Military Review

The current state of the air defense system of Azerbaijan

53
The current state of the air defense system of Azerbaijan



Almost a month ago, a controversial article was published on a Military Review. The current state of the air defense system of Armenia. In their comments to it, some “hot guys” living in Azerbaijan especially distinguished themselves. Obviously, this is due to the fact that Armenia and Azerbaijan, which were once parts of the USSR, still have an unresolved territorial dispute, which regularly develops into armed clashes on the opposition line in Nagorno-Karabakh. This circumstance not only poisons relations between the two Transcaucasian republics, but also forces Baku and Yerevan to spend substantial funds on military preparations. Since the military budget of Armenia is many times less than the funds allocated by Azerbaijan for defense, the Armenian leadership has relied on a military alliance with Russia. Azerbaijan, in turn, is steadily increasing the power of its own armed forces, purchasing modern equipment and weapons abroad, and is developing a national defense industry.

Currently, Armenia and Azerbaijan are not able to achieve victory in armed conflict with each other. In the event of an attack on Armenia, the Russian military contingent deployed in the republic will oppose the aggressor. And there is no doubt that in the event of an escalation of the conflict, Russian troops will be promptly strengthened by transferring personnel, equipment and weapons from the territory of Russia. At the same time, it is absolutely clear that our military, stationed at the bases of Gyumri and Erebuni, carry out a purely defensive mission and will not take part in aggressive actions against any state that has a common border with Armenia. At the same time, although the Armenian Air Force has a small number of Su-25 attack aircraft and L-39 combat trainers, and there are no capable supersonic fighters and front-line bombers at all, in recent years one can observe a planned increase in the combat capabilities of the air defense system of Azerbaijan. And this is not only about strengthening the anti-aircraft cover of the army units, which can be threatened by attack aircraft and combat helicopters. Abroad, the anti-aircraft complexes and systems of medium and long range, which also have a certain anti-missile potential, are actively purchased and deployed around administrative and industrial centers.

From the very beginning, Azerbaijan and Armenia found themselves in unequal conditions. During Soviet times, much attention was paid to the anti-aircraft cover of the Baku oil fields. Back in 1942, the Baku Air Defense District was formed. Until 1980, this operational connection of the air defense forces of the USSR defended the sky over the North Caucasus, Transcaucasia and the Stavropol Territory. In 1980, during the reformation of the Soviet Air Defense Forces, the Baku Air Defense District was disbanded, and air defense units were reassigned to the command of the Transcaucasian Military District and the 34 Air Force. This decision caused serious damage to the country's defense, as the army command did not understand many of the nuances associated with the organization of airspace control, and the radio engineering and anti-aircraft missile forces became excessively dependent on the Air Force command. Subsequently, this decision was recognized as erroneous, as the control of air defense across the country was largely decentralized. It was at this time that cases of violation of the USSR air border by Turkey and Iran became more frequent, which was not always possible to respond in a timely manner. To correct the situation and restore a single centralized control over the region’s airspace, in 1986, the 19-I separate Red Banner Air Defense Army was established with headquarters in Tbilisi. The 19-th OKA air defense responsibility zone included: Georgia, Azerbaijan, part of Turkmenistan, Astrakhan, Volgograd and Rostov regions and Stavropol Krai. In October 1992, the 19-I OKA air defense was disbanded, and part of the equipment and weapons transferred to the "independent republics".


Launcher 5P73 of Azerbaijani low-altitude air defense system С-125М1


Azerbaijan inherited the property of the 97 division of the air defense. At the time of the collapse of the USSR, two radio engineering brigades in the Ayaty and Mingechaur regions were stationed in the republic, the 190-th anti-aircraft missile regiment was headquartered in the city of Mingechaur, the 128-I and 129-I anti-aircraft brigade with headquarters in the villages of Zira and Sangachaly. These units were armed with long-range S-200ВМ - 4 division, medium-range complexes С-75М2 / М3 - 6 divisions, low-altitude С-125М / М1 - 11 divisions.


5В28 SAM of long-range Azerbaijani air defense system С-200ВМ on the 5П72 launcher

Four dozen MiG-25PD / MPD interceptors of the 82 th fighter regiment were based at Sumgait airfield "Pumping". Also, several MiG-21CM and MiG-21bis entered the Azerbaijani Air Force.


MiG-25PDS Azerbaijan Air Force


The MiG-25 interceptors flew up to the 2011 year, after which they were put “in storage”, where they stayed until the 2015 year. It was assumed that these machines will be overhauled and upgraded, for which the Azerbaijani side was negotiating with foreign contractors.


Satellite image Google Earth: MiG-25 at the airport "Pumping"


However, after weighing all the pros and cons, they refused to modernize interceptors built more than 30 years ago, preferring to purchase modern aircraft. At present, the fate of the Azerbaijani MiG-25 is unknown, at the former home-based airfield of Pumping they are no longer there.

Since MiG-25PD / PDS interceptors were outdated and their operation was too expensive, 2007 MiG-12 and 29 MiG-2UB were purchased in Ukraine in 29. In the 2009-2011 years, Ukraine additionally supplied another 2 combat training MiG-29UB. Before being sent to Azerbaijan, the aircraft were partially modernized and underwent a refurbishment at the Lviv State Aircraft Repair Plant. Modernization of avionics was to install new communications and navigation equipment. The planned modernization of the radar with an increase of about 25% detection range of air targets did not take place. Create your own radar for the fighter in Ukraine could not.


Azerbaijani MiG-29 fighter over the Caspian Sea


As part of the Azerbaijani-Ukrainian contract, spare engines RD-33, a set of spare parts and guided missiles P-27 and P-73 were supplied with the fighters.


Satellite image of Google Earth: MiG-29 fighters of the Azerbaijani Air Force at the Pumping Air Base

According to The Military Balance 2017, in the Azerbaijani Air Force, as of 2017, there were 13 MiG-29. It is not known how many of them are in flight condition, but Azerbaijani MiGs are not flying very actively. All airplanes from the 408 Fighter Squadron are based at the Pumping Air Base near Sumgayit.


Turkish F-16 and Azerbaijani MiG-29 during the Azerbaijani-Turkish exercises Turaz Şahini 2016

In a short time, the life cycle of the MiG-29 fighters built in the USSR will end and the Azerbaijani Air Force is looking for a replacement. The most likely candidates are the F-16 Fighting Falcon of the Turkish assembly or used aircraft from the US Air Force, as well as the light Pak-Chinese fighter JF-17 Thunder. In addition, Azerbaijani representatives probed the ground regarding the possibility of acquiring light Swedish Saab JAS 39 Gripen and Russian Su-30MK multi-role fighters. Possible deliveries of JAS 39 Gripen are hampered by restrictions in Swedish law prohibiting the sale weapons to countries that have unresolved territorial disputes with their neighbors. In addition, the Swedish fighter uses the engine, avionics and armament of American production, which means you need US permission. The Russian Su-30MK fighter has much greater capabilities than the JF-17 and Saab JAS 39, but after the delivery of these planes, Azerbaijan will get a serious superiority over Armenia, which is a strategic ally of Russia, which may exacerbate the situation in the region.

In the first years of independence, the higher military-political leadership of the republic did not understand the role that air defense forces play in the republic’s defense capability and therefore this segment of the armed forces gradually degraded. However, the Azerbaijani military managed to maintain a significant part of the equipment and weapons in working condition. Unlike Georgia, which also received Soviet-made air defense systems С-125, С-75 and С-200, in Azerbaijan due to the attraction of foreign specialists, training of calculations abroad and conclusion of contracts for repair and modernization with specialized enterprises in Ukraine and Belarus It turned out to maintain the combat readiness of its air defense system at a fairly high level. At present, there are one anti-aircraft missile forces that are organizationally part of the Azerbaijani Air Force: one anti-aircraft missile regiment, four anti-aircraft missile brigades and two separate radio engineering battalions.


Satellite image of Google Earth: C-75М3 air defense system position in the vicinity of Kerdeksani, northeast of Baku

Of particular respect is the fact that, until recently, the C-75M3 and C-200BM air defense missile systems with anti-aircraft missiles were on combat duty in the anti-aircraft missile forces of Azerbaijan. Which require time-consuming maintenance, regular refueling and draining of liquid toxic fuel and caustic explosive oxidizer with the use of respiratory protection equipment and skin. Before 2012, the positions of the four C-75М3 targets were located mainly around the city of Mingechaur, in the Yevlakh district. The last C-75М3 division in the vicinity of the settlement of Kerdeksani, northeast of Baku, was removed from combat duty in the middle of 2016.

At the beginning of the 21 century, the Azerbaijani C-200BM complexes underwent a "minor modernization" and refurbishment. It was reported that stocks of heavy anti-aircraft missiles 5B28 were replenished as a result of purchases in Ukraine.


Satellite image of Google Earth: the position of the C-200ВМ ZRK in 35 km east of Baku


The positions of the C-200ВМ long-range complexes (two divisions each) were in the Yevlakh region, not far from the settlement of Aran and on the coast of the Caspian Sea east of Baku. The range of destruction of the Azerbaijani S-200BM air defense systems allowed not only to control the airspace over the entire republic, but also to shoot down targets flying at medium altitudes over the territories of other states and a large part of the Caspian Sea.


Zones of defeat and positions of Azerbaijani air defense missile systems as of 2011 year. Red circles are C-75 affected areas, turquoise - C-125, dull green - Circle, purple - C-200

In 2016, according to satellite images, two anti-aircraft divisions of the long-range air defense system C-35ВМ were on combat duty at positions in 200 km east of Baku on the coast of the Caspian Sea. The pictures also show that the missiles are not on all "guns". The missiles are loaded with 2-3 launchers of six available in the system. Apparently, the Azerbaijani "Vega" in the near future will be removed from service. The C-200 SAM even taking into account the range and altitude of air targets unsurpassed in our country is too time consuming and expensive to operate. And the maintenance of outdated equipment with a high proportion of electrovacuum elements requires heroic efforts from calculations. However, it is possible that the C-200BM air defense missile systems will continue to play a “ceremonial” role after they are removed from the air defense system - they look very impressive at military parades.


Azerbaijani 5B28 SAM of the C-200BM complex at the parade in Baku


Unlike complexes with liquid rockets, Soviet-built air defense systems С-125М / М1 with solid-propellant missiles will also serve. This very successful low-altitude air defense missile system has a large modernization potential, and therefore its updated versions have been developed in Poland, Ukraine, Russia and Belarus.


Satellite image of Google Earth: C-125 air defense system position in the vicinity of Shushikend

According to data published by the Stockholm World Research Institute (SIPRI), in 2014 Azerbaijan received 9 divisions (27 PU) S-125 C-125-TM Pechora-2T, ordered in Belarus in 2011 year.



Low-altitude C-125М / М1 have been upgraded by the Belarusian NGO Tetrahedron to the level C-125-TM Pechora-2Т. At the same time, in addition to extending the service life of the complex, the immunity to interference and the possibility of dealing with targets barely visible in the radar range were increased. It is assumed that after upgrading the C-125-TM "Pechora-2T" will be able to operate for another 10-15 years.


Satellite image of Google Earth: air defense missile systems and radar positions at the ZRV training center in Kurdamir

Personnel training for the anti-aircraft missile units of the Armed Forces of Azerbaijan is carried out in the 115-th training center for anti-aircraft missile forces near the Kurdamir airbase. Here, specially prepared positions have anti-aircraft missiles C-125, Krug and Buk-MB, as well as the P-18, P-19, 5Н84А radars and modern 36Д6М.

Beginning with the 2008 year, Azerbaijan began to receive serious funds from the export of "big oil". Taking into account the fact that the armament and equipment of the air defense forces produced in the USSR needed to be modernized and replaced, the leadership of the country allocated considerable financial resources for these purposes. According to the Russian Center for Analysis of the World Trade in Arms (TSAMTO), in 2007, Azerbaijan signed a contract worth $ 300 million for the purchase of two C-300PMU-2 “Favorit” C-200 divisions in Russia, eight towed launchers in each zone and 48 SUR 6H2EX2010. Deliveries of vehicles began in the summer of 2012, and ended in 300. There is information that the ZRS data were originally intended for Iran. However, after our leadership succumbed to pressure from the United States and Israel, the contract with Iran was canceled. However, in order not to let down the manufacturer of the C-XNUMXP systems - the Almaz-Antey Air Defense Concern, it was decided to sell the already built air defense systems in Azerbaijan.


ZRS-300PMU2 at exercises in Azerbaijan


Calculations of long-range anti-aircraft missile systems delivered to Azerbaijan have been trained and trained in Russia. C-300PMU2 "Favorite" is an export modification of the Russian ZRS C-300PM2. It uses a towed launcher with four transport and launch containers.


Towed 5P85TE2 launcher from C-300PMU2 at a parade in Baku


For the first time, Azerbaijani C-300PMU2 were publicly demonstrated during the June 26 parade in Baku. Then, three 2011P5TE85 launchers, two 2Т5 transport vehicles and one 58Н30Х6 radar passed through the front parade.


Satellite image of Google Earth: the initial position of the ZRS-300PMU2 ZRS in 50 km north-west of Baku

In 2012, both divisions were deployed on the coast in 50 km north-west of Baku, at the place where the C-75 and C-125 air defense systems were located in the past. However, the divisions later divided, for one in 2014 they began to prepare a position on the top of a hill in the western suburb of Baku, near the village of Kobu. Continued combat duty began here in 2015 year. Another position is located in 10 km east of the Azerbaijani capital, near the town of Surakhani.


Satellite image of Google Earth: C-300PMU2 position near the village of Kobu


In addition to the defense of the capital from air attack weapons and strikes of operational tactical missiles, the long-range anti-aircraft missile system covers the main Azerbaijani air base, Nasosnaya, and the reserve Sitalchay, a large ammunition depot in Gilyazi and the new naval base of the Karadag district of Baku.


Satellite image of Google Earth: C-300PMU2 ZRS position east of Baku near the town of Surakhani

Attention is drawn to the fact that the Azerbaijani ZRS-300PMU2 are on combat duty in a reduced form. At each position indicated, instead of the eight statewide towed launchers, four were deployed.

The Russian C-300PMU2 is not the only modern long-range anti-aircraft systems available in Azerbaijan. It is reported that in December 2016, the Azerbaijani armed forces conducted missile firing from the Israeli long-range air defense system Barak 8. Apparently, Azerbaijan has become the first buyer of the land version of the Israeli air defense system. The complex was developed by Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) in partnership with Elta Systems, Rafael and other companies.



Azerbaijan has ordered a towed version of the ZRK and 75 anti-aircraft missiles. SAM Barak 8 is able to fight with ballistic and aerodynamic targets at a distance of 90 km. The cost of one battery is $ 25 million, the missile system has a cost of about $ 1,5 million per unit.



Solid two-stage missiles 4,5 long with m equipped with an active radar seeker. The rocket is launched from a vertical launcher. After launch, the rocket is displayed on the intercept trajectory and receives illumination from the guidance radar. When approaching the target at the distance of inclusion of an active HOS, the second engine starts. Flight guidance equipment provides information transfer to the rocket, and can re-target it after launch, which increases the flexibility of application and reduces the use of missiles. The ELM-2248 multi-purpose radar for detecting, tracking and guiding is also capable, in addition to controlling the Barak 8 air defense missile system, to coordinate the actions of other air defense units.

When dividing the Soviet military equipment, the armed forces of Azerbaijan got 9 batteries of the Krug-M and Krug-M1 army mid-range mobile anti-aircraft missile systems on a tracked chassis.


Launch of 3М8 SAM with SPU 2P24 Krug mobile SAM system


Until 2013, three anti-aircraft batteries were involved in the combat duty of the Agjabedinsky region of Azerbaijan: P-40 airborne target detection radar, 1С32 missile guidance station and three 2ПНNXX SPU. However, now outdated morally and physically, the Krug-МХNUMX air defense system has been replaced by Buk-MB medium-range complexes.


Satellite image of Google Earth: the storage base of the Krug air defense system in the vicinity of the Karashen village


At the moment, the Krug air defense system of all modifications has been transferred to the storage bases and most likely will not be returned to service, will be disposed of. The main reason for this, in addition to the wear of the equipment of the 1C32 guidance station, where a significant part of the electronic units was built on electrovacuum devices, was the impossibility of further operating the 3X8 SAMs with a straight-through engine running on kerosene. Due to the cracking of soft rubber fuel tanks, the rocket leaked and became unsafe in the fire relation.

In addition to military medium-range air defense systems “Krug”, the army’s air defense of Azerbaijan inherited from the Soviet Army: around 150 “Strela-2М” and “Strela-3”, 12 combat vehicles of the mobile floating air defense system “Osa-AKM”, a half dozen Strela air defense systems -10SV "on the basis of tracked MT-LB, and around 50 ZSU-23-4" Shilka ". In addition, in the ground units there is a certain amount of 23-mm anti-aircraft gun ZU-23, including those installed on tracked MT-LB tractors. There are also 57-mm C-60 anti-aircraft guns and 100-KS-19 anti-aircraft guns in storage. The arrows of the first modifications are hopelessly outdated, and their batteries, apparently, have become unusable. In this regard, in 2013, Russia delivered 300 units of Igla-S MANPADS to Azerbaijan.

“The improvement of the air defense of the NE of Azerbaijan is carried out both by purchasing new equipment abroad and by upgrading existing samples. Thus, in 2007, a contract was signed with Belarus for the modernization of the Azerbaijani Osa-AKM air defense system to the Osa-1T level. Modernization works were carried out at the Belarusian Tetrahedr Scientific and Production Unitary Enterprise. Upgraded complexes transferred to the customer in 2009 year.


SAM "Osa-1T" on parade


During the modernization of the appearance of the machine has not changed. But thanks to the use of new radar and computing equipment built on a modern element base, the reliability of the complex has increased, the probability of hitting the target has increased, and the noise immunity has improved. The introduction of an optical-electronic airborne target tracking system increases the survivability of the use of anti-radar missiles and electronic suppression by the enemy. In connection with the transition to solid-state electronics, the reaction time and power consumption were reduced. The maximum target detection range is 40 km.



The complex uses modified anti-aircraft missiles. The maximum slant range of target destruction is 12,5 km. The height of the lesion - 0,025 - 7 km. Coagulation / Deployment Time - 5 min. It is reported that, thanks to the upgrade, the life span of the Osa-1T has been extended by another 15 years.

There is information that simultaneously with the upgrades of the Osa air defense missile system Azerbaijan in 2011 acquired the anti-aircraft missile systems of a similar class - T38 Stilet. This complex is a further development option for the Osa air defense missile system, but due to the use of fundamentally new anti-aircraft missiles, a modern radar and electronic computing base, its effectiveness has been significantly increased.


ZRK T38 "Stiletto"


ZRK T-38 "Stilet" is located on the Belarusian wheeled chassis MZKT-69222T cross-country. ZRK T38 "Stilet" is a joint Ukrainian-Belarusian development. The hardware part of the complex was created by specialists of the Belarusian enterprise “Tetrahedr”, and the T382 anti-aircraft missiles were developed for it in the “Luch” design bureau in Kiev. The Stiletto complex is armed with 8 T382 missiles. Compared to the Osa-AKM air defense system, the range of destruction of aerial targets doubled and is 20 km. Due to the use of a two-channel guidance system, it is possible to fire a single target simultaneously with two missiles, which significantly increases the probability of hitting. According to data published in foreign reference books, as of 2014, two batteries of the Stillet T-38 mobile air defense systems were delivered to Azerbaijan at XNUMX.

In 2014, the last 76 of 4 ordered by Tor-8М in 2011 was delivered to Azerbaijan by the Russian military transport aircraft IL-2 at the pumping base.


LAW Top-2ME


In the modern export version of the short-range complex, 9М338 SAMs are used. The Tor-2МE air defense system is capable of fighting actively maneuvering targets at a distance of 1-12 km and an altitude up to 10 km and accompanying 4 targets simultaneously.

At the parade in June 2013, in honor of the 95 anniversary of the armed forces of the Republic of Azerbaijan, mobile air defense missile systems of the Buk family were demonstrated for the first time. In various sources there are discrepancies regarding the origin of the data of the AMS. It is known that some time ago Azerbaijan bought in Belarus two divisions of the Buk-MB air defense missile system, which is a deep modernization of the Soviet Buk-M1 air defense system. Each vehicle has six self-propelled 9А310MB self-propelled guns, three 9А310МБ ROMs, 80К6М radars on the Volat MZKT wheeled chassis and 9СXNNUMXМБ combat point, as well as technical support vehicles.


Buk-MB ZRK at a parade in Baku


Modernized complexes put for export, taken from the armed forces of Belarus. It is reported that a number of electronic units "Buk-MB" and export air defense systems 9М317Е for armament of the Belarusian air defense missile system were supplied from Russia. Apparently, the cost of used Belarusian complexes is significantly lower than the new Russian ones, which was the reason for their acquisition.



There is also information that in service in Azerbaijan there is at least one division of the Buk M1-2 air defense system, delivered from Russia. Buk-MB anti-aircraft systems with 9М317Е missiles equipped with multi-mode semi-active Doppler radar seeker are capable of hitting targets with a maximum flight speed of more than 1200 m / s, at a distance of up to 3-50 km and an altitude of 0,01 - 25 m.

In addition, some media claimed that Azerbaijan ordered the SPYDER SR near-zone air defense system in Israel with a range of 15-20 km and the Iron Dome anti-missile system, designed to protect against unguided missiles with a range from 4 to 70 kilometers. However, at the moment there are no facts confirming the practical implementation of this contract.

At the time of the collapse of the USSR, mobile and stationary radars consisted of the radio engineering units deployed in Azerbaijan: П-12, П-14, П-15, П-18, П-19, П-35, П-37, П-40 , P-80, 5Н84А, 19Ж6, 22Ж6, 44Ж6 and radio altimeters: PRV-9, PRV-11, PRV-13, PRV-16, PRV-17. Most of this technology was 15-20 years old. Radar and altimeter, built on a lamp element base, required considerable effort to maintain them in working condition, and therefore a few years after the transfer to Azerbaijan, the number of operational radars was greatly reduced. Currently, 11 constantly deployed radar posts are operating in the republic. From Soviet times preserved radar: R-18, n-19, n-37, n-40, 5N84A, 19ZH6, 22ZH6 altimeters and PRV-13, and PRV PRV-16-17. The P-18, P-19, 5Н84А and 19Ж6 radars with the help of foreign specialists were repaired and upgraded. There is information that the Soviet meter P-18 and decimeter P-19 were upgraded in Ukraine at the State-owned enterprise "Iskra" Research and Production Complex in Zaporozhye to the level of P-18M and P-19MA. As a result of the modernization, it was possible to extend the life of the stations, reduce power consumption and increase the time between failures.Also improved detection characteristics, implemented the ability to automatically track the trajectories of air objects.


The layout of the radar posts and stationary positions of the air defense system in Azerbaijan


To replace outdated and worn-out Soviet-made radars at the beginning of the 2000-s, three-coordinate radars of the 36-6-M airspace survey were supplied from Ukraine. The detection range of 36D6-M is up to 360 km. For radar transportation, KrAZ-6322 or KrAZ-6446 tractors are used, the station can be deployed or collapsed within half an hour. The construction of 36D6-M radar was carried out in Ukraine by Iskra. Until now, the 36D6-M station meets modern requirements and is one of the best in its class by the criterion of “cost-effectiveness”. It can be used both independently as an autonomous air traffic control center, and in conjunction with modern automated air defense systems for detecting low-flying air targets covered by active and passive interference. Currently, there are three 36D6-M radars in Azerbaijan.

In 2007, Ukraine began mass production of a three-dimensional circular all-round radar with a phased array 80K6. The circular review station with a phased antenna array is a further development option of the Pelican 79K6 radar, which was built in the USSR.


RLS 80X6


Radar 80K6 is designed for use in the composition of the Air Force and Air Defense Forces to monitor and issue targets to anti-aircraft missile systems and automated air traffic control systems. The deployment time of the radar is 30 minutes. Detection range of high-altitude aerial targets - 400 km.


80K6M radar


In 2012, the purchase of the Belarusian Buk-MB air defense system was linked to the acquisition of the upgraded Ukrainian 80K6М radar radars. The mobile three-coordinate radar station of the circular review of the 80K6M radar was demonstrated for the first time on June 26 on the military parade in Baku.


Radar 80K6M at the parade in Baku


Compared with the basic modification of its characteristics are significantly improved. Deployment-coagulation radar 80K6M shortened 5 times and is - 6 minutes. 80K6M radar has an increased vertical viewing angle - up to 55 °, which allows detecting ballistic targets. Antenna post, hardware and calculation are placed on one on the chassis of all-terrain. According to representatives of Iskra, the main tactical and technical capabilities of the 80K6M radar can compete with the American three-coordinate radar AN / TPS 78 and the French GM400 Thales Raytheon Systems station.

In addition to Ukrainian radars, Azerbaijan procured mobile three-dimensional Israeli radar ELM-2288 AD-STAR and ELM-2106NG. According to Israeli data, radars have a dual purpose, in addition to controlling the actions of air defense missile systems and fighter pointing, they can be used for air traffic control.


Radar ELM-2106NG


The ELM-2288 AD-STAR radar is capable of detecting high-altitude aerial targets at a distance of up to 480 km. The ELM-2106NG radar is designed to detect low-flying aircraft, helicopters and UAVs at a distance of 90 km, while the number of simultaneously accompanied targets is 60. Apparently, the ELM-2288 AD-STAR and ELM-2106NG radar radars were purchased under the same contract with the Barak 8 air defense system.


Radar ELM-2288 AD-STAR


There is also information that the EL / M-2080 Green Pine early missile warning radar operates in Azerbaijan. According to the Stockholm Peace Institute (SIPRI), the contract for the supply of anti-missile radar was concluded in 2011 year. The main purpose of the radar EL / M-2080 Green Pine is the detection of attacking operational tactical missiles and the issuance of target designation of Barak 8 SAMs and С-300PMU 2 SAMs.


Radar EL / M-2080 Green Pine


An Israeli-made radar has an antenna with an active phased array that includes more than 2000 transmitting modules and operates in the 1000 - 2000 MHz frequency band. Antenna dimensions - 3x9 meters. The radar mass is about 60 t. The detection range of ballistic targets is more than 500 km.

Information about the air situation received from radar stations via fiber-optic and radio-relay lines flows to the central air defense command post of Azerbaijan, located at the Nasosnaya air base. About 15 years ago, a radical improvement of the combat control system of air defense and fighter forces began aviation. In this, Ukraine, as well as the USA and Israel, provided significant assistance to Azerbaijan. In addition to the supply of automated control equipment and high-speed data exchange, training for local staff was organized.

Azerbaijan conducts active military cooperation with Turkey and the United States and provides information from its radar stations. Americans are particularly interested in data obtained on the border with Iran and Russia, as well as the situation in the Caspian Sea.


Satellite image of Google Earth: fixed radar station in 12 km western city Lerik


In 2008, two stationary radar stations that were modernized with the help of the United States began work on the dominant terrain in 1 km from the Iranian border in the Lerik region of Azerbaijan. In Soviet times, two stationary radars of the meter range of the П-14 family operated here. What technology is now installed under radio-transparent protective domes is unknown, it is possible that this is the American ARSR-4 radar stationary version of the three-dimensional radar AN / FPS-130 manufactured by Northrop Grumman Corporation. The detection range of large high-altitude targets using the ARSR-4 radar reaches 450 km. Means of radio reconnaissance of Russian aircraft flying in transit through Iranian airspace to Syria, in the past, regularly recorded the work of powerful radars on the Russian-Azerbaijani border and over the Caspian Sea.

At present, there is a continuous radar field over the territory of Azerbaijan, repeatedly covered by radars of various types. In addition, Azerbaijani radars are able to look far beyond the borders of the republic. In general, Azerbaijan has a fairly balanced and perfect air defense system, capable of inflicting serious losses on a potential aggressor, covering important military and administrative-political facilities and its military units from air strikes.

Based on:
https://lenta.ru/articles/2016/04/04/wartime/
https://razm.info/ru/12201
https://ru.oxu.az/war/65641
http://dambiev.livejournal.com/660256.html
https://vpk-news.ru/articles/29699
http://military-informant.com/airforca/1-sp-1987267183.html
https://www.flightglobal.com/news/articles/analysis-world-air-forces-maintaining-strength-443655/
https://www.mintfo.com/security-defense/phl-receives-first-ordered-israeli-radar/1454/
Author:
53 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. Amurets
    Amurets 17 March 2018 06: 24
    +12
    Sergei! Thank. I like it. Clear and detailed.
    1. zyablik.olga
      zyablik.olga 17 March 2018 09: 13
      +9
      Quote: Amurets
      Sergei! Thank. I like it. Clear and detailed.

      Good afternoon, Nikolai!
      Yes, quite a normal reconnaissance, and only on "open sources". Mastery is not drunk. lol
      1. Amurets
        Amurets 17 March 2018 09: 46
        +2
        Quote: zyablik.olga
        Yes, it’s quite a normal intelligence survey, and it’s exclusively based on "open sources".

        Olya, so now the information is mainly collected from open sources.
      2. Safevi
        Safevi 17 March 2018 10: 27
        +13
        Thank you, Sergey. Pretty balanced article. What a dissonance with the style of Damantsev with his biased, biased style! We have been waiting for new combat aircraft for a long time. There is no information yet.
  2. Strashila
    Strashila 17 March 2018 07: 33
    +4
    Thank you for the situation situation ... but the technique without people is a piece of iron, frames decide everything. According to the technique ... such a cocktail ... can they be reduced to a single management ... such diversity.
    1. Bongo
      17 March 2018 09: 29
      +10
      Quote: Strashila
      Thank you for the situation situation ... but the technique without people is a piece of iron, frames decide everything. According to the technique ... such a cocktail ... can they be reduced to a single management ... such diversity.

      I assure you, the diversity of the air defense forces of the USSR was no less, especially in radio engineering divisions. As for training, assistance in this matter was provided to Azerbaijan: Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Turkey, Israel and the United States. For example, in Russia in the past, calculations were made for army air defense systems and air defense systems C-300PMU2. Moreover, in Azerbaijan in the past under the contract served a lot of highly qualified officers of the Soviet Army. I do not know what the situation is with the preparation of Azerbaijani pilots, but I have no reason to doubt the qualification of the calculations of anti-aircraft systems and radar operators.
      1. Lekxnumx
        Lekxnumx 17 March 2018 14: 53
        +5
        Thanks for the article, but a lot has already been said by you in the last cycle.
        A helicopter base opened a little bit of material for you. On March 16, 2018. Most likely they covered the air defense, look, you can find new air defense systems. Very close to the front, they probably didn’t leave without cover.

        The redeployment of aviation to alternate aerodromes, including MIG-29, is true with NAR (to participate in the exercises) 2018 March 12.
        I would like to read an article about the air defense of the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic. In this case, it is interesting for its proximity to the capital of Armenia.
        1. Bongo
          17 March 2018 15: 02
          +4
          Quote: Lek3338
          I would like to read an article about the air defense of the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic.

          Especially there is nothing to talk about. request On the territory of the autonomy of several radar P-18 and P-19. In the stationary position, one C-125 is deployed. In the army air defense mainly ZU-23 and MANPADS. Perhaps there are mobile SAMs "Osa" and "Strela-10".
      2. Lekxnumx
        Lekxnumx 17 March 2018 14: 56
        +6
        Relocation video clip, subscribe to the channel of the Ministry of Defense there regular exercises including air defense, air force.
      3. Monarchist
        Monarchist 17 March 2018 15: 08
        +2
        "there was no less variety in the USSR Air Defense Forces" I cannot compete with you in knowledge, and therefore I would like to express the opinion of a profanation: the Soviet Union worked systems developed and created by us, they have Soviet, post-Soviet and Israeli developments, and this also needs to be taken into account
        1. Bongo
          17 March 2018 15: 19
          +5
          Quote: Monarchist
          diversity in the Soviet air defense forces was no less "I cannot compete with you in knowledge, and therefore express the opinion a profanation: the systems developed and created for us, for them: Soviet, post-Soviet and Israeli developments worked, and this too must be considered

          Do not forget that modern controls have made a big step forward. If desired, and a competent approach, everything can be linked into one system. The example of Iran is very indicative in this respect. The Persians have more disagreement, but they manage. hi
      4. Fatoss
        Fatoss 17 March 2018 19: 34
        +4
        Briefly and clearly
  3. Strashila
    Strashila 17 March 2018 07: 48
    0
    “At the moment, the Krug air defense system of all modifications has been transferred to storage facilities and most likely will not be returned, they will be disposed of.” ... perhaps disposal will be by launching towards Armenia ... warhead 125 kg ... ballistic trajectory of 120 kilometers will master.
    1. Amurets
      Amurets 17 March 2018 08: 07
      +3
      Quote: Strashila
      perhaps recycling will be the launch method towards Armenia ...

      "it became impossible to continue to use the 3M8 SAM with a ramjet engine running on kerosene. Due to cracking of the soft rubber fuel tanks, the rockets leaked and became fire unsafe." Damaged from old age, it is fraught and good if it does without casualties.
      In terms of technique ... such a cocktail ... can they reduce to a single control ... such diversity. Well, at one time there was interface equipment for the Soviet military equipment, so this is not a problem, but for Israeli and Soviet equipment, yes, if the equipment is not created, it can work like in Libya, when one group does not see and does not hear the other.
      1. Monarchist
        Monarchist 17 March 2018 15: 10
        +1
        So I’m talking about this: after all, ABSOLUTELY different systems
        1. Amurets
          Amurets 17 March 2018 15: 42
          +3
          Quote: Monarchist
          So I’m talking about this: after all, ABSOLUTELY different systems

          Vyacheslav, our equipment has always been able and can work as part of complexes, the question is about imported equipment. In Libya, there was no coordination of Soviet and French equipment. That is, in Libya, the Bengai and Tripol groups could not interact with each other. Our complexes can interact with each other. https://profilib.net/chtenie/132982/zhurnal-tekhn
          ika-i-vooruzhenie-2004-09-lib-5.php
          5F20 - a cabin for interfacing air defense systems with automated control systems of Senezh. You can connect S-75, S-125, S-200, S-300.
          For the S-75, S-125 ACS transmits information for the division about the direction to the target (azimuth and elevation angle of the antennas), the position of the horizontal mark (range) taking into account parallax (the distance between the CP zrp (zrbr) and zrdn). Here is the information from the Central Administration for these air defense systems.
          For S-300 information TsU is somewhat different (TKI - telecode information). For this purpose, a special calculator is included in 5F20, which converts the 24-bit TKI ASU Senezh into a 300-bit TKI understandable for the S-32 air defense system. Convert to transmit and receive.
          1. sivuch
            sivuch 18 March 2018 12: 21
            +4
            so now, probably, already Baikals, and not Senezh. but how the Soviet automated control systems will interface with Israeli equipment, I don’t really imagine.
            1. Amurets
              Amurets 18 March 2018 12: 49
              +2
              Quote: sivuch
              but how the Soviet automated control systems will interface with Israeli equipment, I don’t really imagine.

              So do I.
    2. Ascetic
      Ascetic 17 March 2018 08: 33
      +6
      Quote: Strashila
      perhaps disposal will be by launching towards Armenia ... warhead 125 kg ... along a ballistic trajectory of 120 kilometers

      It is unsafe the rocket can catch fire at the start due to a leak of worn out fuel tanks, for ramjet engines it is necessary to periodically change the fuel pump with nozzles, and since the spare part has been exhausted for a long time, surging is ensured
      1. Strashila
        Strashila 17 March 2018 08: 43
        +2
        the key here is "will be disposed of" ... well, maybe it will crash, and maybe it will fly ... the main thing will be disposed of. As was the case with the destruction of START missiles ... in Russia they were cut ... a whole expensive saga, and in America they were disposed of by the launch method ... while they also trained on them to increase combat readiness.
        1. Ascetic
          Ascetic 17 March 2018 09: 51
          +6
          Quote: Strashila
          and in America they were disposed of by the launch method ... and at the same time they trained on them and increased combat readiness.

          In the United States, the destruction of the Minutemen took place using the technology of hydraulic washing of fuel, and TRT by burning, in fact they in Ukraine actually financed this process using their own technologies. A stage without nozzle blocks is installed in a special hermetic chamber. Inside the chamber is lined with a special fire-resistant and corrosion-resistant material and is cooled by water. The gases generated during engine operation are piped to special giant treatment plants. In these plants, the combustion products are cooled, cleaned of harmful impurities, treated with various chemical solutions, as a result of which no harmful substances enter the atmosphere. Remain harmless alumina and sodium chloride, recyclable in industry.
    3. Bongo
      17 March 2018 09: 31
      +5
      Quote: Strashila
      Perhaps disposal will be a method of launching in the direction of Armenia ... The 125 kg warhead ... along the ballistic trajectory of 120 kilometers will be mastered.

      What's the point? Taking into account the fact that KVO ZUR with locked steering machines will be about 10% of the distance, where will they go? The risk and costs in preparation for launch will be many times greater than the combat effect.
  4. Scorpio05
    Scorpio05 17 March 2018 11: 46
    +7
    An impressive article. Very detailed and clearly written.
  5. Lenivets2
    Lenivets2 17 March 2018 14: 59
    +5
    Very interesting! good
    And about the defense of Kazakhstan and Belarus will be?
    And about modern cruise missiles of Russia?
    And about the missile defense? hi
    ps I'm not a spy laughing
    1. Bongo
      17 March 2018 15: 23
      +3
      Quote: Lenivets2
      Very interesting!

      Thank you! hi
      Quote: Lenivets2
      And about the defense of Kazakhstan and Belarus will be?

      It's possible yes
      Quote: Lenivets2

      And about modern cruise missiles of Russia?

      Sorry, this is not mine. request
      Quote: Lenivets2
      And about the missile defense?

      I have already written about Russian early warning systems.
      Quote: Lenivets2
      ps I'm not a spy

      So, and I like too ... wink
      1. The comment was deleted.
        1. Bongo
          April 2 2018 14: 59
          0
          Quote: Simargll
          So when are new articles?

          Hello. About DFO air defense was recently. See my profile. hi
          1. Simargll
            Simargll April 2 2018 15: 01
            +1
            Thank you!
            I’ll look in the profile. hi
  6. Monarchist
    Monarchist 17 March 2018 14: 59
    +2
    Quote: Strashila
    Thank you for the situation situation ... but the technique without people is a piece of iron, frames decide everything. According to the technique ... such a cocktail ... can they be reduced to a single management ... such diversity.

    The question is more than interesting
  7. Monarchist
    Monarchist 17 March 2018 15: 43
    +5
    It seems to me: JF 17 will be the best option for Baku. Judge for yourselves: in any case, a modern airplane is preferable to a used one - this concerns American F, you do not need to ask for the consent of the Amers - F of the Turkish assembly, whose laws are not violated, Sweden, but as a "bonus" the price is lower than that of analogues. How much the quality matches its counterparts, and here is the "law of roulette" - try to guess.
    By the way: Sergey, you will not be able to satisfy our curiosity (I think it is interesting to others) in this1 area?
    1. Bongo
      17 March 2018 16: 01
      +2
      Quote: Monarchist
      It seems to me: JF 17 will be the best option for Baku.

      Another option is J-10, but it is more expensive. The Chinese in the past actively advertised it, but so far no one has bought this car. Although the latest modifications of this fighter, in my opinion are not much inferior to the American F-16 Block 50 / 52. In any case, this is the choice of Baku. But in the case of a qualitative strengthening of the Azerbaijani air force, we will have to update and strengthen the fighter group in Armenia.
      1. Lekxnumx
        Lekxnumx 17 March 2018 16: 42
        +5
        Quote: Bongo
        But in the case of a qualitative strengthening of the Azerbaijani Air Force, we will have to update and strengthen the fighter group in Armenia.

        The leadership of Az-on in the person of Aliyev and his associates will not go against Putin and question the state’s formation of Az-on as a whole (due to their friendship). Therefore, I doubt that if the hostilities begin, this will be a surprise for Moscow.
        There are enough hot goals in the country (among the military), but still the backbone of the top management of the Moscow Region, people closely connected with the Russian Federation. You can even list them by name, unfortunately this is sowing discord in the management of Moscow Region. Nobody says anything openly, but backstage conversations which I heard from many military men with whom I had the honor of talking.
        There is no trust in Russia among the colonels, etc., and given that many of them become generals and go to high command, and former cadres go to the reserve. This is not the best trend for the interests of the Russian Federation. From small to large, everyone understands what needs to be purchased modern weapons in terms of fighter aircraft. Everyone understands that Russia is unlikely to succeed due to recent events in April and a search for new markets is ongoing.
        It is no secret to anyone that the sale of certain products by Israel, including the transfer of technology, is a consequence of economic moments. And the purchase from Italy of the main economic partner, training aircraft, gives hope that the economy will lead to qualitative changes in the Air Force.
        In our case, any combat unit is welcomed, taking into account that the capabilities of Az-na exceed today's equipment of the army. But the market where you can get weapons is scarce due to political aspects. Pakistan hopes because it is the only country in the world that always supports Az-en and in all cases (they do not even recognize Armenia itself as a country), it is not surprising even more than Turkey. The leadership should enter through it into the Chinese arms market. With the strengthening of the military-industrial complex of Azerbaijan and production here. dit bombs with the help of Pakistan, and in a short time, with intelligent action can reach the ballistic missiles and not only .From Russia has nothing vybesh that many understand, but whether it understands the higher MO Guide Az-on?
      2. mvg
        mvg 19 March 2018 17: 20
        +2
        Good afternoon, Sergey, you always have quality materials. In the top three authors on the BO. Without prejudice.
        Well, about J-10, very little information. As it really buy a little. Maybe there is something. For 25 million, you can buy quite a viable Falcon 52 unit. And with the lifespan at times more.
        1. Bongo
          19 March 2018 17: 44
          +1
          Quote: mvg
          Good afternoon, Sergey, you always have quality materials. In the top three authors on the BO. Without prejudice.

          Thank you! drinks I already have a deep night.
          Quote: mvg
          Well, about J-10, very little information. As it really buy a little. Maybe there is something. For 25 million, you can buy quite a viable Falcon 52 unit. And with the lifespan at times more.

          Do not forget that not all countries are available "Attacking Falcons" request
          As for the serial modification of the J-10B, the Chinese claim that it is not inferior to the last F-16. In any case, in China, they are very actively being built and replaced in the J-7 units.
  8. Butchcassidy
    Butchcassidy 17 March 2018 16: 10
    +5
    The article is interesting.

    Reasonable attitude of the leadership of Az.R. to questions of air defense organization cannot but inspire respect.

    The question is different - against whom could the air defense system potentially work? Yerevan and Stepakert seem obvious, especially since it was Drang nach West who determined his national strategy at the meeting of the ruling New Azerbaijan Party, President I. Aliyev.

    However, Armenia does not have serious air forces (which is certainly a weakness of the pan-Armenian armed forces) that the air defense forces of Azerbaijan could successfully counteract. The capabilities of the air defense complex indicated in the article also successfully counteract the missiles and long-range artillery systems that are in service with Yerevan and Stepakert, primarily rocket artillery, are not obvious.

    The critical infrastructure for Baku, the damage of which would make it possible to seek peace in the event of a hypothetical resumption of large-scale hostilities between Baku and Yerevan along with Stepanakert, is exported oil and gas pipelines and the dam of the Mingachevir hydroelectric station. The military doctrine of active defense, which is in the arsenal of the pan-Armenian armed forces (I think no one doubts the military integration of Yerevan and Stepanakert), involves suppressing the enemy’s onslaught by transferring the combat zone to the enemy’s territory using sabotage activities of special forces.

    Those. Baku’s existing air defense system is quite effective, but not in the case of an active confrontation with the most likely enemy.

    And the article is a definite plus.
    1. Lekxnumx
      Lekxnumx 17 March 2018 17: 11
      +4
      Your analysis is correct. This anti-aircraft defense is not against the Armenian Air Force, which is absent, in this case, even overabundant. But against the ground-based OTRK of the Armenian Armed Forces, it is not enough to protect all strategic facilities of the country.
      Of course, reconnaissance in combat in April showed that Armenia, by all means, will try to provoke Az-en by directly attacking its territory, with its aggressive actions, so that the CSTO treaty enters into force. This is the only salvation from the defeat of the NKR.
      In this case, Az-an should build a stronger air defense from the OTRK and tolerate these actions of Armenia or reckon with losses. If the hydropower plant speaks, this huge colossus of Soviet engineering still needs to be damaged. But a blow to the oil sector of Az-na will have great consequences for Armenia, there are the interests of many European countries and the world giant BP. Oil production will be stopped, repairs will not take much time, strategic reserves will be enough for Az, to continue the struggle, but the world community will come out against Armenia. All the same, the oil and gas lobby s most powerful, in this case, the only win of the Russian Federation.
      The Soviets were building with conscience; more than 500 kg of rockets would be needed here, the Aran zone was flooded more than once, and it was not the first to get out of the situation.
      1. Butchcassidy
        Butchcassidy 17 March 2018 18: 57
        +3
        I wrote "in the case of a hypothetical widespread conflict." Obviously, in this case both Stepanakert and Yerevan will not look towards the "world community", whose sympathies supposedly go over to Baku. If there is a war of extermination, then even the opinion of Moscow may no longer have such an influence.

        The current state of affairs shows that only Baku is interested in changing the status quo, but not Stepanakert or Yerevan. And April 2016 is a vivid confirmation of this. The smallest effect was achieved with maximum strength, while the effect of surprise was lost, and Yerevan and Stepanakert made the necessary conclusions, who should be punished, who should be fired. Therefore, the scarecrow about the "destruction of the NKR" is a tale for domestic consumption, in which not everyone believes.

        But about the establishment of an effective missile defense system - this is a fairy tale, Baku does not have enough resources for its development, and its effectiveness will be doubtful even against Elbrus available in Stepanakert and Yerevan in sufficient quantities, and I am generally silent about Iskander-E.
        1. Lekxnumx
          Lekxnumx 17 March 2018 20: 07
          +4
          Quote: ButchCassidy
          I wrote "in the case of a hypothetical widespread conflict." Obviously, in this case both Stepanakert and Yerevan will not look towards the "world community", whose sympathies supposedly go over to Baku. If there is a war of extermination, then even the opinion of Moscow may no longer have such an effect

          Maybe !
          Quote: ButchCassidy
          The current state of affairs shows that only Baku is interested in changing the status quo, but not Stepanakert or Yerevan.

          Definitely! The Armenians are satisfied.
          Quote: ButchCassidy
          And April 2016 is a vivid confirmation of this. The smallest effect was achieved with maximum strength, while the effect of surprise was lost, and Yerevan and Stepanakert made the necessary conclusions, who should be punished, who should be fired. Therefore, the scarecrow about the "destruction of the NKR" is a tale for domestic consumption, in which not everyone believes.

          Wrong! How can one draw down all the reserves of the Az-na Defense Ministry, hundreds of tanks, thousands of artillery systems, thousands of cars, and at the same time count on surprise?. In modern realities, this is absurd, or is the enemy completely outside the statement of what is happening in the strategic depths of Az-na. you consider senior management so incapable
          Armenia?
          Surprise is possible in one case by small force to achieve a foothold, having captured some strategic heights, to conduct reconnaissance, how the enemy will react to the start of local hostilities, where he pulls together troops, what maneuvers he undertakes. What was done!
          And before hypothetical large-scale actions, against a not weak regular army, it is necessary to use all the firepower, which in principle cannot be sudden.
          The so-called Elbrus have never decided the outcome of any war. A limited number of Elbrus can only harm civilian targets (as practice shows) due to low accuracy. And Iskanders leave behind the effect of one 500-kg bomb. any SU-25 carries effects, even when taking into account the loss of 50% of the flight crew, this will leave a mark steeper than a dozen Iskanders. It’s not accurate but to bomb the entire Stepanokert indiscriminately. .
          So you’re right, let’s go without tales. But the barrel artillery can simply and easily work across the squares, because if the enemy strikes the cities in the rear, and we can’t answer, there’s no point in taking into account his civilian losses because the war on destruction like you they said.
          1. Butchcassidy
            Butchcassidy 17 March 2018 21: 42
            +3
            Yes, it’s a well-known fact that the Su-25 can carry 500 kg of air bombs, but you don’t bother to explain how to bring this very air bomb to Stepanakert? Baku is doing well with air defense, and Stepanakert and Yerevan are doing well, isn’t it?

            Obviously, the Su-25 will not reach Stepanakert from Kurdamir; in the pan-Armenian air defense, they also do not just eat their own bread. And I’m sure that with the creation of a joint Russian-Armenian air defense group, Stepanakert’s air defense will also not lose at least. Yerevan Stepanakert will secure the joint intelligence.

            As for the fact, in 2016, Baku acted by "small force" - this is information for domestic consumption. "Small forces"? Tanks, helicopters, TOS-1A, Grads, attack drones - these are small forces? Do not tell tales. This was a well-organized attack by Baku, which was repelled by Armenian conscripts, together with volunteers. Subsequently, the Deputy Minister of Defense, the head of the intelligence department of the General Staff and the head of the communications forces of Armenia were also dismissed. Therefore, I wrote that the Armenian intelligence missed the concentration of the strategic forces of Azerbaijan, if not strategic, but operational, and that now this certainly will not happen again.
    2. mariusdeayeraleone
      mariusdeayeraleone 17 March 2018 19: 06
      +3
      It is clear that this is a preparation against Iran.
  9. Fatoss
    Fatoss 17 March 2018 19: 23
    +2
    Mawallah qelebe bizimdi
  10. Fatoss
    Fatoss 17 March 2018 19: 26
    +2
    ALLAHIN komeqinen duwmenlernin belni qirariq
    1. Butchcassidy
      Butchcassidy 17 March 2018 19: 52
      +2
      Wait and see.
  11. Fatoss
    Fatoss 17 March 2018 19: 29
    +3
    I wanted to see the Israeli domes in service with the air defense of Azerbaijan, but so far only the eighth huts
  12. Fatoss
    Fatoss 17 March 2018 19: 32
    +3
    In Kratz, currently over the territory of Azerbaijan there is a continuous radar field, many times blocked by various types of radars. In addition, Azerbaijani radars are able to look far beyond the borders of the republic. On the whole, Azerbaijan has a fairly balanced and perfect air defense system, capable of inflicting serious losses on a potential aggressor, protecting important military and administrative-political facilities and its military units from air strikes.
    1. mvg
      mvg 19 March 2018 18: 32
      +2
      Against Russia, 2008 is possible; against 2018, it is unlikely. They will take out the radar by Iskander and X-101, then air defense, there are no more fools. S-125 is not an option at all.
  13. Adjutant
    Adjutant 18 March 2018 09: 23
    +1
    A MODERN state is outlined by some kind of temporary period?
  14. Gust
    Gust 18 March 2018 10: 36
    +2
    In general, Azerbaijan’s competent and frugal approach to building layered air defense from available means. But what, does Iran pretend to something there? He has his own oil, NK is also not a topic for him ...
  15. sivuch
    sivuch 18 March 2018 12: 30
    +5
    Sergey, do you not know how this Tetrahedron increased the height of the wasp's defeat to 7 km? NNZ, for the usual 9А33М2, the limiter was SOC - she was guaranteed to see at a height of up to 5 km, and above - how the map would fall. Those. or Belarusians podshamanit SOTsku itself or it is necessary to read - it can strike in certain conditions.
    Yes, and about the ACS, it would be necessary somehow in more detail how they are going to match this whole zoo.
    1. Bongo
      18 March 2018 12: 58
      +3
      Quote: sivuch
      Sergey, do you not know how this Tetrahedron increased the height of the wasp's defeat to 7 km? NNZ, for the usual 9А33М2, the limiter was SOC - she was guaranteed to see at a height of up to 5 km, and above - how the map would fall. Those. or Belarusians podshamanit SOTsku itself or it is necessary to read - it can strike in certain conditions.

      Hi, Igor! To be honest, I didn’t ask such a question, and the Belarusians didn’t say anything about it.
      Quote: sivuch
      Yes, and about the ACS, it would be necessary somehow in more detail how they are going to match this whole zoo.

      It would be necessary ... yes Just where to get the information? Barak 8 manufacturers are silent about this ... request
      1. Amurets
        Amurets 18 March 2018 14: 06
        +2
        Quote: Bongo
        Just where to get the information? Barak 8 manufacturers are silent about this ...

        Hi, hello. Do you think ours will say more? Magazine "Technology and armament" 2004 № 03
        "ASURK-1M missile systems automated control complex was adopted in the mid-1960s and was used to control the actions of S-75 complexes of all modifications and S-125. A modified version of the ASURK-1MA automated control system developed under the leadership of the chief designer BC Semenikhin, allowed to control the actions of the joints of anti-aircraft missile systems S-75. S-125 and S-200 of various modifications using information from external radars.
        The mobile automated control system for the actions of the air defense group as part of the antiaircraft defense and air defense aircraft "Vector-2" also made it possible to work with complexes of S-75 systems. S-125 and S-200. The means of the automated control system made it possible to carry out work when it was placed both in the field, in the shelter and in prepared positions. The exchange of information between the command post of the brigade and fire weapons was carried out either via a cable (wire) communication line or via a radio relay channel.
        The automated control system for the command post (KP) 5S99M Senezh (in the modernized version - 5S99M-1 Senezh-M, the export version is Senezh-M1E) was adopted by the air defense forces and is currently used for centralized automatic and automated combat control of a group of anti-aircraft missile forces of mixed composition, including systems and systems S-300P, S-300V, S-200V, S-200D S-75, S-75M1. S-75M4. S-125, S-125M2.
        The Senezh system solves the tasks of putting an air defense group into combat readiness, targeting and targeting to air defense systems and systems for aerodynamic purposes, jammers, coordination of military operations with fire weapons; automated guidance of fighter aircraft for aerial purposes, safety control of flights of guided fighter-interceptors and their drive to airfields; integrated training of combat crews.
        The equipment of the automated control system of the regiment (brigade) of the Senezh air defense air defense system was developed at the Yekaterinburg Peleng Design Bureau and is produced by the Vector Vector. Understand everything as you want
  16. chingachguc
    chingachguc 18 March 2018 14: 43
    +1
    >> In case of an attack on Armenia, the Russian military contingent stationed in the republic will act against the aggressor.

    The CSTO treaty extends only to the territory of the former Armenian SSR, since we do not recognize Nagorno-Karabakh. If military action is limited to this territory, it does not concern us sideways.
  17. Wolka
    Wolka 2 June 2018 18: 31
    0
    Yes, Azerbaijanis are tough today (teeth can be broken off), but they will not be enough for a protracted war ...
  18. Tengri Warrior
    Tengri Warrior 27 June 2018 22: 48
    0
    At present, Armenia and Azerbaijan are not able to achieve victory in an armed conflict with each other.

    So it seems. Armenia one on one in Karabakh will not stand a month before Azerbaijan.
    In the event of an attack on Armenia, the Russian military contingent deployed in the republic will oppose the aggressor.

    To begin with, no one is going to attack Armenia. Who is it, politically and economically incapable country, is needed?
    Secondly, Karabakh, no matter how many Armenians would choke on fictional Artsakh-Marts, de jure is an integral part of Azerbaijan and does not fall under the jurisdiction of the CSTO treaty. For sim you can safely open a bottle of beer, enjoy the wonderful game of the Brazilian national team and forget about the Armenian tales about the CSTO and Russia's attack on Azerbaijan.