According to our tradition, we list all the ships of these classes listed in our naval navy December 1, 2015
Patrol ship project 01090 "Sharp-witted" - 1ed.
Upon entry into service, it was considered a large anti-submarine ship of the 61 “Komsomolets Ukraine” project, which with a certain stretch makes it possible to attribute it to the class of destroyers (at least at the time of its appearance). Standard displacement (before modernization) - 3 440 t, speed - up to 34 knots (in young years), armament - 2 * 4 PU UCR missile, 2 * 2 LAW Wave, 1 * 2 76 AK-726 , 2 RBU-6000, 1 five-pipe 533-mm torpedo tube.
Ships of this type have become, if not revolutionary, then at least landmark for the Soviet Navy. Before them, the fleet included only artillery destroyers built according to principles dating back to World War II, and even the 57-bis missile was nothing more than a modernization of the pure 56 squadron destroyers.
But the BOD project 61 developed from scratch, and the saturation of electronics and rocket weapons left 57-bis far behind. In addition, a fundamentally new power plant, the gas turbine, was applied to them, thanks to the characteristic sounds of the work of which the BOD of this project received the nickname “singing frigates”. At the time of its appearance, these were modern and very formidable ships, whose combat capabilities roughly corresponded to the American counterparts - the Charles F. Adams squadron. In total, 20 BOD of the 61 project was built in the USSR, they all joined the ranks of the Soviet Navy in 1962-1973, and Sharp-witted, the last of them, who managed to live to this day.
There is no doubt that today the ship of the 61 project looks like a museum rarity and in order to preserve at least some military significance, BOD Smetlivy has been modernized. Without a doubt, its sonar complex "Titan" has long been obsolete. Therefore, instead of aft 76-mm installation and helipad (hangar on the ships of the project 61, unfortunately, was not available), a complex of non-acoustic detection of MNC-300 submarines with an 300-meter towed antenna sensing the thermal, radiation and noise signal of the submarine was installed. In addition, instead of RBU-1000 installed two launchers PKR "Uranus", added all this new radar and jammers. All this, of course, did not return the ship to youth, but still in conflicts, as it is now accepted to say, "low intensity", "Sharp-witted" is a certain danger - and not only for his crew. The new submarine detection complex in combination with long-range 533-mm torpedoes made the "Sharp-witted" not unprotected against enemy submarines, at least those that can be expected to be found on the Black Sea. Eight "Uraniums" are able to destroy an enemy frigate or a pair of missile boats. Two ancient air defense missile systems with launchers of a beam type in modern naval combat are practically useless, but a single “land” aircraft or helicopter will probably be able to drive away. Of course, it would be nice to change them to modern “Pantsiri”, with which the ship’s air defenses would reach a fundamentally new level. But "Sharp-witted" was put into operation in 1969, and 49 (forty-nine!) Years old is about to hit it, so no doubt the ship has long had time not for modernization, but for peace - one can only hope that the leadership countries will find the money to make from the last "singing frigate" ship-museum.
BOD project 1134B "Kerch" - 1 units.
"Kerch" in 2017 g
Standard displacement - 6 700 t, speed up to 32 bonds, armament: 2 * 4 PLUR "Rasrub-B", 2 * 2 SAMs "Storm-N", 2 * 2 SAMs "Osa", 2 * 2 76-726-4 6 * 630 * 2, 5 * 533 AK-2, 6000 * 2 1000-mm torpedo tubes, 25 RBU-XNUMX, XNUMX RBU-XNUMX, Ka-XNUMX helicopter in the hangar.
The idea of building large anti-submarine ships arose after the emergence of American "city killers" - American nuclear submarines with ballistic missiles, capable of delivering nuclear strikes on the territory of the USSR from a distance of 2-200 km (Polaris firing range of various modifications). They tried to assign the task of destroying the enemy SSBNs to the surface fleet by building sufficiently large ships with the latest and sufficiently powerful sonar systems, as well as powerful air defense, since they had to operate in the domination zone aviation the adversary.
Despite the fact that such ideas were more than doubtful (outside the range of their own aviation, no anti-aircraft missile systems could ensure the combat stability of the ship group), to implement them, one of the most successful and beautiful ships of the USSR was created - BN of the 1134A project. Their development was the BOD project 1134B, built in the number of 7 units, of which only “Kerch” lived to 2015 g. However, it was already clear then that the ship would never return to service: the thing is that in November 4 2014 r during an overhaul, after which Kerch had to change the missile cruiser Moscow as flagship of the Black Sea Fleet ( it was RKR’s turn to be repaired), a large fire broke out, severely damaging the BOD stern compartments.
The restoration of the BOD, which at that time had "knocked" 39 for years, was considered irrational. Yes, it really was: modernization, during which the outdated PLUR “Metel” was replaced with “Rastrub-B”, and the “Storm” air defense system brought to the modification “Storm-N”, of course, increased the ship’s combat capability, but the old hydroacoustic equipment does not allow Kerch to successfully deal with the latest submarines. GAS "Titan-2", installed on this BOD, found (as far as you can understand - 3-generation boats) at a distance of no more than 10 km, which, of course, is not enough, and even today the US Navy actively replenishes with 4-th generation Atarin .
After the fire, Kerch was transferred to the reserve, where it acted as the floating headquarters of the Black Sea Fleet and the training ship of the submarine, and the only question was whether to dispose of the ship or to keep it as a naval museum. In 2016, there was information about the removal of turbines from Kerch, and their transfer to the Ladny TFR (1135 project), but whether this was done is not known to the author of this article. According to the latest data (October 2017 d) “Kerch” will still become a museum, although it is not yet possible to say exactly which year it will happen.
On this list of "old men" among the destroyers of the Russian Navy ends, and we turn to the ships that form the basis of our "torpedoes" fleet - this is the BN of the 1155 project and the destroyers of the 956 project. These BOD and the destroyer are united not only by the fact that they were created for joint actions with each other, but also by the fact that they both “grew” from the projects of the ships of a completely different purpose.
956 Destroyers - 8 units
Standard displacement = 6 500 t, speed - up to 33,4 knots, armament - 2 * 4 PU KCR "Mosquito", 2 * 1 PU ZRK M-22 "Hurricane", 2 * 2 130-mm AK-130, opt-nyxyntyearyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyuyuyk by phone -mm AK-4, 6 / 30 630-mm torpedo tubes, 2 RBU-2, Ka-533 helicopter in a telescopic hangar.
History The creation of the 956 destroyer began when it became clear that the fleet's artillery ships — the destroyers of the 56 project and the light cruisers of the 68-bis project are aging, and the time when they should “retire” is not far off. At the same time, the task of fire support for the landing of the landing force continued to be relevant, and this required no less than the 130-mm artillery system. The development of a new type of ship began on the basis of a decree of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the USSR Council of Ministers No. 715 — 250 of 1 of September 1969 of the year, but it will become a destroyer later, but for the time being it was about a ship of fire support of the landing force, which was charged with:
- suppression of ground small targets, as well as objects of antiamphibious defense, clusters of manpower and enemy military equipment;
- fire support of airborne and anti-cobber assault forces in the landing area and at sea crossing;
- the destruction of surface ships and airborne assault vehicles of the enemy, together with other forces of the fleet.
It was assumed that the newest ship will be used primarily as part of the landing squad.
In order for the ship to perform tasks “in the main profile,” work began on creating the most powerful automatic two-gun 130-mm AK-130 installations capable of providing a rate of fire up to 90 shots per minute. The artillery cellar was completely mechanized, including the supply of ammunition, so the AK-130, in fact, was a fully automated system.
However, the further development of this project was greatly influenced by the appearance in the US Navy of the first universal destroyer of SPM, the Spruens, which received good sonar equipment, anti-submarine and anti-aircraft missiles, 127 artillery systems, 20 mm Vulcan Falans and 324- mm torpedo tubes, as well as two anti-submarine helicopters, which, however, could also use the AGM-119 Penguin anti-ship missiles. The Spruences did not carry any other anti-ship weapons initially, but were later equipped with the Harpoon anti-ship missiles.
In the USSR, they could not create a universal ship in the displacement of the destroyer - in principle, our armament counterparts were usually more powerful (for example, the Blizzard "Metel" had a range to 50 km, ASURC PLUR, at that time to 9 km), but when attempting to combine them in one ship, its displacement exceeded any limits imaginable for the destroyer. Therefore, the leadership of the Soviet Navy was inclined as a result to the idea of two specialized ships, which would have to act together and have combat qualities superior to those of the Spryens pair of destroyers. Such a pair was to be formed by the destroyer of the 956 project and the BOD of the 1155 project. At the same time, the destroyer was assigned the tasks of anti-ship warfare, air defense and support of airborne assault forces, and the BOD was assigned to anti-submarine warfare and “completed” air targets that broke through the medium-range air defense missile system installed on the destroyer.
In accordance with the above, in addition to the two AK-130 installations, the 956 project destroyer received two Uragan air defense missiles with missiles using a semi-active homing head, which required the use of specialized radar lights. There were six such radars installed on the 956 destroyer (on the Ticonderoga cruiser - 4, on the Arly Burk destroyer - 3) and, in general, the Uragan was proven to be quite reliable weapons. The destroyers installed launch for eight Moskit supersonic anti-ship missiles, which had a range of 120 km with a low-altitude trajectory and 250 km with a high-altitude flight profile. At the time of its appearance (and a very long time - after), these missiles were an ultimatum weapon, because the US Navy did not have anti-aircraft complexes capable of reliably intercepting low-flying supersonic missiles. In fact, before adopting the RIM-2004 ESSM missile system in 162, the attack of the “Mosquitoes” could only have been possible by electronic warfare. The only (but very significant) disadvantage of the “Mosquitoes” was the relatively short range of use, which provided for the destruction of enemy strike groups from the tracking position, but did not allow them to get close to the carrier group after the start of the war. The leadership of the Russian Navy understood that under the domination of the enemy’s aviation, issuing DDs for the use of “Mosquitoes” even on 120 km would become a problem and tried to solve it by placing over-target targeting systems on destroyers of the 956 project. Accordingly, the complex “Bridge” was installed on the ships, which included a passive radar station, the KRS-27, an electronic reconnaissance station and an information exchange system that allows you to receive external target designation, as well as the Mineral complex, which included not only a passive, but an active radar channel, able (under certain conditions) to detect surface targets beyond the horizon.
Of course, such an abundance of anti-ship, anti-aircraft and "anti-personnel" weapons left no room for any serious anti-submarine equipment. The destroyer of the 956 project was installed by the Platinum-S GAS (from the sixth hull - Platinum-MS), the only advantage of which was compactness - in normal hydrological conditions, he could in theory detect a submarine 10-15 km from himself, but the distance guaranteed detection did not exceed 1-2 km, and in practice there were more than once situations when a boat was visually observed from a destroyer, but the HAS did not hear it. Four torpedo tubes and RBU were a weapon of self-defense of the ship.
Usually, our ships are blamed for the absence of a normal CICS, which could consolidate information from the means of lighting the situation and ensuring target distribution between the means of destruction. On the 956 project destroyers, these functions were performed by the Sapphire-U BIOS. Unfortunately, the author does not have any information about the capabilities of domestic CBSs and cannot compare them with the American Aegis, but according to Y. Romanov, who commanded the destroyer “Fighting” in 1989-1991:
“The tasks of the combat information control system at EM Ave 956 are performed by an automated calculating and solving system (modernized tablet)“ Sapphire-U ”, dealing with issues of mutual information binding. Information about the air situation "Sapphire-U" receives from the RLC "Fregat", on the surface situation - from two navigation radar "Vaigach" MP-212 with three antenna posts and one NRS "Volga". The CICS, as it should be, is connected with the OMS (computing complexes) AK-130 and AK-630, as well as with the KMSUO 3Р-90 with the ARP complex of the Uragan system. "Sapphire-U" fully ensured the execution of destroyer tasks. Of course, the destroyers ’s CUs differed from the larger-scale CIUs for anti-submarine and aircraft-carrying ships:“ Root ”—1134 Ave.,“ Lumberjack ”—1155 Ave., or“ Alley ”and“ Alley-2K ”1143 Ave (I call those I studied and worked on). But there the tasks of the ships are completely different. I, as commander of the destroyer Ave 956, "Sapphire-U" quite satisfied. "
Separately, I would like to mention the living conditions of the crew: in addition to a few showers on the destroyers of the 956 project, there was also a sauna, and in addition - a library, a cinema hall, and even a prefab pool. Living and working spaces of the vessel are equipped with air conditioning. In this regard, the destroyers of the 956 project have made a giant step forward compared to the artillery ships of this class of the Soviet Navy.
In total, the Russian Navy received 17 ships of this type, and three of them went into service after the collapse of the USSR. We can say the following about them - in general, and taking into account the construction of the BNP of the 1155 project, this was quite an adequate response to the American Spruences, which were laid out in the USA from 1970-1979 and joined the fleet from 1975 to 1983. But then the Americans proceeded to the construction of much more sophisticated destroyers of the Arly Burk type, the great advantage of which was the versatility and vertical start installations, which allow varying ammunition according to the requirements of the problem to be solved. Despite some (and very serious) flaws, Arly Burk was significantly superior to the destroyers of the 956 project. The first American destroyer of the new (and, let's not be afraid of this word, revolutionary type) was laid in 1985 g, but the USSR did not have time to give an adequate answer, continuing to pawn the ships of the 956 project until 1988.
Despite the fact that the destroyers of the 956 project were not the best ships of their class in the world, they still remained extremely dangerous sea fighters, and taking into account possible upgrades they would not lose their relevance today. However, this type of ship was "killed" even before the head destroyer "Sovremennaya" found its shape on the stocks. Destroyers of the 956 project destroyed the boiler-turbine power plant (KTU).
The fact is that on our large anti-submarine ships, unpretentious in operation and very reliable gas turbines (GEM) were widely used. Initially, they wanted to be installed on new destroyers, but a number of reasons arose to prevent this.
First, the USSR launched the largest shipbuilding programs and the main supplier of gas turbines - the South Turbine Plant - could not cope with an abundance of orders. Secondly, the steam turbine production of the Kirov Plant (Leningrad) would be doomed to idle time. Thirdly, fuel oil or even crude oil, on which KTU could work, cost the country cheaper than diesel fuel. And besides, as it was then believed, the creation of a KTU with direct-flow boilers with extremely high characteristics was on the way.
In principle, everything could have turned out, but summed up the nuance: the new boilers turned out to be extremely demanding on the quality of feedwater, including oxygen content, but the designers could not ensure the efficient operation of the water treatment plant. As a result, the 956 project destroyer boilers quickly broke down and the ships, in any other respect, were menacing fighters, were tied to the mooring walls.
As we said above, on 1 December 2015 r we had eight ships of this class. In the Northern Fleet there were “Graemy” and “Admiral Ushakov” - a recycling tender from the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation was announced in 2016 on “Graemy”. As for the "Ushakov", then in the same 2016 g and earlier, according to RIA "News”, He repeatedly participated in various kinds of exercises, and fortunately, he“ did not intend to retire ”. But it draws attention to the fact that all the exercises involving “Admiral Ushakov” were conducted in the waters of the Barents Sea. That is, despite the enormous need for warships capable of serving off the coast of Syria, sending the last northern destroyer of the 956 project was not considered possible, which indicates the unreliability of its power plant.
In the Baltic, served as "Restless" and "Insistent", with the first in December 2016 r stood at the dock to turn into a ship-museum. The “insistent” is today the flagship of the Baltic Fleet, but even it is, in fact, a limited fit for battle, perhaps even less combat-ready than the Admiral Ushakov. Since 2013 r is continuing ship repair, this does not prevent it from participating in the fleet events from time to time, but the destroyer last went to 1997 g for the last time (to the IDEX — 1997 exhibition in Abu Dhabi).
The remaining four destroyers of the 956 project were in the 2015 g as part of the Pacific Fleet. "Fighting" with 2010 g is located in the sediment in the bay of Abrek and, obviously, will go out only for recycling. "Fearless" was put into the reserve of the 2 category back in 1999. Officially - for repairs, but in fact it is already clear that it will never wait for this repair. "Stormy" - under repair from 2005 g on "Dalzavod", as of 2017 g, the higher ranks of the fleet cannot decide whether to continue this "repair" or to announce the preservation of the ship. It is quite obvious that all three of the above ships will never return to the Russian Navy.
Another thing - the destroyer "Fast".
This ship regularly participates in the fleet exercises and periodically achieves high results: for example, in 2013 g the ship turned out to be the best in the championship among the ships of the 1 and 2 ranks of the Russian Navy. In 2015-2016, he participated in Russian-Chinese exercises, went to the Indian Ocean, visited Vietnam and Indonesia, and also (inaccurately) India. Probably, “Fast” is currently the only destroyer of the 956 project capable of performing combat missions without restrictions (or with minimal restrictions).
Large anti-submarine ships of the project 1155 - 8 units.
Standard displacement - 6 945 t, speed - 30 bonds, armament: 2 * 4 PLUR "Rasrub-B", 8 * 8 PU ZRK "Dagger", 2 100-mm AK-100, 4 * 6 X-CHUMNX , 30 * 630 2-mm TA, 4 RBU-533, X-NUMX helicopter Ka-2 and hangar for them.
The history of the creation of these ships began with the fact that the leadership of the Russian Navy wanted to save the BOD of the 1135 "Vigilant" project (they became guard ships only in 1977 g)
from the two main inherent flaws. The fact is that there was no hangar and a helipad on the Vigilant, and, in the fair opinion of the sailors, the anti-submarine ship simply had to carry a helicopter. The second problem was that the ships of the 1135 project carried very powerful and long-range anti-submarine weapons - the PLUR "Metel" with a range of rocket-torpedoes 50 km, (later - "Rastrub-B"), but did not have a sonar complex capable of detecting enemy submarines at such distances.
Initially, it was assumed that an “improved 1135” with a hangar for a helicopter and a modern HAC could be created in a displacement of up to 4 000 tons. But the appearance of the monstrous “Polynom” (the equipment of this sonar complex weighed about 800 tons) and the need for “competition” with the newest American destroyer Spryens led to a certain increase in displacement, the replacement of the initial Osa air defense system with the latest Dagger at that time, and so on.
In total, a dozen ships of the 1155 project were built in the USSR, and as of 1 December 2015, we had eight BODs of this type - four each in the Northern and Pacific fleets. Of these, six ships of the 1135 project - Severomorsk, Admiral Levchenko and Vice-Admiral Kulakov in the north and Admiral Pantelev, Admiral Tributs and Admiral Vinogradov - are actively serving in the fleet. Far East. All of the above ships are operated extremely intensively, showing the Russian flag in all the oceans of the planet. Another BOD of the Pacific Fleet, Marshal Shaposhnikov, with 2016 g, is under repair at Dalzavod, during which the modernization of radio-electronic equipment and the installation of the Uran anti-ship missiles is also carried out. There is no doubt that the ship will return to service, the only question is when exactly this will happen: February 16 2018 r a fire occurred in one of its superstructures. However, according to the tone of reports about this incident in the media, the fire did not cause severe damage.
But the eighth ship of this type - BOD "Admiral Kharlamov"
most likely, he will not be able to return to the Russian fleet. With 2004 g, the ship is in the technical reserve, but the problem is that during the repair it needs to replace the engines, which are simply nowhere to get. Today, this ship, apparently, is fully technically sound (except for the power plant) and serves as a stationary training ship.
1155.1 Admiral Chabanenko Large Anti-Submarine Ship - 1 units.
Standard displacement - 7 640 T, speed - 30 bonds, armament: 2 * 4 PU KKR Moskit-M, 8 * 8 PU ZRK Kinzhal, 2 ZRK Dagger, 1 * 2 X-NXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXNXX 130 130 ZNKX 2 * 4 PU PLUR “Waterfall”, 2 PU RKPTZ “Udav-1” (RBU-12000), 2 of Ka-27 helicopter, hangar.
In principle, the construction of the destroyers of the project 956 and the BOD of the project 1155 led to the fact that the two ships of these types would be at least equivalent to the two destroyers Spryens operating in pairs. And indeed - in the part of the strike weapons, the Spruences did not carry anything at first, and then, according to the 8, the Harpoon anti-ship missiles, but even in this case, the 8 salvo, “Mosquitoes,” was more dangerous than the Harpoons. However, in fairness it should be said that in a duel situation and a Soviet connection, it would be extremely difficult to repel the attack of the XGNUMX "Harpoons". In the antisubmarine part, the approximate parity is a very powerful “Polynom” + 16 long-range PLUR “Rastrub-B” with a dozen 16-mm torpedoes that looked more solid than the Spryens GAS and a combination of PLUR ASROK and 8-mm torpedoes. But the situation was leveled out by the fact that the Spruences couple had 533 quality GUS, while the Platinum-M destroyer of the 324 project no one would dare to call good, in addition, two Spryens had together hangars on 2 helicopters, against 956 helicopter and heliport of the Soviet ships. With the support of the landing force, the two AK-4 units, due to their fire performance, would have had an advantage over the four 2-mm cannons of the Americans, even without taking into account the BOD, and the 130-mm Soviet artillery systems were also long-range. On the other hand, after installing UVP on the Spryuns, they were able to carry the Tomahawk cargo ship — nothing like the BN of the 127 project and the destroyers of the 130 project did not have. Soviet air defenses were significantly more powerful, since the two “Uragan” SAMs with 1155 missiles and the 956 “Dagger” SAM “apparently surpassed the aggregate“ Si Sparrow ”48 SAM with two“ Sprouns ”. Subsequently, however, “the Spruences received a vertical start installation, which increased their ammunition to 64, the ZUR and PLUR cells, and then the Spruences took the lead, but the Soviet air defense systems still exceeded them qualitatively. The situation could be corrected by long-range missiles "Standard", but the Spryuans did not have guidance systems for these missiles, so they were not located on these destroyers. The eight AK-48 metal cutters also outperformed the Falunks 61.
But all this was good in theory, but in practice the “pair” from the BOD of the 1166 project and the destroyer of the 956 project could not be formed - the combat task needed to be solved by those ships that are currently at hand. Despite the theoretical advantages, the “twin-ship” system did not justify itself, and without universalizing launchers it was impossible to create a universal ship of moderate displacement. Therefore, an attempt was made, if not to create a universal ship, then at least to eliminate the main complaints about the composition of the weapons of the BOD project 1155.
At a meeting with the Commander-in-Chief of the Soviet Navy Admiral S.G. According to Gorshkov, the absence of anti-ship armament (although theoretically Rastrub-B could also be used against surface targets), weakness of anti-aircraft armament and artillery were the main complaints regarding the results of the operation of the BOD data. As a result, the 1155.1 project was created, which received the AK-130 pairing instead of two "weave", instead of the starting "Rastrub-B" - the same number of starting "Mosquito". The torpedo tubes were adapted for use by the Waterfall rocket-torpedoes, so the ship did not lose its “long arm” in the fight against enemy submarines. In addition, the new BOD received a more advanced SJC "Star-2". The old RBU-6000 was replaced with the latest at the time "Boa" (RBU-12000). The anti-aircraft armament was also strengthened - the place of the four AK-630 metal cutters was taken by two Dagger SCRAs.
In general, the designers of the USSR turned out to be a fairly successful ship, much more versatile than the BOD of the 1155 project or the destroyer of the 956 project. But his Achilles heel remained the absence of medium-range and long-range air defense missile systems, without which its air defense capabilities were severely limited. It can be said that the BNC of the 1155.1 project (and it’s about him) was a transitional type to ships armed with UVP for anti-ship and anti-aircraft missiles, and much more advanced than the BOD of the 1155 project. In total, two such ships were laid, the order for one more was canceled, and only the head Admiral Chabanenko was added. The ship serves in the north, but is currently under repair, from which, according to some, no earlier than 2020 will come out.
So, what do we have "in the dry residue"? As of 1 December 2015, we had 19-class destroyer ships (large anti-submarine ship), of which Kerch, five destroyers of the 956 project and one BOD of the 1155 project were not on the move and would never return to service. Out of the remaining 12 ships, one (“Sharp-witted”) has already earned all reasonable time, two destroyers of the 956 project have limited combat capability related to the problem power plant (Admiral Ushakov and the flagship BF “Persistent”), two BOD of the 1155 project and 1155.1 are in long repair.
Thus, to date, “for the march and battle ready,” we have as many as 8 class destroyer ships, including the ancient “Stingy”, six BOD of the 1155 project and the Pacific “Fast” and plus 2 of the 956 project’s “limited fit” destroyer. On the four fleet, please note.
This, of course, is regrettably small, especially since all these ships are equipped with “middle-aged” equipment and weapons, which were considered modern in the 80s of the last century. Age, of course, gradually takes its toll: all the destroyers of the 956 project and BOD entered service during the 1981 period of 1993 and, apart from Admiral Chabanenko, transferred to the fleet in 1999 g, it is from 25 to 37 years.
Without a doubt, in the next decade, “Reckless” will go “to rest,” and also, very likely, all the destroyers of the 956 project - the unsuccessful KTU will “finish off” them completely, and there’s no reason to change it The costly modernization of elderly ships no longer exists. Most likely, the oldest of the currently existing BOD 1155, Vice Admiral Kulakov, will also go for scrapping, since in 2021, he will be “banged” for forty years. Accordingly, of today's dozen of more or less efficient ships, by the end of the 20 of the current century only the 6 BOD of the 1155 project, whose age to 2030 g will be from 39 to 45 years, and the BOD of the 1155.1 project Admiral Chabanenko, which 31 will be the year. That is, in fact, to 2030 g, our destroyers, with the exception of the only BOD of the 1155.1 project, will turn into rarities like “Sharp-witted” today.
“What is going to replace them?” - the reader will ask: “The author has always described the current state of the fleet and the prospects for its construction, and here it’s already the end of the article, but there’s not a word about new ships.”
With new ships, everything is simple. They are not. Totally.
The widely advertised destroyers of the project “Leader” have already “grown up” to the 17 000 ton displacement. In essence, these are missile cruisers, and the author of this article will be happy if we “have enough powder” to replace the RNR of the 1164 Atlant project and two 1144 Orlan TAKRs in a one-to-one ratio (although it is hard to believe in it). But in any case, the "Leaders" have nothing to do with the class of destroyers. There is still some hope that frigates of the Admiral Gorshkov type will add displacements, and they will eventually become full-fledged destroyers, but ... so far there is no talk of laying ships like these at all - even their project does not yet exist.
Well, we will talk more about this in the next article on the frigates of the Russian Federation ...
Previous articles of the cycle:
Russian Navy. Sad look into the future
Russian Navy. A sad look to the future (part of 2)
Russian Navy. Sad look into the future. Part of 3. "Ash" and "Husky"
Russian Navy. Sad look into the future. Part of 4. "Halibut" and "Lada"
Russian Navy. Sad look into the future. Part of 5. Specialty boats and this weird EGSONPO
Russian Navy. Sad look into the future. Part of 6. Corvettes
Russian Navy. Sad look into the future. Part of 7. Small rocket
Russian Navy. A sad look into the future: a mine-catastrophe