Military Review

25 most effective Russian infantry bayonet attacks in the Great War

95
In one of the articles we wrote about the specifics of the bayonet of the Russian infantry of the First World War (see With bayonet or bayonet). The Russian soldier acted perfectly in the melee - and the bayonet continued to be far from the last argument in achieving victory. The bayonet attacks were practiced en masse - especially at the stage of a maneuver war, as evidenced by the combat documents and memories of the front-line soldiers. Thus, an eyewitness recalled how, in one of the battles, "fresh crowds of brutalized Germans" rushed forward - and now people, drunk with blood, with distorted faces, prick and cut each other. In the oak forest the bayonet battle turned around - and only the trees sadly heed the moans of bleeding people dying in terrible agony. [Ververn B.V. 6-I battery. 1914 - 1917 The story of the time of great service to the motherland. T. 2. Paris, 1938. C. 94].


Manual for infantry action in battle [Pg., 1915. C. 5.] noted that the strength of the infantry is: "in the gun and machine-gun fire with a decisive movement forward and in a bayonet strike." And the Charter of the Field Service stated that “infantry rushes at bayonets, having shot the enemy from the closest distances with rifle and machine-gun fire” [Pg., 1915. C. 201.]. Life turned out to be more complicated than the installation of regulations and manuals - and the Russian infantry went to bayonets on the infantry, artillery and cavalry of the enemy, preparing an attack by fire or without such preparation. Qualifying for a bayonet attack was a determined throw with the aim of delivering a bayonet to the enemy. Circumstances could be varied.

Bayonet attacks were practiced in different settings — for example, during reconnaissance in force. Thus, 16 June 1916 of the 503 Infantry Chigirinsky Regiment of the 126 Infantry Division of the 45 Corps conducted enhanced reconnaissance to capture prisoners - in the direction of the count. Cowban The regiment battalion, taking advantage of the darkness, quietly approached the enemy trenches at Cowbani, perekolol garrison with bayonets and broke into the village. There was a panic. The Russians again rushed to the bayonets - and, more than 150 manned shots, captured 38 prisoners [From the combat past of the Russian army. Documents and materials about the exploits of Russian soldiers and officers. M., 1947. C. 349.]. And in another episode, a group of intelligence officers of the 201 Infantry Regiment of the Poti Regiment, at night crept up to the German outpost - and suddenly attacked the latter. The Germans were desperately defending themselves - but most of the garrison of the outpost was bayoneted, and the 50 man (including the officer) was captured. Moreover, another reconnaissance group, after knocking out the Germans from the village, seized several machine guns and prisoners. The next day, 77 Germans and 2 machine guns also became trophies of scouts.



We were interested in effective bayonet attacks during battles of various levels - attacks that helped to solve important tasks. We selected the 25 most, in our opinion effective and demonstrative bayonet attacks of the Russian infantry in the First World War - during which tasks of varying degrees of complexity were solved.

1. On the night of 20. 02. 1915, the battle for high. 85 at der. Male Dushe and Vysoka under Lomza hosted a bayonet attack by units of the Life Guard of the 3 Rifle Regiment.

In these battles, the Guards arrows defeated parts of the German 1-th Landwehr and 41-th Infantry Divisions. Summary Bids specifically noted this fact: “on the night of February 20, we knocked out the enemy from a commanding altitude west of the Staviski-Lomza highway, near the village of Karvovo, and captured 7 machine guns” [Year of war from 19 July 1914 g. To 19 July 1915 g. M., 1915. C. 272]. Guards arrows dislodged the enemy from his position, solving an important tactical task.

2. An outstanding military episode, when machine guns and prisoners became trophies of Russian guardsmen, occurred during the battle of 7 - 10 in July of 1915 (we wrote earlier about this fight - see Grenadier height).

The Life Guards Grenadier regiment of His Majesty's regiment withstood the hardest battles at der. Krupets - at a disadvantageous position reflecting the fierce attacks of superior enemy forces, supported by powerful artillery fire. The Germans attacked with alternating attacks of infantry. Key height 209 passed from hand to hand many times, and both sides suffered heavy losses. Guards grenadiers showed mass heroism. Finally, on July 10, the exsanguinated Russian battalions rose in a desperate bayonet attack.



They fought back the height the Germans had captured, advanced into the forest and, overcoming wire barriers, captured the 2 lines of the German trenches. The grenadiers, carrying the battalion, singing the regimental march, continued to lead the battalion's attack — until the next German bullet cut short his life.


Boris Ksaveryevich Sudravsky, holder of the Order of St. George 4 degree and Major General posthumously.

And the remnant of 2-th battalion was commanded by the corporal Rudenko - under his command and the second line of the enemy's trenches was captured. Fight, without exaggeration, was epic - Russian regiment 4 days to repel the attacks of four German regiments (!) - Guards Grenadier Regiment of 2-th Guards Division - 1-of Emperor Alexander, 2-of Emperor Franz, 3-of Queen Elizabeth and 4- th Queen Augusta.

4-multiple superiority in manpower and multiple superiority in artillery did not help the German guard - a bayonet counterattack of the Life Guards Grenadier Regiment allowed to keep a tactically important area on the flank of the division. In the battle of der. Krupets regiment lost killed and wounded to 80% of combat strength - 43 officer and 3000 grenadier (2 man survived in the 12 battalion). Life grenadier trophies - 800 of captured German guards and 10 machine guns.


The 1 Company (His Majesty's Company) of the Life Guards Grenadier Regiment is in full dress. 1913

3. 20. 04. 1915 was distinguished by units of the 4 Army's Grenadier Corps. The enemy began to implement the Gorlitsky breakthrough, but, despite the disastrous fire of enemy artillery, the Russians stubbornly held out. Moreover, they counterattacked. Thus, on the left flank of the 75 Division, part of the 297 Infantry Kovel Regiment, the enemy knocked the enemy out of the trenches with bayonets - inflicting enormous casualties and capturing officers of 9 and above 400 of the lower ranks of the 31 Landowner Regiment [Collection of documents of the world imperialist war on the Russian front (1914 - 1917). Gorlitsky operation. M., 1941. C. 111].

4. During the Battle of Galicia 13. 08. 1914 The Austrian 2 Infantry Regiment of the 16 Division, attempting to cover the left flank of the Russian 121 Infantry Regiment of the 31 Division, received a flank attack from units of the Russian 122 Infantry Regiment. There was a fierce bayonet clash in forest conditions. With a swift attack, the Russians overthrew the Austrians and pursued them to the southern edge of the forest. Many prisoners were captured - including the wounded commander of the 2 regiment [Shafalovich F.P. Headsliding of the 10 Army Corps on the r. Golden Lime 26-29 August 1914 g. M., 1938. C. 49.].

5. And 08. 11. 1914, in the Lodz operation, the brigade of the 10 Infantry Division, during the battle of Tychov-Charnocin-Kalska Wola, managed to capture the 4 German machine gun. Of these, the 3 (operating) machine gun in the battle of the Yuleevsky forest captured the 149 th Infantry Black Sea Regiment of the 38 th division - during a bayonet attack [RGVIA. F. 16180. Op. 1. D. 63. L. 293]. Machine gun crews held to the end and died under the blows of Russian bayonets.

6. An important tactical importance was the bayonet attack during the Third Prasnysh operation - 3 July 1915. Part of the 21 th Turkestan rifle regiment distinguished themselves. His battalions, having formed 4 lines of chains, moved to a tactically important bridge. German cavalry rushed to the attack, trying to stop the Russian - and cut down one and a half companies, but could not stop the Turkestans. The attack was joined by companies of the 5 and 7 Siberian infantry regiments. The onslaught of the Russians was so successful that half of the German 42 Infantry Regiment was partly broken by bayonets, and partially drowned in the river. The Russians captured the bridge, and by 15, the bridgehead was in their hands. [Korolkov G. K. The Prasnysh Battle. July 1915, M.-L., 1928. C. 115.].

7. 28. 08. 1915, advancing north of Tarnopol (near the village of Hlubochek-Velky), the 92 Infantry Pechora regiment broke through enemy defenses. The 2 battalion of the regiment was led to the attack by Lieutenant Colonel F. N. Lebedev. Breaking through the enemy wire barriers, Pechortsevs broke into a German defensive position under enemy dagger fire, and, using bayonets, knocking the Germans out of the trenches, captured the prisoners and the 4 machine gun. Having repulsed the enemy counterattack, the Pechorki entrenched at the dominant height. The next day, the battalion captured the next height - at the village. Anastasovka (capturing another 2 machine gun). And in total, during the battles of 28-29 in August, 2 of German machine guns became trophies of the 92-th battalion of the 8-th regiment [Oleynikov A.V. Captured in battle. Trophies of the Russian army in the First World War. M., 2015. C. 153, 249.].


F.N. Lebedev.

8. And on May 25, 1916, the second lieutenant of the 21 th Turkestan rifle regiment Shmargun, having accepted, after the failure of the commander, the 4 th battalion, led him to Yalovets. Yazlovets was taken during a bayonet battle. At der. Brovary, the enemy stubbornly resisted - the Turkestani went into his flank, shot down with a bayonet and turned into an irregular flight. The Shmargun battalion captured prisoners, 2 machine guns and bomb bombers [From the combat past. C. 328].

9. 15. 08. The 1914 was in the center of the Russian 4 Army, the Austrian 46-I Landward Infantry Division made a breakthrough - but the situation was restored by the bayonet counterattack of the corps reserve battalions, which forced the Austrians to retreat, losing prisoners to 9 [White A. Galicia battle. M.-L., 1929. C. 94].

10. 27. 08. During the Riga operation, 1917 was distinguished by the “death” battalion of the 38 Infantry Division, along with other units, taking possession of the Yudash manor. 5 machine guns and 61 prisoners (from the German 59 and 79 reserve regiments) were captured. Drummers implemented an effective bayonet attack - and the enemy (according to the testimony of prisoners) suffered heavy losses - up to 300 killed [Fomin M. Death Battalion of the 38 Infantry Division // Military Story. 1996. No.8 (137). C. 30].

11. 24. 06. 1915 in the battle of der. Beans proved themselves fighters 3-grenadier Pernovsky regiment. In carrying out the order of the commander N. M. Kiselevsky, the grenadiers had to parry the enemy's breakthrough. Ignoring the superior forces of the enemy, they attacked - and after a fierce bayonet battle, they captured the German trenches. After a few more attacks and repelling violent counterattacks, Pernovtsy defeated the enemy. It is interesting that the Germans deceived (and several times) the Russians by throwing out the white flag and raising their hands, and then shooting the approaching Russian soldiers and officers. As a result, the prisoners were not taken, and almost all of them were from der. Beans Germans in the number of 1200 people were punctured with bayonets. An eyewitness noted 1200 of German corpses and only three prisoners - soldiers of the 217 and 2 soldiers of the 220 of the reserve regiments of the 47 of the reserve division. Most of those killed were pinned down with bayonets. Loss grenadier - about xnumx man (Details about this fight - in one of the nearest articles on HE).

12. 24. 07. 1915 during the defense of the Osovets fortress 3 of the company 226 of the Zemlyansky infantry regiment launched a counterattack - “attack of the dead”. The 13-i company, having emerged from the chemical cloud, overturned the Germans during the bayonet attack, with the support of the 8-th company, having mastered the previously lost 1-m and 2-m combat sectors (mWe wrote earlier about this fight - see 10 facts about "Attack of the Dead").



13. During the Battle of Galicia 20. 08. 1914, under der. Vladislav distinguished himself from His Majesty's Life Guards Preobrazhensky Regiment of the 1 Guards Infantry Division. Transfigurations attacked the 2-th infantry and 37-th driven infantry divisions of the enemy. In fierce battles for the heights of 106 and 119, bayonet battles took place. Moreover, in the course of the battle, the advanced battalions of the Transfiguration, which suffered great losses and reflected the enemy’s counterattack, were rescued by the 4 Battalion - the latter knocked down the Austrians with a bayonet attack. The battle is unique in that the Transfigurations did in this battle without the support of artillery (!), Writing a new page in the glorious history shelf. Under Vladislav, the Preobrazhensky regiment lost 17 officers (including 5 dead) and more than 600 lower ranks (200 of them died). Trophies - 1500 captives and 21 machine gun (we wrote earlier about this fight - see Transfiguration attack without artillery!).


Fight of the Life Guards Preobrazhensky Regiment under Vladislav 20. 08. 1914

In the course of effective bayonet attacks, the Russian infantry captured not only prisoners and machine guns, but also guns and even whole batteries.

25 most effective Russian infantry bayonet attacks in the Great War


14. Indicative is the battle of the company 52 of the Siberian rifle regiment 14. 05. 1915 at the village of Duplice Duzhe. Under the command of Ensign Maslennikov, a company attacked the enemy’s position, surrounded by 3-rows of wire obstacles and, hitting the bayonets, knocked over cover, seizing 4 heavy guns [RGVIA. F. 16180. Op. 1. D. 63. L. 288-288 v.].

15. 28. 05. 1916 The company of the 10 Zaamursky Border Regiment seized heavy weapons. Combat, noticing the current enemy battery, summoned the son of ensign and ordered to destroy the enemy. Gunners and infantry cover the battery tried to escape - but the people of Zaumur were hit with bayonets, seizing four 150-millimeter guns with calculations, as well as 150 of the infantry company of the cover company (we previously wrote about this episode - see Ensign of the Southwestern Front).

16. 01. 06. 1915 in the battle on the Dniester near the village. Roguzno distinguished 64 th Kazan Infantry Regiment [RGVIA. F. 16180. Op. 1. D. 63. L. 112-113.]. Having attacked the German positions under the strongest fire of all kinds weapons, Kazan bayonets knocked the enemy out of the trenches and captured the 3 machine gun. In the village the bayonet battle again turned around - as a result, the Prussian guardsmen could not withstand the onslaught of the Kazan men and ran. On the shoulders of the Germans, the Russian fighters reached the shooters to the last German battery, which was captured. Were crushed and the reserves of the enemy. 4 guns, 6 machine guns, as well as 14 officers and 508 lower ranks of the Germans became trophies of Kazan.

17. 11. 10. 1914 during the Warsaw-Ivangorod operation of the 94 Infantry Regiment of the Yenisei 24 Infantry Division of the 1 Corps during a bayonet attack at Kazimierz seized 8 guns and 4 German guns [Collection of documents of the world imperialist war on the Russian front (1914 — 1917). Warsaw-Ivangorod operation. M., 1938. C. 288.]. The 93 Infantry Regiment of Irkutsk regiment seized 6 guns and 2 machine guns [RGVIA. F. 16180. Op. 1. D. 63. L. 106]. The bitterness of the bayonet battle, during which the Germans tried to defend three of their batteries, is evidenced by the defeat of 2's regimental commanders — the commander of the 93 regiment was seriously wounded and the commander of the 94 was injured of the first regiment Colonel Zavarzin.

18. Also in the Warsaw-Ivangorod operation in the morning 20. 10. 1914 d. 18-Infantry Division during a successful bayonet attack at Vlosotov-Lipnik captured 3 guns and 1 machine gun [Collection of documents. Warsaw-Ivangorod operation. C. 415.].

19. During the Battle of Galicia 15. 08. 1914. The 169 Infantry Regiment of the Novo-Troksky Regiment of the 43 Division after a bayonet attack captured 2 howitzers and 4 guns [RGVIA. F. 16180. D. 63. L. 75.].



20. And 26. 08. 1914, the enemy batteries at Wojciechova captured Guards Rifle Brigade. One was captured by the arrows of the Life Guard 1 Infantry Regiment of His Majesty. Headquarters captain A. A. Ragozin became a knight of the Order of St. George 4 degree for having knocked out the enemy from his trenches, he swiftly attacked the 4's gun battery, which was behind the trenches and captured it - the gunmen who had fired until the last calculations were overloaded with bayonets [Annals of the 1914 War - 15's. No. 44 of. C. 85.]. And the 6 gun howitzer battery was captured (by removing the guns and keeping them until the main forces approached) the soldiers of the lieutenant of the Life Guards of the 2 Infantry Regiment of Tsarskoye Selo B. Ya. Dobrovolsky. The calculations were destroyed by bayonets. In total this day the Guards rifle brigade captured 20 guns and 2 machine guns [Oleynikov A.V. Captured in battle. C. 214.].

21. At the very beginning of the Lublin-Kholmsk defensive operation - 09. 07. During the battle of Maydan-Khut, the 1915 Infantry Regiment of the Gori 202 Division, 51 managed to achieve outstanding combat success by destroying the German batteries at once during the bayonet attack of 2 (we wrote about this earlier - see Guns taken on a bayonet).

The chains of the gorytsevs were moving under strong rifle, machine-gun and artillery fire. Russian captured der. Maidan-Khut, but suffered significant losses. And the enemy's artillery fire increased - heavy joined the light battery. Having overcome the fire and knocked down the Germans from the edge of the grove, the Gorians stubbornly moved forward. The 4 Company attacked a German company, entrenched on the eastern edge of the forest and firing fire on the battle formations of the 1 Battalion. The German company was partially slaughtered with bayonets, partially captured, and partially fled. The 1 and 3 battalions dislodged the enemy from the dugouts of the main defensive position - most of the German soldiers were captured. Entering the regimental reserve into battle allowed the enemy to break the resistance - after a cross-bayonet strike, the resistance of the Germans in the former Russian trenches ceased. The enemy soldiers who survived the bayonet fled to Wojslavice, pursued by fire.

At that moment, German batteries, which were located on the sides of the road on Voyslavitsa, fell under the bayonet attack of the Gorytsevs. Most of the calculations were destroyed, and the harnesses and guns captured.

The Maidan-Khut Gori regiment lost 667 people (100 killed and 567 wounded). German casualties - more than 1000 people (including over 500 corpses left on the battlefield). Russian trophies - 6 guns, 3 machine guns, a car and about 200 prisoners (from the 35 th and 25 th reserve, as well as the 4 th infantry divisions of the Beskyd corps).

Surpassing the attacking Russians by more than 4 times in manpower, supported by powerful artillery fire (while Russian artillery was silent due to a shortage of shells), the Germans were utterly defeated - and suffered heavy losses. The indecisive actions of the neighbors did not allow this remarkable tactical success to be developed, striking Voyslawitz - it was there that the surviving German soldiers fled in panic.


Trophy German guns.

22. A unique case occurred on the night of 18. 09. 1915. The 26 Infantry Regiment of the Mogilev Regiment of the 7 Division of the 5 Corps forced the r. Naroch, and during the bayonet attack from the rear captured 14 German guns. Moreover, part of the captured guns was immediately used against the enemy [Oleynikov A.V. Captured in battle. C. 248].



Finally, bayonet attacks were also of paramount operational importance - reflecting on the fate of entire operations.

23. Thus, in the Warsaw-Ivangorod operation of 4, October 1914, part of the 2-th army, in the stubborn battles of Prutkov and Rakitno conducted a series of bayonet attacks. Reflecting the blow of the Germans, the Russians moved forward - knocking the Germans out of their positions with bayonets. The most important task was solved - the necessary space was won for the deployment of the 5 Army which was forwarded through the Vistula [Collection of documents. Warsaw-Ivangorod operation. C. 276.].

24. And in the course of the Vilna strategic defensive operation, the battle for Vileika was a turning point. Only 14 Corps 10 September 1915 g. 20 captured enemy guns. The participant of these fights D.V. Balanin, describing the Russian trophies, explained the relatively small number of prisoners captured in Vileyka proper (about 200 people) by the bitterness of the bayonet street fight - the mass of Germans was jabbed with bayonets [Balanin D.V. Vileyka. (Fight 10 September 1915 of the year) // Military collection. 1916. No. 10. C. 51.].

The capture of Vileyka laid a solid foundation for the liquidation of the Sventsiansky breakthrough - on which the Germans had placed such great hopes.



25. And, finally, the most ambitious result - the result of the famous bayonet attack from Tarnavka.

26. 08. 1914, after dark, the Moscow Life Guards regiment, attacking the heights at Tarnavka, overthrew the Germans and Austrians. With the support of the Guards grenadiers and Caucasians, he solved the most important task. German military escort and gun crews were destroyed during a bayonet attack. Moreover, the calculations of the guns and machine guns of the enemy, defended to the last, were jabbed. Despite the counterattacks of the Germans, the enemy was unable to restore the situation and return the strategically important position - the Russians not only repulsed the attacks, but also counterattacked. The German 4-Land Landing Division of the Silesian Land Guard Corps remained without artillery.

The breakthrough at Tarnavka provided the Russian 4 Army with the most important advantage and opportunity for success. And the 4-I landver division, which suffered major losses, began to retreat in disarray.

The 26-27 of August, the Life Guards Moscow Regiment lost more than 3200, and the Life Guards Grenadier Regiment lost more than 2500 people.

N. M. Kiselevsky reports that more than 1200 people were captured only in his combat area [The retinues of His Majesty, Major General Kiselevsky. Relation of the commander of the 1-th brigade of the 2-th Guards Infantry Division about the battles of 25, 26 and 27 of August 1915, // Tarnavka. Bulletin of the Moscow Life Regiment Life Guards. 1964. C. 11.]. According to the August 26 rates, 3000 were captured, and on August 27, even more 500 people were captured [Year of war from July 19 1914 to July 19 1915 G. 75 C.].

Trophies - 42 Austro-German guns (only the 6-gun 1-th battery of the German 11-th artillery regiment left) - all guns were safely evacuated. Several machine guns were captured.

Germans acknowledge the loss of 26 guns, reporting that only 4 was saved [Bulletin with. 26.]. Part of the captured guns - Austrian (confirms this and the fact that the 2 captured guns were mountain) - from the 5 corps.

The breakthrough of the Austro-German front at Tarnavka had the most important operational and strategic consequences - the right flank of the Austrian 1 Army and the German corps were defeated, starting a withdrawal. He escalated into a retreat along the entire front of the Russian 4 Army.

In total, during these battles, the Russians captured up to 5000 prisoners [White A. Galicia battle. C. 311.] - Up to half of them are Germans. The Silesian Landwer Corps lost more than 3 people during 8000 days (incl. To 7000 people in the 4-nd Landwork Division defeated at Tarnavka) [Reichsarchiv. Der Weltkrieg 1914 - 1918. Bd 2. Berlin, 1925. S. 334].

Thus, we see that during the First World War, the Russian infantry managed to achieve serious tactical (and even operational) results during the bayonet attacks and capture large-scale trophies.

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  1. Vard
    Vard April 4 2018 04: 52
    +1
    A little detail ... A bayonet strike is best applied to the face ... When you hit the stomach, the muscles contract reflexively and the bayonet gets stuck ...
    1. Cheburator
      Cheburator April 4 2018 06: 32
      +19
      The blow can be applied to the chest or throat
      1. Vladimir 5
        Vladimir 5 April 4 2018 20: 26
        0
        You are not on computer shooters to aim with a bayonet in the throat, God forbid, they reach the nearest one on time, until they reach you with a bayonet, and often with a bullet, because a bayonet is a dump without even rows and rules ...
        With the advent of magazine rifles, the bayonet attack became overly damaging in terms of losses and it is possible to use it only in exceptional cases - unexpected close encounters in night and other conditions. The Germans, prudent and masters of military affairs, always avoided bayonet attacks, saving soldiers. In the Russian army, soldiers were less cared for, and especially in the Red Army, setting the task as the main task, we recall the Zhukov’s repeated frontal attacks with bayonets at the ready defense and thousands of casualties .. Only in such bayonet attacks do you have to pay tribute to the courage and dedication of the Russian soldier .. This was mentioned in memoirs by our former opponents.
        1. Xnumx vis
          Xnumx vis April 4 2018 22: 32
          +4
          A bayonet attack also has its own subtleties. My grandfather fought in World War I. Samsonov's army. I remember, he was telling my father that in a bayonet battle there is a main fighter - Drummer and two reflective soldiers covering the fighter. There was also a whole art of bayonet fighting.
        2. Cheburator
          Cheburator April 5 2018 06: 40
          +18
          You are not on computer shooters to aim with a bayonet in the throat, God forbid, they reach the nearest one on time, until you get a bayonet, and often a bullet, because a bayonet is a dump without even rows and rules

          Zdraste
          So there was such a training bayonet. 1907. Then reprinted.
          Before discussing, read how the bayonet fighting technique was developed. What were the techniques. Where the blows were delivered.
          Here from there.

          And the article shows that no,
          the bayonet attack has become overwhelming in terms of losses and can only be used in exceptional cases - unexpected close encounters in night and other conditions.

          A bayonet attack was used in all conditions. And even the Germans and the Austrians.
          And basically the Russian bayonets were successful - the soldiers were well trained, and the natural qualities of the latter led to the results indicated in the article.
          1. kipage
            kipage April 5 2018 06: 43
            +16
            Yes, reasoning
            Vladimir
            With the advent of magazine rifles, the bayonet attack became overly damaging in terms of losses and it is possible to use it only in exceptional cases - unexpected close encounters in night and other conditions. The Germans, prudent and masters of military affairs, always avoided bayonet attacks, saving soldiers. In the Russian army, soldiers were less cared for, and in the Red Army, and all the more, setting the task as the main one, let us recall Zhukov’s repeated frontal attacks with bayonets at the ready for equipped defense and thousands of losses

            bare theory and beyond reality.
            1. Cheburator
              Cheburator April 5 2018 06: 53
              +18
              I really liked it
              The Germans, prudent and masters of military affairs, always avoided bayonet attacks, saving soldiers.

              They are so good and prudent.
              Yes, only the article begins with the recollection of an eyewitness:
              fresh crowds of brutalized Germans "rushed forward - and now, intoxicated by the pouring blood, with distorted faces, people stab and cut each other. A bayonet battle unfolded in an oak forest

              Yes, you can give another million examples of German and Austrian bayonet attacks. The war was general, it seemed that they fought.
              1. Vladimir 5
                Vladimir 5 April 8 2018 22: 11
                -1
                "The truth dies with the first shot of the war." And count newspaper newspaper for the people
                from the "eyewitnesses" about the war as a source of information, naively. Here it’s better to compare statistics, my dear ... For lovers of pictures about the right bayonet techniques, I remind you, the bayonet attack is in a quick movement toward rapprochement, when you stop, you become a target, and you’ll attack the picture from the rack, and the enemy won’t wait, if it’s on the left, you can still screw it with a bayonet, and if on the right, turn around on the spot ?, - pictures for illiterate soldiers for confidence in battle and skills to stab with a bayonet ... The reality of bayonet attacks Glavpur and other Glavlit including the "imperial censor" they didn’t let us through, but today there are no living witnesses left, that’s all rubbish can be subtracted ...
                1. Albatroz
                  Albatroz April 9 2018 05: 24
                  +1
                  The realities of bayonet attacks Glavpur and other Glavlit including the "imperial censor" did not pass, and today there are no living witnesses, that’s all rubbish can be subtracted

                  The reality of bayonet attacks is enshrined in documents and eyewitness accounts.
                  These are the FACTS. In contrast to the arguments of modern theorists trying to cast a shadow on the wattle fence.
                  1. 97110
                    97110 April 27 2018 19: 37
                    0
                    Quote: Albatroz
                    The reality of bayonet attacks is enshrined in documents and eyewitness accounts.
                    Here is a fixed reality for you:
                    a bayonet attack of units of the Life Guards of the 3rd Rifle Regiment took place.
                    Explain what parts there are in the regiment. It is clear that the author animated without measure. It is impossible to call each unit a part.
                2. 4thParasinok
                  4thParasinok April 23 2018 22: 53
                  0
                  Quote: Vladimir 5
                  For lovers of pictures about the right bayonet techniques, I remind you

                  even in theory, you are not familiar with teaching methods. The brochures are intended only for the basic development of bayonet fencing, which even hosted all-Russian competitions. These are benefits to help, not a replacement for the coach.
                  By the way, the Chinese during the boxing uprising were surprised that the Bizi Europeans were not only a bayonet, but also a butt and a forged boot. At the same time, they hit the jaw with a boot — at that time, the Chinese believed that you should not be naked above the waist because the leg would not have enough speed. This is about theory and reality.
                  1. Serge72
                    Serge72 April 28 2018 09: 16
                    +15
                    which even hosted all-Russian competitions. These are benefits to help, not a replacement for the coach.

                    get involved
                    the instructions were intended for real combat training of soldiers (in the then training, if I may say so), and not for
                    All-Russian competitions to help the coach
          2. 4thParasinok
            4thParasinok April 23 2018 22: 40
            0
            Quote: Cheburator
            And the article shows that no,
            the bayonet attack has become overwhelming in terms of losses and can only be used in exceptional cases - unexpected close encounters in night and other conditions.

            the article was written by Anglo-Saxon, this is understandable by its name: "The Great War." This is precisely their name of the First World War. Personally, I didn’t even read after such a name, for it is immediately clear that there will be a bunch of feces.
            1. Cheburator
              Cheburator April 28 2018 08: 47
              +15
              A bunch of feces are like comments like
              the article was written by Anglo-Saxon, this is understandable by its name: "The Great War." This is precisely their name of the First World War. Personally, I didn’t even read after such a name, for it is immediately clear that there will be a bunch of feces.

              The Great War - this name was also found in Russia.
              Personally, I didn’t even read after such a name

              And how can you comment on what you are not reading?
              Because comment and a lot of feces.
              And the article is a very high-quality material based on documents.
              1. Serge72
                Serge72 April 28 2018 09: 14
                +15
                You Cheburator are right in everything
                as well as the 4th piglet drives snowstorm too in everything
                for example
                the article was written by Anglo-Saxon, this is understandable by its name: "The Great War." This is precisely their name of the First World War.

                Here it is, our book from the time of that war. Published in Russia and called the Great

                this is typical now - when the ignorant piglets categorically judge what they have no idea about. What to do, the level drops and education is replaced by propaganda.
                1. Cheburator
                  Cheburator April 28 2018 16: 48
                  +15
                  You're right
                  Irresponsible talkers grab
                  Here, too, from the category of the Great War.
                  This is relatively modern, 10 years as published. A gorgeous thing on an archive base.
                2. 4thParasinok
                  4thParasinok 10 June 2018 18: 47
                  0
                  Quote: Serge72
                  Here it is, our book from the time of that war. Published in Russia and called the Great
                  and think that this article was written much later than in 1045, and not enough in 1916? It seems just soaked ...
                  Here, too, from the category of the Great War.
                  This is relatively modern, 10 years as published. A gorgeous thing on an archive base.
                  Well, yes, they turn out to be in Russia who don’t know that in the history of the country there were several “great wars”. Here it is the true result of EG or the reprint of a foreign book, the second is not given ....
                  1. Serge72
                    Serge72 13 June 2018 21: 57
                    0
                    and think that this article was written much later than in 1045, and not in 1916 enough? It seems just soaked

                    Maybe you are drunk?
                    And the book is a photo album published on the basis of archival data in 2007.
                    PMV really was GREAT. No offense to others
    2. Andy
      Andy April 4 2018 13: 22
      0
      what is the difference between a bayonet or not, if intestines are wound around it. goal to kill the enemy achieved
      1. Proxima
        Proxima April 4 2018 14: 13
        +3
        Quote: Andy
        what is the difference between a bayonet or not, if intestines are wound around it. goal to kill the enemy achieved
        . I immediately recall the words of a woman of a veteran of the Great Patriotic War, she served as a signalman. Near Stalingrad, she witnessed a hand-to-hand fight - “it’s very scary to watch when a person turns into a beast ..”
      2. RelictEmpire
        RelictEmpire April 4 2018 15: 02
        +1
        Well ... in principle, if you reason logically, then there may be several opponents.
      3. ZIS
        ZIS April 5 2018 11: 18
        0
        One enemy is killed, and against the next you are unarmed.
      4. 97110
        97110 April 27 2018 19: 44
        0
        Quote: Andy
        goal to kill the enemy achieved

        Are you there with nat like not one, but you promised ALL Russians to kill? Why do you consider it sufficient to kill only one? Trust the rest of the Bulgarians?
    3. RelictEmpire
      RelictEmpire April 4 2018 14: 58
      +1
      Especially tetrahedral, with a three-ruler ...
  2. heavy division
    heavy division April 4 2018 06: 02
    +6
    Archinteresting!
    And very revealing. How much can be done during bayonet attacks, even in the era of fire wars. The main thing is a tactically competent choice of the situation, coherence and decisiveness of actions, the courage of soldiers and officers
    1. Cheburator
      Cheburator April 4 2018 06: 29
      +18
      And very revealing. How much can be done during bayonet attacks, even in the era of fire wars. The main thing is a tactically competent choice of the situation, coherence and decisiveness of actions, the courage of soldiers and officers

      You are absolutely right!
      And a good answer to those who believe that a bayonet attack in this era has sunk into oblivion.
      The above examples show that Russian troops still often suffered less losses than the enemy.
      It is important to correctly approach the situation and apply a bayonet strike to the place and at the right time.
      1. Bouncer
        Bouncer April 4 2018 06: 38
        +19
        a good answer to those who believe that a bayonet attack in this era has sunk into oblivion.

        I agree.
        By the way.
        Optional to count
        bayonet attack in close formation lot of brave men going to death

        A bayonet attack does not have to go in close formation. The attack could be carried out by the usual chain, which closed immediately before the bayonet throw.
        1. kipage
          kipage April 4 2018 07: 03
          +19
          in close formation

          You wrote to the bottom comment. All is correct.
          Yes, I also noticed.
          Indeed, a bayonet attack is sometimes perceived as a movement in closed rows.
          And this is not true. The attack was carried out in conventional infantry formations, which were condensed only before the throw.
          Or generally in any form

          or as

          And this testifies to the excellent tactical training of the Russian infantry
        2. Nikolaevich I
          Nikolaevich I April 4 2018 10: 55
          +3
          A bayonet attack with a closed formation was carried out, for example, as a counterattack against a bayonet attack of the enemy, against an enemy that has weak fire resistance ... A bayonet attack with a closed formation is like a fist strike against a strike with "spread fingers".
          1. kipage
            kipage April 4 2018 11: 30
            +19
            A bayonet attack with a closed formation was carried out, for example, as a counterattack against a bayonet attack of the enemy, against an enemy who has weak fire resistance

            That yes
            Well, in normal field battle conditions, the usual battle order was used - in the form of chains (from the 1916 of the year - waves of chains), which was condensed before a bayonet throw.
            1. Nikolaevich I
              Nikolaevich I April 4 2018 12: 29
              +2
              Quote: squeeze
              Well, in normal field battle conditions, the usual battle order was used - in the form of chains (from the 1916 of the year - waves of chains), which was condensed before a bayonet throw.

              I agree ! hi
    2. 97110
      97110 April 27 2018 19: 55
      0
      Quote: Heavy Division
      The main thing -

      new women give birth. The results of bayonet attacks, especially in 1915, are now attributed to the Bolsheviks. There is no Empire with its heroic army, ended, swept away by the fire of heavy artillery and machine guns, hung on the wire. A year before the victory, they decided that enough was enough. Not the Bolsheviks were not prepared for the Great War, but the gentlemen in power in the Russian Empire, mainly with German surnames.
      1. Cheburator
        Cheburator April 28 2018 08: 51
        +15
        There is no Empire with its heroic army

        Yes unfortunately
        ended, swept away by the fire of heavy artillery and machine guns, hung on a wire.

        Bayonet attacks were practiced by the Austro-Germans. And also hung on the wire.
        Only in a bayonet attack didn’t they go to the wire — they used to be used when the situation was maneuvering war.
        A year before the victory, they decided that enough was enough.

        Gentlemen with Jewish surnames decided to go straight from their Austro-German curators to the Kremlin. They destroyed the army with the help of democratization - what kind of war ...
        1. 97110
          97110 April 28 2018 10: 51
          0
          Quote: Cheburator
          They destroyed the army with the help of democratization - what kind of war ...

          All Lenin’s pennies do not stand before his greatness in such an important matter as the pumping of the Empire. Lenin put a guard on the Stokhod? Lenin left the army without rifles, shells and ammunition in 1915? Lenin sent expeditionary forces to France, to Thessaloniki sent? Do not push, your arguments mean nothing but the desire to become noble and face the lower ranks. Without nobleness with Lenin they stood up against the whole world twice and rose into space.
          1. Cheburator
            Cheburator April 28 2018 13: 33
            +15
            Yes, Denikin wrote: Leninists were already wound up like worms in the wounds opened by the Provisional Prospect.
            With all the Stokhods and with the obsolete (by the way) shell hunger - they would have won before the Victory, 8 months were left without the Lenin.
            And thank God would rise into space - progress does not stand still and without the lazy
            1. Cheburator
              Cheburator April 28 2018 14: 03
              +15
              Americans flew without the Lenin into space - and nothing. But besides space, they have an economy 20 times larger than ours (although in the beginning of the 20th century they went nose to nose) - and without revolutions.
              And we adherents of the doctrine of Marxism-Leninism (brought up in those years) ultimately built the most ... oligarchic and thieving society in the world. Top 2018))
              That is what they ultimately came to - and it turned out to be much more realistic than building communism. Well, why was it that putting so many people in the name of a mythically bright idea? And so would have evolved, thank God good
              1. 97110
                97110 April 28 2018 15: 56
                0
                Quote: Cheburator
                And so would have evolved, thank God

                And to think, how would they have evolved, not fate? All sorts of Kerensky would have been dragged by Russia on behalf of ... Yes, this is not the main thing for you: to sing a song that evolution is possible without the expropriation of expropriators. Maybe you really don’t understand where this evolution leads ?. Could for your joy push the natives of North America into the next world and take an honorable place there. And now we can, under the leadership of domestic (?) Capitalists ...
                1. Cheburator
                  Cheburator April 28 2018 16: 46
                  +15
                  All sorts of Kerensky would be pulled by Russia on behalf

                  Yes, far from a fact
                  And the evolution of evolution is strife. Kerensky would be replaced by others, not necessarily red-brown.
                  And now they’ve dragged it like that. And how else they will pull it away - God forbid to see
  3. svp67
    svp67 April 4 2018 06: 11
    +6
    Rapid field artillery, and especially machine guns, made a bayonet attack in close formation, destiny of the brave men going to death. It was not for nothing that our Life Guards regiments were virtually completely bloodless and the empire lost its Guards infantry.
    1. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh April 4 2018 20: 06
      +2
      The bayonet attack is nonsense in the 20th century and (and in the second half of the 19th too). Justification could only serve as unprotected. And usually soldiers who were not trained to shoot were taken to the bayonet.
      Of the 100 bayonets, approximately 99 ended in the defeat of the attackers, one successful.
      The Americans in the war for independence against the British have already switched to a loose formation with a mark firing without bayonets. And then the appearance of rifles with charging from the breech buried bayonet attacks. Whoever shoots accurately and quickly and is equipped with cartridges does not need a bayonet. Melee were a rare exception, again, when the cartridges ran out.
      1. kipage
        kipage April 4 2018 20: 29
        +17
        Well, as combat experience shows
        Bayonet attacks were successful and yielded important results. On the contrary - in 99% of cases they are successful. The numbers, I think, speak for themselves.
        By the way, when I personally shoveled documents in the archives - there are mass cases of bayonet attacks, and in the presence of cartridges)
        Moreover, the “Manual for infantry operations in battle” defined ATAKU as: “Movement for striking at bayonets”.
        So contrary to stereotypes - it was, it was massive and effective.
        1. voyaka uh
          voyaka uh April 5 2018 00: 05
          +2
          ". On the contrary - in 99% of cases successful." ////

          For enemy machine gunners ... sad

          "Moreover, the" Manual for infantry operations in battle "defined ATAKU as:" Movement for striking with hostility. "" ////

          For the time of the Battle of Borodino, such an instruction would be relevant. At the end of the 19th century, the absurdity of old cabinet generals was already absurd.
          1. kipage
            kipage April 5 2018 06: 07
            +18
            What went wrong one and the same?
            Everything depended on the situation.
            You are given cases when the Russian infantry captured these machine guns with a bayonet strike. Or is abstract reasoning more important than reality?
            And the charters were revised during the war, taking into account combat experience. And the old cabinet people have nothing to do with it. All this was relevant and applicable.
            I can put you here a page from an archive document with reports on the exploits of officers - and you can calculate how many times the phrase “bayonet strike” is repeated on one page.
            Would you like a look?
            1. Cheburator
              Cheburator April 5 2018 06: 31
              +18
              kipage, from experience
              The main thing for many in VO (I mean many nicknames, not people) is that history matches their views, and not vice versa. This is the first.
              Would you like a look?
              This is of little interest to anyone, despite talk of cognition and mutual enrichment. No one answers this.
              Thirdly, our Israeli friend, criticizing the instructions, will not understand the main thing.
              "The instruction for infantry actions in battle" and defined ATAKU as: "Movement for striking at bayonets"

              All right.
              There is an offensive, let's say rifle chains - as usual.
              Should infantry move forward? Must.
              In any case, under fire, it doesn’t matter if the bayonets are attached to the rifles or not.
              The attack thank God did not choke and the infantry approached the enemy. What should she do in this situation? Pat the heads of the defenders? Of course not. Here you can shoot at point blank range, hit with a butt or bayonet. The well-developed bayonet strike is often often more effective in close combat.
              And how to repulse an enemy attack if the enemy is approaching? Fortunately, the rifle has both a barrel and a bayonet.
              So I don’t see any problems.
              All correctly noted the charters, and life has shown that they are right. Unlike the current, as they say, sofa theoreticians. Only now modern - it doesn’t matter from Russia or Israel.
              1. kipage
                kipage April 5 2018 08: 22
                +15
                All correctly noted the charters, and life has shown that they are right.

                Definitely
                voyaka uh (Alexey) Today, 00:05 ↑
                ". On the contrary - in 99% of cases successful." ////
                For enemy machine gunners ... sad
                "Moreover, the" Manual for infantry operations in battle "defined ATAKU as:" Movement for striking with hostility. "" ////
                For the time of the Battle of Borodino, such an instruction would be relevant. At the end of the 19th century, the absurdity of old cabinet generals was already absurd.

                All that remains to be said about this is what to do, with a vague idea of ​​the tactics of infantry actions of those years and not familiarity with the practice of military operations (that is, with real documents and memoirs of front-line soldiers), it remains to fantasize, applying the concepts and experience of the 21st century to events a hundred years ago.
                1. Bouncer
                  Bouncer April 5 2018 11: 18
                  +17
                  There is such a thing.
                  In the eyes of a layman in the history of WWI, a bayonet attack is a dense infantry “box” that goes in orderly rows, being trimmed under machine gun fire. As shown in the movie "Chapaev." laughing
                  But the picture was completely different in the WWII.
                  Something like that. Mobile warfare. One infantry unit took up defense in the field type trenches, the other is preparing to advance.
                  Before the offensive, artillery fires at the positions of the defender. Those do not want to leave, and that’s it.
                  The advancing infantry fires from rifles and machine guns at the trenches of the defender. Those do not leave, hold on.
                  What to do? This is where the throw ahead is needed. The advancing infantry is moving forward - in rare chains or waves, under the cover of machine gun fire, periodically lying down and firing its own small arms.
                  The trenches of the defender are visible. The attackers are grouped and strike with a bayonet - breaking into the trenches.
                  If the enemy is knocked out - it is necessary to withstand a counterattack - reflecting them with fire. But if the enemy draws closer, the bayonet will come in handy again.
                  Such was the general picture of the bayonet attack. There were special cases - sudden attacks, nightly, when the batteries were captured, etc.
                  About what losses were incurred, can be seen from the article:
                  At Maidan-Khut, the Gori regiment lost 667 people (100 killed and 567 wounded). German losses - more than 1000 people (including over 500 corpses left on the battlefield).
                  But the Gorians also overcame enemy machine-gun and rifle fire. If you click on the link - the battle is reconstructed in detail.
                  Or a battle at the village. Beans -
                  1200 Germanic corpses. Most of the dead were stabbed with bayonets. Grenadier losses - about 700 people

                  This is what a competent bayonet battle of trained infantry is in tactically adequate conditions.
                2. 97110
                  97110 April 27 2018 20: 10
                  0
                  Quote: squeeze
                  and not familiarity with the practice of military operations (that is, with real documents and memories of war veterans)

                  From the memories of my grandfather. The Germans fell into the boiler, so they pulled out "at any cost." This is 44 years old, the area of ​​Lake Vyrts-järv. Two days out of 4 Matylda tanks were shot by Germans (how about German frugality?), Who were fired on machine guns. When they finished, they didn’t remember about the bayonets, they used faust cartridges.
              2. 4thParasinok
                4thParasinok April 23 2018 23: 06
                0
                Quote: Cheburator
                And how to repulse an enemy attack if the enemy is approaching? Fortunately, the rifle has both a barrel and a bayonet.

                in this case, in Israel, it seems that it is supposed to leave its positions for deployment at new lines of defense ...
                1. 97110
                  97110 April 27 2018 20: 17
                  0
                  Quote: 4-th Paradise
                  in this case, in israel

                  From the WWI, the memories of grandmother uncles (as I, a kid, I remember from the babyn stories): We are sitting in a trench. The Germans went on the attack. We are palm-burning and ticking. The Germans climbed into our trenches and let's shoot in the back.
            2. voyaka uh
              voyaka uh April 5 2018 19: 42
              0
              It is better to find statistics on how many of the bayonets there were injuries of their own soldiers.
              When, getting out of the trench, slipping or jumping into the enemy trench with a bayonet, they pricked inadvertently in front of a comrade who was walking. There was an article about this. The losses are decent. Therefore, in all armies where soldiers were taught to shoot decently, the bayonet was removed.
              As not only useless, but also dangerous for comrades.
              And in the majority of the described "bayonets", bayonets simply finished off the soldiers lying wounded by bullets on the ground.
              1. Bouncer
                Bouncer April 5 2018 20: 39
                +16
                Therefore, in all armies where soldiers were taught to shoot decently, the bayonet was removed.

                It does not interfere. The bayonet can be removed, then again join. RIA personnel infantry shot perfectly. A cadre Russian soldier could hit any target within six hundred paces with one or two shots. Participants in the Battle of Galicia noted that the proportion of officers among surrendered Austrians was low - "they were all knocked out by our arrows."
                Or K. Popov wrote: “The Germans lay down from the 7th company at 40 paces, I myself subsequently accurately measured this distance. And against 5 and 8 companies, the distance did not exceed 200 paces. Such a close distance with the training of troops in shooting, which distinguished personnel the troops literally didn’t allow a careless movement. Only the tip of the helmet showed, and the Germans were terribly brave as a bullet pierced him. The same thing happened with our gapeous grenadiers. "

                And in the majority of the described "bayonets", bayonets simply finished off the soldiers lying wounded by bullets on the ground.

                But not his own. Not a single document contains an indication of such barbarism.
                1. 4thParasinok
                  4thParasinok April 23 2018 23: 20
                  0
                  Quote: Bouncer
                  The bayonet can be removed, then again join.

                  it is possible, but the fact is that the rifle was shooting with a bayonet, accuracy was falling without a bayonet, and therefore the bayonet was always fastened during the battle.
                  And at the expense of the "developed countries", the Duck Angles even made bayonets against Stan, not at all, but they did. But the Americans simply did not study a full-fledged bayonet battle, therefore they did not fasten the bayonet either, they simply were not trained. That’s why they came up with different "trench knives" and armed part of the infantry with shotguns ... I forgot to add that even during the American Civil War, the cavalry of the northerners often did not have sabers because they were not trained in cutting. But in Israel for some reason they don’t know ...
                2. 97110
                  97110 April 28 2018 10: 57
                  0
                  Quote: Bouncer
                  The bayonet can be removed

                  and? Where to put it? Wear in a fist? In the case of the three-ruler, clearly.
      2. Antokha NN
        Antokha NN April 5 2018 14: 02
        +4
        And yet, bayonet and melee notches were a constant occurrence in the WWII and WWII. What can I say, even in the second Chechen there were cases with melee. Remember at least the well-known company. One of the survivors gave an interview (if you don’t find it on YouTube, I can search it), where he talked about the fact that in that battle they several times converged with militants in hand-to-hand combat. Of course, today this is not a rule, but an exception to the rule, but nevertheless, this happens even in modern warfare and one must be prepared for this.
      3. Stiletto_711
        Stiletto_711 April 7 2018 18: 05
        +1
        Quote: voyaka uh
        Of the 100 bayonets, approximately 99 ended in the defeat of the attackers, one successful.

        You studied at some special courses, so confidently utter complete nonsense? what
  4. Olgovich
    Olgovich April 4 2018 06: 26
    +8
    SO could only fight for their homeland in World War II.
    President of Russia about WOW: "Glory to the Russian weapons and our soldier - Hero",
  5. Bouncer
    Bouncer April 4 2018 06: 39
    +22
    Strong and reasoned article
    Respect to the author!
  6. DimanC
    DimanC April 4 2018 07: 42
    +3
    Strong. There is only one caveat: the overwhelming majority of bayonet attacks cited here fell on the period 1914 - 1915 ...
    1. XII Legion
      XII Legion April 4 2018 08: 10
      +21
      There is only one caveat: the overwhelming majority of bayonet attacks cited here fell on the period 1914 - 1915

      That's right, as the author noted at the beginning of the articles
      Bayonet attacks were practiced en masse - especially at the stage of maneuver war

      However, if you look at the documents devoted to the fighting in the spring and summer of 1916, then they abound with bayonet attacks by the Russian troops. As soon as the positional defense of the Austro-Germans was breached and a maneuver war again temporarily began.
      However, during positional battles, if the opponents approached, bayonet battles often also arrived - when the attackers broke into the trenches or when the defenders knocked out of the trenches tried to return them with counterattacks.
      1. DimanC
        DimanC April 4 2018 15: 49
        +2
        Yes, in fact, we were also taught (the beginning of the 2000s) that an attack could easily end with hand-to-hand fighting at enemy positions. Which, incidentally, also happened in Syria. Moreover, it was with our guys that there were repeatedly such reports. In the age of remote warfare, few are capable of this.
  7. XII Legion
    XII Legion April 4 2018 08: 15
    +21
    Russian infantry captured both quick-fire artillery and machine guns - which tried to dominate the battlefield.
    And the fact that often in the course of bayonet attacks, Russian troops inflicted greater losses on the enemy than they themselves suffered and achieved serious results in a short time, indicates that bayonet attacks were at that time an effective combat technique.
    Thank you!
    1. DimanC
      DimanC April 4 2018 15: 47
      +3
      Here I recalled the famous assaults of fortresses by Russian troops or successful attacks and thought the following: Russians can create such a massive onslaught, all at once. And let the front lines fall, but, firstly, they will stun the enemy, and secondly, they will sweep away the first, most important line of defense. And only then the enemy, albeit more numerous, but already noticeably disorganized, can be finished off in pieces and in separate groups. A classic example is the assault of Izmail: the first assault columns lost up to 2/3 of the personnel, but they were able to ensure dominance over the fortifications of the Turks and the passage of the rest of the units. As a result, the seemingly catastrophic losses of the first ranks are almost the only losses for the operation. And at the same time, noticeably less than the total losses of the enemy. Naturally, such an attack must be thought out and secured, otherwise it will turn out a typical "psychic" attack only to die heroically ...
    2. kipage
      kipage April 4 2018 16: 29
      +17
      And by the way, the organization and leadership of bayonet fighting is an important merit of the Russian officers of those years.
      The article was recently in VO https://topwar.ru/136609-osobye-obstoyatelstva-ch
      ast-1.html
      about the night battle for the Kurkau of the Siberian shooters A. A. Berezin. Just success is what
      Siberian riflemen succeeded in a powerful blow to quickly knock out a fortified settlement that significantly surpassed them in enemy forces - and with heavy losses for the defenders. The Germans left up to 200 prisoners and a significantly larger number of dead and wounded. The Russians lost 8 people killed and 19 wounded (including an officer).

      this leadership contributed greatly, for
      the great advantage of the Russian riflemen was the fact that groups of German infantrymen acted without general leadership, fragmented, and could not provide organized resistance. They bravely, but in isolation, defended themselves, and one after another they died under the onslaught of Russian fighters, guided by an experienced hand. The Russian riflemen acted in an organized manner, consisting of companies and half companies, led by officers.

      русские
      The left-flank 2nd company was supposed to seize the southern part of the village. During the bayonet battle, the company, despite the darkness and resistance of the enemy, quickly completed the combat mission

      the mass of shooters, inspired by their example, rushed into the attack with a thunderous cry of "cheers." The psychological effect of this nocturnal attack was so significant that the Germans, who had previously held a strong position from several lines of trenches, could not hold out for a quarter of an hour. They were knocked out by a friendly bayonet strike and fled

      In principle, a bayonet strike at that time was the culmination of an infantry offensive: the latter meant rapprochement with the enemy for a bayonet strike.
  8. parusnik
    parusnik April 4 2018 08: 32
    +4
    F.N. Lebedev-In the Civil War he participated in the White Movement as part of the Northwest Army, was commander of the 21st General Denikin Infantry Regiment. In the Estonian People’s Army from 18.05.1920/1.10.1920/1.10.1920 to 100/1921/1924 instructor of sports courses. Since October 1940, 1944, a permanent lecturer at the Military School. The initiator of the construction of the first 1966-meter shooting gallery at the school. Founder of the rifle division of the Tallinn Kalev club. At the end of XNUMX he was credited to the reserve. He lived in Narva. He participated in the preparation of shooters for the XNUMX Olympic Games in Paris. Fulfilled the grandmaster regulation of the Estonian Rifle Union in firing from three different types of weapons. Member of the Board of the Union of Russian Crippled Warriors in Estonia. In May XNUMX he participated in the gathering of reservists. Since XNUMX in Finland. Died in XNUMX. He was buried in the cemetery of the Orthodox Church in Helsinki.
  9. nivander
    nivander April 4 2018 09: 40
    +5
    in the biography of Marshal Vasilevsky there is an episode where it is alleged that during his training at the Ensign School he was awarded hours for virtuoso fencing with bayonets. In July 1917, when the enemy attack was repelled, the town of Mereshta personally destroyed 52 enemy soldiers, 28 of them were killed with a bayonet
  10. nivander
    nivander April 4 2018 10: 37
    +4
    Marshal Eremenko during the years of WWI was on a team of cleaners - their task was to clean up enemy trenches, --- armament revolvers, Mausers, grenades, bayonets, daggers. sharply sharpened shoulder blades, short sabers and “falcate” swords. Such teams recruited only physically strong and dexterous soldiers and only hunters (volunteers)
  11. Some kind of compote
    Some kind of compote April 4 2018 11: 35
    +21
    I recall an old joke.
    Medical board. The conscript at the optometrist.
    The optometrist asks: Do you see anything on the table? Draftee: None.
    Optometrist: Come closer. You see? Draftee: None.
    And so several times.
    Finally, at a distance of half a meter from the table, the draftee says: Now I see.
    Optometrist says: Great.
    And he writes in Conclusion: Good for bayonet fighting laughing
    Great, thanks for the article. good
    1. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh April 4 2018 20: 07
      0
      Exactly. Only semi-blind and need a bayonet battle.
      1. Some kind of compote
        Some kind of compote April 4 2018 21: 20
        +16
        You did not understand the essence of the joke
        The point is that any fighter is in the business
    2. kipage
      kipage April 4 2018 20: 48
      +15
      From the memory of the officer
      Absheronians under the barn
      “The clinging fighters prevented me from rushing at the Austrian officer; I would have to hit an Austrian soldier with a bayonet, and then together with my Absheron soldier I would attack the Austrian officer; on the other hand, if the Austrian officer slightly lowered the revolver, he would shoot an Absheron soldier, and then two Austrians would attack me; however, neither I nor the Austrian officer did this; I was in half-fall, or rather, in a "fight ready" pose, standing in front of an Austrian officer, waiting for a place to attack, and all my attention was directed to the black hole of the barrel of a revolver jumping in front of my eyes; the Austrian was aiming at me, and the revolver hopped in his hands.
      Suddenly, the Austrian fired, it smelled of hot air and smoke, but I didn’t feel the blow, the shock, - "miss!" - flashed in my head, as it were without much joy. There was a feeling not of some sort of doom, not of some kind of terrible apathy, indifference. The shot again smelled of flame and smoke at me, and again there was no push. - "Miss!" The thought flickered again, and I saw that the officer’s head was reclined, and he began to slowly crawl under his feet towards me and suddenly fell to his full height. His eyes rolled up, blood appeared from the corner of his tightly compressed mouth, I turned his whole face gray and became deathly pale. "He died! Why? I didn’t stab him! ...", for several moments I stood confused over him, then came to my senses. "
      It also happened ...
  12. Andy
    Andy April 4 2018 13: 10
    +1
    about the "attack of the dead" did not find ... it does not matter that it didn’t get to the melee, but they rose up with hostility!
    1. kipage
      kipage April 4 2018 13: 51
      +22
      about the "attack of the dead" did not find ... it does not matter that it didn’t get to the melee, but they rose up with hostility!

      I will tell you then, since they have not found. Especially since HANDSHIP still got it.
      No wonder the attack is indicated by the author as bayonet - and successful. Moreover, the bayonet attack was not one.
      M. Svechnikov and V. Bunyakovsky "Defense of the Osovets fortress during the second, 6,5-month siege of it." Pg., 1917 S. 49-50.
      Here is the title of this book.

      I quote: “The head of the 2nd defense department ordered the 13th company, moving from Zarechny fort to the Sosnenskaya position, to stop the Germans at all costs moving to the fortress and to return the 1st section of the Sosnenskaya position that we lost. Following this company were sent 14 and the 8th company, which received the tasks: the first — to take back the village of Sosnyu, and the second — the 2nd section of the Sosny position.
      ...
      Having entered the general reserve line, Lieutenant Kotlinsky personally made a reconnaissance and correctly assessed the situation, with 500 steps rushed at the head of his company to attack the advancing German chains, the Germans opened strong rifle and machine gun fire at 13 companies, but this did not stop the rapid attack despite the fact that at that time the second lieutenant Kotlinsky who transferred the command to the sapper officer Lieutenant Strzheminsky was mortally wounded. The latter, baring a saber, with a cry of “hurray” rushed at the Germans, dragging the company with him. The terrain of attack was very uncomfortable: the ruins of old dugouts were holes in which people fell through, boards and logs, etc., stuck everywhere, but valiant a company truly worthy of its late commander with a swift attack that was brought to an end, bayonet knocked out the Germans consistently from their positions, and then from the front trenches of the 1st and 2nd sections of the Sosnenskaya position; 16 prisoners were taken. "
      This is the FIRST bayonet.
      The second.
      “At this time, the 14th company, sent to support the left flank of the Sosnenskaya position, arrived. The second lieutenant Cheglokov, with his men and a half-company of the 14th company, went on an energetic attack and, despite the strong resistance of the Germans, he went ahead, Bayonet knocked out the Germans from the trenches of the village. Pine tree (4th section), which they completely occupied, having recaptured from the Germans our guns captured by them, machine guns and taking 14 prisoners. "This is S. 51.
      But, But, because the companies supported each other and acted on the same sector - we recognize for a single GUNSHIP ATTACK. And, of course, SUCCESSFUL.
  13. Proxima
    Proxima April 4 2018 14: 05
    +6
    The article correctly says that bayonet combat was most often practiced at the maneuver stage of hostilities. Some misunderstand Suvorov’s famous phrase: “A bullet is a fool, a bayonet is well done!” A bullet - a symbol of positional war, a bayonet - symbolized a maneuver war in which Alexander Vasilievich was a great genius fellow hi
    1. kan123
      kan123 April 9 2018 02: 51
      0
      Not quite so - when a Suvorov soldier went to the enemy - he shot, the second stabbed with a bayonet, the third stabbed with a bayonet, the fourth beaten from the butt, the knife was taken out - so close, the shot could be fired once, and the bayonet could cut the whole company his soldiers were engaged in his campaigns. This was against the generally accepted Napoleonic methods, when a company of Voltigeurs got up in a square and methodically fired off the entire army - the killed man was occupied from the second row - this is a positional system, of course, but there it was necessary to take the next step - to develop this resistance in the offensive. Sobsno - this is a Napoleonic square, with the development of the rifle, it was possible to shoot from the trenches, so I had to dig in. The insanity of positional warfare is when they dig five lines of trenches, five - fifty - and shoot at each other, from trenches. But they need to be taken somehow - they sat in the trenches for years - the French are fine, they have the south - and in Russia, the French as you saw, all these groundwater, snow, ice, - we said we won’t fight there. The meaning that Suvorov expressed , he stayed - in close combat - fired once - and then, if he did, cut, cut, any bastard. He shot one with a bullet, and with a bayonet, knife, you can fill up the whole crowd of gopniks. In WWII, even - sailors in vests, with shovels - one shovel morally demoralized - how they look at these frayed Bosko, chopped limbs - to decrease enthusiasm - it's not gunshot, when you just shoot it - you go collect these legs, arms, everything chopped into the cabbage. It is in the demoralizing sense that the bayonet is well done. People will change their minds about fighting there - all right, there would be one hole, that’s okay, and when they handle you with a shovel, you don’t know what to send to your marus on a palken strasse.
  14. av58
    av58 April 4 2018 14: 34
    +4
    Maybe back to the good old bayonet? The Chinese have left, and are satisfied.
  15. motorized rifle
    motorized rifle April 4 2018 16: 17
    +4
    About a bayonet attack, as one of the types of armed struggle, you can write a whole study (with the appropriate qualifications), but briefly so.
    Since the basis of ancient martial art, its basic principles, in general, are unchanged for several millennia. From the first unorganized clashes of ancient people, there was a transition to organized battle in the ranks (phalanx, legion), later linked to the use of long-range weapons on the battlefield, which subsequently forbade the very organized formation (tight). Nevertheless, as in particular we see from the article, bayonet combat was successfully used when conditions for its use appeared.
    In a bayonet battle (group), the party with which it is organized wins, and the battle organization in general may be planned, or may be spontaneous. Let us consider in more detail what "organization" is. Many of you must have participated in group fights in your youth (district to district, street to street, etc.). Here's an example of a (hypothetical) bayonet battle. This is how the spontaneous organization of battle occurs. Suppose there is some unit cell of the participants of the battle (let there be about five people), then a leader appears in this cell, who leads the battle better than anyone else, he is more aggressive and productive from other members of the cell. Then such a construction 1 + 4 self-forms, i.e. one is fighting, the others are covering it. Because the enemy also sees this leader and makes major efforts against him. Accordingly, it must be covered, which is what the rest of his cell do. Do you remember?
    If the enemy does not have such an organization and he conducts the battle on the principle: “I see someone I beat”, then he will lose the battle even with a numerical superiority. So, such an organization of bayonet fighting can be taught in advance, which most likely did not happen (and is not happening now) in any army in the world because it requires working with personnel to identify such leaders. And this, in turn, requires serious psychological training from the same officers (with which there have always been problems).
    It follows that only spontaneous organization is possible, and this is already in the genetic code (I could not choose a different designation) for the fighters, their mentality, habits, life experience, etc. Here, the Russian Soldier will give odds to any of his opponents, as can be seen in the article .
  16. nnz226
    nnz226 April 4 2018 18: 13
    +4
    The article once again confirmed that the Russian soldier can be stopped with machine-gun fire, shelling, but if it came to hand-to-hand combat, our army "carried out" any field from the battlefield. In hand-to-hand Russian equal - no!
  17. Black joe
    Black joe April 5 2018 09: 28
    +3
    Thanks for an extremely interesting article. hi
    I learned a lot
  18. kan123
    kan123 April 9 2018 02: 22
    0
    This is not from a good life - there was no artillery - in the first campaign, the Russian army did not have shells - in. The prince plundered everything - the head of the rear received letters that the plant made a thousand shells, sent them, a letter that they were received - but it turned out that these were people of the prince, they wrote pieces of paper. The treasury transferred money, (big money - the production of shells was very expensive) - then they simply gave unsubscribes.
    The war was offensive - the Russian army attacked the "surrounded Fritz" - this means that it is necessary to capture. Capture is to level enemy trenches, artillery, and capture them. If there is no artillery, this is a bayonet attack.
    Russia conducted three losing campaigns, from 1914 - 1917. These "heroic bayonets" were so fed up with everyone that no one agreed to the 1917 campaign. The officers who climbed on the rampage were all knocked out. In the fall of 1916, "disturbing reports" were sent to the headquarters that the army would not fight, the next year, the campaign. As many as possible - three failures in the offensive. Four million corpses, mutilated, do not count - it was easier to tear the king.
    On the other hand, the war was then so cruel that it won’t fit on the brain today. What does the battlefield look like, after the cavalry attack - chopping - who lies who groans, everything mixed up - horses - people who have no hands, who have legs, who have heads - sobsno "with hostility" this was not the most trash - the worst was, call in under the cavalry. And the cruelty of the bayonet battle, as a cover for the lack of the same cavalry, came from Suvorov. He had light troops, which had no choice but to "bayonet" - melee breaks through the whole war. Suvorov even wrote instructions “hit not be shy - I caught the bayonet, strike the next one from my feet,” I do not remember verbatim, but there’s still a useful experience where every soldier’s action is painted, when cutting, melee. His soldiers learned this charter by heart, as they came upon a draft, and in battle they simply followed the charter - the entire procedure was laid out. Therefore, there was no army that could resist Suvorov, who didn’t care how many soldiers he had - ten less - everyone just knew what they would do when the battle was on, everything was already done on the machine, there was no need to think - just do it this charter of Suvorov. And all this beauty, can not be compared with the shameful wars of Her Highness, Nikolai Alexandrych - there was just shame and betrayal, or "stupidity and betrayal." There, a perversion of this concept went - sobsto melee - because some kind of prince from the headquarters drove people to slaughter, and covered this lack of artillery, and cavalry - mostly nobles were responsible for cavalry - it was easier for them to send a thousand men for slaughter, "bayonet" than risk maneuvering there. Or to customize expensive shells. According to the memoirs, they had five shells per cannon (and this is copper - then there were very expensive shells, a lot of money can be stolen) - and why the Germans were not broken - everything was cheaper for them - 90% of the assets are stolen in the Russian army, and Germans surrounded, with the Russian army could fight, for decades - they spent a ruble, and Russia - a hundred rubles, simply on the theft of suppliers, princes. And all this nonsense was covered with a “bayonet attack” - Suvorov in his coffin turned over from such a perversion.
    1. Albatroz
      Albatroz April 9 2018 05: 21
      +3
      This is not from a good life - there was no artillery - in the first campaign, the Russian army did not have shells - in. The prince plundered everything - the head of the rear received letters that the plant made a thousand shells, sent them, a letter that they were received - but it turned out that these were people of the prince, they wrote pieces of paper. The treasury transferred money, (big money - the production of shells was very expensive) - then they simply gave unsubscribes.

      What nonsense?
      Bayonet fighting is a common trend for all armies of the era.
      Not dependent on any material resources.
      Defined by the features of tactics.
      And, as the article convincingly proved, it’s very successful good
      1. Square
        Square April 9 2018 06: 46
        +1
        You know, the gentleman already noticed a line. Shpak-go (above appears in the image of kan123) to give out his own fabrications-reasoning for something close to history.
        This is me about the passage
        The Russian army attacked the "surrounded Fritz" - this means that it is necessary to capture. Capture is to level enemy trenches, artillery, and capture them. If there is no artillery, this is a bayonet attack.
        Russia conducted three losing campaigns, from 1914 - 1917. These "heroic bayonets" were so fed up with everyone that no one agreed to the 1917 campaign. The officers who climbed on the rampage were all knocked out. In the fall of 1916, "disturbing reports" were sent to the headquarters that the army would not fight, the next year, the campaign. As many as possible - three failures in the offensive. Four million corpses, mutilated, do not count - it was easier to tear the king.

        Of course, I understand that he is chained to the resource as that machine gunner with a chain to the machine gun, but to plant this ... A really poisonous feather - and this despite the fact that the educational level of citizens of the Russian Federation falls. In general, one wrecking.
        And my patience is thoroughly tested ...
  19. cradle
    cradle April 9 2018 07: 45
    +2
    Quote: squeeze
    What went wrong one and the same?
    Everything depended on the situation.
    You are given cases when the Russian infantry captured these machine guns with a bayonet strike. Or is abstract reasoning more important than reality?
    And the charters were revised during the war, taking into account combat experience. And the old cabinet people have nothing to do with it. All this was relevant and applicable.
    I can put you here a page from an archive document with reports on the exploits of officers - and you can calculate how many times the phrase “bayonet strike” is repeated on one page.
    Would you like a look?

    He is an Israeli soldier to argue? He knows FSE!
  20. cradle
    cradle April 9 2018 07: 54
    +2
    Quote: voyaka uh
    It is better to find statistics on how many of the bayonets there were injuries of their own soldiers.
    When, getting out of the trench, slipping or jumping into the enemy trench with a bayonet, they pricked inadvertently in front of a comrade who was walking. There was an article about this. The losses are decent. Therefore, in all armies where soldiers were taught to shoot decently, the bayonet was removed.
    As not only useless, but also dangerous for comrades.
    And in the majority of the described "bayonets", bayonets simply finished off the soldiers lying wounded by bullets on the ground.

    And how many statistics accidentally shot or shot comrades you do not own? This weapon, if cho. Maybe in Israel they forgot about it?
  21. Loki_2
    Loki_2 April 12 2018 17: 33
    0
    I don’t understand, if there were such victories, then why was the WWII lost?
    1. 4thParasinok
      4thParasinok April 23 2018 23: 39
      0
      Quote: Loki_2
      I don’t understand, if there were such victories, then why was the WWII lost?

      and who said that she was lost? Germany capitulated, not Russia. But the fact that shit and socialists ruined the army is another story. By the way, in the Brest Peace, Germans were forbidden to transfer troops from east to west, and they say for a long time they refused to include this item in the treaty ...
      1. Loki_2
        Loki_2 7 May 2018 08: 05
        0
        Those. do you think Russia won the war? I’m scared to imagine what your defeat looks like ...

        ps Can I find out, but we won the Russo-Japanese War of 1905 and the Crimean 1853? It’s necessary to look at things more realistically ...
  22. Serge72
    Serge72 April 13 2018 20: 35
    +15
    WWI was won by the Entente. The whole Entente, including Russia. And the fact that the last eight months before the victory of politics was taken out of the war does not change anything.
    Knowing the importance of the Eastern Front for a common victory and remembering the contribution of Russia, the Allies not only annulled the humiliating Brest Treaty, but also recognized the right of reparation from Germany in the Treaty of Versailles if Russia wished to exercise this right. Those. actually included her among the winners.
    1. Loki_2
      Loki_2 7 May 2018 08: 11
      +1
      This idiocy about the stolen victory, on the threshold of which stood the Russian Empire is well known.

      I also want to know the size of reparations towards Russia determined by the Treaty of Versailles?
      1. Serge72
        Serge72 7 May 2018 19: 03
        +15
        No idiocy.
        It remained just a little bit.
        How important is endurance both in life and in war.
        I also want to know the size of reparations towards Russia determined by the Treaty of Versailles

        It is not a matter of size, but the fact that the allies, having canceled the Brest Treaty, granted our country the LAW to demand reparation. Let formally.
        What matters here is not the details, but the fact. For a country that has concluded a separate peace, and that’s a lot.
        Art. 116 of the Versailles MD read:

        The right was granted, the rest is a second matter.
        1. Loki_2
          Loki_2 25 May 2018 06: 46
          0
          Are you funny? smile
          For both points
          1. Serge72
            Serge72 25 May 2018 08: 28
            +15
            Nothing to say against the fact
            For both points
            1. Loki_2
              Loki_2 4 June 2018 12: 43
              0
              Fact: this is the size of the payout. A formally granted right is a subject for discussion of this curiosity (but no more).
              1. Serge72
                Serge72 5 June 2018 14: 41
                0
                Fact is a legal document.
                This rest is a subject for discussion.
                1. Loki_2
                  Loki_2 14 June 2018 17: 16
                  0
                  Well, let's leave the topic of reparations. The question is how do you evaluate the results of the PMV. Russia won or lost this war?
  23. BRONEVIK
    BRONEVIK April 18 2018 10: 09
    +15
    The fact that the bayonet battle was relevant and used by the armies of all the warring countries
    testifies to this photo of the First World War
    Bayonet training. British army.
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