Military Review

Northern Sea Route - only for Russia

79



For ten months, 2017 passed through the Northern Sea Route to transit 28 ships. Approximately as many passes through the Suez Canal in 10 hours.

The global freight traffic bypasses the Northern Sea Route. What is the likelihood that the “northern gate” will ever open for full-fledged two-way transit between Europe and Asia?

If you do not take into account the populism and loud statements of officials, the attractiveness of the Northern Sea Route (SMP) for foreign operators continues to decline, which affects the dynamics of transit freight traffic. In the period 2013-2014. the volume of transit traffic on the SMP decreased in 4 times (from 1,3 million to 300 thousand tons); over the next year, 2015, it has shrunk another 10 time.

The 2016 year showed slightly better results (210 thous. Tons), which have since remained at the same level (194 thous. Tons over the 2017 year).

Such sharp fluctuations are associated with a limited number of vessels passing through the NSR, where the cancellation of several flights has a significant impact on the statistics. In the best peak year in terms of 2013, when pirates of Africa were still rampant, there were no sanctions, no second channel of the Suez Canal, and the cost of oil exceeded $ 100 per barrel, the 71 passed through the Northern Sea Route. Daily indicator of Suez.

Low results are a consequence of obvious difficulties of a geographical, technical and legal nature. The shortest path is not the easiest. And not too short.

Speaking about the advantages of transit cargo via the NSR, the distance between Murmansk and Japanese Yokohama is usually given as an example. In this case, the passage through the SMP is obtained twice as short as through the Suez Canal.

Northern Sea Route - only for Russia


This, to put it mildly, slyness. If we are talking about the transit of goods, then the main producer and consignor in the modern world is China. Import - raw materials. Export is a continuous flow of goods. The main consumption zone is Western Europe. If we calculate the distance between the world's largest container terminals of Shanghai and Rotterdam, we get 8 thousand miles via the NSR or 10,5 thousand miles through the Suez Canal.

The difference is only 20%, while the traditional route runs along densely populated areas. Along the way there is a huge number of large ports and places of unloading (Singapore, Malaysian Port-Klang, Alexandria, Marseille), which provides a more flexible and efficient logistics of cargo movement.

The long lines and fees for the passage of the Suez Canal are the realities of international shipping. But how free is the NSR? With passing ships there is a fee. Otherwise, why provide international carriers with the opportunity to use the northern route? The icebreaking fee does not cover the costs of maintaining the icebreaker fleet.


Second channel of the Suez Canal, construction completed in 2015


Money loves stability. Payments and the sequence of passage through the Suez Canal are confirmed by payment transactions and vessel schedule. Passing through the NSR is fraught with unpredictable circumstances. Last year, the Vasily Golovnin diesel-electric ship, heading from Arkhangelsk to Sabetta, spent 8 days waiting for an icebreaker. As a result, the economic effect of his flight was lower than the calculated one by 30%. During the summer navigation season of 2017, there was a large accumulation of icebergs in the Vilkitsky Strait and on the approaches to it, between the 95 ° E meridians. and 122 ° E, which, according to official data, was a problem for shipping.

Unpredictable delays, pilotage gathering and insurance risks in no way contribute to lower transaction costs. As for the need for icebreaking support, this item is generally beyond good and evil: these are the harsh conditions of the Arctic. "It is impossible to get used to the cold, it can only be tolerated."

Experts voice eloquent figures. The SMP tariff for bulk cargo transit is in the range of $ 20-30 per ton, while transportation along the traditional “southern” route, via Suez, costs the customer $ 5. In the past, the profitability of transit through the NSR was ensured thanks to high oil prices. Saving 10-15 of days justified the high cost of delivery, allowing you to increase its volume. At present, the transportation of hydrocarbons between the European and Asian markets along the Northern Sea Route has become simply unprofitable.

There is an unresolved communication infrastructure issue. In the polar regions, above 70-75 ° N.N. None of the listed satellite operators Inmarsat, Thuraya, GlobalStar works. Due to the high geomagnetic activity in polar latitudes, there are failures in the operation of navigation systems.

Severe cold and glaciation pose a threat to the malfunctioning of deck machinery.

Most of the way along the Arctic coast there are no ports and settlements. Foreign operators are concerned about the problem: who, if necessary, will be able to come to the rescue, how to survive in the extreme conditions of the Arctic zone during an accident on board?

Currently, there is no single legal regime in the Arctic Ocean. There are no fixed rules of the Arctic shipping (due to the lack of shipping itself in those regions as a mass phenomenon). There are only general recommendations for enhancing safety and preserving the nature of the Arctic. According to the opinion of the specialists of the International Maritime Organization (IMO), additional training of the vessel and its crew is required for the passage in the ice, which inevitably entails an increase in transaction costs. Ship equipment with fully enclosed lifeboats, ice navigation preparatory courses for navigators, etc.

Despite these difficulties, every year a couple of dozen desperate ships still go in transit through the NSR. For what reason do they choose the northern route?

He does not carry Chinese goods to Europe. From time to time orders are received for the transfer of marine assets for direct work in the basins of the Barents and North Seas. Examples include the posting of the Norwegian icebreaker “Tor Viking”, the stage from Sakhalin to the Murmansk icebreaker “V. Stryzhov ”or distilled from Singapore to Varandey by a tug“ Toboy ”in the interests of Lukoil OJSC. Such operations are random in nature and cannot become the main source of business.

There have been cases of transportation of containerized cargo from China to ports on the Arctic coast (Dudinka, Tiksi) and shipments of seafood from Kamchatka. Transportation of iron ore concentrate from Kirkenes (Norway) to the ports of the PRC. Nevertheless, the main part of the turnover has the expected format. On paper, “Silk Road”, in practice - oil products and gas condensate.

The overwhelming share of transit cargoes on the route of the NSR is a consignment of hydrocarbons destined for the countries of the Asia-Pacific region. Thus, in August 2017 of the year, the Russian gas carrier Christophe de Margerie made its first commercial flight, delivering a consignment of liquefied natural gas (LNG) from Norway to South Korea. It is emphasized that the flight was made without icebreaker escort, and the speed of delivery broke all previous records. The route was completed in 19 days, of which the 6,5 day gas carrier was in Arctic waters.



Outside the bounds of officialdom remained the fact that “Christophe de Margerie” is a unique vessel, a representative of the world's only series of gas tankers of icebreaking class Arc-7, intended for operation on the NSR. During his first voyage in some areas, “Christophe de Margerie” was forced to overcome ice fields with a thickness of 1,2 meters. The independent movement of ships of conventional design in such conditions is technically impossible.

By itself, the concept of developing the SMP as a “profitable” territory, earning extortion from passing ships, is deeply flawed. We do not live in the XV century. You can not just sit and wait for the weather by the sea in the hope of casual income. The same Singapore, using its advantageous geographical position, began with the fact that it built the world's largest container terminal, a transit point with a turnover of 20 million containers per year. Thereby maximizing profits and increasing their own attractiveness among competing ports in the region.

The Northern Sea Route is not Suez or Singapore. The attractiveness of this route is small due to its unfavorable climatic conditions and the general remoteness from the areas of primary production and consumption.

Russia needs the Northern Sea Route not to serve Chinese imports, but to provide for its own transportation needs. This is indicated by the continuously growing domestic cargo transportation of the SMP, whose figure for the end of 2017 reached 9,7 million tons. Another 797 thousand tons of cargo was transported by river vessels (according to the Federal Agency for Maritime and River Transport).

Domestic shipments between the ports of the NSR water area exceed the transit value fifty times. The main and only reason for the revival on the route of the Northern Sea Route today is the ongoing projects in the field of raw materials production.


Sabetta is an arctic port on the western coast of the Ob Bay of the Kara Sea. Built within the framework of the Yamal LNG project for the extraction of natural gas in the Yamal Peninsula


The article used materials from the sites:
http://morflot.ru
http://rareearth.ru
http://regnum.ru
http://if24.ru
http://ruskline.ru
http://будущее-арктики.рф
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  1. Esoteric
    Esoteric 27 February 2018 06: 11
    +30
    I love the plans of our bulk ... yes I never cease to be amazed at the attraction "Unheard of generosity" held which year due to the "generous financial maintenance" of a large part of the population. How awesome it is! fellow Sochi 2014 for $ 50 - for Sochi residents? for the Rotenberg brothers and the Bilalovs? FIFA World Cup for the team or for the fans? How great it is to spend several times more at a government expense than to make a profit. fellow Ah, sorry! I forgot about the idea and moral satisfaction. NSR - for Russian icebreakers! The Vostochny Cosmodrome is for Roscosmos! fellow 1 rubles - additional capitalization of banks! fellow Chubais - Rusnano! fellow Serdyukov with Vasilyeva - Rostec! fellow ... People eventually got a life expectancy of 72, 4 years, an alleged increase in the retirement age, taxes and vegetables of the Cabbage family in vegetable oil ... fellow Thank you, dear (because it costs us a lot) rulers! fellow fellow wassat
    1. g1v2
      g1v2 27 February 2018 08: 35
      +27
      You still let a tear come and about pregnant pensioners push a river, you're not good for ours. laughing Prepared a new training manual for the election? Well done. good Maybe some intellectual bites your verbal diarrhea. fellow
      1. myobius59
        myobius59 27 February 2018 13: 22
        +17
        And what are you dropping up here ?, the man spoke out, and ON MATTER. And I REPEATED from you all over. fool
        1. Russia
          Russia 27 February 2018 14: 23
          +14
          Quote: myobius59
          And what are you dropping up here ?, the man spoke out, and ON MATTER. And I REPEATED from you all over. fool

          Behave with dignity, otherwise they arranged a chemical attack on the forum.
          1. Vladivostok1969
            Vladivostok1969 27 February 2018 14: 57
            +7
            But Esoteric is 100% RIGHT sowing the sea, the path is not necessary and not important, at least economically. Which of you was at sea in December and struggled with icing. You can do this on a small fisherman. It is useless to do this with a merchant ship with a displacement of 10000 tons .
            1. GAF
              GAF 27 February 2018 15: 44
              +16
              Quote: Vladivostok1969
              But Esoteric is 100% RIGHT sowing the sea, the path is not needed and not important, at least economically. Which of you was at sea in December and struggled with icing

              There have been, have been and "fought" with icing. We do not need an SMP. It is more profitable to carry cargo from Murmansk to Kamchatka through Suez. And the Arctic, with its 40% hydrocarbon reserves and coast, where the "horse has not yet lounged" among its riches, is not needed. Unless in the concession of transnational corporations or the Chinese pass. Then we will live richly. This is just "mean pays twice." And then we are generous.
              1. Vladivostok1969
                Vladivostok1969 27 February 2018 16: 04
                +11
                The crew of the tanker is 16 people, the cargo deck area of ​​the smallest tanker is 1.5-2 football fields. Plus the neck of the tanks, plus pipelines, plus the bridge. I realized that you have been and fought. hi
              2. Retired2012
                Retired2012 1 March 2018 04: 44
                +2
                GAF, and what cargo goes from Murmansk to Kamchatka-fish and seafood? So there is plenty of it here ...... Fruits and vegetables from China .... Nothing to bring from Murmansk ....... And about 40% of hydrocarbons and don’t tell us, on the mainland not everything was explored and pumped out .. ...
    2. vovanpain
      vovanpain 27 February 2018 09: 03
      +23
      Quote: Esoteric
      Thank you, dear (because it costs us a lot) rulers!

      Yes to health, eat do not slap! yes
      Russia does not need the Northern Sea Route to service Chinese imports, but to provide for its own transport needs

      This paragraph is specially highlighted in the article for you, but you don’t care, you either have to yell or sarcasm at the level of kindergarten, but you don’t know the ability to think and analyze (this quality distinguishes humans from animals by the way), except for silly jokes and slogans nothing, sadness is trouble. request
      1. GAF
        GAF 27 February 2018 15: 53
        +8
        Quote: vovanpain
        apart from stupid jokes and slogans, there is nothing, sadness is trouble.

        Before the election, crawled out of the cracks. Absolutely dirtied IN EXCRA .....
    3. rotmistr60
      rotmistr60 27 February 2018 09: 24
      +18
      Esoteric ...

      There are a lot of letters, even more smaliks, and as a result, the usual "all gone" liberal chatter. Elections would be faster, otherwise one would be tired of reading all sorts of tricks of the "progressive public" who do not want to be next to the "cattle" who does not understand anything.
      1. Hunter 2
        Hunter 2 27 February 2018 10: 30
        +16
        Quote: rotmistr60
        Esoteric ...

        There are a lot of letters, even more smaliks, and as a result, the usual "all gone" liberal chatter. Elections would be faster, otherwise one would be tired of reading all sorts of tricks of the "progressive public" who do not want to be next to the "cattle" who does not understand anything.

        Here's how easy it is to get into the category of both liberals and lyso-loops on a site! Well, a man expressed his opinion, and why? Why should it match yours? And why, not coinciding, immediately becomes “liberal chatter”? Why move on to insulting opponents? Is this your constructive dialogue?
        We drive ourselves into the Bathhouse by gluing labels to others. I, too, disagree with the previous author, but apparently, my upbringing is enough to respond to his numbers with numbers, not insults.
        Yes there is one more way out - I do not like it (I'm sick of it) do not read !!!
        1. vovanpain
          vovanpain 27 February 2018 10: 37
          +10
          Quote: Hunter 2
          but apparently - my upbringing is enough to answer his numbers - to answer with numbers, not insults.

          You have a Colleague of both mind and thinking enough to answer with numbers, not empty slogans and stupid sarcasm, but about insults and labeling, I fully share your point of view, although now everyone sins with this. hi
        2. rotmistr60
          rotmistr60 27 February 2018 10: 39
          +8
          Well, a man expressed his opinion,
          I also expressed my opinion about the comment. What is the problem? You, too, expressed yours, purely radical
          Do not like (sick) do not read !!!
          This is by the way about your "upbringing".
          1. Hunter 2
            Hunter 2 27 February 2018 10: 54
            +6
            Quote: rotmistr60
            Well, a man expressed his opinion,
            I also expressed my opinion about the comment. What is the problem? You, too, expressed yours, purely radical
            Do not like (sick) do not read !!!
            This is by the way about your "upbringing".

            Well, what is the radicalism of my comment? In the call - do not offend the opponent? Well then - Yes!
            Well, about education .... good I suggested that you not comment on the comments you didn’t like, but skip it and write yours on the topic of the article! As an intelligent and educated person. And there will be to you - happiness and respect!
            1. rotmistr60
              rotmistr60 27 February 2018 11: 01
              +5
              If you didn’t like my comment, so why didn’t you miss it, as a man brought up (in your words)? Regarding radicalism, I specifically, for you, cited your quote.
              1. Russia
                Russia 27 February 2018 14: 31
                +10
                Quote: rotmistr60
                If you didn’t like my comment, so why didn’t you miss it, as a man brought up (in your words)? Regarding radicalism, I specifically, for you, cited your quote.
                “They themselves do not know what they want,” and the style of presentation in the article, obviously provocative, hence a healthy reaction hi
    4. turbris
      turbris 27 February 2018 11: 55
      +10
      Esoteric - wrote frank stupidity and probably satisfied with himself? I just don’t understand why I should contemplate such revelations of an inflamed brain on the site? Maybe first, before writing, some need to undergo a medical examination and very carefully - with a psychiatrist.
      1. Vladivostok1969
        Vladivostok1969 27 February 2018 15: 04
        +5
        Before going to sea, everyone passes a medical commission. A psychiatrist is also there. Here you go there. Have you seen the sea?
    5. krops777
      krops777 27 February 2018 12: 00
      +3
      Thank you, dear (because it costs us a lot) rulers!


      And let's not build anything, but there will be enough money for everyone. bully amery and their minions will be very happy.
    6. Army soldier2
      Army soldier2 27 February 2018 15: 03
      +3
      Quote: Esoteric
      I love the plans of our bulk ... Thank you, dear (because we are expensive) rulers!

      I always said, until the General Staff and the Government begin to equip VO visitors, we will not see victory!
    7. Salx
      Salx 28 February 2018 01: 33
      +4
      girls, got to be scorched. 20-21 stars for comments of a certain direction, and at the very beginning of comments .. they did not care, made a "rating", jumped on
  2. Mar.Tirah
    Mar.Tirah 27 February 2018 06: 26
    +12
    Why are our "friends" overseas so worried if the NSR is not profitable? Howled at all levels, and crowded to stake out their sections of the Arctic? Do you first understand why all these infrastructures are being built in the Arctic? First of all, FOR YOURSELF, for the development of these regions. And with a future perspective. Only a distant person will not see them.
    1. siberalt
      siberalt 27 February 2018 06: 59
      +12
      NSR on any need to post for Russia! Not everything is measured by momentary profit. winked
    2. Uncle lee
      Uncle lee 27 February 2018 07: 27
      +8
      Quote: Mar. Tira
      And with a future perspective

      In the USSR, the Arctic began to develop in the 30s!
      1. Mar.Tirah
        Mar.Tirah 27 February 2018 08: 37
        +11
        I completely agree. But then there was no such technical opportunity as now to do it. Scientifically, technological progress dictates its own rules for the development of such territories. Especially in terms of natural resources. In addition, infrastructures for its safe existence have long been created along the entire NSR on the coast. all these times worked. Shelter ports, the necessary supply of fuel, food, weather stations, ice reconnaissance, communications. Was it all. Does the author have a terrible idea of ​​those parts? You just need to develop and supplement, and not count the pennies from income, and monitor how many foreigners passed by
        1. Uncle lee
          Uncle lee 27 February 2018 08: 52
          +6
          Then the NSR was mastered for the development of the north and the Far East. Then it was necessary for the country. And now there’s a commercial approach to everything, that's why passing ships count.
          1. Mar.Tirah
            Mar.Tirah 27 February 2018 09: 02
            +5
            Exactly! Therefore, the title of the article is such. I noticed your name of the ships PAROHODS .. Familiar terminology. I called it the same. I also found wheels, steamboats, old commanders, captains, stokers, I saw everything. And it passed to me, even the Comet, Meteora called . Inspired !!!!!!!!
            1. Uncle lee
              Uncle lee 27 February 2018 09: 38
              +8
              On my avatar, the ship "Felix Dzerzhinsky" I worked on it in 68-69. The legendary ship!
              1. Vladivostok1969
                Vladivostok1969 27 February 2018 15: 11
                +3
                I also visited the Pole and I know what it is. You probably did the northern delivery. And I did it. But the northern delivery and planting the sea are two different things. You must understand this. The article notes the absence of repair and storage facilities. conditions of the north is triple important. The Ministry of Emergencies on this road you will not wait.
    3. Twodi
      Twodi 28 February 2018 23: 53
      +5
      The North is our strategic object in every sense. And hydrocarbon reserves and from a military point of view. But they are building there only to pump and sell. Our people are not interested in our government. Example Far East. I am from the Primorsky Territory. Remember these many slogans about the development of the Far East, about the new capital of Russia in Asia and so on and so forth. Somewhere since 2011. What has changed??? Nothing, they built 3 bridges, a university and 1 gas pipeline and 1 oil pipeline and those are all for China, Korea and Japan. There is no development, people like 10 years ago fled from the Far East and now they are running, and this trend has not slowed down even for a second. Look at the official figures they are in the public domain. On average, there are 25000 people per year, and this is only in the Primorsky Territory, and we have only 1 here. They need the North as a source of income, but not as much as the development of territories and prospects for the future. If there were no oil and gas, there would be nothing now!
  3. Anyone
    Anyone 27 February 2018 08: 57
    +12
    The article provides a sober assessment of the approach to the commercial capabilities of the NSR. Perhaps after the construction of the port in Indigo (this is approximately in the middle between Sabetta and Murmansk) and the laying of a railway and gas pipeline there, the NSR will become more economically attractive due to the fact that it will be possible to combine railway sections with sea sections along the route. They are planning to build Indigo pretty quickly, since there is a nearby Pechersk gas field. Now Indiga and neighboring Naryan-Mar do not have any transport links with the "big land", except for winter roads and aviation.
    Z.Y. Statement
    In the polar regions, above 70-75 ° N none of the listed satellite operators Inmarsat, Thuraya, GlobalStar work

    needs to be clarified. In low and high latitudes, Iridium works great (I use this myself). At Iridium, the satellites rotate, and are not located in a geostationary orbit, like the others, so coverage = 100% of the Earth’s surface.
    1. Uncle lee
      Uncle lee 27 February 2018 12: 45
      +2
      Quote: Anyone
      iridium

      All is correct. It is a pity that the system is American ...
  4. BAI
    BAI 27 February 2018 09: 09
    +7
    In the Russian-Japanese ran into the absence of the NSR. If the ships went north, there would be no Tsushima.
    And now - if there was a conflict, only the Trans-Siberian Railway will remain between Moscow and Vladivostok, which will be put out of order at one time.
    1. sxfRipper
      sxfRipper 27 February 2018 09: 49
      +3
      So the author is just about this and the thing is:
      Russia does not need the Northern Sea Route to service Chinese imports, but to provide for its own transport needs
      And the needs can be all sorts.
    2. Mar.Tirah
      Mar.Tirah 27 February 2018 10: 06
      +3
      If a conflict happens, nothing will help. Even God, God, but you need to live and develop infrastructure.
      1. Vladivostok1969
        Vladivostok1969 27 February 2018 15: 15
        +2
        Need to develop. But commercial development in the coming .0 years not foreseen. Objectively.
    3. Retired2012
      Retired2012 1 March 2018 04: 51
      +2
      About Russian-Japanese .... but the squadron would go to the North-Coal there is nowhere to take, firewood is the same ........
  5. Strashila
    Strashila 27 February 2018 09: 50
    +5
    You read and ... laugh ... the railway didn’t hear such a word ... to Vladivostok or Nakhodka through it ... and there Japan is visible with the naked eye ... it is still necessary to bring to Murmansk from the central regions, but this is not a hundred KEME. "The Northern Sea Route is necessary for Russia not to service Chinese imports, but to provide for its own transport needs." ... I agree we have areas where only volumetric navigation can deliver something ... this will increase its duration. For all this, river shipping was virtually destroyed in Siberia and the Far East, and the iron-river scheme is of little use.
    1. Mar.Tirah
      Mar.Tirah 27 February 2018 10: 10
      +6
      Who told you that shipping on the northern rivers has been destroyed? Is it less than in Soviet times, is that so? Bury us early. Still, the bulk of the cargo transported to equip the northern territories of the Arctic goes by water. Otherwise, I agree with you.
      1. Anyone
        Anyone 27 February 2018 13: 55
        0
        Is there passenger shipping at Pecher today? Private dumb car ferries from barges and tugboats only. Slow and expensive.
        1. Mar.Tirah
          Mar.Tirah 27 February 2018 14: 41
          +1
          This is not about passenger traffic. And about the supply of goods. Many cargoes are thousands of tons. CGS, fuel and lubricants, bulky goods, oil and gas equipment. That’s why passenger ships stopped working is bad. God forbid someday recover. Or we will look for other means of transportation. This is generally another painful topic. Only you please do not compare Pechora with the Ob, where the width of the river on the Yamal Peninsula is 90 km., Irtysh, Yenisei (5 km), Lena, Angara. There one train carries 12 thousand tons at once. And all this they carry to estuaries of the Kara Sea. The Laptev Sea, and the East Siberian Sea. just along the passing NSR.
          1. Anyone
            Anyone 27 February 2018 15: 37
            +5
            Absolutely did not compare Pechora with Lena / Ob / others. I’m talking about something else: there is no passenger traffic, there is no transport accessibility, the infrastructure has been destroyed by the Soviet ... People will leave the North. And he is leaving already - shift workers are being imported more and more for work because of depopulation. The villages along the banks of the Kola from the Barents side have already disappeared. The last villages on the Tersky coast disappear. Similarly, Winter, Summer, Kaninsky, Mezensky and further east - to Naryan-Mar. And there are no people and river transport stagnates. Only gas workers / oil industry workers / drillers / geologists will travel across the tundra. I think this is the dream of our government. You will not immediately need to subsidize transportation / flights to northern villages and generally save on budget ...
          2. Retired2012
            Retired2012 1 March 2018 04: 53
            +1
            The Yenisei stands, there are no steamboats, crews .... some barges remained ...... Norilsk Nickel supplies the North .....
      2. Vladivostok1969
        Vladivostok1969 27 February 2018 15: 21
        +6
        Compared to 1987, the delivery of fuel to the Russian north (Yana, Indigirka, Kolyma) was reduced by 30 times. Previously, this was done by the Primorsky Shipping Company. Now it’s not centralized to do this.
        1. Mar.Tirah
          Mar.Tirah 27 February 2018 15: 33
          +1
          This is true. And it’s not only in Kolyma, I left Chukotka in 1988. No matter how we build capitalism (I want to swear). But you must admit, it began to move, although it’s not what we expected?
          1. Vladivostok1969
            Vladivostok1969 27 February 2018 16: 09
            +3
            Yana, Indigirka, Kolyma are rivers. And with Anadyr it’s the same. Where the “Coal Mine” I myself brought gas there. Now they don’t carry it.
            1. Mar.Tirah
              Mar.Tirah 27 February 2018 16: 51
              +2
              Quote: Vladivostok1969
              Yana, Indigirka, Kolyma is a river.

              I know this very well. My father lived in the upper Indigirka, worked in the mine. I generally speak about Kolyma. Anadyr river also exists, flows into the Anadyr estuary. Coal Mines, Shakhtyorsk, on one side, Anadyr on the other. I I used this gasoline, diesel fuel in the service.
  6. Loess
    Loess 27 February 2018 09: 58
    +6
    For ten months, 2017 passed through the Northern Sea Route to transit 28 ships. Approximately as many passes through the Suez Canal in 10 hours.
    World freight traffic bypasses the Northern Sea Route.

    The first expedition of Columbus generally consisted of only three ships. Increasing freight traffic is a matter of time. In addition, international transport via the NSR is just a nice bonus, because the development of the NSR will occur in any case.
    Russia needs the Northern Sea Route not to serve Chinese imports, but to provide for its own transportation needs.
  7. vlad007
    vlad007 27 February 2018 10: 01
    +4
    Quote from the article: “Experts voice eloquent figures. The NSR tariff for liquid bulk transit is within $ 20-30 per ton, while transportation along the traditional“ southern ”route through Suez costs the customer $ 5.”
    5 dollars per ton across the Southern Route is a dubious figure. Only for the passage of the Suez Canal you have to pay from 8 to 12 dollars per ton.
    1. Santa Fe
      27 February 2018 10: 14
      +2
      Quote: vlad007
      5 dollars per ton across the Southern Route is a dubious figure. Only for the passage of the Suez Canal you have to pay from 8 to 12 dollars per ton.

      For all kinds of goods?
      Quote: vlad007
      "Experts are voicing eloquent numbers. SMP rate for transit of bulk cargo is within $ 20-30 per ton, while transporting along the traditional “southern” route, via Suez, costs the customer $ 5. "
      1. vlad007
        vlad007 27 February 2018 10: 35
        0
        Quote: Santa Fe
        For all kinds of goods?

        What is incomprehensible to you? Do you believe that for 5 dollars per tonne you can carry cargo along the Southern Route?
        1. Santa Fe
          27 February 2018 10: 45
          +2
          Quote: vlad007
          What you do not understand?

          The article indicates the tariff for bulk cargo
          You have not provided any explanations for your numbers.
          Quote: vlad007
          Do you believe that for 5 dollars per ton you can transport cargo along the Southern Route?

          and you do not believe?))
          1. vlad007
            vlad007 27 February 2018 11: 05
            0
            Quote: Santa Fe
            and you do not believe?))


            1,5 dollars for ONE kg (one kg, Karl)!
            1. Santa Fe
              27 February 2018 11: 18
              +1
              Carl, work on the sources

              on the screenshot - delivery of piece goods, with the mark-up of the company
              Initially, it was about bulk cargo, where the volumes of modern tankers are many tens of thousands of cubic meters.
              1. vlad007
                vlad007 27 February 2018 11: 28
                0
                Quote: Santa Fe
                Initially, it was about bulk cargo, where the volumes of modern tankers are many tens of thousands of cubic meters.

                Write your numbers with a link to the source, you got me with your UNFounded conclusions. For the 5 dollars a ton even Gazelle will not be lucky - 5 dollars is 300 rubles !!!
                1. Town Hall
                  Town Hall 27 February 2018 11: 33
                  +1
                  Quote: vlad007
                  For 5 dollars a ton even Gazelle will not be lucky - 5 dollars is 300 rubles !!!



                  The gazelle is not lucky, and the ship is lucky. You just do not know, but motor transport is the most expensive form of transport (after airplanes). And ships are the cheapest
                2. Santa Fe
                  27 February 2018 11: 39
                  +1
                  Quote: vlad007
                  You got me your own ANYTHING NOT based on conclusions.

                  No need to scream so loud, better think about simple -
                  wholesale is always cheaper

                  2. Initially it was about bulk cargowhere the volumes of modern tankers are many tens of thousands of cubic meters
  8. thinker
    thinker 27 February 2018 10: 01
    +1
    .... the main producer and sender in the modern world is China.

    That is precisely why, not only for Russia, but also for China, the NSR is very, very interesting.
    The Chinese company Cosco, on July 8, sent its ship from the port of Dalyan to Sweden, where it arrived on August 17, which saved about 15 days and almost 400 tons of fuel compared to the route through the Suez Canal.
    http://eurasia.expert/polyarnyy-shelkovyy-put-kit
    ay-podbiraetsya-k-arktike /
    1. Santa Fe
      27 February 2018 10: 14
      +1
      Quote: thinker
      which saved in comparison with the route through the Suez Canal about 15 days and almost 400 tons of fuel.

      What about the icebreaker, who provided the wiring?
      1. thinker
        thinker 27 February 2018 10: 35
        0
        Not found, but China has its own icebreaker, weak, but still
        China intends to launch a new icebreaker, called Xuelong-2019, in 2 (the first Xuelong, now operated by China, was built in Ukraine). According to news agencies, "the new icebreaker will be the first in the world to be able to break ice 1,5 m thick with both bow and stern."

        http://www.ng.ru/economics/2017-10-02/1_7085_chin
        a.html
        1. Santa Fe
          27 February 2018 10: 50
          +1
          What do you think, is it worth saving 400 tons of fuel, the cost of renting an icebreaker?
          lower oil prices, due to which thick and heavy bunker fuel, which refuel the vessels themselves, is now very cheap. For example, in Singapore, its prices fell from 400 dollars per tonne in May, 2015 to 150 dollars at the moment (the original article in English is published on 6 March 2016).

          400 * 150 $
          It is unlikely that Rosatomflot will discuss something for 60 thousand dollars.
          1. Town Hall
            Town Hall 27 February 2018 12: 57
            0
            Quote: Santa Fe
            What do you think, is it worth saving 400 tons of fuel, the cost of renting an icebreaker?
            lower oil prices, due to which thick and heavy bunker fuel, which refuel the vessels themselves, is now very cheap. For example, in Singapore, its prices fell from 400 dollars per tonne in May, 2015 to 150 dollars at the moment (the original article in English is published on 6 March 2016).

            400 * 150 $
            It is unlikely that Rosatomflot will discuss something for 60 thousand dollars.




            Tariffs for icebreaking assistance on the Northern Sea Route approved
            The Federal Tariff Service has developed and adopted the Rules for the application of tariffs for icebreaking pilotage in the Northern Sea Route, as well as tariffs for icebreaking pilotage provided by FSUE Atomflot in the Northern Sea Route.

            Tariffs for the operation of an atomic icebreaker are composed of several factors, including the gross tonnage of the vessel, the ice class of the vessel, the distance over which the vessel is posted, and the navigation period.

            According to data from open sources, the cost of one day of operation of an atomic icebreaker varies from 3 to 5 million rubles.


            This is for 2014. at the then exchange rate of 30 rubles per dollar.
  9. vlad007
    vlad007 27 February 2018 10: 24
    +1
    Today, the main problem of the NSR is the deplorable state of the icebreaker fleet, and therefore the indicators are not so high. New ones are still under construction (“Arctic”, “Siberia”, “Ural”). See the rest in the table:
    1. vlad007
      vlad007 27 February 2018 10: 43
      +1
      I forgot to write that the NEW (Arctic, Siberia, Ural) icebreakers will be two-draft, i.e. will be able to work both at the mouth of the rivers and in the ocean. This is very important - one icebreaker will be able to accompany the ship to the pier!
      1. Town Hall
        Town Hall 27 February 2018 11: 02
        0
        Quote: vlad007
        I forgot to write that NEW (Arctic, Siberia, Urals)



        Do you think the new atomic icebreakers will not repeat the fate of the old ones? ... atomic icebreakers were deeply unprofitable under the USSR and continue to continue to remain so now. So the plate will have to be updated periodically
        1. vlad007
          vlad007 27 February 2018 11: 22
          +5
          Quote: Town Hall
          Do you think the new nuclear icebreakers will not repeat the fate of the old?

          Stop trolling !!! Write the specifics! Too many of you fans of asking questions have divorced here !!!
          1. Town Hall
            Town Hall 27 February 2018 11: 35
            0
            Quote: vlad007
            Quote: Town Hall
            Do you think the new nuclear icebreakers will not repeat the fate of the old?

            Stop trolling !!! Write the specifics! Too many of you fans of asking questions have divorced here !!!




            What specifics do you want?. You have your own plate, there is all the specifics. Prostanovlenie and cancellation.
          2. Deck
            Deck 27 February 2018 18: 23
            0
            Specifically, the "Arctic" about 260 million rubles. per month. In any case, it was worth it when I went to the Baltic
      2. Vladivostok1969
        Vladivostok1969 27 February 2018 15: 27
        0
        . This is very important - one icebreaker will be able to accompany the ship to the pier!

        like a fighter bomber? laughing
      3. Twodi
        Twodi 28 February 2018 23: 38
        0
        Do you know the cost of freight diesel icebreaker? For example, Magadan or Moscow who work on the Far East, a day 40-50 to $. Under the condition of a long-term contract .... But for nuclear-powered ships I’m sure at least 2 times more.
  10. Dimon19661
    Dimon19661 27 February 2018 12: 59
    +3
    Over the next hundred years, the NSR will definitely not compete with Suez at all, and there are a lot of reasons for this, starting from the single tonnage of one conducted vessel, adverse environmental conditions, undeveloped infrastructure, politics, economy, etc., etc. Enough for the guys with caps SMP is, by and large, an internal project of Russia that is not very interesting for foreigners. In Soviet times, in the years 70-80, they carried out transit from Japan to Europe by rail, which is much more profitable and faster than the SMP. This is the topic to develop, and not engage in utopian projects. IMHO.
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. Anyone
      Anyone 27 February 2018 22: 08
      +3
      Of course, the NSR is for the most part an internal project. And he is a little more than completely revolving around the interests of Gazprom, Lukoil, Rosneft, etc. Moreover, the local population, which is not supposed to be involved in the oil and gas business, is considered a non-core asset, which should be disposed of together with their settlements. It is advisable that they themselves become extinct or leave. Otherwise, they will be disposed of by resettlement. Halmer-Yu was evicted by riot police due to the closure of a city-forming enterprise (mine) by a private owner. Most of the still residential coastal Pomeranian villages of the Murmansk and Arkhangelsk regions today are inhabited by only dozens of inhabitants. Very rarely, the population is in the hundreds. The life of these villages is one generation maximum. That is, after 25 years there will be only ruins in the village. As already happened with the eastern coast of the Kola: from Teriberka to the closed island of Ostrovnoy (300 km of the coast) there are only tenants of the rivers who organize salmon fishing tours for wealthy foreigners. Kanin Peninsula - 2-3 conditionally living villages. Onega Peninsula is slightly better due to its proximity to Arkhangelsk. Mezensky district - similarly. Timan Tundra - several villages are still alive. Naryan-Mar - how many years can not build 40 km of the road. Even under the USSR they began to build ... And for whom, one wonders, is this NSR being reborn? The answer is obvious: for oil and gas concerns, which will spoil and dirty the tundra, rivers, lakes, and the sea in order to pump out more oil / gas and sell it for export. And for the safety of their business, we will pay for the Arctic troops and weapons from the budget. And icebreakers, by the way, will also pay. He always believed that if Gazprom needed an atomic icebreaker to transport LNG tankers from the Arctic to China or the Netherlands, then let Gazprom pay for the construction and maintenance. Or buys ready.
  11. BAI
    BAI 27 February 2018 16: 17
    +2
    Transportation by JMP is all cover, so to speak.
    Our military began to explore the Arctic. And the issue of developing the Arctic shelf was on the agenda. There’s some active fuss around the one to whom the shelf belongs.
  12. 3danimal
    3danimal 28 February 2018 05: 49
    0
    Quote: g1v2
    Maybe some intellectual bites your verbal diarrhea.

    All the troubles in the Russian Federation are due to these intellectuals. Not everyone is still "piled up" .. We need to urgently take measures so that the entih .. do not exist. And the rest will be happy to go to the reassignment of the Supreme (it must be prescribed in the Constitution), toasts shout and be proud of the "brothers" in power, and it’s harmful to live long.
  13. 3danimal
    3danimal 28 February 2018 05: 51
    0
    Quote: BAI
    Our military began to explore the Arctic. And the issue of developing the Arctic shelf was on the agenda. There’s some active fuss around the one to whom the shelf belongs.

    What is the use of the shelf if Westerners do not sell mining technology on it? But there are none of them .. Oil service, I remind you, was buried in 00x.
    1. Twodi
      Twodi 28 February 2018 23: 34
      0
      We have both technology and personnel, but this is not profitable. This is a very costly affair, and if you steal it is not profitable at all. And they don’t know how to steal from us ((((
  14. 82т11
    82т11 28 February 2018 14: 09
    +2
    The article is interesting, but the author twitches a little:
    1. What is the point of taking back freight from China when traveling to Europe? And if there is no passing cargo in Alexandria, then what to drive an incompletely loaded tanker? Let's say the goods are found while the tanker gets to Alexandria, but how long does it take to unload and load the tanker? Are European buyers ready to wait? It turns out that it is more profitable to load a full tanker in China and go to Europe without stops.
    2. Do not forget that there is maritime piracy, because of which you have to hire security men to do insurance. And if God forbid with the ship what will happen what kind of losses will happen? Everyone can look at the Internet where the concentration of pirates, look look suggestive.
    3. Yes, piloting an icebreaker is expensive, and piloting 10 is cheaper. Of course, I don’t know how the tariffs for the NSR were considered now, but I can definitely say that with an increase in traffic, the tariffs will decrease.
    4. For several years now, there has been a conversation about warming, that is, over time, the environmental conditions at the NSR will be better.
    5. I almost forgot. Do not forget that ships are a complex technique subject to wear and tear, and not a single normal businessman will even agree to a 20% simple time of the year. And an increase of the path by 20% is simple. It turns out that those tankers that go along the NSR can make 6 walkers while the ships that go along the old route are only 5. Loss? Lesion!
    Conclusion: to sit down and on the knee to calculate whether it is beneficial or not, the NSR will not work. There are a lot of factors that go both plus and minus. In my opinion, it is worth developing!
    1. Andrey Loginov
      Andrey Loginov 17 January 2019 15: 38
      0
      3. But wait 10 ships is no longer necessary?
      4. They will, but we are talking about the present tense.
      5. And in the Arctic will there be increased wear?
  15. Twodi
    Twodi 28 February 2018 23: 32
    0
    And now we all go to the Kremlinlin ru website, and there we look for the law on the Northern Sea Route in the signed documents. So it says that the transportation of hydrocarbons on ships flying the flag of the Russian Federation and a foreign flag by decision of the government. THOSE. If you want to work, pay a rollback and give you permission. Our government miracle very well run in the scheme of kickbacks. Take the same Prirazlomnaya ... How many Norwegian ships do it serve? Although it has its own fleet, it’s not worse ... The Ministry of Transport simply snickered at the end and lost a sense of reality ...