Military Review

How "General Frost" saved Hitler’s life

31
In their post-war memoirs numerous Hitlerite generals and marshals wrote about “General Moroz”, sometimes he was also called “General Zima”. In fact, they created and cultivated the image of a mythical general who absorbed all the main features of the Russian climate in the winter period. By the actions of General Frost, they tried to explain their own failures, blaming him for their troubles and defeats. At the same time, the Russian winter at least once played on the side of Hitler, who by a lucky chance remained alive on 13 March 1943, due to the fact that the bomb planted on his plane did not work, it is believed that the fuse did not work due to the low temperature. Needless to say, if Hitler had been killed by the cold March of 1943, the events of World War II and the course of the world stories might change.


Attempts on Hitler were preparing a sufficiently large number (it is believed that there were about 20). Some of them were carried out, some remained at the stage of designs. Many conspirators were uncovered and executed. In any case, the most famous assassination attempt on Hitler was the attempted July 20 1944 of the year, known today as the July 20 Conspiracy or the Generals Conspiracy. Then, in the course of the unsuccessful attempt, Hitler survived, and the result of the conspiracy was the execution of the majority of its participants and repression against their family members. However, the German military planned the assassination attempts on Hitler even before 1944. One of such attempts was undertaken by Major General Henning von Treskov, who did not share the Nazi ideology and established contacts with secret opposition groups that were going to remove Hitler from power, back in 1938 year.

Henning von Treskov - full name Henning Herman Robert Carl von Treskov was born on January 10 1901 of the year and came from a noble family of a Prussian officer. During World War I in 1917, at the age of 16, he volunteered to join the army, taking part in battles on the Western Front. In June, 1918 was promoted to lieutenant, and in July of the same year he was awarded the Iron Cross. Later he left military service for a short time, but he returned to the army as early as 1926. He took part in the Polish and French Wehrmacht campaigns. From 1941, he served as the first officer of the General Staff at the headquarters of Army Group Center on the Eastern Front.


Being in the service, he never particularly concealed his anti-Nazi and anti-Hitler views. It is known that he was extremely negative about repressions against Jews and political workers of the Red Army, trying to protest such orders. He told his colleague Colonel Baron Rudolf-Christoph von Gerdorf, if the orders to execute commissioners and “suspicious” civilians are not canceled, then “Germany will finally lose its honor, and this will be felt for hundreds of years. The blame for this will be laid not on Hitler alone, but on you and me, your wife and mine, your children and mine. ” History has shown that Treskov was right. Germany and the Germans still bear this cross, recognizing the crimes of Nazism, Hitler and his minions to humanity.

Treskov and his associates expected to remove Hitler, imagining his death aviation disaster. The planned assassination was preceded by long months of secret discussions, negotiations and preparations. The decisiveness of the conspirators grew with the defeats of the German army on the Eastern Front and received an impetus after Hitler, contrary to the advice of the generals, wanted to conquer Stalingrad and the Caucasus at the same time. The defeat of German troops near Stalingrad and the destruction of the whole German army played a decisive role. Hitler was supposed to disappear. And when in March 1943 the Wehrmacht officers managed to lure him to Smolensk, it seemed that the fate of the dictator was decided, but in reality everything turned out differently.

In January and February 1943, German generals Friedrich Olbricht, head of the Army General Directorate, and Hening von Treskow, the headquarters of the Army Group Center in Russia, developed a plan for the Fuhrer's assassination, the plan was codenamed Outbreak. The essence of the plan was to in March 1943 of the year to lure Hitler to the headquarters of the army group in Smolensk, where he did away with him. This event was to be the starting point for a coup in Berlin. An attempt could be made on the ground, but the conspirators planned to plant a bomb on Hitler's plane, sending it with him in the form of a parcel. In this case, the bomb was supposed to work already in the air during the return of the Fuhrer from Smolensk to Berlin.

How "General Frost" saved Hitler’s life
Henning von Treskov

In early March, 1943, the conspirators gathered for the last meeting in Smolensk at the headquarters of Army Group Center. Although Admiral Canaris, the chief of the Abwehr, did not take part in this operation, he was aware of the planned events and contributed to the organization of the meeting, taking with him to Smolensk the officers of the headquarters of Hans von Donanie and General Erwin Lahousen. The last former officer of the Austrian army was the only one of the Abwehr conspirators who managed to survive the war, he brought with him several bombs to Smolensk. Fabian Schlabrendorf, a junior officer at Treskov’s headquarters, who was his adjutant, and the Major General himself, after conducting numerous tests, concluded that the German time bombs were unsuitable for use — their fuses made a low hissing sound that would open them before firing.

As it turned out, the British managed to develop more successful bombs of this type. Before the explosion, they did not unmask themselves and did not make any noise. Abwehr had several similar bombs at his disposal, it was they who were turned over to the conspirators. Trapping Hitler, who was suspicious of most of his own generals, was not an easy task. However, Treskov managed to persuade his old friend, General Schmundt, the then adjutant of the Fuhrer, to "process" his boss. After hesitations, Hitler nevertheless agreed to visit Russia, while Schmundt himself did not know anything about the plotting being prepared.

Twice - in the afternoon and evening of March 13 1943 - after Hitler arrived in Smolensk, two conspirator officers were ready to give in to the temptation to change the plan and detonate the bomb: first in the office in which the Führer spoke with the generals of the army group, and later in the officers' cafeteria, where dinner was arranged for all of them. However, they considered that this would lead to the death of the very generals who, freed from the oath of allegiance to Hitler, would have to assist the conspirators in seizing power in the country.

Fabian Schlabrendorf

At the same time, there was one more problem - how exactly to carry the bomb on Hitler's plane. As a result, Schlabrendorf collected two explosive devices, wrapping them in such a way that they looked like two bottles of brandy. During lunch, Treskov asked Colonel Heinz Brandt, who was among those accompanying the Fuhrer, to bring a couple of bottles of brandy as a gift for Treskov's old friend, General Helmut Stief, who was head of the organizational department of the ground forces command. Brandt, who knew nothing about the plot, said he would be happy to fulfill the request of the general. Already at the airport Shlabrendorf activated the delayed-action mechanism, after which he handed a deadly gift to Brandt, who entered Hitler's plane.

The explosive device prepared by the conspirators had a clockwork. After Schlabrendorf pressed the button, she crushed a small ampoule with a chemical solution, which was supposed to corrode the wire holding the spring. After the wire broke, the spring straightened and hit the striker, and he, in turn, the detonator of the bomb. According to calculations, the explosion in the plane was supposed to happen at the moment when Hitler flew Minsk, about half an hour after takeoff from the airport near Smolensk. Shivering with impatience, Schlabrendorf called to Berlin, warning other participants in the conspiracy that the Flash had begun. Holding his breath he and Treskov waited for the appearance of loud (in all meanings of the word) News.

They believed that the first news could be received on the radio from one of the fighters who accompanied Hitler’s aircraft and scored minutes. 20, 30, 40 have passed minutes, hours, but no news has been received. After more than two hours of waiting, they received a message that the Fuhrer's plane had successfully landed at Rustenburg. After receiving this news, Shlabrendorf immediately called the capital of Germany, conditionally saying that the assassination attempt on Hitler’s life had failed.


The position of the conspirators was serious. If they found a bomb in the plane, the investigation could have reached the organizers of the assassination, General Treskov, which would have caused the death of a wide circle of people - direct participants in the conspiracy. Fortunately, the bomb was not found. That same evening, Treskov phoned Colonel Brandt and, among other things, inquired whether he had time to hand over the bundle to General Stief. Brandt said he had no time for that yet. After that, Treskov asked him not to worry, because the wrong brandy was not in the bottles. He assured the colonel that tomorrow Schlabrendorf would come to him on business, who would also take with him a truly excellent cognac, which he was going to actually pass on to his friend.

Shlabrendorf, who went to Hitler’s headquarters, exchanged a couple of bottles of real cognac for a bomb. Then he sat in the night train to Berlin and locked himself in a compartment, where he dismantled a bundle disguised as brandy bottles. He found out that the mechanism worked: a small ampoule was crushed, the liquid really broke the wire, the striker struck the cap, but for some reason the detonator did not ignite. There is a version that the bomb did not work due to too low air temperature in the luggage compartment of the aircraft. Thus, Hitler was saved by a prolonged Russian winter, or by General Moroz, who was so unloved by German top officers.

After the failed assassination attempt with a bomb planted on Hitler's plane, Treskov did not leave the idea of ​​an attempt on the Fuhrer. The conspirators prepared the next assassination attempt on 21 March 1943, when Hitler, accompanied by Goering, Himmler and Keitel, was to be present in Tahighaus in Berlin to commemorate the fallen heroes. The program of the event was a visit to the exhibition with the captured Soviet military equipment. The perpetrator of the assassination was the aristocrat from Silesia, Colonel Rudolf-Christoph von Gersdorf, who is one of the closest associates of Treskov. He was ready to sacrifice himself, undermining himself with the Führer. But here, too, Hitler was lucky; he practically ran through the exhibition in a few minutes, instead of the minutes allotted for the 30 program. At the same time, the chemical detonators of the bombs that Gersdorf carried were able to trigger at least 10 minutes after their activation. Gersdorf himself barely managed to extract the fuses already activated by him, hiding in the toilet.


Treskov was directly related to the July 20 Conspiracy. His relationship with the conspirators was extensive - he directly communicated with Colonel Count Klaus Schenk von Stauffffenberg one of the main developers of the conspiracy and the direct perpetrator of the attempted assassination of Hitler in his Wolfsschanger bet. With him, Treskov met while serving on the Eastern Front. Therefore, having learned about the failure of 20’s anti-Hitler attacks on July 1944, and realizing the inevitability of his arrest, von Treskov decided to commit suicide. And he tried to disguise him, imitating death in battle, to save his family members from persecution.

21 July 1944, he went to the front line, went into the neutral zone, where he used a gun to imitate a fight, and then blew himself up with a hand grenade. Initially, the remains of the general were buried in his homeland, however, when his role in the conspiracy was uncovered, they were exhumed and burned in the crematorium of the Sachsenhausen concentration camp, and the relatives of Treskov were repressed. In modern Germany, Major-General Henning von Treskov is considered one of the heroes of anti-Nazi resistance.

Information sources:
http://www.istpravda.ru/digest/2754
http://oursociety.ru/publ/novaja_i_novejshaja_istorija/khranimyj_djavolom_istorija_pokushenij_na_adolfa_gitlera/9-1-0-178
https://www.inopressa.ru/article/13mar2018/spiegel/hitler.html
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  1. Vard
    Vard 23 March 2018 05: 27
    +3
    Spiders in the bank ... They are all bastards ...
    1. Proxima
      Proxima 23 March 2018 13: 33
      +8
      Paradoxically, General Frost played on our side. Then Hitler's death was needed for Germany, the Anglo-Saxons, but not for us.
      1. dSK
        dSK 23 March 2018 14: 49
        +3
        Quote: Proxima
        General Frost played on our side.

        He always "plays" on our side.
        1. Proxima
          Proxima 23 March 2018 17: 25
          0
          Quote: dsk
          Quote: Proxima
          General Frost played on our side.

          He always "plays" on our side.

          ... even saving the life of Hitler’s non-people.
          1. beeper
            beeper 23 March 2018 20: 17
            +3
            In the Reich and without Hitler there were enough nonhumans, not to break through!
            Here they, already beaten by the Red Army, were prevented by Adolfus from conducting separate negotiations with other "general people," ideologically he did not give free rein to the Anglo-Saxons, so that with all his military and economic power he could fall upon the bleeding Soviet Union!
            Indeed, all these bloody atrocities in our country were attributed by these "heroic" generals to the "villainous orders of the Führer", pretending to be only "executive" lambs! So even ordinary Wehrmacht justify their war crimes by "fulfilling the orders of the Führer," and they themselves are kind of "out of business" ?!
            1. dSK
              dSK 24 March 2018 10: 03
              0
              "Enough to demonize Russia. Enough to threaten Russia and Russian diplomats, which some politicians again propose to expel. Enough to blame us for all mortal sins. Maybe Moscow is to blame for today's snowfall in Washington and New York?" - the statement says the diplomatic mission.
              Heavy snowfall on Wednesday disrupted the operation of transport on the country's Atlantic coast. Federal institutions and schools were closed in and around Washington.
              Similarly, the head of the Russian Foreign Ministry Sergey Lavrov joked on the eve about the snowfall in Tokyo. At a meeting with his Japanese counterpart Taro Kono, he said: "Since we did not interfere in your elections, we decided to intervene in the weather." (RIA Novosti.03: 5422.03.2018)
              1. dSK
                dSK 24 March 2018 19: 30
                0
                The weather in March is “abnormal” for the United States, for cooling too hot goals.
      2. The comment was deleted.
  2. demiurg
    demiurg 23 March 2018 05: 45
    +5
    The USSR in 43, as it sounds cynical, Hitler’s death and the world were no longer needed.
    1. Proxima
      Proxima 23 March 2018 13: 00
      +5
      Quote: demiurg
      The USSR in 43, as it sounds cynical, Hitler’s death and the world were no longer needed.

      According to Sudoplatov’s memoirs, in the second half of the war Stalin categorically rejected any initiatives of our special services to eliminate Hitler, referring to the fact that Hitler’s “moderate” environment quickly sniffs with Britain and the USA. Which is quite logical.
      1. Mavrikiy
        Mavrikiy 24 March 2018 01: 11
        0
        "Yes, you are right. But the opposite is also possible."
        In all judgments, they forget about the purpose of WWII. Exactly. It is a WWII for us, but it was launched like WWII.
        As a WWII, reconciliation is possible and everyone together pounced .... But as WWII, this is not possible. The goal is not achieved.
        The goal of WWII is to shed the world domination of England and establish gosp. USA.
        1. dSK
          dSK 24 March 2018 09: 59
          0
          Quote: Mavrikiy
          WWII goal

          Destruction of the USSR.
          1. Mavrikiy
            Mavrikiy 24 March 2018 16: 37
            0
            Quote: dsk
            Quote: Mavrikiy
            WWII goal

            Destruction of the USSR.

            Yes Yes Yes. Around the Earth revolves the sun and the whole universe. And all smart people are watching this!
            And when they go to first grade, they will stop dull, for they will learn to read and analyze what they read.
            For, World Wars resolve global contradictions. Alas, maybe fortunately, we were not such a contradiction. But the British Empire (25% of the market closed to the United States) was a very large pebble in the shoe of the United States. But the Reich and the USSR are just objects, not for nothing that they were pumped almost in parallel. Analyze the well-known Old and you will be Great repeat
            1. The comment was deleted.
            2. dSK
              dSK 24 March 2018 19: 24
              0
              Quote: Mavrikiy
              And here is the British Empire

              Parents and children. Catholics “kicked out” the Zionists from Spain, they moved to England and during the “centennial” wars they killed Christians and Catholics and Orthodox Christians (there were several Orthodox monasteries there, now there are only walls left, missionaries from the Soyuz TV brought a film about them). Then they moved to a new mainland, slaughtered more than hundreds of millions of local Indians, laid under themselves North and almost all of South America.
              Garry Es Truman, 33rd President of the United States (from 1945-1953 from the Democratic Party), Baptist, high-ranking freemason (in 1959 he was awarded an honorary award in honor of 50 years of service to the Masonic Order: “If we see that Germany wins the war, we should help Russia, if Russia will win, we should help Germany, and let them kill each other as much as possible” (wikipedia);
              Germany and Japan were placed under "full" control - military bases, marines, bilateral treaties, and NATO.
              Left over unbroken Russia. The main task" third "world". China, wise and cautious, he alone is not an adversary, he will be "persuaded" without war.
              1. Mavrikiy
                Mavrikiy 25 March 2018 16: 03
                0
                1. Do not modify. Before the Zionists in Spain there were also dinosaurs.
                2. A.I. Fursov:
                The Americans, after Britain cut off a quarter of the world market from them, were forced to invest in the economy of Germany and the USSR. And it was in 1929 that they decided to destroy the British Empire. By the way, during World War II, Allen Dulles, the future chief of the CIA, without hiding, said that "our task is to destroy the British Empire."

                3. But the main task of TMV will be solved by England and the USA with the help of cannon fodder in China.
  3. igordok
    igordok 23 March 2018 06: 37
    +3
    An explosive device prepared by the conspirators had clockwork. After Schlabrendorf pressed the button, she crushed a small ampoule with a chemical solution that was supposed to corrode the wire holding the spring. After the wire broke, the spring straightened and hit the striker, and he, in turn, the detonator of the bomb.

    And what does the "clockwork" have to do with it?
    1. Colonel
      Colonel 23 March 2018 12: 40
      +2
      Quote: igordok
      And what does the "clockwork" have to do with it?


      half an hour after take-off

      Rather, a half-hour mechanism. wink
    2. beeper
      beeper 23 March 2018 20: 31
      +1
      Perhaps the translator was not quite in the subject and incorrectly translated?
      Chemical fuses are calibrated by the delay time for initiating the detonator fuse, depending on the thickness of the wire. The article mentions chemical fuses with a delay of 10 and 30 minutes.
  4. Horst78
    Horst78 23 March 2018 07: 51
    +1
    Still quite detailed in the film "Operation" Valkyrie "
  5. Curious
    Curious 23 March 2018 09: 02
    +2
    Less than two weeks ago there was an article "Eintopf from" Spiegel ": Hitler, Smolensk and again the Russians are to blame for everything!" about the same events, only with an “ideological” bias. Maybe it’s worth somehow coordinating the efforts of the site “authors” with the goal of more productive creativity. And then there is a shortage of quality materials on the site, and then there is a repetition of the same thing.
    1. mar4047083
      mar4047083 23 March 2018 21: 50
      +1
      V.N. Smolensk is certainly alarming. But we know who is really to blame. Today we had an orange rain (spoiled all the cars and clothes), and I popularly (from the point of view of VO) presented a version of what was happening to the neighbors, as it was strange to believe. So, we have rallied even more, after the next orange filth, you yourself know whom.
      1. Curious
        Curious 23 March 2018 21: 53
        +1
        We have the same canoe in Odessa. African dust. Crete is generally bombarded. Consider yourself in Africa.
        1. mar4047083
          mar4047083 23 March 2018 22: 11
          +1
          V.N. scientists (in this case meteorologists) are deceiving us again, these are machinations ... (you know who), so that we spend more on detergents. And with an increase in the consumption of foaming agents, they further polluted our nature, thereby increasing the growth of carcinogenic diseases, and decreasing the amount of fresh water in individual regions covered by the consequences of testing “climate” weapons.
          1. Curious
            Curious 23 March 2018 23: 04
            +3
            Wash those who are too lazy to itch.
  6. DimanC
    DimanC 23 March 2018 09: 10
    +2
    How insidious is this General Frost :-) On the other hand, it is not known how the story would end, kill Hitler's conspirators. Perhaps the USSR would have had to wage war on virtually the entire "anti-Hitler" coalition ...
  7. Monarchist
    Monarchist 23 March 2018 09: 26
    +3
    Interesting story. I had already heard a long time ago that Hitler had some sense of danger: in 30 years, at least twice the unclean saved Hitler and the assassination of Treskov and the assassination of Staufenbeng only the intervention of Satan saved Hitler. Somewhere I came across information that in the fall of 1941 a couple of desperate von Bock headquarters officers wanted to shoot Hitler during lunch at Bock headquarters, but the field marshal forbade it. Presumably, the field marshal, although he had won the corporal, but the corporal was fine with him.
    Most of the conspirators of the July 20 affair despised efreitoa, but they didn’t go any further, and those like Treskov or Staufenberg deserve respect, they even did something
  8. Engineer
    Engineer 23 March 2018 11: 10
    +5
    General Frost acted only against the Germans and of course had no effect on the soldiers and equipment of the Red Army. It’s the same story as in 1812 - the French were all frozen, but the Russians weren’t - their frosts went around slender. What a stupid opinion ...
    1. igordok
      igordok 23 March 2018 11: 26
      +2
      You still forgot about Colonel Rasputitsa and Major Zarazu. And they also fought, only against the invaders, but they didn’t touch the Russians.
    2. Proxima
      Proxima 23 March 2018 13: 18
      +2
      Quote: Engineer
      General Frost acted only against the Germans and of course had no effect on the soldiers and equipment of the Red Army. It’s the same story as in 1812 - the French were all frozen, but the Russians weren’t - their frosts went around slender. What a stupid opinion ...

      There is no stupider! fool Moreover, the Germans, like the manna of heaven, waited for the frost to forge roads, otherwise, because of the crossroads, there was no maneuver for the German mobile formations (!?) recourse You might think that our technique fluttered on the wings of flutter fellow In a word - delirium and the effect of "bad dancer" laughing
  9. nnz226
    nnz226 23 March 2018 13: 24
    +3
    A bad Faberge dancer is being prevented ... They couldn’t even make a bomb really. Learned from Starinov ....
  10. tanit
    tanit 23 March 2018 16: 56
    +1
    Vasily Shukshin, the story "Miles sorry, Madame." the hero of the story is Bronka Pupkov - he knew why Hitler was not killed. And then General Moroz, Smolensk ... laughing
    1. beeper
      beeper 23 March 2018 20: 41
      +2
      Thank you, dear Tanit, for the interesting link! good hi
      A long time ago I did not re-read Vasily Makarovich, there is reason to re-read yes !
      I must say that when Hitler’s generals relish episodes of military defeats of the Red Army in their memoirs, they attribute all the “heroic valor” exclusively to their beloved ones, without referring to anyone or anything!
  11. Mavrikiy
    Mavrikiy 24 March 2018 01: 02
    +1
    German time bombs are unsuitable for use - their fuses made a low hissing sound before firing, which revealed them.

    "Hissing sound" in an airplane at an altitude of 6000 m, where everything shakes and howls .... This is a very suspicious sound!