Military Review

"Midge" which became a mosquito for the Nazis: the feat of SKA-065

63
25 March marks the 75 anniversary of the legendary feat of the small hunter SKA-065 type MO-4. On that day, a small (sometimes “sea”) hunter, who was often called “a midge” in his own way, turned into a real mosquito. He not only accepted the battle with the superior forces of the enemy, but also emerged victorious because he completed the task and was able to reach the destination, despite the fantastic number of corps punctures.




SKA-065

It looks like tremendous luck. But in real life, this “luck” was based on two facts. First, the professionalism and courage of the personnel. And, secondly, the exceptional survivability of a small ship, thanks to its competent design and the materials used.

As it sometimes happens, boats of the MO series with a displacement of about 50 tons were projected on an initiative basis at the OGPU Marine Shipyard. For the sake of truth, it should be noted that the design of “small hunters” (they started to be called officially) went independently from different design bureaus, but as a result, mass production started in 1934 just at the OGPU Leningrad shipyards (1934 was the last year for this structure). In the new patrol boat tried to meet all the requirements of the management of the Navy and the control of the frontier. The ship was supposed to perform the tasks of hunting for submarines, guarding the state border, have high seaworthiness, powerful enough weapons, and also be compact enough to transport it by rail.

In the course of the development of the project and the “running-in” of it into practice, a new type of small hunter, MO-4, appeared. At MO-4, the width (3,9 m) and length (26,9 m) of the hull increased, but the board decreased by 10 cm. The case was wooden - a three-layer sheathing with percale gaskets (a high-strength fabric used since 19th century on navy) At the same time, the hull was divided into 9 compartments by watertight bulkheads, which affected the “luckiness” of SKA-065, which was stitched almost through, but was not about to sink to the teeth grinding of the Nazis.

"Midge" which became a mosquito for the Nazis: the feat of SKA-065


One of the hunters who reached the base on their own, thanks to the high survivability of the ship

The power plant consisted of 3-x gasoline engines GAM-34BS, allowing boats to give speeds up to 27 nodes. The war, however, made adjustments. The fleet demanded more and more boats, and, despite the difficult wartime, domestic factories built the 74 ship. But due to the shortage of various components, including engines, the boats were also equipped with engines of other brands and power, which had a negative effect on the speed of travel.



21-K guns and their modification on the right 21-KM, raised from the bottom of the Black Sea. Exhibited in the museum of military equipment in Novorossiysk

Armament for this size was quite powerful. The armament consisted of two 45-mm 21-K guns (later they began to install 21-KM), two machine guns — initially “Maxim” machine gun, and from 1938, the DShK machine gun. Also, the boats were equipped with bombers in the stern and the presence of depth bombs BB-1 and BM-1. The hunters for staging the chimney hood had smoke bombs of MDSh installed in the baskets directly above the bomb emitters.



Stern of a small hunter - you can see the dummies, and below them depth charges

Of course, during the war, and even before, they tried to strengthen weapons in various ways. For example, anti-aircraft 20 mm Oerlikon or 25 mm 84-KM anti-aircraft guns were installed. This was a necessary necessity, since the enemy brought significant damage to the boats aviation. Not even without the burning desire of the authorities to increase the artillery power of the ship. It got to the point that a 76 mm gun was installed on the prototype. This raised the displacement from 54 standard tons to the 61st, and tests showed that seaworthiness decreased significantly to such an extent that the slightest crew error with a sea wave of 7 points would easily overturn the ship. As a result, the idea with a 76-mm gun was abandoned.



Machine gun DShK MO-4

In March, 1943, Pavel Sivenko, having received the next order of the command of the Tuapse naval base formed in 1941, hurried to his sea hunter SKA-065, who was part of the 5 division of patrol boats OVR TVMB. The bridgehead "Malaya Zemlya" in Novorossiysk demanded a constant supply, which went through several "branches" - one from Tuapse to Gelendzhik, and the other from Gelendzhik to the bridgehead. Pavel, who by that time had barely knocked 23 of the year, was to become this branch.



The order was to escort the transport "Achilleon" with valuable cargo safe and sound. Paul was well aware that the task even close does not seem easy, or at least routine. The Germans tried desperately to sink any, even the smallest supply convoy. In addition, the only transport worker under the name “Achilleon”, which the author managed to find, was an Austrian-built steam-schooner of Austrian production 1869 of the year with a speed of 7 nodes.





Photo and model of transport "Achilleon"

Further, some information sources differ somewhat in the data, without giving explanations. First, the date of the famous battle in the award list of one of the foremen of the boat - 23 of March, when 25 is categorically stated as in other sources. This can be explained by the fact that in the award list there is the date of leaving Tuapse, and if you throw in travel time during the rough seas, various force majeure circumstances and so on, the battle took place on 25. Secondly, various sources also argue with each other on which segment of the path and where the little hunter moved when he accepted the battle - he was going from “Little Earth” to Gelendzhik, unloaded in Gelendzhik itself and already accompanied “Achilleon” back to Tuapse or it was completely attacked before arriving in Gelendzhik. However, according to again the award lists and, alas, reports of irretrievable losses, after the battle SKA-065 still went to Gelendzhik.

In fact, the boat was attacked almost throughout the entire transition. And it got SKA-065 from dozens of U-87, and from German torpedo shnellbots. However, it was the shnellboats who did not constitute a big threat to the convoy. Pavel Sivenko, graduated from the Black Sea Higher Naval School named after PS. Nakhimov and accumulated considerable experience of service for the 2 of the war year, tore off all the calls of boats on the torpedo attack "Achilleon". As a result, putting the smoke curtain, took the transport from the threat. Moreover, the torpedo boats of the Nazis were afraid to come close to the shore because of coastal batteries, they also feared retaliation of our fleet, and therefore acted with swift, rapid raids with the same rapid withdrawal.

But after meeting with torpedo boats, it is time to meet with the Luftwaffe. Naturally, Commander Sivenko, was expecting this meeting, but even he could not assume that their tiny convoy could attack so many dive-bombers Ju-87. According to various sources, the sea hunter and its transporter collapsed from 30 to 50 combat vehicles.



Ju-87 over the sea waves

The hunter constantly maneuvered, desperately snarling with machine-gun fire to shoot down the bombers entering the combat course and prevent them from dropping bombs on the transport ship. But no matter how the boat spins, almost all the crew members were injured. Suddenly, it became clear that the Germans, frenzied by such persistence of a small hunter, had already forgotten about the transport and pounced on the boat with all their might.

The boat just showered with large and small fragments. The entire calculation of the nasal instrument — foreman 1 of the article Stepan Sklyar, Grigoriev and Perevoznik — were injured of varying degrees of severity, but they did not stop the fire. Boatsman Daniel Antonenko continued to work on the goal of his DShK, even when he was wounded in both hands. Seeing how the flag halyard had broken, and the banner of a small but very proud hunter fluttered with a simple rag, the sailor of the Basil Potapov, already being wounded, re-connected the halyard and the banner of the boat so that the enemy could see with whom he leads the war.

Despite the blood-filled deck and a shower of splinters and bullets, steering officer 2 of the article Pavel Zhovan managed to keep his composure and in this crimson ballet he clearly executed Sivenko's orders for maneuvering and avoiding air bombs.

Foreman 2 articles from the first minutes of the battle, Grigory Kuropyatnikov did not let go of the machine gun. This did not change even when Grisha literally cut off his left arm above the elbow with a large fragment, and small fragments cut his head and chest. He continued to fire with his right hand, until he noticed that the next enemy hail at the stern lit up dwarfs, and they were located directly above the already battered battle depth charges. Kuropyatnikov rushed to the stern and, as it was written in black and white in the award list, he had a bite to eat the end with which he received smoke cups. Thus, Gregory saved the ship from destruction.



Gregory Kuropyatnikov

Seeing Kuropyatnikov trying to push the dummies overboard, his place at the machine gun was taken by the assistant commander, Lieutenant Jacob Mazler. Already seriously injured, Yakov led machine-gun fire until he received the last fatal wound. He died in Gelendzhik hospital from 26 wounds in March 1943. For this death, the Nazis paid two dive bombers (respectively 2-me pilots and arrows), but most importantly could not put on the bottom of a valuable cargo, intended for the bridgehead "Malaya Zemlya".

The riddled boat, and the transport worker protected by it, finally arrived in Gelendzhik (then the Novorossiysk naval base was located there), when our planes arrived to help. The SKA-065 seemed about to sink, giving the 15-degree trim to the nose and burrowing into the wave. The left engine is gloch, the stem has been broken, the wheelhouse has been displaced, the left hull cheekbone has been destroyed, multiple pipelines have been broken through, etc. According to some information, about 200 holes were counted, according to other whole 1600, it is possible, taking into account small fragmental damage and other things, since the boat, as already indicated, showered with a real hail of deadly metal. Only seriously wounded remained in Gelendzhik, and the hunter himself was patched up, putting temporary “patches”, and he set off on his own in Tuapse. There SKA-065 has become a full repair.



Pavel Sivenko, cadet photo

All the sailors of this heroic drama, and most of them did not turn out to be not only 30 but also 25 years, were awarded orders and medals. Jacob Mazler was awarded the Order of the Patriotic War I degree posthumously. Grigory Kuropyatnikov became the Hero of the Soviet Union. The commander of the ship, Senior Lieutenant Pavel Sivenko was awarded the Order of the Red Banner. However surprisingly dramatic история how one small hunter fought off a whole flock of vultures, enraged by such perseverance, reached our sworn allies in the United States. In one of the newspapers, the journalist described the Black Sea battle so touchingly that it touched someone in the government. As a result, Pavel was awarded with the medal "For Distinguished Service" in absentia.



Pavel Pavlovich Sivenko

Grigory Kuropyatnikov died in Kirovograd (the Nebrat recently renamed the city Kropivnitsky) in 1982. After the war, Pavel Sivenko moved closer to his alma mater in Sevastopol. He lived a long and decent life, survived the collapse of the Union, for which he fought, the marches of Bandera's shortages in Ukraine ... Pavel Pavlovich died in 2015, at the age of 95 years, as if he was expecting only one thing all the time - reunion with a country that did not forget and did not betray anathema neither his business nor the affairs of his crew SKA-065.
Author:
63 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. andrewkor
    andrewkor 15 March 2018 06: 56
    +10
    The first model I built in childhood was just MO. Sets of wooden semi-finished products with a rubber-motor drive were sold, long before plastic sets!
    And on real boats, I would add a couple more DShK!
    1. Fitter65
      Fitter65 15 March 2018 14: 24
      +7
      Yes, and I had such a set. The truth was then, and other plastic sets appeared. By the way, these sets really encourage children to learn the history of their homeland. And the place with that and about those heroes who fought on this technique ... This is an addition to the theme of patriotic educating the younger generation ...
    2. motorized rifle
      motorized rifle 15 March 2018 15: 17
      +5
      They added, only a couple of Browning M2 12,7mm caliber. Here from "MK" for 1975 №4:
      "... Fighting with airplanes showed the need to fire from machine guns on both sides. Machine guns could rotate as you like, but on a narrow boat the gunner was interrupted by the racks. Then the sailors cut the railing and set up a folding platform at the plane. In the battle, the gunner fastened to with a belt, it could freely "go overboard" by rotating the heavy DShK 360 °. In the same way, two additional machine guns were installed, which significantly increased the firepower of the ship.
    3. beeper
      beeper 15 March 2018 17: 22
      +5
      Childhood ... my dad also bought this set for me, but I still didn’t paint my “hunter” in a “ball color” - I started it in the bathroom and then in the pond ... there was a good, good time smile ! Ever since the time of “perestroika,” that collective farm pond has been fenced off by all sorts of “tenants” from all residents — now neither swim, nor fish, nor just sit with the family by the water.
      Youth ... my mother went to the market on Sunday for groceries, and I was bought by the "Modeller-Designer" with a story about "small hunters" and drawings "MO-4 (by the way, with reinforced, additional installation of ShKAS machine guns, armament)" captain Igor Petrovich Chernyshev (I later found his book of memoirs in the library and read it). So I liked this boat (after reading this article) that I decided to make it a cardboard model (the “small model” experience came in handy, conceptually and technologically smile ) ... in my absence, the natives launched this boat in a trough of water and only good memories remained smile .
      Now, at the current “level” of design and technological experience and technical equipment, it’s just “for myself”, as if to calm my nerves and “summing up”, I’m thinking “if I don’t aim at” making a thread from my favorite historic ships? winked
      And since it’s better to start with simpler models, now I’m thinking about the destroyers “Terrible” and “Karl Liebknecht”, or about “mosquito mosquitoes” ... but the main thing in any business is to move from fruitless “reflections” to embodiment! yes
      hi
  2. andrewkor
    andrewkor 15 March 2018 07: 08
    +4
    An amazing battle against the backdrop of the fact that it was the Yu-57 that sank three Soviet destroyers at once on the Black Sea on October 6, 1943!
    1. Amurets
      Amurets 15 March 2018 10: 09
      +2
      Quote: andrewkor
      An amazing battle against the backdrop of the fact that it was the Yu-57 that sank three Soviet destroyers at once on the Black Sea on October 6, 1943!

      Soviet ships got from the Yu-87 and the Baltic, remember the battleship Marat: “On September 16, 27 dive bombers Yu-87 and Yu-88 hit the Marat. At the same time, four enemy batteries fell upon it. When the attack was repelled, it turned out that although the ship itself was almost uninjured, the losses in personnel and anti-aircraft crews were significant.

      The next day, the "Marat" relocated to Kronstadt. Having moored in the Middle Harbor, the battleship continued the artillery shelling of enemy positions.

      Parking in a new place was not at all calmer. And here the water was buzzing from the explosions of bombs and shells, and the armadas of Luftwaffe bombers rushed here with the sole purpose of destroying the combat core of the Baltic Fleet and, above all, the Marat, which had strongly plagued the Nazis. On September 23, the pilots of German dive-bombers set off on a mission for the first time, carrying 1000 kg of bombs delivered under the fuselage specially for fighting battleships.
      https://masterok.livejournal.com/1207992.html
      And on the Black Sea September 21, 1941. In the early morning of September 21, the squadron commander left Sevastopol on the Frunze destroyer in order to coordinate with the commander of the Odessa defensive area a plan for cooperation during the landing. At 14 p.m., being in the area of ​​the Tendrovskaya Spit, the Frunze signalmen discovered the burning gunboat Red Armenia. An enemy air bomb hit it. The destroyer quickly went closer to the ship in distress, firing simultaneously from guns of all calibres on an airplane that came from the sun for a second attack. "On this day, near the Tendra Spit, from the action of dive-bombers Yu-87 Black Sea Fleet, it lost the Red Army gunboat "Novik Frunze type destroyer, tug boat OP-2. Yuri Stepanov, Igor Fedorovich Tsvetkov
      The destroyer "Novik"
    2. Fitter65
      Fitter65 15 March 2018 14: 25
      +2
      Quote: andrewkor
      what exactly is the Yu-57

      Correct spelling of the Ju-87 (Ju-87)
      1. andrewkor
        andrewkor 15 March 2018 18: 13
        +1
        Sorry, I missed the desired number on the tablet and did not fix it!
    3. faiver
      faiver 15 March 2018 18: 25
      +2
      Well, like SKA-065 is several times smaller than destroyers, so it’s quite logical
  3. Andrey VOV
    Andrey VOV 15 March 2018 07: 49
    +4
    It’s real about our soldiers and sailors like that — they don’t burn in the fire and don’t drown in water, and at the same time laying the bottom of fascist flyers !!
  4. parusnik
    parusnik 15 March 2018 07: 50
    +6
    In the Great Patriotic War, patrol boats - submarine hunters - established themselves as universal ships that performed a wide variety of tasks. These were real workers of the sea. Thanks to the author for the article ...
  5. midshipman
    midshipman 15 March 2018 08: 26
    +16
    In our school there was a deputy chief captain of the first rank Shegolev. During the war, he commanded a torpedo boat in the Baltic. After one operation, his boat approached the pier in Kronstadt and sank. The boat's nose was torn off. And he reached the base because the boat was going on a redan at high speed. I have the honor.
  6. Amurets
    Amurets 15 March 2018 08: 47
    +2
    Author. Thank. Another topic about little-known or forgotten episodes of the Second World War on the Black Sea. Unfortunately, little has been written about the sailors of the Mosquito Fleet, torpedo boats.
    1. alstr
      alstr 15 March 2018 12: 47
      +5
      But a lot is also known. Mostly thanks to the oddly strange youngs.
      Because all the same, their exploits were illuminated, and for the most part they served just on small ships: torpedo boats, minesweepers, and MO.
      Sasha Kovalev (saved TK), Ivan Zorin (participated in boarding (aha in the 20th century), Ivan Dudorov (repeated the feat of Sasha Kovalev), Valery Lyalin (repaired the engine and then brought the TK with an injured crew of a safe place), Vladimir Moiseenko (GSS. distinguished himself on the shore in the Pacific Ocean).

      Yes, they also made a film about the Jungs of the Northern Fleet about the Jung. There they are just fighting in the shopping mall and Moscow region.
      1. Amurets
        Amurets 15 March 2018 13: 25
        +4
        Quote: alstr
        Yes, they also made a film about the Jungs of the Northern Fleet about the Jung. There they are just fighting in the shopping mall and Moscow region.

        Well, you can still recall V. Pikul, his memoirs about the Solovetsky school of Jung "Boys with bows." On the preparation of Jung.
        1. alstr
          alstr 15 March 2018 13: 46
          +1
          Of the writers were still V. Zyslin, V. Guzanov.
          Guzanov also has an autobiographical book - the Solovetsky Sails.
  7. Olgovich
    Olgovich 15 March 2018 08: 54
    +3
    The successful ship turned out to be cheap and, at the same time, strong.
    And our people made him invincible!
    1. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 15 March 2018 11: 21
      +4
      Quote: Olgovich
      The successful ship turned out to be cheap and, at the same time, strong.

      Not entirely successful - however, like all universal ships. The MPO NKVD's main complaint against the Ministry of Defense was poor controllability at low speeds, which is extremely important when approaching an inspected or detained vessel. At the Navy - the absence of any protection for military personnel and high-frequency air, the lack of reserves for modernization. In the magazine "Gangut" there was an article on military modernization of the Moscow Region - the situation was from the series "tail pulled out - head bogged down". We put bulletproof armor on the bridge and gas tanks - I had to remove the shields from the" forty-five, "depriving the guns of at least some protection. We tried to stick at least one" airlikon "- there were problems with stability + I had to reduce the already small reserve of deep bombs.
      The main problem of the Ministry of Defense was that its main opponents in the light forces class were the larger and better armed schnellboats and ramumbots.
      1. Olgovich
        Olgovich 17 March 2018 09: 14
        0
        Quote: Alexey RA
        Not entirely successful - however, like all universal ships.

        Not in vain did I mention CHEAPER, i.e. for the money that he was worth it was the best decision.
        Any improvement would add value, time, and decrease quantity.
    2. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 15 March 2018 12: 15
      +4
      As a result, in 1942 the Navy had to give an order for the development of new projects of universal MOs, in which the problems of the MO-4 would be eliminated: weak weapons, low stability, low speed.
      On the mainland, TK created a wooden OD-200 with a 37 mm machine gun and a pair of 12,7 mm machine guns. But in the Baltic, in besieged Leningrad, it turned out that in the city and on Ladoga there are no wood specialists capable of organizing the production of wooden cases. And then the decision was made - to build a steel MO, since there was enough armor in the city. The speed of the resulting boat did not shine, but 8-12 mm of armor protection and armament of 45-mm and 37-mm guns + 2 paired DShK sailors extremely pleased. Plus, the BMO could even work in the ice:
      With the participation in landing operations at Narva in February 1944, BMOs were distinguished by high survivability. Without damage, they crossed the ice crust 6-7 cm thick. There was a case when BMO No. 502 at Tolbukhin's lighthouse jumped out onto the stones. After pulling off, only minor dents were found on the skin.
    3. avt
      avt 15 March 2018 12: 20
      +3
      Quote: Olgovich
      The successful ship turned out to be cheap and, at the same time, strong.

      wassat Lucky for whom and why ?? For service in
      Quote: Alexey RA
      MPO NKVD
      by whose order this project actually appeared? Well, most likely, yes. AND
      Quote: Alexey RA
      universal

      they became from a terrible shortage of boats and patrol ships and really
      Quote: Olgovich
      And our people made him invincible!

      But when in the same North they fell under the same FW-190, there was practically no chance with all the heroism and experience of the crews, about which Major General Kabanov wrote in his memoirs.
      Quote: andrewkor
      And on real boats, I would add a couple more DShK!

      request I don’t know about the DShK, but in addition a couple of ShKASs were put on board, but it’s like an elephant in the park. There was obviously a lack of project 122a.
      Quote: Olgovich
      Lucky ship
      Well, in the sense of MO boats.
      Quote: Alexey RA
      The main problem of the Ministry of Defense was that its main opponents in the light forces class were the larger and better armed schnellboats and ramumbots.

      All the same, it is more likely that aviation, and specifically with the advent of the 190th, the chances of surviving when meeting it were calculated in units of percent and obviously not more than 10%. request If there was no air cover.
      1. Alexey RA
        Alexey RA 15 March 2018 14: 42
        +3
        Quote: avt
        All the same, aviation rather, and specifically with the advent of the 190th, the chances of surviving when meeting with him were calculated in units of percent and obviously not more than 10%

        Well, aviation is out of competition here. Therefore, I considered only surface classmates that the MOs encountered in patrols and during landings. EMNIP, at the Black Sea Fleet, attempts to stick something automatic larger than the DShK on the MO-4 began precisely as a result of meetings with German boats, rather than airplanes - it was extremely difficult to get from 21-K into the enemy’s boat in a quick skirmish at high speed.
      2. Olgovich
        Olgovich 17 March 2018 09: 15
        0
        Quote: avt
        Lucky for whom and why ??

        For the ratio "price quality"
        1. avt
          avt 17 March 2018 09: 23
          0
          Quote: Olgovich
          For the ratio of price and quality

          This criterion, which is very important by the way, only works if the product is used exactly for its originally intended purpose. In this particular case - exclusively MorPogranOkhrana NKVD.
    4. zoolu350
      zoolu350 15 March 2018 16: 01
      +2
      Not Bulk Crunches, real Soviet heroes.
  8. Blacksmith 55
    Blacksmith 55 15 March 2018 09: 17
    +3
    Yes, there were people these days .....!

    Once in my childhood I saw a film about Moscow Region. Unfortunately I do not remember the name, who knows, please remind me, with great pleasure I will look again.
    I only remember that they captured a German doctor, but he turned out to be a dentist.

    Thanks in advance to those readers who help with the title.
    1. Sober
      Sober 15 March 2018 09: 56
      +3
      Is this the movie? Where is 047?
      1. Ham
        Ham 15 March 2018 10: 30
        +2
        "Where is 042?" there about the armored boat that broke through from the Sea of ​​Azov to the Black ... and about this feat I read the story "Hold on, foreman" as a child ... that's just about him - about Grigory Kuropyatnikov
        1. Blacksmith 55
          Blacksmith 55 15 March 2018 10: 44
          +2
          Thank you, be sure to watch and read, for me the book is better than the movie.
      2. Rusfaner
        Rusfaner 15 March 2018 11: 12
        +2
        But there is no sea hunter. In the film, a river armored boat with a tank tower.
        1. Sorokin
          Sorokin 15 March 2018 22: 04
          0
          It is the armored river Kamsky in Perm that is of a late version
      3. kuzma2
        kuzma2 15 March 2018 11: 23
        0
        in my opinion the movie “sea hunter” was called
    2. Curious
      Curious 15 March 2018 23: 51
      0
      "Submarine chaser". The film was shot in 1954 on the story of the same name by Nikolai Chukovsky.
  9. thinker
    thinker 15 March 2018 10: 45
    +1
    From an interview with P.P. Sivenko -
    Our heroic boat SK-065, for its feat, was ordered by the order of the People's Commissar of the Navy of the USSR Nikolai Gerasimovich Kuznetsov to be called the guard.

    https://iremember.ru/memoirs/krasnoflottsi/sivenk
    o-pavel-pavlovich /
  10. bubalik
    bubalik 15 March 2018 11: 42
    +4
    ,,, some historical photos






  11. Kostadinov
    Kostadinov 15 March 2018 12: 14
    +1
    Quote: Alexey RA
    The main problem of the Ministry of Defense was that its main opponents in the light forces class were the larger and better armed schnellboats and ramumbots.

    The cost of snellbots is an order of magnitude higher than MO. Moreover, the Moscow Region sometimes didn’t drown after a direct hit by torpedoes from German submarines and managed to destroy the German seven with deep bombs in an underwater position. I don’t remember the German Schnellbot which drowned a Soviet submarine with deep bombs or didn’t drown after a torpedo hit.
    1. Curious
      Curious 15 March 2018 15: 22
      +3
      "Moreover, the Moscow Region sometimes didn’t drown after a direct hit by torpedoes from German submarines and managed to destroy the German seven with deep bombs in underwater position."
      Give an example, when a torpedo hits a Moscow region, then it explodes, and it survives.
      The second question. And in what position with depth charges does the submarine destroy - in the surface?
    2. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 15 March 2018 15: 27
      +4
      Quote: Kostadinov
      Moreover, the MO sometimes did not sink after a direct hit by torpedoes from German submarines

      MO-107 and MO-304 were very lucky - torpedoes hit practically the bow of the boats.

      Moreover, the MO-304 commander initially reported that he was fired from the shore by enemy artillery and received a direct hit from a 203-254-mm shell.
      Quote: Kostadinov
      and managed the German seven to destroy with depth charges in submerged bombs

      If you are talking about the U-250, then it was cooperative mat. The submarine commander was so brutalized by lack of targets that he climbed to the depths at which the boat could be visually detected even when underwater. As a result, the sentinel SKA, seeing something passing under it, notified the remaining boats and reported the approximate course of the submarine - after which the approaching MO-103 discovered the submarine and drowned it. The depth at the drowning site was only 36 meters!
      1. Curious
        Curious 15 March 2018 19: 04
        0
        These were the German electric homing torpedoes G7es (TV) “Zaunkönig”. U-250 then lifted.
        In the book "Ladinsky Yu. V. Military shift. - M .: Military Publishing House, 1983" - all this is described in great detail. Ladinsky Yu. V - a direct participant in the events.
        1. Alexey RA
          Alexey RA 16 March 2018 10: 08
          +1
          Quote: Curious
          These were the German electric homing torpedoes G7es (TV) “Zaunkönig”. U-250 then lifted.

          EMNIP, modern researchers doubt that it was a homing torpedo - they say that Schmidt was not so crazy as to shoot at the Moscow region with a pair of expensive "wrenches". smile
          1. Curious
            Curious 16 March 2018 14: 19
            +2
            All these events, up to the raising of the U-250 and its inspection together with the German captain, who escaped and neutralized the traps, are described by Ladinsky. direct participant in what was happening.
            Considering that the same “MO-304” was torpedoed while in a drift, doubts are justified, since the “Hive” acoustic guidance system had acoustic target sensors, which ensured homing of the torpedoes by the cavitation noise of the propellers. However, the device had the disadvantage that when it passed through a turbulent wake flow, it could work prematurely. In addition, the device was able to detect cavitation noises only at a target speed of 10 to 18 knots at a distance of about 300 m.
            Obviously, a torpedo of the G7 type of one of the modifications could be used against boats without a guidance system.
            1. hohol95
              hohol95 16 March 2018 15: 52
              0
              According to the description, the MO-250 sunk on that fateful day for the U-105 went on the attack on the boat and developed a speed of more than 10 knots! A simple torpedo on a moving boat?
              Yu. Dudnikov
              SO THE SECRET OF “TSAUNKENIGA” WAS DISCLOSED
              At the northern entrance to the Björközund Strait, the 12th division of minesweepers carried out trawling. DZ-908 and DZ-910 smoke meters were nearby, ready to cover minesweepers from shelling Finnish batteries ... Everything was calm. "MO-105" was moving in the middle course, then stopped the car, listening to the thickness of the water.

              Werner Schmidt clearly saw through the periscope a small vessel flooded with the rays of the sun: it shone directly into the eyes of the MO-105 signalmen.

              “Fine,” said Schmidt, lowering the periscope. - Navigator, write: "An enemy patrol ship has been discovered."

              - According to the acoustics report, this is again a Russian hunter! - objected the navigator.

              “Write:“ patrol ship, ”Schmidt repeated with pressure. - Now it will fly to hell, and then you can’t prove whether it was a ship or a lousy boat! If it weren’t for the order of “Papa,” I would prefer to gouge this piece of wood from our small foot rather than spend “Tsaunkёnig” on it.

              Two minutes later, everything was “tovs”. Raising the periscope, Schmidt suddenly discovered that the MO had changed course and now, for some reason, was going straight to the boat. A white breaker grew under his stem. “Eighteen knots,” Schmidt mechanically remarked and ordered:

              - The third apparatus - or!

              The torpedoist habitually tore the handle of the battle cylinder, and the "Tsaunkёnig" with a gurgle escaped from the cramped tube of the apparatus. The torpedo rushed at the minimum deepening, and the sun's rays highlighted its predatory bright yellow warhead, in which several hundred kilograms of explosives were hidden. For a small wooden boat, this was more than enough.

              ... No matter how hiding in the depths of Werner Schmidt, the commander of the steering compartment "MO-105" still noticed the periscope "V-250" and immediately reported this to the commander.

              - Full speed ahead! Bombs! - the team followed, and, roaring engines, "One Hundred and Fifth" dashingly rushed to the place where the dark column of the periscope appeared for a moment. Now the boat will be "at a point", black cylinders of depth bombs will slide behind the stern, explosions will burst, and ...

              And the explosion really struck! He threw the MO-105 out of the water, scattering the wreckage of the ship far away. A monstrous fireworks soared above the water from flaring gasoline, exploding ammunition, and signal flares.

              “An expensive firework,” Schmidt muttered, watching through the eyepiece of the periscope for the falling column of water, an illuminated flame. - Navigator, you need to slowly get out of here ... However, we will wait. Now someone will come here. If it will be another boat, we’ll attach it to this ...
            2. hohol95
              hohol95 16 March 2018 15: 54
              0
              Werner Schmidt, who had completely recovered from the shock and realized that he would not be shot, hanged, or even sent to terrible Siberia, was present at the opening of his V-250 compartments. He prompted and showed how to tear off doors, where what is, where what to look for. He also accepted the last "parade" of his former crew, trying not to look at his "boys", to the rescue of which he made no effort.
              Secret maps were found with the borders of minefields marked on them, with submarine courses, and transport fairways. Secret codes and ciphers were found, the V-250 magazine with boastful records of sunken “patrol ships” ...
      2. hohol95
        hohol95 15 March 2018 21: 37
        0
        Yu. Dudnikov
        SO THE SECRET OF “TSAUNKENIGA” WAS DISCLOSED
        Documentary story
        The death of "One-fifth" occurred in front of the crews of the 12th division of minesweeper boats. But they continued to do their work. He continued to remain with them and "DZ-910" is a smoke smokers boat the size of a little bigger than a boat. All his “combat power” consisted of smoke equipment and one machine gun. But service on it was carried out clearly, as it should be in service on a warship.

        On June 19.06, the observer of the smoke curtain, sailor N. Bondar, noticed the periscope appearing and disappearing and immediately reported to his commander, Chief Sergeant B. Pavlov. He immediately led the boat to the place where the periscope had just been seen. Roundering abruptly with the engine, the boat began to describe the circulation, heartbroken heart-rendingly, and Cooper shot rockets after the rockets in the sky, trying to attract the attention of sailors from the "One-third."
        “There’s some kind of carousel upstairs,” the acoustics reported to Schmidt. - Someone grabbed at us, walks around us in circulation.
        “Commander, it's time to leave for our canyon,” the navigator warned anxiously. - We are in shallow water! They can cover us.
        “Indeed, perhaps it is time,” Schmidt agreed. - Turn to the canyon ... They don’t hear us yet ...
        Using the screws carefully, the boat began to turn slowly ...
        "DZ-910" drifted ... Pavlov saw that the "MO-103" noticed its signals and, turning around, hurried to them. Pavlov turned his gaze to the surface of the water and almost cried out: the oblique rays of the low sun illuminated the water column at a certain angle so that in its depths one could see a huge cigar-shaped shadow slowly floating under the boat. This steel shark crept to the depths, leaving dangerous shallow water.

        - She's here! - that there was power cried Pavlov. “Just passed under us!” - And he showed with his hand the direction in which the submarine passed.

        The MO-103 was nearby, and Kolenko sent the boat there. Now the signalman V. Vyatkin drew the commander's attention to the track, clearly visible in the slanting rays of the sun. It is usually formed behind a sailing ship, but at that moment it was over an enemy submarine, sneaking at a shallow depth.
        A minute later, an acoustics report followed:
        - Right down the line, the noise of the submarine's propellers!
        - Bombs! - the team followed. “The depth of the explosion is fifteen meters!”

        So was the SMOKER or SKA?
        1. Alexey RA
          Alexey RA 16 March 2018 10: 00
          0
          Quote: hohol95
          So was the SMOKER or SKA?

          And one and the other at once - in one bottle housing. smile
          DZ-910 is KM-910: a boat of the KM type, which was designed as a small PSKA and SKA. So initially it was SKA, and then became DZ.
  12. Curious
    Curious 15 March 2018 13: 57
    +6
    "Author. Thank you. Another topic about little-known or forgotten episodes of the Second World War on the Black Sea. Unfortunately, little has been written about the sailors of the Mosquito Navy, torpedo boats."
    Yes, I would not say. I learned about the exploit of the crew SK-065 in a very distant childhood from this book.

    Perlya Z.N. Stories about warships. (Moscow: Military Publishing House, 1954) I highly recommend the younger generation. For some reason, there are no such books now. It is very well written about the valor and heroism of Soviet naval sailors during the Great Patriotic War. Including katernikov.
    1. Curious
      Curious 15 March 2018 13: 58
      +3

      And this is an illustration from the specified book to the article about "SK-065".
      1. Mikado
        Mikado 15 March 2018 17: 10
        +2
        And this is an illustration from the specified book to the article about "SK-065".

        they have 37 graph paper. Error in the book?
        1. faiver
          faiver 15 March 2018 18: 34
          +2
          illustration in a children's book :) they could draw anything there, be easier :)
          1. Mikado
            Mikado 15 March 2018 18: 42
            +1
            Well, yes, you are right. But the illustration is beautiful.
            1. Curious
              Curious 15 March 2018 19: 22
              +2
              I specifically chose this illustration. The artist, in order to convey the tension of the battle, neglected, let us say, the technical details.
              As for the technical part, it is illustrated very well. One of the artists is K. Arceulov.
              1. Mikado
                Mikado 15 March 2018 20: 33
                +1
                remembered the name. It seems to me that Artseulov is one of the most underrated geniuses. You can write an encyclopedia of creativity. That's what genes mean on both sides. hi on "Corner of the Sky" is written, shot down 18 enemy aircraft. soldier Victor Nikolaevich, thank you very much!
                1. Curious
                  Curious 15 March 2018 21: 10
                  +1
                  Even if he did not bring down anyone, his contribution to the development of aviation is enormous. Artseulov was the first pilot to develop a technique for exiting a corkscrew and to try it himself — the man who defeated the corkscrew. How much he saved lives is hard to imagine.
                  1. Mikado
                    Mikado 15 March 2018 21: 16
                    +1
                    but how many he taught. How much circled. The founder of glider sport was ... He painted at the same time! Few such people. soldier
  13. myobius59
    myobius59 15 March 2018 14: 10
    +4
    Quote: Alexey RA
    Quote: Olgovich
    The successful ship turned out to be cheap and, at the same time, strong.

    Not entirely successful - however, like all universal ships. The MPO NKVD's main complaint against the Ministry of Defense was poor controllability at low speeds, which is extremely important when approaching an inspected or detained vessel. At the Navy - the absence of any protection for military personnel and high-frequency air, the lack of reserves for modernization. In the magazine "Gangut" there was an article on military modernization of the Moscow Region - the situation was from the series "tail pulled out - head bogged down". We put bulletproof armor on the bridge and gas tanks - I had to remove the shields from the" forty-five, "depriving the guns of at least some protection. We tried to stick at least one" airlikon "- there were problems with stability + I had to reduce the already small reserve of deep bombs.
    The main problem of the Ministry of Defense was that its main opponents in the light forces class were the larger and better armed schnellboats and ramumbots.

    It's all about the requirements laid down by the customer for this boat, so that it can be transported by rail. This limited its width and length, and therefore worsened stability with an increase in the number of weapons on the upper deck.
    With very small changes in dimensions and displacement, a much better boat could be made, BUT - there were such conditions that it could be transported by rail
    The same requirements were for torpedo boats, and even for submarines of small displacement, and even before the revolution, destroyers were transported by train.
    1. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 15 March 2018 15: 35
      +2
      Quote: myobius59
      Such same requirements were for torpedo boats, and even even for submarines of small displacement.

      Such requirements for submarines of small displacement were absolutely accurate: the "Baby" were designed based on the calculation of transportation along the railway assembly (dismantling of the conning tower was allowed). Larger submarines also had to be able to transport along the railway, but already section by section.
  14. Romka47
    Romka47 15 March 2018 15: 19
    +3
    Thank you author! He didn’t know anything about this fight when he read my hair on my back moved, these are people! ! ! ! !
  15. The comment was deleted.
    1. hohol95
      hohol95 15 March 2018 21: 43
      +1
      Again came "SPARK" with the bottom of "SPECIAL DUCK" ...
      Oh, to know who you would be in those years ...
      Great designer or great rogue like Kurchevsky ...
      1. Curious
        Curious 15 March 2018 22: 26
        +1
        "... who would you be in those years ... "
        Yes, the same as in these - "ordinary ringer."
        1. hohol95
          hohol95 15 March 2018 22: 47
          +1
          Let's not offend the real RINGERS! It’s just - voiced ... by itself. drinks
          1. Curious
            Curious 15 March 2018 22: 51
            +1
            Let there be an "ordinary chime".
            1. hohol95
              hohol95 15 March 2018 23: 19
              +1
              Exactly the same - this is the evolving SUBSCASIVE Crawl. good
  16. antivirus
    antivirus 15 March 2018 19: 41
    0
    not upholstered furniture on sale snatch