Military Review

Konstantin Syroezhkin: Transformation of China into a global power - while the myth


China’s use of “soft power” in its foreign policy is not a new phenomenon. If you take a closer look at the ancient treatises on the art of war and 36 Chinese stratagems, it is easy to find that they were based on "soft power". The military power was not denied at all, but the main thing that was relied on in the victory, the ability to take advantage of the weaknesses of the enemy.

It was these installations that the “fourth generation” leadership of China adopted, when, coming to power, it realized that the practiced concept of “peaceful elevation” was negatively perceived by a foreign audience. As a result, the authorities returned to the slogans of "peace and development" of the 1980 era, proclaiming "peaceful development" as the fundamental foreign strategy of China.

Attention to the "soft power" in the modern sense of the term intensified in 2004, after the publication of the article by the Deputy Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, Qian Qichen. It claimed that after the events of September 11, the United States began to pursue anti-terrorism policies around the world, but fell into a difficult situation in Iraq. This strategy, developed on the basis of the preventive use of "hard power", has already proven its ineffectiveness. She underestimated the role of "soft power" and international institutions, which deprived America of some of the important tools needed to implement a national security strategy.

And it must be admitted that the Chinese leadership had reason to focus on "soft power." Demonstrating a high rate of economic growth and an increase in the well-being of the people over the course of 30 years, China has made not only its economic but also its political development model attractive to developing countries. It is no coincidence that the idea that the Beijing Consensus dominates the Washington Consensus became popular at the beginning of the 2000s.

In May 2004, the London Center for International Politics published a report entitled “Beijing Consensus”, which dealt not only with the effectiveness of the “Chinese model”. According to the authors, the Washington Consensus "comes from the desire to make bankers happy," and the Beijing Consensus to achieve fair growth in the interests of ordinary people. His goal is growth while maintaining independence; the distinctive features are “a resolute pursuit of innovation and experimentation” (special economic zones), “protection of state borders and interests”, “accumulation of tools of asymmetric force” (including in the form of foreign exchange reserves).

In November, at a meeting with literary and art workers, 2006 identified Hu Jintao with his attitude towards "soft power". Among the tools with which the country’s soft power can be strengthened, it includes culture, calling the search for the direction in which China’s culture should develop, giving a new shine to national culture, increasing China’s international competitiveness, increasing soft power. state forces. "

In January 2007, in the course of the collective study at the political bureau of the CPC Central Committee devoted to the issues of state governance of the Internet, Hu Jintao again referred to "soft power." He said that a properly formed and controlled culture of the Internet is “useful for building up China’s soft power.”

In Hu Jintao’s report at the 17th CPC Congress, the topic of "soft power" was included in the section on the development of culture. At the same time, it was emphasized that in our days culture is becoming “an increasingly important element of rivalry in the aggregate state power,” and the development of culture within the country must be accompanied by an increase in its international influence.

Hu Jintao formulated four main directions for building "soft power": 1) creating a system of basic values ​​of socialism and increasing the attractiveness and cementing power of socialist ideology; 2) the creation of a harmonious culture, the cultivation of civilized mores and customs; 3) raising the shield of Chinese culture, creating a common spiritual hearth of the Chinese nation; 4) stimulation of cultural innovations, building up the life-giving forces of cultural development.

The greatest success in the use of "soft power" China has achieved in foreign policy. New political initiatives such as "smiling diplomacy", "public diplomacy" and "good-neighbor diplomacy" play an important role in Beijing’s desire not only to integrate into the integration processes, but also to become an informal regional leader.

To increase the effectiveness of the propaganda support of its foreign policy activities (especially in relations with the countries of the Asia-Pacific Region and Southeast Asia), Beijing has embraced the values ​​of traditional Confucian thought, which has long been inherent in respect for "harmony". The “harmonious peace” strategy formulated as a result of the adjustments was voiced by PRC Chairman Hu Jintao at the Jakarta Afro-Asian Forum held in April in Jakarta and at the UN 2005 anniversary summit in September of the same year.

A special place in the concept of "soft power" in recent years is occupied by the foreign economic activity of the PRC. China willingly lends to the economies of developing countries. At the same time, unlike in Western countries, it, as a rule, does not determine the allocation of loans by political and ideological requirements. In order to disavow the notion that China behaves as a "neo-imperialist", Beijing has developed such means as improving the monitoring of the activities of Chinese firms and protecting an efficiently operating industry.

Another area in which in the last decade, China has achieved undoubted success, the propaganda abroad of the attractiveness of Chinese culture and Chinese language. At the end of 2010, 104 Confucius Institutes and 357 Confucius classes were founded in 476 countries and regions of the world, and 100 million people studied Chinese as a foreign language.

The mission of Confucius institutions is to promote the growth of understanding of China and Chinese culture throughout the world, to develop friendly relations of the PRC with other countries. And training in them is focused on the specifics of cooperation with China. At the same time, the institutes have at least two tasks: 1) educational, for the implementation of which the developed mechanisms of language teaching and the organization structure of the Spanish Institute of Cervantes, the British Council and the German Goethe Institute are taken as a basis; 2) a less publicized task is to promote the spread of Chinese culture and thereby increase the influence of Chinese "soft power."

The process of teaching foreign students in China is also becoming more active. In 2008, the number of foreigners who came to study in China for the first time exceeded 200 thousand, the top three included students from South Korea, the USA and Japan.

The Chinese authorities are taking active steps to improve the level and quality of training of foreign students studying in China. The Ministry of Education of China has adopted a series of measures aimed at ensuring that Chinese universities accept foreign students of a “higher level”. Confucius institutions operating abroad, which organize special tests for the knowledge of the Chinese language, including the provision of grants for further study in China, also contribute to this task.

Another "decoy" for foreign students is government scholarships that the Chinese government is ready to provide. Thus, according to the head of the Department of International Cooperation and Exchanges of the Ministry of Education of China, Zhang Xiuqin, in 2010, it was planned to cover 20 thousand foreigners with state scholarships of China, for which the authorities intended to allocate more than 500 million yuan (about 73,5 million dollars).

Nevertheless, despite such impressive successes in the spread of Chinese, in most cases this only shows that foreigners recognize the rise of the Chinese economy, and knowledge of Chinese is only an important help in developing their own business or finding a good job. And this means that the interest in the Chinese language is not projected in any way at enhancing the "soft power" of China. Moreover, this cannot be said about Chinese culture as a whole. The area of ​​its influence is limited mainly by the Asia-Pacific Region and Southeast Asia, and only in terms of traditional Confucian, Buddhist and Daoist values. The ideology of specific Chinese socialism, although not condemned, is not particularly welcomed.

Greater attractiveness is the Chinese economic model. However, the recent increase in social problems, including the result of the cultivation of this model, leads to a decrease in its popularity and negatively affects China’s international image.

Moreover, Chinese experts are aware that the current status of China as a “world factory” manufacturing products for transnational corporations does not contribute to building up “soft power.” "China" imports "foreign knowledge, technology and cultural products, and its own knowledge, technology and cultural products are not only difficult to" export ", but even, perhaps, fade, being under the control and influence of foreign soft power. Therefore, an important strategic direction China's soft power development is streamlining the economic structure based on foreign trade and foreign capital, strengthened support for the progress of sovereign economy and technological innovation, the development of an open system Nanii having Chinese characteristics. "

The situation is even worse with the popularity of socialist values ​​in China itself. The worldview of Chinese citizens (especially young people) has changed dramatically in the past three decades. The collectivist values ​​and the Confucian cultural tradition have been replaced by individual values ​​and elements of Western popular culture that have been actively introduced in recent years (especially on television). In fact, the traditional system of clans has been destroyed, and with it the traditional institution of the family and the worship of elders. An increasing number of young people prefer not to be bound by the bonds of an official marriage, and increasingly, old people cannot count on the help of young people.

Secondly, the dominance of individualism and active propaganda in the 80-90-s of the last century, the famous slogan of Deng Xiaoping that some people or groups can grow rich earlier than others, marked the beginning of the erosion of the ideals of socialism. Few people believe in them now, as evidenced not only by public opinion polls and the latest decisions of the CPC Central Committee, but also by the fact that the number of people who have announced their withdrawal from the CPC via the Internet has exceeded ten million.

Thirdly, the rapid development of the Internet in China and access to the network of a huge number of bloggers significantly limits the possibilities of official propaganda. The activity of bloggers in the social networks of the Chinese Internet has recently increased significantly, and the level of protest sentiments and the number of protests have increased significantly. The events in the Maghreb countries played a negative role, showing that new Internet technologies are beginning to perform socialization functions (the formation of virtual "social networks" and network transmission channels of information using mobile phone and SMS technologies, Facebook and Twitter networks). This has not gone unnoticed in China. The Central Committee of the CPC decided to take the lead.

The last 15-18 of October 2011 of the year in Beijing The VIth Plenum of the Central Committee of the CPC of the 17-th convocation for the first time in stories The CPC and the PRC considered cultural issues at such a high level. Its main outcome was the “Decision of the CPC Central Committee on some important issues of deepening the reform of the cultural system, stimulating the great development and flourishing of socialist culture”, not only developing the provisions on building “soft power” outlined at the XVII CPC Congress, but also dotted “i "in terms of both improving the cultural system and tightening control over the media, especially over television and the Internet.

Prerequisites, goals and objectives, the main course of the reform in the field of culture

As emphasized in the plenary session "Decisions ...", in the modern world, which is at the stage of big development, big transformations and big streamlining, in the conditions of development of multipolarity, deepening of economic globalization, rapid change of science and technology, strengthening of mutual penetration and mutual enrichment of different cultures and ideologies, the role and place of culture in the competitive struggle for the aggregate power of the state become more noticeable; the task of ensuring cultural security state, the strengthening of the cultural "soft power" of the state, the influence of Chinese culture in the world is greatly actualized.

"Solution ..." explicitly names 8 the reasons that prompted the CPC Central Committee to pay serious attention to the problems of culture.

1. In some institutions and regions, understanding of the importance, necessity, and relevance of cultural development is not enough; it is necessary to seriously enhance the role of culture as a stimulator of enhancing the civilizational qualities of the whole nation.

2. In some areas there is a decline in morality, lack of sincerity, views on life and value orientations of some members of society are confused; the system of assessments, the core of which is socialism, as a leading ideological trend, has become more relevant; the task of strengthening the general ideology and morality in the struggle for the unity of the party and all nationalities of the country was complicated.

3. The capacity to manage public opinion requires improvement, the construction of information networks and their management need to be strengthened and reformed.

4. With the power of influence of refined products is not enough yet, the leading forces in the creative production of cultural products need to be strengthened.

5. The service system of public culture is imperfect, the development of culture in cities and rural areas, as well as in different regions of the country, is uneven.

6. The scale of cultural production is insignificant, the structure is irrational, the problem of systemic restriction of the development of the productive forces of culture has not yet been largely resolved.

7. The culture is very weak in “going beyond”, the strength of the international influence of Chinese culture needs to be gradually strengthened.

8. The creation of a detachment of specialists in the field of culture needs urgent strengthening.

As the member of the Politburo of the CPC Central Committee, Li Changchun, speaking at the plenum, explained, “we should see that building Chinese culture does not fully meet the economic development and growing spiritual and cultural needs of the population; does not fully respond to stimulating the development of science, development of social harmony; does not fully meet the new situation in expanding the "open door" policy; there are still many unsolved problems in the field of propaganda, ideology and culture. "

Proceeding from this and outlining the task of “strategic analysis and the gradual preparation of cultural reform,” the CPC Central Committee determined that this reform was necessary for the following purposes: 1) to fully implement the spirit of the XVII CPC Congress, to stimulate the great development and great prosperity of socialist culture; 2) the in-depth implementation of the scientific concept of development, the realization of the goals of the 12 Five-Year Plan, the acceleration of the comprehensive construction of the xiaokang society; 3) enhancing the cultural component of the "soft power" of the state in order to emerge as the winner in the increasingly tough competition of states in the development of their combined power; 4) solutions to current problems in cultural construction.

The main objectives of the reform in the field of culture by the plenum were the following: 1) to deepen the understanding of the importance and relevance of gradual stimulation of the development of cultural reform, strengthen the understanding of the importance of culture by the party and the society; 2) strengthen the creation of a system of values, the core of which is socialism, strengthen the basis of a common ideology and morality in the struggle for the unity of the party, the state and national unity; 3) to revive cultural creative production, how to satisfy the spiritual and cultural needs of the people; 4) to accelerate the development of culture and cultural production, to increase the general cultural forces of China; 5) improve the system and mechanisms of culture, strengthen the energy and dynamics of cultural development; 6) significantly improve the level of training of specialists in the field of culture, significantly expand the squad of these specialists; 7) strengthen and change the management of cultural work by the party.

The main strategic goal of the reform in the field of culture is to build a powerful nation with a socialist culture by 2020, in which cultural, economic, political, social, ecological and civilizational construction would be in harmonious development.

In addition, the "Decision ..." stresses that as a result of the "struggle for the development of cultural reform" should be achieved: 1) the creation of a system of values, the core of which is socialism, the improvement of ideology and morality, the gradual rise of traditions and customs, increase the morals of citizens; 2) increasing the wealth of cultural products, the constant appearance of iconic works that meet the needs of the population; 3) a comprehensive flourishing of culture, creating the basis for a system of public cultural services working on the principles of equality and general accessibility; 4) the transformation of cultural production into one of the main components of the national economy, increasing the power of culture and its international competitiveness; social form of ownership is the main, but at the same time comprehensively develop the enterprises of culture of various forms of ownership 5) culture management system and mechanisms of control over cultural products come to life, become more efficient and diverse; focusing on the national culture, it is necessary to attract the best achievements of foreign culture, gradually improve the mechanisms of cultural openness and the exit of Chinese culture to the world; 6) wide development of the order of cultural workers and improvement of their quality, guaranteed strengthening of the potential of specialists promoting the development and flourishing of culture.

Specifying expectations from the implementation of the reform in the field of culture, Li Changchun stressed that the most important sense of this reform are "four gains", "four transitions" and "three interrelations".

In the conditions of the ideological and cultural diversity of the modern world, exchange, intermingling and competition should increase many times; the place and role of culture in the competitive struggle for the aggregate power of the state will increase significantly; the task of ensuring the cultural security of the state is being updated; the strengthening of the cultural “soft power” of the state, the influence of Chinese culture in the world is significantly actualized.

Culture must become the most important source of creative power and the power of concentration of a nation; in the most important factor of competition for the aggregate power of the state; the most important pillar of socio-economic development; spiritually and culturally rich life must become the ardent desire of the Chinese people.

At the present historical stage, the deepening of the reform in the field of culture and the stimulation of the great development and great prosperity of socialist culture are interconnected with the aim of fighting for the comprehensive construction of the xiaokang society; interconnected with the steady maintenance and development of specific Chinese socialism; interconnected with the implementation of the idea of ​​reviving the greatness of the Chinese nation.

The following directions of the “main course” are proposed for the realization of all the plans: 1) unswervingly be guided by Marxism, stimulate Sinization, modernizing and the mass character of Marxism; armed with the theory of Chinese specific socialism, direct the practice, stimulate work, and ensure the progress along the development of the reform in the field of culture; 2) unswervingly adhere to the promising directions of advanced socialist culture, adhere to its service to the people and socialism; adhere to the course “let a hundred flowers bloom and compete a hundred schools”, adhere to the unity of the traditional and the modern, keep the main course, but encourage diversity; to arm the people with scientific theory, the right public opinion, to lead people, to shape a person with the help of high spirituality, to inspire people with wonderful works; to form active spiritual aspirations in society and inculcate samples of a healthy civilized life; 3) adhere steadily to the course “man is the basis of everything”, closely contact with practice, life and the masses; develop the important role of the people in cultural construction, unswervingly adhere to the fact that cultural development is carried out in the name of the people and relies on the people, and people use its results; to promote the all-round development of man, to educate citizens of a socialist society with ideology, morality, culture, and respect for the law; 4) adhere to the fact that the interests of society are in the first place, adhere to the unity of social and economic interests; in the development of culture to comply with laws, compliance with the requirements of the development of a socialist market economy; strengthen the legal component in the field of culture; on the one hand, to advocate for flourishing, and on the other - for management; strive to ensure that culture and cultural production develops in a sustainable and in complete harmony; 5) adhere to the principle of reform and openness, promote the renewal of the cultural system and mechanisms; using reforms to stimulate development and prosperity, constantly liberate and develop the productive power of culture, raise the level of cultural openness, promote entry into the world of Chinese culture, actively attract advanced cultural samples of various states, and ensure the cultural security of the state.

The main directions of reform

The "Decision ..." proposes six areas in which it is planned to carry out a reform in the field of culture.

The first direction is the formation of a system of values, the core of which is socialism, the strengthening of a common moral and ideological basis for the struggle for the unity of the party, the state and all nationalities.

The basic provisions of this trend are: a) to adhere steadily to the leading position of Marxism; b) unswervingly adhere to the general theory of Chinese specific socialism; c) to raise the national spirit on the basis of patriotism and the spirit of the modern era on the basis of reform and innovation; d) approve and implement a socialist view of merits and shameful acts.

The second direction is to comprehensively pursue the course “serve two” (people and socialism - ed.) And “rivalry two hundred” (course “let a hundred flowers bloom and compete a hundred schools” - ed.), Give people more high-quality spiritual food.

The basic provisions of this direction: a) steadily adhere to the correct innovation course; b) contribute to the development and flowering of philosophical and social science; c) strengthen and reform news work and work with public opinion; d) facilitate the release of a greater number of high-quality works of literature and art; e) to develop a healthy and high-quality Internet culture; (e) Improve the evaluation system of cultural works and revitalize mechanisms.

The third direction is to develop mass culture with all our strength, to guarantee the basic cultural rights and interests of the people. As emphasized at the plenum, "the satisfaction of the basic cultural needs of the people is the main task of socialist cultural construction."

The basic provisions of this direction: a) create a system of services in popular culture; b) develop a modern propaganda system; c) create a system of continuity of the best examples of traditional culture; d) accelerate the development of a unified system of urban and rural culture.

The fourth direction is the acceleration of the development of cultural production, the transformation of cultural production into one of the pillars of the national economy.

The basic provisions of this direction: a) the creation of a modern system of cultural production; b) the formation of a system of cultural production, in which the basis is made up of enterprises of the public form of ownership, but at the same time enterprises of other forms of ownership are developing; c) stimulating scientific and technological innovation in the field of culture; d) expansion of the financing of culture.

The fifth area is the gradual deepening of reforms and openness, the accelerated creation of mechanisms conducive to the development and flourishing of culture.

The basic provisions of this direction are: a) deepening the reform of state-owned cultural enterprises; b) the improvement of the market system of modern culture; c) updating the culture management system; d) improving the mechanisms for ensuring political guarantees; e) stimulating the process of Chinese culture going out to the world; f) active attraction and borrowing of the best cultural results of foreign countries.

The sixth direction is the preparation of a large detachment of specialists in the field of culture, the creation of personnel support for the great development and great flourishing of socialist culture.

The basic provisions of this direction: a) training senior management and improving the quality of cultural workers; b) strengthening the order of specialists in the field of culture at the grassroots level; c) strengthening the professional, moral and behavioral level of personnel in the field of culture.

The seventh direction is strengthening and changing the direction of cultural work on the part of the party, raising the cultural level in stimulating the development of cultural reform. This direction is viewed not only as "the main guarantee of stimulating the development of cultural reform," but also as "the most important requirement for strengthening the political and administrative potential of the party, its advanced construction."

The basic provisions of this direction are: a) to fully and responsibly implement the political task of developing reform in the cultural sphere; b) strengthen cultural leadership groups and party organizations; c) to improve the working mechanisms of general stimulation of cultural construction; d) to develop the creative activity of the masses in the field of culture.

Although in most areas there are only plans so far, administrative measures were not long in coming. A few days after the plenary session, the State Administration for Radio, Film and Television issued an order that 34 satellite television stations, from the beginning of 2012, gradually limited or completely abolished the "vulgar" and "frankly entertaining" programs. These include reality shows. The order identifies programs dedicated to families, the selection of grooms and brides, competitions of talented and quick-witted, talk shows. In addition, the order prohibits spectator polls and the use of ratings as the only criterion on which it depends whether to continue to show the show. Satellite channels are instructed to concentrate on promoting news, increasing the share of economic, cultural, scientific, educational information, documentary and children's programs.

Apparently, in the near future, similar measures will also affect the Internet space - the second Achilles heel of the CPC propaganda machine. However, to restrict access to the Internet and the recently activated social networks will be quite difficult. In any case, the CPC Central Committee understands that it is rather difficult to control the activities of 500 million bloggers.

Some conclusions

As Chinese experts emphasize, the reform in the field of culture contains external and internal aspects, "contributing to the strengthening of the state."

The external aspect is due to several factors. First, in the modern world of deepening economic globalization and political multipolarization, "soft power" is becoming more and more significant in international relations and has become equally important, even, perhaps even more important, force compared to "hard power." As one of the world powers, China must assume international responsibility for the protection of world peace, which must be borne by a great power. And for this, China should, along with an increase in "hard power," pay even more attention to strengthening "soft power."

Secondly, strengthening China’s soft power construction represents an important moment in increasing its international competitiveness. Interstate competition is competition not only in terms of resources, but also in terms of wisdom in their use. "Soft power" is the wisdom expressed in the application of "hard power".

Thirdly, today China has become the main rival of the capitalist countries of the West. And "in order to avoid the mistakes of the Soviet Union", along with the increase in "hard power", it is necessary to maximize and increase "soft power".

No less significant is the internal aspect. The current situation in China and in the world requires not only a transition to a new model of economic development. There are also serious internal social and political problems.

First, the development of the Internet and the transformation of social networks into a factor in mobilizing the population requires more control over the blogosphere and limiting the negative impact on the consciousness of the Chinese population (especially young people) of information spread on some sites and social networks.

Secondly, the leadership of the CPC and the People's Republic of China is concerned that young people are heavily influenced by Western films (especially American ones), standards of behavior and entertainment. Not only revolutionary traditions have been forgotten, but also traditional Confucian values.

Third, the rapid development of market relations leads to increased social inequality, the alienation of people from the party, and a crisis of trust. Differences within the party intensified. That is why the task is to strengthen the faith in socialist ideals, to strive for the consolidation of society around the party.

All this is understandable and understandable. Another question is, what values ​​are offered by the CCP and how much they will be in demand within the country, and most importantly - how can they be promoted abroad?

The values ​​of the times of the revolutionary struggle and the "big leap" are unlikely to be instilled in the younger generation today. Growing up in an environment where China was on the rise, besides, the “sixth” raised in single-child families and subsequent generations are unlikely to understand these values. As Confucianism is repentant, inside China it can serve and serves good service. In this context, a return to Confucian rhetoric, even in the CPC Central Committee, looks completely coincidental. Outside of China and the regions of Southeast Asia and the Asia-Pacific Region, Confucian values, in spite of their current fashion, are not in demand. Although the two key values ​​of today's Confucianism, the political meritocracy and social harmony, look quite attractive, they, unlike the concept of liberal democracy, do not have a universal and broad audience.

This means that the transformation of China (in terms of aggregate power) into a global power in the near and medium term is likely a myth, although actively supported by part of the Chinese expert community.

First, China is still a regional power, and the region dominated by Confucianism and Chinese Buddhism. This area is very narrow - mainly Southeast Asia. Secondly, China does not have an attractive global ideology (neither Chinese specific socialism nor the renewed Confucianism is clearly pulling this role). Thirdly, China does not yet have sufficient aggregate power (it is certainly growing, but domination is still very far away). Fourth, China does not have a messianic idea of ​​a global scale (only regional). Finally, there are no attractive mechanisms for propagating ideology and messianic ideas (Chinese cinema and television are designed mainly for representatives of Confucian and Buddhist culture, this is not Hollywood).

It seems that in Beijing everyone clearly understands this, and therefore, until recently, China used its "soft power" mainly in economic contacts with foreign countries and in diplomacy.

Today, the task is set somewhat more broadly: firstly, to counteract the negative influence on the public opinion and behavior of the people (especially the youth) of Western ideology and Western values; secondly, by cultivating traditional Confucian values, to contribute to the task of uniting the country and reviving the greatness of China and the greatness of the Chinese nation; thirdly, to increase the influence of Chinese (cultivated by the state) culture, ideology and values ​​in the world and thereby increase the level of “soft power” in the total power of the state.

The task, I must say, is quite ambitious. However, there seems to be no other way for the leadership of the CPC and the PRC. It cannot fail to understand that in the near future, the PRC will face the problem of the coming to power of a generation of so-called "little emperors" who were brought up in a system of values ​​different from their parents. And this is a serious threat not only to the position of the CCP as the leading force, but also for the prospects for the development of the PRC in the paradigm of Chinese specific socialism.
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  1. ward
    ward April 20 2012 07: 58 New
    Everything in China is wonderful .. but if the US closes imports ... how the economy will collapse completely ... and if Europe does the same ... then the famine will begin ...
    1. vadimus
      vadimus April 20 2012 08: 42 New
      East is a delicate matter...
    2. Reddragon
      Reddragon April 20 2012 10: 30 New
      This is a total of 50% of exports. So there will begin a deep crisis.
    3. old rocket man
      old rocket man April 20 2012 13: 30 New
      Even as it collapses, and not only the economy, but also finances bully
    4. Zynaps
      Zynaps April 20 2012 16: 14 New
      China is the main donor of the US economy, as seen in the trade imbalance of a trillion with a lighter of dollars. and all of a sudden, at the behest of someone’s left heel, the United States covers its most nutritious feeding trough ...

      where, then, is the United States to find such idiots who would feed them on credit for cut paper of a state loan?
    5. lcalex
      lcalex April 20 2012 16: 39 New
      And then the Chinas in orderly rows will move to Russia to earn money ... And if, God forbid, they decide to sweep East Siberia and the Far East by force, then this will be something. There is such a station Naushki (this is an extreme station
      East Siberian railway, then Mongolia), so there used to be a serious grouping of troops. Tanks, aircraft and, of course, infantry. And now only customs officers. If the yellow ones decide to fight, they will go through Mongolia in a couple of days. The descendants of Genghisides will not even have time to tell the shit, but our border is bare ... So that they will go to Baikal very quickly. belay
      Although, of course, they are unlikely to start fighting, in Siberia and the Far East, and so already ~ a quarter of the Chinese population
      1. 755962
        755962 April 20 2012 17: 10 New
        Old Napoleon was right when he said: "China is sleeping. Let it sleep further. God forbid, if China wakes up ..."
        In Russia, it is generally accepted: “There are so many Chinese horror. God forbid - war! .. ”But in fact, quantity is not always quality. Recent conflicts between China and its neighbors have been extremely unsuccessful - for example, in the battles for the already mentioned Daman Island (March 1969), 58 Soviet border guards and ... 3000 Chinese soldiers were killed. During clashes with the Vietnamese militia in 1979, just over a month, 26 Chinese army soldiers were killed. That is why the PRC left alone thoughts about the conquest of its neighbors. “We are well aware that war with the Russians is impossible,” restaurateur Wang Zhang from Harbin tells me. - Firstly, you have nuclear weapons. Secondly, the history of China’s wars with Russia shows that it will end badly for us: the Russians were in Beijing, but the Chinese did not reach Moscow. It is beneficial for your politicians to publicize on this topic, but you will not find in China sane people who dream of a war with Russia. And let's not consider psychos. ”
      2. Zynaps
        Zynaps April 20 2012 23: 55 New
        Quote: lcalex
        Although, of course, they are unlikely to start fighting, in Siberia and the Far East, and so already ~ a quarter of the Chinese population

        read it. just tired of commenting on such bullshit.

        anyway. about a quarter of the Chinese population in Siberia and the Far East - where is such amazing information from? or so, by sight, one frightened uncle identified and told in an acquaintance?

        my friend, I served in those parts, only in the Chita region., 24th obrspn. in those days, when the confrontation after Damansky and Zhalanashkol was still sharp, and the descendants of Mao sat in Beijing and they determined the policies of the PRC.

        China along the entire border has nowhere to secretly accumulate troops - around the bare steppe. and they won’t reach Baikal - there’s nowhere to attack. they won’t go anywhere at all - Taiwan still needs to be returned to them. preferably in a peaceful way.

        children-militarists need to understand at least the basics. planning an invasion operation will not pass by the GRU and the SVR. the Chinese will have to additionally "pump" the population. China will need 3-4 months for hidden preparation and another 1.5 months to mobilize the reserve. How much time will the leadership of the Russian Federation need to form and transfer units to the border with China? Chita UR is in place - climb into the bunker and fight. It will take less than a week to lay nuclear bombs in tank-hazardous areas, most of which will be spent on arranging security and providing special ammunition. at the same time, an intensified deportation of the Chinese from the territory of the Russian Federation will begin. everyone - from cooks in national taverns to vegetable growers and market dealers.

        Remember the main thing: the PLA has no experience in large-scale military operations. only 4 (four) armies all over the world have such experience: the RA (as the successor to the Soviet Army), the Bundeswehr, the armies of Great Britain and the United States. all. Do you think the Chinese have forgotten who brilliantly and lightning-fast defeated the Kwantung Army, with which even the Americans and the British did not want to get involved? hell there. The PLA has been preparing for a "people's war" all the time of its existence - this is such a guerrilla with limited capabilities for conducting combined arms operations. it is not enough to learn the generals in the academies. knowledge still needs to be able to apply, moreover, creatively and taking into account the technological level of the army. Could you name the PLA exercises comparable in scope and quality with the exercises "Dnepr" or "West-81"?

        you don’t have to worry: in the event of a military danger, all-all-all assets of the oligarchs will be quickly nationalized and military production will be deployed - the potential has not yet been drunk. everyone will be caught and sent to the army, including the children of Rublevka residents, hipster pacifists and office plankton, who did not have time to reach the airport. and they will very quickly learn to love their homeland - in the national memory these memories are not deep, plus a military tribunal will help especially stupid, bright personalities.

        just why the heck is all this needed by the Russian Federation and China - it is completely unclear. China's economy is already overheated - only they lacked war. It’s enough for the strategic forces of the Russian Federation to strike at hydroelectric power stations and dams of the largest Yangtze and Yellow River to cause a catastrophe in the most economically developed regions of China. up to 70% of China's industry will be knocked out along the way. If we add to this the large railway junctions, then the PRC will also not have the opportunity to replenish and supply troops in the north.
  2. Sarus
    Sarus April 20 2012 08: 03 New
    China must not be underestimated ..
    Once they have already tested us for strength ....
    1. neri73-r
      neri73-r April 20 2012 10: 30 New
      Well, and where does China, we are constantly being tested for strength - simply, we CANNOT bend!
  3. Yarbay
    Yarbay April 20 2012 08: 09 New
    Despite the fact that China is developing its economy, China still remains a rather vulnerable country!
  4. rinzhak
    rinzhak April 20 2012 08: 22 New
    China will certainly be one of the participants in the impending world war
    1. Zynaps
      Zynaps April 20 2012 16: 16 New
      We all will die!!! German militarism and alarmism on the march.

      tell me, expert, and when will it come - a new world war? is it already possible to dig a bunker in the cellar, or is it even more tolerable for two hundred years?
  5. Alexander Romanov
    Alexander Romanov April 20 2012 08: 29 New
    Oh, not the fact that China is leaving. The Dafig of the Chinese, but more respect for them than for the states. The presence of China on the world stage is a fact, and America today is much more vulnerable than China
    1. Ty3uk
      Ty3uk April 20 2012 11: 42 New
      Quote: Alexander Romanov
      and America today is much more vulnerable than China

      Could you argue why the US is more vulnerable than China? For example, I believe that the opposite is true.
  6. late
    late April 20 2012 09: 08 New
    We recently watched one Chinese film called "Earthquake." It clearly shows the shift of priorities among young people towards the Western way of life - a cool car, running your own business for young Chinese is an ideal. But the culture in the country is completely different! China is not fattening The West, which wants to creep out into the future on the labor of emigrants.
    1. ward
      ward April 20 2012 10: 59 New
      So it’s so ... only in the light of the mass shootings there, government officials are stuffed into party officials there ...
      1. old rocket man
        old rocket man April 20 2012 12: 53 New
        Well, the mass, let's say, is relative, by the standards of Finland, genocide is so simple, and by the standards of China (no matter how more than 4 billion), it is not at all noticeable, besides, what an example. It would also be good for us to shoot, maybe this and well, that officials are not seeking?
        Comparing the vulnerability of China and the United States is really difficult, and not entirely correct, the countries are too different. I believe that China is more vulnerable in terms of military-economicbut much more stable in terms oflet me put it this way state political.
        With the leading role of the communist ideology, the dominant, in fact, is the philosophy of Confucius, which is accepted by the overwhelming majority of the people and has proved, in his eyes, its exclusivity.
    2. Ty3uk
      Ty3uk April 20 2012 11: 41 New
      Quote: spat
      Shifting priorities among young people towards the Western way of life is a cool car; running your business for young Chinese is ideal.

      I remember on TV they showed a Chinese who sold his kidney for an iPhone. But the western way of life, cho.
  7. old rocket man
    old rocket man April 20 2012 13: 00 New
    I don’t know what to put into the article, while I was “tolling” to the end, I forgot what was discussed at the beginning, as there is a lot of everything and, at the same time, nothing concrete, it’s not clear what the author wants to say, just a description of China’s policy and no reasonable conclusions ,RAW MATERIAL some. wassat
    1. Goga
      Goga April 20 2012 14: 54 New
      old rocket scientist - I support, Colleague, the title - a quote - "China's transformation into a global power is still a myth" - and the entire text of the article about the plans of the Chinese leadership to develop its culture, what about what?
      A country with the 2nd economy of the world, with the third largest arsenal of nuclear weapons, with the 1st largest population, etc. - it is somehow strange not to consider a global power. fool
      1. Zynaps
        Zynaps April 20 2012 16: 41 New
        however, China is not ready to take the place of the USSR and challenge US hegemony. and something is not visible desire to show this willingness. so China is still a regional superpower. China does not have an idea comparable to Lenin's, which would stir up the masses around the world. The Chinese leadership in their actions is extremely pragmatic. living example: they communicate with the Communist Party (seemingly political allies), they go to congresses, but they grind concrete affairs with edros - ПЖиВ. and so on.

        the Chinese got into Nigeria, pumping oil. according to the reviews of the people who worked there, the Chinese comrades are not too different from the typical bourgeoisie in their habits: no trade unions, no social programs for workers, no sowing of a reasonable-kind-eternal. bare exploitation. what is the antagonism with imperialism?

        in the wilds of Latin America, groups of Maoist guerrillas have been nimble for a long time. so they were supported by Fidel from Cuba, and not by the Chinese comrades.
        1. Goga
          Goga April 20 2012 18: 42 New
          Zynaps - Colleague, why should they "challenge" their own sales market? That a global power is necessarily a confrontation with the US? So this is our "trick", China does not need it and, as you rightly noted, China pragmatically does not strive for this. And as for their ideological spirit, they are just fine. What are the Leninist ideas, Judeo-Marxist nonsense - that's Confucius yes!
          1. Zynaps
            Zynaps April 21 2012 00: 13 New
            Quote: Gogh
            Zynaps - Colleague, why should they "challenge" their own sales market? That a global power is necessarily a confrontation with the US?

            yes, definitely. China has a huge population, a powerful industry, but at the same time it has a rather meager raw material base. The United States is fattening due to the control of the world financial market - the dollar is a universal means of payment in the world, and in addition to all, the United States uses about 40% of the world's raw materials. through this they keep military bases and the world's most powerful navies everywhere. China was eager to help Gaddafi to gain access to Libyan oil. but without a serious conflict with the West, this could not be done - therefore, the Chinese comrades quietly merged their beloved colonel. but Russia liberated the clearing conquered by the USSR in Africa (it’s only the sick tilichents who believed that “the USSR was feeding the black Angola, etc.), and China slowly took over this clearing - the bourgeoisie would not have been allowed there, and the drunkenness of Borya Yolkin was not against it.

            Quote: Gogh
            What are Lenin’s little ideas, Jewish-Marxist nonsense

            colleague, do not fall into ignorance. if on Russian TV a few idiots ponder this, then this only speaks of their stupidity and the stupidity of their watchers. any decent western university obliges future economists to teach the theory of surplus value. and V.I. Lenin is the only Russian materialist philosopher whose theory is extremely complete. the fact that the sad comrade Suslov and his henchmen turned the most interesting ideology into a tedious prepared scarecrow was not Lenin's fault. think about it. if you read Lenin about peripheral capitalism, then, with the presence of brains, it will become clear how far this person has seen. because many still don’t understand why this scum of the former USSR will not heal in any way, as in Europe or America.
            1. Arc76
              Arc76 April 22 2012 00: 09 New
              Here's someone who but the followers of Vladimir Ilyich had not yet seen, I thought that everyone had already died, but no, and such a fossil creature was found. Apparently, the disease went very far. I don’t know how in Ukraine, but here in Russia, in general, that rather developed capitalist society although the instruments of production do not belong to the proletarians. And you, my friend, armed with the world's most advanced Leninist doctrine, you need to directly start revolutionary agitation among the oppressed class. And as your idol wrote, "Ideas become power when they take over the masses" Be ready to fight for Lenin's cause! what
  8. Pedro
    Pedro April 20 2012 16: 06 New
    It's time to learn Chinese
  9. Brother Sarych
    Brother Sarych April 20 2012 18: 21 New
    Indeed - what did the author want to say?
    Personally, I read it with difficulty - in general, for a white person, all Chinese people are on the same face, even in person they don’t understand their emotions and genuine thoughts, and here the author stirs up something that certainly does not correspond to the title of the article ...
  10. sergo0000
    sergo0000 April 20 2012 18: 30 New
    I got the article. Uh! crying Just 30 years ago I walked with these theses, convocations, the leading role of the party ....
    I liked the article. I liked the fact that we cherish our learning from our culture, limit their fees and pornography. They control the Internet. Now we have to learn a lot from them. And most importantly, their TV will be cleaner from this rubbish, the shows will be more correct or something! We also still can compete for the youth, until we have completely lost them.
    This is probably where the Cultural Revolution 2 begins, only more liberal!