In those days, the temperature at the station was below 60 degrees with a minus sign. Under these conditions, the snow actually turns into ice. To take the plane, the polar explorers had to “set on fire” the runway in order to form a more tenacious coating.
Today, the preparation of runways is the responsibility of the Military Transport aviation. BTA pilots themselves are doing such things that civil aviation would never have decided. For example, landing on a huge transport IL-76 not on asphalt or concrete, but on snow, and even at night.
Only the pilots of the US Air Force and the Russian Aerospace Forces possess such capabilities. And if in America such “numbers” are considered exotic, then with the onset of winter, we build ice strips on all BTA airfields.