Military Review

Chilean Armed Forces: Some of the Most Strong in Latin America

Today, the Chilean armed forces are rightfully considered among the most powerful in Latin America. Like the armed forces of other states, they are designed to protect the freedom, independence and territorial integrity of the country. At present, the Chilean armed forces consist of the Ground Forces, the Air Force and the Navy. Of course, by the standards of the United States, China or Russia, Chile’s military expenditures seem tiny (4,61 billion dollars - 2016 year, SIRPI data), but in comparison with other Latin American countries, this is quite an adequate amount.

The leadership of the Republic of Chile regards the strengthening of the country's armed forces as a very important factor that contributes to the growth of state influence, intensifying and diversifying the country's ties with other states against the background of Santiago’s growing involvement in solving not only regional, but also global problems. In accordance with the country's constitution, the supreme commander of the Armed Forces of Chile is the president. It is he who determines the direction of military construction and the military-political course, appoints the Minister of National Defense, the chief of the joint headquarters of the Armed Forces and the commanders of the armed forces.

The Ministry of Defense of Chile is responsible for the development of doctrinal documents in the field of defense and security, development and construction of the army and fleet. The head of the military department in Chile is a civilian who exercises leadership of the Armed Forces through the Ministry of Defense, as well as the joint headquarters of the Armed Forces. The latter acts as a permanent advisory body to the Minister of Defense in preparing for use and in the management of the Armed Forces in the event of a threat of external aggression or the emergence of an international crisis that would threaten Chile’s national security.

Military parade in Santiago, 2014 year

Given the size of the territory and the borders of the country, it seems that the armed forces of Chile should be impressive in size. Indeed, the country stretches from north to south for 4300 kilometers, while its width from west to east never exceeds 200 kilometers. The land boundary and coastline are 6400 kilometers each. From a purely military point of view, it would be very difficult to defend such a large elongated territory. Fortunately for Chile, virtually the entire land border of the country falls on a natural obstacle - the Andes. Overcoming this mountain range is difficult for infantry, and for heavy combat vehicles, the mountains are almost insurmountable. It should also be borne in mind that the country has no neighbors with great military power. Taking this into account and due to substantial income from copper exports, Chile managed to create quite compact and well-equipped aircraft, which today are among the top five in Latin America, said Alexander Khramchikhin, deputy director of the Institute for Political and Military Analysis.

The total strength of the armed forces of Chile is 73 500 people, the data of the Foreign Military Review magazine No. 8 for 2013 a year. The strength of the Land Forces of Chile is 41 400 man, Navy 20 700 man, including 2800 marines, the Air Force 11 400 man. At the same time, according to the popular statistical internet resource knoema (world data atlas), the number of Chilean armed forces in 2015 was 109 450 people, this figure also takes into account militias that could be used to support or replace regular troops.

Copper is not in vain already mentioned above in the context of the development of the armed forces of Chile, for Santiago this metal is a strategic resource. The country is the undisputed leader in copper production, and Chile has the largest proven copper reserves (of the order of 20 percent of world reserves). It is not surprising that the country partly spends revenues from the sale of copper on its armed forces. Financial funds for the purchase of weapons and military equipment in Chile are allocated outside the republican budget. On the basis of the “Law on copper”, the state-owned company Kodelko annually transfers 1958 percent of its export earnings (but no less than 10 million dollars) for these purposes from 240. The incoming money is accumulated on the accounts of a specially created fund in the central bank of Chile, after which it is spent exclusively on the purchase and modernization of weapons and military equipment. Due to stable prices for copper and steady demand for metal accumulated in a special fund, according to various experts, the amount is over 5 billions of US dollars.

Chilean Armed Forces: Some of the Most Strong in Latin America

The main suppliers of weapons and military equipment for the Chilean armed forces are traditionally the United States and Israel, some of the equipment was acquired in Western Europe, as well as in Brazil. At the same time, the possibilities of Chile's own military-industrial complex are extremely limited. The share of obsolete military equipment in the Chilean army is quite large, but significantly less than in most Latin American states. According to Alexander Khramchikhin, Russia regularly participates in local military exhibitions, but so far has not penetrated weapons market of a given state.

Chilean Ground Forces

Ground forces are the most numerous type of armed forces of Chile. They include infantry, armored, mechanized, artillery, mountain rifle, engineering units, as well as special forces, communications, and army units aviation and rear support. Organizationally, the Chilean ground forces are consolidated into 6 divisions, which are deployed in the respective military zones. In addition to the divisions, the ground forces have a separate army aviation brigade, two separate Lautaro special operations brigades, and there are also 4 armored and 2 motorized infantry brigades. To increase the effectiveness of operational command and control, a special command of ground operations has been deployed. Ground forces are represented by the following infantry divisions: 1st (headquarters in Antofagasta), 2nd motorized (Santiago), 3rd mountain (Valdivia), 4th (Koyayke), 5th (Punta Arenas), 6- I (Iquique).

Chilean Armed Forces tank a fleet in Latin America, the army is armed with 172 German Leopard-2A4 MBTs (work is underway to increase their level of protection) and 105 outdated Leopard-1A5 tanks. In addition, the ground forces have 411 infantry fighting vehicles (266 Marders of German manufacture and 145 Dutch AIFVs), 23 armored personnel carriers (15 French VAPs and 8 American M113CRs) and at least 700 armored personnel carriers, including American tracked M113A1 / 2 armored personnel carriers - 472 vehicles, Swiss “Piranhas” - 205 cars and “Roland” - 20 cars, as well as the French VBCL - 21 cars.

MBT "Leopard-2А4" Chilean Army

Ground Forces Artillery is represented by 59 ACS, among which are 48 American 155-mm ACS M109 and 11 of old French AMU MX F3 ACS of the same caliber. The towed artillery is represented by 82 guns, most of which are Italian 105-mm howitzers M-56, also there are 16 American 105-mm howitzers M101A1 and 12 Israeli 155-mm howitzers M-68 and M-71. Also in service is more than 900 mortars of various calibers, including self-propelled, mostly Chilean-made FAMAE. In addition, the Chilean ground forces have 12 Israeli MLRS LAR-160 (160 caliber mm) and 55 Israeli latest Spike ATGMs.

The military air defense system includes two French air defense systems, the Crotal, the 8 British man-portable air defense systems Bloupep and the Israeli Israeli anti-ship artillery missiles 40 and the XMNCM-20 (mounted on the Piranha BTR chassis). In addition, there is a fairly large number of army aviation and its “branch” - the aircraft of the Carabinieri Corps (Chilean National Police). On their arms is about 60 light aircraft (mainly American-made) and more 30 different helicopters.

Chile Air Force

The Chilean air force is an independent type of armed forces. The country's air forces are designed to solve the following list of main tasks: to gain and maintain air superiority; covering the administrative and political centers of the country, important objects and areas, as well as groups of troops and equipment from air strikes; rendering direct fire support to units and formations of ground forces and naval forces; conducting intelligence; the transfer of personnel and cargo by air in the interests of all types of the armed forces of Chile; airborne assault. The Chilean Air Force includes combat and auxiliary aircraft, as well as air defense assets and forces.

At the same time, air defense weapons cannot be called the strength of the Chilean armed forces. Ground-based air defense as part of the country's Air Force includes 3 batteries of the Norwegian NASAMS medium-range SAM system (2,5-40 km), designed to hit aerodynamic targets at low and medium altitudes (0,03 - 16 km). Also in service is the 12 of the French-made Migal air defense missile systems (represent the Mistral 4 MANPADS mounted on a jeep). The remaining air defense systems are represented by anti-aircraft artillery, including 44 American-made M163 self-propelled guns (American 6-barrel 20 mm M61 gun based on the MXNXX BTR), and also 113 towed units, including American MXNXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXxxxxxx for Acceleration 90-mm gun M66) and 167 Swiss Oerlikon GDF-6 (twin 20-mm gun).

Chilean Air Force F-16 Fighter

The Chilean Air Force is organized into aviation command and 5 aviation brigades: 1-I (military air base "Los Condores", Iquique), 2-I (VVB Pudahuel, Santiago), 3-I (VVB El Tepual , Puerto Montt), 4-I (VVB Chabunko, Punta Arenas), 5-I (WWB Cerro Moreno, Antofagasta).

The strike aircraft of Chile are represented by light attack aircraft - the Brazilian A-12В (ЕМВ-29) X-NUMX; there is also about X-NUMX Spanish А-314 (С-20). The main force of the Chilean Air Force is the relatively modern X-NUMX multi-purpose fighter F-36, there is also the 101 obsolete American F-46 fighter. The Air Force has one DRLO aircraft based on Boeing-16, 12 reconnaissance aircraft O-5A and two KC-707Е and KS-5R refueling aircraft. Transport aviation is relatively numerous and for the most part represented by American aircraft, including: 2 C-135, 130 RA-5, 130 Boeing 10, one Boeing 28, 2 Cessna-737, two each Gulf Stream-767 ”and“ Lirjet-4A ”also have 525 Spanish C-4 and 35 Canadian DHC-3. Training aviation is represented by 212 by the American SR-13T, also available up to 6 of T-6 aircraft. The Chilean Air Force also has more than 22 different helicopters, all American-made: up to 40 UH-35, 40 Bell-18, 1 Bell-17 and one S-412A.

Chilean Navy

The naval forces are also an independent type of armed forces of Chile. They are designed to protect maritime communications and the exclusive economic zone of the state; ensuring the safety of maritime navigation in the Strait of Magellan and Cape Horn; combat submarines and groups of surface ships of the enemy; providing support to the country's ground forces in coastal directions; conducting amphibious operations. The Navy of Chile consists of submarine forces, a squadron of surface ships, groups of missile boats, naval aviation, command of amphibious forces, command of marines and special forces.

The naval forces of Chile and the coast guard united with them are organizationally divided into 5 naval zones: 1-I (Valparaiso), 2-I (Talcahuano), 3-I (Punta Arenas), 4-I (Ikike), 5 -I (Puerto Montt). The naval forces include 4 submarines, including two newest boats of the Carrera type (French Scorpen) and two fairly modern Thompson boats (the German project 209 / 1300). The basis of the fleet surface forces are the 3 of the newest frigates Almirante Cochrane (English Norfolk), the 2 Almirante Riveros (Dutch Karel Doorman) and 2 of the frigate Captain Prat (Dutch Jacob van Heemskerk), there is also one frigate "Williams" (English "Broadsworth"). They are complemented by 3 missile launches "Kasma" (Israeli "Saar-4"). The fleet also has numerous patrol boats and patrol ships: 6 Ortiz, 4 Piloto Pardo (OPV-80), 8 Grumet Diaz (Israeli Dabur) and before the 100 ships were in coast guard. The landing forces of the fleet have a modern landing ship dock “Sargento Aldea” (French “Fudr”), two TDK “Rancagua” (French “Batral”), one transport “Akiles” and one landing barge “Elikura”.

Chilean frigate "Almirante Cochrane"

Naval aviation Naval Chile incorporates 14 reconnaissance and patrol aircraft, including: 5 American O-2A and two P-3ASN, 4 Brazilian EMB-111, 3 Spanish C-295MRA), 8 training aircraft (Swiss PC-7 ). Helicopters presented 5 French anti-submarine AS532SC, also has about 20 transport and attack helicopters (two French AS332L, 5 AS365N, 3 SA365F1, two American "Bell-412», 5 "Bell-206» and 4 German In-105SVS).

The Chilean Marine Corps consists of two defense groups for naval bases and an amphibious expeditionary brigade. The Marines are armed with 30 British-made Scorpion light tanks, up to 100 BTR (40 Swedish Bv206, up to 30 American LVTP-5 and possibly 25 Swiss Roland). There are also 8 mortars and 40 towed guns.

Chile is currently economically, militarily and politically one of the most stable countries in Latin America, said Alexander Khramchikhin. At the same time, the Armed Forces of Chile are capable of performing all the functions assigned to them to protect the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the country. One of the main tasks of the Chilean Armed Forces is to provide a high level of technical equipment that would guarantee an adequate response to both existing and potential threats to the territorial integrity and sovereignty of the state, as well as contributing to the growth of the political weight of the state at the regional and international levels.

Information sources:
Foreign military review. - 2013. - №8. - C. 19-23
Materials from open sources.
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  1. Vard
    Vard 29 March 2018 15: 05
    By the way, this is the merit of Pinochet ... he raised the economy ... and the sun ...
    1. Safevi
      Safevi 29 March 2018 19: 08
      Yes, Pinochet has done a lot for Chile. It was the communists and socialists under Allende who brought the country to a pen. People were really starving. And Pinochet with a firm hand brought the country to the forefront.
      1. Okolotochny
        Okolotochny 30 March 2018 13: 32
        Before writing, it would not be bad to get acquainted with the mathematical part. You did not bother, so I will explain to you:
        One of Allende’s main reforms was the nationalization of copper mining (the author directly says that this is the main article in the financing of the Armed Forces). This was opposed by a number of TNCs, mainly from the USA. Chile actually found itself in a blockade (finance). The coup, Pinochet and ....... nationalization of the copper mining industry, he was allowed to. Now prove to me that Allende sucks, and Pinochet is a genius.
        1. YaistoriK
          YaistoriK 21 May 2020 14: 46
          oh lol. you yourself would familiarize yourself with the mat part b. during the cadence of montalva, copper was chilled, namely the state owned 51% of all companies associated with this industry + agrarian reform and tax
  2. Thunderbolt
    Thunderbolt 29 March 2018 15: 10
    In the Chilean armed forces there is always German order ...
    1. Borik
      Borik 29 March 2018 15: 33
      Looking at this photo from the parade, I really thought that it was filmed somewhere in Germany at the end of the 30s.
      1. Thunderbolt
        Thunderbolt 29 March 2018 15: 58
        It’s true that German helmets were dispelled en masse to many countries of the world, but the Chilean army is like preserving the Reich parades, you can feel the “Prussian spirit” It’s not only helmets that got there after the war ... and the infantry rucksacks worn by the Chilean guards, in the photo they really are not visible..
        1. Borik
          Borik 29 March 2018 16: 11
          In the photo, these satchels are clearly visible.
        2. 210ox
          210ox 29 March 2018 16: 18
          They look like the Chinese of the 30s. The same helmets and uniforms are similar ... The eyes really let us down a bit .. But their army is really good.
          Quote: Thunderbolt
          It’s true that German helmets were dispelled en masse to many countries of the world, but the Chilean army is like preserving the Reich parades, you can feel the “Prussian spirit” It’s not only helmets that got there after the war ... and the infantry rucksacks worn by the Chilean guards, in the photo they really are not visible..
          1. Mikado
            Mikado 29 March 2018 19: 42
            They are similar to the Chinese of the 30s.

            these helmets were used by both the Chinese and even DRA soldiers. Perhaps the most common helmet in the world.
      2. Romka47
        Romka47 29 March 2018 16: 43
        You got me ahead with koment, well, you have the Germans in color!
  3. Monarchist
    Monarchist 29 March 2018 15: 17
    Quote: Vard
    By the way, this is the merit of Pinochet ... he raised the economy ... and the sun ...

    Unfortunately this is the case. Agusto Pinochet is not the "cutest" ruler, but he pulled Chile
    1. Proxima
      Proxima 29 March 2018 15: 35
      Quote: Monarchist
      Agusto Pinochet is not the "cutest" ruler, but he is Chile pulled up

      И pulled up and pulled. Pinochet's economic policies are greatly exaggerated. The cat wept for his merits there. Gigantic deposits of copper decided everything. And no economic miracle (actually a fake one) can be exchanged for this: “The notorious National Stadium in Santiago, turned by the junta into a concentration camp, accommodates 80 thousand people. In the first month, the number of those arrested at the stadium averaged 12–15 thousand people a day. The stadium is adjacent to the velodrome with stands for 5 thousand seats. Velodrome was the main place of torture, interrogation and executions. According to numerous testimonies of witnesses, including foreigners, they were shot there daily. from 50 to 250 people. In addition, the Chile stadium, which accommodated 5 thousand spectators, was turned into a concentration camp, but it contained up to 6 thousand arrested people. At the stadium "Chile", according to survivors, torture was especially monstrous and turned into medieval executions. A group of Bolivian scientists who arrived at the Chile stadium and miraculously survived gave evidence that they saw in the locker room and in the premises of the stadium’s first-aid post decapitated human bodies, quartered corpses, corpses with open stomachs and chests, corpses of women with cut breasts. In this form, the military did not risk sending corpses to the morgues - they took them in refrigerators to the port of Valparaiso and dumped them into the sea there. ”
      In the coffin, I saw such a "pull-up".
      1. Normal ok
        Normal ok 29 March 2018 20: 36
        Quote: Proxima
        Pinochet's economic policies are greatly exaggerated. The cat wept for his merits there. Gigantic deposits of copper decided everything.

        Venezuela also has its own "giant deposits" of oil. But Maduro skillfully profiled them. So, Pinochet still has merit.
        1. Proxima
          Proxima 29 March 2018 22: 04
          Quote: Normal ok
          Venezuela also has its own "giant deposits" of oil. But Maduro skillfully profiled them. So, Pinochet still has merit.

          Pinochet’s “merit” is only that he returned all the enterprises nationalized by Allende back to American corporations, but they threw a bone like a dog to him in gratitude. This "bone" is the "economic miracle" in Chile. If we want to know about the real economic miracle, then let's see what Allende did, he began to pursue the "Chilean path to socialism." For three years the government of "National Unity" nationalized, that is, handed over to the state’s hands the country's main natural resources: copper and iron ore deposits, coal deposits, saltpeter etc. A public sector of the economy was created that included the lion's share of Chilean industry. Under the control of the state was the banking sector and foreign trade. The Allende government restored relations with Cuba and amnestied political prisoners.
          The state got its hands on a substantial financial resource, which previously sailed away in the form of profit into the hands of the owners of enterprises. It allowed significantly raise the living standards of the population. The minimum real wage of production workers has been increased on 56% during the first quarter of 1971, while in the same period the real minimum wage of white-collar workers was increased by 23%. As a result, the purchasing power of the population increased by 28% from November 1970 to July-October 1971. Inflation declined from 36,1% in 1970 to 22,1% in 1971, while the average real wages increased by 22,3% during 1971 (we would have such successes in one year).
          The Allende government expropriated all land holdings that exceeded eighty “main” ha, so that over the course of eighteen months all Chilean latifundia were abolished.
          Minimum pensions were increased by amounts equal to double or triple inflation. Between 1970 and 1972, such pensions increased by a total of 550%.
          For the year term Allende economic results were very favorable: 12% growth in industrial production and an increase in GDP of 8,6%accompanied by a large decrease in inflation (from 34,9% to 22,1%) and unemployment (up to 3,8%). Well, then, you know it was that ...
          1. Okolotochny
            Okolotochny 30 March 2018 13: 35
            Colleague, thank you for the detailed help. By the way, Pinochet left the copper industry nationalized. And who made her like that? "Ignoramus" Allende.
            1. Proxima
              Proxima 30 March 2018 15: 53
              You are welcome. As for the copper industry, things are not so clear. It is believed that she remained nationalized only on paper, but undoubtedly the state falls into something. This (and something else) is the “dog bone” that I mentioned above. hi
              Quote: Okolotochny
              Colleague, thank you for the detailed help. By the way, Pinochet left the copper industry nationalized. And who made her like that? "Ignoramus" Allende.
          2. Okolotochny
            Okolotochny 30 March 2018 16: 36
            And then it was "It's raining in Santiago." By the way, a true communist and patriot, remained at his post, with weapons in his hands.
            1. Proxima
              Proxima 30 March 2018 20: 22
              Quote: Okolotochny
              And then it was "It's raining in Santiago." By the way a true communist and patriot, remained at his post, with weapons in his hands [/ b [

              Marked in bold text, it’s a pity that there is no gold font. [B] Last photo of a live Allende with AK-47. Any country would be honored to have such a leader! hi
              1. Proxima
                Proxima 30 March 2018 20: 49
                It will probably be appropriate to publish the last appeal of Salvador Allende to his people:

                In the face of these events, it remains for me to tell the workers one thing - I will not resign!
                At this crossroads of history, I am ready to pay with my life for the trust of the people. And I confidently tell him that the seeds that we have plunged into the consciousness of thousands and thousands of Chileans can no longer be completely destroyed.

                They have power, and they can crush you, but the social process cannot be stopped by force or crime.
                History belongs to us, and it is made by peoples.

                Workers of my homeland!

                I want to thank you for the fidelity that you have always shown, for the trust you placed in a person who was only an expression of the deepest aspirations of justice and who, having sworn to respect the constitution and law, kept his word. This is the decisive moment, the last when I can contact you. But I want you to learn a lesson. Foreign capital, imperialism in alliance with reaction created the conditions for the violation by the armed forces of tradition, fidelity which they were taught by General Schneider and whom Major Araya remained faithful. Both of them became victims of those social strata, who are now sitting in their homes, hoping to regain power with the wrong hands in order to further protect their profits and privileges.

                I appeal primarily to a simple woman of our country, to a peasant woman who believed in us, to a worker who worked hard, to a mother who knew that we care about her children.

                I appeal to the specialists of our homeland, to the specialists-patriots, to those who have been working all these days to foil the conspiracy, while professional associations of specialists, class associations have helped the conspirators to defend the advantages that capitalism has given to few.

                I appeal to young people, to those who, with a song, gave their enthusiasm and fortitude to the struggle.

                I appeal to the citizen of Chile - to the worker, peasant, intellectual, to those who will be persecuted, because in our country for a long time - in the attacks of terrorists, in the bombings of bridges, in the destruction of railway lines, oil and gas pipelines - the presence of fascism was felt. With the tacit consent of those who were obliged ...
                They will be judged by history.

                Probably, the Magallanes radio station will be silenced, and the firmness and calmness of my voice will not reach you. It does not matter. They will hear me, I will always be with you. At least, they will remember me as a worthy person who responded with faithfulness to the faithfulness of the working people.
                Workers of my homeland!

                I believe in Chile and in the fate of our country. Other Chileans will survive this gloomy and bitter hour, when treason breaks to power. Know that you are not far off, the day is near when the wide road will open again, along which a worthy person will go to build a better society.

                Long live Chile!

                Long live the people!

                Long live the working people!

                These are my last words.

                11 September 1973 g
                1. Okolotochny
                  Okolotochny 30 March 2018 21: 35
                  I have his wife’s speech already in the USSR. Also, when you read, the tears are welling up. And further along Lermontov:
                  There were people in our time .......
                  Yes, Schneider was eliminated earlier, they understood that with him they might not succeed.
                2. Operator
                  Operator 30 March 2018 22: 29
                  Allende was a left-wing extremist, the leader of the so-called Socialist Party of Chile, a leftist organization created by Cubans in parallel with the pro-Soviet Communist Party of Chile.

                  One of Allende’s first actions as president of Chile was to pardon 43 militants of the terrorist organizations MIR (the so-called military wing of the Socialist Party) and the Maosite VOP, convicted of murders. Allende’s other activity was the creation of a personal illegal paramilitary group of Grupo de Amigos Personales of several hundred members, trained by Cuban military instructors and led by Cuban Jose Rivero.

                  The Cuban de Aviation airline and Cuban ships transferred from Cuba to Chile a full set of weapons for the infantry division in 15 thousand people: 9 with more than thousand rifles, about 7 thousand pistols and machine guns, 120 heavy weapons (mortars, bazookas, anti-tank guns ), cartridges and shells, grenades, 118 tons of explosives.

                  During the first 7 months of Allende’s presidency, 658 illegal seizures of farms, 339 city businesses, 218 land plots in the city limits and 154 school seizures by illegal paramilitary groups of the Socialist Party and Maosit terrorist organizations were registered. The Minister of the Interior of Chile has forbidden the police to prevent the seizure of property.

                  In response, a strike by a truck drivers union swept through the country. Union members, who overwhelmingly owned one or two trucks, protested against government plans to nationalize transport. 45 of other trade unions joined them: workers, peasants, pilots, students, shopkeepers.

                  Allende had to introduce the military into the government. The leadership of the Chilean armed forces managed to persuade the strikers to return to work under the guarantee of the return of the selected property. In 1973, socialist candidates who previously held leading roles in the leadership of Chilean unions lost 80% of union elections.

                  As a result of land seizures, the situation in agriculture has degraded to such an extent that for the first time in the history of Chile, the Allende government introduced cards. Trade and barter exchange of products was banned, they began to "distribute". A consumer basket of 30 food has been assigned. The norms of food consumption were determined by the illegal “price and supply committees”: Juntas de Abastecimiento y Precios (JAP). Peasants also received products through JAP, which took agricultural products from them at a price set by the government.

                  On 26 on May 1973, the Chilean Supreme Court accused the Allende government of openly and intentionally violating the laws and constitution of the country.

                  On 28 on June 1973, a group of tank regiment officers revolt, which was suppressed on the same day, but Allende’s supporters, at his call, took up pre-trained positions at nationalized enterprises in the industrial zone of Santiago and the canidoules surrounding the city and began open armed patrols. Pinochet and his colleagues are closely following what is happening, noting all the potential nodes of resistance to their planned coup. Among other things, the fact was noted that there were disastrously few supporters who were ready to support Allende at the decisive moment.

                  On 7 on August 1973, the Navy command of Chile announces the disclosure of a military conspiracy at the naval bases of Talcahuano and Valparaiso. A group of Socialist Party supporters decided to give Allende a formal reason to declare martial law throughout the country and dissolve parliament. The plan was to raise a rebellion on two ships, kill the senior officers, bombard the naval base - and then present the case as "the suppression of the fascist officers' revolt against the legitimate government by revolutionary sailors." It turns out that the provocation was organized by the second person in the Socialist Party of Altamirano and the leader of the "fighting wing" of the MIR socialists Miguel Enriques.

                  On 22 on August 1973, the Chilean parliament passed a resolution accusing the Allende government of systematic violations of the laws and constitution of the country.

                  On 30 on August 1973, during an army raid against a training base for MIR militants, the production of improvised grenades and explosives was discovered in an amount comparable to or greater than its presence at a nearby air force base.

                  On 11 of September 1973, the Allende government was overthrown, Allende himself committed suicide, despite the guarantees of unhindered departure from the country.

                  All Allende’s radio calls to the working people for armed resistance ended in nothing. At the same time, the military was preparing for at least three-day battles and the loss of about 5 thousand people.

                  Most of the country's population met a military coup as liberation. The two former presidents of Chile are the direct predecessor of Allende Eduardo Frei Montalva and the president of the left bloc in 1947-1952. Gabriel Gonzales Videla made public gratitude to the military.

                  On September 12 on 1973, the Chilean Supreme Court unanimously supports the military.

                  Documents about the preparation of a coup d'etat — the Zeta plan on Chile’s Independence Day on September 18 of September 1973, when the main figures of the government and the armed forces gathered for a festive meeting — were published.

                  Opposition Chileans began to leave - those who were forced to flee from the Allende government returned to meet them.

                  With the exception of Allende, not a single member of his government was killed. 14 September 1973 year, all former members of the government were invited to leave the country.
      2. Normal ok
        Normal ok 29 March 2018 20: 41
        Quote: Proxima
        In this form, the military did not risk sending corpses to the morgues - they took them in refrigerators to the port of Valparaiso and dumped them into the sea there. ”

        Yes, here half of the site (judging by the comments) is ready to arrange something like this in relation to liberals, ukrokhokhlam, etc. etc. by the list.
  4. Doctor Evil
    Doctor Evil 29 March 2018 16: 02
    It’s good that the Argentines canceled Operation Sovereignty at the last moment.
  5. Pan_hrabio
    Pan_hrabio 29 March 2018 16: 16

    On the basis of the Copper Act, as early as 1958, the state company Kodelko annually transfers 10 percent of its export profit (but not less than $ 240 million) for these purposes. Incoming funds are accumulated in the accounts of a specially created fund at the Central Bank of Chile, after which they are spent exclusively on the purchase and modernization of weapons and military equipment.
  6. mavrus
    mavrus 29 March 2018 16: 18
    Quote: Vard
    By the way, this is the merit of Pinochet ... he raised the economy ... and the sun ...

    Pinochet’s merit ... Storyteller ... I do not argue about the army. And about the economy, it’s for our liberals ... I remember how they rubbed them in the nineties that the IMF and Pinochet had gone all out for eighteen years (since 1973), and finally reached the level of 1970, when with the arrival of Allende , The United States, together with multinational companies, brought down the economy of Chile with its sanctions.
  7. Normal ok
    Normal ok 29 March 2018 20: 33
    On the basis of the “Copper Law” dating back to 1958, for this purpose, the state-owned company Kodelko annually transfers 10 percent of its export profit (but not less than 240 million dollars).

    This is called an adequate approach to the use of national resources.
  8. tima_ga
    tima_ga 30 March 2018 22: 16
    "... The basis of the surface forces of the fleet is 3 new frigates" Almirante Cochrane "..." I would not call the newest frigates launched in the early 80s, but in the region, against the background of neighbors, they really represent strength .
  9. Rosenblum
    Rosenblum 12 February 2020 21: 51
    Why such an excess army in the absence of potential enemies?
    Why 172 Leopard 2 a4 in absolutely anti-tank terrain?
    How much money is empty: servicing these pieces of iron for salaries to these loafers in uniform, instead of investing in the real sector.