Military Review

The Ministry of Defense published materials on the 75 anniversary of the feat of Alexander Matrosov

47
Russian Defense Ministry launched on its website multimedia a section with archival documents devoted to the feat of the gunner-gunner of the 2-th separate rifle battalion of the 91-th separate Stalin rifle-brigade of the Siberian volunteer Hero of the Soviet Union Red Army soldier Alexander Matrosov.


The Ministry of Defense published materials on the 75 anniversary of the feat of Alexander Matrosov


In the last days of February, the Red Army soldier 1943 accomplished the feat that stories The Great Patriotic War received a proper name - “the feat of Alexander Matrosov”. The section presents materials from the funds of the Central Archive of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation - authentic evidence of his exploit,
says the release of the military department.



The section contains a report to the deputy head of the Chief Political Department of the Red Army, dated December 1944 of the year, which contains a detailed report on the work on establishing the exact burial place of Alexander Matrosov with a description of the state of the grave and proposed measures to perpetuate his memory.

In addition, it tells about other heroes who repeated the feat of Matrosov.

“Employees of the archive bit by bit collected information about 500 heroes from numerous disparate documents from the period of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945. This information is compiled into a collection and will be published soon, ”the report says.
Photos used:
Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation
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  1. aszzz888
    aszzz888 2 March 2018 09: 18
    +23
    It was only the second day of the Hero’s war ... Eternal memory! soldier
    1. bouncyhunter
      bouncyhunter 2 March 2018 09: 30
      +13
      Quote: aszzz888
      Everlasting memory!

      Exactly ! The feat of living forever in the hearts of millions !!! soldier
      1. The black
        The black 2 March 2018 09: 42
        +25
        FOR HELP: The first “Matrosov’s feat” was made by the political instructor of the tank company Alexander Konstantinovich Pankratov in late summer 1941. By decree of March 16.03.1942, 435 awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union. By virtue of circumstances, A. Matrosov’s feat became known to the whole country earlier than the heroism of others, therefore he is considered the first Hero. During the Great Patriotic War, 167 (data vary slightly according to different sources) of fighters and commanders, political workers and partisans, repeated the deed of Matrosov. 7 of them were posthumously awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union, the rest were awarded various state awards ..... and even .XNUMX people from among those who repeated the feat survived !!!!
        1. bouncyhunter
          bouncyhunter 2 March 2018 09: 53
          +6
          Glory hi You write everything correctly both above and below. Thanks for the clarifications and additions! good drinks
  2. Rotmistr
    Rotmistr 2 March 2018 09: 24
    +21
    It is very important
    Well done
  3. Aaron Zawi
    Aaron Zawi 2 March 2018 09: 31
    +8
    All the same, why was this feat associated with the name of Matrosov? For example, the fire rams of pilots are associated with the name Gastelo, who was among the first to perform this feat. Those more than before Matrosov sacrificed themselves so more than a hundred Soviet soldiers. The first, as far as was known, was the political instructor Pankratov.

    On 19 of August 1941, the enemy managed to break into the northeastern outskirts of Novgorod. Intelligence found that the Germans created an observation post within the walls of the Kirillov Monastery, from where they adjusted their artillery fire. On the night of 24 on 25 of August, the 125 tank regiment was tasked to take possession of the monastery with a sudden blow.
    The performance of this task was entrusted to the company of Lieutenant Platonov, in which Alexander Pankratov was the youngest political instructor. However, the expectation of surprise did not justify itself; the Nazis met our soldiers with heavy machine gun fire. The company commander was killed, the soldiers lay down. Assessing the situation, the younger political instructor Pankratov crawled to the enemy machine gun and threw grenades at it. The enemy machine-gun crew ceased fire for some time, but soon resumed it with renewed vigor. The advance of the soldiers of the company of the junior political officer Pankratov again stopped, many dead and wounded appeared on the battlefield. Then Pankratov made a sharp jerk in the direction of the enemy embrasure and covered the barrel of the machine gun spewing flame with his chest. The company immediately went on the attack and burst into the monastery.
    Homeland praised the feat of the young political worker. 16 March 1942 g. He was posthumously awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union.
    1. aszzz888
      aszzz888 2 March 2018 09: 40
      +15
      Aron Zawi Today, 09:31 All the same, why was this feat associated with the name of Matrosov?


      The first, second, fifth, hundredth ... Yes, because they are all HEROES !!! By the way, in the Second World War and about 10 Jews repeated the feat of A. Matrosov.
    2. LiSiCyn
      LiSiCyn 2 March 2018 09: 42
      +4
      I have no doubt at all about A. Matrosov’s feat ... Nevertheless, the MG machine gun was the most powerful, in its caliber ... The Sawmill, as our fighters called it ... I understand how to cover a machine gun on a parapet in the trench ...
      But I don’t understand how to close the embrasure ??? request
      1. novel66
        novel66 2 March 2018 10: 13
        +3
        somehow yes, the first turn should be discarded from the embrasure. 2-3 seconds to jerk?
        1. BIP PS FSB RF
          BIP PS FSB RF 2 March 2018 10: 23
          +7
          Quote: novel xnumx
          somehow yes, the first turn should be discarded from the embrasure. 2-3 seconds to jerk?

          Where to drop? less militants see.
          1. novel66
            novel66 2 March 2018 10: 25
            +6
            colleague, "stopping the action of a bullet" - are familiar with this term?
            1. BIP PS FSB RF
              BIP PS FSB RF 2 March 2018 10: 46
              +5
              not only familiar, but also seen in action. He also taught physics, where the basic rule is that the force of action is equal to the strength of reaction.
              1. novel66
                novel66 2 March 2018 10: 50
                +8
                those. the bullet doesn't throw the body away? it was always embarrassing ... and even more indignant were the commanders who sent the soldiers to the bunker, not having previously been expelled by artillery or aircraft. is sad. and here’s another - Nikolai has a saint of novels, but there are no Sailors. and where is holier?
                1. LiSiCyn
                  LiSiCyn 2 March 2018 11: 10
                  +3
                  Quote: novel xnumx
                  those. the bullet doesn't throw the body away?

                  MG rate of fire, is such that even the "if" does not drop ... Saw to pieces ...
                2. BIP PS FSB RF
                  BIP PS FSB RF 2 March 2018 21: 35
                  0
                  Quote: novel xnumx
                  those. the bullet doesn't throw the body away? it was always embarrassing ... and even more indignant were the commanders who sent the soldiers to the bunker, not having previously been expelled by artillery or aircraft. is sad. and here’s another - Nikolai has a saint of novels, but there are no Sailors. and where is holier?

                  Where do you get your avatar photo from? Description to your profile, too, where did they write off? You do not understand the simplest principles of firing, and how everything really happens ... Where are the epaulettes of the Body from?
                  1. novel66
                    novel66 2 March 2018 21: 42
                    +3
                    no need to be rude, it does not paint. notice nothing on the topic, just a discussion of my person. I'm not interested, I know everything about myself.
                    1. BIP PS FSB RF
                      BIP PS FSB RF 2 March 2018 23: 50
                      0
                      Quote: novel xnumx
                      no need to be rude, it does not paint. notice nothing on the topic, just a discussion of my person. I'm not interested, I know everything about myself.

                      Fine! What does your person have to do with it?
                      Officer's daughter? Beauty! You work regularly and truthfully!
                      Let's get back to the moment the body closes the embrasure, or is this not possible? (let me love you!)
                    2. BIP PS FSB RF
                      BIP PS FSB RF 2 March 2018 23: 53
                      0
                      Quote: novel xnumx
                      no need to be rude, it does not paint. notice nothing on the topic, just a discussion of my person. I'm not interested, I know everything about myself.

                      SchA will be rubbed, but GO TO THE BODY, the body is dumb
                    3. BIP PS FSB RF
                      BIP PS FSB RF 3 March 2018 00: 06
                      0
                      Quote: novel xnumx
                      the

                      How to discourage such a handsome person from the site?

                      Xatit how to change a nickname? never managed
              2. would
                would 3 March 2018 20: 52
                0
                He also taught physics, where the basic rule is that the force of action is equal to the strength of reaction.


                Which is not fully applicable to the return of weapons without additional reservations. So contrary to all jokes, it’s quite possible to drop the target with a shot while remaining at the same place. I can tell how hi
            2. Orionvit
              Orionvit 2 March 2018 11: 28
              +1
              Quote: novel xnumx
              "stopping action of a bullet"

              Knocks down, yes.
              1. BIP PS FSB RF
                BIP PS FSB RF 2 March 2018 21: 37
                0
                When the intestines to shreds - knocked down - yes!
          2. LiSiCyn
            LiSiCyn 2 March 2018 12: 32
            +1
            Quote: BIP PS FSB RF
            Where to drop?

            Back ... yes
            You, 5,45 from 7,92 do not confuse ...
            Memoirs of veterans, read ... request
            1. BIP PS FSB RF
              BIP PS FSB RF 2 March 2018 21: 38
              0
              Solzhenitsin? Read, not convinced!
        2. Alexey RA
          Alexey RA 2 March 2018 16: 21
          +7
          Quote: novel xnumx
          somehow yes, the first turn should be discarded from the embrasure.

          Then shooting with hands from a machine gun is also impossible - the machine gunner should be thrown back. And even more than the body into which the bullets fall - because the bullet often pierces the body through, without transmitting to it all the momentum and all the energy.
          The throwing back of the body when a bullet hit was checked by Savage with Heinemann. Result - Busted!: pork carcasses when moving slightly moved.
          By the way, if a machine-gun burst threw back the body, then roadblocks and trenches from sandbags would be dismantled from a machine gun. smile
          1. novel66
            novel66 2 March 2018 16: 41
            +1
            so logical. but someone is lying somewhere
            1. BIP PS FSB RF
              BIP PS FSB RF 2 March 2018 17: 03
              0
              Quote: novel xnumx
              so logical. but someone is lying somewhere

              Someone writes without understanding ...
              Alex described everything in detail above. And you can look at experiments on the effect of a bullet on the body in one of the series "Legend Destroyers". This is one of the most affordable.
          2. LiSiCyn
            LiSiCyn 2 March 2018 16: 58
            +1
            Quote: Alexey RA
            trenches from sandbags would be dismantled from a VLET machine gun.

            And they break, with a large number of hits. In addition, the bag lies ... Density of sand and people ...
            Discharge of powder gases, mitigation of recoil ...
            Quote: Alexey RA
            machine gunner should throw back.


            Quote: Alexey RA
            Then shooting with hands from a machine gun is also impossible -

            Sighting, no ...
            I remind you once again, according to the memoirs of the war veterans, MG simply "sawed" people in half ...
            1. Alexey RA
              Alexey RA 2 March 2018 17: 05
              +3
              Quote: LiSiCyn
              And they break, with a large number of hits. In addition, the bag lies ...

              So the person also lies on the embrasure.
              Quote: LiSiCyn
              Density of sand and human body ...

              It does not play in favor of a sandbag, to which the bullets transmit the whole momentum. In addition, the bag is lighter - therefore, it must fly even cooler than a person from a machine gun line. smile
              Quote: LiSiCyn
              I remind you once again, according to the memoirs of the war veterans, MG simply "sawed" people in half ...

              Sawed. So what? Now in the embrasure lie 2 half a man.
              To remove an obstacle, it must not be sawed, but pushed out. It is desirable - completely.
              Quote: LiSiCyn
              Sighting, no ...

              If the queue that fell into the human body discards this body, then it is impossible to shoot with hands at all - the machine gunner should fly in the opposite direction. smile
              1. LiSiCyn
                LiSiCyn 2 March 2018 18: 06
                +1
                Quote: LiSiCyn
                Discharge of powder gases, mitigation of recoil ...
                Quote: Alexey RA
                machine gunner should throw back.
                1. BIP PS FSB RF
                  BIP PS FSB RF 2 March 2018 21: 31
                  0
                  Quote: LiSiCyn
                  Quote: LiSiCyn
                  Discharge of powder gases, mitigation of recoil ...
                  Quote: Alexey RA
                  machine gunner should throw back.

                  And what did you want to say by this out of context?

                  What the hell was the minus removed?
    3. The black
      The black 2 March 2018 09: 44
      +15
      All the same, why was this feat associated with the name of Matrosov?
      At the time when A. Matrosov accomplished this feat, the correspondent of the newspaper Krasnaya Zvezda was in his unit. He wrote an essay about this and left it to his editor. The editor, appreciating the importance of this article, tried to get this essay to IV Stalin. After reading the essay, Stalin uttered his historical phrase: “This is how war should be fought — equalization of Alexander Matrosov!” Since then, the legendary name of A. Matrosov has been well-known to everyone and the whole world has learned about Alexander Matrososva. Before Matrosov, more than 100 people had already accomplished this feat. But one must understand that there was a war. The information base was not what. There was no possibility of media and the Internet. only after the war did we begin to learn new names of heroes who performed this feat. To date, the most extensive and complete information base on these heroes is located in the V.F. Margelov Foundation and has 435 heroes (we, near Vladikavkaz, have a monument to Peter Barbashov, who performed a similar feat in November 1942)
    4. Cube123
      Cube123 2 March 2018 11: 56
      +5
      Quote: Aaron Zawi
      All the same, why was this feat associated with the name of Matrosov?
      ...
      The first, as far as was known, was Pankratov political instructor.

      Columbus was the first, and America was named after Amerigo Vespucci.
  4. Opera
    Opera 2 March 2018 09: 34
    +11
    This is genes. Here comes such a situation and the soldier understands - so be it! Just don't think about yourself. Man realizes this and goes into eternity. For your friends! Try to explain to our Western partners the Russian proverb - peace and death is red! Useless business.
    1. aszzz888
      aszzz888 2 March 2018 09: 53
      +5
      Opera Today, 09:34
      This is genes.

      This is the Russian spirit, it is laid with mother’s milk, and therefore it is not given to understand by the foreigners. BEGGARS THEY BY THE SPIRIT, BEGGARS!
  5. Stas157
    Stas157 2 March 2018 09: 44
    +15
    All this is very good that the Ministry of Defense publishes such materials. But where is the Ministry of Education? Now schoolchildren do not even know who Alexander Matrosov is!
    Just recently, he told his son, his namesake, Alexander Matrosov, for the sake of saving others, closed the loophole of the machine gun with his body, cited this as an example of the highest sacrifice that people have ...
    And a child in his 11 years old is not a rumor not about it. But he tells me that they were taught in school what kind of a bloody tyrant Stalin was, and how everyone was afraid of him, and intensely praise Putin and how we live well now, unlike the times of the USSR. Here is such an education today. Is it any wonder that such people as Kolya from Tyumen appear at the exit?
    A plus article, definitely. Only in real life does this have little to do. Of the children make the same pots as in the neighboring country. In words, Putin speaks very softly and streamlined about the USSR, in deeds - education, films, media ... Everything works to denigrate the socialist past.
    1. x.andvlad
      x.andvlad 2 March 2018 10: 10
      +7
      Quote: Stas157
      Only in real life does this have little to do. Of the children make the same pots as in the neighboring country.

      Apparently, this also depends on the leadership of educational institutions and local authorities.

      The more such reminders will be in our cities and villages, the better.
  6. taiga2018
    taiga2018 2 March 2018 10: 09
    +2
    I remember when I was still in school and we were told about this feat, I thought, but I could also do that ...
  7. New Year day
    New Year day 2 March 2018 10: 13
    +4
    when you read the archival documents of the war, it’s breathtaking: what were the people who were invisible on a civilian, and who committed the feat during the war. It’s not everyone who can close a machine gun with his body. Filippov’s HEROES are born on such examples!
  8. Masya masya
    Masya masya 2 March 2018 10: 15
    +9
    Scribble mercilessly a machine gun,
    A company pressed against the damp ground.
    He boldly took a step forward
    Having closed with itself the "mouth" of the bunker.

    You have reached the highest valor
    A throw into immortality burst.
    One jerk, a short moment
    He always hugged the earth.

    Your feat is eternal, won't die
    Will remain in people's hearts.
    Closing with a machine gun
    Glorified, you yourself for centuries ...
    Nobody is forgotten, nothing is forgotten!
    1. novel66
      novel66 2 March 2018 22: 32
      +3
      Masenka love and also Vysotsky: "someone there in front fell on a pillbox, and the earth froze for a moment .." there were people ...
  9. Blue fox
    Blue fox 2 March 2018 10: 38
    +17
    Quote: LiSiCyn
    But I don’t understand how to close the embrasure ???


    Here is the design of a typical German bunker, it is clearly visible on it that the embrasure is, especially its kind, a swag, showing a floor protective earthen sprinkle. Having covered this sector with itself, the soldier immediately blocked the review and interfered with aimed fire, even if bullets pierced his body through and through. At the same time, it was not so easy to throw back the body from inside the bunker; it is enough to imagine how to move the load with a mass of, say, only 70 kilograms lying at a distance exceeding the length of the arm extended from the bunker through a rather low embrasure. For this it was required either to leave the bunker and remove the body from the outside, or to exert efforts from the inside with the help of something like a handle from a large sapper shovel.
    PS Somehow I did such an experiment on one of the many colleagues from Peter DOT Kaur, near Lake Copper Lake, I tried to push a plastic bag of sand from inside the DOT with the SVT barrel (airsoft players build their own “fortresses” there), blocking the embrasure. It turned out with great difficulty and even not completely, and most importantly it took more than 40 seconds. But in the bag and 50 kg was not.
    1. igordok
      igordok 2 March 2018 16: 20
      +2
      Monument on the site of the death of A. Matrosov in the 70 years of the last century. The area is marshy and the concrete "pillbox" is destroyed, and the modern monument is already different. Unfortunately, many people who see this monument believe that A. Matrosov closed the embrasure of the bunker, not the bunker.
    2. Hiller
      Hiller 2 March 2018 20: 41
      +1
      What is more important to you? A feat or doubt that this is possible? The feat is perfect! And the point! Hundreds of Heroes.
  10. AlexVas44
    AlexVas44 2 March 2018 11: 16
    +4
    Remembered! The 254th Guards Motorized Rifle Regiment named after Hero of the Soviet Union, Private Alexander Matrosov, was stationed in Tallinn after the war. In the early nineties, they were evicted from Estonia and stationed in the city of Yelnya. They built a beautiful residential town with German money, to serve and to serve. But, as is usual with us, the regiment named after Alexander Matrosov, together with his 144th Guards.MISD, ceased to exist. Where is the Hero’s corner now, in what part of the evening verification is his name mentioned, forever enlisted in the regiment’s lists, the most meticulous military researcher is unlikely to answer. Consequently, only for seemingly “written cheers-patriots” did he remain a symbol of military honor and valor, selflessness and heroism - for the Russian army, its specific military unit - already, unfortunately, no longer exist.
    1. Hiller
      Hiller 2 March 2018 20: 45
      +2
      And unfortunately, not only this regiment.
  11. Gardamir
    Gardamir 2 March 2018 11: 36
    +5
    It is good to read such articles and comments. There are neither ours nor yours. All are united in respect for the heroic deed.