Military Review

From reservists make contract

33
In Russia, the formation of a professional mobilization reserve begins. The "guerrillas" who signed the contract with the Ministry of Defense will receive wages and a number of compensations, but at the same time they will be obliged to attend special classes every month and pass military training annually. If necessary, the existing units will be equipped with reservists, and new ones will be formed. Creating a full-fledged professional mobilization reserve will have a positive effect on strengthening the state’s defense, military experts say.


In the Russian Defense Ministry journalists of the newspaper “News»Said that from 2018, the system of mobilization reserve in our country will begin to work in full. Required for this regulation were adopted earlier. So, the Ministry of Defense has already conducted an experiment on the formation of an organized mobilization reserve in certain regions of Russia. The experiment lasted for almost two years, its results are evaluated as successful. The decree "On the creation of a mobilization human reserve of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation" was signed by the President of Russia 17 July 2015. The first paragraph of this decree prescribed the creation of a mobilization human reserve of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation for the period of the experiment to introduce a new system of training and accumulation of mobilization human resources. The mechanism for attracting citizens to new structures and the terms of contracts concluded with them are set forth in the Law on Military Duty and Military Service, which says that reserve personnel who have gone through a medical commission can become reservists.

It is worth noting that the mobilization reserve exists in the armies of many countries of the world, this is a very common practice. For example, in the US, the number of reservists is almost the same as the number of regular armed forces. Reserve components include reserves of all five types of armed forces, as well as ground forces and air forces of the US National Guard. At the same time, the US National Guard itself, whose military personnel combine combat training with work in the main specialty, is an organized reserve. There is also an unorganized (individual) reserve, which consists of persons with sufficient military training, that is, those who have recently completed military service and do not need to undergo additional training.


In general, it can be noted that the formation of a mobilization reserve of people who sign a contract with the Russian Ministry of Defense is another step towards the formation of a modern professional army in the country. In the Russian army, the number of contract soldiers already exceeds the number of recruits. 7 November 2017, the Chief of the General Staff, Army General Valery Gerasimov, said that the number of contract soldiers in the army over the past 5 years doubled and amounted to 384 thousands of people. According to the plans, by the end of 2018, 425 thousands of contract soldiers, 220 thousands of officers and 50 thousands of ensigns and midshipmen should serve in the Russian army. Thus, the share of professional soldiers will reach 70 percent.

Currently, military registration and enlistment offices are responsible for the formation of a mobilization reserve. Not all of them have begun the relevant work. At the same time, in some, for example, in the Rostov region - a set of reservists is already underway. In the military registration and enlistment office of Novoshakhtinsk in the Rostov region, military personnel of the reserve can already sign a contract for service in reserve. As the newspaper "Izvestia" notes with reference to the military registration and enlistment office of Novoshakhtinsk, for this, citizens need to appear at the military registration and enlistment office, having a military ID and passport with them. After the contract is signed, the reserve soldier will be required to complete a special 2-3 day study every month and annual fees ranging from 20 to 30 days. It will be possible to call a person from the mobilization reserve into the service at any time: in case of conducting large-scale exercises, declaring a special or threatened period, emergency situations, or simply with an acute shortage of military specialists in units.

Previously, an experiment to form a new mobilization reserve took place in some regions of Russia. The Northern Fleet also participated in the experiment, which actively collaborated with the military commissariats of the Murmansk region. The purpose of the experiment, which started in the North navy in August 2015, there was an improvement in the existing system of training and accumulation of mobilization human resources. In an interview with the newspaper "A red star»The head of the organizational-mobilization department (WMD) of the Northern Fleet Headquarters, captain of the 1 rank, Vladimir Kondratov, said that the first contract in the mobilization reserve on a voluntary basis subscribes to the 3 of the year, subsequent contracts for up to 5 years. At the same time, there are age restrictions for reservists, they are for each category of citizens in the reserve. For example, soldiers, sailors, sergeants, warrant officers and ensigns can conclude the first contract to be in the mobilization reserve before the age of 42, junior officers - up to 47 years, senior officers - up to 57 years.


The main difference of the new approach to the formation of a mobilization reserve is that when a mobilization is announced, the reservist himself must arrive at the military unit, bypassing the military registration and enlistment offices, and proceed to fulfill their duties in accordance with their position in accordance with the staffing and job category. In addition, the reservist once a year goes to military training for up to 30 days and every month for one to three days with him various training sessions are held according to the plans of military units and formations to which the reservist is assigned in accordance with the contract. At the same time, the total duration of fees, which for a year in the mobilization reserve cannot exceed 54 days, is taken into account.

The new system of organized mobilization reserve will allow to prepare and then maintain highly qualified personnel in combat readiness, ensuring a quick transfer of personnel to different theaters of operations, which will require the deployment of new formations, but the local mobilization resource is not enough. According to military expert Viktor Murakhovsky, the new system for attracting personnel will increase the defense capability of the Far East. Parts of this region have technology, but there is a shortage of personnel.

Money question

According to Izvestia, soldiers and officers entering the mobilization reserve will receive a lump-sum payment when entering into a contract: for a three-year period - in the amount of salary, for 5 and more years - in 1,5 times more. The salary of a professional reservist will consist of his official salary, regional coefficient and payments for the title. For example, a platoon commander with the rank of senior lieutenant in the central part of the Russian Federation will receive 27,5 thousand rubles. The squad leader in the rank of sergeant in the Kemerovo region (there is a regional premium: "northern" - 30 percent) - 25,3 thousand rubles. However, in full, this amount of money will be paid only during the passage of military charges. During the rest of the year, that is, 11 months in a year, reservist contract servicemen will pay only 12 percent of their salary. In this case, the senior lieutenant from the Central part of Russia will receive 3,3 thousands of rubles a month, a sergeant in the Kemerovo region - 3,036 thousands of rubles.


This payment procedure is stipulated by the Government of the Russian Federation Decree “On establishing the amount of the monthly salary of citizens of the Russian Federation staying in the mobilization reserve, with the exception of the period of military training” from December 23 of 2015. During the passage of fees, the state guarantees the reservist the preservation of the average salary or scholarship. In addition, it will take on all the costs of renting housing, travel fees for fees and return home, travel allowance.

Separately provided extra charges for long service. For example, after 3, after being included in the mobilization reserve, reservists will be able to additionally receive 10 percent of salary. Over the years, this payment will grow, the maximum premium - 50 percent will be available after 20 years of continuous stay in the mobilization reserve.

How it will work

An important difference, which has already been mentioned above, will be that the reservist will be assigned to a specific military unit or to the MDRI - the Mobilization Deployment Support Center, where he will undergo charges. This is one of the main advantages of the personnel reserve. To create truly combat-ready and trained units, when the fighters are well acquainted with each other (at least at the level of offices and crews) and have real experience of interaction in the framework of studies and military training, is impossible due to the usual vaults that appear in the army at best once in many years of being in stock.

Military expert Vladislav Shurygin, commenting on the formation of a mobilization reserve to journalists of Izvestia, noted that there are such concepts as current and temporary shortages (TNK and VNK). For example, a soldier transferred to a new duty station, and no one has yet been appointed to replace him. This is a temporary shortage. And if a soldier is sick and can no longer perform his direct duties - this is the current shortage. Thus, TNK and KSS can significantly affect the combat capability of military units. For example, in a battalion, not only a few mechanic wrestlers and machine gunners, but also a company commander may be missed. Their absence will significantly affect the ability of this battalion to perform combat missions. There are also posts that are introduced only in the event of war, for example, an assistant machine gunner. In peacetime, such posts are not needed, but in combat conditions are necessary. TNK and VNK will be able to be replaced by contract reservists who have entered into a contract and are assigned to a specific military unit; their other task will be to compensate for losses in wartime.


Separately, experts distinguish the fate of the bases for the storage and repair of military equipment (BHiRVT), which will be disbanded. Until recently, only in the Ground Forces there were more than 40 such bases (14 motorized rifle). At present, Russia is already in the process of reorganizing motorized rifle BHiRVT. About a third of them are closed. For the most part, they had previously only kept the equipment, while the staffing of such bases did not allow maintaining the stored equipment in proper technical condition. Now, in the TsOMR created on their basis, they will both store military equipment and train reservists. If necessary, such centers will be transformed into full-fledged units and military units.

It is known that a new modern infrastructure will be built for the MSC. So, back in 2016, the Russian Ministry of Defense signed a contract for the design of a new BHiRVT, located on Sakhalin. This project can be called an illustration of how the Center for mobilization deployment will look like. The planned military camp near the village of Dachnoye will be equipped with barracks to house the 521 soldier and sergeant, a staff and training building, a parking space of 700 thousand square meters, heated storage for 1,2 thousands of parking spaces, and warehouses for rocket artillery weapons and property. There will also be built special areas for storage and repair of equipment. This infrastructure will allow in the case of charges without any problems to take a whole battalion of reservists, to carry out with them the necessary exercises and work on the planned maintenance of military equipment.
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  1. Pax tecum
    Pax tecum 14 February 2018 06: 07
    +8
    The idea is certainly great.
    But why "so on time"? Are we creating the necessary legislative conditions for a long time or are we starting to force events in anticipation of something bad?
    As they usually compare with the corps of the US reservists, but they do not have conscript military service, that's where the quantity comes from.
    1. Pax tecum
      Pax tecum 14 February 2018 06: 28
      +11
      Anyway, in the event of a major war, they will call on both “reservists” and “conscripts”.
      We need people prepared for war.
      After all, the purpose of urgent service is also to prepare a specialist for a specific WM (or several, as a rule, for the purpose of interchangeability) to create a future mobility reserve.
      It seems that they want to make a layered mobilization. In the first echelon, I will be reservists-contract soldiers attached to the units, in the second echelon those who have gone through urgent, but need time to coordinate and form.
      1. Pax tecum
        Pax tecum 14 February 2018 06: 44
        +8
        One gets the feeling that, as usual, they took the "well forgotten old" Soviet, modernized and adapted.
        The territorial defense and training system under the Union was.
        So many reform experiments have been carried out since the loss of the Soviet system, effort and money were spent (!!!), and the return is still for the better ... Adjusted for capitalist relations.
        1. avt
          avt 14 February 2018 09: 18
          +4
          Quote: Pax tecum
          The territorial defense and training system under the Union was.

          This is the Frunze system.
        2. Valery Saitov
          Valery Saitov 15 February 2018 13: 57
          +1
          It wasn’t like that in the USSR. 2-3 days a month didn’t exist at all (and this is important because the reservist will keep the form). The training camp was every 3 or 5 years (depending on the VUS). I served in the VUS- 001 I have never been called to training camps.
      2. Romka47
        Romka47 14 February 2018 11: 36
        +3
        In the event of a major war, we all go, and the "young guard".
        1. Rey_ka
          Rey_ka 14 February 2018 12: 59
          +2
          plus "wheelchair team"
          1. CTABEP
            CTABEP 14 February 2018 17: 33
            +2
            By the time the “young guard” and the “invalid team” are needed, radioactive ashes will have settled around the world.
        2. Foxmara
          Foxmara 17 February 2018 20: 49
          +1
          People who know where and how they should arrive, what to do - in case of what is more necessary than anyone. This is primarily speed. Modern wars and conflicts are usually fast - did not have time to react - lost the region / population / infrastructure .. Partisans can quickly plug holes, carry out patrol, security services.
    2. g1v2
      g1v2 14 February 2018 13: 14
      +14
      If we prepare well and arm ourselves, then bad things will not happen. They may not dare to contact us. But if we don’t get ready and show someone easy prey, war will become inevitable. request
  2. The comment was deleted.
  3. Blue fox
    Blue fox 14 February 2018 09: 40
    +8
    In principle, it is tempting, especially for those who agree that there are no “former” ones, however there are some points that are not enthusiastic: "Once a year, the reservist goes to military training for up to 30 days“- I’m not sure that most employers are interested in an employee who is absent from work for two months a year (fees and vacations);”It will be possible to call a person from the mobilization reserve for service at any time: .... or simply with an acute shortage of military specialists in units. “Well, this is completely unacceptable, knowing the army's“ expectation-reality ”situation. Therefore, I think it’s worth clarifying something, the fees are 30 days not once a year, but at least 2 times two weeks, and the employer is a little more comfortable, and training can be organized at different periods of training in the army, and as for calling from the mobile reserve, then for all of the above cases, yes, but with the exception of an acute shortage of specialists in the troops, or at least do it only with the consent of the reservist.
  4. thinker
    thinker 14 February 2018 09: 48
    +3
    Quote: Pax tecum
    ... adjusted for capitalist relations.

    That's right, but there would be no problem with a civilian employer, the question.
    2-3 days every month and annual fees lasting from 20 to 30 days
    1. Pax tecum
      Pax tecum 14 February 2018 10: 28
      +4
      In the context of the topic, of course, as always, the bulk of the personnel of the combat units will be made up of children from the countryside and the outskirts of cities.
      This is not interesting for representatives of the bourgeoisie and bureaucracy, the new aristocracy ... Other times, other mores.
      It is necessary to somehow compensate for the "losses" from alternative service and other liberal values ​​in the form of majors, children of the "elite" ...
  5. Svateev
    Svateev 14 February 2018 13: 09
    +2
    At present, Russia is already undergoing a reorganization of motorized rifle BHiRVT ... in the TsOMRs created on their basis they will both store military equipment and train reservists. If necessary, such centers will be transformed into full-fledged formations and military units.

    Finally, we return to the cropped parts, because without them there is simply nowhere to call a mobile reserve. It was not necessary to eliminate the cropped parts, then now it would not be necessary to rebuild the infrastructure for them.
  6. Lexus
    Lexus 14 February 2018 14: 10
    +3
    Private companies from reservists will be "damn incense" shy.
  7. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 14 February 2018 15: 34
    +6
    The question is, what will they do at these annual gatherings?
    If you march and paint the benches - one thing.
    If you shoot and crawl - another. Our reservist fees have begun
    from shooting galleries: about 100 rounds of ammunition and then a two-day exercise with a night march and
    taking "skyscrapers" or "town" (day-night-half-day) 200-400 live rounds.
    And then - on jeeps or armored personnel carriers.
    Large amounts of money are allocated (in advance) for such exercises. Do they have any?
    1. Massik
      Massik 14 February 2018 18: 11
      +5
      We will march, run, shoot and master the technique ...
      Only on paper ...
      If we discard all the husks and look from the inside, the Moscow Defense Ministry just brought itself into order with wild distortions, what kind of reservists are there ...

      Recently I visited PPPL experience those more.
    2. Vladimir Chiyanov
      Vladimir Chiyanov 14 February 2018 23: 04
      +1
      You won’t spoil Shoigu, he has money, and whoever steals is sure to find a loop.
  8. 82т11
    82т11 14 February 2018 21: 00
    +1
    This is where the FSB and the military prosecutor’s office look.
    I already see two corruption schemes:
    1. The military commissar will issue "dead souls" and will receive an increase in salary.
    2. It is possible to formalize a person and, moreover, agrees that 1/10 he would give to the same military commissar.
    And how the fees themselves will be held is also a question, maybe the Moscow Region will use such reservists as “free” labor.
    And as an employer, I’ll immediately tell me such an employee who, in addition to vacation, will also not understand where to hang around for 30 days!
    And after all, there are normal options for creating a mobilization reserve, but no one has chosen the worst.
    1. Igor msk
      Igor msk 15 February 2018 12: 02
      +1
      As free labor, it will not work. For example, I would quickly give up non-core work, record on camera and leaked the culprit. Nevertheless, this is not a disenfranchised conscript.
  9. Twodi
    Twodi 14 February 2018 22: 32
    +2
    In modern warfare, the army must be trained and competent, otherwise the defeat is guaranteed. The technique is high-tech and requires serious knowledge. Therefore, this is a very correct decision. Another question is that these fees should not affect the normal work of people. It is necessary to legislate the inadmissibility of the oppression of such people, because many employers will be very reluctant to take such people.
    1. Vladivostok1969
      Vladivostok1969 15 February 2018 12: 20
      +1
      Tell the rebels in Yemen, the Taliban about this. The eggs must definitely be iron. And not only that.
  10. VeteranVSSSR
    VeteranVSSSR 14 February 2018 23: 27
    -1
    Yes, as in those days when the loaves cost 15 kopecks. In May, the summons and ... you go for six months, to the virgin lands ''
    At work, the salary is 100% and there that you earn.
    But there were sad moments ... December 79 year. Mary, the bus, Kushka and ... reservists all the way to the border with Pakistan, and how the “enemy voices '' were cast out that the Soviets called on the reservists ... Horror!
  11. Vladivostok1969
    Vladivostok1969 15 February 2018 02: 01
    +2
    In Switzerland, reservists keep personal weapons (issued by the state) at home in a safe. And they hand them in by age. Can we introduce this initiative? laughing
    1. Igor msk
      Igor msk 15 February 2018 11: 56
      0
      We have so the people are full of weapons - hunter and self-defense. Also, owners of Russian-made SUVs and snowmobiles automatically fall into the reserve. The military enlistment office has separate lists of these people. So if something happens, they will be ordered to all these people - they will come with weapons and vehicles in the first place.
    2. boni592807
      boni592807 17 February 2018 00: 32
      +2
      Best regards, colleagues hi
      By the way Vladivostok1969 very practical (we recall the historical experience of our Cossacks), the issue of organizing the maintenance of a mobile reserve for them (Switzerland) can also be envied, both legislatively (under capitalism and for participants in the process), and practically. In VO, there is an old article on this issue in Switzerland. Check through, search engine.
      The fact that ours began to move. It's time, the day before yesterday! And now the roasted cock is knocking on the window. GDP when he said that the situation is like in 1941? what
      And how did you work on mobilizing the reserve and preparing students and citizens (BHT, GTO), on civil defense at enterprises, in housing and communal services (using the current abbreviation) in the prewar years. And after the Second World War - the Soviet generations still remember.
      The issue of NVP also waited for its decision. And so bare enthusiasm. Bottom line, how many are there, like “Kolenka from the Bundestag, upset by the deaths of the“ innocent ”soldiers of the III-Reich in Russia” and others and other “children”?
      The history of the development of the All-Union Physical Culture Complex - “Ready for work and defense”: “... Thanks to the TRP, millions of Soviet people gained the skills of marching, skiing, shooting training, swimming, throwing grenades, and overcoming water barriers and obstacles. This helped them to master military affairs in the shortest possible time, to become snipers, scouts, tankmen, and pilots. The modest TRP badge for many of them was the first award, to which later orders for labor and military merits were added. Badges of the TRP, having mastered military-applied motor skills, voluntarily went to the front, successfully acted in partisan detachments. The badges of the second stage of the TRP were the heroes of the Great Patriotic War: pilots Ivan Kozhedub, Alexander Pokryshkin, Nikolai Gastello, the famous sniper Vladimir Pchelintsev ... "
      Pragmatic colleague Igor msk - "...We have so the people are full of weapons - hunter and self-defense. Owners of SUVs also automatically fall into the reserve ... ”
      You fold how many of our “partners” have what and lope. + Our others ... who wants to pinch off a piece of "memory" and participate + And the internal "ours" and guests considered and unaccounted for, with and without a patent.
      And then divide by what you count with us (ours), only by adult. As a result?!
      This is so for greater awareness and enlightenment of the current moment. This is not Zarnitsa.
      Awareness of the problem in its entirety, already gives half of its solution.
      Yours faithfully, hi
      1. Foxmara
        Foxmara 17 February 2018 20: 58
        0
        Quote: boni592807
        Bottom line, how many are there, like “Kolenka from the Bundestag, upset by the deaths of the“ innocent ”soldiers of the III-Reich in Russia” and others and other “children”?

        Personally, I know two who definitely live in the wrong country. One of us has a crush on everything that I wanted to leave, but apparently nobody needs it there, marrying a Yankee is not an option, because there is a wife and children, the second "citizen of the world" - believes that the NATO bases around Russia are for our own good. How many are around them? The first one claimed that in the event of a war he was sure .. but we were declared an economic war in 2015, and things are still there.
  12. Igor msk
    Igor msk 15 February 2018 11: 53
    +5
    The main problem is that they can bribe officers and senior officials. So, the Iraqi army could not resist in full, precisely because of the venality of the generals. Union also leaked corrupt officials. And in the Chechen wars there were such problems - either advance, or retreat. Corruption is the main enemy standing on the arms of the United States. "No need to pay and bribe everyone; the main thing is to bribe those who make the decision." - this is their slogan close to the original.
  13. Meshchersky
    Meshchersky 15 February 2018 13: 59
    +2
    Oh, old, I became everything for this! Otherwise, I would love to partisan.
  14. cedar
    cedar 16 February 2018 08: 15
    +1
    Quote: 82т11
    This is where the FSB and the military prosecutor’s office look.
    I already see two corruption schemes:
    1. The military commissar will issue "dead souls" and will receive an increase in salary.
    2. It is possible to formalize a person and, moreover, agrees that 1/10 he would give to the same military commissar.
    And how the fees themselves will be held is also a question, maybe the Moscow Region will use such reservists as “free” labor.
    And as an employer, I’ll immediately tell me such an employee who, in addition to vacation, will also not understand where to hang around for 30 days!
    And after all, there are normal options for creating a mobilization reserve, but no one has chosen the worst.


    For two years, probably all the options have been pumped, so the worst should not be and ... there is no limit to perfection.
  15. Dzmicer
    Dzmicer 16 February 2018 13: 09
    +1
    True, in full this amount will be paid only during the passage of military training. In the rest of the period, that is, 11 months a year, only 12 percent of the salary will be paid to the contracting reservists. In this case, a senior lieutenant from the central part of Russia will receive 3,3 thousand rubles a month, a sergeant in the Kemerovo region - 3,036 thousand rubles.

    Something tells me that there will be few who want to ...
    1. Michael HORNET
      Michael HORNET 18 February 2018 20: 49
      +1
      The employer is interested in the reaction to the provision of additional leave, and even if the employee decides to go through fees for his leave, then few people are given a month at once
      In general, everything is as usual - they will report on paper, write down dead souls and master the money)
      1. Dzmicer
        Dzmicer 19 February 2018 09: 33
        0
        This is true, the corruption component is clearly visible here, most of the "reservists" will most likely be "dead souls".
  16. digitalcn75
    digitalcn75 26 February 2018 21: 05
    +1
    Our regular troops can’t provide uniforms, food, weapons, where can they take up the reserve. Previously, it was necessary to scratch, 20 years of fatty pro .... whether, but now they twitched like lice on a comb. That's it, wife, sleep.
  17. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 24 June 2018 11: 50
    0
    "will take special training 2-3 days every month and
    annual fees lasting from 20 to 30 days. "////

    Israeli experience shows that to maintain infantry fighting form
    one 2-3-day training once a year and "line service" are enough
    (patrols, maintenance of equipment, firing) 2 weeks duration - once a year.
    (also with 2-day teaching with shooting ranges at the beginning).
    You just need to allocate a lot of live ammunition, ribbons, mortar mines, grenades, etc.
    And reservist pilots fly once a week or two weeks throughout the year.