Ban Muliarczyk stressed that this figure was not taken from the ceiling, that all claims would be supported by the specific data of the evaluation report that the commission would submit in the current year. And which is being prepared on the basis of a similar report compiled since the Second World War.
The politician added that we are talking about "huge but reasonable amounts" that will compensate for the damage from the destruction of Polish cities and villages, the economic and industrial infrastructure, as well as "the lost demographic potential."
At the same time, Mularchik made it clear that Germany has a list of those whom Warsaw intends to "shake" on the subject of "historical debts ". Russia is also next in line. However, the head of the parliamentary commission believes that it is "more realistic" to receive compensation from Germany than from Russia, where, as the Polish politician pointed out, Russia "does not respect international law." That is, it is important for the Poles to create a precedent with the "law-abiding" FRG, which they intend to use against other countries in the future. Apart from Germany and Russia, Ukraine, Lithuania and Belarus may appear on the list of potential "debtors" of Poland. Warsaw may present territorial claims to them.
The idea of receiving new reparations from Germany (Poland received them from Berlin to 1953, when it decided to refuse to receive further payments) was voiced by the Polish Prime Minister Beata Szydlo last September. On the basis of what the mentioned commission was created.
Berlin completely rejects Polish claims. This is also because the claims were no longer in force at the time of the conclusion of the Final Settlement Agreement for Germany (1990 + 2) in 4, “because Poland did not make reparation claims by tacit refusal during the preparation of this agreement ". It was then agreed that this contract "to this day blocks any claims for reparations." In addition, according to the German side, the statute of limitations has expired for Polish claims, according to Berlin.
However, this is not the whole argument, which can be set in motion by Germany. After all, if Poland really intends to insist on the restoration of historical truth and justice, it can easily open a Pandora's box, which can threaten it with tremendous troubles.
The fact is that contrary to the assurances of Polish propagandists from history, their country in reality cannot be imagined as an “innocent victim torn by two predators”. The guilt of the then Polish leadership at the beginning of World War II, in fact, is very great, and the crimes committed by the Polish authorities and militants against national minorities, if they differ from the crimes of the Nazis, are only sophistication, even more cruelty, and a clearer purpose.
Let's start with the beginning of the war. Drang nah Osten was planned by Hitler long before 41, he did not hide his intentions to attack the USSR even before he came to power. It is safe to assume that the world oligarchy and contributed to the coming to power of the National Socialists, because she saw them as a cudgel against our country.
The attack on Poland was not part of Hitler’s plans. “... When we talk about the conquest of new lands in Europe, we, of course, can mean first of all only Russia and those marginal states that are subordinate to it,” wrote the Führer, who considered the countries that emerged in Eastern Europe, “ limitrofy ", as potential allies in the war with" Bolshevik Russia ".
And Warsaw fully justified the hopes of the Nazis. In 1934, the German and Polish fascists signed a non-aggression pact, a secret protocol to which obliged Poland to pursue a permanent policy of effective cooperation with Germany.
The Polish government took the obligation to ensure the free passage of German troops on its territory in the event that these troops are designed to repel "provocation from the east or northeast." That is, the Poles were supposed to help the Nazis carry out aggression against the USSR and Lithuania.
The price for complicity in the German aggression was to be "the establishment of a new eastern border of Poland" at the expense of some of the Belarusian, Ukrainian and Lithuanian lands, which Berlin promised to guarantee "by all means."
But this idyll was broken by the fact that Hitler's appetites were not exhausted by the striving to the east.
No less urgent, and, most importantly, a higher priority, the task for him was to recreate the empire of Charlemagne, which was supposed to unite most of the countries of Western and Central Europe. That, in addition to the Fuhrer’s romance and mystical aspirations, it was quite logical - to unite the technical and military potential of Europe before the start of a fight with the USSR
What Berlin began to do by annexing Austria and the Czech Republic. However, the scenario of the unification of the continent under the hand of the Fuhrer did not suit London and Paris. They needed not to strengthen Germany, but to incite it against the USSR.
To get Hitler to move to the East, and not to the West, the Anglo-Saxons tried to turn Poland into a red rag for the German bull, being sure that an attack on this country would inevitably end in a war with the USSR.
All the efforts of London and Paris, and their agents of influence in Warsaw, were aimed at pushing the Poles into a tough confrontation with the Third Reich. In which they contributed a lot to Polish arrogance, chauvinism and the same Nazi ideology that dominated the Polish state.
Emerged after the First World War, Poland received in its structure the German territories inhabited by ethnic Germans. Under the Polish government, they had a hard time living - German schools and Protestant churches were closed, the burghers' shops and workshops were “squeezed out”, German language was forced out of public space.
But what followed at the end of 1930's clearly falls under the definition of “genocide”. In the spring of 1939, a wave of pogroms swept through Silesia and West Prussia, Protestant churches were destroyed, German schools and public buildings, many houses of Germans were burned, many people (according to some data, up to eight thousand) were killed.
By the middle of 1939 from Posen-West Prussia and Upper Silesia, 1,4 of millions of Polish Germans fled to Germany.
Berlin could not ignore the genocide of tribesmen and endless provocations in the Danzig corridor. Poland ignored numerous notes and proposals from Germany. The Nazi government even considered the possibility of “symmetrical measures” in relation to the German Poles, who, however, were considered meaningless. In the end, the leadership of the Reich recognized that attempts to exert diplomatic pressure on Warsaw were ineffective, and the only alternative to the destruction or deportation of the German minority and the blockade of Danzig and East Prussia was war. Moreover, since July 1939, the Poles began border provocations, shelling German settlements. Victims appeared among the citizens of Germany.
From the immediate response of Hitler kept the negotiations of the USSR, Britain and France to create an anti-Nazi bloc. After their breakdown, the Anglo-French delegation concluded the "Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact", which unleashed Hitler's hands in actions against Poland and gave Moscow the necessary postponement of the inevitable war.
In addition to the border incidents already mentioned, the Poles in August 1939 of the year shot down two Lufthansa civil aircraft flying to Danzig. And on August 30 in Krakow, German Consul August Schillinger was shot dead. On August 27 the mobilization of the Polish army was completed; 25 infantry divisions advanced to the border with Germany; plus 20 were on the nearest approaches.
All this, of course, in no way justifies the Nazis, who were preparing both aggression against our country and the seizure of the countries of Western Europe. But the provocations of Warsaw made significant adjustments to Hitler’s plans, although not the ones that were counted on in London and Paris.
But the crimes of the authorities of pre-war Poland against their citizens of German nationality fade in comparison with what happened in this country since 1944.
As is well known, Poland, which made so much effort to unleash a world war, was among the winning countries, and received by Stalin's grace new German territories - in East Prussia, Silesia, Pomerania and East Brandenburg.
The new Polish leadership has embarked on an all-out ethnic cleansing of newly acquired lands, whose population was to be deported and / or destroyed.
This was not an “exaggeration on the ground” - the genocide of the indigenous civilians of the new “Polish” territories was planned by the authorities of the country. The first working version of the deportation of the Germans was submitted by the government of Beruta already in November 1944.
By the end of the war, over 4 million Germans lived on the territory of this country. They were mainly concentrated in the German territories transferred to Poland in 1945: in Silesia (1,6 million people), Pomerania (1,8 million) and in Eastern Brandenburg (600 thousand), as well as in the historical areas of German compact residence in Poland ( about 400 thousand people).
2 May 1945, the Prime Minister of the Provisional Government of Poland, Boleslav Beruta signed a decree according to which all the “abandoned” property of ethnic Germans automatically passed into the hands of the Polish state.
In the attitude of those who did not abandon the property, measures taken from the practice of the Third Reich were taken. The Polish authorities demanded that the Germans who remained on the ground of their fathers should wear distinctive marks on their clothes, most often a white bandage on their sleeves, sometimes with a swastika. But that was not all.
Today, the Polish authorities have criminalized the use of the phrase "Polish concentration camps", claiming that they contain a hint of complicity of the Poles in the crimes of the Nazis.
However, the Poles committed no less crimes without the participation of the Nazis. From the summer of 1945, Polish police began to drive the Germans who did not manage to escape the Germans to concentration camps. And only adults - children were sent to shelters, or to Polish families, where they were to be turned into Poles.
Adults were involved in hard labor. Only during the winter of 1945 \ 46, 50 percent of prisoners died - from hunger, disease, beatings and bullying of guards. That is precisely the Polish concentration camps with good reason can be called death camps.
Despite the fact that according to the decision of the Nürnberg Tribunal, deportation was recognized as a crime against humanity and a form of genocide, a decree was signed on 13 September 1946, declaring the “separation of Germans from the Polish people”, which expels the surviving Germans outside the country. However, Warsaw was not in a hurry to carry out this decision - since the ruthless exploitation of German prisoners brought considerable benefits. At the same time, no steps were taken to alleviate their situation, or at least to reduce the death rate of prisoners. In the camps continued violence against German prisoners.
Thus, in the Potulice camp between half a year and a half of prisoners who survived the terrible winter 1947-1949 of the year, died between 1945 and 46.
Exploitation of the interned German population was actively carried out until the autumn of 1946, when the Polish government decided to begin the deportation of survivors.
According to the Union of expelled Germans, the German population lost about 3 million during the expulsion from Poland.
You can certainly say that the Poles, to some extent, justify the atrocities and brutality of the Nazi occupation. But, as we see, the genocide of the Germans was the state policy of Poland, free from any emotions.
We also add that the Nazis, capturing Poland, did not set themselves the task of destroying the Polish population. There was not even a deportation of those lands that the Germans considered their own - from Silesia, or Pomerania. That is, the crimes of the Polish authorities are superior in their inhumanity and cruelty to those committed by the Nazis.
But, as we see, no desire to rethink the dark pages of its own history in Poland does not show up. On the contrary, a law has been passed by which everyone who tries to do this will be thrown behind bars.
For seventy years, not only Moscow, but also Berlin, tried not to wake up this topic, so as not to stir up the past and not to incite the old wounds. Offering, forgetting old grievances, building a common future.
However, as we see, this approach gave rise to a sense of impunity in Warsaw, and aroused the beyond arrogance and greed. Same as in 1939 year.