Military Review

People's Generals of Poland under the fire of political vengeance

45
Last week, the Sejm and the Senate of Poland, with an interval of one day, passed a law demotivating the generals who received high ranks in the Polish People's Republic. This is not a new initiative. She was born shortly after the current conservative nationalist party, Law and Justice, came to power. Its veteran and patriotic activists in the fall of 2016 of the year appealed to President Andrzej Douda, demanding posthumously degrading the former president of Poland, General Wojciech Jaruzelski.




How heroes and traitors are swapped

By that time, they had already succeeded in posthumously building Colonel Ryszard Kuklinsky, who collaborated with the CIA Colonel of the General Staff. Colonel Kuklinsky worked for many years at the headquarters of the Warsaw Pact. During this time, he handed over ten thousand secret documents to the Americans.

This information concerned not only the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact, as Kuklinsky and his American curators argued. The Polish traitor informed the CIA in detail about the armed forces of the Polish People's Republic, its defense system, plans for mobilization and other extremely important actions in the context of a potential military conflict.

In December 1981, the CIA helped Kuklinsky escape with his family in the United States. Three years later, a military tribunal of the Polish People's Republic in absentia sentenced the traitor to death. This sentence in the years of political unrest will be replaced by 25 years in prison. Then he pardoned colonel Kuklinsky. That was the condition of the Americans for the admission of Poland to NATO.

Not all Poles accepted this condition. This is what General Marek Dukachevsky, who headed the Polish military intelligence and counterintelligence service at the beginning of the 2000s, said about Kuklinsky: “I am one of those 30 percent who consider him a traitor. Firstly, he was a soldier, secondly, he took an oath, thirdly, he wore a uniform, fourthly, he transmitted to the CIA information that affected the interests of Poland. ”

General Wojciech Jaruzelski himself said several years before his death: “If we admit that Kuklinsky was a hero, it would mean that we are all traitors!” By the way, the ex-president of the NDP did not like when he was approached "Asked to call him a general.

“I was a president and ceased to be, and the military rank is forever,” Wojciech Jaruzelski said shortly before his death in 2014 in a conversation with a RG correspondent. The general then could not have known that after two years the wheel of the Polish stories roll backwards. Heroes and traitors in Warsaw will begin to rearrange places.

The representative of the Union of Veteran and Patriotic Organizations of Krakow, Jerzy Bukovsky, thanked the President of Poland for conferring the rank of general to Colonel Kuklinsky and appealed to Andrzej Duda with a new demand: “Once he (Kuklinsky - ed.) Has finally been officially recognized as a hero, this means that Wojciech Jaruzelski - traitor. And with the traitors break the General's epaulets, even posthumously. What I ask the President of the President. " Thus began this shameful initiative, the finale of which we saw last week.

Who wants to "land" astronaut Germashevsky

The blow fell not only on General Jaruzelski. The law will affect all members of the Military Council of National Salvation in force in 1981-1982. As we remember, in those turbulent years, the council fought for the preservation of the socialist structure of Poland and the leading role of the Polish unified labor party, which was then ruling in the country.

In opposition, the NSA opposed the Solidarity movement, the people from whom constitute today the backbone of the ruling party in Poland, Law and Justice. Therefore, the current actions of PiS are not at all like the restoration of historical justice, which is so loudly spoken about in Warsaw now. Rather, it is an act of political revenge.

It is not by chance that not only members of the Military Council, but also military personnel who supported its decisions and actions, as well as employees of the state security bodies of Poland, fell under the law. All this allows a very broad interpretation of the new law.

So much so that the threat of demotion to the rank and file hung even over the first (and so far the only in the country) Polish cosmonaut, brigadier general Miroslav Hermaszewski. In the distant eighties, Germashevsky was only a lieutenant colonel. Later, he repeatedly claimed that he was on the board without his consent and did not take a real part in making his decisions.

Nevertheless, today the 76-year-old general formally falls under the law, and the authorities now have to solve the dilemma: to preserve the integrity of the person, without a doubt, who is the pride of the Polish nation, or to deal with it as the hated Hero of the present the Polish authorities of the Soviet Union and the knight of the highest awards of the Polish People's Republic.

The fact that General Hermaszewski, after retirement in 2000, actively cooperated with the Union of Democratic Left Forces - the Union of Labor (the successor of the Polish United Workers' Party in 1991) and even represented this party in the Mazovia Region Duma, adds pepper to the topic.

Loyalty to the former regime, or at least its ideology, acts on PiS, like a red rag on a bull. There is no need to go far for examples. A month ago, in the village of Jablonki, in the Subcarpathian Voivodeship, the monument to the General of the Polish Army Carol Sverchevsky was demolished.

Karol Sverchevsky died in 1947 during a military operation against the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA). Just at the site of the death of the general, the grateful Poles erected the now destroyed monument. It would seem that after the adoption of the law “On National Memory”, which introduced criminal liability for denying the crimes of Ukrainian nationalists, the place of Sverchevsky’s death will become sacred for the Poles.

Moreover, after all, the death of the general was the reason for the deportation of the Ukrainian population from their places of permanent residence to the northern and western lands of Poland, which withdrew from Germany as a result of the Second World War. This reprisal against people who supported Ukrainian nationalists became a historical fact and in some ways correlated with the law signed in February by Andrzej Duda.

However, two weeks after the entry into force of the law “on national memory”, the monument to the Polish general was barbarously demolished. The authorities in Warsaw could not come to terms with the fact that Karol Sverchevsky taught at the Military Academy named after MV Frunze, commanded in the initial period of the war units of the Soviet troops and even rose to the rank of colonel-general of the Red Army.

A sad example of the address in Poland with the memory of General Karol Sverchevsky leads to sad thoughts about the prospects of the first Polish cosmonaut Miroslav Hermaszewski. He also spent part of his life in the Soviet Union and even graduated from the Military Academy of the General Staff named after K.Ye. Voroshilov in Moscow.

As the Prime Minister of Poland, Mateusz Moravetsky, explained to journalists, the President will decide on the demotion of the generals on the proposal of the Minister of National Defense. With the officers of the Ministry of National Defense of Poland will deal independently.

The European Commission did not respond to this new witch hunt unfolding in Poland (or skeletons, given the post-mortem deprivation of military ranks). Obviously, the moral degradation of the authorities in the countries of the European Union does not concern the highest European officials. Or maybe they agree with the Jesuit policy of Warsaw?
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  1. Pingo
    Pingo 15 March 2018 05: 15
    +5
    Even those fighting who fought in the Polish Army with the Germans?
    some disgrace uncharacteristic for the Poles.
    1. Vard
      Vard 15 March 2018 05: 25
      +23
      Well, why ... It just characterizes them very accurately ...
      1. Pingo
        Pingo 15 March 2018 05: 37
        +3
        If only those who have not read a single book and are proud of it.
    2. andrewkor
      andrewkor 15 March 2018 05: 45
      +8
      That's it-PIG-and nothing to add !!!
      1. Vard
        Vard 15 March 2018 05: 46
        +3
        Well, what are you ... Pigs offends ...
    3. Uncle lee
      Uncle lee 15 March 2018 06: 10
      +5
      But what about the Four Tankers and the Dog? and "Major Whirlwind"? also in the rank and file?
      1. Alf
        Alf 15 March 2018 20: 42
        +2
        Quote: Uncle Lee
        But what about the Four Tankers and the Dog?

        The show "Four Tankers and a Dog" in Poland was officially banned a few years ago, because "this film incorrectly shows the relationship between Polish and Soviet military personnel."
    4. Finches
      Finches 15 March 2018 06: 13
      +1
      These Polish generals are not particularly pitiful - they were not ordinary when they agreed with politicians to lie under the United States and its manual NATO, so that they are reaping the benefits of their own decisions! And rightly so .... Of course, it’s possible that innocents will fall, but it’s unlikely, here it’s exactly according to Zheglov - "Guilty without guilt does not happen!"
      1. Uncle lee
        Uncle lee 15 March 2018 06: 29
        +1
        Manenko is wrong ....
        "And remember Sharapov: there is no punishment without guilt!"
        1. neofit962
          neofit962 18 March 2018 12: 41
          +3
          As they say in one joke: "What are you sitting for?"
          - "Never!"
          - "How long?"
          - "15 years"
          - "You're lying a bastard, they’ll give you 10 years, but you’ve got 15!"
      2. Turkestan
        Turkestan 15 March 2018 09: 09
        +10
        In the late 80s and early 90s, our country betrayed and left without the support of all its friends, and now we are reaping the benefits of this vile betrayal. Maybe before we condemn ourselves.
        1. Finches
          Finches 15 March 2018 09: 12
          +6
          And no one argues with this - on another branch we just remembered the main pests of the tragedies that occur today - Gorbachev and Yeltsin! One may well be brought to justice and executed with all proletarian hatred!
          1. Akuzenka
            Akuzenka 15 March 2018 12: 34
            0
            It will not work in court. Even the Supreme Court refused to initiate a case against Gorbachev. Air Defense has consistently filed applications with the courts. Reached the Supreme Court .... refused. Details can be found on the website of Nikolai Starikov. Yes, and on the site of the air defense itself, but I'm not sure that this material remained there.
          2. alatanas
            alatanas 16 March 2018 10: 49
            0
            Not at all - they will make you a “martyr of democracy”! Let his conscience torment, he will die!
    5. siberalt
      siberalt 15 March 2018 06: 31
      +5
      These Polish generals were assigned the rank of Poland, not Poland. Maybe they will also assign Pilsudski the Generalisimus? request
    6. stalkerwalker
      stalkerwalker 15 March 2018 07: 44
      +7
      It remains to declare the heroes of the AK bandits who killed the civilian population of Belarus and Ukraine. And to declare as national heroes the military-political leadership of Poland, who squeezed 16.09.1939 into Romania, leaving the country and the army.
    7. Fotoceva62
      Fotoceva62 15 March 2018 08: 58
      +2
      "Some disgrace uncharacteristic for the Poles."
      Just very characteristic, but for the "lords." They licked the ass of the Kaiser, then the Entente, at the same time the Nazis and Churchill, after the war to the Americans. And now they have seized upon, but it seems to me the history of pre-war Poland will repeat itself. Polish pans and ukrov raguli are two sides of the same coin, do not expect nobility from them. Pig will find dirt.
      1. Yura Yakovlev
        Yura Yakovlev 15 March 2018 11: 36
        +4
        Separate the flies from the cutlets, and everything will fall into place. It is impossible to indiscriminately blame the whole people for the deeds of paid geeks. If Jaruzelski did not destroy Valens as an enemy of the people, it was only because he was not allowed to do our leadership. Wojciech Jaruzelski was not only a patriot of his homeland, but also a great friend of Russia. It is impossible to look through pink glasses at what pro-American mongrel do. It is necessary to take some measures, for example, introduce additional sanctions
        1. Alf
          Alf 15 March 2018 20: 44
          +2
          Quote: Yura Yakovlev
          It is necessary to take some measures, for example, introduce additional sanctions

          For this it is necessary to have patriots-statesmen in the Kremlin, and with this we have no way.
          1. Rey_ka
            Rey_ka 16 March 2018 08: 18
            0
            How much water flows away and you all hope for a "good" king who will think about the people !? “To God’s God Caesar Caesarean” Nobody will think about us! Which of us brings up children so that he wakes up and immediately think about others?
      2. Akuzenka
        Akuzenka 15 March 2018 12: 36
        +1
        Why look, if they did not even think to get out of it. There was a short period when we almost got out. But they are so comfortable in a warm, muddy puddle. And so it is not thought in it that when the owner needs it, they will get it and kill it.
    8. Vasilenko Vladimir
      Vasilenko Vladimir 15 March 2018 18: 31
      0
      Quote: Pingo
      some disgrace uncharacteristic for the Poles.

      just very characteristic
    9. ARES623
      ARES623 15 March 2018 20: 53
      +1
      Quote: Pingo
      Even those fighting who fought in the Polish Army with the Germans?
      some disgrace uncharacteristic for the Poles.

      Poor you know the Poles! Even during the war, the Polish gentry from the Home Army hated the cattle from the Ludova Army. Even dying in their useless and mediocre Warsaw Uprising, they could not agree on joint action. Mainly because of the boundless gentry snobbery and contempt for the working people. PiS is the party of the gentry, and its main principle is not to humiliate oneself with practical labor. Where do they get respect for the Polish Army?
      1. lance
        lance 17 March 2018 17: 10
        0
        Your answer is the answer to all the consequences of the policy of Poland. the pro-British army was victorious, more precisely its British heirs who played on nationalism. Poland, like Ukraine, is trained according to Anglo-Saxon textbooks.
        1. ARES623
          ARES623 17 March 2018 19: 21
          0
          Quote: Lance
          the pro-British army won, more precisely, its British heirs who played on nationalism

          You know, I would not link the split in Polish society with the British heritage. This split has deeper roots. Moreover, it is aggravated by republican democracy, which in Poland took the most perverted forms in the form of the so-called gentry democracy with an elected king and the principle of liberum veto in parliament. In this regard, the split between the gentry and cattle took the most aggressive forms. Which, in the end, led to the partition of Poland. The mental rejection by the gentry of the interests of cattle and, accordingly, the hatred of the latter towards the former for centuries degenerated into a distinctive feature of the entire Polish nation. In principle, even the Ukrainians of the western regions, which had been under Poland for a considerable time, were infected by the Poles with this perception of the world, which is clearly seen in the current Kiev authorities. The gentry that came to power in Poland in the late 80s inherited from the old gentry of the 30s arrogance and inability to build peaceful coexistence in society. And Britain only skillfully uses internal conflicts in Poland and carefully warms up and directs internal conflicts in favorable directions. The Poles, blinded by their "great grandeur," do not see that they are being used, like the RTI No. 2 and merged if necessary. They have such traditions - to dance on a rake.
  2. cedar
    cedar 15 March 2018 06: 22
    +2
    PiS makes a digging under the foundations of Polish statehood, but the "Polish" authorities do not see this point blank ...
    Rare dolbo ... birds. It can be seen that history did not teach them anything.
  3. Hurricane70
    Hurricane70 15 March 2018 06: 24
    +2
    And who mocks the story? Those whom History has put in its proper place! And he’ll put the current ones!
  4. already a Muscovite
    already a Muscovite 15 March 2018 06: 48
    +3
    Pshe psh pshish psh
    prosh pshosh psi bzho
    Bzhizh Bzhi Shezh Zhizh Zhi
    Pshesh shish bzhish, psya krev ... Kurva ...
  5. faiver
    faiver 15 March 2018 10: 10
    0
    downs what else to say hi
  6. andrew42
    andrew42 15 March 2018 10: 32
    +2
    Polonaise on the bones will definitely lead Polonia to the next death of statehood. Sooner or later, but will. Say what you like, but from their Poles, historically, it was the “red" Polish generals who should historically thank - thanks to the presence of those in history, the Poles have their own (!), Fairly expanded (!) Country. Of course, a normal society should be more than grateful to the 500 Soviet soldiers lying in Polish soil, but we no longer require this from Warsaw slabs at the American table. But treating your, Polish (!) Soldiers this way is the height of stupidity multiplied by the small-town gentry greed and the degeneration of pseudo-intelligent "liberal" perverts. Roll, Poland, continue, roll with a bun, to the fox in the teeth.
    1. 406ppm2gv
      406ppm2gv 15 March 2018 11: 29
      +2
      500 Soviet soldiers lying in Polish soil, [i] [/ i] [b] [/ b] as I recall 000 Soviet soldiers, one of them is my grandfather.
      1. andrew42
        andrew42 19 March 2018 14: 51
        0
        I apologize for the inaccuracy in the figures, for I wrote indignation in the heat of the moment. And my grandfather passed Poland in a tank, from Minsk-Mazowiecki through Warsaw to Koenigsberg, we were lucky - he returned home. But it was a question of the attitude of the Polish authorities towards the Poles, who actually participated in the liberation of Poland.
  7. Altona
    Altona 15 March 2018 15: 46
    0
    Quote: Pingo
    some disgrace uncharacteristic for the Poles.

    -------------------------------
    It is quite characteristic. Pilsudski also contemptuously spoke about his General Staff, where each officer flees after a meeting to trade secrets with German, English or French intelligence.
  8. Altona
    Altona 15 March 2018 15: 48
    0
    Quote: Hurricane70
    And he’ll put the current ones!

    --------------------------
    They will also remember with a kind word of Stalin, who insisted on the creation of a new Polish state within the expanded borders, when they again play out before the next partition of Poland.
  9. polkovnik manuch
    polkovnik manuch 15 March 2018 19: 23
    0
    They all went crazy there! Really soon the world will be satisfied.
  10. VladGashek
    VladGashek 15 March 2018 21: 29
    0
    What else can you expect from the Poles? The people, like the "hatskrayniki" bourgeois. Small-town thinking, the absence of statist interests is the essence of the Polish worldview. If you recall the history, then the panic “not allowing” destroyed all statehood. They cut the roots of their state in the 18th century, and they will cut them in 21. And Poland will become a deaf parish of the Anglo-Saxons. A Polish people's Generals sorry.
  11. Radikal
    Radikal 15 March 2018 21: 52
    0
    Quote: Turkestan
    In the late 80s and early 90s, our country betrayed and left without the support of all its friends, and now we are reaping the benefits of this vile betrayal. Maybe before we condemn ourselves.

    yes good hi
  12. 320423
    320423 15 March 2018 22: 48
    0
    the more I learn about the European Union, the more they look like fascists. especially after the video "forest brothers" in NATO.
    1. lance
      lance 17 March 2018 17: 13
      0
      Europe gives birth to Natsik for the third time. apparently the latter.
  13. acetophenon
    acetophenon 16 March 2018 01: 06
    0
    And weakly demoralize Germashevsky from astronauts?
  14. iouris
    iouris 16 March 2018 20: 43
    0
    "Russians do not abandon their own!" On this basis, it was possible for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the trade union of marshals and generals to move their fins.
  15. da Vinci
    da Vinci 17 March 2018 17: 51
    0
    And what if in Moscow they name Yaruzelsky Street, or even some kind of military unit? wink
    1. iouris
      iouris 18 March 2018 12: 14
      +2
      So in Moscow soon all the streets will be renamed. Probably, a monument is needed, and not only to Marshal Jaruzelsky, but also to the entire Army of Ludova.
      1. da Vinci
        da Vinci 18 March 2018 21: 22
        0
        Why not! Brothers in Arms!!! good
  16. Vasily Vintikov
    Vasily Vintikov 25 March 2018 18: 00
    0
    General V. Yaruzelsky, unlike those encroaching on his memory, will forever remain in history as a wise and honest politician. Which, by the way, back in 1981 he actually bequeathed to his followers to always remember the main principle of Poland’s foreign policy: "It’s stupid to look for friends far and enemies close."