Military Review

Development of tank ammunition

10
Development of tank ammunition


In an effort to expand the range of weapons sold to one of its largest customers weapons, Israel introduced a 125-mm version of the 120-mm tank ammunition, specially designed for conducting "urban warfare". Called M710, this projectile is able to penetrate through a concrete wall and explode inside the building. The M710 can also be programmed to explode if it hits a wall, and not just after it penetrates. This creates a gap in the wall through which infantry can pass. The third programming option is an air explosion, in which a projectile explodes in the air at a certain distance from tank. This function is used to destroy infantry in trenches or behind other fortifications through which the projectile is unable to penetrate.



The Israeli 120-mm version of this projectile, 120-mm ARAM-MP-T (M329) was adopted for service three years ago. This projectile is designed to destroy infantry and light equipment or shelters. Thanks to a programmable fuse, the projectile can detonate in the air close to a moving target (for example, a helicopter). When shelling buildings or bunkers, M329 acts like a high-explosive shell. Israel exports a version of the M329 projectile, designed to be used by a standard NATO tank weapon called the M339.



These Israeli ammunition compete with similar ammunition from other countries. Often, Israeli troops order new American 120-mm projectiles, use them and decide to create better and cheaper versions for their own needs and for export.

Over the past two decades, a new generation of ammunition for tank guns has appeared. Some of these American shells have proven very useful in Iraq and Israel. New shells were better suited for the destruction of infantry, bunkers and buildings, and not for the destruction of tanks. With the end of the Cold War, quite a few tank battles took place, and the number of existing anti-tank shells turned out to be more than sufficient.



In 1990, new projectiles were developed for these new conditions. The old shells were recycled and equipped with new features. Thus, the 19000 American multipurpose 120-mm M830A1 tank shells were modified and made M908 shells (similar to the Israeli M329). This made them more deadly against bunkers, buildings and non-armored vehicles. In addition, the M120 1028-mm projectile (containing 1100 10-mm tungsten balls capable of killing or injuring up to 700 meters from the tank) went into production in 2002. This projectile and M908 are almost constantly used by American M-1 tanks in Iraq.

Israel leads the way in both types of tank ammunition and has been actively using their versions in the Palestinian territories for the past seven years. These two types of shells make tanks much more useful in urban battles. Militants often hide in buildings or behind trees and thickets of agricultural crops. The M908 projectile can destroy buildings, and the M1028 can clean light structures and vegetation from enemy infantry.



M329 provides even more flexibility when tanks do not have to fight other tanks. India is armed with more 4000 tanks using 125-mm guns and Indians highly rate Israeli military equipment.
Originator:
http://www.strategypage.com
10 comments
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  1. domokl
    domokl April 24 2012 09: 11
    +8
    In principle, it’s quite a logical decision .. The use of tanks as tools of high mobility takes place to be and such ammunition will make a lot of noise in battle ...
    All the same, constant participation in military conflicts has a beneficial effect on the military industry of Israel ...
    1. Kars
      Kars April 24 2012 09: 47
      +7
      In this article, the main thing is that Israel is expanding its piece of the pie in the ammunition market. With 125 mm shells, it is aimed at all countries where Soviet tank guns are used. And this is a very alarming call.

      Although shells from the bins of the USSR will still be quoted because of the low price.
  2. schta
    schta April 24 2012 09: 34
    +3
    Well, yes, the world is divided into those who have tanks and those who do not have tanks. Accordingly, ammunition and other means of destruction must step to a new level.
  3. Nechai
    Nechai April 24 2012 11: 31
    +3
    India has more than 4000 tanks
    And "our" grief analysts believe that the RF Armed Forces have enough 2500 machines. What is called feel the difference. Possible theater of operations of the Indian Armed Forces and Russia ...
  4. Cripple cross
    Cripple cross April 24 2012 12: 14
    +1
    Death delivery is beautiful. Beautiful shell.
    1. Olegovich
      Olegovich April 24 2012 13: 17
      +2
      Quote: CrippleCross
      Death delivery is beautiful. Beautiful shell.

      Yes, what can the human mind not think of in order to destroy as many relatives as possible as quickly and easily!
      The Israelis are coming up with new weapons well. Oh, Stalin had to set aside an autonomous region in the USSR for them and more work ...
      1. Cripple cross
        Cripple cross April 24 2012 13: 27
        +2
        Olegovich,
        Yes, if only she was and is with us. Jewish Autonomous Oblast, city center Birabidzhan if memory fails. exists since 34 years. And what's the point? )))
        In weapons, we have always been leading experts around the world. meanwhile, we hold positions less.
      2. chukapabra
        chukapabra April 24 2012 13: 51
        +5
        Olegovich,
        Quote: Olegych
        The Israelis are coming up with new weapons well. Oh, Stalin had to set aside an autonomous region in the USSR for them and more work ...

        Allocated in the Far East, but what kind of normal Jew will go to the Far East? Many have left and are developing science in Israel, America, Europe. This is probably one of the reasons why Israel leads the arms market in many areas. But it’s a pity, because they could bring us a lot of benefit
        It's probably like in advertising.
        Alexander 2 asks the soldier why he cuts the wings of swans
        -Let it fly away
        -Need to feed, they will not fly away .-- Alexander answered.
        So in the whole of science, how much went away, but you just had to feed
  5. leon-iv
    leon-iv April 24 2012 14: 58
    0
    Ainet, I do not recognize you in makeup)))
  6. bazilio
    bazilio April 24 2012 18: 06
    +1
    The idea of ​​such ammunition looks interesting, but to evaluate the effectiveness I would like to know the experience of combat use. if anyone met, share the link. thanks in advance
    1. chukapabra
      chukapabra April 24 2012 19: 47
      +1
      Quote: bazilio
      The idea of ​​such ammunition looks interesting, but to evaluate the effectiveness I would like to know the experience of combat use. if anyone met, share the link. thanks in advance

      http://newsru.co.il/israel/16apr2012/tank8019.html
      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nE7gHXsfQwc
  7. evening
    evening April 24 2012 20: 14
    0
    The Israeli 120mm version of this projectile, the 120mm ARAM-MP-T (M329), was adopted three years ago. This projectile is designed to destroy infantry and light equipment or shelters. Thanks to a programmable fuse, the projectile can detonate in air close to a moving target (for example, a helicopter)

    Read more: http://topwar.ru/13717-razvitie-tankovyh-boepripasov.html
    Tank SLA does not allow to determine the location of the helicopter at the right time, so this projectile is not effective against helicopters.
    In addition, the 105mm shell variant is shown in the sub-element separation diagram - in the 120mm variant, the elements are not so ordered. Therefore, the probability of hitting a target is less.
    1. chukapabra
      chukapabra April 24 2012 20: 31
      0
      Quote: vecher
      Tank SLA does not allow to determine the location of the helicopter at the right time, so this projectile is not effective against helicopters.

      Where does this infa come from? Modifying the MSA for ammunition is not very difficult
      1. evening
        evening April 24 2012 21: 41
        +1
        Logic: a few seconds will elapse from measuring the distance by the range finder, and the helicopter will fly away a couple of hundred meters. And the MSA will calculate the settings for the shot by measuring the distance, which is already outdated.
  8. Yemelya
    Yemelya April 24 2012 20: 43
    0
    A tank with such ammunition does not need any BMPT.