The latest progress reports on the T-90M tank appeared on 31 March. The Interfax-AVN news agency, citing an unnamed source related to the current program, wrote that the contract with the Ministry of Defense had already begun. Part of the main tanks ordered will be handed over to the customer later this year. At the same time, the source did not give the exact number of armored vehicles, the assembly and delivery of which is planned for the current 2018 year.
Source "Interfax-AVN" revealed a curious feature of the current work. It turned out that the new equipment will be produced in two ways. NPK Uralvagonzavod, fulfilling the order of the military, will build from scratch only a certain part of the new type of tanks. The remaining T-90Ms will be assembled by restructuring, repairing and upgrading the basic T-90, currently serving in various parts of the armed forces. Thus, the current contract provides for the construction and modernization of equipment. The shares of completely new and modernized tanks were not specified in the order.
It should be noted that new reports from Nizhny Tagil confirm already known information. So, in early March, the company "Uralvagonzavod" announced its plans for the near future, including in the context of the project "Breakthrough-3". In preparation for the visit of Russian President Vladimir Putin to the Sverdlovsk region, the corporation has published some information about its activities. Among other topics, the execution of a contract for the supply of T-90M tanks was affected. It was officially announced that the construction of such combat vehicles will begin this year. The first batch will also be transferred before the end of the year.
A little earlier, at the very end of January, the TASS news agency reported on the progress of work and ongoing preparations for the expected production of tanks. A representative of the Uralvagonzavod NPK then reported on the implementation of a number of basic preparatory activities. In addition, an interdepartmental commission was formed to supervise all the required work.
At the same time, quantitative aspects of the existing contract were mentioned. The TASS source indicated that the first batch of T-90M tanks, the release of which is planned for the 2018 year, will in fact be a battalion set. Recall, at present, the battalion of a separate tank brigade of ground forces relies 42 tank. Thus, this year the Russian army will receive at least several dozen of the newest T-90M armored vehicles.
At the end of January, the general dates and volumes of the current production program of the equipment were also mentioned. TASS wrote that armored vehicles of the Proryv-3 type will be produced during the entire duration of the current State Armaments Program. What kind of program was meant - completed, calculated for 2011-2020 years, or launched, operating in 2018-2025 years - was not specified. The total number of desired tanks was also not named. A representative of the developer corporation indicated that production volumes will be determined by the customer.
At that time, the question of officially adopting the T-90M into service with the Russian army remained topical. According to TASS, this event will take place in the coming months. Obviously, the order to take the tank into service will appear almost simultaneously with the delivery of the first production vehicles.
The pace of production of new armored vehicles in the coming years a few weeks ago was announced by the leadership of the Ministry of Defense. In February, Deputy Defense Minister Yury Borisov, talking about new projects, announced that the army would receive 200 tanks each year. This number will include both new build machines and upgraded designs. This is a technique of several modern modifications, including the latest T-90M. The share of promising T-90M in these plans was not specified. It can be assumed that such tanks will become one of the most popular among those planned for construction or modernization.
In the recent past, it was repeatedly pointed out that the construction of new T-90 “Breakthrough-3” tanks would significantly increase the combat capability of tank units. Obtaining such equipment, units will be able to more effectively solve the tasks that will positively affect the overall performance of the ground forces. In addition, the delivery of built and upgraded vehicles will allow to solve one of the main tasks of the current state armament programs, providing for a significant increase in the share of new equipment in the army.
Recall, the main battle tank T-90M was the last at the moment the result of the program with the code "Breakthrough". Within the framework of several projects that were developed in succession, various methods were proposed for updating and improving the existing T-90 tank design. The newest and most sophisticated version of such modernization last year was approved by the military department, and now it has to go to the troops.
All major development work and negotiations were completed no later than August of last year. During the Armiya-2017 international military-technical forum, the Russian Ministry of Defense and Uralvagonzavod Research and Production Corporation signed the first contract for the production of tanks called T-90М. Then it was reported about the desire of the military department to get at least several dozen combat vehicles, but the exact numbers were not called. Not specified and the value of the contract. However, officials indicated that the Nizhny Tagil enterprise for the implementation of several contracts will receive more than 22 billion rubles.
By this time some details of the promising project had already become known. A few weeks later, the current pattern was supplemented by new information. In mid-September 2017, the first public demonstration of an experienced T-90M tank took place at one of the sites in the Leningrad Region. By that time, as reported, the prototype tank had coped with factory tests and entered the government. Also in the autumn it became known that new combat vehicles, most likely, will be produced by restructuring and updating existing ones. According to the latest data, the modernization of the drill will be conducted in parallel with the construction of a new one.
According to official data, the new project "Breakthrough-3" provides for the use of some components of the production tanks of the T-90 family in combination with a number of completely new products. The combat compartment of the vehicle is undergoing a cardinal renewal. The electronic equipment in general and the fire control tools in particular are changing. Native protection is complemented by modern devices of several types. Due to all this, a substantial increase in combat effectiveness and basic technical characteristics is achieved.
Keeping the existing armored body with the combined protection of the forehead and the classic layout, the T-90M tank receives a new internal equipment. So, in the rear of the hull, the main B-92C2 engine of 1000 horsepower is placed. and an auxiliary power unit designed to power the on-board systems when the engine is off. Outside on the case are mounted dynamic protection units "Relic". Mentioned the possibility of using the latest complex of active protection "Afganit".
The combat qualities are also improved due to the cardinal processing of the fighting compartment. As the main weapons A launcher type 2A46М-4 is used. Also in the recent past there was information about the possibility of equipping the T-90M with a modern 2A82-1M product. In both cases, the tank retains the ability to use all existing 125-mm ammunition and guided missiles of the Reflex. On one installation with the instrument remains a twin machine gun PKTM. A remote-controlled combat module with a machine gun is mounted above the commander's turret.
The fire control system and crew jobs are subject to serious processing. So, the commander and the gunner now have to use consoles with LCD screens, combined with some traditional controls. According to known data, the SLA and its components will allow the upgraded tank to work at any time of the day and find targets at long ranges.
The order for mass production of T-90M tanks appeared at the end of last summer. As it became clear a little later, at that time an experienced technique of this type was already completing the required set of tests. Until recently, Uralvagonzavod Research and Production Corporation, which will produce such equipment, has been carrying out work on the preparation of the construction of new tanks and the modernization of the production T-90. In the foreseeable future, the contracting enterprise will have to manufacture and transfer to the military department the first batch of T-90M in the amount of several dozen cars. Then work will continue, and over the next few years the army will receive a number of new lots of such equipment.
By the end of the year, the Russian ground forces will receive and begin the development of the first battalion set of the newest main battle tanks T-90M. In parallel, the delivery of upgraded T-72B3 will continue, and then the production of T-80BVM machines, which have also undergone repairs and modernization, will start. The current plans of the Ministry of Defense provide for the most serious renewal of the fleet of armored troops through the implementation of several modernization projects for various tanks. This is expected to have a positive effect on the army as a whole. In the very near future, new tanks created in the framework of the Breakthrough-3 program will contribute to combat effectiveness.
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