Military Review

Ukrainian workers will save the economy of Poland

The other day, Polish Deputy Foreign Minister Bartosh Tsihotski at the XI Europe-Ukraine Forum in Polish Rzeszow spoke about the sharply increased contribution of Ukrainians working in Poland to their country's GDP. According to Tsikhotsky, who relies on Polish statistics, in the 2017, Ukrainians working in Poland transferred more than 12 billion zlotys to their homeland. “This is my humble call for positive changes in this direction. To understand the scale of this phenomenon, you must understand that in the 2016 year, according to estimates, Ukrainians working in Poland sent about 8 billion zlotys to Ukraine. In the 2017 year - more than 12 billion zlotys. This is equal to 3 or 4% of Ukraine’s GDP. This is a huge amount of money - it means that a huge number of people from the Ukrainian side are engaged in activities in our economy ", - stressed Polish diplomat.

From private trips to transfers to billions of zloty

It should be noted: the figure given by Tsihotski is one and a half times larger than the amount of money transferred from Poland to Ukraine, recorded a year earlier. In 2016, the foreigners, as Ukrainians call their compatriots working abroad, sent home about 8 billion Polish zlotys.

Experts explain such growth by the visa-free regime introduced last year with the European Union. President Poroshenko then boasted that now the Ukrainians had the opportunity to fly to the Viennese opera without any problems, and at the same time to drink a cup of European coffee in the Austrian capital.

The reality was much simpler. Instead of the Vienna Opera, Ukrainians rushed to Europe to earn money, although the agreement on a visa-free regime does not imply the right to work of people entering Ukraine from the European Union. But there are a lot of shadow schemes for temporary employment.

They are especially developed in neighboring Poland. After the country's accession to the European Union, a rather difficult demographic situation developed in it. Many Polish citizens moved to live and work in the rich countries of Old Europe. The problems were marked by the noticeable aging of the Polish population.

All this led to a shortage in the labor market in Poland itself. Suffice to say that today, “in a country with a 38-million population, only 16 million people work,” is the assessment of the head of the National Bank of Poland, Adam Glapinski, which he sounded when summing up the year.

The government in Warsaw is trying to fill the hunger for its economy with the resources of Ukraine and Belarus. Therefore, they turn a blind eye to the use of temporary work by Ukrainians who have been entitled only to visa-free entry. They are employed on Polish farms, in greenhouses, they harvest apples and strawberries on open plantations, and work on construction sites.

According to statistics on the Polish labor market are employed from 1 million to 1,5 million of citizens of Ukraine. This is taking into account those who work illegally, without the appropriate permissions. Polish authorities recognize "some violations" in the employment of Ukrainians. Only here the Polish customs gives completely different numbers.

In 2017, ten million Ukrainians entered Poland (9 990 978 people). This is twice as much as the Russian Federation has adopted (4 376 423 people). Since the Ukrainians, for the most part, have entered the territory of Poland as private trips, we will assume that they moved in, drank coffee, and for dessert - billions of Polish zlotys were sent home.

Economic growth will be ensured by foreign workers.

The temporary nature of employment led to the work of the lowest qualifications. This is evident from the results of a poll promulgated by the sociological group Rating. As admitted, 77% of Ukrainians who visited Poland (many went there two or three times a year), their neighbors “did mostly physical work, 16% worked in the service industry, 3% had work related to intellectual activity, and only 1% worked in leadership positions. "

These results are directly correlated with the method of employment in Poland. According to information voiced on the Money program by President of the All-Ukrainian Association of International Employment Companies Vasily Voskoboyniky, this year “the number of issued work invitations for Ukrainians in Poland has already exceeded 1 million 700 thousand, and only 12 396 people have been employed through legal companies” .

At the same time, more than half of the respondents from the Rating group explained the choice of Poland as a place of employment by its geographical proximity and higher wages. Equally important is also the "presence of family members or acquaintances" already working in Poland, and a low language barrier.

So, in the conditions of the civil and social crisis in Ukraine, employment in Poland became for Ukrainians (especially from the western regions of the country) an opportunity to more successfully survive difficult times. Although in Poland, many have not sweet.

Official statistics do not indulge society with the problems faced by the workers living on the ground. Meanwhile, the media is full of stories about the poor fellows about how they were not paid in Poland for the work done, how they have withdrawn their wages in compensation for the fines that the smart employers invented there, etc.

Among all these scams and bullying, human trafficking stands apart. Last year in Poland revealed more than a hundred such cases. “We, Poles, often like to think of ourselves as tolerant people, honest and those who do not use others,” says Anna Garner from the National Interventional Advisory Center for victims of trafficking. - But reality looks a bit different. The victims of human trafficking in Poland are often citizens of other states who come to us to earn money. I mean the Ukrainians working in Poland, and a significant number of whom work illegally. ”

Last year, according to Garner, the center assisted two hundred people who had been subjected to this type of violence in Poland. “Employers (that is, human traffickers) were forced to engage in prostitution, seventy-two people, seventy-one people were forced to slave labor, and twenty-seven people were begging.”

Against the background of these outrages, it is difficult to imagine that Poland is interested in engaging employees in its economy. Meanwhile, she is not just interested, but in dire need of attracting foreign workers. According to the estimates of the Polish Union of Entrepreneurs and Employers, today, to ensure stable economic growth in Poland, at least 5 million additional employees are required.

Moreover, we are talking not only about doing simple physical work, which today involves the majority of visitors from Ukraine. As Adam Glapinski, already mentioned here, noted, during the last years in Poland there has been an acute shortage of qualified personnel — engineers, doctors, IT specialists, etc.

Polish universities have already involved graduates of Ukrainian schools to prepare them. The conditions of employment in Poland are also changing. Paid permits are introduced, the conditions for registering statements of intention to get a job change. The authorities in Warsaw are now openly demonstrating support for Ukrainian citizens who come to Poland to work and study.

Deputy Minister Tsihotsky also calls on the officials of the two countries to hold consultations at the level of the Ministry of Labor and Social Security in order to streamline the movement of labor resources and introduce new protective mechanisms for Ukrainians working in Poland.

Only it is hardly necessary to be deceived by the high contribution of the workers in the Ukrainian GDP, as if it has some long-term prospects. A survey of the Rating group showed another result: the overwhelming majority of the respondents (74%) stated that they “do not plan to move to Poland for permanent residence in the coming years.”

This means that the Polish economy will keep on the influx of Ukrainians as much as the political and economic chaos in Ukraine will last. Then the economic problems of their country will have to be solved by the Poles themselves.
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  1. Greenwood
    Greenwood 29 March 2018 05: 27
    the Polish economy will stay on the influx of Ukrainians as much as the political and economic chaos in Ukraine will last
    In short, for a long time. For the progressive CE Europeans seem to quite like their modern way of life. The main thing is that they broke it with Muscovites, they “canceled” visas to Europe, now it’s possible to earn money ... lol
    1. Vard
      Vard 29 March 2018 06: 08
      Polish women are on the streets of Paris ... And Ukrainians in Warsaw ... This is Euro integration ...
      1. tracer
        tracer 29 March 2018 06: 48
        They have girls oh beautiful. But the characters "mother do not worry" The gene pool falls ..
    2. Finches
      Finches 29 March 2018 06: 27
      It’s a little off topic, but still Khokhlushka’s diva ... In absolute terms! As for labor migration, and migration in general - this is one of the reasons for the frenzy that is happening in Western Europe - Africans and Arabs urgently need to be diluted with people of European appearance and close religion, and where to get them in tolerant Europe, when one a child for a quarter? The entire Baltic states have already been pumped out, Eastern Europe is the same, the poor 40 million Ukraine has turned up here ... European elites understand everything perfectly!
      1. Vladivostok1969
        Vladivostok1969 29 March 2018 07: 13
        Regarding labor migration. On the Internet, there are a lot of job offers in South Korea for Russians for a lot of resources that provide information on jobs. And people go there to earn money. Both boys and girls. Not far from teachers and doctors work. Not from a good life it's all.
        1. Greenwood
          Greenwood 29 March 2018 09: 03
          I have 2 friends recently traveled to South Korea for 3 months. They worked in vegetable processing plants, on collective farms, in vegetable gardens. Complained about the swine attitude of the Koreans, especially in the provinces. Hard work for 10-12 hours a day. But then sn on average 100-130 tr per month for our money.
          1. zoolu350
            zoolu350 31 March 2018 05: 37
            Well, for women, if you have an appearance, you can always become a "hostess" in the UK, there are more earnings and working conditions are "more fun" and the prospects for personal life are more pleasant.
          2. gorenina91
            gorenina91 31 March 2018 05: 47
            -The ugly wretched Russians arrived, showed a “product face” (how despicable it is to treat Russians) .., lucky ...- got money for work ...
            -But the next Russians who came to work already will be even more “bent”, otherwise they won’t pay ... -In another way, they won’t ...
      2. svp67
        svp67 29 March 2018 12: 06
        Quote: Finches
        so this is one of the reasons for the frenzy that is happening in Western Europe - Africans and Arabs urgently need to be diluted with people of European appearance and close religion, and where to get them in tolerant Europe, when one child per quarter

        This is the main reason for everything that happens. The West is aging, the working hands are "ending", they thought to make up for them by emigrating from the East, but they DO NOT WANT to work, but they don’t get a "social card", yes. And here is the 40 millionth Ukraine, which can be "milked" for ten years. And of course, they have 140 million Russia on their sights.
        1. K.A.S.
          K.A.S. 29 March 2018 16: 03
          Quote: svp67
          And of course, they have 140 million Russia on their sights.

          For Europe, there are new markets to ensure economic growth. an attempt to milk Russia may end sadly!
          and I think that you are too optimistic about 40 million Ukrainians!
          1. svp67
            svp67 29 March 2018 16: 06
            Quote: K.A.S.
            and I think that you are too optimistic about 40 million Ukrainians!

            Well, I indicated the figure at the time of the start of the milking, now of course it is less, much less ...
  2. Normal ok
    Normal ok 29 March 2018 09: 21
    The media is full of stories of poor people about how they were not paid in Poland for their work, how they took their wages in compensation for the fines that come up with the quirky employers there, etc.

    Well, not only the Poles are guilty of this. This is generally characteristic of capitalism - to throw workers who are unprotected by trade unions for wages.
  3. sementrunoff
    sementrunoff 29 March 2018 09: 54
    You look at what is happening in Lithuania and how migrants from Ukraine behave there. Continuous rampant crime. A shame. There, the authorities, if I may call them so, turn a blind eye to this, and the local population howls from visitors.
    1. K.A.S.
      K.A.S. 29 March 2018 16: 10
      and at the domestic level, Ukrainians also excelled. an example from my life.
      My childhood friend married a Ukrainian, she lives in Estonia herself, love did not work out. wanted to get a divorce, but comrade Ukrainian, will give consent to a divorce. only if they give him a residence permit! although all her neighbors and friends discouraged her. relatives said so: why don’t you understand that he needs to get into the EU from a hole. and he doesn’t need you.
      1. Kot_Kuzya
        Kot_Kuzya 30 March 2018 05: 01
        Since when has divorce become possible only with the consent of both spouses?
  4. Dashing
    Dashing 29 March 2018 10: 37
    Hey, so the tha eta cares, why not even a mage eat.
  5. antivirus
    antivirus 29 March 2018 11: 59
    nonsense from under the tail of sabaki. the Poles take from the Kohl what they need and do not bother with joining.
    Europe of regions suggests - each person decides where to live and work. worked, got loot - left for the "sleeping" country. How are the Balts and others
  6. Servisinzhener
    Servisinzhener 29 March 2018 12: 02
    For complete happiness, Ukraine has little left. Get rid of the occupying gas pipeline of the aggressor country. And connect yourself to Europe with a guest worker pipeline. And of course, as a prostitute pipeline, becoming the number one supplier of hairy gold on the European market.
  7. Irek
    Irek 29 March 2018 17: 45
    But not everyone agrees with this ...
  8. avaks111
    avaks111 30 March 2018 06: 16
    And the question is: how long will the crisis last? Feels like horror has just begun!
  9. Antares
    Antares 30 March 2018 10: 56
    This means that the Polish economy will keep on the influx of Ukrainians as much as the political and economic chaos in Ukraine will last. Then the economic problems of their country will have to be solved by the Poles themselves.

    The fact is that staff shortages are forcing to increase the RFP in Ukraine. And every time during the season of work in Poland, Germany, the Czech Republic, etc., again the most acute hunger of workers.
    HER according to the latest data, workers are ready to work in Poland for 400-500 dollars. 12 hours. 6 days. Well, raise sn to 12-14 thousand UAH (similar to 444-518 dollars) but still go to Poland !!!! And they say yes, it’s hard, but a free school (without fees for curtains if insurance) is cheaper than products and other amenities of ordinary life.
    Honestly, according to the latest data, the level of salary is not limited. Even ordinary workers will choose not only the salary level, but the conditions, environment, life ....
    So we can say that this is temporary, workers work there for a season, return to the country (let's say they work there before the season), go to the EU again, creating a crisis in the labor market here. The country is also aging, it’s impossible to pump out for a long time.
    The temporary effect of working as "micro-investors" in the economy is only temporary. Without creating a product within the country, we are doomed to an eternal crisis. And the education and role of our women will not allow us to multiply intensively (for example, as in poor countries).
  10. NF68
    NF68 30 March 2018 16: 15
    And Polish workers have been saving the German economy for several years at an accelerated pace.