Military Review

The historian who seized machine guns

45
It is always wonderful when theory is combined with practice. AT stories The Russian army has a man who not only wrote fundamental historical works, but also accomplished feats on the battlefield.


His name is Nikolay Andreevich Sytinsky, the author of "Outlines of the History of the 90 Infantry Regiment of the Onega Regiment". This wonderful fundamental work, which appeared in 1903 year and tells the story of one of the best regiments of the Russian army, is familiar to lovers of national military history.



But the author made a feat on the battlefield.

Born in a merchant family in 1871, the city of Helsingfors, Nyuland Province, Nikolai Andreevich, having graduated from gymnasium, entered 1888 as a volunteer in the 90 th Infantry Onega Regiment. And from then on, his life was connected with this regiment. N. A. Sytinsky graduated from the Vilna Infantry School, subsequently participated in the rank of head captain in the Russo-Japanese War.

And 26. 08. 1914 was the custodian of traditions and the historian of the regiment, as well as the commander of the last company 11 of the last captain N. A. Sytinsky had to dislodge the enemy from the forest edge. The Austrians managed to dig in, and the attack was not easy. Before the attack, the captain-historian made a short speech in front of the company formation. Although for several days the fighters hardly slept, the speech made a deep impression - the morale of the soldiers rose.

Moved forward. Initially, the enemy did not notice the Onezh citizens, but then opened fire on the guns and artillery.

At the right moment, the company officer raised his fighters to the attack - and was in the forefront of the attackers. N. A. Sytinsky led both the battle and the pursuit of the enemy.

During the battle, the officer was wounded - a bullet hit in the right side.

He was wounded when the enemy’s trenches were occupied, and a violent hand-to-hand fight was on. Despite the wound, the captain continued to lead the battle, and when the Auezhis secured the edge of the forest, he lost his strength and fell. The unconscious company was bandaged - but this bandage had to wait for 10 hours.



The injury was serious, and the captain was sent to the rear. The company fully completed its combat mission, and 2 machineguns became its trophies. For capturing the fortified position of the enemy and capturing in this battle by his company of operating machine guns, the captain was awarded the Order of St. George 4 degree.

One of the machine guns was captured by an ordinary 11 of the company Yermolayev. An Austrian officer in cold blood fired from this machine gun - inflicting heavy losses on the attackers. Yermolaev ran up to the machine gun, knocking over the "hell machine" with his shoulder, and with the rifle butt smashed the machine gunner’s head.

By his personal example, the officer-historian showed his subordinates an example of courage, tying together the past and present combat history of the 90-nd Onega Regiment - and he himself became an adornment of the history of his native unit.
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  1. Vard
    Vard 14 March 2018 06: 10
    +3
    All people are divided into those who are able to get out of the trench and those who cannot do this ... And the latter more and more ...
  2. Olgovich
    Olgovich 14 March 2018 07: 35
    +6
    But what is the fate of Sytinsky and did he continue his work, published in 1903?
    Some kind of understatement ....
    1. kipage
      kipage 14 March 2018 07: 56
      +20
      Yes, he finished his work long before the start of the WWII
      The history of the 90th Onega Regiment, already in 903.
      Some kind of understatement

      What understatement?
      talking about a specific feat
      1. Bouncer
        Bouncer 14 March 2018 08: 21
        +21
        In general, this is a wonderful tradition - when officers become historiographers of their units
        The Sytinsky case in this sense is no exception
        The author of another colonel is also a captain.
        1. Doliva63
          Doliva63 15 March 2018 18: 30
          +5
          Each military unit of the USSR Armed Forces had a Historical Form. He was led in part, there are exploits, and heroes, and all the interesting things that were. So I “bought” 32 ORB, in the Historical Form of which I found both my grandfather and father. Sin was to refuse! drinks
      2. Olgovich
        Olgovich 14 March 2018 09: 10
        +4
        Quote: squeeze
        What understatement?

        You fate of Sytinsky AFTER a feat, is not interesting?
        Really, having written the history of the regiment BEFORE the war, he did not write it during and after it?
        1. kipage
          kipage 14 March 2018 09: 21
          +20
          I don’t see innuendo regarding the topic of the article - after all, we are talking about a SPECIFIC episode. You should always pay attention to the name. The article is not entitled "The Fate of Sytinsky" or "The Fate of the History of the Onega Regiment" or something like that.
          It is about capturing 2 machine guns in a specific battle. Rota under the command of the regimental historian. This is already interesting, isn't it?
          There is no understatement in relation to regimental history. The history of the regiment in 1903 was complete. I know her, read it.
          That is, it was a question of ADDITION on the basis of the PMV. By the way, the colonels SOMETIMES appended after the war — moreover, the authors did not have to. Just look at the history of the Cavalry Guard.
          Well, Sytinsky - fought during the war, and then his traces are lost.
          It is interesting to find out, of course, the fate of the brave captain. In perspective. I agree.
          1. Ryazan87
            Ryazan87 14 March 2018 11: 46
            +5
            Kindly, I can partially illuminate:
            Sytinsky will go through the entire Great War, will receive the rank of lieutenant colonel.
            Will be wounded three times:
            - the first time in September 1914 near the village of Babin in Bukovina;
            - the second time in November 1914;
            - The last time in the hip in July 1917.
            The awards will not go around:
            - Order of St. George, 4th century;
            - Order of St. Vladimir, 4th art. with swords and bow
            - Order of St. Anne, 4th art. with the inscription "For courage";
            - Order of St. Anne, 2nd art. with swords;
            - swords for the Order of St. Stanislav, 2nd art.
            In the Civil War he will serve in the Volunteer Army since 1918 (in the 1st Officer Markov Regiment). Whether he survived this war, what happened to his family, I do not know.
          2. Olgovich
            Olgovich 14 March 2018 11: 57
            +2
            Quote: squeeze
            I don’t see innuendo regarding the topic of the article - after all, we are talking about a SPECIFIC episode.

            It is about a specific MAN.
            Quote: squeeze
            The article is not named "The Fate of Sytinsky " or "The Fate of the History of the Onega Regiment" or something like that.

            Yes, yes, and this:
            Born in a merchant family in 1871, the city of Helsingfors, Nyuland Province, Nikolai Andreevich, having graduated from gymnasium, entered 1888 as a volunteer in the 90 th Infantry Onega Regiment. And from then on, his life was connected with this regiment. N. A. Sytinsky graduated from the Vilna Infantry School, subsequently participated in the rank of head captain in the Russo-Japanese War.
            -not the "fate of Sytinsky." And what is IT, in your opinion? belay
            Quote: squeeze
            It is about capturing 2 machine guns in a specific battle.

            Narrated and biography officer and described him literary labor
            Quote: squeeze
            No understatement and in relation to regimental history..

            Regiment - "ended" in 1903? While the regiment is alive, its history is NOT finalized. And it is quite logical to assume that if it is so detailed described even in peacetime, then during the war, it will receive even more close attention.
            Quote: squeeze
            That is, it was a question of ADDITION on the basis of the PMV.

            I mentioned the alleged and possible continuation of the writing of the history of the regiment.
            1. kipage
              kipage 14 March 2018 12: 35
              +17
              It is about a specific MAN.

              It's about an EPISODE in the fate of a MAN
              As for this
              Born in a merchant family in 1871, the city of Helsingfors, Nyuland Province, Nikolai Andreevich, having graduated from gymnasium, entered 1888 as a volunteer in the 90 th Infantry Onega Regiment. And from then on, his life was connected with this regiment. N. A. Sytinsky graduated from the Vilna Infantry School, subsequently participated in the rank of head captain in the Russo-Japanese War.

              That rule of good manners depict a person’s life AT THE BEGINNING of the episode in question. Well, not ALL LIFE.
              Regiment - "ended" in 1903? While the regiment is alive, its history is NOT finalized. And it is quite logical to assume that if it is so detailed described even in peacetime, then during the war, it will receive even more close attention.

              The article is called a HISTORIAN, Capturing machine guns.
              About the rest - the rest.
              However, Ryazanets87 above partially satisfies the curiosity about the subsequent fate of the person involved in the article.
              1. Olgovich
                Olgovich 14 March 2018 13: 05
                +2
                Quote: squeeze
                It's about an EPISODE in the fate of a MAN. Well, not ALL LIFE.

                Well yes, a description of 43 years of 47 years is not all life ...
                Quote: squeeze
                The article is called a HISTORIAN, Capturing machine guns.
                About the rest - the rest.

                That's it-"Historianwho captured machine guns "and not" History "about captured machine guns.
                About the historian, there is a certain, in my opinion, silence.
                Which, of course, is not so important, but interesting hi
                1. kipage
                  kipage 14 March 2018 15: 09
                  +17
                  Clear
                  Well, in my opinion there is no understatement
                  Historian? Yes, the colonel wrote.
                  Captured machine guns? About this and the article.
                  Well, the fact that there is no postscript - it does not always happen.
                  Sometimes by the way, 4 years are richer than 43. However, we don’t know for sure that he lived exactly 47 years.
                  But this, in general, is not so important. But it leaves room for HISTORIANs, albeit not exciting machine guns laughing
                  hi
    2. Monarchist
      Monarchist 14 March 2018 10: 01
      +2
      True to the remark: the feeling that the author did not agree on something
      1. kipage
        kipage 14 March 2018 10: 04
        +18
        The content of the article is relevant to the topic. Regarding the taking of machine guns, everything seemed to be arranged.
        It is obvious
        Well, the further fate of Sytinsky and the fate of the History of the regiment - this is already a different topic, is not it?
        1. XII Legion
          XII Legion 14 March 2018 10: 06
          +17
          This is a common mistake kipizh, do not pay attention to the statement of the problem
          In science, they smack for it
          Well, here - you can talk about the fate of the world revolution)))
  3. andrewkor
    andrewkor 14 March 2018 07: 40
    +2
    At the level of ordinary soldiers, Cossacks, officers of heroism there was a lot that can not be said about the overwhelming general. From here and the humiliating defeats in the wars of the 20th century, especially in the Russo-Japanese War!
    1. kipage
      kipage 14 March 2018 07: 58
      +21
      Zdraste
      As someone once wrote, it’s not up to the generals to attack.
      But the generals also showed patterns of achievement.
      Check out:
      General's attack
      https://topwar.ru/99713-generalskaya-ataka.html
      1. Bouncer
        Bouncer 14 March 2018 08: 17
        +23
        Yes, and the Russian-Japanese generals showed themselves
        The same Kondratenko, White or Keller can be remembered
        People simply don’t get rid of the clichés of past propaganda
        1. kipage
          kipage 14 March 2018 08: 57
          +22
          I noticed - the opposition of the 1st and 2nd world wars was elevated to a cult. As if the humiliation of Russia in the 1st war makes the victory of the USSR in the 2nd more brilliant.
          By no means.
          The parallel is different. They would have made it possible to qualitatively bring to mind the 1st war — there would have been no 2nd most likely. Germany, already divided at that time, a united front of the allies (that is, Hitler would not even have diplomatic freedom of maneuver), the lack of contacts and mutual assistance of the Red Army and the Reichswehr in 1920-30. etc. etc.
          Was there really no humiliating defeat of the Red Army in the Second World War? There were those who did not even dream of in the WWI of the Russian army.
          Really there were no surrendered generals of the Red Army? Yes, even more than in the WWI.
          The difference is that in WWII we brought the war to an end, and in the WWI the coup prevented it. It is interesting, but if such a coup took place in the Second World War - when the Germans were on the territory of the USSR, would they conclude the Brest Peace?))
          But without even allowing Russia to make it to victory in WWII, the Germans were able to see the Russian flag on the Rhine. The Legion of Honor from the remnants of special brigades occupied the region of Germany after the victory of the Allies. What the Germans were extremely unhappy with)))
          1. Bouncer
            Bouncer 14 March 2018 09: 27
            +21
            This contrast lives in the minds of individuals and on individuals (fairly small resources).
            On the 100th anniversary of the beginning of the WWI, our state, through the mouth of the President, evaluated this war. Competent and balanced assessment. Moreover, in the USSR, experts (even before and during the Second World War) were positive about the quality of Russia's participation in WWII.
            But about the heroes - you can ask the author to pay special attention to the personalities. Especially generals hi
          2. Olgovich
            Olgovich 14 March 2018 09: 31
            +7
            Quote: squeeze
            Would give qualitatively to mind the 1st war - there would be a 2nd likely. Germany, already divided at that time, a united front of the allies (that is, Hitler would not even have diplomatic freedom of maneuver), the lack of contacts and mutual assistance of the Red Army and the Reichswehr in 1920-30. etc. etc.

            Absolutely true: the Bolsheviks turned Russia from a victorious country into a rejected and disenfranchised rogue country by means of Breaking Treason. What deprived her of the right to participate in the peacekeeping system in Europe and the ability to keep the German monster in check together with France. France itself, of course, could not cope ....
            Moreover, the Rappal Treaty Bolsheviks the first became the most dangerous eternal enemy of Russia ... to restore. fool
            As before, they helped another Turkey’s worst enemy, money and weapons, after which the Turks defeated the Greeks, staged the genocide of the Christians of Asia Minor and their outcome ....
            1. Monarchist
              Monarchist 14 March 2018 10: 24
              +3
              "France itself, of course, failed", and she tried to cope? I think in Munich they did everything to please Chamberlain, and most importantly, to please the Fuhrer.
              1. Olgovich
                Olgovich 14 March 2018 12: 03
                +3
                Quote: Monarchist
                France itself, of course, could not cope, "but she tried to cope?

                Of course, see her relationship with Germany between WWI and WWII and the issues she raises in the League of Nations.
                And all her actions were infused deadly fear in front of Germany.
          3. Monarchist
            Monarchist 14 March 2018 10: 19
            +4
            Kamrad Kipierz, you correctly noticed that we considered the ts “the rule of good form” or to hush up or force the importance of the WWII. A feat always remains a feat: in the Russian-Japanese, WWII, WWII, or now in Syria
            1. kipage
              kipage 14 March 2018 12: 47
              +17
              I would like to point out something else.
              And defensive wars include offensive plans. Form and content are two different things. After all, the best defense is offensive.
              This is me about comparing WWII and WWI.
              Germany attacked the USSR without declaring war (the document was late for a day, delivered June 23, 1941). Aggressor.
              Germany declared war on RI on August 1, 1914. Aggressor.
              The Bet Directive of June 23, 1941 provided for the transfer of the database to the territory of the enemy, if I am not mistaken. And the troops of the Red Army in June 1941 in some places visited the territory of Poland and Romania. Correct if I am mistaken.
              In August 1914, we enter East Prussia and Austrian Galicia. The Austrians are included in Russian Galicia and Poland, the Germans in Poland.
              1. Bouncer
                Bouncer 14 March 2018 20: 45
                +17
                Yes, the situations are similar.
                This is the question of World War II.
        2. andrewkor
          andrewkor 14 March 2018 19: 26
          +1
          I want to stand up for myself, my beloved. I am not a great analyst, just a reader. I open TSB Vol. 19, World War I, color tabs of companies by years.
          In 1914, fierce oncoming battles. Russia attacked in Galicia and in East Prussia, retreated to Poland.
          In 1915 Germany, together with A-V., advanced and gained a foothold along the lines of Riga, Dvinsk, Smorgon, Pinsk, Dubno.
          Before the obscene Brest peace, another three years to fight, and the generals all already profaned, despite the heroism of such as Sytin and many others.
          In 1916, Lutsk breakthrough against AB. strategic goals are not achieved. Saving Romania at the expense of other destinations.
          V1917. Classical positional war from Riga to Sulina.
          Opponents' operations with limited goals.
          The court camarilla with the "heroic" generals betrayed the Tsar and the Fatherland.
          B1918 the Bolsheviks, Socialist-Revolutionaries, the Mensheviks who took power, with the masses who joined them, raking after the generals what they had done.
          Well, where are the propaganda cliches? Am I humiliating ordinary heroes?
          1. kipage
            kipage 14 March 2018 20: 16
            +18
            I am also a simple reader
            Nobody profiled, Russian troops in Galicia, Romania, Turkey and Persia.
            Well, so as not to be limited to TSB, and we will read articles on WWII, which was built on the exploits of not only Sytins, but also Denikins, Kellers, Essenov, etc. etc.
            1. andrewkor
              andrewkor 15 March 2018 03: 53
              0
              There’s nothing to add about the Caucasus Front, a little Ottomans weren’t overlooked, it’s a fact, but in the West it’s full Tryndets. You look at the map. Once again I repeat: despite the heroism of the Russian soldier-general. Yes, and for what they fought, they perished, a separate big topic !
              1. kipage
                kipage 15 March 2018 05: 48
                +15
                In global wars, they come up a little from a different perspective than at the level of success or failure of individual armies or corps.
                And the contours of operations are well laid out in a series of articles on military theater about TVD (by the way, the series was published in one of the oldest publications in Russia - the Historical Herald).
                By 1917, the Entente confidently entered the last military campaign. And despite the individual disasters and setbacks of the allies (Samsonov, Townsgend, etc.), she went to victory. Enemies also had disasters.
                By the way, how the Summer Offensive of 1917 originally developed (with all the decomposition of the Russian army) already speaks volumes.
                It was necessary for the tsar to clean up the highest command staff (front - fleet level) and bring the war to the end - otherwise the victims were in many ways in vain.
                1. Streletskos
                  Streletskos 15 March 2018 08: 49
                  +15
                  Oh disaster.
                  With Samsonov, it’s like a propaganda cliché, a trick to discredit the “rotten tsarist regime” (which in fact was no more rotten than the others).
                  Why, for example, do not call the Sheffer catastrophe.
                  Samsonov was surrounded by 2,5 buildings. But Schaeffer-Boyadel was surrounded by Lodz with 2,5 buildings.
                  Samsonov had 50 thousand people left in the boiler, but Schaeffer-Boyadel left 42 thousand people in the Lodz boiler.
                  But if 20 thousand broke out of the Samson boiler, then the Germans from Lodz - only 8 thousand.
                  For well-known reasons, they have inflated one thing and obscure the other for the same reasons.
            2. andrewkor
              andrewkor 15 March 2018 04: 12
              0
              I can assure you that I don’t limit myself to making conclusions myself, but the course of events is shown very clearly on the maps, there is also the Military Encyclopedia, more detailed. Of course, the exploits of individual military personnel are not reflected there, but entire armies and fronts, for example, the tragedy of Samsonov’s army .
              "On the Eve of the Holocaust" - the story of the Orenburg Cossack Army: Central Asia, Manchuria, WWI.
              "In the Japanese War" -Veresaeva.
              Of course, “Port Arthur”, “Tsushima” - generally loved since childhood.
              Everywhere there is a place for a feat, the memories of “Denikins, Kellers, Essenov, etc. etc.” will add touches, colors, but they will not change the overall final picture, just say it’s cool.
              1. kipage
                kipage 15 March 2018 05: 36
                +15
                Samsonov’s army is just the details
                the overall picture was not bad
                But ...
                Politics defeated the army
                1. Streletskos
                  Streletskos 15 March 2018 06: 02
                  +15
                  the overall picture was not bad

                  Of course
                  We were moved to Western Belarus and the Baltic states
                  But, on the other hand, we were in the Carpathians, Romania and Turkey.
                  And not everything is determined only by the contours of the map. What's the point that the Germans stood in the territories of their opponents (in Belgium, France and Russia) - they lost the war, and they saw the invaders in the Ruhr and the Rhine.
                  1. andrewkor
                    andrewkor 15 March 2018 06: 24
                    0
                    From the defeat of the Central Powers, Russia gained nothing, unfortunately. It happened, what happened. The exploits and sacrifices were in vain. But the heroes remained. George, and even a full bow, received for specific deeds!
                    I will express an seditious thought, but in my opinion, objectively, Russia in the WWII also suffered a defeat, although on the side of the Entente.
                    1. kipage
                      kipage 15 March 2018 08: 33
                      +15
                      The fact that it was that Russia's withdrawal from the war subsequently led to a situation that led to WWII.
                      Russia in the WWII was not defeated - neither legally nor in fact. After all, it was removed from the war by politics, and the Allies annulled the Brest Peace Treaty.
                      Well, if you draw long parallels, then it can be said that we, too, were defeated in the Second World War - in the end, all the gains were lost, we left Eastern Europe, the borders and results of WWII were reviewed, and, most importantly, this led to the Cold War. war - a defeat in which led to the defeat of our state, a change in the socio-political formation and the establishment of the semi-colonial regime that rules Russia now. Things got to the squabble between the former Soviet republics - and victories in skirmishes between the once fraternal peoples are now presented as a great achievement.
                      1. andrewkor
                        andrewkor 15 March 2018 18: 45
                        0
                        All the same, it was not the Second World War that was lost, but the Cold one you mentioned, and this happened before our eyes because of the same betrayal of the ruling camarilla as in the WWII.
  4. parusnik
    parusnik 14 March 2018 07: 53
    +5
    N. A. Sytinsky, since 1918 in the Volunteer Army. In 1918, the assistant commander of the 8 company of the 1 officers' (Markov) regiment. The further fate is unknown.
    1. captain
      captain 14 March 2018 09: 16
      +5
      Quote: parusnik
      N. A. Sytinsky, since 1918 in the Volunteer Army. In 1918, the assistant commander of the 8 company of the 1 officers' (Markov) regiment. The further fate is unknown.

      And the casket just opened; Sytinsky was on the side of the whites, therefore his further fate was not described.
      1. parusnik
        parusnik 14 March 2018 09: 59
        +5
        So the future fate of many is unknown, even those who did not serve in the White Army and including those officers who served in the Red ... So there’s no casket and there’s nothing to open ...
  5. kipage
    kipage 14 March 2018 07: 55
    +19
    Sytinsky - Klochkov PMV
    The deputy politician and commander - all rolled into one.
    Thanks for the revealing story!
    1. Bouncer
      Bouncer 14 March 2018 08: 18
      +17
      The deputy politician and commander - all rolled into one.

      Exactly
      And a brisk man
      Nothing like a "15 year old captain."
      1. XII Legion
        XII Legion 14 March 2018 10: 00
        +17
        43 years by the time of the battle
        That's for sure, lively.
        And what is the speech before the soldiers)
        Colorful officer, salt of the command staff of our army
  6. Lieutenant Teterin
    Lieutenant Teterin 14 March 2018 08: 28
    +8
    Great article! Nikolai Andreevich Sytinsky — a remarkable example of a Russian officer in the era of Imperial Russia — is an excellent and comprehensively educated, responsible, and tremendously brave man. And there were thousands and tens of thousands of people like him in the Russian imperial army — those who honestly fought for their Fatherland and did not hide in battle for the backs of their lower ranks. On such as captain Sytinsky modern officers should be equal.
    Alexey Vladimirovich, I sincerely thank you for restoring the memory of another Russian Hero! hi
  7. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 14 March 2018 15: 37
    +2
    "Ermolaev ran to the machine gun, overturning the" infernal machine "with his shoulder and with the butt of a rifle" ////

    I believe with pleasure. The machine gunner stalls from his own fire, turns into a "deaf teter",
    He looks only through the scope and sees nothing around (and is not afraid of anything, for this reason).
    You can go up to the side and finish off - he will not know who.
    Once in an helmet, an officer threw a large stone behind me when there was a “cease fire” command,
    I absolutely did not hear a short one.