The story of the new weapons for the aerospace forces, Putin began with a reminder of current trends in aerospace technology. Now leading countries with great scientific potential and modern technologies are developing the so-called hypersonic weapons. Then the president gave a short “lecture” on physics and aerodynamics. He pointed out that the speed of sound is traditionally measured in mahs - the unit is named for in part of the Austrian physicist Ernst Mach. At an altitude of 11 km 1 max equals 1062 km / h. The speed from M = 1 to M = 5 is considered supersonic, more than M = 5 - hypersonic.
Weapons with hypersonic flight speeds give the armed forces the most serious advantages over the enemy. Such weapons can be characterized by high power, and high speed protects them from being intercepted by air defense or missile defense. Interceptors simply cannot catch the attacking item. According to the president, it is clear why the leading countries of the world are striving to take possession of such weapons. But Russia already has such funds.
Vladimir Putin called the development of a high-precision aviation missile system, which, it is said, has no analogues in foreign countries, as the most important stage in the creation of modern weapons. Tests of this system have already been completed. Moreover, since December 1, the new complex has been used as an experimental combat duty on the airfields of the Southern Military District.
According to V. Putin, a rocket using a high-speed carrier aircraft should go to the launch site in a matter of minutes. After resetting, the rocket develops a speed ten times higher than the speed of sound. Throughout the trajectory, despite the high speed, the product is able to perform maneuvers. The ability to change the flight path allows you to protect the missile from enemy defenses. According to the president, the new rocket is guaranteed to overcome modern and, possibly, promising air defense and missile defense systems. Hypersonic missile capable of flying at a distance of up to 2 thousand. Km and deliver to the target conventional or nuclear warhead.
Unlike some other promising developments presented last week, the aviation missile system has already received its own name. It was designated as "Dagger". Other names and designations, such as the index of the RAU, the working code of the project, etc. the president did not give.
As in the case of other advanced weapons, the president’s words were followed by a demo video showing the most interesting shots from tests of a promising missile system. Video filming in the clearest way confirms the statements of V. Putin on testing. Some of the stages of one of the test launches, filmed by military operators, were allowed to be used in the video to show the general public.
The video begins with the take-off shots of the MiG-31BM interceptor. Already during the run-up, it is clear that, under the bottom of its fuselage, not the usual and standard ammunition, but some new weapon is suspended. The interceptor lifts into the air a large and massive rocket of a new type. Part of the further flight with the launch point, however, was shown using simplified computer graphics. But then again there was a video of real tests with a real launch of the rocket.
Being on a given course and maintaining a certain height and speed, the carrier aircraft dropped the Dagger rocket. In free flight, it "failed" in height, after which it dropped the tail fairing and launched the cruise engine. The flight of the rocket again did not show in the form of documentary frames and depicted schematically. In the next episode, the computer model of the aircraft dropped an animated rocket, while it went along a ballistic trajectory to the ship of the conventional enemy. It should be noted that the painted target ship had a recognizable appearance and looked like a real sample.
The last stages of the rocket flight, reaching the target area, and then guiding it, were shown using graphics. And the “camera” this time was right on board the rocket. The product went to the enemy ship, went into a dive, and then the video signal, as expected, disappeared. However, the video showed the defeat of the target, although it was different. The ammunition fell on the ground fortification and blew it up. The carrier aircraft MiG-31BM, in turn, returned to the airfield and completed landing.
Shortly after the president’s speech ended, new information about the Dagger project appeared. So, the Russian press brought the second designation of the new rocket - X-47М2. The commander of the aerospace forces, Colonel-General Sergei Surovikin pointed out that the new rocket belongs to the class of hypersonic aeroballistic weapons. According to him, state tests of the new complex have already been carried out at the sites of the Ministry of Defense. During the checks, he fully confirmed its effectiveness. All missile launches ended with an exact defeat of the intended targets.
The commander-in-chief of the VKS also revealed some details of the combat work of the Dagger product. So, on the final ballistic part of the flight, the rocket uses an all-weather homing head. This provides the possibility of using a rocket at any time of the day to obtain the required accuracy and selectivity of hitting the target. The maximum speed of a rocket in flight is 10 times the speed of sound. Firing range, as confirmed by the commander in chief, reaches 2 thousand. Km.
Thus, in the interests of the Aerospace Forces, a newer air ballistic missile was developed, suitable for the destruction of various ground or surface objects. Product X-47М2 "Dagger" can carry both conventional and special warhead, which expands the range of tasks. As the carrier now used interceptors MiG-31 latest modification of the "BM".
One of the most interesting features of the project "Dagger" is the choice of aircraft carrier. The air-to-surface missile was decided to be used with a fighter, the main weapon of which is air-to-air products. The reasons for this are obvious. The maximum speed of the MiG-31BM at the height reaches 3400 km / h, which allows it to reach the starting point in the shortest time. In addition, the high speed of the carrier when a missile is dropped provides several advantages. At the moment of dumping, the rocket already has a high initial velocity, and therefore the energy of its engine leaves only for subsequent acceleration with access to a quasi-ballistic trajectory.
Thus, the potential of the rocket, provided by hypersonic flight speed, is not reduced due to insufficient carrier parameters. From the point of view of flight speed, preliminary acceleration of the rocket and speed of solving combat missions, the MiG-31BM is the most successful platform.
Product X-47М2 has very simple shapes and outlines. The rocket received a conical head fairing, which accounts for about half the length of the product. The second half of the body is formed by a cylindrical section, equipped with X-shaped planes in the tail section. The flat tail section of the hull is equipped with a drop-down fairing in the shape of a truncated cone during flight. Exact information about the design of the product has not yet been given, but we can already say that it is equipped with a solid propellant sustainer engine. The type of homing head is unknown.
It should be noted that the new aircraft missile looks very similar to the ballistic ammunition of the operational-tactical complex Iskander. In the past, there were rumors at various levels about the possible creation of an aviation modification of this system, but they still have not received official confirmation. The characteristic exterior of the newest rocket "Dagger" can serve as a kind of confirmation of the rumors of the recent past. At the same time, the similarity can only be associated with similar technical requirements and tactical role.
It is alleged that the rocket "Dagger" belongs to the class of aeroballistic. This means that the product is dropped from the carrier aircraft, after which it turns on the engine and with its help enters an upward trajectory. Further, the flight is almost the same as in the case of other ballistic missiles. The difference X-47М2 from other systems is due to the use of the homing head. Instruments whose type has not yet been specified are used to detect the target and correct the course of the rocket at all stages of flight, including the descending portion of the ballistic trajectory. In the latter case, it provides the most accurate hit in the specified target.
The promising Dagger, like the already well-known Iskander, has characteristic features: the missiles of both complexes are able to maneuver along a trajectory. Because of this, the enemy’s anti-missile systems lose the possibility of miscalculation of the trajectory of the incoming missile and the correct interception. On the descending part of the trajectory, the rocket develops a maximum speed, up to M = 10, which sharply reduces the allowed reaction time. As a result, the Dagger system is indeed capable of displaying the highest combat performance and breaking through the existing air and missile defense system.
First, Vladimir Putin, and then Sergei Surovikin told about the recent work in the framework of the project with the cipher "Dagger". Not later than last fall, the industry and the Ministry of Defense conducted all the necessary tests of the latest rocket, and also completed its fine-tuning. December 1 has already issued an order to take a new rocket into pilot operation. Product X-47М2 is operated as part of a full-fledged complex, which also includes the MiG-31BM carrier aircraft. So far, only aviation units from the Southern Military District have a new weapon.
Apparently, in the foreseeable future, the armed forces will complete the trial operation of the newest weapons, and shortly thereafter the Dagger complex will receive a recommendation for adoption. The result of this will be the re-equipment of aviation units, accompanied by a significant increase in the strike potential of tactical aviation.
It should be recalled that at the moment Russian tactical aviation has only air-to-surface systems with a launch range of tens or hundreds of kilometers. Products capable of flying thousands of kilometers, are in service only in strategic aviation. The Dagger missile system with a launch range of up to 2000 km will actually occupy an intermediate position between purely tactical and exclusively strategic weapons. With it, it will be possible to strike as quickly as possible at enemy targets at operational and strategic depth.
Greater flexibility of application will be provided by the existence of special and non-nuclear combat units. Depending on the task and the type of object being attacked, it will be possible to choose one or another warhead. Thus, the fighting qualities of the X-47М2 rocket will fully correspond to its “intermediate” position. Tactical aviation, in turn, will bring its capabilities closer to the strategic one.
All promising models of strategic weapons presented by Vladimir Putin last Thursday were created in the interests of the nuclear forces and with the aim of ensuring the deterrence of a potential adversary. Aviation missile complex "Dagger" is fully consistent with such tasks, although it turns out to be more flexible and versatile in comparison with other systems. Depending on the situation in the theater of military operations, it can become a means of a powerful strike by the forces of tactical aviation or solve problems characteristic of strategic complexes.
The “Dagger” missile complex has already passed almost all stages of inspections, including government tests. According to the results of development work, he was put on experimental combat duty in parts of the Aerospace Forces. Thus, the armed forces have already received one of the newest models of strike weapons and are now mastering it. In the foreseeable future, upon completion of all required checks and trial operation, the new missile will be put into service and will go to the parts warehouses. The potential of the VKS will significantly increase, and with it the country's defense capability will also improve.