We are concerned about the protection of our borders from several NATO battalions in the Baltic States. We deal with geopolitics in Asia. We close the sky from the missile systems of the likely enemy over the industrial centers of the European part. And at the same time we constantly say that no one will fight. I agree. Will not be. Why, if half of Russia just disappear. Not territory, people.
And the region in 400-500 km from the capital is considered to be a deaf province. A province where it is absolutely impossible to live from the point of view of the same talk show participants. At the same time, many, especially from "immigrants from the USSR", talk with nostalgia about their childhood in some Siberian or Far Eastern village, about beautiful sunrises and sunsets, about beautiful people.
The leaders of the country periodically express "concerns" about the economic, military and other conditions of the regions. Fly to some cities. Meet with young people and "economic assets". Offer programs for the development of territories.
Fly airplanes ... Do you know why? Try to take the high-speed train and cross the Ural mountains. Will not work! Russia ends in Kazan. Further ... Soviet Union. The quieter you go, the further you'll get! And the plane is a pleasure for many residents of the Ural Russia, the business is expensive. Many airfields have long disappeared. Not needed.
So what happens? Why are the most important regions for the country today in the pen? Why are even million-plus cities, like Omsk, thrown at the mercy? Why are huge territories abandoned? Life in that Russia exists only along the Trans-Siberian Railway. Where there are industrial cities and enterprises.
In any place, you can safely roll back to 100-200 km from the “piece of iron” and you will get into the remote, unexplored terrain of the times of Ermak. Well, maybe the time of Peter Stolypin. With a well-preserved way of life, with traditions, with customs. A sort of ethno reserve. Old Believers, Cossacks, idolaters ... Shamans and herbalists ... Well, at least forgotten how to weave bast shoes.
Many times in the press and at a high state level it was said about the urgent need to solve the problem of the settlement of the eastern territories. It was said by industrialists. It was said by the military. It was said by all who have ever visited the Urals.
The first to understand the futility of conversations and all these innovations are business people. Then they are business. They do business, but they do not scratch their tongue with boredom. And do not defend a thesis.
If the mountain does not go to Magomed? .. It is quite logical to bring this very "Magomed" to the mountain. That’s all. From the point of view of the state, it would be great to bring and leave to live there. And from a business point of view?
A businessman will build new houses in cities? Build infrastructure? Ensure the implementation of numerous, scientifically based government initiatives? Yeah. He quit everything and began to spend money on "nonsense." It is cheaper to hire workers in the inhabited areas of the country and transport them to the workplace on a rotational basis. See cities in oil producing areas. There are almost no locals left!
Very many media outlets spoke with delight about the great initiative of the President with the Far Eastern hectare. Here it is, here is a revolutionary solution! An idea that simply gives rise to a mass exodus of the population to Siberia, and especially to the Far East. Free hectare! A whole hectare of land!
And then there was a "constipation". Somehow, the stream of praise to the presidential initiative stopped. How cut off. What is the matter? What did not work out or, on the contrary, did so many people respond to the initiative that local officials simply cannot cope with the flow of immigrants?
To understand what is happening, we had to talk with many people from the Far East. In place, it is much clearer that what our clever people from “European” Russia are silent about.
Many ordinary people believe that the “Far Eastern hectare” is a creative continuation of the idea of Peter Stolypin about settling the eastern territories of the empire. Then, at the beginning of the last century, the peasants also received land, enjoyed the benefits and loans of the state, settled on previously uncultivated lands.
But there is one, but very significant "mote", which scholars from government and near government smart institutions do not want to notice. It is inconvenient to sit on a bitch, but do not want to notice. Then the whole beauty of the idea will be crushed.
So, ask about the need for resettlement at the beginning of the past and this century. Why did Stolypin have to solve this problem? And in what conditions? And the answer is on the surface. The agrarian regions of the center of Russia in the last century were overpopulated! Simply put, the peasants really did not have enough land! There are people, but there is no place to work.
Today? In the same European part of Russia, how much land is abandoned? How many workers are needed for peasant labor? And this is with modern methods of tillage, with a bunch of cars to help, with the proximity of industrialized cities, with a quite tolerable road network. There are not enough peasants now!
But it is rather a state approach to the problem. But there is simply human. The approach of those who in the last century were called fists. Strong owners who absolutely do not care about the opinion of scientists. They are masters and want to manage. And most importantly, these people have learned to count their own money!
“Free hectare you say? And for whom is it free? For a city dude who will raise ostriches on this hectare of boredom and excess money? Or for a forester who wants to grow seedlings for sale? I don’t need it. I’m a local. those who sit on the ground in Russia, and even more so.
Have you seen our land? I'm not talking about the taiga. I mean the land that was thrown into 90 and later. Just imagine, you took this free hectare of the former collective farm land. Are the firs already sprouted? Sprouted! Any taiga vegetation too. Need to clean up? Need to! How long will you do this? The year is lost.
Another year that you plant? Oats for horses! She watered the earth with acid. Not really grow anything. Another year.
The third year, what are you going to do? Vegetables to grow. Or rather just potatoes. Now calculate how much all this will cost ... ".
I certainly did not count. Just turned to open sources of information. It turned out absolutely incredible figure. It will cost 300-400 thousand rubles to restore a hectare of land to use it for agricultural purposes. Wow free hectare is obtained. And you will not scout cows per hectare ...
And this is despite the fact that everyone can use the land, with the exception of animal husbandry, only three or four months a year. And not for six months, as in central Russia. Yes, and all sorts of cataclysms, such as river flooding, and the like are not uncommon here. And where is the attractiveness of Zauralye? A widely advertised bunch!
So, both components of the economic solution to the problem of population decline from the eastern regions of the country turned out to be a bluff. The state, seeking to use private business to solve the problem of depressed regions, for some reason "forgot" the essence of private business. "Nothing personal, just business." Just make money. Everything.
It may not be correct, but I will compare two regions that are not leaders of economic and other development in the country. One, the Voronezh region, is located in the European part of Russia. And the other, the Amur region, it is clear that this is not the Moscow region.
So, to eliminate all sorts of "reports" of local officials on victories, let's compare the kill rate. What is not an indicator of depression? So, the Voronezh region-4,3 on 100 000 people! Amur region-25 on 100 000! Impressive? And what do you think, a talented young man or a talented girl, in any field of activity, will remain in the Amur region? And the residents of the Voronezh province jerk rush to the Far East and Siberia?
In order not to tell us about the desire of the country's leadership to improve the lives of Siberians and Far Easterners, life shows that this desire is not yet visible in business. In the words, yes. In business, no! Siberia and the Far East today the territory of catastrophic depopulation!
It is catastrophic. Most of the settlements, from large cities to very small zaimok, decreased in population! And the decrease is really akin to war. Up to a third of the population over the past 35-40 years!
For comparison, look at the statistics of migration in the regions of the world where real hostilities are taking place. Look at the same Syria. And what about war behind the Urals?
The development of industrial centers of Siberia and the Far East is good. The development of science is also good. Everything that develops is alive! But cities and villages are empty. Earth returns to a wild state. Again, crime, drug addiction, and alcoholism are growing. The Urals turns into a "house of veterans". The youth is running. Remain old.
The geopolitical position of our country is such that there is practically no region to which, on occasion, the neighbors will not entangle. These regions are too rich and too weak to defend themselves. This requires people. Those who in the first days will defend their own homes.
Otherwise, we will not even need to fight. For the second time, Siberia and the Far East will be “conquered by the Cossacks Yermak”. Just come to the desert land and all. There is no land! Without creating favorable, even comfortable, living conditions for Siberians and Far Easterners, we risk spending much more money in the future to defend deserted territories.
There is a problem. Are the words of the great Lomonosov forgotten? "Russian power will grow through Siberia and the Northern Ocean!" May we no longer need power? Can it be easier to get bored to the size of the European part? Only now before the ancestors it will be a shame ... They did a great power from Russia, and we?