But in 1988, the world learned that the Soviet Union also has a space shuttle. In the "Buran" developed over the course of about 10 years, billions were invested. Despite the fact that it was launched only once, the Soviet shuttle was a more successful and practical project than the American one.
Despite the obvious similarities between the Space Shuttle and the Soviet shuttle, they didn’t have much in common. The most significant difference was in the method of launching the spaceplane into orbit. The first one reached space thanks to three engines built into the shuttle, as well as two external rocket boosters. The Buran, on the other hand, was launched into orbit by the super-heavy carrier rocket Energia.