Military Review

Will VKS protect our Far East? Past and Present 11 th Red Banner Army Aerospace Forces. H. 1

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During the recent message to the Federal Assembly, President of Russia V.V. Putin announced information on the development of a number of weapons models in our country, which today have no serial equivalents abroad. This statement, which caused a considerable rise in patriotic sentiments among a part of our country's population, made on the eve of the presidential election, certainly strengthened the position of the current head of state in the election campaign. But it will be possible to judge how the announced weapons models will increase our defense capability only after they complete the entire test cycle and begin to enter the troops in significant quantities. At the same time, it can be noted that the main part of the presented advanced weapons is intended for “strategic deterrence” of our main “probable partner”, into whose financial system we regularly make multibillion-dollar injections. It is clear that these samples are not applicable in armed regional conflicts, since their use is very likely to put the world on the brink of a nuclear missile catastrophe. At the same time, in the future, the scenario in which distant from the central part of the country areas may be subjected to aggression without the use of nuclear weapons is not completely excluded. weapons. First of all, it concerns the Kaliningrad region, which is an isolated Russian enclave and our sparsely populated Far Eastern territories, connected to the center by a narrow string of Trans-Siberian Railway.


As you know, at present the main striking force in a non-nuclear conflict is air attack weapons: long-range bombers, tactical and carrier-based attack aircraft aviation, combat helicopters, reconnaissance and strike unmanned aerial vehicles and cruise missiles. As the experience of the use of military aircraft of Western countries in operations to "establish democracy" shows, not only troops, defense facilities, transport communications and communications centers are bombed, but also the infrastructure that ensures the livelihoods of the population. Due to its geographical location and climatic factors, the Russian Far East is particularly vulnerable in this regard. Winter in most of the Far Eastern Federal District begins early. So, in the Komsomolsk-on-Amur region, a stable snow cover is formed in late October - early November and lasts until mid-April. The middle course of the Amur is far from the northernmost part of the Far East, in Tynda or in New Urgal even colder. In the event of the destruction of energy facilities in winter, when outside the windows of apartments it is below -30 ° C, the bulk of the urban population will be put on the brink of survival. A few objects with autonomous heating and houses in the countryside simply can not accept all those in need. Those who visited the Far East north of Khabarovsk could not help but notice how rarely settlements are located, even along federal highways, and how few local residents there are.

Experts know that the objects of electricity and heat are very susceptible to various man-made accidents, they are even more vulnerable in the event of deliberate air strikes. So for the failure of the heat and power plant it is enough to “successfully” hit one cruise missile or a bombs caliber 250-500 kg. Damage to the generating capacity of one of the power plants will inevitably cause a failure in the entire system. And the destruction of transformer substations will lead to emergency shutdown of high-voltage power lines tied into a single power system. Transport rail hubs, oil and gas pumping stations and oil refineries in Khabarovsk and Komsomolsk-on-Amur, supplying the region with hydrocarbon fuels are no less vulnerable.

It cannot be said that the Russian Far East is deprived of anti-aircraft and air cover. But in comparison with the times of the USSR, it is a shadow of former power. The number of positions of anti-aircraft missile systems and the number of fighter-interceptors covering the Far Eastern military-industrial centers decreased several times. By the time of the collapse of the USSR, there were three corps (11, 8 and 23) and four air defense divisions in the 72-th Separate Air Defense Army with headquarters in Khabarovsk. Under the cover of the 11-th OA, the air defenses were part of Eastern Siberia and the entire Far Eastern region, including Chukotka, Kamchatka, Sakhalin, the Kuril Islands, the Amur Region, the Khabarovsk and Primorsky Krai.

A separate Far Eastern Air Defense Army was created on 4 on April 1945 of the year. 24 March 1960 of the year issued an order to form the 11-th Separate army of air defense. And from April 30 1975, the 11-I Air Defense Army became the Red Banner. In the summer of 1998, due to the association of the Air Force and Air Defense, the name was changed to the 11-th separate Red Banner Army Air Force and Air Defense. Before 2015, the name of the operational connection was changed several times, as if the renames could increase the combat power.

In Soviet times, the headquarters of the 8 Air Defense Corps in Komsomolsk-on-Amur managed the actions of the anti-aircraft missile brigade and two anti-aircraft missile regiments. The air situation over the Khabarovsk Territory was controlled by two radio engineering brigades and two radio engineering regiments. The corps was subordinated to the 28-I Fighter Division.


One of the first production Su-27Ps currently installed not far from the headquarters of the 23-iap at the Dzyomgi airfield in Komsomolsk-on-Amur

The division included the 60 th Fighter Aviation Regiment, stationed at the Dzyomgi airfield, which by the end of the 80-x was the first to master the Su-27П interceptors, simultaneously operating the Su-15ТM. The MiG-10ML 23-iap and Su-301P 27-iap were based at the Kalinka airfield (216 section) near Khabarovsk. The ports of Sovetskaya Gavan and Vanino defended the 308-iap on MiG-21bis and MiG-23MLA interceptors, based on the Postova airfield near the village of Zaveta Ilyich.

The 23 KPVO with its headquarters in Vladivostok had an anti-aircraft missile brigade and an anti-aircraft missile regiment, a radio engineering brigade and a radio engineering regiment. The southern and central parts of Primorye were defended by the 22 th guards on the MiG-23MLD from the Central Corner airfield and the 47 ss on Su-27P based on the Zolotaya Dolina airfield. On the airfield "Sokolovka" not far from the village of Chuguyevka there were MiG-25PD / PDS and MiG-31 530-iap.

The headquarters of the 72 Corps was located in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. It consisted of a radio-technical and anti-aircraft missile brigade, whose main task was to defend the base of underwater strategic missile carriers in Avacha Bay. Around Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky were deployed: two C-200ВМ and eleven C-75 and C-125 air defense missile systems. At the end of 80, Kamchatka's air defense was reinforced by three C-300PS air defense divisions. At the airfield Yelizovo based 865 th iap on the MiG-31.

The air borders of the 5000 km stretch of the state border: from the coast along the Tatar Strait, Sakhalin Island and the Kuril Islands were the responsibility zone of the 40 Fighter Air Defense Fighter Division. In service with the 365-iap deployed at the Sokol airfield in 8 km south of the city of Dolinsk on Sakhalin, stood the MiG-31. On the eastern outskirts of the urban-type settlement Smirnykh, in 360 km from Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, the 528 th Fighter Aviation Regiment was based, flying at Mig-23ML. At the Petrel airfield located on Iturup, 41-iap armed with MiG-23MLD was deployed.

The most northerly in the Far East was the 25-air defense division deployed in Chukotka with headquarters in the village of Coal Mines. The division included the 129 radio control brigade, the 762 th anti-aircraft missile regiment (three C-75 air defense missile systems) and the 171 ip on Su-15ТМ. The headquarters of the 29 division of the air defense was in Belogorsk. The division included anti-aircraft missile and radio engineering brigades. The 24 Division of the Air Defense Division, with its headquarters in Khomutovo (Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk), was in the area of ​​responsibility for Sakhalin Island, which in 1990 was defended by two anti-aircraft missile regiments that included the X-NUMX C-9-75 and C-3-P radio and radio-technical regiment.


Starting position of the С-200ВМ


At the time of the collapse of the USSR, the Far Eastern frontiers guarded more than 60 anti-aircraft missile divisions C-75М2 / М2, С-125М / М1, С-200В / ВМ and С-300ПС. The anti-aircraft missile division is a subdivision capable, if necessary, to conduct combat operations independently for some time, apart from the main forces. The mixed-type anti-aircraft missile brigade could have from 2 to 6 target channels (zrdn) long-range air defense systems С-200, and 10-14 зрнн С-75 and С-125. The composition of the anti-aircraft missile regiments usually consisted of three to five medium-range C-75 or C-300PS. Also in the Air Defense Forces of the Ground Forces of the Far Eastern Military District there were numerous short-range air defense systems for the regimental level Strela-1, Strela-10 and ZSU-23-4 Shilka, divisional missile systems Osa-AK / AKM and Kub. and also the Krug-M / M1 air defense system of front or army submission.

Will VKS protect our Far East? Past and Present 11 th Red Banner Army Aerospace Forces. H. 1

Radar meter range 5H84A (Defense-14)


As of 1991, there was a continuous radar field over the entire territory of the Far East. Permanent radar posts were duplicated and blocked coverage areas. The radiotechnical units of the country's air defense forces were armed with radars: П-12М, П-14, ПНХНВХ, П-18, П-19М, П-35, П-37, 80Н5А, 84Ж19, 6XHHXXHHXXXHXXX22XXXHHXXHHXXXHXXX6XXXXXX44X as well as radio altimeters: PRV-6, PRV-68, PRV-11.


Radio Altitude PRV-11


Surveillance clerks


Radio Altitude PRV-17


Not far from Lian, in the 30-km northeast of Komsomolsk-on-Amur, in the second half of the 80-s, the transmitting antenna of the Doug radar station began to function. The receiving antenna was located in 60 km south of, in the vicinity of the Bolshaya Kartel settlement. In addition to the early detection of launching ballistic missiles, the Duga radar-based ground defense missile system could detect airplanes flying at medium and high altitudes from the east.

In the armament of the fighter air regiments of the USSR Air Defense Forces deployed in the Far East, without taking into account the Yak-28P, Su-15 and MiG-23 aircraft that were in storage, there were more than 300 interceptor fighters. After retraining to new equipment, the remaining types of fighters of the old types were often operated in parallel. So at the Dzemgi airfield, pilots of the 60-iap simultaneously with the development of the Su-27P flew the Su-15TM.


This color carried some interceptors Su-15TM curtain in his career


The old interceptors for several more years after the complete transition to the Su-27P were stored in caponiers in the northern part of the airfield. A large storage base for fighter-interceptor air defenses in Soviet times was located at the Khurba airfield, 30 km south of Komsomolsk-on-Amur. Here, dozens of Su-90 and Yak-15П were on conservation until the beginning of 28-x. In addition to specialized air defense interceptor fighters, MiG-23ML / MLD and MiG-29 that were part of the 1 VA of the Far Eastern Military District could be involved in repelling enemy air strikes. In addition, the regiment pilots armed with Su-17 and MiG-27 fighter-bombers also practiced interception techniques and defensive air combat.

Thus, at the end of the 80, units and subunits of the 11-th Independent Air Defense Army were a formidable, well-organized force. The personnel of the anti-aircraft missile and radiotechnical troops who carried a constant combat duty had a sufficiently high qualification, and the equipment was maintained at a high degree of combat readiness. This was largely due to the fact that the anti-aircraft missile divisions and surveillance radars deployed on the coast were in the zone of increased attention of the US and Japanese basic patrol and reconnaissance aircraft. In the Far East, until the end of the 80-s, SR-71 Blackbird aircraft regularly flew. After the discovery of an approaching three-winged high-altitude reconnaissance aircraft, all air defense units in the zone of which the Blackbird route ran were transferred to a state of high alert. Taking into account the fact that the exploitation of the SR-71 was too expensive for the American taxpayer, they didn’t fly so often at the curtain of their career. Much more concern to the radar operators and the calculations of the air defense system was the reconnaissance RC-135V / W Rivet Joint, the basic P-3 Orion patrol and the EP-3E Aries II electronic reconnaissance aircraft capable of hanging for hours on the border of our territorial waters. However, after the plane, which was inconsiderately approaching our air line, was taken on a radar accompaniment to highlight the C-200 SAM, or the Soviet interceptors flew in the direction of the air interceptors hastily retreated.


Radar of illumination of the purpose ZRK C-200B


At the end of the 80s, in the event of a conflict between the Soviet Union and the United States without the use of strategic nuclear weapons, faced only with the air defense missile forces of the USSR, American military aircraft would have suffered huge losses. After 1991, the rapid degradation of the air defense system began. Many remote radar posts were eliminated, which adversely affected the capabilities of timely notification of air defense units, especially in the sparsely populated northern territories. By the 1995, all the fighter regiments armed with MiG-23, MiG-25 and Su-15 fighters were disbanded in the Far East. Also in the middle of the 90-x almost all the C-75 and C-125 SAMs were decommissioned. Long-range S-200 lasted a little longer - until the beginning of the 21-century. In the course of several stages of “reorganization”, “reforming”, “optimization” and “giving a new look”, parts and formations underwent a landslide reduction, and the number of air defense forces decreased several times in comparison with Soviet times. At the same time, command posts, communications centers, and military camps were abandoned and destroyed. The number of operating military airfields has decreased several times, abandoned capital runways quickly declined, a significant part of the former military airfields can no longer be restored, since the runway concrete slabs were dismantled.

The fate of the aviation equipment of the disbanded Far Eastern fighter regiments was sad. For literally a couple of years, all the "obsolete" airplanes ruthlessly cut into scrap metal. It didn’t get any better with the anti-aircraft missile systems and radars that were removed from combat duty. Although the main part of the air defense system, the automated control system and the radar station was transferred to the storage bases, the equipment was usually not properly preserved. Cabs and hardware with sophisticated electronics were stored in the open air, often without proper security. Very soon, points of reception of radio components containing precious metals were opened near the storage bases and within a short period of time anti-aircraft missile systems, radars, communications and control equipment became absolutely unsuitable for further use.

Separately, I would like to say how justified was the hasty decommissioning of the first-generation anti-aircraft missile systems. In 1991, in addition to the latest at that time, the C-300PT / PS air defense system consisted of medium-range air defense systems C-75М2 / М3, С-125М / М1 and С-200А / В / Д. On the "seventy" and "dvuhsotki" used missiles with liquid-propellant engines working on toxic fuel and caustic and explosive oxidizer. The personnel of the technical divisions engaged in preparing anti-aircraft missiles for use had to refuel and drain the fuel with an oxidizer in insulating gas masks and special protective suits, working in extreme heat and in the winter cold. In fact, this was the main drawback of the C-75 and C-200 SAMs. At the same time, in Soviet times, the procedures for refueling, servicing and transporting liquid-propellant rockets were well developed, and it didn’t cause much difficulty in observing the established rules and regulations.


Transport-loading machine PR-11DA ЗРК С-75


By the beginning of the 90's, the single-channel C-75 family-to-air missile systems did not fully meet modern requirements. However, the latest C-75М3 / М4 air defense systems were built in the middle of 80-x with the estimated operating life of 25 years by the time of decommissioning, 10 years did not work either. These still not old complexes could easily serve in secondary directions or in rear areas before the beginning of the 21 century or they could be sold abroad. Even more controversial is the hasty refusal of the C-200ВМ / Д long-range complexes. And now 5B28 and 5B28M heavy anti-aircraft missiles are unsurpassed in range (up to 300 km) and height (40 km) of target destruction. In our anti-aircraft missile forces at the moment there are no serial missiles with similar or large indicators of range and height of destruction. Despite numerous promises, the new long-range missile 40H6, which is part of the C-400 ammunition, en masse, has not yet arrived to the troops. "Two hundred" latest versions with proper care, repairs and upgrades could still serve. Yes, it was quite a complex and expensive to operate complex, but some of the newest long-range air defense missile systems were quite realistic to preserve, which would certainly make our neighbors more sensitive to the inviolability of Russian air borders.


Launcher 5P73 ZRK C-125M, in the background, the station SNR-125 guidance and radar antenna P-18

At the moment, the problem of dealing with attack reconnaissance UAVs, cruise missiles, combat helicopters and airplanes flying at low altitude is very acute. It is no secret that modern C-300 / C-400 anti-aircraft systems are very expensive, and it is not rational to massively spend missiles on targets that are cheaper than the missiles themselves. In addition, if mobile artillery-missile systems Pantsir-S are designed to protect C-400 air defense systems from low-altitude attacks, the C-300P air defense missile systems from low altitude should be covered with MANPADS and anti-aircraft large-caliber machine guns.



This problem could be solved by using upgraded low-altitude air defense systems С-125М / М1, which could be deployed in secondary directions and to protect expensive long-range complexes. However, in our country they did not care about the safety of “one hundred and twenty-fives” and very successful low-altitude SAM systems with a large modernization potential for the most part turned into scrap metal.

Now the Russian Far East is being defended by the 11-I Red Banner Army of the Aerospace Forces (11-I A VKS) - the operational association of the VKS Russian Armed Forces as part of the Eastern Military District. Compared with Soviet times, the forces and assets of air defense troops have decreased by several times.

The 23 kPVO covering the Primorsky Territory was transformed into the 93 division of the air defense division (headquarters in Vladivostok). Ground-based air defense forces deployed in Primorye squeezed to 1533-th Guards anti-aircraft missile Red Banner Regiment, 589-th Guards anti-aircraft missile regiment and 344-th radio engineering regiment.


Satellite image Gооgle Еarth: ZRS C-300PS position in the vicinity of Shchitovaya village


The armament of the 1533-th SRP protecting Vladivostok consists of long-range missiles C-300PS. One anti-missile division is deployed on Russian island and not far from Shitovaya settlement. Another division, previously located on Popova Island, does not carry permanent combat duty, and periodically unfolds north-west of Vladivostok in the triangle between the settlements of Davydovka, Tavrichanka and Rybachy.


The 5H66М low-altitude detector assigned to the C-300PS division in the 40В6М tower


The positions of the C-300P family of anti-aircraft systems strongly unmask the low-altitude 5Н66М detector raised on the 25 m 40В6М tower. The abandoned and operating positions of anti-aircraft missile systems, the locations of radar stations and the airfields of fighter-interceptors are also clearly visible on satellite images of Goole Earth being freely available, and anyone can find them.


Satellite image of Google Earth: C-300PS position on the island of Russkiy


The 589 Guards anti-aircraft missile regiment consists of: one C-300PS anti-aircraft missile system and two new C-400 anti-aircraft missile system. Divisions 589-th RPG protect the ports of Nakhodka and Vostochny, as well as the airfield of naval aviation near the village of Nikolaevka, where Ka-27 anti-submarine helicopters and Il-38 anti-submarine patrol aircraft are based. One C-400 division is located on the positions south of Nakhodka, on the cape separating the Tungus and Popova bays. Another two divisions deployed in the vicinity of the airport "Golden Valley".


Satellite image of Google Earth: C-400 ground-to-ground missile system position at the Golden Valley airfield


Until 2007, on the hill not far from Kozmina Bay, the position of the ZRS 300PS was available. However, after the deployment of the C-400 ZRS with the 48Н6 anti-aircraft missiles capable of hitting aerodynamic targets at a distance of up to 250 km, the outdated C-300PS was removed from this area. The range of destruction of the air targets of the C-300PS air defense missile system with the 5В55РМ SAM is 90 km At present, a stationary radar post within the 300H5А (Defense-84) radar and low-altitude stations is still operating near the former C-14PS position. Also on the position there are radio-transparent spherical shelters designed to protect radars from wind and precipitation.


Radiolucent domes and radar of the standby mode of the 5H84А meter range not far from the oil terminal "Kozmino" (author photo)

Detection of air targets and the issuance of target designation to interceptors and anti-aircraft missile systems in the Primorsky Territory is carried out by the radar posts of the 344 radio regiment, headquartered in the city of Artyom.


Satellite image of Google Earth: radar station in 5 km east of Trudovoe village

In Soviet times, platforms dominating the terrain were equipped with radio-transparent domes protecting radar equipment from the effects of meteorological factors. Along with the soviet day -GE ") and 18Л19" Gamma-С37 ". In total, on the territory of Primorsky Krai there are 5 permanent radar stations.


55ЖХ6 radar ("Sky")


Three-coordinate radar of the standby mode of the “Sky” meter range, intended for detecting and issuing coordinates (range, azimuth, height) of air targets when operating as part of an air defense system or autonomously.


59H6-E (Opponent-GE) radar


Mobile three-coordinate radar decimeter-range “Oppnik-GE”, designed to detect and track aerodynamic, ballistic air objects and provide radar information for fighter aircraft, anti-aircraft missile systems, and ensure aviation safety.


Radar 64Л6 "Gamma-С1"


Three-coordinate survey radar centimeter range "Gamma C1", designed to replace the P-37 radar and is designed for use in the AMS of the Air Force and Air Defense, as well as for air traffic control.


Radar "Caste-2E"


The Caste-2E mobile three-coordinate radar of the decimeter range of circular view, designed to replace the mobile radar P-19, is used to monitor the airspace, determine the range, azimuth, flight altitude level and route characteristics of air objects, including those flying at small and extreme low altitudes.

The air cover of the central and southern part of the Primorsky Territory is provided by the 22 th Fighter Aviation Khalkhingol Red Banner Regiment, based near Vladivostok at the Central Corner airfield.


The MiG-23MLD fighter installed as a monument near the Central Corner aerodrome checkpoint

Unlike many other aviation units, this fighter regiment in the past armed with single-engine MiG-23MLD was not disbanded, and its pilots were retrained for heavy Su-27 fighters. In 2009, the regiment included equipment and personnel of the 530 th Fighter Aviation Regiment, which was previously based in Sokolovka.


Satellite image Gооgle Еarth: 22 fighter fighters from the Iap at the Central Corner aerodrome


At present, the 22-iap has two squadrons of mixed Su-27CM, Su-30М2 and Su-35С and one squadron of heavy interceptors MiG-31 and MiG-31BM - a total of more than forty machines. In addition to the fighters that are in the flying state at the Central Corner aerodrome, there is a number of Su-27Ps with a developed resource and MiG-31s waiting for their turn for refurbishment and modernization.


Satellite image of Google Earth: exterminated Su-27CM, Su-30М2 and MiG-31 at the airfield "Sokolovka"

After repairing the runway, life returned to the Sokolovka airfield. Since the summer of 2016, it has been used as a backup airfield by 22 fighter Iap fighters. Restoration of infrastructure and the runway of the airfield in the vicinity of the village of Chuguevka, allowed the squadron of the Khalkhingol Red Banner Regiment to be dispersed and reduce their vulnerability on the ground in the event of the outbreak of hostilities.

The Khabarovsk Territory and the Jewish Autonomous Region are in the area of ​​responsibility of the 25 Air Defense Division, created on the basis of the 8 Air Defense Corps and headquartered in Komsomolsk-on-Amur. The air defense 25 division is a powerful enough unit, consisting of three anti-aircraft missile and two radio regiments. However, the territory that the 25 Division must protect is also very extensive. Based on the number of deployed C-300PS divisions, in the Khabarovsk Territory the city of Komsomolsk-on-Amur, which is the most important defense-industrial center, is best covered. In the city of Yunosti there are large enterprises of aviation and shipbuilding, a refinery, an enterprise of ferrous metallurgy. In its vicinity there are mining mining facilities, as well as factories for the production of ammunition and processing of explosives. Responsibility for the defense of Komsomolsk-on-Amur from air attack means was assigned to the 1530 th anti-aircraft missile regiment, whose headquarters until recently was in the Closed Lian. This regiment was reequipped with the first generation air defense systems on the C-300PS air defense systems in the early 90-x. There were a total of five anti-aircraft divisions in the 1530 regiment until 2015, while their usual number in the other regiments was two or three. At the same time, two divisions of permanent combat duty were not carried; their personnel, equipment and weapons were in the place of permanent deployment in the Closed Lian.


Satellite image of GooEle Earth: the position of the ZRS-300PS aerial defense system near the village of Verkhnyaya Ekon


Until recently, the anti-aircraft divisions were deployed around the villages of Lian (40 km north of Komsomolsk), Bolshaya Kartel (30 km east of the city), and Verkhnyaya Ekon (in 20 km south of the city embankment). In addition to the city, under the "umbrella" of the last two are the airfields "Khurba" and "Dzemgi". The anti-aircraft missile battalion equipment in the vicinity of the Bolshaya Kartel settlement is located on the site where the Duga antenna antenna was located on the site until 1997. At present, the 1530 regiment is in the process of reorganization, and it is likely that we should expect that the heavily worn and outdated C-300PS will be replaced by new equipment. In 2017, the media published information that the anti-aircraft systems that had previously been in combat duty in the Khabarovsk Territory were transferred to Allies in the CSTO after reconditioning.

Near Khabarovsk, in the area of ​​the Knyaze-Volkonskoye village, the 1529-th Guards anti-aircraft missile regiment is stationed. Before 2016, it included three anti-aircraft divisions C-300PS. Two anti-aircraft missile divisions are currently deployed in positions where, before the start of the 90s, the long-range air defense systems C-200ВМ were on duty. At the end of 80 for two C-300PS divisions, positions were set up near the Kalinka airfield, the villages of Nagornoye and Kazakeechevo. For the personnel there were built capital barracks and office space, warehouses and boxes for equipment. Currently, these buildings are abandoned, and everything built for the most part turned into ruins.

The 25 air defense division has a 1724 air defense missile regiment of two divisions deployed near Birobidzhan in the Jewish Autonomous Region. This is the only ZRP in the Khabarovsk Territory equipped with a C-300В. The permanent location of the anti-aircraft missile regiment is located in 5 km south-east of the center of Birobidzhan. The anti-aircraft missile divisions are on combat duty alternately, at a position at 1 km south of the main technical fleet.



Beginning with 2006, the anti-aircraft missile brigades of the ground forces, in which the long-range C-300B and medium-range air defense missile systems were armed, were transferred to the Air Force. On the basis of the brigades, anti-aircraft missile regiments were formed, which attracted combat duty. This was due to the fact that, as part of the combined command of the Air Force and Air Defense, 20 years after the collapse of the USSR, a deficit of medium and long-range anti-aircraft systems began to form. As you know, after the next decade, 1994 didn’t install a single C-300P family in the air defense forces of the country, and the construction of new anti-aircraft missiles was carried out in very modest amounts. In the 21 century, the resource of equipment built in the USSR at the end of 70-s - the middle of 80-s began to come to an end, and they decided to strengthen the air defense object of large administrative and industrial centers and defense centers by weakening the military air defense. This measure is of course compulsory, military complexes and systems on tracked chassis, have better ground passability, but destroy public roads, their speed on the highway is less than that of C-300P wheeled vehicles. In addition, C-300Bs with good capabilities to counter tactical and operational-tactical ballistic missiles have lower fire performance than C-300P and C-400 and much longer replenishment of ammunition. As for the Buk air defense missile system, this, of course, a very successful complex is not very suitable for long-term combat duty.

The coverage of the air situation over the Khabarovsk Territory and Sakhalin is carried out by the 343-th and 39-th radio regiments. In total, in the area of ​​responsibility of the 25 Air Defense Division, there are 17 constantly deployed radar posts. Somewhere from 2012, a large-scale upgrade of the radio engineering equipment of the 25 air defense division began. So, on the Amurstalevsky hill, north of Komsomolsk-on-Amur, the Soviet-made radar Oboron-14 and the PRV-13 radio altimeter were added to the modern stations Oppnik-GE and Gamma-1.

The air defense of Komsomolsk-on-Amur is carried out by the fighters of the 23 th Tallinn Fighter Regiment. 23-iap was formed in August 2000 by merging 60-iap and 404-iap before the Orlovka airfield of the Amur Region at the Dyomga airfield. According to the official version, this was done in order to improve the combat effectiveness and efficiency of management. In fact, in two shelves, the number of serviceable aircraft did not satisfy the standard strength. In addition, the runway and infrastructure of the Orlovka airfield needed repairs. After the 404 th air regiment left the airfield in the Amur Region, it fell into complete decay and is now abandoned. The Dzyomgi airfield, due to the fact that it was used by an aircraft factory together with the fighter regiment, was maintained in good condition.


Su-27SM fighter at the Dzemgi aerodrome (author photo)


The 23-iap was the first to begin the delivery of the upgraded Su-27CM and the Su-35С serial fighters. This is largely due to the proximity of the manufacturer. When basing in walking distance, it is possible to promptly treat the inevitable "childhood sores." However, this did not help much with the development of the new rocket armament of the Su-35C fighter. For a number of reasons, until the end of December 2015, it was not possible to bring to the mind the armament of the new fighter, and in its ammunition there were no medium-range missiles. In fact, the aircraft that was in trial operation for about 5 years was of limited combat capability and could only conduct close combat with the use of 30-mm air cannon and P-73 melee missiles.


Su-35S at the Dzyomgi airdrome (author photo)


According to the information provided by the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation to the beginning of 2016, the 23 of the iap had 24 Su-35С, 16 Su-27СМ and 3 Su-30М2. Sparky Su-30М2 replaced combat training Su-27UB designed mainly for pilot training.


Satellite image of Google Earth: 23-iap airplanes at Dyomgi airfield


Fighters of the Tallinn Aviation Regiment are frequent guests at the Khurba airbase, where the Su-24M and Su-34 277 th Mlavsky Bomber Regiment are also based. In 2015, the Su-35С and Su-30М2 from the 23-th IAP were relocated to the Yelizovo airfield in Kamchatka, where they participated in major exercises.

According to data published in open sources, the 11-I Mukden Air Defense Division (headquarters in the city of Chita) is part of the 26 and VC. To say that this compound has great combat power is impossible. There are no fixed positions of long-range anti-aircraft missile systems C-300P and C-400 in the territory from Birobidzhan to Irkutsk. In addition, the north of Eastern Siberia has a very weak radar coverage, the main part of the stationary radar posts in this area was eliminated in the 90-s. The forces of the only 342 radio regiment are simply not able to cover a huge territory. The 26 ADP has one 1723 th SRC on the Buk medium range air defense system (Dzhida village, Buryatia).


Satellite image of Google Earth: MiG-29 and Su-30М2 fighters at Domna airdrome


At the 27 airbase km south-west of the city of Chita, the 120 th separate mixed aviation regiment is based. The regiment is armed with MiG-29 and Su-30CM fighters, as well as Su-25 attack aircraft.


MiG-29 fighter at the Domna airfield


Currently, light fighters of the MiG-29 120-based air regiment have exhausted their resources and are to be written off. After a number of accidents and catastrophes, the operation of the MiG-29 in the Chita region was stopped, but the fighters are still on the airfield. The first multifunctional Su-2013CM multi-role fighters arrived from the Irkutsk Aviation Plant in the 30 of the year. At least 120 of such vehicles are included in the 24 air regiment ..


Su-30SM at the airport "Domna"


To combat duty in the "Domna" on the Su-30CM started in 2014 year. Since September 2015, the personnel and equipment of the 12 air regiment have been used in combat operations on the territory of Syria.


Layout of C-300PS and C-400 positions in Kamchatka


At the moment, the most northern Far Eastern anti-aircraft missile units are the C-400 and C-300PS air defense divisions deployed in Kamchatka. In 2015, the rearmament of the 1532 anti-aircraft missile regiment began from C-300PS to C-400. Anti-aircraft positions protect the submarine base in Krasheninnikov Bay, the city of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky and the Yelizovo airfield. According to the information sounded by the Russian MO in the composition of the 1532-th RPM there should be three C-400 divisions. However, as of 2017, two C-400 and one old C-300PS carried combat duty.


Satellite image of GooEle Earth: the position of the ZRS-400 SRS to the south of the Yelizovo airfield


Airborne illumination, interceptor guidance and target designation to anti-aircraft missile divisions are entrusted to the radar posts of the 60 radio regiment. Ten radar stations equipped with radars: 35Д6, П-18, П-19, П-37, 5Н84А, 22Ж6 and 55Ж6 are scattered not only in the Kamchatka Peninsula, but also on the Chukotka, and also, and to have the way to be at the line, and you will have the way to get to the object and not, and you will have to put the device on the line, which is on the line, and you will have the way to go, and you will have, as a line, you will be


The layout of the radar posts in Kamchatka


Due to the harsh climatic conditions and strong winds, about half of the existing radars are located in stationary radio-transparent shelters built during the Soviet era. As a rule, such shelters were built on dominant elevations above the terrain.


Satellite image of Google Earth: a fixed radar station on the bank of Avachinsky Bay

Contrary to the assertions of some "experts" about the presence of "missile defense" in the Kuril Islands, there are no permanent positions of anti-aircraft missile systems and medium-range and long-range complexes. There were no them in the Kuriles and in Soviet times. Several years ago, rumors were circulating in the Russian media that the Buk-М1 medium-range air defense systems would be placed on the islands, which, incidentally, turned out to be a “duck”. It is possible that there were such plans in the Defense Ministry of the Russian Federation, but as a result, in 2015, the 18 th machine gun and artillery division's air defense was reinforced by the short-range air defense missile division Tor-MXNXU (2 units). Prior to that, the 8 and 46 machine-gun artillery regiments had been deployed in the anti-aircraft missile and artillery division (49 and Strela-6 and 10 ZSU-6-23 Shilka). But of course, it’s impossible to rank Arrows and Torahs as anti-missile systems.

Control of the air situation over the southern part of the Kuril ridge is carried out by several mobile radars of the P-18 meter range. Soviet-built stations operate on a permanent basis at the Petrel airfield located on Iturup Island. Another radar station operates at the northern tip of Simushir Island, the 22-X6 radar is deployed here and possibly the P-37 radar.

At the Yelizovo airport, 12 km west of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, MiG-31 interceptors of the 865th IAP are based. July 1, 1998, the regiment was transferred from the 11th Air Defense Army to the Pacific Air Force fleet. The task of the regiment is to provide fighter cover for the deployment of submarine forces of the Pacific Fleet, to cover the places of basing in Kamchatka from air strikes, to carry out combat missions to protect Russia's air border in the north-east direction. However, the number of interceptors capable of performing a combat mission at Yelizovo clearly does not correspond to the nominal strength of the fighter regiment, since a maximum of one and a half dozen MiG-31s ​​are in flight condition.


Satellite image of Google Earth: MiG-31 interceptors at Yelizovo aerodrome


Currently, the air defense forces stationed in Kamchatka are organizationally consolidated into the 53 th air defense division. In December 2017 of the year in the Russian media, with reference to the Russian Defense Ministry, information was published that in 2018, the formation of another air defense army would begin. This structure will include aviation units, missile and radio engineering units of the 53 th PDHV. The area of ​​responsibility of the new formation will include Sakhalin, the Kuril Islands, the Sea of ​​Japan and the Sea of ​​Okhotsk.


Satellite image of GooEle Earth: the position of the Z-300В ЗРС in the Khomutovo area


There are also plans to restore the Sakhalin Island anti-aircraft cover. In 1991, the Sakhalin Oblast had 9 positions C-75 and C-300PS and a medium-range army complex “Krug-М1”. However, in the course of “reforming” and “optimizing” the armed forces, all of them were eliminated. The longest, until the 2005, the brigade, armed with the Krug-М1 air defense system, covered Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk from the south. Now on this place deployed division C-300В. The media announced plans to build a garrison for equipment and personnel of the newly created anti-aircraft missile regiment in the area of ​​the Khomutovo airfield.

PS: All the information presented in this publication is obtained in open and public sources, a list of which is given.

Продолжение следует ...

Based on:
https://forums.eagle.ru/index.php
http://rbase.new-factoria.ru/missile/wobb/r37/r37.shtml
http://mil.ru/files/files/pvo100/page80286.html
https://bmpd.livejournal.com/
http://old.redstar.ru/2011/09/14_09/2_04.html
http://rbase.new-factoria.ru
http://bmpd.livejournal.com
http://geimint.blogspot.ru
https://www.kommersant.ru/doc/1015749
http://pvo.guns.ru/s300p/index_s300ps.htm
http://forums.airforce.ru/matchast/3582-su-27-istoriya-serii/
http://rbase.new-factoria.ru/missile/wobb/c300ps/c300ps.shtml
http://myzarya.ru/forum1/index.php?showtopic=6074
http://www.dom-spravka.info/_mobilla/rl_sovr.html
http://www.arms-expo.ru/news/archive/v-nahodke-zastupil-na-boevoe-dezhurstvo-chetvertyy-polk-s-400-triumf-18-08-2012-10-11-00/
https://vpk.name/news/169541_tri_modernizirovannyih_perehvatchika_mig31bm_postupili_v_22i_istrebitelnyii_aviacionnyii_polk.html
https://dv.land/news/7378
http://www.rusarmy.com/forum/forums/novosti-pvo-i-pro.45/
http://www.rusarmy.com/forum/threads/pvo-segodnja.8053/page-95
https://su-30sm.livejournal.com/963.html
https://ria.ru/defense_safety/20171218/1511171497.html
https://ria.ru/defense_safety/20171218/1511147489.html?inj=1
https://ria.ru/defense_safety/20171218/1511147489.html
https://edition.cnn.com/2017/04/07/politics/russia-us-syria-strike/index.html
https://www.defenseindustrydaily.com/agm-158-jassm-lockheeds-family-of-stealthy-cruise-missiles-014343/
https://fas.org/man/dod-101/sys/smart/agm-88.htm
https://s3.amazonaws.com/files.cnas.org/documents/CNASReport-FirstStrike-Final.pdf
The Military Balance 2017
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  1. The comment was deleted.
    1. Bongo
      26 March 2018 15: 27
      +21
      Quote: FalconD
      THE AUTHOR DISCOVERED THE ENTIRE AIRCRAFT SYSTEM OF THE EASTERN DISTRICT!)

      Exclusively on open sources, a list of which is given at the end of the publication. In general, writing in capital letters is prohibited by the rules of the site.
      1. Poppy
        Poppy 26 March 2018 15: 38
        +1
        Collection and compilation of information from open sources is also espionage, they planted for this, there are examples
        1. Bongo
          26 March 2018 15: 43
          +14
          Quote: Poppy
          Collection and compilation of information from open sources is also espionage, they planted for this, there are examples

          Spying is when someone works for foreign intelligence, the disclosure of information contained in public and public sources in no way can not be considered disclosure of information containing state secrets. Or do you think that something stated in this publication is not known to our "potential partners"?
      2. NEXUS
        NEXUS 26 March 2018 20: 05
        +10
        Quote: Bongo
        Exclusively on open sources, a list of which is given at the end of the publication. In general, writing in capital letters is prohibited by the rules of the site.

        Serega, thank you for a very competent article ... however, you do not have others. All on the shelves and without unnecessary colors, as it is. There is practically nothing to add ... there is one point ...
        But it will only be possible to judge how announced weapon models will enhance our defenses after they pass the entire test cycle and begin to enter the troops in significant quantities.

        New samples all passed the tests ... and the same Vanguard had already gone into the series, as was announced. As for the quantity ... well, the same Petrel is not limited to any contracts, another question is how much does the product itself cost and from here they will dance with the purchase.
        But this is not nitpicking, but thoughts ...
        Summarizing ... affairs with air defense in this region, to put it mildly, frail. I can explain such a careless attitude of our MO to this direction only by the fact that the MO does not at the moment consider it of paramount importance. I simply do not find any other explanation for this.
        At the same time, from this perspective, given the state of the air defense forces in the Far East, the supplies of the Triumphs of Turkey look very incomprehensible, and others like them ... I mean, in some important areas they themselves are “without pants”, but to partners in the heat of the heat we sell the newest, leaving our air defense forces for later ...
      3. Falcond
        Falcond 26 March 2018 20: 52
        +1
        I did not know about capital letters, now I don’t understand why!) 90% of intelligence reports are generated from open sources ...
        1. zyablik.olga
          zyablik.olga 27 March 2018 14: 39
          +4
          Quote: FalconD
          I didn’t know about capital letters, now I don’t understand why!)

          Site rules sometimes need to learn, so that your comments are not deleted.
          Quote: FalconD
          90% intelligence reports are formed from open sources ...

          As far as I know, this article is largely made on the basis of information taken from the English-language sites devoted to the defense of our country. And ask yourself where the Google Earth server is located, because it was from there that the images of the airbases and anti-aircraft units were borrowed. Certainly affairs in our air defense in the west are monitored by hundreds of specialists, and they are much better informed by the author.
    2. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 26 March 2018 18: 53
      +12
      Quote: FalconD
      THE AUTHOR DISCOVERED THE ENTIRE AIRCRAFT SYSTEM OF THE EASTERN DISTRICT!)

      It would be something to "open" ... about the arrival of the S-400 in Vilyuchinsk unless the iron and kettle were not informed. smile
      But they did not think about masking the positions of the ZRV divisions from satellite observation - they did not think about it. There’s no need to open anything there - the road goes nowhere to nowhere, at the end of it there is a drifted clearing to death, on which the “pencils” of the TPK and the three-beam stars of the radar towers are clearly visible.
      We have around Peter even easier - all divisions are "suspended" on the "air defense ring" - A-120 concrete. And in general, Reshetnikovo, for dozens of kilometers around it, “shines” with its towers with radar towering above the surrounding forest.

      However, it used to be worse. Even after a quarter of a century, S-75 positions are visible: six circular PU embankments in a circle and a six-pointed star of roads imposed on them from TZM positions to PU embankments. The S-125 is no better: four circular PU embankments with a fan from the central embankment of the SNR.
      1. Falcond
        Falcond 26 March 2018 20: 59
        +1
        We have around Peter even easier - all divisions are "suspended" on the "air defense ring" - A-120 concrete

        Himself from the "St. Petersburg" ... I know everything)
      2. Amurets
        Amurets 27 March 2018 00: 44
        +3
        Quote: Alexey RA
        However, it used to be worse. Even after a quarter of a century, S-75 positions are visible: six circular PU embankments in a circle and a six-pointed star of roads imposed on them from TZM positions to PU embankments.

        There were ring positions in our regiment, but here you are still right to be seen, even those that were abandoned by our division in 1970. due to relocation.

        From the outer ring of the highway there were internal arcs of arrival into the launchers of the launchers, approximately as in the picture
    3. demo
      demo 26 March 2018 20: 30
      +2
      Google Еarth low bow for the helpful pictures.
      True, and American air defense systems sometimes skip.
      And more.
      Do not forget about the presence of inflatable troops MO?
      You can’t make out in the picture - this is an inflatable or combat aircraft.
  2. Sergey985
    Sergey985 26 March 2018 15: 29
    +6
    Yeah, they destroyed a lot. No end of work now.
  3. Amurets
    Amurets 26 March 2018 16: 41
    +8
    The "Two Hundreds" of the latest versions with proper care, repair and modernization could still serve. Yes, it was quite a complex and expensive to operate complex, but some of the newest long-range air defense systems could very well have been preserved, which, of course, would have made our neighbors more sensitive to the inviolability of Russian air borders.
    Sergei. Thank. Reminded of my army youth. Recently I watched a photo of the "D" position on Mylki. Only the ruins of our 5th division remain. And about the S-200 of the latest modifications: "Anti-aircraft guided missile 5V21V (V-860PV) is a variant of the missile intended for use as part of the S-200V complexes. In order to increase combat effectiveness, the missile is equipped with a 5G24 type anti-jamming GSN and a 5E50 radio fuse with a multi-mode algorithm work and for 5V28 missiles was used "Engine 5D67 ampouled design with a turbopump fuel supply developed under the guidance of the chief designer of OKB-117 A.S. Mevius. The engine refinement and preparation of its serial production were carried out with the active participation of the chief designer of OKB-117 S.P. Izotova. "Http://pvo.guns.ru/s200/i_vega.htm
    Such were near Sovgavan.
  4. sivuch
    sivuch 26 March 2018 17: 24
    +4
    . However, this did not help much with the development of the new missile weapons of the Su-35S fighter. For a number of reasons, until the end of December 2015, it was not possible to bring to mind the armament of the new fighter, and in its ammunition there were no medium-range missiles.
    -----------------------------
    Sergey, you probably had the appearance that the R-77 was brought to mind only a couple of years ago. There are as many photos as you like with R-27, moreover, R-27T / ET in the amount of 2 pieces are included in the standard suspension now, along with 2 R-73 and 4 R-77.
    And yet - I just don’t remember, Casta is 3-coordinate or does it give out only the echelon of the target?
  5. Sergey Enoktaev
    Sergey Enoktaev 26 March 2018 17: 54
    +6
    The transparency of our time is amazing, since Google can see everything)
    1. Sergey Enoktaev
      Sergey Enoktaev 26 March 2018 18: 11
      +1
      This is a military issue ...
  6. Siberia 9444
    Siberia 9444 26 March 2018 19: 14
    +6
    Komsomolsk on Amur to rivet and rivet fighters, Novosibirsk bombers the Chinese are already on our territory they are not friends to us and God forbid they will agree with the United States then such an attack from the west and from the east we can not withstand both economically and manpower
    1. tima_ga
      tima_ga 27 March 2018 00: 14
      0
      Well, such an attack is unlikely to be limited to the use of conventional weapons
      1. Siberia 9444
        Siberia 9444 27 March 2018 03: 10
        -1
        If a nuclear strike is permissible in Siberia, then who needs it! Oil gas, Baikal forest request better to send hordes of distraught Russophobia from the west and no matter how many millions die from the east hi
        1. faiver
          faiver April 11 2018 19: 16
          +1
          13mln sq km? :)
  7. Radikal
    Radikal 26 March 2018 20: 25
    +6
    Quote: Poppy
    Collection and compilation of information from open sources is also espionage, they planted for this, there are examples

    And the lack of camouflage air defense positions, as well as the open, crowded placement of aircraft in the parking lots (judging by Google-images) how to consider? sad
    1. Falcond
      Falcond 27 March 2018 07: 56
      +3
      And the lack of camouflage air defense positions, as well as the open, crowded placement of aircraft in the parking lots (judging by Google-images) how to consider?

      To do this, there are activities of dispersal, camouflage, redeployment .. and so on. in a certain period, the picture will change dramatically
      1. zyablik.olga
        zyablik.olga 27 March 2018 14: 41
        +4
        Quote: FalconD
        To do this, there are activities of dispersal, camouflage, redeployment .. and so on. in a certain period, the picture will change dramatically

        And why then the passion of secrecy to escalate?
  8. Radikal
    Radikal 26 March 2018 20: 30
    +7
    It’s strange why the “capers” are silent, do not blame the author of the article for alarmism, and other “sins”? lol This is very unpatriotic! wassat
  9. serg v zapase
    serg v zapase 26 March 2018 20: 39
    +2
    There is nothing special to open! Evil tongues say that in an endangered period, the division collapses and moves to a new place of residence. It’s more difficult with airfields. I don’t understand why to put four hundredths “next”. Is it possible that raids of all aviation and all available missiles at the enemy are expected at once, but then this barrier will not work.
    1. Amurets
      Amurets 27 March 2018 03: 36
      +3
      Quote: serg v zapase
      There is nothing special to open! Evil tongues say that in an endangered period, the division collapses and moves to a new place of residence.

      That's exactly "Evil Languages." It took two hours to roll out the S-75 air defense system, six hours to deploy it, plus time to relocate, but rarely what division fit into that time. So count 10-12 hours the division is not combat ready, at best. Collapse the division in winter in frosts below minus thirty, which is still a headache; one had to manage not to damage the high-frequency cables in the cold. Vietnam is not an example here, the local population helped there and threw the cable network, and the RK there were a five-cab CA-75, on a car chassis. There was no need to wait for tractors from the regiment.
      1. alstr
        alstr 27 March 2018 11: 01
        +3
        How to say it. If you want to live, then you are still not getting up to speed.
        According to our curator at the department in Vietnam, the calculations of the complexes exceeded the standards several times. This was achieved by the fact that much of what was set was simply not carried out and part of the equipment simply rushed in place (mainly the cables that were stored in the double and triple sets). Then the abandoned, of course, they tried to collect, if there was anything. Plus a clear organization of all operations.
        Plus, the complex was often not fully deployed (i.e., part of the launchers was immediately put on a reserve position).

        If we talk about modern complexes, then at the training camp we turned off the S-300 complex from the tower (who knows, he will understand) in about an hour. At the same time, there were 8 conscripts, 6 officers, and 18 snouts of partisan students (with a state of peacetime under a hundred).
        If there is no tower, then fold for 10 minutes. Turn around even faster. especially in targeted spare positions.
      2. serg v zapase
        serg v zapase 28 March 2018 00: 58
        +2
        The neighbors turned 75th slowly in 3 hours. on the 125th, the most difficult thing to do is post-1,5 hours, winter, blizzard, -15. Launch part time in 30 minutes in the stowed position. It's all about drug training.
  10. Mikhail Zubkov
    Mikhail Zubkov 26 March 2018 21: 05
    +2
    The article practically suggests attacking Russia from the east. This is indeed our weakest direction, and this is known to the enemies. He will not write down the old positions of old missiles for the purpose - well, thank God. Shelters there, most likely, have still been preserved - so this old infrastructure can still be used cunningly. As long as there is time, it is necessary to strengthen focal air defense around the main cities and bases of the Eastern Front. This is within our power, in principle. But it would be worthwhile to double or triple our efforts, taking into account the fact that the author will be able to call the aggressor to us from the east. This is not the worst option in the sense of possible losses of civilians and troops.
  11. turbris
    turbris 26 March 2018 21: 22
    -1
    Mr. Linnik, what is the purpose of your publication? Even with open sources, this material has a lot of information of a closed nature, especially with regard to the current state of the air defense system of the Eastern Military District and the 11th Air Force and Air Defense Army. I think that the competent authorities will appreciate your publications and stop this disgrace on the VO website.
    1. Bongo
      27 March 2018 08: 04
      +13
      Mr. Boris, the purpose of this publication was to show that the true picture of our defense capability is different from the one that draws the 1 channel, and the situation needs to be urgently corrected.
      Quote: turbris
      Even with open sources, there is a lot of information in this material, especially as regards the current state of the air defense system of the Eastern Military District and the 11 army of the Air Force and Air Defense.

      Of course, it will not make it difficult for you to indicate which particular information of a closed nature is disclosed? In general, for the heirs of Pavlik Morozov, at the end of the article there is a list of the materials used. However, only a very narrow-minded person can assume that air defense positions in peacetime are a secret. Or do you think Americans and Chinese are more stupid than yourself? No. If these positions are easily detected on the publicly available commercial satellite images of Google Earth, then what to say about special reconnaissance vehicles in space orbit, capable of taking high-resolution images and conducting radar scans. In addition, at the disposal of "potential partners" are numerous aircraft of electronic reconnaissance, which are daily lifted into the air. In addition, there is no doubt that foreign civilian aircraft traveling in transit through our airspace contain containers with reconnaissance equipment.
      1. turbris
        turbris 27 March 2018 11: 12
        -2
        Mr. Sergey! Neither you nor Channel 1 need to evaluate the true picture with defense capability, there is a defense council and a Civil Code for this. What you have on Google is one thing, but what you’ve got by enemy intelligence specialists is not known to you, and it doesn’t mean at all that you can openly dump analytical information on the enemy’s intelligence after that and there’s nothing to be done, why do they need them work? As for links to open sources, here you can dig and find a discrepancy with what is written in the article and what is in the original sources. For example, information about the number and types of strategic missile systems in the air defense of the Eastern Military District is classified information, even if it is outdated at the present time. You are Mr. Linnik — in my opinion, a former military man and probably served somewhere in the command of the 11th Air Force and Air Defense Army — you know very well what information can be published in the public domain and which not.
        1. Bongo
          27 March 2018 13: 26
          +7
          Quote: turbris
          Mr. Sergey! Neither you nor the 1 channel need to evaluate the true picture of defense, there is a council of defense and GK. What is available on Google is one thing, and what is being mined by enemy intelligence specialists is not known to you, and this absolutely does not mean that you can openly drop analytical information like this — enemy intelligence has nothing to do after that, why? work?

          You, despite the hostile tone, and frankly paranoid statements answered the question. Why breed demagogy?
          Quote: turbris
          With regard to references to open sources, then here you can dig and find inconsistencies with what is written in the article and what is in the original sources.

          Come on, maybe you looked inattentively, or wanted to see what you wanted? If the numbers of military units, their places of deployment and the composition of weapons are published in open sources, and the positions of anti-aircraft systems and airplanes on airfields are not completely disguised, whose merit? My? No.
          As to what you checked all the sources, let me doubt. No. What do you say about this: http://geimint.blogspot.ru/ ? Do you want me to make a detailed review of the air defense status of the Kaliningrad region or the Moscow air defense district based on the information provided on this resource especially for you? Note that this is a "potential adversary".
          Quote: turbris
          For example, information on the number and types of air defenses in the air defense system of the Eastern Military District is classified information, even if it is outdated by the present.

          Do not grind nonsense, drive into a search engine: "Third Air Defense Command", or 11-I Army Air Defense and Air Force. Or read the forums where they write the current officers of the Air Force and Air Defense. There, not only the numbers and location of the regiments are indicated, but also the numbers and the composition of the divisions.
          Quote: turbris
          You Mr. Linnik - in my opinion, a former military man and probably served somewhere in the control of 11 of the Air Force and Air Defense Army - you know perfectly well what information you can publish in the public domain, and what not.

          These are your guesses ... request If you talk like this, then Andrei from Chelyabinsk, who writes about the fleet, is the former head of the main board of the IMF of the Russian Federation. However, I left the ranks of the armed forces for a long time, and I cannot own relevant information.
      2. Per se.
        Per se. 27 March 2018 13: 35
        +3
        Quote: Bongo
        The purpose of this publication was to show that the true picture of our defenses differs from the one that draws the 1 channel, and the situation must be urgently corrected.
        Thank you, Sergey, a necessary topic for public awareness (our government, it seems, is purple). Such articles as "Trans-Baikal Fortified Areas. Looted Power," sad thoughts evoke.
        After the collapse of the USSR, new treaties were signed with the PRC. In accordance with these agreements was established, so-called. 200-hundred kilometer zone. Most of the weapons were subsequently withdrawn from this zone. Ur themselves reformed; henceforth they became known as PulAp (machine-gun and artillery regiment); respectively: 11 UR - 298 PulAp, 18 UR - 363 PulAp, 19 UR - 383 PulAAP. The personnel of the fortified areas and property were brought to the areas of deployment of the former SD administrations. The “districts” themselves and the NTT, respectively, were abandoned, and the local residents did not fail to take advantage of it when they began looting property.

        But it will be a little later. At the beginning of the 2000s, there were frequent commissions in the district. Their goal was to assess the suitability of the property of the former fortified areas. There was even one bike in the district, as during the visit of the Head of the General Staff A. Kvashnin, he learned that the property was being looted. Then NGSH demanded to report who gave the command to write off the property of the former UR. A paper was brought to him, and on it was the signature "A. Kvashnin". But to write off this one, the NTT themselves did not disappear anywhere, they remained abandoned and plundered to stand where they originally were. Just the command declined responsibility for this property.
        Next began. NTOTs began to be destroyed under the net. Shells of tanks were cut and taken to China, to Chermet. They say that the Chinese paid for it a lot of money. As a result, the fortified areas in Transbaikalia ceased to exist completely.
        Below in the pictures are the remains of the NTT, which for some reason escaped the fate of being melted in Chinese furnaces. Picture taken on the territory of the park of the former 19 URA.
        Nowadays, among the so-called “patriotic” public, it has become very fashionable to record China as the best Russian friend. And looking at these pictures, I want to explain to our home-grown kvass patriots that these conclusions are premature.
        1. Bongo
          27 March 2018 13: 45
          +5
          Quote: Per se.
          Thank you, Sergey, a necessary topic for public awareness (our government, it seems, is purple).

          Unfortunately, not everyone understands this, some live in 80's categories, and do not even think about what the smartphone is capable of in the hands of a conscript, not to mention the technical intelligence tools of "potential partners." It is easier for them to escalate espionage than to think critically. Most likely it is from a limited outlook and narrow-mindedness. negative
          Quote: Per se.
          Such articles as "Trans-Baikal Fortified Areas. Looted Power," sad thoughts evoke.

          In the Khabarovsk Territory and Primorye all the same ... sad. The border is practically naked.
          1. Amurets
            Amurets 27 March 2018 14: 06
            +4
            Quote: Bongo
            In the Khabarovsk Territory and Primorye all the same ... sad. The border is practically naked.

            In the Amur region is not better. I already posted this photo:

            There is nothing secret. Artillery polukaponir. Museum piece. And if you do not look at the museum, hair stand on end.
            1. Bongo
              27 March 2018 14: 13
              +4
              Quote: Amurets
              There is nothing secret. Artillery polukaponir. Museum piece. And if you do not look at the museum, hair stand on end.

              Nikolay, you are more careful with such photos, and even they will accuse you that you have revealed a terrible military secret, and nothing that apartment houses are near. lol
              1. Amurets
                Amurets 27 March 2018 15: 16
                +3
                Quote: Bongo
                Nikolay, you are more careful with such photos, and even they will accuse you that you have revealed a terrible military secret, and nothing that apartment houses are near.

                Not only residential buildings, but the City Park nearby and the most secret one is the tablet: “In the city of Blagoveshchensk, Amur Region, artillery half-caponier, erected in 1940 on the Amur River embankment as part of the fortified area of ​​the State Border’s cover, is recognized by the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation as a cultural heritage monument of regional significance.
                Half-caponier was preserved almost in its original form thanks to the cadets and officers of the Far Eastern Higher Combined Arms Command School named after Marshal of the Soviet Union K.K. Rokossovsky (DVOKU).
                The staff of the military university took responsibility for the preservation and restoration of half-caponier ten years ago. The work was carried out as part of the military historical activities of the FEFU. During this time, it was possible to bring into proper condition not only the appearance, but also some mechanisms. So remoteness to restore the operation of filtering installations of a reinforced concrete bunker. The atmosphere of half-caponier was filled with attributes of the times of World War II. Since 2015, on the territory of the facility began to conduct excursions for those interested.
                On the eve of the opening of the memorial plaque with the designation of legal status. Now half-caponier has received legal protection. "
                https://armyman.info/novosti/63491-artilleriyskiy
                -polukaponir-v-blagoveschenske.html
      3. zyablik.olga
        zyablik.olga 27 March 2018 14: 46
        +5
        Quote: Bongo
        Of course, it will not make it difficult for you to indicate which particular information of a closed nature is disclosed?

        Of course it will be difficult, since all this is described in detail even in Vic. It would be a desire to seek, hysteria and arrange a witch hunt much easier. To think something is not given to everyone.
        Quote: Bongo
        In general, for the heirs of Pavlik Morozov, at the end of the article there is a list of the materials used.

        Yes, Pavlov Korchagins are now rarely seen, basically, these are Pavliki Morozovs.
  12. fa811147
    fa811147 26 March 2018 21: 27
    +2
    Again on mmmmm heroism and aaaaa patriotism will we eeeeeeeeeeeeeeee? Aaaaaaaaaaaa how long?
  13. businessv
    businessv 26 March 2018 21: 32
    +11
    Sergey did a great analytical job, well done, thank you! Only when you read such articles and you begin to understand more deeply into what ... the collapse of the Union drove us to, effective liberalists - managers and Serdyukovs and Co., who absolutely do not give a damn about the country and its defense! The main thing is to cut the budget, fill your pockets and change shoes in time in time, if need presses! I am not enthusiastic about many things that happened in the USSR, but I absolutely know for sure that at that time we could say anything and to anyone, and not "express concern." And I am also absolutely against the collapse and pulling into the pockets of my country, as is happening now! Sorry for the excessive pathos - it happened. hi
  14. TELEMARK
    TELEMARK 27 March 2018 11: 38
    +4
    Yes! For a long time, I didn’t read anything like that, qualitative, informative, or even studied it at all! Question to the author, didn’t understand anything about the Amur Region or is everything really bad there?
    1. Bongo
      27 March 2018 13: 28
      +5
      Quote: TELEMARK
      Question to the author, did not understand anything about the Amur region, or is it all very bad?

      Only military air defense systems.
  15. Radikal
    Radikal 27 March 2018 12: 44
    +5
    Quote: turbris
    Mr. Linnik, what is the purpose of your publication? Even with open sources, this material has a lot of information of a closed nature, especially with regard to the current state of the air defense system of the Eastern Military District and the 11th Air Force and Air Defense Army. I think that the competent authorities will appreciate your publications and stop this disgrace on the VO website.

    And you "declare" write - we will consider! wassat tongue
  16. Radikal
    Radikal 27 March 2018 12: 48
    +2
    Quote: businessv
    Sergey did a great analytical job, well done, thank you! Only when you read such articles and you begin to understand more deeply into what ... the collapse of the Union drove us to, effective liberalists - managers and Serdyukovs and Co., who absolutely do not give a damn about the country and its defense! The main thing is to cut the budget, fill your pockets and change shoes in time in time, if need presses! I am not enthusiastic about many things that happened in the USSR, but I absolutely know for sure that at that time we could say anything and to anyone, and not "express concern." And I am also absolutely against the collapse and pulling into the pockets of my country, as is happening now! Sorry for the excessive pathos - it happened. hi

    yes good hi
  17. Fitter65
    Fitter65 27 March 2018 13: 31
    +4
    The first photo is just like a balm for the soul-hometown in which he lived for almost 27 years.
    My eldest granddaughter against the background of the same MiG-15 but on the other side. By the way, before the number of the aircraft was red.
    And the MiG-23 in front of the checkpoint at the Central Angular in 2002 was mature. There, by the way, the cafe was not bad, the wonderful dumplings for the draft “Knight of Primorye” are not advertising, these are memories.
    1. Bongo
      27 March 2018 13: 48
      +2
      Quote: Fitter65
      My eldest granddaughter against the background of the same MiG-15 but on the other side. By the way, before the number of the aircraft was red.

      You as a person all your life associated with aviation, what can you say? Has the author of this publication caused damage to our defense capability, as some say?
      1. Fitter65
        Fitter65 27 March 2018 16: 29
        +6
        I’m belittling you. People who can use their heads at least once a week to think for 30 minutes may find something different about the former air defense system of the former KDVO. And different critics who write their comments during advertising on TNT, well, this is Teresa May’s level. ..What did the damage do, the story that we still have the PRV-11 radio altimeter or the PRV-17 radio altimeter, or the MiG-17 photo on the pedestal? Placing aircraft in the parking lot? The number and composition of aircraft at the BBO aerodromes? Here the fact that at the Khurba airfield there’s another RSP-6 a military secret-museum curiosities rabote.R-140D on the basis of ZIL-157K are used as the HF station to communicate with the Su-34 or P-845M 1987 year issue? If in October 2017 the R-409MA worked for which I wrote off the documents for cancellation in 2003, then this clutch on the 4th arch will lock once again this year and again the Pose and Wheat will be connected via F ... to do. And then what can be taken in the public domain and having a little analysis put it out, again in the public domain .... This is like a humanitarian program for the understanding of stupid people, like, you can’t do a simple analysis of reality, I'll tell you how to do it in examples 10-15 years ago and as a result, the weight that passed through the horse’s esophagus begins they are indignant: "They reveal military secrets, damage defense capability !!! ,,," And the most active "experts" are people who even did not pass the military department in the Horde SSPTU-17, who don’t know how the rear differs from the front according to the combat regulations .. . laughing
  18. Snakebyte
    Snakebyte 27 March 2018 15: 09
    +3
    However, this did not help much with the development of the new missile weapons of the Su-35S fighter. For a number of reasons, until the end of December 2015, it was not possible to bring to mind the armament of the new fighter, and in its ammunition there were no medium-range missiles. In fact, the aircraft, which was in trial operation for about 5 years, was limited in combat capability and could only conduct close air combat using a 30-mm air gun and R-73 melee missiles.

    And I was hoping that in this area the picture has changed since the time of the Su-27. But no, things are still there.
    1. Fitter65
      Fitter65 27 March 2018 16: 33
      +3
      So you could read about it on the site about the state of the Su-35 in the army ...
  19. Radikal
    Radikal 27 March 2018 17: 26
    +3
    Quote: serg v zapase
    There is nothing special to open! Evil tongues say that in an endangered period, the division collapses and moves to a new place of residence. It’s more difficult with airfields. I don’t understand why to put four hundredths “next”. Is it possible that raids of all aviation and all available missiles at the enemy are expected at once, but then this barrier will not work.

    Well, probably because aerodromes also need to be covered in case of a sudden attack from the air, and then it’s convenient from the point of view of logistics - replacing failed or more modern equipment, replenishing b / c. Aviation is faster than railway and cheaper. Especially. Well, railway from some airfields and places of deployment of air defense forces is far away. sad
  20. galaktika
    galaktika 28 March 2018 13: 30
    -2
    Well, the author of the article writes such a billiard. Nobody will attack us in the Far East, they are not suicides, if they attack, the conflict will turn into a nuclear one anyway. Two Voivods are enough to turn this Japan together with its ships and planes to ashes. And these Americans, not donations, will also get rabble. I don’t know about the canal between Canada and Mexico, but nuclear mushrooms will grow and skyscrapers will fall, that's for sure. The answer will be quick and lightning fast, Putin himself warned in the message. Therefore, both the Japanese and the Americans, and also the Chinese are well aware ie, how it all might end.
    1. Bongo
      28 March 2018 13: 40
      +3
      Quote: galaktika
      Well, the author writes this biliberdu.

      Biliberda in the head of those who believe that nuclear weapons can eliminate all threats. fool
      Quote: galaktika
      Putin himself warned in the message

      Well, if you yourself, then of course ... a killer argument. wassat
      1. Amurets
        Amurets 28 March 2018 14: 53
        +3
        Quote: Bongo
        Well, if you yourself, then of course ... a killer argument.

        Hi, Sergey I didn’t think that they were fools and would get here. And thanks for the cycle, interesting and informative.
        1. Bongo
          28 March 2018 14: 57
          +3
          Quote: Amurets
          Hello, Sergey

          Hi, Nikolay!
          "Uryakalki" and "Pavliki Morozovy", ineradicable as cockroaches. However, you know - we have a lot of fools.
          1. Amurets
            Amurets 28 March 2018 15: 08
            +2
            Quote: Bongo
            by the way, you know - we have a lot of fools.

            This is precisely in the "Red Book and do not enter." By the way, Olya raised an interesting topic about the population of the Far East.
            1. Bongo
              28 March 2018 15: 17
              +2
              Quote: Amurets
              This is exactly in the "Red Book and not entered."

              Unfortunately. Moreover, I formed the opinion that dullness and nearness are encouraged.
              Quote: Amurets
              By the way, Olya raised an interesting topic about the population of the Far East.

              This is a sad topic. I already slept yesterday when she sat in the internet. By the way, a couple of years ago Olya had publications about Komsomolsk. You can look at her profile.
              1. Amurets
                Amurets 28 March 2018 15: 25
                +2
                Quote: Bongo
                You can look in her profile.

                I read before. And the topic is really sad. I don’t know, have we passed the point of no return or is there hope that something will settle down, I don’t know?
                1. Bongo
                  28 March 2018 15: 27
                  +2
                  Quote: Amurets
                  I do not know if we have passed the point of no return, or there is hope that something will settle down, I do not know?

                  I want to believe that we have a future. But certainly not with this power.
                  1. Amurets
                    Amurets 28 March 2018 15: 30
                    +3
                    Quote: Bongo
                    But of course not with this power.

                    Here I completely agree with you.
                    1. Romulus
                      Romulus 28 March 2018 15: 38
                      +3
                      Quote: Amurets
                      Quote: Bongo
                      But of course not with this power.

                      Here I completely agree with you.

                      Nicholas hi I got a little lost in the VKS - "flying saucers". - are we talking about the former 11 Army Air Defense Forces of the USSR Armed Forces? . I also gave a certain number of years just in her XHUMX \ h something says something to you?
                      1. Bongo
                        28 March 2018 16: 19
                        +3
                        Quote: Romulus
                        I got a little lost in the VKS - "flying saucers". - are we talking about the former 11 Army Air Defense Forces of the USSR Armed Forces? . I also gave a certain number of years just in her XHUMX \ h something says something to you?

                        Sorry to interfere. But the 03105 EMNIP in h was like a part of Sakhalin.
                      2. Amurets
                        Amurets 28 March 2018 23: 35
                        +3
                        Egor, I served near Komsomolsk, first ours, the second division of the military unit was in Khurba. I don’t know for what reason, but in the autumn of 1969 and in the spring of 1970, anti-aircraft gunners from about. Sakhalin. They flew to Kapyar, for new equipment. What it was, part number I don't know. Why would I remember it would seem a trifle, but it had no other form, the north: gymnasts s / w and hats with long ears.
  21. galaktika
    galaktika 28 March 2018 18: 27
    0
    And if we didn’t have nuclear weapons, then we would have come a long time ago. They would divide Russia into parts, make it a colony. Part of the French, part of the Americans, Germans, and the Far East to the Japanese.
  22. galaktika
    galaktika 28 March 2018 19: 17
    -1
    Do not worry about the Far East, everything will be fine. If that happens, then once the REBnum, turn off the GPS, put the bastions with Onyxes, well, you can still Iskander M. Oh, I forgot about the submarine fleet.
    1. Bongo
      29 March 2018 17: 13
      +2
      Quote: galaktika
      Do not worry about the Far East, everything will be fine. If that happens, then once the REBnum, turn off the GPS, put the bastions with Onyxes, well, you can still Iskander M. Oh, I forgot about the submarine fleet.

      Yes, "Bastions" with "Onyxes" running "uryalki" from the sofa is very scary for the enemy. And ew sofa systems, your "non-analogue" finally. fool
  23. Romulus
    Romulus 29 March 2018 03: 18
    +2
    Bongo,
    So for sure Sergey hi 24d air defense - area of ​​responsibility - Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands. Yesterday I reacted to Nikolai’s comment, and today I re-read the article, damn it - the first part - according to the waves of my memory, I was very touched.)
    Excellent article soldier drinks The only thing - with my own eyes I saw a moment31 on the Petrel in the late 80s
  24. Romulus
    Romulus 29 March 2018 03: 21
    +3
    Quote: Amurets
    Why would I remember it would seem a trifle, but it had no other form, the north: gymnasts s / w and hats with long ears.

    Yes, there was a place to be - this is most likely fighters from the Zdrn on Iturup) a smoker hat, a leather belt, boots with thick soles (analogous to micropores in Sovetsky style) peshuha .. drinks
    1. Bongo
      29 March 2018 17: 15
      0
      Quote: Romulus
      Yes, there was a place to be - this is most likely the soldiers on Iturup

      Yegor, and in what year and what was the day on Iturup? I frankly, heard that there only radar battalion unfolded.
      1. Cossack 471
        Cossack 471 29 March 2018 23: 31
        +4
        The cap with long ears in the North was called "one and a half salary" A and h of the article that is sad so it is. how easily weapons can be disposed of. which in wartime could come in handy. and most importantly, pensioners are fully literate. could have fought on old "dryers" on old air defense systems. Recently heard. that they will utilize the Voivode’s missiles. that amers another holiday. and we are woeful. Again not found. where they can be used with benefit
        1. Romulus
          Romulus 30 March 2018 03: 35
          +3
          Quote: Cossack 471
          The cap with long ears in the North was called "one and a half salary"

          With one long ear - the second norms are long .. I remember laughing for a long time when I saw it for the first time) drinks
      2. Amurets
        Amurets 30 March 2018 00: 28
        +2
        Quote: Bongo
        Yegor, and in what year and what was the day on Iturup?

        Sergei. Hey. I also heard about the fact that ZRDN was on Iturup for the first time, but honestly I don’t know the fate of the Nikolaev regiment, it was a regiment from the X-NUMX divisions of the SA-3 ADMS "Dvina." In 75, it was eventually disbanded, possibly sent for retraining, I don’t remember, but our regiment had to hand over the worn-out equipment for repair. As soon as the navigation on the Amur began, the equipment of this regiment began to arrive, but almost without any l / s. Machines had to be launched only from tugboats, diesel DES were started only with a torch. And yet, the “Old” Khurba airfield was used not only for local airlines, but also as a transport hub for the 1970 air defense army. Our barracks and barracks near the dining room were often used as hotels; this is until the autumn of 11. Then, in the 1970 year, they began to build a new airfield in Khurba.
        1. Bongo
          30 March 2018 07: 12
          +2
          Quote: Amurets
          Quote: Bongo
          Yegor, and in what year and what was the day on Iturup?

          Sergei. Hey. I also heard about the fact that ZRDN was on Iturup for the first time, but honestly I don’t know the fate of the Nikolaev regiment, it was a regiment from the X-NUMX divisions of the SA-3 ADMS "Dvina." In 75, it was eventually disbanded, possibly sent for retraining, I don’t remember, but our regiment had to hand over the worn-out equipment for repair. As soon as the navigation on the Amur began, the equipment of this regiment began to arrive, but almost without any l / s. Machines had to be launched only from tugboats, diesel DES were started only with a torch. And yet, the “Old” Khurba airfield was used not only for local airlines, but also as a transport hub for the 1970 air defense army. Our barracks and barracks near the dining room were often used as hotels; this is until the autumn of 11. Then, in the 1970 year, they began to build a new airfield in Khurba.

          Nikolay, the old dirt strip has come in handy not so long ago. He sat on the "belly" of the Su-24M on which the chassis failed. And the car later restored.
      3. Romulus
        Romulus 30 March 2018 03: 23
        +3
        Quote: Bongo
        Yegor, and in what year and what was the day on Iturup?

        I don’t remember 209 rds in the Hot Keys, but I don’t remember the number, but I agree with you and Nikolai - the bottom line is that he was (?) Part of the 18th PULAD.
        1. Bongo
          30 March 2018 07: 09
          +2
          Quote: Romulus
          209 rds in Hot Keys

          And what kind of technology? At the beginning of the 90-x in the Kuriles, the positions of the stationary SAMs were no longer there.
          1. Romulus
            Romulus 30 March 2018 08: 00
            +2
            Quote: Bongo
            And what kind of technique?

            It seems to be Torah, but I will not lie it is not a fact. ..
            1. Bongo
              30 March 2018 08: 06
              +3
              Quote: Romulus
              It seems to be Torah, but I will not lie it is not a fact. ..

              Yes, they were not in the Far East to 2015 year. In the Kuril Islands, the Strela-10, as part of the air defense system of the NE, was of course unable to carry a permanent database.
              1. Romulus
                Romulus 30 March 2018 08: 10
                +2
                Quote: Bongo
                Yes, they were not in the Far East until 2015.

                I myself have not seen, I will not argue .. but the rd was, or is still there request ?
                1. Bongo
                  30 March 2018 08: 54
                  +2
                  Quote: Romulus
                  I myself have not seen, I will not argue .. but the rd was, or is still there

                  Why I asked that I had not heard about the fact that the air defense system was deployed in stationary positions on the Kuriles. request
                  1. Romulus
                    Romulus 30 March 2018 09: 10
                    +2
                    Quote: Bongo
                    Why I asked that I had not heard about the fact that the air defense system was deployed in stationary positions on the Kuriles.

                    Yes, most likely the army air defense, although, logically, the Petrel was supposed to cover the air defense forces.
                    But I, too, as far as the memories, someone of ours (24d) do not recall.
  25. Ice
    Ice April 12 2018 20: 54
    +1
    But there are a few clarifications,
    1. The country could not stand all this army and fell apart.
    2. It is now clear that all these weapons for 20 years have not come in handy, and now they are outdated.
    Therefore, you can not regret that it was written off in a situation when there was no funding.

    An interesting case, with a blow to the infrastructure artery connecting the Far East.
    You can not even send a group of saboteurs, but just send a stealth drone. What is stopping him?

    And how many people live in D. East now?
    When viewed from the military, they will not care about the population.
    Because it will be later.
    Their task is to protect the points of nuclear weapons. And it doesn’t matter whether it’s global or regional
    and respond with a nuclear strike.
    Here the number is not important. The main thing is that part of the nuclear forces survived after the first strike.
    And most importantly, potential opponents should know that nuclear weapons will be used against them.