Military Review

Judgment Day. Fracture and Completion. Part of 2

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By October 20, the Israeli Front Tanks, successively defeating the Syrians, Iraqis and Jordanians, were already 40 km from Damascus ....

However, the story of the events on the northern front would not be complete without mentioning another Israeli operation against the Iraqis. On the night of 11 on 12 of October, a heavy transport helicopter Yasur (CH-53 Sea Stallion qualitatively sharpened by Israelis for their needs) landed a group of saboteurs under the command of 25-year-old captain Shaul Mofaz

Judgment Day. Fracture and Completion. Part of 2


(In 1998, he will become the Chief of the General Staff of the Israel Defense Forces (in the photo), and in 2002, the Minister of Defense.) In the deep Syrian rear in the area where the borders of Syria, Iraq and Jordan meet. The task was set before him: as far as possible to delay the approach to the front line of armored vehicles from Iraq. The fighters managed to undermine a strategically important bridge, destroy several units of Iraqi armored vehicles from a column stuck on the march and return without losses to the base by helicopter. Iraqis arrived at theaters with an 13 hourly delay. The second such operation failed. Because of the low clouds, the helicopter with the soldiers had to land quite far from the destination. The detachment was discovered by the Syrians and fired upon. It took an urgent evacuation. One fighter from the team was injured ...

In scientifichistorical literature about this war tends to downplay fleet. It is believed that the fleet practically did not play any role. Before preparing for the publication of this article, I was also sure of it. I had to change my mind right during the editing process. Israel, even in peacetime, receives 98% of goods and raw materials through the sea. We should not forget that only a small part of military supplies arrived by air. The dominance of the Israeli fleet at sea not only secured the Israeli coast and frustrated the Arabs' plans to disrupt Israeli communications at sea, but also created a threat to the coast of the enemy. As a result, throughout the war, an entire Syrian armored brigade was located off the coast of Syria, as the Syrians feared landings.

6 October commander of the flotilla of missile boats Michael Barkaи led the flotilla against the Syrians, finding that the first blow needed to be broken them.


Michael Barkai (with a beard) surrounded by colleagues.


The first battle between the Syrian fleet and the Israeli flotilla (in the composition of the missile boats "Mezanеto ”, on which was Barkai,“ Gaash ”,“ Khanиt "," Mivtаx and pеthe chef ”) occurred the same evening off the coast of Latakia and ended with the complete defeat of the Syrians who lost 5 ships, while the Israelis returned to the base without a loss.

Almost immediately after returning from Latakia Binyamin TеLem - the commander of the Navy of Israel and Barkai, began to prepare the fleet for a campaign against Egypt, on the coast of which the patrol boats "Sufа"," Xеroar "and" Kеshet "under the command of Gidon Raz; soon the latter, with the support of the Israeli Air Force, managed to sink one enemy vessel.


Beni Telem and Michael Barkai



Gidon Raz


The next evening the Israeli boats again sailed into the sea and headed towards Egypt with the aim of removing the Hanit, which, having completed preparations for a new voyage before the other ships, was sent on patrol and ran aground. Having coped with this task, the boats retreated, however, due to an error in orientation, complicated by crew fatigue, the “Mezanec” was opposite to Port Said and was attacked by two Komar-type boats transferred to the USSR to Egypt.



There were no hits in the “Mezanek”, and the Egyptian boats managed to escape before the “Mezanek” managed to go a distance to launch their missiles, and Michael Barkai ordered to retreat. The Israeli boats, except for the three remaining for the patrol, returned to the base.

9 October there was a battle at Damietta, in which the Israelis, without any loss, destroyed the ship of the Egyptians 3.

As a result of these first battles, the Syrian Navy lost a third, and the Egyptian Navy lost a quarter of its missile boats. The actions of the Israeli EW completely disoriented the Arabs, who were absolutely unable to even understand what was happening. It seemed to them, because of the false targets on the radars, that there were a lot of Israeli ships and that the actions of the Israeli ships supported helicopters. All this has so affected the Arab sailors that they completely lost the initiative and hid the ships in bases protected by coastal batteries. From that time on, the Arabs began to launch missiles from near approaches to the harbors or from the harbors themselves, relying on the range of their missiles, on luck, and on the cover of coastal batteries. Israel’s supremacy of the sea not only ensured the security of Israel from the sea, but also created a threat to the Arab rears.


"Saar-3"


After gaining dominance at sea, the Israelis began to bombard coastal targets in Egypt and Syria, primarily oil storages. The day after the battle at Damiette, Israeli ships returned to the shores of Egypt and fired at coastal targets.

10 October Israeli ships fired on the Syrian coast.

11 October Israel’s raid to shoot oil tanks off the coast of Syria led to a sea battle when Israeli boats “Gaash”, “Sufa”, “Hetz” and “Keshet” under the command of Barkai collided with two Syrian missile boats at the port of Tartus (the boats were separated into two groups - one went to Tartus, the other - to Banias). The Arabs acted cautiously - a little way out of the harbor, they in 23: 30 fired a rocket salvo and headed back. At full speed, the Israelis reached the range of the “Gabriel” launch and fired these missiles.


Launch of the Gabriel rocket from the Israeli Saar-4 rocket ship


As a result, both Syrian boats (“Komar” and “Wasp”) were damaged, and they were forced to throw themselves ashore.


Missile boat type "Wasp-1"


In this and subsequent operations were also sunk two transport neutral countries (Greek and Japanese).

On the night of October 22 a grenade from an ordinary infantry grenade launcher M72 LAW Israeli naval commandos set fire to the Egyptian rocket boat of the "Komar", standing in the harbor of Ardak.

In this war, the Israelis first fired a Gabriel missile on a ground target - the Egyptian coastal radar, which, as a result, was seriously damaged. In the same operation, two Egyptian radar patrol vessels (armed fishing trawlers, used as patrol ships) were sunk.

Thus, the Israelis achieved complete victory at sea: they defeated the fleets of Syria and Egypt, locked up their remnants at the bases, carried out raids on the enemy coast, etc.

The losses of the Israeli Navy were only 3 or 4 killed (sailor from the Dabur-type patrol boat and 3 fighters of the naval special forces - 2 from 13 Xyett and 1 from 707 subunit) and 24 of the wounded. Several Dabur-type boats were lightly damaged in the Red Sea and were quickly returned to service.


"Dabur"


Only the repair of two missile boats, stranded during the war on the ground, took a relatively long time. Arabs lost 12 missile boats (including 2 missile boats on the Red Sea) and a number of other ships and boats and were trapped in harbors throughout the war.

Sadat, as we remember, and from the very beginning of the war he was not very eager to reach Tel Aviv, but he did not expect such a turn of events. In Washington, the Israeli ambassador learned about the frantic talks between the Americans and the Russians about the possibility of a cease-fire announcement. The soldiers of the Egyptian 3 Army, so long in the dark about what was going on in their rear, were depressed. Sharon ordered Israeli flags to stick into the land as he moved along the west coast to Suez.



In addition, from time to time, the IDF tanks began firing from the west bank at the Egyptian troops at Sinai. Only now the Egyptians understood that they were surrounded. In the Egyptian army, communications were poorly established and often information that was owned by one commander did not reach the others. Anti-aircraft missiles on the coast were destroyed, and the Israelis were bombing now what they wanted. Although the main highway leading to the Sinai positions of the 3 Army was cut, the city of Suez was not yet taken, and it was difficult to talk about the complete encirclement of the Egyptian army. The Israelis sought to finish the encirclement before the announcement of a cease-fire, which was about to be expected from the UN ...

In fact, if America and the Soviet Union had introduced an arms embargo on the warring countries on the first day of the war, the war would have ended in a week. Already on October 12, the Air Force commander informed the command that if American aid was not received by aircraft, then with the current level of losses in two days aviation will not be able to complete all combat missions.

Meanwhile, since the beginning of the war, the Soviet Union has established both sea and air shipments of weapons and ammunition to Syria and, to a lesser extent, to Egypt. American electronic intelligence in Cyprus spotted a surprisingly intense air bridge between the USSR and Syria. The aircraft flew through Hungary and Yugoslavia. It also became known that in Yugoslavia 6000 concentrated Soviet soldiers who were ready to fly to Egypt. This caused the United States, after some delay, to respond with an air bridge to Israel.

After the US made a decision to support the Jewish state, 19 of October 1973, the Arab countries - oil exporters, OPEC members, as part of a preliminary agreement to use oil as “weapons"Announced a full embargo on oil supplies to the United States and restricting supplies to other Western countries, which led to an oil crisis.

European countries were afraid of the Arab boycott and refused to supply Israel with even spare parts for weapons already sold. Neither in England, nor in Germany, Israeli diplomats could not achieve anything ...

Israel’s uninterrupted supply of equipment and ammunition began on the evening of October 12. There was no “political” delay in this. The speed of organization will surprise anyone who is familiar with the American bureaucracy. "Phantoms" flew their course from the United States landing on the Azores. From the bases in New Jersey and Delaware, transport aircraft carried everything that could be needed in the war, from helicopters to warm jackets.


Tank M60 Patton


For the month from October 14 to November 14, 22 000 tons of cargo arrived in Israel from America. 566 flights were made. Something arrived by sea. Among the Americans received help: X-NUMX or 36 F-40 Phantom II, 4 Fighter Douglas A-60 Skyhawk fighters, military equipment and anti-tank weapons, M4 Patton tanks, M60 howitzer, radar systems, several CH-X-HEN-CHUMUM helicopters, several CH-X-HEN-CHUMUM helicopters, CHUMXTHUMX helicopters, howitzer M109 fighter jets, radar systems, several CH-X-HEN-CHUMUM helicopters, howitzer M53, radar systems, several CH-X-HEN-CHUMUM helicopters, several helicopters, two CH-X-HEHUM-CHUMUM helicopters, one CHNXX fighter jets, two MX-howitzer MXNXX fighter jets. airplanes, etc. America supplied weapons to 825 million dollars + shipping costs. US President Richard Nixon addressed the October 19 Congress and asked 2,2 billion dollars in military aid to Israel, “to preserve the balance of power and ensure stability in the Middle East.” Congressmen understood that this was a “balance” with the Soviet Union, and the money was given.

In the USSR, too, did not sleep. Lieutenant General Saad Al-Shazli:
“The Soviet Union carried out the largest air delivery in history to assist us. (Of course, the prestige and military capabilities of the Soviet Union were at stake. But mutual interest is the cement of allied relations, and we considered their help to be allied). These deliveries were not planned in advance. They began three days after the start of the war, and by the end of the war the Soviets delivered Egypt and Syria through the air 15000 tons of material means of warfare. Soviet transport aircraft An-12 and An-22 made more than 900 round-trip flights. We received tanks, anti-tank weapons, anti-aircraft missiles, ammunition and many other military materials, more than half of them, like almost all tanks, were sent to Syria. The Soviet Air Force and those people in Egypt and Syria who quickly unloaded, sorted, checked, grouped and sent to the front all this mass of materials deserve the highest praise.
In addition, on October 30, the Soviet Union carried out an offshore material supply operation: at least 63 000 tons, mainly to Syria. (This operation would not have been possible without the presence and significant strengthening of the Soviet Navy in the Mediterranean). ”


Indeed, by October 10, the Soviet naval forces in the conflict area numbered 3 cruisers, 7 destroyers (some of which were equipped with missiles), 9 frigates and corvettes, 2 landing craft, 2 minesweeper and happy auxiliary ships, as well as more 16 submarines ( including at least 4 atomic).

In the Mediterranean, the US 6 fleet at that time had 45 US warships - 2 aircraft carrier, 1 cruiser, 16 destroyers, frigates, patrol boats, 4 patrol vessels, 10 landing ships and 12 auxiliary ships.

In the meantime, starting in October 21, Soviet troops in Hungary began to be brought on alert. By October 24, before 12, the Soviet divisions were ready to be sent to the Middle East, and some of the troops were already pulled to the airfields. Nixon, who still did not end the Vietnam War, was forced to regroup American troops closer to the Arab-Israeli theater of operations. Seeing these actions of the Americans, the Russians began to withdraw troops from Yugoslavia to Hungary.

I myself became an indirect witness of those events. Somewhere in the last days of September, 1973, I was sent on a business trip from the city on the Volga to the territory of the Belarusian Military District. There, for nearly a month, he was engaged in the installation and commissioning of some equipment in a tiny forest garrison. Returning to my unit in the first days of November, I did not find any of my colleagues. A dozen two unfamiliar officers and ensigns roamed about. A week later, recruits from the autumn draft began to arrive under the command of fresh — just from school, junior sergeants, and soon some of them began to live their normal lives ... (By that time, he served as a real grandfather!) After demobilization, I found someone from their former fellow soldiers and from their words I learned that in the middle of October they were alerted, taken to the city department store, where they were dressed in civilian clothes - black suits, white shirts with ties, winter coats with a faux fur collar and Why is a crumpled hat imitation straw. At the site, all were photographed, received international passports and fiber suitcases. (I imagine the look of these "tourists"!) Then, on airplanes, they were transferred somewhere to a rather warm area, where they lived for about two weeks in a large, but stuffy hangar. Let out smoke only at night. Also, unexpectedly, all of them were again loaded onto airplanes and transported to ... Mongolia. There, they served and from there they were demobilized ...

Against the background of this gig bout, Israel’s diplomacy looked very pitiful. The country was again isolated. The Soviet bloc and the Arab countries forced the majority of African states to curtail relations with Israel.

October 15 1973, the price of a barrel of oil for 78 hours jumped from 3, 01 dollar to 5,11 dollar, and 1 January 1974 doubled and reached 11,65 dollar. (In the US, in 70-s the average wage was 7564 dollars per year or 630 dollars per month; prices for basic foodstuffs: milk - 33 cents, bread - 24 cents per pound, meat (steak) - $ 1,30 per pound.) The rise in oil prices has led to tangible and rapid changes in the development of international relations after October 1973.

Kissinger flew to Moscow on October 20 and talked with the Soviet leadership for two days.



So it turned out that Arabs and Jews fought each other, and the Russians and Americans worked out a cease-fire agreement for them. The first cease-fire proposal appeared at the UN on October 13, when Israelis were not in Africa yet, but Sadat then rejected it and rushed to the USSR for help.




Brezhnev said Gromyko:
- It is necessary to restore diplomatic relations with Israel. On their own initiative.
Gromyko cautiously remarked:
- Arabs will be offended, there will be noise.
Brezhnev answered very sharply:
- They went to the ... mother! For so many years we have offered them a sensible way. No, they wanted to make war. Please, we gave them a newest technique - which was not in Vietnam. They had a double superiority in tanks and aircraft, triple - in artillery, and in anti-aircraft and anti-tank weapons - absolute. So what? They were gouged again. And again they dragged. And again they screamed for us to save them. Sadat twice raised me to the telephone in the middle of the night. Required me to send troops immediately. Not! We will not fight for them. People will not understand us ...


But the Politburo did not dare to change the policy of the Middle East ...

Kissinger and the Russians reached a compromise that Israel could not influence. Israeli Ambassador Dinitsa was simply acquainted with the already prepared text of the UN Security Council resolution on a cease-fire (No. 338 of October 22), which was drafted in Moscow. Israel needed a couple more days to break Egypt. Time began to draw, inviting Kissinger to consult in Israel, especially as Kosygin went to Cairo.



Lieutenant General Saad Al-Shazli:
«22 October. Our position on the west bank was steadily deteriorating ... The terrain in the triangle between the Bitter Lakes and the Cairo-Suez road was ideal for tank operations, and the enemy returned to his traditional tactics of using small groups of tanks with tight air support. The resistance of our infantry and airborne units was stubborn. The offensive of the Sharon brigades in the north more or less stopped. In the south, the Adana division advanced further, reaching the Geneife area, from where its artillery could fire the Suez-Cairo road. But she suffered more and more heavy losses. A few minutes before the cease-fire agreement came into force, we launched three P-17E (SCAD) missiles according to enemy forces concentrated in the Deversoire region. (The same shelling, which, as the President immediately announced, was made by our own mythical rocket Al-Kahrir). ”

«23 October. By concentrating four brigades in the southern sector, the enemy used one to constrain our actions and ensure three unobstructed passage to the south. With no resistance, the Israelis surrounded the city of Suez and continued southward to the city of Adabiya on the coast about 16 km south of Suez. They were moving in a column, with headlights on, and our guard posts scattered around the area gazed at them, not knowing what to think. On the way south of Suez, several shots were fired at them, mostly at the command of some junior officer who had the sense to suspect that something was wrong, but the Navy garrison in Adabiya was taken aback, and after a short battle his resistance was crushed. ”

«By October 24 our position was worse than ever. The third army - two reinforced divisions, about 45 000 soldiers and 250 tanks - was completely cut off. The personnel had water and food left on the 4 day. From the encirclement, they were blocked by enemy tanks and our own embankments on the west bank. Since the army was out of range of our air defense missile systems, its positions were open to enemy air raids. She could not make her way west: most of the bridge equipment on this section had already been destroyed by air strikes. It was impossible to help her: the superiority of the enemy in armored vehicles and aircraft was such that we could not break through to her. And when the enemy's air force began to systematically bomb its positions, in the Third Army soon there were already 600 injured in need of evacuation. The situation was hopeless. ”


October 24 Soviet leadership warned Israel “About the worst consequences” in case of it "Aggressive actions against Egypt and Syria". At the same time, Brezhnev sent an urgent telegram to Richard Nixon, in which he assured the American side that if it were passive in resolving the crisis, the USSR would be faced with the necessity “Urgently consider taking the necessary unilateral steps.” The increased combat readiness of 7 divisions of the Soviet airborne troops was announced. In response, the United States declared an alarm in the nuclear forces.

By this time, the Third Egyptian Army at Sinai was fully surrounded. Israeli troops occupied 1600 square. km the continental territory of Egypt, and Israeli tanks were in 70 km from Cairo. Considering the American-Soviet-Arab-UN considerations, Israel was forced to stop the offensive, to abandon the idea of ​​forcing the Third Army to surrender, to allow the transportation of food and medicines to it. October 25 increased alert in the Soviet divisions and US nuclear forces was canceled.


The war is over!


The final cease-fire agreement was signed by the military of both countries on the 101 kilometer of the Cairo-Suez highway on November 11.



Israeli troops gradually retreated back to Sinai. January 18 The 1974 Agreement was signed on the disengagement of troops at Sinai, and the Israelis had already left the channel zone themselves. The Syrians, true to themselves, signed an agreement on the separation of troops only on May 30. Syria was returning part of the Golan Heights with Quneitra on the terms of demilitarization and deployment of UN troops here ...

The Israeli military victory was not backed up by diplomatic achievements, partly because of the negligence of diplomats, partly because of the purely objective alignment of forces in the world arena. 8 Thousands of Egyptian prisoners were exchanged for Israeli 240. Approximately 15 000 Egyptians, 3 500 Syrians, and 2 700 Israelis were killed in the war.


Egyptian prisoners


(As I have already said, the numbers of losses from the source to the source may differ. There are various reasons for this, we will not go into details now. Here are enough consensus figures:
The Israeli Air Force lost from 103 to 115 aircraft, of which 7 is in aerial combat. Israeli pilot 53 killed, 44 captured, 53 was rescued after a bailout or an emergency landing. Lost 810 tanks and armored vehicles, 2700 soldiers killed, 5500 − 7500 wounded, 290 − 530 people were captured.
The Arabs lost in the 368 technique of airplanes and helicopters, 1 775 tanks and armored vehicles. Losses in people amounted to 18 500 dead, 51 000 injured and 9 370 prisoners.)
Israel captured in the form of trophies a very large amount of ammunition, light, heavy weapons and armored vehicles.

However, in the 1973 war of the year, ALL participants declared themselves winners:

Syria and Egypt proud of the fact that the initial stage of the war plunged Israel into confusion, the Jewish state managed to catch a surprise and deliver a sensitive blow. They were proud of the courage and good military skills of their soldiers on the battlefield, the shame of the inglorious Six Day War was washed away. The leaders of these countries in their usual manner presented an almost complete defeat of their troops on the battlefield as a great victory. Until now, in Egypt, the highest award for bravery for military personnel is the Order of the Sinai Star, for the victory over Israel.

Syria, in honor of the victory over Israel, also approved a very honorable order of the “Sixth of October”, because these countries are convinced that in 1973 they really defeated the “Zionists” and “dispelled the myth of the invincibility of the Israeli army”. It must be admitted that it sounds beautiful, almost like the victory of the Red Army near Moscow, which has dispelled the myth of the invincibility of the Nazi Wehrmacht. Arabic officialism states: the incalculable hordes of the Israeli occupiers were defeated by the joint efforts of courageous Egyptian and Syrian soldiers who were able to successfully overcome the monstrous Israeli fortified areas in the Suez Canal and the Golan Heights. The most important official holidays in Egypt are the Day of Sinai and the Day of the Armed Forces, and in Syria - the Day of the October War, established in honor of the great victory.



On this day off, the Victory Museums are open in Damascus and Cairo, in which visitors can admire the trophy technique of the defeated Zionist enemy, the magnificent Panorama (a replicating panorama of the battle on the memorial hill in Waterloo) depicting cowardly Israelites skewering from the Arab heroes . Before the revolution in Egypt and the overthrow of the Mubarak regime, a military parade of the Victory was held every year, but now they are limited to a military parade. In the center of Damascus for the most important events built a memorial of the "heroes of the October war."



But for some reason, while in Syria they introduced criminal liability for conducting historical research on the theme of the October war. Syrian leaders have gone through a good Soviet school: everything that interferes with the official interpretation of events is to hide behind seven seals. To their chagrin, now is not up to the parades ...

USA - due to the fact that they managed to adequately get out of a difficult situation: on the one hand, they demonstrated their power, on the other - they did not allow slipping into the Third World War with the use of thermonuclear weapons. In addition, there was another real achievement: not only was it possible to help its ally Israel to get out of the war even stronger than before, but also to gain a new ally in the Middle East - Egypt. In Egypt’s politics, after the war, a lurch towards America was finally taking shape: the leader of the Arab world descended from the Soviet orbit and increasingly entered the sphere of American influence. The Arab countries of the Persian Gulf have become even more dependent on the United States even more than before. (Subsequently, this played a fatal role for the USSR: President Ronald Reagan agreed to lower the price of oil. The Soviet Union was left without an inflow of currency and what happened happened ...)

the USSR - due to the fact that Soviet weapons, especially missile weapons, turned out to be very effective, the intensive training of Arab officers in the Soviet military schools bore fruit - a severe blow was dealt to Israel. At the same time, it was possible to thoroughly tickle the nerves of the United States, which were already experiencing not the best of times because of Vietnam. Before the collapse of the USSR, it was still far away, and in those years, despite the loss of Egypt, the USSR received dividends: positions in Libya strengthened, the war led to an increase in oil prices, due to which export of Soviet oil began to bring huge income in dollars. (Today, we already understand that the low efficiency of economic activities in the Soviet Union will not allow us to intelligently manage unexpected opportunities. A country hooked on an “oil needle” will slow down its scientific and technological development, which will lead to an economic decline in years.)

Israel - because it once again demonstrated the ability of small forces to smash the Arab armies that are many times superior in all parameters. In fact, this victory came at a very high price for Israel. It was the bloodiest war in the history of Israel. It lasted only 18 days, but led to huge human losses. About 2700 people died on the battlefield. Who among the readers has not forgotten the Afghan war, just have to remember what a deep wound 15 thousands of dead were. Imagine that (God forbid!), Then the country would lose a quarter of a million of its sons. So in proportion to the population of Israel, you can compare the losses in this war ...



Witnesses of that war forever remain in the memory of this picture - hundreds of coffins wrapped with Israeli flags on their way to places of eternal rest. Almost a quarter of the population was drafted into the army. Imagine the 35 of millions of Russians who are drafted into the army today ... The industry has almost stopped. GDP fell sharply, consumer goods went up by 25%, inflation crept up ...

Somewhere in February, protest rallies began in Israel 1974. Dissatisfaction with the government in the country was great.


Protest. The inscriptions on the posters: "Who is to blame?" and "Dayan, that's enough."


However, on November 18, 1973, the government authorized the chairman of the Supreme Court, Shimon Agranat



draw up a commission of inquiry that will conduct an investigation and provide the government with a report on decisions taken by military and civilian officials on the basis of information existing on the eve of the war.


Agranata Commission. From left to right: Lieutenant-General (in reserve) Igael Yadin, Judge Moshe Landoy, Chairman of the Commission, Judge Shimon Agranat, State Controller Dr. Yitzhak Nebenzal and Lieutenant-General (in reserve) Haim Laskov.


The commission heard 90 witnesses and received 188 more testimony from military personnel.


Commission hears testimony


1 April 1974, the first preliminary report of the Agranata Commission was published. The commission blamed the unwillingness for war on the leadership of the army and military intelligence.

As a result of the findings of the commission, Chief of the General Staff David Elazar, Commander of the Southern Military District, General Shmuel Gonin, Head of Military Intelligence (AMAN) Eli Zeira and his deputy Arieh Shalev were dismissed. Lieutenant Colonel Bendman, head of Egypt’s department at AMAN (Anaf-6 department) and Lieutenant Colonel Gedaliah, who was in charge of intelligence in the Southern Military District, was not recommended for use in intelligence-related positions.

The commission did not point out any flaws in the actions of Defense Minister Moshe Dayan and Prime Minister Golda Meir. However, the publication of the report reinforced the public outcry caused by a lack of readiness for war, and Golda Meir announced the resignation of the government on 11 on April 1974.

The final (third) report was completed on 30 on January 1975 of the year, however, a significant part of it was subject to publication only after 30 years. The report mentioned that Mossad received a timely warning of Egypt’s intention to attack Israel on October 6, but the military intelligence’s categorical opinion that there would be no such attack had a blinding effect on both the Mossad leadership and the country's political leadership. .

In 1995, the publication of all commission reports was allowed, with the exception of roughly the 50 pages, which remain classified. In 2008, it was decided to remove secrecy from most of the commission’s minutes, which contained testimony from David Elazar, Moshe Dayan, Ariel Sharon, Shmuel Gonen and some other officials. In February 2012, the commission’s report was published on the website of the Israel Defense Forces and Security Systems Archives. (At one time I had a personal conversation with the deputy head of this respected department. When asked if the last unpublished pages of the Agranat report hide some secrets of decisive political importance, he swore to me that these materials are not published solely for ethical reasons. )

12 September 2013 - through 40 years after the Doomsday War - the testimony of Prime Minister Golda Meir was published. The Prime Minister explained to the commission that she was not well versed in military issues. She made a mistake when she refrained from mobilizing reservists, but the Minister of Defense, the Chief of the General Staff and all the ministers were against the mobilization, and she could not come into conflict with the head of the AMAN and the Chief of the General Staff. Meir also noted that she did not regret that she had not made a decision on a preemptive strike against Egypt and Syria, since this would have provoked international criticism and would have jeopardized American military assistance.

At the end of October, 2013 was first declassified and published the testimony of Defense Minister Moshe Dayan of the Agranat Commission. When the commission asked why the reservist mobilization was not announced, he replied that he fully relied on the opinion of the General Staff chief, David Elazar. According to Dayan, the reports of the special services of the Mossad and the military intelligence of AMAN were contradictory, and Elazar believed that by concentrating troops on the border with Israel, Egypt was conducting maneuvers. Accordingly, there were enough reasons to refrain from mobilizing. “If we were the first to do this without sufficient reason, we would be accused of aggression against the Arab countries,” said Dayan. When asked whether he was guided by delaying the mobilization of reservists, considerations of a different nature, Dayan replied:
I relied on him. He is the chief of the General Staff, he is not my personal driver. He should have told me: Mr. Minister, let's mobilize reservists. But he did not say that. And without him, I did not dare to assume such responsibility.


In accordance with the recommendations of the Agranat Commission, the Israeli security services began to pay greater attention to Arab countries and to verify the reliability of the information received. The Center for Political Studies was also set up at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Israel to further assess intelligence, and then the Israel National Security Council was established at the Office of the Prime Minister for a separate consultative government body in the field of security.

Years will pass, and 19 November 1977 of the year at 20 hours of the evening the plane "Egypt-01" will land at Ben Gurion airport. The head of the most powerful Arab state, President of Egypt Anwar Sadat, will step on the Israeli land under the fanfare of the military orchestra. He will personally arrive to invite Israel to make peace. But this, already completely different story ...

Well, that's the end of the publication of a series of articles on the Doomsday War. Judging by the comments, my work was not in vain, and the readers learned facts unknown to them earlier, or expanded their knowledge of facts and events that they already knew. I am grateful to readers for recommendations, suggestions and questions on the topic. I think that I managed to take a lot into account and to give more or less distinct answers to most of them. Perhaps there are still questions, or new ones have appeared. I will answer them, as usual, in working order, in the comments.

Sources:
M. Shterenshis. Israel. The history of the state. Xnumx
ARABO-ISRAELI WAR OF 1973 OF THE YEAR. Chronicle of events on historical documents.
Duke H. Arab-Israeli Wars: From the War of Independence to the Lebanese Campaign. T.2., 1986.
"Forcing the Suez Canal". Saad al-Shazli. 1979. Translation into Russian 2006 year.
Arab-Israeli wars. Arab look. Xnumx
Wikipedia articles, Cyclopaedia etc.
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  1. Same lech
    Same lech 2 March 2018 05: 55
    +7
    intensive training of Arab officers in Soviet military schools paid off - a heavy blow was inflicted on Israel.


    smile Even the layman can see and understand the flaws of the Arab military in this conflict ...
    The complete absence of, above all, competent commanders of senior and middle management ....
    the absence of an intelligence service as such ... ignorance of the enemy’s forces ... ignorance of its capabilities ... ignorance of logistics ... ignorance of the locations of the aviation and fleet bases and much much more ... what reminds us of 1941.
    It is not surprising that the Arabs repeated (as they copied) our mistakes in 1941.
    The article is interesting in terms of how to fight to be defeated in a short time. smile
    1. siberalt
      siberalt 2 March 2018 06: 08
      +4
      And that the Arabs are not killing each other. request
      1. Same lech
        Same lech 2 March 2018 06: 14
        +8
        And that the Arabs are not killing each other.

        Well, the Slavs in UKRAINE are also in the same situation now ... while the peoples are at war with each other, a third party (Anglo-Saxons) removes all the cream from these internecine showdowns.
        1. DMB_95
          DMB_95 2 March 2018 19: 48
          0
          Quote: The same Lech
          Well, the Slavs in UKRAINE are also in the same situation now ... while the peoples are at war with each other, a third party (Anglo-Saxons) removes all the cream from these internecine showdowns.

          The third party (Anglo-Saxons) planned and sponsored all this civil strife. They bite us with strange teeth.
      2. 210ox
        210ox 2 March 2018 06: 17
        +6
        An interesting article. There was no such thing on the site for a long time. And then all the ruins with the Baltic states .. And what do you rank the Jews among the Arabs? Now the God's chosen ones will be pulled up and will begin ..
        Quote: siberalt
        And that the Arabs are not killing each other. request
        1. siberalt
          siberalt 2 March 2018 06: 20
          +9
          This I do not rank, but Klesov on the basis of genetic research. Jews and Arabs came from the same family and their ancestors are common. This is no one disputes. hi
        2. Same lech
          Same lech 2 March 2018 06: 22
          +6
          Now the chosen ones will be pulled up and will begin ..


          smile Well, where do we go without them ...
          what is interesting in the Israeli army were also former Soviet officers using to the fullest the experience and knowledge acquired in the Soviet Army .. there are metamorphoses in life what .
          1. Maki Avellevich
            Maki Avellevich 2 March 2018 08: 32
            +1
            Quote: The same LYOKHA
            what is interesting in the Israeli army were former Soviet officers, using to the fullest the experience and knowledge acquired in the Soviet Army ..


            can you give me more details?
            1. Lex.
              Lex. 2 March 2018 09: 33
              +8
              When I was a former officer, a tanker of the Russian army was at the training camp and after the brigade general recently died, he served in the Red Army
        3. Ingvar 72
          Ingvar 72 2 March 2018 07: 14
          +6
          Hi Dima! hi
          Quote: 210ox
          Now the chosen ones will be pulled up and will begin ..

          The first author will catch up, Alexander Privalov is a man with clearly expressed Zionist views. To make sure, just go over his comments.
        4. BAI
          BAI 2 March 2018 09: 25
          +2
          And that you ranked Jews among the Arabs?

          Not Jews to Arabs, but Arabs to Jews.
          Arabs are the descendants of half the tribe of Dan, which was lost in the desert when Moses led the Jews there in circles.
          Compare the Old Testament and the first volume of the Quran. One to one.
          1. Maki Avellevich
            Maki Avellevich 2 March 2018 10: 02
            +1
            Quote: BAI
            Compare the Old Testament and the first volume of the Quran. One to one.

            you mix religion with nationality / nationality
            1. BAI
              BAI 2 March 2018 12: 50
              0
              I mean that the origin is common. Among related peoples - related (I would write similar, but no such words) religions.
              1. Maki Avellevich
                Maki Avellevich 2 March 2018 20: 48
                +1
                Quote: BAI
                Among related peoples - related (I would write similar, but no such words) religions.


                Christianity is a branch of Judaism. the early non-Jewish Christians were to accept Judaism and only then Christianity. Puritans saved a lot from Judaism, for example circumcision.
                but the peoples are in no way related.
                1. BAI
                  BAI 2 March 2018 23: 46
                  +1
                  What do Christians have to do with it? I’m talking about Arabs - Muslims.
          2. RomanS
            RomanS 2 March 2018 20: 03
            0
            Well, they rather dumped, abandoning the basic Jewish ideology.
          3. zenion
            zenion 5 March 2018 15: 13
            0
            The first son of Abraham was from the Egyptian Hagar, and he named him Ishmael. So, the Jews and Arabs are not just cousins, as they try to sing, but stepbrothers from one father.
    2. Shteffan
      Shteffan 2 March 2018 11: 26
      +2
      What kind of nonsense? LACK OF INTELLIGENCE ... Ignorance of the enemy's strengths ... OPPORTUNITIES ... PLACES OF BASIS OF AIRCRAFT ... FLEET .... AT US ... THIS IS OUR MISTAKES IN 41m ... ?? YOU DEAR WITH WHAT PLANETS? ONLY WHAT ARRIVED FROM MARS? - the most powerful reconnaissance of the world was with Stalin .... three spies. She climbed so deep into the most secret and secret nooks of top-secret materials of all opponents .... that Stalin learned about the successful undermining of the first atomic bombs were earlier than President Truman. many secret materials on the Germans' offensive operations were laid on the Stalinist table earlier than on the table of those people who were supposed to execute them — and these are open facts. YOU ARE A DILETER-UNEARNESS THAT YOU WRITTEN NON-WOMEN !!! GO TO SCHOOL.
      1. Alexey RA
        Alexey RA 2 March 2018 18: 53
        +5
        Quote: Steffan
        the most powerful intelligence of the world was at Stalin ...

        Yeah ... this intelligence in the spring of 1941 three times announced the inevitability of the Reich attack on the USSR and twice canceled this attack. And at the same time, she twice confirmed that before the conclusion of peace with Britain, the Germans would not attack the USSR.
        And what kind of data did this intelligence bring on the OShS and armament of the German army in 1940-1941 ... laughing
        During the attack on France, the Germans used heavy tanks weighing 32 tons, weapons: one 105 mm gun, one 77 mm gun and 4 to 5 machine guns. Team of 7 people. Width is more than 2 meters. Combat speed up to 18 kilometers. A total of 10 motorized divisions (400 tanks) participated in the offensive, of which only 2-3 had 1 regiment of heavy tanks (in the heavy division, 1 regiment of light and medium tanks — 250 units and a heavy regiment — 150 tanks).
        1. Shteffan
          Shteffan 3 March 2018 01: 18
          0
          NONSENSE. SHAPOSHNIKOV IS NOT LIKE STALIN. EXPLORATION REPORT THAT GERMANY IS NOT READY FOR WAR. READ THE NEWSPAPER UNLESS. YOU ARE FULL ZERO THEME.
          1. Setrac
            Setrac 3 March 2018 16: 37
            +1
            Quote: Steffan
            NONSENSE. SHAPOSHNIKOV IS NOT LIKE STALIN. INTELLIGENCE REPORT THAT GERMANY IS NOT READY FOR WAR.

            Zero here you are. The Wehrmacht was mobilized and concentrated at our borders 4.2 million Germans and 1.2 million allies and satellites, which is one and a half times more than the concentrated and western border of the USSR Red Army. Stalin knew this and Shaposhnikov too, another question is that it was impossible to influence the situation.
            1. Shteffan
              Shteffan 6 March 2018 19: 20
              0
              where infa 4.2 million Germans.?
              1. Setrac
                Setrac 6 March 2018 19: 55
                0
                Quote: Steffan
                where infa 4.2 million Germans.?

                Official data, plus or minus a couple of hundred thousand, rather plus than minus.
                1. Shteffan
                  Shteffan 7 March 2018 12: 21
                  0
                  official data of Soviet propaganda. for fools. but not for fools. http: //rubooks.org/book.php? book = 3538 & am
                  p; page = 5
                  1. Setrac
                    Setrac 7 March 2018 16: 22
                    +1
                    Quote: Steffan
                    http://rubooks.org/book.php?book=3538&am
                    p; page = 5

                    Link to Rezun - for complete downs. Well this is how you have to be an oligophile to believe enemy propaganda. Do not take it on yourself, I generally say.
                    1. Shteffan
                      Shteffan 8 March 2018 18: 27
                      0
                      Glory to work !!!! hmm. Whoever reads, he knows that Rezun was digging on the topic of war, and digging thoroughly in the archives, having permission as a scout. And at that time he was not a "traitor" but a faithful Leninist Komsomol member !!! Glory to the Communist Party of the Soviet Union! this is how one should be stubborn, limited by a degenerate-communist-Bolshevik in order to judge by the book without delving into the contents and by the labels hung on the author by the communist-Bolshevik propaganda. Do not take it into your account, at least this is so. Glory to the great October! !!! bully
                      1. Setrac
                        Setrac 8 March 2018 18: 43
                        0
                        Quote: Steffan
                        this is how one should be stubborn, limited by a degenerate-communist-Bolshevik in order to judge by the book without delving into the contents and by the labels hung on the author by the communist-Bolshevik propaganda. Do not take it into your account, at least this is so. Glory to the great October! !!!

                        The fact is that I read both Rezun and his refutants, and you - only Rezun. Yes, I didn’t have to read how they disproved him, all his lies were obvious to me from the very beginning. Having written a bunch of books, he wrote a lot about the poor leadership the USSR had and nothing about the real reasons for the defeat of the forty-first year.
                        Quote: Steffan
                        Glory to work !!!! hmm. Whoever reads, he knows that Rezun was digging on the topic of war, and digging thoroughly in the archives, having permission as a scout. And at that time he was not a "traitor" but a faithful Leninist Komsomol member !!! Glory to the Communist Party of the Soviet Union!

                        Why did he dig there while sitting in America? What the State Department ordered him to write - he wrote, did not investigate anything, but merely customized the facts to the ordered version.

                        Salo dropped
                        Heroam Sala
                      2. yehat
                        yehat 10 March 2018 17: 13
                        0
                        digging thoroughly in the archives, having clearance

                        lies
                        analysis shows that he was not in the archive.
                        most references to sources are from other publications, quotes, and links from other authors. No real document in the archive has marks that Rezun took to read it. Look at his opponents - they scrupulously list his shoals when Rezun quotes other people's mistakes, but claims to read. This is a rare vile brehlo.
                  2. yehat
                    yehat 9 March 2018 18: 59
                    +1
                    you are talking real nonsense. the numerous memoirs of German officers who saw the real readiness of the Red Army completely break all the card houses of Rezun's pseudology, which, by the way, almost do not rely on real facts, but are pure fiction. Moreover, Rezun is actively using forgery - look what they say, for example, in Goblin.
                    And of course, everyone who is not talking about Rezuna, but who studies history using documents, sees the ridiculousness of the books of this liar and the traitor of the Motherland.
                    1. Shteffan
                      Shteffan 9 March 2018 22: 11
                      0
                      so Stalin everyone who said that Germany declared war and that the Soviet Union was preparing to attack hung in Nuremberg. It was for a long tongue, because they said not what was needed, and those generals who spoke and wrote what was needed, despite the crimes, remained hello- manstein, guderian — ALL THEY WRITTEN ONLY ONE: the USSR was weak and did not prepare for war, there were only fools in the generals. and this is not true. YOU WRITE NONSENSE. YOU THINK NOT CRITICALLY. YOU ARE NOT RESPONDING . YOU BELIEVE EVERYTHING. YOU URA_PATRIOT. YOUR LEVEL OF KNOWLEDGE IS BOG. ​​I DO NOT DISCUSE WITH YOU. GO TO LEARN THE LESSONS.
                      1. yehat
                        yehat 10 March 2018 17: 01
                        0
                        Rezun brings to the absurd description of the Red Army, and because it is absurdity, suggests believing the opposite, but it is also absurdity.
                        get it.
        2. yehat
          yehat 5 March 2018 14: 30
          0
          intelligence qualification was that still
          they gave 5 exact dates of the attack on the USSR and did not reconcile them with the cancellation conditions, but it was! For example, due to Italy's failures in Greece, the attack on the USSR was postponed for almost a month. Basically, because of the fragmentation of information, lack of context, there were problems with the analysis of data and their application.
          Above, you described a report about German heavy tanks - a French tank is described.
      2. zenion
        zenion 5 March 2018 15: 15
        +1
        No need to quote Victor Suvorov. He is a big man with the letter "G", except for the word genius.
        1. Shteffan
          Shteffan 6 March 2018 19: 19
          0
          do not judge the opinion of a person by the labels hung on him. this is the level of grandparents. this is me about Suvorov.
          1. Setrac
            Setrac 6 March 2018 19: 56
            +1
            Quote: Steffan
            do not judge the opinion of a person by the labels hung on him. this is the level of grandparents. this is me about Suvorov.

            And on him (Rezun, who is not Suvorov at all) he does not need to hang any labels, but he is a traitor.
            1. Shteffan
              Shteffan 7 March 2018 12: 33
              0
              a traitor is a priori incompetent in war research? in what other areas are “traitors" incompetent ?? only for the communist-Bolshevik cheers- "patriots" a traitor is a comprehensive assessment of a person’s ideas and research work whose opinion does not fit into the official channel of propaganda. Or simply saying: IF YOU CANNOT REFUT, SIMPLY ANNOUNCE THE TRAITOR. And THE TRAITOR WILL NOT WRITE ANYTHING GOOD. THERE IS YOUR GREM PYRAMIDE LEVEL.- -HANGING LABELS IS A TRANSITION TO PERSONALITIES.
              1. Setrac
                Setrac 7 March 2018 16: 23
                0
                Quote: Steffan
                Is a traitor a priori incompetent in war research?

                Exactly so, incompetent.
                Quote: Steffan
                IF YOU CANNOT REFUT, JUST ANNOUNCING A TRADER.

                It has long been refuted, remove the curtains from the eyes.
                1. Shteffan
                  Shteffan 8 March 2018 18: 29
                  0
                  iii .... where where and when ??? what is your evidence ????
                  1. Setrac
                    Setrac 8 March 2018 18: 48
                    0
                    Quote: Steffan
                    iii .... where where and when ??? what is your evidence ????

                    Evidence - for those who see and want to see - the full Internet.
                    I would like to draw your attention to one hundred Suvorov Alexander Vasilievich took an unknown name and glorified it, and Rezun took the surname of a great man so that people believe his lies, and defamed her, vile vile nature - this is your Rezun, like his last ones.
                    1. Shteffan
                      Shteffan 9 March 2018 20: 02
                      0
                      WHERE EVIDENCE ??? DO YOU BRING-NOW LIKE WHERE WHERE THE LINK IS POSSIBLE ?? OR YOUR WORDS ...... HOW DO YOU WATCH FROM THE MOUNTAINS ????
                      1. Setrac
                        Setrac 9 March 2018 20: 30
                        0
                        A link is not only an address on the Internet. Now, if you would like to figure it out - you would simply enter into the search engine - "refutation of the icebreaker" - but you do not want to understand, you need to give a shit about Russia.
                        This question has already been raised on this site with links and evidence - look.

                        Py Sy What proof do you need? Do you need to prove that Rezun is not Suvorov? Or do you need to prove that he betrayed his country?
              2. yehat
                yehat 9 March 2018 19: 08
                +1
                traitor a priori incompetent

                a traitor a priori cannot be taken a word. Have you tried at least one link to a real document? not in the name of the document, but in what is written there?
          2. yehat
            yehat 9 March 2018 19: 01
            +1
            yes what nafig shortcuts ??? you are not conclusions, but did you try to analyze the initial ones?
            He, on EVERY page, either lies directly, or violates the logic in the conclusions, or appeals to the "everyday experience" of the reader, who certainly knows what this or that means.
            sheer lies.
    3. Setrac
      Setrac 3 March 2018 01: 06
      0
      Quote: The same LYOKHA
      It is not surprising that the Arabs repeated (as they copied) our mistakes in 1941.

      "Our mistakes" were repeated by the Jews, defeating a numerically superior opponent.
      Quote: The same LYOKHA
      something reminiscent of 1941.

      Doesn’t remind you of anything. The Germans smashed the Red Army in quantity and not quality, and in the end they lost.
      1. yehat
        yehat 5 March 2018 14: 34
        0
        in the 41st, the Germans had a number of advantages, which made it so difficult - overwhelming quantitative superiority at the border, and logistic, and the location of the Red Army, and management + communications, and quantity, and training and qualitative superiority (light VET, aviation, radio communications, transportation of artillery and infantry, etc.)
        The Red Army had only 2 trump cards in the 41st - a large number of different equipment (which could not be used by more than 15-20%) and the performance characteristics of the latest tanks.
        3 tactical lines of defense were also a small plus (2 disarmed and 1 new)
        1. Setrac
          Setrac 5 March 2018 20: 08
          0
          Quote: yehat
          3 tactical lines of defense were also a small plus (2 disarmed and 1 new)

          The defense lines did not help either the French or the Finns, and were not an advantage for the Red Army.
          1. yehat
            yehat 9 March 2018 18: 52
            0
            however, it was on them that the Germans raked not very badly - both on the Stalin line and on the line of fortifications around Kiev. and on the fortifications near Moscow and elsewhere
        2. Shteffan
          Shteffan 9 March 2018 22: 59
          0
          The Red Army had superiority in people, in aviation, in artillery. The Germans had ALL the art on horseback. We have tracked tractors and cars.
          1. yehat
            yehat 10 March 2018 17: 08
            0
            "ALL" German art used only one of the captured trophies. and English. almost 2000 pieces of wedges, plus about 1500 excellent tractors of their production.
            plus trophy trucks, plus Polish and Czech transport, plus Hungarian wedges, decommissioned engineering tanks, plus armored personnel carriers, which were about 20000, plus some reconnaissance vehicles and armored cars.
            and you're talking about horses ...
            Yes, they had horses, but the Germans had DIFFERENT divisions - were equipped for quick marches. The Red Army at the beginning of the war was able to equip only one mechanized division. The Germans had 7 such and these were divisions that were twice as large as the Soviet.
            1. Shteffan
              Shteffan 11 March 2018 12: 08
              0
              For comparison, in the Wehrmacht's infantry division, where most of the artillery was horse drawn (light 105-mm howitzers were easily transported by teams, and heavy 150-mm howitzers were, unlike our 152-mm M-10, collapsible under the same horse-drawn traction), there were only 62 tractors.http: //alternathistory.com/pogovorim-ob-
              arttyagachakh-rkka-chast1-surovye-realii? page = 2
  2. sergo1914
    sergo1914 2 March 2018 06: 06
    +7
    The author, what is the passage about the victory of the Red Army in the Battle of Moscow? Was she not there? Did I miss something? Did the author teach history from the work of Dr. Goebbels?
    1. Same lech
      Same lech 2 March 2018 06: 11
      +4
      The author, what is the passage about the victory of the Red Army in the Battle of Moscow? Was she not there?

      I think the author just got excited and found an unsuccessful comparison what ... of course, with historical parallels, one must be more careful.
      1. The comment was deleted.
    2. Krasnodar
      Krasnodar 2 March 2018 06: 18
      +7
      The author had in mind that, for propaganda purposes, the Arabs were exposing the 73 year war in importance as a victory of the Red Army near Moscow.
  3. samarin1969
    samarin1969 2 March 2018 06: 42
    +8
    Judging by the actions of the Israeli military leadership, "pre-emption operations", the development of special operations, the development of aviation and various weapons systems, etc. - the Israelis have productively "learned the lessons." It is worthy of respect and study.
    By Russian standards, this is certainly not a war. Maximum - sabotage operations, limited conflict. Russia does not have its own “USA” behind its back.
    ps It is difficult to perceive the author’s pathos about “boats”, “helicopters”, etc. wink
    1. Krasnodar
      Krasnodar 2 March 2018 07: 23
      +7
      Quote: samarin1969
      Judging by the actions of the Israeli military leadership, "pre-emption operations", the development of special operations, the development of aviation and various weapons systems, etc. - the Israelis have productively "learned the lessons." It is worthy of respect and study.
      By Russian standards, this is certainly not a war. Maximum - sabotage operations, limited conflict. Russia does not have its own “USA” behind its back.
      ps It is difficult to perceive the author’s pathos about “boats”, “helicopters”, etc. wink

      I agree about the war at sea, although in the 73rd for the first time electronic warfare systems were used in water battles.
      Today, only Britons with Argentines have experience of a less full-scale modern naval warfare.
      Otherwise, the Doomsday War on the number of tanks, soldiers and planes on both sides of the conflict is the most serious showdown since WWII.
    2. A. Privalov
      2 March 2018 17: 41
      +10
      Quote: samarin1969
      Judging by the actions of the Israeli military leadership, "pre-emption operations", the development of special operations, the development of aviation and various weapons systems, etc. - the Israelis have productively "learned the lessons." It is worthy of respect and study.
      By Russian standards, this is certainly not a war. Maximum - sabotage operations, limited conflict. Russia does not have its own “USA” behind its back.
      ps It is difficult to perceive the author’s pathos about “boats”, “helicopters”, etc. wink

      I understand you. For a man brought up on the history of two World Wars, where the theater of war captured the whole of Europe, including the "boundless expanses" of the USSR, parts of Africa and Asia, at a first approximation, regional wars seem small and even funny. However, if you look at what is happening with a closer look, you can see that the saturation of weapons per km. front, the amount of heavy equipment, strike and bomber aircraft, manpower concentrated on such small areas, air defense density, etc. regional wars are not inferior to many famous battles. As Krasnodar correctly noted, the last major tank battle of the 20 century took place here. It is believed that by the number of vehicles this battle is the largest in the history of tank battles after the Battle of Kursk in 1943. There will be no more such battles in the world. Nowhere, and the tactics of destroying tank fists and wedges today are different. Israel has neither the Volga, nor the Urals, nor Siberia. Accordingly, there is nowhere to retreat, nowhere to transfer industry and evacuate the population, nowhere to take raw materials. In the widest part of Israel from west to east - 120 km, in the longest - from north to south - 400. By area - half of the Moscow region. But Russia does not need to have its own “USA” behind its back; it already has everything. hi
      1. samarin1969
        samarin1969 2 March 2018 18: 07
        +4
        Thanks for the unexpectedly lengthy comment ... hi ... I have always been interested in the experience of the statehood of Israel ... Protecting one’s own interests is simply exemplary !! ... I was surprised only at the "civil" investigation of operations against the Arabs. Whether from stupidity, or for "letting out a pair of public opinion" ...
        1. A. Privalov
          2 March 2018 18: 47
          +7
          Quote: samarin1969
          Thanks for the unexpectedly lengthy comment ... hi ... I have always been interested in the experience of the statehood of Israel ... Protecting one’s own interests is simply exemplary !! ... I was surprised only at the "civil" investigation of operations against the Arabs. Whether from stupidity, or for "letting out a pair of public opinion" ...

          I have the habit of giving clear explanations to my articles. hi If you noticed, Yadin and Laskov, two former chiefs of Israel’s General Staff, took part in this “civil” investigation. The head of the commission, Shimon Agranat, was, at one time, a member of an underground organization who fought against the British during their mandate in Palestine, and not a fighter of the latter. Nebenzal served as an officer in the same organization, and after the creation of the state 20 was the State Controller for years. This is an official in Israel, whose duties include monitoring the activities of the executive branch, state enterprises and institutions, political parties, etc. The State Controller also acts as an ombudsman, examining citizens' complaints about the actions of state institutions. The only truly civilian is Landa. He is the coolest lawyer, the judge of the Supreme Court, the chairman of the court at the Eichmann trial (if you know about whom). So, the commission was serious, all its members with such teeth and very respected people in the country.
      2. RomanS
        RomanS 2 March 2018 20: 07
        +1
        Well, reading the article about how easily the Israelis "defeated" the Arabs on land and at sea, I am genuinely surprised, where did the dead (and not covered by the statistics of the wounded) in the Israeli army?
        1. A. Privalov
          3 March 2018 16: 12
          +2
          Quote: RomanS
          Well, reading the article about how easily the Israelis "defeated" the Arabs on land and at sea, I am genuinely surprised, where did the dead (and not covered by the statistics of the wounded) in the Israeli army?

          You attended only one lecture per semester and want so easy to get a "credit". Will not work. For now, "unsuccessful." read only one article out of six in this series. From here and "sincere surprise".
          Statistics of injuries from various sources: Israel 7500 - 9000, Arab countries 30 - 50 thousands.
      3. Setrac
        Setrac 3 March 2018 01: 12
        +1
        Quote: A. Privalov
        That Israel has neither the Volga, nor the Urals, nor Siberia. Accordingly, there is nowhere to retreat, nowhere to transfer industry and evacuate the population, nowhere to get raw materials.

        However, Israel’s opponents were not “third Reichs” and the army was not “Wehrmachts” at all.
        1. A. Privalov
          3 March 2018 16: 15
          +7
          Quote: Setrac
          Quote: A. Privalov
          That Israel has neither the Volga, nor the Urals, nor Siberia. Accordingly, there is nowhere to retreat, nowhere to transfer industry and evacuate the population, nowhere to get raw materials.

          However, Israel’s opponents were not “third Reichs” and the army was not “Wehrmachts” at all.

          The Wehrmacht never dreamed of the quantity and quality of armaments that the Arabs had. It is not necessary to forget those who stood behind them, and sometimes, and fought in their place. But, as they say, not a number, but a decrease ... hi
          1. Setrac
            Setrac 3 March 2018 16: 34
            +2
            Quote: A. Privalov
            The Wehrmacht did not even dream of the quantity and quality of weapons that the Arabs had.

            The number of veterans that the Wehrmacht had was not to the Arabs. But the Red Army is not the liberty that quantity and quality of weapons that the Heroes had.
            Quote: A. Privalov
            But, as they say, not by a number, but by a decrease ..

            That's right, frames decide everything!
            1. Korax71
              Korax71 8 March 2018 18: 39
              +1
              As for veterans from the Red Army, you obviously got excited. If you considered the issue in more detail since the creation of Israel, then the majority of the military had nothing to do with the Red Army. Of course, there were Soviet veterans, but not in such a huge amount that they could seriously affect anything.
              1. Setrac
                Setrac 8 March 2018 21: 15
                0
                Quote: Korax71
                Of course, there were Soviet veterans, but not in such a huge amount to seriously affect anything.

                Not only the USSR, but also other participants of the Second World War.
                1. A. Privalov
                  8 March 2018 23: 29
                  +1
                  Quote: Setrac
                  Quote: Korax71
                  Of course, there were Soviet veterans, but not in such a huge amount to seriously affect anything.

                  Not only the USSR, but also other participants of the Second World War.

                  The myth of the "Soviet volunteers" who allegedly took part in the Israeli War of Independence was discussed in some detail in several comments on the previous article in this series. If you are interested, you can look:
                  https://topwar.ru/135359-sudnyy-den-perelom-i-zav
                  ershenie-chast-1.html # comment-id-7919079
                  1. Setrac
                    Setrac 9 March 2018 00: 38
                    0
                    Quote: A. Privalov
                    The myth of the "Soviet volunteers" who allegedly took part in the Israeli War of Independence was discussed in some detail in several comments on the previous article in this series.

                    I have not mentioned the "Soviet volunteers" anywhere, you thought of them yourself.
  4. tlauicol
    tlauicol 2 March 2018 07: 55
    +5
    Israel has neither the Minister of Defense or the Prime Minister, a former tanker or commando
    1. BAI
      BAI 2 March 2018 09: 21
      +8
      Therefore, they have the right attitude towards the army in general and to any soldier in particular.
  5. BAI
    BAI 2 March 2018 09: 19
    +3
    1. Well, at the expense of the fleets - not everything is so simple.
    Less successful were the attempts by the Israeli fleet to break the Egyptian blockade of the Red Sea. Israel did not possess the number of missile boats necessary for a breakthrough in the Red Sea. Subsequently, the army leadership regretted its then hindsight. The Egyptians also mined the transport routes of the Israeli fleet. On October 25, the first day after the ceasefire, an Israeli tanker Sirius (displacement of 42 thousand tons) was blown up by a mine and sank. This is the largest ship sunk during the Arab-Israeli wars.
    The total losses of the Israeli fleet are unknown, it is known that 4 boats were destroyed and 1 tanker was lost.

    2. The position of the USSR:
    However, such tricks could not deceive the Soviet leadership. On October 4, after an intelligence report, Foreign Minister A. Gromyko declared: “Oh my god! In two days the war will begin! October 6, Moscow time at 14 o’clock! Egypt and Syria against Israel! .. They have not obeyed us, they are climbing. Why they climb, they themselves don’t know. ”

    One of the senior employees of the GRU General Staff recalled: “... we were not going to punch the table. Like, decide for yourself - this is your business. But we did not correctly calculate the results of both wars. In 1967, the defeat was unexpected for us, and in 1973 the rather successful actions of the Arab armies in the first stage were also unexpected. The Arabs were supposed to be beaten quickly. We distanced ourselves from them in advance. ”
  6. cats
    cats 2 March 2018 09: 44
    +2
    That is, they were two days from the fulfillment of their centuries-old dream .. and such a bummer .. belay
    If I were a Jew, I would also scatter kakushata on the Russian website after that .. wassat
  7. igor67
    igor67 2 March 2018 11: 07
    +4
    Soviet boat at the Haifa Museum, Israeli Saar Museum Haifa Last week I wandered to the Navy Museum in Haifa. I also looked at modern Saar5, were not impressed, the fleet is certainly not our best.
    1. igor67
      igor67 2 March 2018 11: 16
      +5
      several pictures of exhibits. The article is very interesting, informative
  8. glum
    glum 2 March 2018 11: 53
    +3
    along the way, the Jews hit the Arabs in the tail and mane. and the Arabs, in spite of all the power that the USSR provided them, was all.
  9. AntiFREEZ
    AntiFREEZ 2 March 2018 13: 20
    +1
    Good completion of the cycle. Respect to the author! good
    According to the article, the question:
    On October 15 of October 1973, the price of a barrel of oil jumped from 78, 3 dollars to 01 dollars during 5,11 hours, and on January 1 1974 of the year doubled and reached 11,65 dollars.

    Did the Americans consciously go on to worsen their economy for the sake of a future zone of influence on the BV, or did they not trivially calculate the possible consequences?
    1. A. Privalov
      2 March 2018 17: 22
      +2
      Quote: AntiFREEZ
      Good completion of the cycle. Respect to the author! good
      According to the article, the question:
      On October 15 of October 1973, the price of a barrel of oil jumped from 78, 3 dollars to 01 dollars during 5,11 hours, and on January 1 1974 of the year doubled and reached 11,65 dollars.

      Did the Americans consciously go on to worsen their economy for the sake of a future zone of influence on the BV, or did they not trivially calculate the possible consequences?

      Such a massive use of "oil weapons" no one expected. The Europeans instantly imposed in the port and by all means distanced themselves from Israel. The Americans did not give up their friends, although they paid a very high economic price for this. Since then, the United States has maintained a national oil reserve - the Strategic Oil Reserve.
      1. RomanS
        RomanS 2 March 2018 20: 10
        0
        Yes, an open secret who holds the Americans for the "strategic" reserve!
        1. A. Privalov
          3 March 2018 13: 09
          +2
          Quote: RomanS
          Yes, an open secret who holds the Americans for the "strategic" reserve!

          Oh, you are so mysterious ... Please share this secret with the readers. hi
      2. Hottabych
        Hottabych 2 March 2018 23: 59
        0
        It seems to me that the state’s strategic oil reserve is now in Syria. Leaving there, they as a “right” guest fill their mouths with goodies. Perhaps this is the printing of strata. reserves and shale mining? lol
        1. A. Privalov
          3 March 2018 13: 07
          +7
          Quote: Hottabych
          It seems to me that the strategic oil reserve of the states is now in Syria.

          O wise Gassan Abdurrahman ibn Hottab! May the nonsense of stupidity do not touch your ears, may they not obscure your mind and make your thoughts clear! In the pre-war times, Syria, and the Almighty will have mercy on it, mined about 400 thousand barrels of oil per day, of which 80% immediately consumed itself. (For comparison, Libya has 1.4-1.8 million barrels per day, and the entire Middle East produces 28.5 million bar. per day, global consumption up to 89 million bar. in a day). In the United States, yes, their years will extend their high, strategic oil reserve is almost 700 million barrels. In other words, oh the wisest, this is all Syrian oil to the last drop in 5 (five!) Years of intensive production. With your stock The United States can feed the whole world for a week. hi

          For those interested in:
          Syria is not a transit hub for the export of oil, there are no modernly equipped oil ports, although earlier there they pumped Iraqi oil through an oil pipeline and poured it into a tanker.
          Oil flows around the world from the Middle East go in three directions: through the Arabian Sea to the Asian market or, bending around Africa with access to the Atlantic Ocean, and the last option - through the Suez Canal and across the Mediterranean Sea to European markets.

          The Suez Canal has a capacity for tankers up to 2.5 million barrels per day, today there are about 1.9 million being passed through and there is still a reserve. In this regard, the overlap of the channel with Egypt will bring substantially greater costs in the oil market than problems with Syria.
          More than 80% of cargo ships that go to the Mediterranean Sea do not approach the shores of Syria. A few hundred kilometers near the border of Syria there is a large port in Turkey, which unites oil flows from Iraq and Azerbaijan - Ceyhan Oil Terminal, which has a peak load of up to 2 million barrels per day, but actually makes out about 1.1 million barrels per day.
          In the worst case, if some interventionists and war criminals try to take control of Syria, it will not affect the oil flows in any way. The situation with Egypt is theoretically more intense than with Syria - there the Suez Canal and even Libya were of greater importance (there is production of 1.5 million against today's 50 thousand from Syria).
          1. Setrac
            Setrac 3 March 2018 16: 40
            0
            Quote: A. Privalov
            Syria is not a transit hub for oil exports, there are no modernly equipped oil ports

            Does anyone else think that they are fighting for oil in Syria?
            1. A. Privalov
              3 March 2018 16: 42
              +3
              Quote: Setrac
              Quote: A. Privalov
              Syria is not a transit hub for oil exports, there are no modernly equipped oil ports

              Does anyone else think that they are fighting for oil in Syria?

              As you can see. request
  10. Black joe
    Black joe 2 March 2018 15: 33
    +1
    While Arabs and Jews are on knives
    Middle east resting
  11. A. Privalov
    2 March 2018 17: 47
    +4
    While working on the article I came across an interesting material on the topic. I think that readers will also be interested.
    "1973 year. Soviet pilots in the sky of Syria."
    Did Soviet pilots participate in the October 1973 war of the year in Syria? Who is considered a "combatant"? How and who becomes the Hero of the country? Syria: how was it and how is it related to today? These and other questions are answered by test pilot and military journalist Mstislav Listov.

  12. karish
    karish 2 March 2018 17: 49
    +3
    Great article. thank
  13. Dym71
    Dym71 2 March 2018 19: 45
    +6
    Thank you for an interesting series about the Doomsday War, I would never have thought that material on this subject would go wildly.

    But this is a completely different story ...

    Mr. Privalov, smart reception with reference to the next article love I will definitely read it! hi

    Knowing you as a consistent anti-adviser, I allow myself a little bit of gossip about you. So, reading these lines:
    I myself became an indirect witness of those events. Somewhere in the last days of September 1973 I was sent on a business trip from a city on the Volga to the territory of the Belarusian Military District. There, for almost a month, he was engaged in the installation and commissioning of some equipment in a tiny forest garrison. Having returned to my unit in early November, I did not find any of my colleagues.

    The story from Huberman instantly recalled:
    “It’s probably the year 96–97. A senior Jew, formerly an aviation colonel, enters a permanent residence. He is interviewed by an interpreter, who told me this. And at the interview the official asks,“ Why did you leave from Russia, did you make such a career ?! ” The colonel replies: “Because of anti-Semitism.” The official asks: “But how did it personally hurt you? Still, you have grown to the colonel.” The Jew says: “Look, in the year 73, when there was a war in Israel, our Moscow Region "the squadron was preparing to fly to bomb Tel Aviv. So, imagine, they didn’t take me!"
    1. A. Privalov
      3 March 2018 13: 35
      +5
      Yes, Dym71, in every joke there is a joke share ...

      Approximately six years before the events described in my articles —11 of May 1967, all Arabic-speaking translators who were part of the USSR military delegation in Egypt were ordered to appear at the Soviet Embassy in Cairo.
      In an interview that one of the translators subsequently gave to a Russian newspaper, he told:
      That he and his comrades were sent to the port of Alexandria, and from there they were transferred to a Soviet warship cruising in the waters of the Mediterranean Sea opposite the shores of Israel. “We knew for sure that they would drop us off in Haifa or just north of it, so that we could communicate with the Arabs of Israel, who, we were told, "Eagerly" waiting for us "


      Yury Kh. In those days bore the rank of lieutenant and served on one of the warships of the USSR.
      3 On May 1967, the ship was ordered to leave the Baltic Sea and join the USSR Naval Forces, which included submarines and headed for the Mediterranean.
      “Immediately after the declaration of war, the captain ordered me to recruit thirty" volunteers "from the team," said X. "I had to give them the order to land on the coast of Israel. Approximately the same teams were recruited on all thirty Soviet ships that cruised in the Mediterranean. In total, it was about a thousand people. In addition, one landing ship - about forty tanks - and, possibly, an infantry battalion stationed on one of the ships was to take part in the capture of Israel. ”
      “Our task was to disembark at the port of Haifa,” H. recalls, “but what were we supposed to do there — I'm with a gun, and sailors with Kalashnikov machine guns?” We were told: “Get off and be guided by the situation. Throw grenades and destroy the enemy. ” But the grenades that we had were meant to fight submariners, and not to fight on land. ”
      However, morally Soviet soldiers were ready to carry out this order. “Then everything was different,” says X., “I believed in the holiness of the Red Banner and in the inviolability of the officers' oath. It was, in our understanding, a just war: impudent Israelis attacked the poor Arabs, and we had to teach the Israelis a lesson. This is me smart now. ”

      "The air force will help you," promised X. and his team. “How were pilots supposed to identify us while in the air?” - he sarcastically asks today. - We had no intercoms or signal rockets - nothing at all. The port of Haifa is quite small, and if our Air Force had really come to our aid, they would have wiped this port into powder with us. ”
  14. Molot1979
    Molot1979 4 March 2018 08: 18
    +1
    The series of articles came out interesting and informative. But everyone spoils the author’s attacks on the USSR, stupid and in fact absolutely incorrect (by no means the drop in oil prices led to the collapse of the country) and the apparent reluctance to understand the Arabs. Yes, they ultimately lost the war, but compared to other Arab-Israeli brawls, they acted very successfully at the initial stage, which allows them to declare “victory”. Let even in quotes. Still not a disgrace to the Six Day, lost in three days. In general, the author’s position is too pro-Israeli, which does not allow him to see at least some positive points in the Arabs and their Armed Forces.
    1. A. Privalov
      5 March 2018 23: 00
      +1
      Quote: Molot1979
      The series of articles came out interesting and informative. But everyone spoils the author’s attacks on the USSR, stupid and in fact absolutely incorrect (by no means the drop in oil prices led to the collapse of the country) and the apparent reluctance to understand the Arabs. Yes, they ultimately lost the war, but compared to other Arab-Israeli brawls, they acted very successfully at the initial stage, which allows them to declare “victory”. Let even in quotes. Still not a disgrace to the Six Day, lost in three days. In general, the author’s position is too pro-Israeli, which does not allow him to see at least some positive points in the Arabs and their Armed Forces.

      Apparently, you did not read all the articles in the series. All the advantages and advantages of the Arab armies were described there. In the Six Day War, the Arabs lost your way to the 3 of the day. In this, in my opinion, for 10. What is there such a "pro-Israel". Please explain.
  15. raif
    raif 4 March 2018 12: 33
    +1
    Urya to captain Smolett! oh i.e. - to the author and the Jews! from year to year the number of descriptions of top-secret operations of Jews is growing. even the Jewish warriors themselves did not write in memoirs about the blown up bridge; to describe with their love for each of their "heroes" is somewhat strange. and after 15-20 years they’ll write that they stole a rocket right from the launch pad in Baikonur (for the great lovers of accuracy and “couch military” I’m recovering right there - at TURATAM!) and thanks to this they built their spaceport. and especially pleased with the figures of losses and those called up at the IDF - a lope of strained tragedy and unnecessary pathos in the lines of the author. we had the Great Patriotic War. however, thanks to such authors, the “Great Zion's Truth” will soon emerge - in the Second World War the Jews won, well, the Anglo-Squires were in the wings, where were they. maybe it's time to become full-fledged sites and not print such articles? Or are afftors paid for the number of bukoffs? there are much more documentary articles on the same - without unnecessary snot, etc.
    1. Professor
      Professor 11 March 2018 21: 28
      +4
      Quote: raif
      Urya to captain Smolett! oh i.e. - to the author and the Jews! from year to year the number of descriptions of top-secret operations of Jews is growing. even the Jewish warriors themselves did not write in memoirs about the blown up bridge,

      Have you read many of these memoirs? Do you own Hebrew? So ...

      The case of Mofaz is quite famous. Mofaz (a native of Iran) personally remembered me as the chief of the General Staff (the country's highest military figure) went on Saturday to visit his daughter at the KMB base. At the checkpoint, his other soldier did not miss because he did not have a pass to the base. The chief of the general staff turned and left. fellow

      Your further verbal diarrhea does not make sense to comment.
  16. Kostadinov
    Kostadinov 6 March 2018 12: 14
    0
    The strategic mistake of the Arab rulers of that epoch that they wanted to end the war where Israel was much superior to them - in aviation, in tanks, etc.
    If they were able to realize and use the experience of Korea and Vietnam, then the permanent war in the region could have long been a thing of the past.
    1. A. Privalov
      6 March 2018 13: 01
      +1
      Quote: Kostadinov
      The strategic mistake of the Arab rulers of that epoch that they wanted to end the war where Israel was much superior to them - in aviation, in tanks, etc.
      If they were able to realize and use the experience of Korea and Vietnam, then the permanent war in the region could have long been a thing of the past.

      To do this, they would first have to grow such jungles in Israel as in Vietnam or Korea. This is to make it where to hide and partisan. In the bare, rocky and waterless desert, such as 2 / 3 of the territory of Israel, you will not fight very well permanently. hi
      PSK To a word, you never wondered - why the hell did the Arabs have this tiny piece of land without water, without oil, and so on. Minerals?
      1. GUGA
        GUGA 6 March 2018 16: 38
        0
        Indeed, why do they need these lands? Please do not remind the number of Arabs and Jews in these lands before the first Aliyah? And after the fifth? And why were the British forced to accept the “White Book 1939”?
        1. A. Privalov
          6 March 2018 17: 15
          +3
          Quote: GUGA
          Indeed, why do they need these lands? Please do not remind the number of Arabs and Jews in these lands before the first Aliyah? And after the fifth? And why were the British forced to accept the “White Book 1939”?

          Question to the question? Are you Jewish? And how many Russians were in the Kuril Islands before 1945? And in Koenigsberg?
          The British were afraid of the Arabs like fire. However, they understood that the Jews should be afraid even more. So they tried, at least somehow, to get rid of the Balfour Declaration.
          If it were only this piece of land ...
          Arabs have 23 countries with a territory somewhere 13 million square kilometers. What is 650 more than Israel?

          When there is a matchbox on the football field (Arab countries) (Israel), but they tell us, give the other half a box and everything will be all right and peace will come in the Middle East, forgive me for laughing. hi
          1. Setrac
            Setrac 6 March 2018 19: 58
            0
            Quote: A. Privalov
            Question to the question? Are you Jewish? And how many Russians were in the Kuril Islands before 1945? And in Koenigsberg?

            Many, initially it was the Russians who lived there.
          2. stone
            stone 6 March 2018 20: 26
            +2
            The most interesting thing is that for decades it was the left-wing western party in conjunction with the Arab regimes that has been imposing this point of view on the world community. In fact, dozens of Arab countries, vast territories, even full of oil and gas. Well, give this tiny piece of land to those who are ready to cultivate, cherish it and cherish. And doing it by the way is very good!
          3. GUGA
            GUGA 7 March 2018 14: 39
            +1
            White Book 1939g. only confirmed the Balfour Declaration. But the Jews at that time already wanted much more than what was said in the Declaration. The British were not afraid of anyone, especially the Arabs. They very cruelly suppressed attempts of indignation at the relocation of Jews, up to outright cruelty - they equated whole Arab quarters with the land. They were not afraid of the Jews either. They needed the support of the Zionists of the whole world. On this the Jews and played. Britons ruined their frank greed and confidence that they are the most cunning.
            This conflict will NEVER end. No one asked the Arabs for their opinions. Just thrown out of their homes, where they lived for generations.
            Modern Israel is not exactly what the Jews want. That Israel, which they see in their plans, will be more. And everyone understands this.
            1. A. Privalov
              7 March 2018 15: 06
              +2
              Quote: GUGA
              White Book 1939g. only confirmed the Balfour Declaration. But the Jews at that time already wanted much more than what was said in the Declaration. The British were not afraid of anyone, especially the Arabs. They very cruelly suppressed attempts of indignation at the relocation of Jews, up to outright cruelty - they equated whole Arab quarters with the land. They were not afraid of the Jews either. They needed the support of the Zionists of the whole world. On this the Jews and played. Britons ruined their frank greed and confidence that they are the most cunning.
              This conflict will NEVER end. No one asked the Arabs for their opinions. Just thrown out of their homes, where they lived for generations.
              Modern Israel is not exactly what the Jews want. That Israel, which they see in their plans, will be more. And everyone understands this.

              Oh, yes you throw fantasies. Who and whom did I ask in 20-e / 40-e of the last century, cutting Transjordan, Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Saudi Arabia from the remnants of the former Ottoman Empire? There are no "ancient" states. All solid "remakes". Egypt stands alone. Everything else, according to the apt expression of the Egyptian president - "tribes with flags." Israel made its last land acquisitions 50 (fifty, Max!) Years ago, and 90% of them had long since been given to Egypt and Jordan under peace treaties. The conflict here is not due to territorial claims. And what is it all, as you say, understand? Never mind. No.
  17. Kostadinov
    Kostadinov 7 March 2018 16: 46
    0
    Quote: A. Privalov
    Quote: Kostadinov
    The strategic mistake of the Arab rulers of that epoch that they wanted to end the war where Israel was much superior to them - in aviation, in tanks, etc.
    If they were able to realize and use the experience of Korea and Vietnam, then the permanent war in the region could have long been a thing of the past.

    To do this, they would first have to grow such jungles in Israel as in Vietnam or Korea. This is to make it where to hide and partisan. In the bare, rocky and waterless desert, such as 2 / 3 of the territory of Israel, you will not fight very well permanently. hi
    PSK To a word, you never wondered - why the hell did the Arabs have this tiny piece of land without water, without oil, and so on. Minerals?

    1. All the same, 1 / 3 territory is not a bare desert. This is a lot of and this part of Israel must also be defended.
    2. Always this question asked myself. Honestly, I always beat sympathy for Israel. A small modern state that explodes among hostile and reactionary neighbors. I think that the main problem of Israel is that it went to an alliance with the United States a pillar of world reaction. From there, permanent war in the region. But this is my answer. maybe a bit I'm wrong.
    1. A. Privalov
      7 March 2018 22: 50
      +2
      Quote: Kostadinov

      1. All the same, 1 / 3 territory is not a bare desert. This is a lot of and this part of Israel must also be defended.
      2. Always this question asked myself. Honestly, I always beat sympathy for Israel. A small modern state that explodes among hostile and reactionary neighbors. I think that the main problem of Israel is that it went to an alliance with the United States a pillar of world reaction. From there, permanent war in the region. But this is my answer. maybe a bit I'm wrong.

      1. Suppose (do not bring Gd!) The invaders attacked your country. How many do they navigate in the area between Varna and Burgas? What "permanent" war there can be waged? This is for you to imagine what 1 / 3 of Israel is.
      2. Will you agree with me that small countries almost always follow in the wake of a country's big politics? What was left for Israel to do when the state created by idealistic socialists with the support of the communists, already preparing to rush into the arms of the Best_Drug_Fizkulturnikov, suddenly saw with horror a sharp rise in state anti-Semitism: the murder of Mikhoels, the execution of the Anti-Fascist Committee, the Shlansky process, the Doctors' Path and other repressions directed Jews in the USSR?
      By the way, the state of Israel 20 years from the date of creation, until 1967, no reliance on the USA. I even wrote a special article on this in the VO: "American Aid to Israel: When, How, and Why?"
      https://topwar.ru/120541-amerikanskaya-pomosch-iz
      railyu-kogda-kak-i-zachem.html
      1. The comment was deleted.
  18. The comment was deleted.
  19. Korax71
    Korax71 8 March 2018 19: 07
    +1
    Alexander, welcome! I read the whole series of articles with pleasure. I’m very fascinating. I’ll definitely wait for new even more interesting and informative ones. I don’t agree with some comments on the article regarding the bias of your presentation style. From my bell tower and based on the material I came across, I don’t see anything reprehensible. But it seems to me that in the relations between the USSR and Israel, the former didn’t bet a bit on those. But there’s nothing to be done request
    1. A. Privalov
      8 March 2018 23: 33
      +2
      Thanks for the kind words, Korax71. Do you have any questions about this war, or other Israeli military?
      1. Korax71
        Korax71 10 March 2018 15: 39
        +1
        My regards hi in fact, there are a lot of questions. I’m not even able to formulate all of them at once. But many of your articles and articles of the professor found out. I’ve just told you that many of our sources are rather biased or one-sidedly cover events. I have such a plan? Do you write an article about the actions of special units to counter the hostage taking and the actions of Hamas and others. You wrote about the seizure of the Syrian command, very informative. I would like to read the coverage on your part well, or some source.
        1. A. Privalov
          10 March 2018 16: 41
          +2
          Quote: Korax71
          My regards hi in fact, there are a lot of questions. I’m not even able to formulate all of them at once. But many of your articles and articles of the professor found out. I’ve just told you that many of our sources are rather biased or one-sidedly cover events. I have such a plan? Do you write an article about the actions of special units to counter the hostage taking and the actions of Hamas and others. You wrote about the seizure of the Syrian command, very informative. I would like to read the coverage on your part well, or some source.

          In the plans I have stories about the fight against terror. Just the other day I'll post an article on this topic. hi
          1. Korax71
            Korax71 10 March 2018 17: 26
            +1
            That is great good We will follow. At the time to subscribe to your articles yes
  20. Shteffan
    Shteffan 9 March 2018 18: 46
    0
    Quote: Setrac
    Yes, I didn’t have to read how they disproved him, all his lies were obvious to me from the very beginning. Having written a bunch of books, he wrote a lot about how bad the USSR had leadership and nothing about the real reasons for the defeat of the forty-first year.

    Glory to Moscow heroes! It’s immediately clear that you did NOT read the books of this “enemy of the people”, glory to Moscow Bolsheviks, because in his books he praises the Soviet ingenious commanders, the Soviet military-industrial complex (modern aviation, the best tanks, the latest artillery systems, mechanization, parachute corps) Comrade Stalin and his brilliant ideas (although he hates him), his charisma. His book is an ode to Soviet military power, well, if you read between the lines filtering epic hyperbole about tens of millions in the camps and shot. It’s just that your emotion crushes and bombes the fart here you are, hell-a traitor, an enemy of the people !!!! AND ALL ITS BOOKS ABOUT WAR ON THE BEGINNING PERIOD AND ALL ARGUMENTS AS ONCE AGAIN ABOUT THE REASONS OF THE DESTRUCTION. If you don’t see it, then you don’t want to see it, the emotions blur your mind, you didn’t read. The person who read it will NOT write. and write me the disproved Suvorov, I will familiarize yourself, please.
  21. Shteffan
    Shteffan 9 March 2018 19: 58
    0
    Quote: Setrac
    Why did he dig there while sitting in America? What the State Department ordered him to write - he wrote, did not investigate anything, but merely customized the facts to the ordered version

    in fact, he was sitting and sitting in Britain. did you keep a candle when the state department ordered him to? - delirium of an inflamed brain. I read this nonsense and I have a stable impression that you generally didn’t read anything. A NOTE ABOUT THE TRAITOR AND FROM THEN BJOLA DO NOT GO.
    1. Setrac
      Setrac 9 March 2018 20: 35
      0
      Quote: Steffan
      I READ THIS DIRT AND I HAVE A SUSTAINABLE IMPRESSION WHAT YOU DO NOT READ AT ALL

      Dear, Rezun did not start sculpting his derma yesterday, everything has been read, refuted and forgotten for a long time.
      If you need a refutation, just tell me which particular statements you need to refute, and you just prove an abstract vacuum, and I can’t refute anything because you don’t affirm anything.
      I repeat once again - you must voice some Rezun’s statement so that it can be refuted, and no one will refute the spherical horse in a vacuum.
  22. Shteffan
    Shteffan 9 March 2018 22: 21
    +1
    Setrac,
    I don’t need to go to Russia. You are a romantic. A dreamer. Do you think the history of Russia is some noble accomplishments and pure thoughts ??? Do you think a little dirt ??? Do you think it is not there ??? You are mistaken. There is enough shit there. And you need to have the courage to admit it. you don’t have it, like most ordinary people. you hysterically shout that everything is clean like a monk’s sheet. you deceive yourself. you live in illusions. you are in the house. it's just a baseboard. should I go down to it ???? go where you went. and you balabol. no links? ? neher tryndet. curtain.
    1. Korax71
      Korax71 10 March 2018 15: 15
      0
      Be careful in the statements. Here about courage and illusions you are completely in the hole. Here is only one trouble that the flag of your country is like a red rag for a bull. You will just be spat, you will remember the juntas and so on, although no one will remember that from 800k to a million Soviet people fought in the ranks of the Wehrmacht. and everyone will weave with Galicia and Nahtigal, in which it’s good if 25k of staff are typed. And as for the cutter, then everything is not so simple. Most likely the truth is somewhere in the middle between him and Krivoshein. Yes and that then to prove the best way, to achieve something now. Intelligence has come to me that it seems like you, even your external debt began to decline? If so, then everything will be normal. good here, even irrefutable arguments are not evidence.
  23. Shteffan
    Shteffan 9 March 2018 23: 01
    0
    Setrac,
    who denied Suvorov? surname. book.
  24. Shteffan
    Shteffan 11 March 2018 09: 53
    0
    yehat,
    discard the link. where is the information?