a way to "get out": to feed the dagians not "for nothing", but "for work" (it seems to be like ...). Both the solution to this "problem" and strategic expediency, "from one perspective", is an example of the successful coincidence of the interests and needs of the Moscow authorities
          1. Rey_ka
            Rey_ka April 6 2018 12: 23
            +2
            And the base there is a couple of mechanical plants like Dagdiesel
    2. ALEXXX1983
      ALEXXX1983 April 5 2018 15: 01
      +4
      Quote: Nikolaevich I
      I “heard” rumors that Astrakhan was “in shock” ... after all, many of them were provided with work at the facilities of the Caspian flotilla.

      I think the sailors and their loved ones are no less. Not only that, it’s also the future “environment” hostile - it’s better not for wives and children to go out into the street without supervision, and the sailors themselves should only move around.
      1. Maverick1812
        Maverick1812 April 6 2018 06: 57
        0
        Not everything is so bad in Dagestan! Have you ever been there, walked the streets ?! Even 5-10 years ago, it was safer to walk the streets than my father during the service in Kaunas ...
  4. konstantin68
    konstantin68 April 5 2018 09: 01
    0
    "An independent military expert, reserve colonel Andrei Payusov, believes that redeployment of the flotilla is in no way connected with internal political events, for example, the recent change in leadership of Dagestan."
    Here is one of the factors.
  5. Vol4ara
    Vol4ara April 5 2018 10: 07
    +1
    Quote: Vadim237
    The main thing is how much money the MO will spend on this and how many people will be left without work in Astrakhan.

    The main thing is that the ships can immediately go to sea and not get stuck in the Volga
  6. Old26
    Old26 April 5 2018 11: 06
    +2
    Quote: Vol4ara
    Quote: Vadim237
    The main thing is how much money the MO will spend on this and how many people will be left without work in Astrakhan.

    The main thing is that the ships can immediately go to sea and not get stuck in the Volga

    Will come out just at once. Now in Kaspiysk, only amphibious assault troops are on the airspace, but they will be all. Places south of Kaspiysk - in bulk ...
  7. igordok
    igordok April 5 2018 15: 42
    +5
    You are lying. Ships from Astrakhan could not get to Kaspiysk. According to the textbook of the 9 class - "The city of Astrakhan is located at the confluence of the Volga in the Black Sea."
    1. Vladimirets
      Vladimirets April 5 2018 17: 44
      +1
      Quote: igordok
      According to the textbook of grade 9 - "The city of Astrakhan is located at the confluence of the Volga in the Black Sea."

      Well, this is a textbook of Russian, not geography. In the geography textbook for grade 9 it is written: "The Volga creeps into the Caspian Sea alongside Astrohaniyu." laughing
  8. Old26
    Old26 April 5 2018 16: 50
    +1
    Quote: igordok
    You are lying. Ships from Astrakhan could not get to Kaspiysk. According to the textbook of the 9 class - "The city of Astrakhan is located at the confluence of the Volga in the Black Sea."

    Where did you dig such a monster ??????????????? good
    1. Mihail28
      Mihail28 April 7 2018 03: 15
      0
      Russian language textbook for Tajiks.
    2. Azis
      Azis April 19 2018 12: 49
      0
      The real textbook "Russian language" 9 cl. ed. "Ventana-Graf", Federal State Educational Standard.
  9. Old26
    Old26 April 5 2018 20: 16
    +2
    Quote: ALEXXX1983
    I think the sailors and their loved ones are no less. Not only that, it’s also the future “environment” hostile - it’s better not for wives and children to go out into the street without supervision, and the sailors themselves should only move around.

    Were you in Kaspiysk yourself? What a "hostile habitat." Russian on the streets of the city no less than the Dagestanis? And the children go to school not under guard. no need to replicate bikes
    In Makhachkala - yes there, not everything is the same as in Kaspiysk, there are more Dagestanis in percentage terms, but there is no "hostile environment" ...
    1. Maverick1812
      Maverick1812 April 6 2018 07: 02
      +3
      Exactly! I would like to note that those dagi which you see on the streets of the cities of central Russia and those that live at home are different people! I always go to rest in Derbent. A wife and daughter move around the city absolutely safely. Izberbash, the situation is similar, only the Chechens who captivated him, whom the locals also do not like, should be feared!
  10. groks
    groks April 5 2018 21: 39
    +1
    The decision is reasonable. Just a rarity. But does the trading port mean neither ice, nor shallow depths (!) Hinder? Unskillful lies. But closer to BV from Kaspiysk. And to Armenia with Azerbaijan too.
    Dagestan has a new leadership. It is necessary to show love for this leadership of the center. It is necessary to warm up the region and warm up this newest guide.
    1. Krasnoyarsk
      Krasnoyarsk April 5 2018 22: 35
      0
      Quote: groks

      The decision is reasonable. Just a rarity. But does the trading port mean neither ice, nor shallow depths (!) Hinder? Unskillful lies. But closer to BV from Kaspiysk. And to Armenia with Azerbaijan too.

      Or maybe the flotilla and the merchant will be a bit crowded? In addition, the trade is promised to expand.
  11. Old26
    Old26 April 6 2018 09: 17
    0
    Quote: Maverick1812
    Exactly! I would like to note that those dagi which you see on the streets of the cities of central Russia and those that live at home are different people! I always go to rest in Derbent. A wife and daughter move around the city absolutely safely. Izberbash, the situation is similar, only the Chechens who captivated him, whom the locals also do not like, should be feared!

    And we stayed a couple of times on a business trip at a hotel in the vicinity of the Dagdiesel plant. The beaches there .... Almost the "children's sea". To start swimming, you need to move 50-70 meters from the shore. And brandy "Izberbash" .... good
  12. Vladimir1155
    Vladimir1155 April 6 2018 19: 42
    0
    it is necessary to withdraw from there the two largest ships to one of the ocean fleets, and reduce the flotilla
  13. M. Michelson
    M. Michelson April 7 2018 03: 25
    0
    Well, yes ... And the sea should be kept closer to the flotilla, and the flotilla closer to the troubled Dagestan.
  14. Old26
    Old26 April 7 2018 13: 33
    0
    Quote: vladimir1155
    it is necessary to withdraw from there the two largest ships to one of the ocean fleets, and reduce the flotilla

    And let's also reduce the Black Sea Fleet with the Baltic? Not oceanic
  15. Xscorpion
    Xscorpion April 7 2018 18: 58
    0
    Quote: ALEXXX1983
    Quote: Nikolaevich I
    I “heard” rumors that Astrakhan was “in shock” ... after all, many of them were provided with work at the facilities of the Caspian flotilla.

    I think the sailors and their loved ones are no less. Not only that, it’s also the future “environment” hostile - it’s better not for wives and children to go out into the street without supervision, and the sailors themselves should only move around.


    Brad. Firstly, they have such a job. Secondly, of course, it is inconvenient to move from their homes, but they will be given new office apartments in a new place, they will not be put in tents there tomorrow, but when the infrastructure is created. Thirdly, hostility the environment is exaggerated. Not more dangerous than in any Russian city. Well, except that the wives of the military will have to dress more modestly and not go in short shorts and tops, dumping their charms on everyone’s watch, all the same, the majority of the inhabitants of the region are Muslims. In Kaspiysk a decent number of Russians our marines have been standing there for a long time. Many of Russia are going to rest on the Caspian coast in Dagestan. I have been called on several occasions by former colleagues, with whom I have good relations, but there’s just no time for me to retire, so I’ll definitely go .

    Quote: Vitas
    Of course, many civilian service units. And here it is ...


    It's okay. The most valuable ones will be taken by the military, those who replace military posts, for example, those who work in warehouses and headquarters. And the rest will not remain without work. Firstly, there remains a reserve base for the Navy, and secondly, they will develop a civilian port .